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Journal of Healthcare Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906011/prevalence-of-hiv-and-hepatitis-b-coinfection-in-ghana-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Akosua Adom Agyeman, Richard Ofori-Asenso
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) coinfection has been associated with higher morbidity and mortality and may impact significantly on healthcare resource utilization. However, in Ghana, accurate estimates of the prevalence of HIV/HBV coinfection needed to inform policy decisions and the design of public health interventions are currently lacking. In this study, our aim was to determine the HIV/HBV coinfection prevalence rate in Ghana. METHODS: Primary studies reporting prevalence of HIV/HBV coinfection in Ghana were retrieved through searches conducted in PubMed, science direct, Google scholar and Africa journals online (AJOL) databases...
May 17, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893062/a-reporting-tool-for-practice-guidelines-in-health-care-the-right-statement
#2
Yaolong Chen, Kehu Yang, Ana Marušic, Amir Qaseem, Joerg J Meerpohl, Signe Flottorp, Elie A Akl, Holger J Schünemann, Edwin S Y Chan, Yngve Falck-Ytter, Faruque Ahmed, Sarah Barber, Chiehfeng Chen, Mingming Zhang, Bin Xu, Jinhui Tian, Fujian Song, Hongcai Shang, Kun Tang, Qi Wang, Susan L Norris
The quality of reporting practice guidelines is often poor, and there is no widely accepted guidance or standards for such reporting in health care. The international RIGHT (Reporting Items for practice Guidelines in HealThcare) Working Group was established to address this gap. The group followed an existing framework for developing guidelines for health research reporting and the EQUATOR (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) Network approach. It developed a checklist and an explanation and elaboration statement...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876245/perioperative-medicine-and-taiwan-national-health-insurance-research-database
#3
REVIEW
C C Chang, C C Liao, T L Chen
"Big data", characterized by 'volume', 'velocity', 'variety', and 'veracity', being routinely collected in huge amounts of clinical and administrative healthcare-related data are becoming common and generating promising viewpoints for a better understanding of the complexity for medical situations. Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), one of large and comprehensive nationwide population reimbursement databases in the world, provides the strength of sample size avoiding selection and participation bias...
November 18, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846124/effectiveness-and-experiences-of-families-and-support-workers-participating-in-peer-led-parenting-support-programs-delivered-as-home-visiting-programs-a-comprehensive-systematic-review
#4
Ailsa Munns, Robin Watts, Desley Hegney, Roz Walker
BACKGROUND: Designing child and family health services to meet the diverse needs of contemporary families is intended to minimize impacts of early disadvantage and subsequent lifelong health and social issues. Innovative programs to engage families with child and family support services have led to interest in the potential value of peer-led home visiting from parents in local communities. There is a range of benefits and challenges identified in a limited number of studies associated with home visiting peer support...
October 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845476/are-liquids-an-efficient-vehicle-of-healthcare-associated-infections-a-review-of-reported-cases-in-italy-2000-2014
#5
D D'Alessandro, A Nusca, C Napoli
INTRODUCTION: In the field of healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs), one of the most reported, studied and discussed sources of infections is water, partly due to its controllability, but also because healthcare facilities, especially hospitals, require a significant quantity of water per day. In addition to water, during healthcare procedures, other liquids can serve as source of infections. The present study reports a review of those HCAIs associated to liquid vehicles occurred in Italy during the period 2000-2014...
November 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756402/born-in-brazil-shining-a-light-for-change
#6
Maria Regina Torloni, Ana Pilar Betrán, José M Belizán
The Birth in Brazil study is the largest national hospital-based survey in Brazil regarding birth practices. Conducted in 2011-2012, it collected information from 266 public and private healthcare facilities and interviewed nearly 24,000 postpartum women. It is also the latest effort to map out how labor and delivery are managed in this county in the 21st century. The journal Reproductive Health has published a supplement including 10 articles presenting the results of a series of analyses using this valuable resource...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723124/how-do-we-enhance-undergraduate-healthcare-education-in-dementia-a-review-of-the-role-of-innovative-approaches-and-development-of-the-time-for-dementia-programme
#7
REVIEW
Sube Banerjee, Nicolas Farina, Stephanie Daley, Wendy Grosvenor, Leila Hughes, Molly Hebditch, Sophie Mackrell, Ramin Nilforooshan, Chris Wyatt, Kay de Vries, Inam Haq, Juliet Wright
OBJECTIVES: Traditional healthcare education, delivered through a series of time-limited clinical placements, often fails to deliver an understanding of the experiences of those with long-term conditions, a growing issue for healthcare systems. Responses include longitudinal integrated clerkships and senior mentor programmes allowing students' longer placements, continuity of contact and opportunities to learn about chronic illness and patient experience. We review their development and delivery in dementia and present the Time for Dementia (TFD) Programme, a novel 2-year interdisciplinary educational programme...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711980/interventions-for-patients-and-caregivers-to-improve-knowledge-of-sickle-cell-disease-and-recognition-of-its-related-complications
#8
REVIEW
Monika R Asnani, Kim R Quimby, Nadia R Bennett, Damian K Francis
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is a group of genetic diseases which is especially prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions; however, forced migration and ongoing population movement have spread it throughout the world, with estimated birth rates reaching 0.49 per 1000 in the Americas, 0.07 per 1000 in Europe, 0.68 per 1000 in South and Southeast Asia, and 10.68 per 1000 in Africa. Life for individuals with sickle cell disease can be affected by repeated acute complications and compounded by progressive organ damage...
October 6, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668567/predictors-of-appropriate-pharmacotherapy-management-of-copd-exacerbations-and-impact-on-6-month-readmission
#9
Melody Tran, Pin Xiang, Karen L Rascati, Eileen M Stock, Paul J Godley, Amber Coleman, Michael R Bogart, Richard H Stanford
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal treatment of exacerbations is a major concern in management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The Pharmacotherapy Management of COPD Exacerbation (PCE) Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measure is a quality measure included by the National Committee for Quality Assurance that focuses on appropriate use of steroids and bronchodilators during an acute COPD exacerbation. There is limited evidence evaluating predictors of this quality measure, as well as its association with hospital readmission and cost outcomes...
October 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610608/when-personality-is-the-problem-managing-patients-with-difficult-personalities-on-the-acute-care-unit
#10
REVIEW
Megan Riddle, Timothy Meeks, Carrol Alvarez, Amelia Dubovsky
Personality disorders are pervasive patterns of maladaptive behaviors, thoughts, and emotions that often go unrecognized and can wreak havoc in the patient's interpersonal life. These inflexible patterns of managing the world can be disruptive when an individual is admitted to the hospital, causing distress for both the patient who lacks the skills to deal with the expectations of the hospital environment and the treatment team who can feel ill equipped to manage such behavior. Having a personality disorder has implications for an individual's healthcare outcomes; those with a personality disorder have a life expectancy nearly 2 decades shorter than the general population for a multitude of reasons, among them trouble interacting with the healthcare system...
December 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566639/evaluating-outpatient-transition-clinics-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#11
Jane N T Sattoe, Mariëlle A C Peeters, Sander R Hilberink, Erwin Ista, AnneLoes van Staa
INTRODUCTION: To support young people in their transition to adulthood and transfer to adult care, a number of interventions have been developed. One particularly important intervention is the transition clinic (TC), where paediatric and adult providers collaborate. TCs are often advocated as best practices in transition care for young people with chronic conditions, but little is known about TC models and effects. The proposed study aims to gain insight into the added value of a TC compared with usual care (without a TC)...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562728/social-media-use-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review-of-effects-on-patients-and-on-their-relationship-with-healthcare-professionals
#12
Edin Smailhodzic, Wyanda Hooijsma, Albert Boonstra, David J Langley
BACKGROUND: Since the emergence of social media in 2004, a growing percentage of patients use this technology for health related reasons. To reflect on the alleged beneficial and potentially harmful effects of social media use by patients, the aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the extant literature on the effects of social media use for health related reasons on patients and their relationship with healthcare professionals. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review on empirical research regarding the effects of social media use by patients for health related reasons...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558904/is-the-incidence-of-heart-attack-still-decreasing-in-australia-developing-reliable-methods-for-monitoring-trends-in-myocardial-infarction-and-coronary-heart-disease-aus-mocha-a-study-protocol
#13
Lee Nedkoff, Matthew Knuiman, Michael S T Hobbs, Joseph Hung, Sushma Mathur, John Beilby, Anna Reynolds, Tom G Briffa, Derrick Lopez, Frank M Sanfilippo
INTRODUCTION: Accurate monitoring of acute coronary heart disease (CHD) is essential for understanding the effects of primary and secondary prevention and for planning of healthcare services. The ability to reliably monitor acute CHD has been affected by new diagnostic tests for myocardial infarction (MI) and changing clinical classifications and management of CHD. Our study will develop new and reliable methods for monitoring population trends in incidence, outcomes and health service usage for acute CHD and chest pain...
August 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515942/advancing-evidence-based-practice-in-physical-therapy-settings-multinational-perspectives-on-implementation-strategies-and-interventions
#14
Susanne Bernhardsson, Elizabeth Lynch, Janine Margarita Dizon, Jasmin Fernandes, Consuelo Gonzalez-Suarez, Lucylynn Lizarondo, Julie Luker, Louise Wiles, Karen Grimmer
It is of critical importance that findings from the wealth of clinical physical therapist research are transferred into clinical practice without unnecessary delays. There is a lack of knowledge about strategies that can be used to effectively implement physical therapist research findings and evidence-based practice (EBP) into everyday clinical practice in different national settings and contexts. The purpose of this article is to contribute to knowledge about effective strategies for implementing EBP that have been studied in different national physical therapy settings...
August 11, 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473949/retrospective-observational-study-to-assess-the-clinical-management-and-outcomes-of-hospitalised-patients-with-complicated-urinary-tract-infection-in-countries-with-high-prevalence-of-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-bacteria-rescuing
#15
Evelyn Shaw, Ibironke Addy, Margaret Stoddart, Christiane Vank, Sally Grier, Irith Wiegand, Leonard Leibovici, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Laura Vallejo-Torres, Stephen Morris, Alasdair MacGowan, Jordi Carratalà, Miquel Pujol
INTRODUCTION: The emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria (GNB), including carbapenemase-producing strains, has become a major therapeutic challenge. These MDR isolates are often involved in complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI), and are associated with poor clinical outcomes. The study has been designed to gain insight into the epidemiology, clinical management, outcome and healthcare cost of patients with cUTI, especially in countries with high prevalence of MDR GNB...
July 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469152/promotion-of-kidney-care-in-countries-with-limited-resources-how-does-the-national-kidney-foundation-of-south-africa-fare
#16
Anthony M Meyers
INTRODUCTION: An often-quoted remark is to present problems as challenges, which invariably end up in the "in-box", eventually to be swept under the carpet. The chronic kidney disease burden in the South African black population poses a challenging crisis requiring immediate intervention even in a country with limited resources. Aims, materials, and methods: The National Kidney Foundation of South Africa (NKFSA) reports on 3 major projects. The schools project is aimed at prevention, early diagnosis, and appropriate management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on a national basis...
2016: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459652/impact-of-the-2013-cholesterol-guideline-on-patterns-of-lipid-lowering-treatment-in-patients-with-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-or-diabetes-after-1-year
#17
Josephine N Tran, Tzu Chun Kao, Toros Caglar, Karen M Stockl, John A Spertus, Heidi C Lew, Brian K Solow, Paul S Chan
BACKGROUND: The 2013 ACC/AHA Guideline on the Treatment of Blood Cholesterol to Reduce Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Risk in Adults emphasizes evidence-based treatment with moderate- to high-dose statins for patients at high risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Whether this new guideline influenced patterns of treatment 1 year after its dissemination is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare patterns of lipid-lowering treatment before and 1 year after the release of the 2013 cholesterol guideline in 2 high-risk groups: patients with ASCVD and patients with diabetes mellitus...
August 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417199/complex-social-intervention-for-multidisciplinary-teams-to-improve-patient-referrals-in-obstetrical-care-protocol-for-a-stepped-wedge-study-design
#18
Anita Romijn, Martine C de Bruijne, Pim W Teunissen, Christianne J M de Groot, Cordula Wagner
INTRODUCTION: In obstetrics, patients often experience referral situations between different care professionals. In these multidisciplinary teams, a focus on communication and interprofessional collaboration is needed to ensure care of high quality. Crew resource management team training is increasingly being applied in healthcare settings to improve team performance and coordination. Efforts to improve communication also include tools for standardisation such as SBAR (situation, background, assessment, recommendation)...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401366/perceptions-and-experiences-of-the-implementation-management-use-and-optimisation-of-electronic-prescribing-systems-in-hospital-settings-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#19
Albert Farre, Danai Bem, Gemma Heath, Karen Shaw, Carole Cummins
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing evidence that electronic prescribing (ePrescribing) or computerised provider/physician order entry (CPOE) systems can improve the quality and safety of healthcare services. However, it has also become clear that their implementation is not straightforward and may create unintended or undesired consequences once in use. In this context, qualitative approaches have been particularly useful and their interpretative synthesis could make an important and timely contribution to the field...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381209/protocol-of-the-australasian-malignant-pleural-effusion-2-ample-2-trial-a-multicentre-randomised-study-of-aggressive-versus-symptom-guided-drainage-via-indwelling-pleural-catheters
#20
Maree Azzopardi, Rajesh Thomas, Sanjeevan Muruganandan, David C L Lam, Luke A Garske, Benjamin C H Kwan, Muhammad Redzwan S Rashid Ali, Phan T Nguyen, Elaine Yap, Fiona C Horwood, Alexander J Ritchie, Michael Bint, Claire L Tobin, Ranjan Shrestha, Francesco Piccolo, Christian C De Chaneet, Jenette Creaney, Robert U Newton, Delia Hendrie, Kevin Murray, Catherine A Read, David Feller-Kopman, Nick A Maskell, Y C Gary Lee
INTRODUCTION: Malignant pleural effusions (MPEs) can complicate most cancers, causing dyspnoea and impairing quality of life (QoL). Indwelling pleural catheters (IPCs) are a novel management approach allowing ambulatory fluid drainage and are increasingly used as an alternative to pleurodesis. IPC drainage approaches vary greatly between centres. Some advocate aggressive (usually daily) removal of fluid to provide best symptom control and chance of spontaneous pleurodesis. Daily drainages however demand considerably more resources and may increase risks of complications...
2016: BMJ Open
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