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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719931/management-of-a-rare-cause-of-significant-acute-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-gastric-lipoma-resected-by-hybrid-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection
#1
Nikolaos Koukias, Alberto Murino, Andrea Telese, Laura Gaeta, Niall Power, Michael Rathbone, Edward J Despott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718261/modern-management-of-duodenal-variceal-bleeding
#2
Amer Rehman Farooqi, Lawrence Sunderraj
Duodenal variceal bleeding is an uncommon cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. Treatment strategies are reliant on case reports and case series with new developments in interventional treatment modalities including endoscopic therapy, radiological intervention, and surgery. Endoscopic treatment includes injection sclerotherapy using various agents, banding of varices and clipping of varices. Interventional radiological procedures include Transjugular Intrahepatic porto-systemic shunt (TIPSS), and Balloon- Occluded Retrograde Transvenous Obliteration (BRTO)...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717373/diagnostic-value-of-alarm-symptoms-for-upper-gi-malignancy-in-patients-referred-to-gi-clinic-a-7-years-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mohammad Hasan Emami, Masoud Ataie-Khorasgani, Nasim Jafari-Pozve
BACKGROUND: Early upper gastrointestinal (UGI) cancer detection had led to organ-preserving endoscopic therapy. Endoscopy is a suitable method of early diagnosis of UGI malignancies. In Iran, exclusion of malignancy is the most important indication for endoscopy. This study is designed to see whether using alarm symptoms can predict the risk of cancer in patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 3414 patients referred to a tertiary gastrointestinal (GI) clinic in Isfahan, Iran, from 2009 to 2016 with dyspepsia, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and alarm symptoms, such as weight loss, dysphagia, GI bleeding, vomiting, positive familial history for cancer, and anorexia...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714426/suicide-following-acute-admissions-for-physical-illnesses-across-england-and-wales
#4
S E Roberts, A John, U Kandalama, J G Williams, R A Lyons, K Lloyd
BACKGROUND: The study aim was to establish and quantify suicide risk following acute admissions for all major physical illnesses, for confirmatory purposes, from two independent information sources from different countries. METHODS: Record linkage of inpatient and death certificate data for 11 004 389 acute admissions for physical illnesses in England and 713 496 in Wales. The main outcome measure was standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) for suicide at 1 year following discharge from hospital...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710233/venobiliary-fistula-with-haemobilia-a-rare-complication-of-percutaneous-liver-biopsy
#5
Rotimi Ayoola, Parth Jamindar, Renee Williams
We describe a case of a 36-year-old man with a history of chronic hepatitis C who presented with abdominal pain 3 days after undergoing a percutaneous ultrasound-guided liver biopsy. Initial investigations revealed a venobiliary fistula with haemobilia and obstructive jaundice with direct bilirubin peaking at 9.2 mg/dL. He underwent an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with sphincterotomy and stent placement, bilirubin decreased to 3.7 mg/dL, and the patient was discharged. The patient returned with recurrent abdominal pain and upper gastrointestinal bleeding with haemoglobin of 8...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709051/collision-tumor-of-choriocarcinoma-and-small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-stomach-a-case-report
#6
Shuichi Fukuda, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Tomoko Wakasa, Keisuke Inoue, Kotaro Kitani, Hajime Ishikawa, Masanori Tsujie, Masao Yukawa, Yoshio Ohta, Masatoshi Inoue
INTRODUCTION: Both gastric choriocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma are extremely rare, both accounting for approximately 0.1% of all gastric cancers. Therefore, simultaneous occurrence of gastric choriocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma is even rarer. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 84-year-old Japanese man was referred to our hospital with the chief complaint of dysphagia. Laboratory data showed iron deficiency anemia. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the abdomen revealed thickened wall of the stomach at the fundus and several enlarged abdominal lymph nodes...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703181/association-between-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-long-term-outcome-in-patients-with-drug-eluting-stent-implantation
#7
Rui Wang, Lei-Lei Chen, De-Zhao Wang, Bu-Xing Chen
To investigate the relationship between Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection and the long-term outcome in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation and so as to explore the significance of Hp eradication therapy in preventing major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). 539 ACS patients with DES implantation from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2012 were analyzed. All the patients were divided into two groups according to the result of (13)C urea breath test...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699947/fecal-occult-blood-testing-in-hospitalized-patients-with-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#8
Benji Mathews, Temple Ratcliffe, Raj Sehgal, James Abraham, Bradley Monash
A 47-year-old man with a history of alcohol abuse, cirrhosis, and grade II esophageal varices is admitted for treatment of alcohol withdrawal. He reports having some dark-colored stools a week prior to admission, but his stools since then have been normal in color. A repeat hemoglobin is stable, but a fecal occult blood test is positive. What should be done next?
July 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699175/long-term-health-outcomes-of-adults-with-mccune-albright-syndrome
#9
S C Wong, M Zacharin
CONTEXT: McCune Albright Syndrome (MAS) is associated with numerous health problems. Comprehensive long term health problems of adults with MAS are less well defined in the literature. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to report comprehensive health outcomes of adults with MAS (> 18 years). DESIGN: Retrospective case note review of 16 adults with MAS managed by one clinician. Results expressed as median (range) RESULTS: The study included 16 adults (7 males) with MAS...
July 12, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698419/-aortoesophageal-fistula-due-to-aortic-aneurysm-report-of-a-case
#10
Satoshi Yuhara, Takuya Kimura, Hideyuki Okawa, Hiroki Hasegawa, Jun Yokote, Yukifusa Yokoyama, Syuji Tamaki
A 77-year-old woman presented with general fatigue, was found to have anemia, and was referred to our hospital. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a submucosal elevated lesion with a bleeding site and debris at the middle thoracic esophagus. Enhanced computed tomography demonstrated a thoracic aortic aneurysm compressing the esophagus. She was diagnosed with an aorto-esophageal fistula due to the thoracic aortic aneurysm. Graft replacement was performed under partial extracorporeal circulation. Because the perforation of the esophagus was small, omental flap transposition was performed without esophagectomy...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697648/long-term-mortality-and-causes-of-death-in-endoscopically-verified-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-comparison-of-bleeding-patients-and-population-controls
#11
S Miilunpohja, J Jyrkkä, J M Kärkkäinen, H Kastarinen, M Heikkinen, H Paajanen, T Rantanen, Jek Hartikainen
OBJECTIVE: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a common emergency, with in-hospital mortality between 3 and 14%. However, the long-term mortality and causes of death are unknown. We investigated the long-term mortality and causes of death in UGIB patients in a retrospective single-centre case-control study design. METHODS: A total of 569 consecutive patients, aged ≥18 years, admitted to Kuopio University Hospital for their first endoscopically verified UGIB during the years 2009-2011 were identified from hospital records...
July 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678044/randomized-clinical-trial-the-impact-of-gastrointestinal-risk-factor-screening-and-prophylactic-proton-pump-inhibitor-therapy-in-patients-receiving-dual-antiplatelet-therapy
#12
Berit E S Jensen, Jane M Hansen, Kasper S Larsen, Anders B Junker, Jens F Lassen, Svend E Jensen, Ove B Schaffalitzky de Muckadell
OBJECTIVE: Dual antiplatelet therapy reduces the risk of ischemic complications after acute coronary syndrome, but increases the risk of bleeding including upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB).The aim of this study was to examine the effect of screening for risk of UGIB and prophylactic proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment in dual-antiplatelet-treated patients at risk of UGIB and to assess the significance of dual antiplatelet therapy compliance for cardiovascular events. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a register-based randomized-controlled trial, 2009 patients were included at the time of first percutaneous coronary intervention and randomized to either screening or control...
July 3, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677005/tumor-thrombosis-a-peculiar-finding-associated-with-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-a-pictorial-essay
#13
REVIEW
Riccardo De Robertis, Salvatore Paiella, Nicolò Cardobi, Luca Landoni, Paolo Tinazzi Martini, Silvia Ortolani, Giulia De Marchi, Stefano Gobbo, Alessandro Giardino, Giovanni Butturini, Giampaolo Tortora, Claudio Bassi, Mirko D'Onofrio
While abutment, encasement or vessel occlusion are identified in most patients with a pancreatic tumor, tumor thrombosis is an uncommon finding. In particular, there are no description in the literature of tumor thrombosis associated with ductal adenocarcinoma, the most common pancreatic tumor. On the other hand, surgical series reveal that tumor thrombosis is associated with about 5% of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PanNENs), and literature data suggest that this finding is frequently underreported on pre-operative imaging examinations...
July 4, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673695/comparison-of-four-scoring-systems-used-to-predict-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-the-emergency-room
#14
Yuedong Tang, Jie Shen, Feng Zhang, Xiaoyong Zhou, Zhongyan Tang, Tingting You
OBJECTIVE: Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a potentially life-threatening condition that requires rapid assessment in the emergency department (ED). We aimed to compare the performance of the AIMS65, Glasgow-Blatchford (Blatchford), preendoscopic Rockall (pre-Rockall), and preendoscopic Baylor bleeding (pre-Baylor) scores in predicting 30-day mortality in patients with acute UGIB in the ED setting. METHODS: Consecutive patients with acute UGIB who were admitted to the ED ward during 2012-2016 were retrospectively recruited...
June 27, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671382/antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-and-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#15
Bernard Noveloso, Berny Bastiampillai, Niharika Perni, Amanda Waterman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670597/solitary-polypoid-angiodysplastic-lesion-mimicking-a-tumor-in-the-jejunum
#16
Abhishek D Polavarapu, Mayurathan Kesavan, Vivek V Gumaste, Monika Wrzolek, Elias Purow
Small bowel bleeding should be considered in patients with overt or occult gastrointestinal hemorrhage after normal upper and lower endoscopic examination. Angiodysplasia appearing as multiple flat vascular tufts is the most common cause of small bowel bleeding in patients over 40 years old. Polypoid angiodysplasia, however, is extremely rare. This report illustrates a unique case of solitary polypoid angiodysplasia in the jejunum of an adult with chronic kidney disease, who presented with an occult gastrointestinal bleed...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666006/prevalence-of-and-risk-for-gastrointestinal-bleeding-and-peptic-ulcerative-disorders-in-a-cohort-of-hiv-patients-from-a-u-s-healthcare-claims-database
#17
Emily Bratton, Vani Vannappagari, Monica G Kobayashi
The primary study objectives were to estimate the frequencies and rates of gastrointestinal bleeding and peptic ulcerative disorder in HIV-positive patients compared with age- and sex-matched HIV-negative subjects. Data from a US insurance claims database was used for this analysis. Among 89,207 patients with HIV, 9.0% had a GI bleed, 1.0% had an upper gastrointestinal bleed, 5.6% had a lower gastrointestinal bleed, 1.9% had a peptic ulcerative disorder diagnosis, and 0.6% had both gastrointestinal/peptic ulcerative disorder...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665206/primary-aorto-enteric-fistula-as-a-rare-cause-of-massive-gastrointestinal-haemorrhage
#18
Christian-Alexander Behrendt, Sabine Wipper, Sebastian E Debus, Yskert von Kodolitsch, Klaus Püschel, Michael Kammal, Anna Kammal
The incidence of primary aorto-enteric fistula (PAEF) is low with only few case reports and case series published. Depending on the location of the PAEF, the perforation leads to upper or lower gastrointestinal haemorrhages. We conducted a MEDLINE search according to the PRISMA statement. Articles with publication dates from 2000 to 2016 were included and present an own case report. We considered all case reports and series reporting on PAEF and identified 85 individual patients from 32 case reports and five case series...
June 30, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659669/the-importance-of-rockall-scoring-system-for-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-long-term-follow-up
#19
Mehmet Abdussamet Bozkurt, Kıvanç Derya Peker, Mustafa Gökhan Unsal, Hakan Yırgın, İzzettin Kahraman, Halil Alış
The aim of the study is to examine the importance of Rockall scoring system in long-term setting to estimate re-bleeding and mortality rate due to upper gastrointestinal bleeding. A total of 321 patients who had been treated for upper gastrointestinal bleeding were recruited to the study. Patients' demographic and clinical data, the amount of blood transfusion, endoscopy results, and Rockall scores were retrieved from patients' charts. The re-bleeding, morbidity, and mortality rates were noted after 3 years of follow-up with telephone...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658836/upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-due-to-idiopathic-oesophageal-ulceration-in-the-era-of-haart-a-vanishing-yet-pernicious-aetiology
#20
Sofia Nigar, Tagore Sunkara, Mel A Ona, Vinaya Gaduputi, Madhavi Reddy
Oesophageal ulcers are a rare cause of upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding (GIB). In patients with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), oesophageal diseases including oesophageal ulcers are very common. Idiopathic Oesophageal Ulcers (IOU) comprises a subgroup of oesophageal ulcers with no identifiable cause. IOU mainly present as odynophagia, retrosternal chest pain, decreased oral intake, and weight loss. Upper GIB is a rare presentation. In the era of Highly Active Anti Retroviral Therapy (HAART), with improvement in CD4 count, this entity is almost forgotten...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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