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Light chain

Ying Huang, Fang Liu, Fang Zhang, Pingsheng Liu, Tao Xu, Wenjun Ding
Numerous studies have demonstrated that vanadium compounds are able to improve lipemia and triglyceridemia in both humans and animals. However, the molecular mechanism remains elusive. The present study was conducted to investigate the anti-hyperlipidemic effect of vanadium(IV) complex with 4-chlorodipicolinic acid (VOdipic-Cl)-induced autophagy on hepatic lipid accumulation. To explore the possible underlying mechanisms, primary rat hepatocytes, human hepatoma cell line HepG2, and liver tissue from C57BL/6 mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) were used...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Iwona Żychowska, Dorota Suszek, Magdalena Dryglewska, Dorota Nurzyńska, Helena Donica, Maria Majdan
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease leading to chronic inflammation of numerous tissues and organs. The search for clinically useful markers of its activity is ongoing. At present, it is suggested that serum free light chains (FLC) may be useful in assessing SLE activity. The aim of study: To investigate the relationship between serum levels of free light chains (FLC) and the activity of SLE. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Material and methods: Eighty-four SLE patients (75 female; 9 men) aged 34...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
M Hasib Sidiqi, Mohammed A Aljama, Francis K Buadi, Rahma M Warsame, Martha Q Lacy, Angela Dispenzieri, David Dingli, Wilson I Gonsalves, Shaji Kumar, Prashant Kapoor, Taxiarchis Kourelis, William J Hogan, Morie A Gertz
Purpose Autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) has been used in patients with immunoglobulin light chain (AL) amyloidosis for more than two decades. Early experience raised concerns regarding safety with high early-mortality rates. Patients and Methods We report 20 years of experience with ASCT for AL amyloidosis at the Mayo Clinic Rochester. In all, 672 consecutive patients receiving ASCT for AL amyloidosis were divided into three cohorts on the basis of date of transplantation (cohort 1, 1996-2002 [n = 124]; cohort 2, 2003-2009 [n = 302]; and cohort 3, 2010-2016 [n = 246])...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Myeongsang Lee, Jae In Kim, Sungsoo Na, Kilho Eom
Amyloid β (Aβ) aggregates, which are a hallmark for neurodegenerative disease, are formed through a self-assembly process such as aggregation of Aβ peptide chains. This aggregation process depends on the solvent conditions under which the proteins are aggregated. Nevertheless, the underlying mechanism of the ionic effect on the formation and stability of amyloid aggregates has not been fully understood. Here, we report how metal ions play a role in the formation and stability of Aβ aggregates at different length scales, i...
March 20, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Erika Salavarría, Sujay Paul, Patricia Gil-Kodaka, Gretty K Villena
To understand the physiological responses of the brown macroalga Macrocystis integrifolia during the marine tidal cycle, two RNA libraries were prepared from algal frond samples collected in the intertidal zone (0 m depth) and subtidal zone (10 m depth). Samples collected from intertidal zone during low tide was considered as abiotic stressed (MI0), while samples collected from subtidal zone was considered as control (MI10). Both RNA libraries were sequenced on Illumina NextSeq 500 which generated approx...
April 2018: 3 Biotech
Jun Zhang, Xiaohong Xiang, Shuangshuang Shu, Cuiling Zhang, Yuling Liang, Tingting Jiang, Wenying Zhang, Tingting Guo, Xiujie Liang, Xun Tang
It is well known that autophagy serves a crucial role in renal tubular epithelial cell (RTEC) injury in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The accumulation of advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) also participates in the progression of CKD. However, the effects of AOPPs on autophagy remain unknown. To clarify the underlying mechanism of RTEC injury in CKD, the effect of AOPPs on HK-2 cells, an RTEC cell line, was investigated. The results of the present study revealed that AOPP exposure downregulated the expression of B-cell lymphoma-2-interacting myosin-like coiled-coil protein 1, reduced the conversion of microtubule-associated proteins 1 light chain 3B (LC3)-I to LC3-II and the formation of autophagosomes, and lead to an accumulation of p62...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Poorna Subramanian, Sahand Pirbadian, Mohamed Y El-Naggar, Grant J Jensen
Bacterial nanowires have garnered recent interest as a proposed extracellular electron transfer (EET) pathway that links the bacterial electron transport chain to solid-phase electron acceptors away from the cell. Recent studies showed that Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 produces outer membrane (OM) and periplasmic extensions that contain EET components and hinted at their possible role as bacterial nanowires. However, their fine structure and distribution of cytochrome electron carriers under native conditions remained unclear, making it difficult to evaluate the potential electron transport (ET) mechanism along OM extensions...
March 19, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Ozge Karabiyik Acar, A Basak Kayitmazer, Gamze Torun Kose
Chitosan-chloride (CHI) and sodium hyaluronate (HA), two semi-flexible biopolymers, self-assemble to form non-stoichiometric coacervates. The effect of counterions was briefly investigated by preparing HA/CHI coacervates in either CaCl2 or NaCl solutions to find only a small difference in their tendency to coacervate. Higher water content in coacervates within CaCl2 was attributed to the chaotropic nature of Ca+2 ions. This effect was also evidenced with smaller pore sizes for coacervates in NaCl. Besides, for coacervation of chitosan-glutamate (CHI-G) with HA, dynamic light scattering at different charge ratios indicated a wider coacervation region for the HA/CHI-G pair than the HA/CHI...
March 19, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Jale Moradi, Maryam Izad, Mina Tabrizi, Nader Mosavari, Behnaz Esmaeili, Mohammad Mehdi Feizabadi
One third of the world population are latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and are at the risk of reactivation of tuberculosis (TB). The most effective strategy for control of TB worldwide is the development of a vaccine that inhibits progression of latent TB to active infection. In this study, two optimized constructs consisting of multi-epitopes DNA derived from three latency antigens Rv2029c, Rv2031c, and Rv2627c fused with or without light chain 3 (LC3) are synthetized. The immunogenicity effectiveness of two DNA constructs was evaluated in the mouse model...
March 19, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Franziska Krieg, Stefan T Ochsenbein, Sergii Yakunin, Stephanie Ten Brinck, Philipp Aellen, Adrian Süess, Baptiste Clerc, Dominic Guggisberg, Olga Nazarenko, Yevhen Shynkarenko, Sudhir Kumar, Chih-Jen Shih, Ivan Infante, Maksym V Kovalenko
Colloidal lead halide perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) have recently emerged as versatile photonic sources. Their processing and optoelectronic applications are hampered by the loss of colloidal stability and structural integrity due to the facile desorption of surface capping molecules during isolation and purification. To address this issue, herein, we propose a new ligand capping strategy utilizing common and inexpensive long-chain zwitterionic molecules such as 3-( N , N -dimethyloctadecylammonio)propanesulfonate, resulting in much improved chemical durability...
March 9, 2018: ACS Energy Letters
Chenke Xu, Wei Wang, Jin Zhong, Fan Lei, Naihan Xu, Yaou Zhang, Weidong Xie
Canagliflozin (CAN) regulates intracellular glucose metabolism by targeting sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) and intracellular glucose metabolism affects inflammation. In this study, we hypothesized that CAN might exert anti-inflammatory effects. The anti-inflammatory effects and action mechanisms of CAN were assayed in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 and THP-1 cells and NIH mice. Results showed that CAN significantly inhibited the production and release of interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, or tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the LPS-induced RAW264...
March 15, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
Joshua T Byers, Xin Qing, Christopher Lo, Samuel W French, Ping Ji
Amyloidosis is a disorder characterized by the deposition of insoluble abnormal proteins in the extracellular space. It may occur as a localized lesion or as a systemic disease involving multiple organs and systems. Localized conjunctival amyloidosis is rare and is less frequently associated with systemic involvement. Although amyloidosis itself is a benign lesion involvement of multiple organs and systems is associated with poor prognosis. Diagnosis of amyloidosis is made on biopsy specimens with Congo red staining for the appearance of apple-green birefringence under polarized light microscopy...
March 15, 2018: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Sathish Kumar T, Navaneeth Krishnan A, Joseph Sahaya Rajan J, Makesh M, Jithendran K P, Alavandi S V, Vijayan K K
The emerging microsporidian parasite Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP), the causative agent of hepatopancreatic microsporidiosis, has been widely reported in shrimp-farming countries. EHP infection can be detected by light microscopy observation of spores (1.7 × 1 μm) in stained hepatopancreas (HP) tissue smears, HP tissue sections, and fecal samples. EHP can also be detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting the small subunit (SSU) ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene or the spore wall protein gene (SWP)...
March 17, 2018: Parasitology Research
Yun Xia, Maixin Lu, Gang Chen, Jianmeng Cao, Fengying Gao, Miao Wang, Zhigang Liu, Defeng Zhang, Huaping Zhu, Mengmeng Yi
The present study aimed to evaluate the individual and combined effects of Lactobacillus rhamnosus (LR) JCM1136 and Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis (LL) JCM5805 on the growth, intestinal microbiota, intestinal morphology, immune response and disease resistance of juvenile Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). A total of 720 apparently healthy juvenile Nile tilapia (0.20 ± 0.05 g) were randomly divided into four equal groups. Fish were fed with a basal diet (CK) supplemented with JCM1136 (LR), JCM5805 (LL), and JCM1136 + JCM5805 (LR+LL) at 1 × 108  CFU/g basal diet for 6 weeks, followed by a basal diet for 1 week...
March 14, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Pauline Renaudin, Alexandre Janin, Gilles Millat, Philippe Chevalier
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), a common and clinically heterogeneous disease characterized by unexplained ventricular myocardial hypertrophy, is mostly caused by mutations in sarcomeric genes. Identifying the genetic cause is important for management, therapy, and genetic counseling. METHODS: A molecular diagnosis was performed on a 51-year-old woman diagnosed with HCM using a next-generation sequencing workflow based on a panel designed for sequencing the most prevalent cardiomyopathy-causing genes...
March 16, 2018: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
Judith Stiefelmaier, Benjamin Ledermann, Michael Sorg, Angela Banek, Doris Geib, Roland Ulber, Nicole Frankenberg-Dinkel
Phycoerythrobilin (PEB) is an open-chain tetrapyrrole derived from heme and plays an important role as light-harvesting pigment in the phycobiliproteins of cyanobacteria and red algae. Furthermore, PEB can also function as an antioxidant with potential use as a natural acid stable food colorant. PEB is not commercially available and large, pure quantities can only be obtained by laborious methanolysis of red algae followed by liquid chromatography. Here we describe an improved method for high yield production and purification of PEB in Escherichia coli via heterologous expression where the two required enzymes heme oxygenase and PEB synthase subsequently convert the substrate heme provided by the host cell...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Biotechnology
Kwang Il Jung, Chul Woong Pyo, Sang-Yun Choi
Infection with influenza A virus (IAV) A/WSN/1933 (H1N1) causes oxidative stress and severe lung injury. We have demonstrated that the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during IAV infection is tightly regulated by superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) and correlated with viral replication in alveolar epithelial cells. However, the molecular mechanism underlying SOD1 reduction during IAV infection is uncertain. Here we demonstrate that the autophagy pathway is activated by IAV infection and involved in enhanced ROS generation in the early phase of infection...
March 16, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Bei Wang, Shu-Sen Zheng, Tan-Yang Zhou, Chun-Hui Nie, Da-Long Wan
Bigelovin (BigV) is a sesquiterpene lactone, isolated from Inula helianthus aquatica, which has been reported to induce apoptosis and show anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic activities. Nevertheless, the effects of BigV on liver cancer and the underlying mechanisms have not been investigated. In the study, we found that BigV exhibited potential anti-tumor activities against human liver cancer in vitro and in vivo. BigV reduced the cell proliferation and colony formation. BigV induced apoptosis through improving the cleavage of Caspase-3 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1)...
March 13, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Xi Wu, Xue Xue, Lihui Wang, Wenjing Wang, Jian Han, Xiaoxue Sun, Haotian Zhang, Yueyang Liu, Xiaohang Che, Jingyu Yang, Chunfu Wu
Autophagy, a cellular survival mechanism, is thought to allow the recycling of cellular breakdown products when cancer cells are subjected to chemotherapy, thus decreasing drug-induced apoptosis. Disulfiram (DSF), a drug widely used to control alcoholism, possesses anticancer activity by inducing apoptosis in vitro and in vivo in a copper (Cu)-dependent manner. Our previous studies proved that DSF/Cu exerts increased anti-tumor effects on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) xenograft models, and inhibits NSCLC recurrence driven by ALDH-positive cancer stem cells...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Fan Sun, Zhongnan Guo, Ning Liu, Dan Wu, Jiawei Lin, Erjian Cheng, Tianping Ying, Shiyan Li, Wenxia Yuan
In this work, we report the discovery of a new Ni-based quasi-one-dimensional selenide: Cs0.9 Ni3.1 Se3 . This compound adopts the TlFe3 Te3 -type structure with space group P63 / m, which consists of infinite [Ni3 Se3 ] chains with face-sharing Ni6 octahedra along the c direction. The lattice parameters are calculated as a = 9.26301(4) Å and c = 4.34272(2) Å, with the Ni-Ni distance in the ab plane as 2.582(3) Å, suggesting the formation of a Ni-Ni metallic bond in this compound. Interestingly, it has been found that Cs0...
March 16, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
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