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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821444/circumferential-fusion-a-comparative-analysis-between-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-with-posterior-pedicle-screw-fixation-and-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-l5-s1-isthmic-spondylolisthesis
#1
Erik Y Tye, Joseph E Tanenbaum, Andrea S Alonso, Roy Xiao, Michael P Steinmetz, Thomas E Mroz, Jason W Savage
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) or anterior lumbar interbody fusion with percutaneous pedicle screws (ALIFPS) offer significantly higher radiographic fusion rates than other fusion techniques for L5-S1 isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS). As it stands, there is a relative paucity of comparative data of the two techniques. PURPOSE: To define the clinical, radiographic, and financial differences between TLIF and ALIFPS for L5-S1 IS. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: A retrospective cohort study conducted at a single-tertiary care center...
August 15, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820272/a-comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-after-unilateral-or-bilateral-hip-arthroscopic-surgery-age-and-sex-matched-cohort-study
#2
Benjamin D Kuhns, Charles P Hannon, Eric C Makhni, Jennifer Alter, Richard C Mather, Michael J Salata, Shane J Nho
BACKGROUND: A significant number of patients undergoing hip arthroscopic surgery for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) have bilateral deformities and may require surgery for both hips. PURPOSE: To compare outcomes between patients who underwent bilateral hip arthroscopic surgery to a matched cohort of patients who underwent unilateral hip arthroscopic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients who underwent primary hip arthroscopic surgery for FAI by a single fellowship-trained surgeon from January 2012 to January 2014 and had a minimum follow-up of 2 years were evaluated...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800273/assessing-the-impact-of-a-remote-digital-coaching-engagement-program-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-asthma
#3
Mazi Rasulnia, Billy Stephen Burton, Robert P Ginter, Tracy Y Wang, Roy Alton Pleasants, Cynthia L Green, Njira Lugogo
BACKGROUND: Low adherence and poor outcomes provide opportunity for digital coaching to engage patients with uncontrolled asthma in their care to improve outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of a remote digital coaching program on asthma control and patient experience. METHODS: We recruited 51 adults with uncontrolled asthma, denoted by albuterol use of > 2 times per week and/or exacerbations requiring corticosteroids, and applied a 12-week patient-centered remote digital coaching program using a combination of educational pamphlets, symptom trackers, best peak flow establishment, physical activity, and dietary counseling, as well as coaches who implemented emotional enforcement  to motivate disease self-management through telephone, text, and email...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799837/effectiveness-of-deformity-correction-surgery-for-primary-degenerative-sagittal-imbalance-a-meta-analysis
#4
Chang-Hyun Lee, Chun Kee Chung, Jee-Soo Jang, Sung-Min Kim, Dong-Kyu Chin, Jung-Kil Lee, Seung Hwan Yoon, Jae Taek Hong, Yoon Ha, Chi Heon Kim, Seung-Jae Hyun
OBJECTIVE As life expectancy continues to increase, primary degenerative sagittal imbalance (PDSI) is diagnosed in an increasing number of elderly people. Although corrective surgery for this sagittal deformity is becoming more popular, the effectiveness of the procedure remains unclear. The authors aimed to collate the available evidence on the effectiveness and complications of deformity-correction surgery in patients with PDSI. METHODS The authors carried out a meta-analysis of clinical studies regarding deformity correction in patients with PDSI...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796720/srs-22r-scores-in-nonoperated-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-with-curves-greater-than-forty-degrees
#5
W Timothy Ward, Nicole A Friel, Tanya S Kenkre, Maria M Brooks, Joanne A Londino, James W Roach
STUDY DESIGN: Case control comparative series. OBJECTIVE: Describe surgical range adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients electing to forgo surgery and compare health-related quality-of-life outcomes to a similar cohort of operated AIS patients by the same single surgeon. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No data have been published either documenting SRS-22r scores of nonoperated patients with curves ≥40° or comparing these scores to a demographically similar operated cohort...
August 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756302/both-positive-and-negative-beliefs-are-important-in-patients-with-spine-pain-findings-from-the-oioc-registry
#6
Maria M Wertli, Ulrike Held, Angela Lis, Marco Campello, Sherri Weiser
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Negative beliefs are known to influence treatment outcome in patients with spine pain (SP). The impact of positive beliefs is less clear. PURPOSE: Assess the influence of positive and negative beliefs on baseline and treatment responses in patients with SP. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of prospectively collected data of outpatient physical therapy patients with SP. Questionnaires administered before and during treatment included the STarT Back distress scale (negative beliefs), and expectation and self-efficacy questions (positive beliefs)...
July 26, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751191/minimal-clinically-important-difference-of-the-modified-fatigue-impact-scale-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Benzi M Kluger, Sanjana Garimella, Cynthia Garvan
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue is a common and debilitating symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD) with no evidence-based treatments. While several fatigue scales are partially validated in PD the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) is unknown for any scale but is an important psychometric value to design and interpret therapeutic trials. We thus sought to determine the MCID for the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS). METHODS: This is a secondary data analysis from 94 PD participants in an acupuncture trial for PD fatigue...
July 20, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727937/preoperative-short-form-health-survey-score-is-predictive-of-return-to-play-and-minimal-clinically-important-difference-at-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#8
Benedict U Nwachukwu, Brenda Chang, Pramod B Voleti, Patricia Berkanish, Matthew R Cohn, David W Altchek, Answorth A Allen, Riley J Williams
BACKGROUND: There is increased interest in understanding the preoperative determinants of postoperative outcomes. Return to play (RTP) and the patient-reported minimal clinically important difference (MCID) are useful measures of postoperative outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). PURPOSE: To define the MCID after ACLR and to investigate the role of preoperative outcome scores for predicting the MCID and RTP after ACLR. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727708/efficacy-of-short-term-spinal-cord-stimulation-in-acute-subacute-zoster-related-pain-a-retrospective-study
#9
Dao-Song Dong, Xue Yu, Cheng-Fu Wan, Yan Liu, Lin Zhao, Qi Xi, Wen-Yao Cui, Qiu-Shi Wang, Tao Song
BACKGROUND: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a refractory condition that impairs the patient's quality of life (QoL), it develops secondary to herpes zoster infection. Therefore, it's important to prevent the transition of acute/subacute zoster-related pain to PHN. Despite of numerous studies, the optimal intervention that reduces PHN incidence is still unknown. OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the efficacy of short-term spinal cord stimulation (stSCS) in patients with refractory acute/subacute zoster-related pain...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715589/association-between-visual-function-response-and-reduction-of-inflammation-in-noninfectious-uveitis-of-the-posterior-segment
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Benedicte Lescrauwaet, Elisabetta Miserocchi, Stephan Thurau, Bahram Bodaghi, Luc Duchateau, Thomas Verstraeten, Sunil Srivastava
Purpose: To examine the association between visual function response (VFR) and inflammation reduction in active noninfectious uveitis of the posterior segment (NIU-PS). Methods: Phase 3 SAKURA Study 1 randomized 347 subjects in a double-masked fashion to receive injections of intravitreal sirolimus 44 μg (n = 117); 440 μg (n = 114); or 880 μg (n = 116) every other month. Vitreous haze (VH) response, a measure of inflammation reduction, was defined as a VH score of 0 or 0...
July 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708816/determination-of-the-minimal-clinically-important-difference-of-the-university-of-north-carolina-dry-eye-management-scale
#11
Christopher J Hwang, Reeves Ellis, Richard M Davis, Sue Tolleson-Rinehart
PURPOSE: To establish an initial estimation of the MCID of the University of North Carolina Dry Eye Management Scale (UNC DEMS) and assess its association with patient perceptions of symptom change. METHODS: Thirty-three patients (33.3% men, 67.7% women, mean age 60.5 yrs) with previous DEMS scores were recruited from a UNC ophthalmology clinic in spring 2014. We used anchor-based methods, categorizing important symptom change, to compare the change in the DEMS scores across visits to patient assessments of change; linear regression coefficients estimated the MCID...
September 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692770/impact-of-stopping-tumor-necrosis-factor-inhibitors-on-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-burden-of-disease
#12
Marjan Ghiti Moghadam, Peter M Ten Klooster, Harald E Vonkeman, Eva L Kneepkens, Ruth Klaasen, Jan N Stolk, Ilja Tchetverikov, Simone A Vreugdenhil, Jan M van Woerkom, Yvonne P M Goekoop-Ruiterman, Robert B M Landewé, Piet L C M van Riel, Mart A F J van de Laar, Tim L Jansen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of stopping tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) treatment on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) of physical and mental health status, health utility, pain, disability and fatigue in patients with established rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: In the pragmatic 12-month POET trial, 817 RA patients with ≥6 months of remission or stable low disease activity were randomized 2:1 to stopping or continuing TNFi. In case of flare, TNFi was restarted at the discretion of the rheumatologist...
July 10, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676426/important-difference-to-infer-changes-in-health-related-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Ravishankar Jayadevappa, Ratna Cook, Sumedha Chhatre
OBJECTIVE: To assess the usability of Minimal Important Difference (MID) and minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for measuring meaningful changes in disease-specific and generic HRQoL outcomes in patient-centered care. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We adopted a two-step literature review process. First, we used PubMed and Google scholar to identify a broad range search terms. Next, we searched OVID Medline, JSTOR, and PubMed for terms "MID," and "MCID." We excluded non-English language studies, articles older than 1995, those not related to generic and disease specific HRQoL measures, and protocols of future studies...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658040/minimal-clinically-important-difference-in-quality-of-life-for-patients-with-low-back-pain
#14
María José Díaz-Arribas, Mónica Fernández-Serrano, Ana Royuela, Francisco M Kovacs, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, Mabel Ramos-Sánchez, Rosa Llorca-Palomera, Pedro Pardo-Hervás, Oscar San Martín-Pariente
STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective, cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the Minimal Clinically Important Difference (MCID) for the physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) component summaries of Short Form SF-12 (SF-12), in patients with low back pain (LBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Quality of life is one of the core domains recommended to be assessed in patients with LBP. SF-12 is the most widely used instrument for this purpose, but its MCID was unknown...
June 27, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648317/minimal-clinically-important-differences-mcids-of-the-thai-version-of-the-leicester-cough-questionnaire-for-subacute-and-chronic-cough
#15
Prapaporn Pornsuriyasak, Poungrat Thungtitigul, Theerasuk Kawamatawong, Surinder S Birring, Tipaporn Pongmesa
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the minimal clinically important differences (MCIDs) of the Thai version of the Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ-T) in patients with subacute and chronic cough. METHODS: Patients with cough for 3 or more weeks were recruited from outpatient clinics. They self-completed the LCQ-T at an initial evaluation and repeated the LCQ-T with a Global Rating of Change scale at follow-up. For the anchor-based method, the MCID was defined as a change in the LCQ scores that corresponded to the smallest improvement in Global Rating of Change score (+2 to +3)...
May 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643966/-what-is-the-role-of-surgery-in-low-back-pain-associated-with-modic-changes
#16
Pietro Aniello Laudato, Viktor Bartanusz
Benign low back pain is frequent in the lucratively active population. Degenerative changes are considered the most frequent causes. The identification of pain generators remain challenging. Bone marrow lesions, Modic changes, are frequently associated with benign low back pain, mostly type 1. The etiology of Modic changes is unknown, both infectious and autoimmune mechanisms have been suggested. Despite the strong association of Modic changes with low back pain it is not clear whether lumbar surgery (lumbar fusion, total disc replacement) has any role in the management of these patients...
June 21, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634644/minimal-clinically-important-differences-mcid-in-assessing-outcomes-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Elina A Stefanovics, Robert A Rosenheck, Karen M Jones, Grant Huang, John H Krystal
This study sought to determine the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for two frequently used measures of symptom severity in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) and the PTSD Symptom Checklist (PCL). Data from a randomized clinical trial of antipsychotic medication in military-related treatment-resistant PTSD (N= 267) included assessments 4 times over 26 weeks. Methods for estimating the MCID were based on both the anchor-based approach, using the Clinical Global Impressions (CGI) severity and improvement scales, rated by both clinicians and patients; and the distribution-based approach (based on standardized z-scores)...
June 21, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623078/arthroscopic-treatment-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-adolescents-provides-clinically-significant-outcome-improvement
#18
Benedict U Nwachukwu, Brenda Chang, Cynthia A Kahlenberg, Kara Fields, Danyal H Nawabi, Bryan T Kelly, Anil S Ranawat
PURPOSE: To define minimal clinically important difference (MCID) and substantial clinical benefit (SCB) for adolescents undergoing arthroscopic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) surgery. METHODS: A prospective institutional hip preservation registry was reviewed to identify hip arthroscopies performed for FAI. Patients with pre-existing hip conditions such as slipped capital femoral epiphysis and Legg-Calve-Perthese were excluded. Included patients were 18 years and younger...
June 13, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605002/short-term-outcomes-of-open-hip-preservation-surgery-for-symptomatic-extraarticular-femoroacetabular-impingement
#19
Benjamin F Ricciardi, Kara G Fields, Catherine Wentzel, Bryan T Kelly, Ernest L Sink
INTRODUCTION: The purposes of this study were to describe: (i) short-term disease-specific patient-reported outcome scores (PROMs); and (ii) factors associated with reoperation or treatment failure in patients undergoing open hip preservation surgery for symptomatic extraarticular FAI. METHODS: Patients undergoing open hip preservation surgery for symptomatic extraarticular FAI were identified from a prospective, single-centre hip preservation registry (n = 51 patients; median clinical follow-up 24 [range 11-49] months)...
June 7, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602048/injected-corticosteroids-for-treating-plantar-heel-pain-in-adults
#20
REVIEW
Judy A David, Venkatesan Sankarapandian, Prince Rh Christopher, Ahana Chatterjee, Ashish S Macaden
BACKGROUND: Plantar heel pain, commonly resulting from plantar fasciitis, often results in significant morbidity. Treatment options include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), orthoses, physical therapy, physical agents (e.g. extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT), laser) and invasive procedures including steroid injections. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of injected corticosteroids for treating plantar heel pain in adults. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (the Cochrane Library), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, clinical trials registries and conference proceedings...
June 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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