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dermatology cost

Kathryn L Kreicher, Jeremy S Bordeaux
Importance: Cutaneous surgery is performed by otolaryngologists, plastic surgeons, oculoplastic surgeons, dermatologic surgeons, and some primary care physicians. Practice gaps exist among cutaneous surgeons, as do differences in how different physicians approach preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative decision-making. Objective: To present the newest and best evidence to close common practice gaps in cutaneous surgery. Evidence Review: We performed a detailed search of peer-reviewed publications that were identified through a search of PubMed/MEDLINE (January 1, 2000, through June 30, 2016) using the literature search terms "cutaneous surgery," "Mohs micrographic surgery," "plastic surgery," in combination with "safety," "cost," "anesthesia," "anti-coagulation," "bleeding," "pain," "analgesia," "anxiety," or "infection," among others...
October 20, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Shokrollah Zandi, Razyeh Ahmad Zadeh, Sayedeh Reyhaneh Yousefi, Fardin Gharibi
BACKGROUND: Warts are common dermatological lesion caused by skin epithelial cells' infection with human Papillomavirus (HPV). OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a new method for the treatment of dermal warts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this clinical trial study, 60 patients (older than 10 years) with dermal warts living in Baneh city, west of Iran, were allocated into the intervention and control groups using the block randomized method in 2012...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Breanne Mordorski, Adam J Friedman, Leon H Kircik
Dermatologists frequently create cutaneous defects that heal by second intention, yet there is no universal protocol for wound care in this setting. Several ointments commonly used for wound healing are not cost effective as they contain known contact allergens, contribute to antimicrobial resistance, and do not enhance the healing process. Recent studies indicate that Bensal HP, a commercially available ointment used for a variety of dermatologic conditions, may be useful for wound healing; although clinical data is currently limited...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Harrison P Nguyen, John S Barbieri, Howard P Forman, Jean L Bolognia, Marta J VanBeek
An Accountable Care Organization (ACO) is a network of providers that collaborates to manage care and is financially incentivized to realize cost savings while also optimizing standards of care. Since its introduction as part of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, ACOs have grown to include 16% of Medicare beneficiaries and currently represent Medicare's largest payment initiative. Although ACOs are still in the pilot phase with multiple structural models being assessed, incentives are being introduced to encourage specialist participation, and dermatologists will have the opportunity to influence both the cost savings and quality standard aspects of these organizations...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Carlo Romagnoli, Anna Baldisserotto, Chiara B Vicentini, Donatella Mares, Elisa Andreotti, Silvia Vertuani, Stefano Manfredini
In this work, we evaluated the antidermatophytic activities of three resorcinol derivatives that have a history of use in dermo-cosmetic applications to discover molecules with multiple dermatological activities (i.e., multi-target drugs), thereby reducing the cost and time necessary for new drug development. The antidermatophytic activities of the three skin lighteners were evaluated relative to the known antifungal drug fluconazole on nine dermatophytes responsible for the most common dermatomycoses: Microsporum gypseum, Microsporum canis, Trichophyton violaceum, Arthroderma cajetani, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Epidermophyton floccosum, Nannizzia gypsea, Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton tonsurans...
September 30, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Syril Keena T Que, Jane M Grant-Kels, Caterina Longo, Giovanni Pellacani
The use of reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) and other noninvasive imaging devices can potentially streamline clinical care, leading to more precise and efficient management of skin cancer. This article explores the potential role of RCM in cutaneous oncology, as an adjunct to more established techniques of detecting and monitoring for skin cancer, such as dermoscopy and total body photography. Discussed are current barriers to the adoption of RCM, diagnostic workflows and standards of care in the United States and Europe, and medicolegal issues...
October 2016: Dermatologic Clinics
Kanokvalai Kulthanan, Papapit Tuchinda, Leena Chularojanamontri, Pattriya Chanyachailert, Wiwat Korkij, Amornsri Chunharas, Siriwan Wananukul, Wanida Limpongsanurak, Suwat Benjaponpitak, Wanee Wisuthsarewong, Kobkul Aunhachoke, Vesarat Wessagowit, Pantipa Chatchatee, Penpun Wattanakrai, Orathai Jirapongsananuruk, Jettanong Klaewsongkram, Nopadon Noppakun, Pakit Vichyanond, Puan Suthipinittharm, Kiat Ruxrungtham, Srisupalak Singalavanija, Jarungchit Ngamphaiboon
Urticaria is a common skin condition that can compromise quality of life and may affect individual performance at work or school. Remission is common in majority of patients with acute spontaneous urticaria (ASU); however, in chronic cases, less than 50% had remission. Angioedema either alone or with urticaria is associated with a much lower remission rate. Proper investigation and treatment is thus required. This guideline, a joint development of the Dermatological Society of Thailand, the Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology Association of Thailand and the Pediatric Dermatological Society of Thailand, is graded and recommended based on published evidence and expert opinion...
September 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
Jessica M Marbourg, Anna Bratasz, Xiaokui Mo, Phillip G Popovich
People who suffer a traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) are at increased risk for developing dermatological complications. These conditions increase cost of care, incidence of rehospitalization, and the risk for developing other infections. The consequences of dermatological complications after SCI are likely exacerbated further by post-injury deficits in neural-immune signaling. Indeed, a functional immune system is essential for optimal host defense and tissue repair. Here, we tested the hypothesis that SCI at high spinal levels, which causes systemic immune suppression, would suppress cutaneous inflammation below the level of injury...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
Catherine Copley-Merriman, Susan Zelt, Marci Clark, Ari Gnanasakthy
Although some symptoms of dermatologic diseases, such as pruritus and pain, can be subjectively assessed only by patients, the most commonly used endpoints in dermatology drug research traditionally have been clinician-reported outcomes. Research has found that patient-reported outcomes (PROs) were included in only one-quarter of 125 trials conducted between 1994 and 2001. Our objective was to characterize the impact of PROs in dermatology drug development from the patient, prescriber, regulator, payer, and manufacturer perspectives using a case study approach...
September 15, 2016: Patient
N Wagner, D Dirk, A Peveling-Oberhag, I Reese, U Rady-Pizarro, H Mitzel, P Staubach
BACKGROUND: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CsU) is a frequent dermatological disease that might last for months or years with high impact on quality of life. Known causes are autoreactive phenomena, infections or intolerances, rarely IgE-mediated allergies. One-third of CsU patients benefit from a low-pseudoallergen diet. Additionally, it is often discussed, that reducing histamine ingestion alone might improve clinical symptoms and quality of life in CsU patients despite the uncertain role of the histamine-degrading enzyme diamine oxidase (DAO)...
September 13, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Daren J Simkin, Anna L Grossberg, Bernard A Cohen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Bullous impetigo (BI) is a common dermatologic condition, particularly in children, yet confusion regarding its diagnosis and treatment persists. This study measured pediatricians' ability to diagnose and appropriately treat BI and explored factors that might influence pediatricians' accuracy in managing BI. METHODS: We administered an expert-validated survey to 64 pediatrics house staff and faculty at three Johns Hopkins Medicine facilities...
September 7, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
Saori Masaki, Ryoko Tatsukawa, Miki Uryu, Masakazu Takahara, Masutaka Furue, Chika Ohata, Takekuni Nakama, Ryosuke Hino, Motonobu Nakamura, Juichiro Nakayama, Shinichi Imafuku
There is a range of psoriasis treatments available, from topical applications to biologic therapy, with corresponding cost variations. The efficacy of each treatment is usually evaluated by objective measures such as the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) or subjective measures such as the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). However, the social and economic impacts of psoriasis, including cost-effectiveness, have not been assessed in Japan. The EuroQol 5-Dimension (EQ-5D) is a generic instrument used worldwide to calculate quality-adjusted life years, on which calculations of treatment cost-effectiveness are based...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
Mostafa A Sayed Ali, Doaa A E Abou-Taleb, Refaat Ragheb Mohamed
: Vitiligo is a chronic disorder of depigmentation that has different treatment modalities, but patients' nonadherence is common. This study aimed to assess the influence of patients' medication beliefs on patients' adherence to topical, oral medications, and phototherapy in vitiligo. Between September 2015 and February 2016, 260 patients with vitiligo were asked to fill in the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ) to assess their beliefs about therapy for vitiligo. Their adherence to the therapy was examined using the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8)...
September 4, 2016: Dermatologic Therapy
M Lyman, J O Mills, A R Shipman
BACKGROUND: Malignant melanoma presents a significant health burden in the UK in terms of mortality and financial cost. This aggressive and often fatal disease is under-diagnosed among patients with darker skin tones (type 5 and 6) such as Afro-Caribbean patients. A lack of both patient and practitioner awareness leads to a later diagnosis in patients with black compared to white skin. There is currently a paucity of literature looking at the diagnosis rates of melanoma between patients of different ethnicities in the UK and the reasons behind these differences...
August 31, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Andrea Lichterfeld-Kottner, Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Jan Kottner
BACKGROUND: Skin conditions and dermatological diseases associated with advanced age (e.g. fungal infection, dry skin and itch) receive increasingly attention in clinical practice and research. Cost and economic evaluations are important sources to inform priority setting and ressource allocation decisions in healthcare. The economics of skin conditions in aged populations has not been systematically reviewed so far. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this mapping review was to summarize the economic evidence of selected skin conditions in the aged (65 + years)...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Janna M Vassantachart, Teo Soleymani, Jashin J Wu
Psoriasis is a common, chronic immune-mediated inflammatory skin disorder that significantly impacts quality of life and has potential systemic complications. The majority of psoriatic patients have mild to moderate disease and are adequately controlled with topical medications. However, approximately 20% of patients have moderate-to-severe disease. Phototherapy has remained a mainstay option for patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis resistant to topical treatments due to its efficacy, cost-effectiveness, and relative lack of side effects, in particular a lack of systemic immunosuppression seen with traditional and biologic systemic therapies...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
N Desai, P Shah
BACKGROUND: The health resource utilisation associated with managing patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) in England is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of patients with HS and hospital resource use associated with management of HS in England. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study using Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data. Patients with a primary diagnosis code for HS (ICD-10 code: L73.2) during an inpatient admission (n=11,359) between 1(st) April 2007 and 31(st) December 2013 were identified; patients with L73...
August 18, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Edwin D Lephart
Oxygen in biology is essential for life. It comes at a cost during normal cellular function, where reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated by oxidative metabolism. Human skin exposed to solar ultra-violet radiation (UVR) dramatically increases ROS production/oxidative stress. It is important to understand the characteristics of human skin and how chronological (intrinsic) aging and photo-aging (extrinsic aging) occur via the impact of ROS production by cascade signaling pathways. The goal is to oppose or neutralize ROS insults to maintain good dermal health...
November 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
Radhakrishnan Subramaniyan, Ajay Chopra
BACKGROUND: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) has a detrimental effect on patients' emotional and physical quality of life. Omalizumab, an anti-immunoglobulin E humanized monoclonal antibody, has been shown to be very effective in the treatment of refractory chronic urticaria patients but may not be an economically viable option for all CSU patients. However, we present a case series where a single dose of omalizumab gave sustained relief of symptoms in patients with CSU, which may be an economical option...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Mona Fattouh Mohamed Shalaby, Asmaa Nasr El-Din, Mohammed Abu El-Hamd
AIM: The objective of this study was to isolate, identify, and explore the in-vitro antifungal susceptibility pattern of dermatophytes isolated from clinically suspected cases of dermatophytosis (tinea infections) attending the Dermatology Outpatient Clinic. METHODS: This study was conducted at Sohag University Hospital from December 2014 to December 2015. Clinical samples (e.g., skin scrapings and hair stumps) were collected under aseptic precautions. The identification of dermatophytes was performed through microscopic examination using 10% potassium hydroxide (KOH) with 40% dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) mounts and culture on Sabouraud dextrose agar (SDA) and on Dermasel agar base media, both supplemented with chloramphenicol and cycloheximide...
June 2016: Electronic Physician
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