keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

tem-1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725038/genomic-characterization-of-novel-incfii-type-multidrug-resistant-plasmids-p0716-kpc-and-p12181-kpc-from-klebsiella-pneumoniae
#1
Jiao Feng, Zhe Yin, Qiangyuan Zhao, Yachao Zhao, Defu Zhang, Xiaoyuan Jiang, Weili Wu, Weijun Chen, Hui Wang, Yajun Song, Yigang Tong, Jinglin Wang, Yanjun Li, Dongsheng Zhou
This study aimed to genetically characterize two fully-sequenced novel IncFII-type multidrug resistant (MDR) plasmids, p0716-KPC and p12181-KPC, recovered from two different clinical Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates. p0716-KPC and p12181-KPC had a very similar genomic content. The backbones of p0716-KPC/p12181-KPC contained two different replicons (belonging to a novel IncFII subtype and the Rep_3 family), the IncFIIK and IncFIIY maintenance regions, and conjugal transfer gene sets from IncFIIK-type plasmids and unknown origins...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699625/mutation-supply-and-the-repeatability-of-selection-for-antibiotic-resistance
#2
Thomas van Dijk, Sungmin Hwang, Joachim Krug, Arjan Gm de Visser, Mark Peter Zwart
Whether evolution can be predicted is a key question in evolutionary biology. Here we set out to better understand the repeatability of evolution, which is a necessary condition for predictability. We explored experimentally the effect of mutation supply and the strength of selective pressure on the repeatability of selection from standing genetic variation. Different sizes of mutant libraries of antibiotic resistance gene TEM-1 β-lactamase in Escherichia coli, generated by error-prone PCR, were subjected to different antibiotic concentrations...
July 12, 2017: Physical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687975/prevalence-and-drug-resistance-characteristics-of-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-in-hangzhou-china
#3
Yan Yang, Jian Chen, Di Lin, Xujian Xu, Jun Cheng, Changgui Sun
With the abuse of antimicrobial agents in developing countries, increasing number of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) attracted considerable public concern. A retrospective study was conducted based on 242 CRE strains from a tertiary hospital in Hangzhou, China to investigate prevalence and drug resistance characteristics of CRE in southeast China. Bacterial species were identified. Antimicrobial susceptibility was examined by broth microdilution method or epsilometer test. Resistant β-lactamase genes were identified by polymerase chain reaction and sequencing...
July 8, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687066/genomic-characterization-of-a-large-plasmid-containing-a-bla-ndm-1-gene-carried-on-salmonella-enterica-serovar-indiana-c629-isolate-from-china
#4
Wei Wang, Zulqarnain Baloch, Zixin Peng, Yujie Hu, Jin Xu, Séamus Fanning, Fengqin Li
BACKGROUND: The bla NDM-1 gene in Salmonella species is mostly reported in clinical cases, but is rarely isolated from red and white meat in China. METHODS: A Salmonella Indiana (S. Indiana) isolate was cultured from a chicken carcass procured from a slaughterhouse in China. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested against a panel of agents. Whole-genome sequencing of the isolate was carried out and data was analyzed. RESULTS: A large plasmid, denoted as plasmid pC629 (210,106 bp), containing a composite cassette, consisting of IS26-bla NDM-1-ble MBL -△trpF-tat-cutA-ISCR1-sul1-qacE△1-aadA2-dfrA12-intI1-IS26 was identified...
July 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667632/monitoring-effector-translocation-using-the-tem-1-beta-lactamase-reporter-system
#5
Julie Allombert, Anne Vianney, Xavier Charpentier
Among the bacterial secretion systems, the Type III, IV, and VI secretion systems enable bacteria to secrete proteins directly into a target cell. This specific form of secretion, referred to as translocation, is essential for a number of pathogens to alter or kill targeted cells. The translocated proteins, called effector proteins, can directly interfere with the normal processes of the targeted cells, preventing elimination of pathogens and promoting their multiplication. The function of effector proteins varies greatly depending on the considered pathogen and the targeted cell...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643490/characterization-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-genes-of-shigella-flexneri-isolates-with-fosfomycin-resistance-from-patients-in-china
#6
Yanyan Liu, Yue Cheng, Haifei Yang, Lifen Hu, Jun Cheng, Ying Ye, Jiabin Li
BACKGROUND: The emergence of fosfomycin resistance and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) genes is a serious threat to public health and a new challenge in shigellosis treatment. The purpose of this study was to identify fosfomycin resistance and characterize β-lactamase genes in fos-carrying isolates of Shigella flexneri from patients in China. METHODS: A total of 263 S. flexneri isolates were collected from 34 hospitals in the Anhui Province of China during September 2012-September 2015 and screened for fosA3, fosA, and fosC2 by PCR amplification and sequencing...
September 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631253/portal-branch-ligation-does-not-counteract-the-inhibiting-effect-of-temsirolimus-on-extrahepatic-colorectal-metastatic-growth
#7
Sebastian Senger, Jens Sperling, Barbara Oberkircher, Martin K Schilling, Otto Kollmar, Michael D Menger, Christian Ziemann
The mTor-inhibitor temsirolimus (TEM) has potent anti-tumor activities on extrahepatic colorectal metastases. Treatment of patients with advanced disease may require portal branch ligation (PBL). While PBL can induce intrahepatic tumor growth, the effect of PBL on extrahepatic metastases under TEM treatment is unknown. Therefore, we analyzed the effects of TEM treatment on extrahepatic metastases during PBL-associated liver regeneration. GFP-transfected CT26.WT colorectal cancer cells were implanted into the dorsal skinfold chamber of BALB/c-mice...
June 19, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589129/whole-genome-sequence-analysis-of-antimicrobial-resistance-genes-in-streptococcus-uberis-and-streptococcus-dysgalactiae-isolates-from-canadian-dairy-herds
#8
Julián Reyes Vélez, Marguerite Cameron, Juan Carlos Rodríguez-Lecompte, Fangfang Xia, Luke C Heider, Matthew Saab, J Trenton McClure, Javier Sánchez
The objectives of this study are to determine the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) genes using whole-genome sequence (WGS) of Streptococcus uberis (S. uberis) and Streptococcus dysgalactiae (S. dysgalactiae) isolates, recovered from dairy cows in the Canadian Maritime Provinces. A secondary objective included the exploration of the association between phenotypic AMR and the genomic characteristics (genome size, guanine-cytosine content, and occurrence of unique gene sequences). Initially, 91 isolates were sequenced, and of these isolates, 89 were assembled...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524864/mistranslation-can-enhance-fitness-through-purging-of-deleterious-mutations
#9
Sinisa Bratulic, Macarena Toll-Riera, Andreas Wagner
Phenotypic mutations are amino acid changes caused by mistranslation. How phenotypic mutations affect the adaptive evolution of new protein functions is unknown. Here we evolve the antibiotic resistance protein TEM-1 towards resistance on the antibiotic cefotaxime in an Escherichia coli strain with a high mistranslation rate. TEM-1 populations evolved in such strains endow host cells with a general growth advantage, not only on cefotaxime but also on several other antibiotics that ancestral TEM-1 had been unable to deactivate...
May 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515902/sites-of-colonization-in-hospitalized-patients-with-infections-caused-by-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-organisms-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Zeina A Kanafani, Sukayna M Fadlallah, Sarah Assaf, Khalil Anouti, Kohar Annie B Kissoyan, Jad Sfeir, Tamara Nawar, Mohamad Yasmin, Ghassan M Matar
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine whether patients infected with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing organisms are colonized at multiple body sites. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study at a tertiary care center in Beirut, Lebanon. Hospitalized patients with infections caused by ESBL-producing organisms were included. Cultures were obtained from the primary site of infection as well as from other sites (skin, nasopharynx, urine, rectum)...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492977/chaperone-substrate-interactions-monitored-via-a-robust-tem-1-%C3%AE-lactamase-fragment-complementation-assay
#11
Ling Bai, Wei He, Tianpeng Li, Cuiting Yang, Yingping Zhuang, Shu Quan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application of the TEM-1 β-lactamase protein fragment complementation assay (PCA) in detecting weak and unstable protein-protein interactions as typically observed during chaperone-assisted protein folding in the periplasm of Escherichia coli. RESULTS: The TEM-1 β-lactamase PCA system effectively captured the interactions of three pairs of chaperones and substrates. Moreover, the strength of the interactions can be quantitatively analyzed by comparing different levels of penicillin resistance, and the assay can be performed under 0...
May 10, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485945/direct-observation-of-interactions-between-nanoparticles-and-nanoparticle-self-assembly-in-solution
#12
Shu Fen Tan, See Wee Chee, Guanhua Lin, Utkur Mirsaidov
Hierarchically organized nanoparticles (NPs) possess unique properties and are relevant to various technological applications. An important "bottom-up" strategy for building such hierarchical nanostructures is to guide the individual NPs into ordered nanoarchitectures using intermolecular interactions and external forces. However, our current understanding of the nanoscale interactions that govern such self-assembly processes usually relies on post-synthesis/assembly or indirect characterization. Theoretical models that can derive these interactions are presently constrained to systems with only a few particles or on short time scales...
May 9, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462854/characterization-of-carbapenemases-esbls-and-plasmid-mediated-quinolone-determinants-in-carbapenem-insensitive-escherichia-coli-and-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-riyadh-hospitals
#13
Mohamed H Al-Agamy, Abduelah Aljallal, Hesham H Radwan, Atef M Shibl
The main objective of this work was to characterize carbapenemases, extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) among carbapenem-insensitive Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli clinical isolates which were isolated from three hospitals in Riyadh. Thirty-one carbapenem-insensitive isolates (21 K. pneumoniae and 10 E. coli) were recovered from March 2014 to May 2014. Susceptibility testing and phenotypic detection tests were used to characterize the classes of β-lactamases...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413506/active-efflux-pump-adeb-is-involved-in-multidrug-resistance-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-induced-by-antibacterial-agents
#14
Tingting Zhang, Min Wang, Yixin Xie, Xianping Li, Zhihui Dong, Yanhua Liu, Ling Wang, Min Yang, Huan Song, Hong Cao, Wei Cao
The aim of the present study was to investigate the resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii, which was induced by cefepime (FEP), cefoperazone-sulbactam (SCF), tazobactam (TZP), levofloxacin (LEV), amikacin (AK), imipenem (IPM), and ciprofloxacin (CIP), in vitro. Multi-step drug resistance selection of 16 A. baumannii strains was performed using seven antibacterial agents (FEP, TZP, CIP, AK, IPM, SCF, and LEV). The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined using the agar dilution method. Random amplified polymorphic DNA polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the genotypes and the carrying rates of aac(3)-I, aac(6')-I, ant(3)-I, aph(3)-Via, OXA-23, OXA-24, AmpC, TEM-1, metallo-β-lactamase gene (IMP), armA, rmtA, rmtB, parC, gyrA and adeB...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412384/molecular-epidemiology-of-penicillinase-producing-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolates-in-france
#15
M Micaëlo, A Goubard, G La Ruche, E Denamur, O Tenaillon, E Cambau, H Jacquier, B Bercot
OBJECTIVES: Characterizing the molecular epidemiology of antibiotic resistance is crucial for a better understanding of the evolution and spread of resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Here, we examine the molecular epidemiology of penicillinase-producing N. gonorrhoeae (PPNG) isolates in France. METHODS: We investigated 176 PPNG isolates collected between 2010 and 2012 by the National Reference Centre in France. Genotyping was performed using the NG-MAST technique, blaTEM genes were Sanger-sequenced, and plasmids were characterized by PCR-typing...
April 13, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378066/genetic-background-of-%C3%AE-lactamases-in-enterobacteriaceae-isolates-from-environmental-samples
#16
Daniele V de Oliveira, Luciana S Nunes, Afonso Luís Barth, Sueli T Van Der Sand
The prevalence of β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae has increased worldwide. Although antibiotic-resistant bacteria are usually associated with hospitals, there are a growing number of reports of resistant bacteria in other environments. Concern about resistant microorganisms outside the hospital setting highlights the need to investigate mechanisms of antibiotic resistance in isolates collected from the environment. The present study evaluated the resistance mechanism to β-lactam antibiotics in 40 isolates from hospital sewage and surface water from the Dilúvio Stream, Porto Alegre City, Southern Brazil...
April 4, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369441/a-combination-of-mecillinam-and-amoxicillin-clavulanate-can-restore-susceptibility-of-high-level-tem-1-producing-escherichia-coli-to-mecillinam
#17
André Birgy, Marine Delecourt, Guillaume Geslain, Emilie Desselas, Marion Caseris, Mélanie Magnan, Patricia Mariani-Kurkdjian, Philippe Bidet, Stéphane Bonacorsi
Objectives: Mecillinam is recommended in France as a first-line treatment for lower urinary tract infections, due to the large increase in resistance of Escherichia coli to other oral treatments, such as co-trimoxazole or fluoroquinolones, its limited impact on faecal microbiota and its stability in the presence of numerous β-lactamases. However, we recently identified several mecillinam-resistant E. coli isolates with a high-level expression penicillinase (HEP) phenotype that merit further study...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368864/characterization-of-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-recovered-from-companion-dogs-in-tai-an-china
#18
Song Li, Junhe Liu, Yufa Zhou, Zengmin Miao
INTRODUCTION: Animals are considered to be reservoirs of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria, but few epidemiological data on ESBL-producing Escherichia coli urinary tract isolates in pet dogs are available in China. METHODOLOGY: This study was conducted to describe the prevalence and characterization of ESBL producers among E. coli urinary tract isolates from pet dogs in Tai'an, China. RESULTS: A total of 118 E. coli were obtained from urinary samples of 80 companion dogs suffering from acute or chronic cystitis, of which three isolates from different dogs were ESBL producers...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334649/binding-of-tem-1-beta-lactamase-to-beta-lactam-antibiotics-by-frontal-affinity-chromatography
#19
Xiu Chen, Yuhua Li, Yan Zhang, Jianting Yang, Liujiao Bian
TEM-1 beta-lactamases can accurately catalyze the hydrolysis of the beta-lactam rings in beta-lactam antibiotics, which make beta-lactam antibiotics lose its activity, and the prerequisite for the hydrolysis procedure in the binding interaction of TEM-1 beta-lactamases with beta-lactam antibiotics is the beta-lactam rings in beta-lactam antibiotics. Therefore, the binding of TEM-1 beta-lactamase to three beta-lactam antibiotics including penicillin G, cefalexin as well as cefoxitin was explored here by frontal affinity chromatography in combination with fluorescence spectra, adsorption and thermodynamic data in the temperature range of 278-288K under simulated physiological conditions...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293886/creation-of-antigen-dependent-%C3%AE-lactamase-fusion-protein-tethered-by-circularly-permuted-antibody-variable-domains
#20
Hiroto Iwai, Miki Kojima-Misaizu, Jinhua Dong, Hiroshi Ueda
Antibody-based molecular switches that are able to recognize a range of exogenous antigens can be highly useful as a versatile biosensor. However, regulating the catalytic activity of enzymes by antibodies is still hard to achieve. Here, we describe a design method of unique antibody variable region Fv introduced with two circular permutations, called Clampbody. By tethering the Clampbody to a circularly permuted TEM-1 β-lactamase (BLA), we successfully constructed a genetically encoded molecular switch Cbody-cpBLA that shows antigen-dependent catalytic activity...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
keyword
keyword
44645
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"