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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652028/risk-factors-of-in-hospital-mortality-among-patients-with-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-and-acute-myocardial-infarction
#1
Lingjie He, Jianwei Zhang, Shutian Zhang
Background/Aims: Patients with simultaneous upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have higher mortality than patients with either GIB or AMI. We aimed to assess the incidence and risk factors of in-hospital mortality in patients with UGIB and AMI. Patients and Methods: A total of 243 patients with UGIB and AMI were enrolled during 2012-2017. Clinical and laboratory data were collected and analyzed for clinical characteristics and potential risk factors of in-hospital mortality...
April 13, 2018: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644032/severe-acute-gallstone-pancreatitis-with-diffuse-hemorrhagic-gastritis
#2
Timothy J Harris, William C Beck, Avi Bhavaraju, Benjamin Davis, Mary K Kimbrough, Joseph C Jensen, Anna Privratsky, John R Taylor, Kevin W Sexton
A 67-year-old male presented with acute pancreatitis secondary to gallstones, also known as acute biliary pancreatitis, and subsequently developed gastric outlet obstruction and was transferred to our hospital. A gastro-jejunal feeding tube was placed and an open cholecystectomy was performed. The patient had a pancreatic drain placed for interval increase in pancreatic necrosis and then nearly exsanguinated from gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm bleed. This was managed by coiling the gastroduodenal artery...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629057/etiology-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-children-referred-to-pediatric-wards-of-mashhad-hospitals-iran
#3
Seyed Ali Jafari, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Hamid Reza Kianifar, Mohammad Mansooripour, Elahe Heidari, Maryam Khalesi
Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, which has several clinical manifestation and origins, is known as one of the most life-threatening events in children. Several etiologies have been suggested for GI bleeding. Objective: To determine the most important causes of GI bleeding in children referred to Ghaem Hospital and Dr. Sheikh Hospital, Mashhad, Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, after obtaining written informed consent of their parents, 113 patients aging from newborn infants to 18-year-old children with GI bleeding admitted to Ghaem Hospital and Dr...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626014/glasgow-blatchford-score-and-risk-stratifications-in-acute-upper-gastrointestinal-bleed-can-we-extend-this-to-2-for-urgent-outpatient-management
#4
Kelly Chatten, Huw Purssell, Ashwini Kumar Banerjee, Stephanie Soteriadou, Yeng Ang
Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeds are a common presentation to emergency departments in the UK. The Glasgow Blatchford score (GBS) predicts the outcome of patients at presentation. Current UK and European guidelines recommend outpatient management for a GBS of 0. In the current study, our aim was to assess whether extending the GBS allows for early discharge while maintaining patient safety. We also analysed whether pathologies could be missed by discharging patients too early. Data were retrospectively collected on patients admitted with symptoms of an upper GI bleed between 1 October 2013 and 10 June 2016...
March 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619401/massive-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage-due-to-an-arterioenteric-fistula-from-a-hepatic-artery-pseudoaneurysm
#5
Nanae Takatori, Derek Patel
Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms are a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding with a high mortality rate. We report a case of a 37-year-old woman who presented with massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage and was found to have an arterioenteric fistula from a hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a 1.5-cm ulcer overlying a large mucosal bulge that compressed the lumen of the duodenal bulb. A vascular stent graft was placed successfully over the pseudoaneurysm neck. We report the first case of the unique intraluminal appearance of an enteric fistula related to a hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610020/pharmacological-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-due-to-angiodysplasias-a-position-paper-of-the-italian-society-of-gastroenterology-sige
#6
REVIEW
Gerardo Nardone, Debora Compare, Alberto Martino, Alba Rocco
Angioectasias (AD) belong to benign vascular malformations of the gastrointestinal tract and are responsible for about 4-7% of upper non variceal bleeding, 30-40% of small bowel occult bleeding and 3-40% of colonic bleeding episodes. Gastrointestinal haemorrhage secondary to AD represents an important diagnostic and therapeutic problem that negatively impacts on the quality of life of patients and heath care costs. Endoscopic interventions are the mainstay in both diagnosis and treatment of vascular malformations...
February 15, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607402/massive-ileal-bleeding-secondary-to-a-dieulafoy-s-lesion
#7
Aymeric Becq, Xavier Dray, Giulia Boarini
Dieulafoy's lesions are a rare cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. This article presents the case of a young woman presenting with a massive ileal bleeding, secondary to a Dieulafoy's lesion. A computed-tomography angiography scan showed an arterial bleeding in the ileum and the diagnosis was confirmed by an emergency peroperative enteroscopy. Surgical treatment was performed. Dieulafoy's lesions account for 1 % to 2 % of acute gastrointestinal bleeding and lesions are mostly located in the upper gastrointestinal tract...
April 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607305/gastric-antral-vascular-ectasia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Abdulrahman M Alkhormi, Muhammed Yousuf Memon, Abdullah Alqarawi
Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is a rare but an important cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) and commonly presents as occult bleeding that manifests as iron deficiency anemia (IDA). GAVE is commonly associated with chronic illnesses, most frequently liver cirrhosis and connective tissue diseases. The pathogenesis of GAVE is still obscure, and many hypotheses such as mechanical stress, hormonal factors, and autoimmune factors, have been proposed. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy has a major role in the diagnosis and treatment of GAVE...
March 2018: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601829/thirty-day-readmission-among-patients-with-non-variceal-upper-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage-and-effects-on-outcomes
#9
Marwan S Abougergi, Heather Peluso, John R Saltzan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We aimed to determine the rate of hospital readmission within 30 days of non-variceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (NVUGIH) and its impact on mortality, morbidity and healthcare utilization in the United States. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Readmission Database for the year 2014 (data on 14.9 million hospital stays at 2048 hospitals in 22 states)...
March 27, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601652/comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-between-variceal-and-non-variceal-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#10
Parul Tandon, Kirles Bishay, Stacey Fisher, Dominique Yelle, Ian Carrigan, Krista Wooller, Erin Kelly
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) in cirrhosis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and can be classified as acute variceal bleeding (AVB) or non-variceal bleeding (NVB). Differences in mortality, hospital length of stay (LOS) and 30-day readmission have yet to be determined. As such, we aimed to evaluate differences in these clinical outcomes in cirrhotic patients admitted with UGIB. METHODS: This retrospective study included all cirrhotic patients hospitalized for UGIB who underwent upper endoscopy from July 2014 to July 2016...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599508/the-association-between-red-blood-cell-transfusion-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#11
Yi-Chuan Chen, Cheng-Ting Hsiao, Leng-Chieh Lin, Kuang-Yu Hsiao, Ming-Szu Hung
BACKGROUND: The benefits of transfusion for acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) have not been well established; however, previous studies suggest that transfusion is associated with adverse outcomes. We performed an observational study using a 10-year database to analyze the association between red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and outcomes in patients with UGIB in the emergency department (ED). METHOD AND FINDINGS: All adult patients with UGIB were identified through diagnostic codes...
March 29, 2018: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590726/bleeding-peptic-ulcer-tertiary-center-experience-epidemiology-treatment-and-prognosis
#12
Ivan Budimir, Sanja Stojsavljević, Davor Hrabar, Dominik Kralj, Alen Bišćanin, Lora Stanka Kirigin, Mario Zovak, Žarko Babić, Sven Bohnec, Ivan Budimir
The aim of this study was to demonstrate epidemiological, clinical and endoscopic characteristics of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) with special reference to peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB). The study included 2198 consecutive patients referred to our emergency department due to acute UGIB from January 2008 to December 2012. All patients underwent urgent upper GI endoscopy within 24 hours of admission, and 842 patients diagnosed with PUB were enrolled and prospectively followed-up. The cumulative incidence of UGIB was 126/100,000 in the 5-year period...
December 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579885/intraoperative-heparinization-during-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplantation-is-it-really-necessary
#13
A Arjona-Sánchez, L Rodríguez-Ortiz, J M Sánchez-Hidalgo, J Ruiz Rabelo, J J Salamanca-Bustos, A Rodríguez-Benot, P Campos-Hernández, J Briceño-Delgado
INTRODUCTION: The use of intraoperative sodium heparin during simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT) remains as a routine practice in some referral centers to minimize pancreatic graft thrombosis rate. One of its disadvantages is the theoretical increased risk of postoperative bleeding. In our center, we have abandoned its use since 2011. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis among 198 SPKTs performed in our center between the years 1989 and 2017...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577056/an-overt-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleed-caused-by-a-primary-small-bowel-fibroblastic-reticular-cell-sarcoma
#14
Stephanie L Gold, Shirley Cohen-Mekelburg, Russell Rosenblatt, Jose Jessurun, Reem Sharaiha, Karim Halazun, David Wan
Small bowel bleeding should be considered in patients who continue to bleed despite a negative upper endoscopy and colonoscopy. The differential diagnosis of small bowel bleeding can include infection, inflammatory conditions, vascular malformations, and, rarely, malignancy. This report demonstrates a rare, primary, small bowel, reticular cell sarcoma presenting as an overt gastrointestinal bleed. These tumors are difficult to diagnose because they are rarely seen on traditional cross-sectional imaging and can present with multiple synchronous lesions throughout the intestinal tract...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575962/inhospital-and-delayed-mortality-after-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-an-analysis-of-risk-factors-in-a-prospective-series
#15
Rita Jiménez-Rosales, Francisco Valverde-López, Francisco Vadillo-Calles, Juan Gabriel Martínez-Cara, Mercedes López de Hierro, Eduardo Redondo-Cerezo
BACKGROUND: Detailed analyses of mortality after upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding are lacking. Follow-up rarely extends beyond 30 days. AIMS: Our aim was to analyze in-hospital and delayed 6-months mortality, identifying risk factors. METHODS: This was a prospective study on patients with upper GI bleeding over 36 months. Clinical outcomes were in-hospital and delayed-6 month-mortality. RESULTS: Four hundred and forty-none patients were included...
March 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573830/gastric-mucormycosis-in-a-liver-and-kidney-transplant-recipient-case-report-and-concise-review-of-literature
#16
G Alfano, F Fontana, D Francesca, G Assirati, P Magistri, G Tarantino, R Ballarin, G Rossi, E Franceschini, M Codeluppi, G Guaraldi, C Mussini, F Di Benedetto, G Cappelli
Mucormycosis is an uncommonly encountered fungal infection in solid organ transplantation. The infection is severe and often results in a fatal outcome. The most common presentations are rhino-sino-orbital and pulmonary disease. We describe a rare case of gastric mucormycosis in a patient with a combined liver-kidney transplant affected by glycogen storage disease type Ia. A 42-year-old female patient presented with gastric pain and melena 26 days after transplantation. Evaluation with upper endoscopy showed two bleeding gastric ulcers...
March 22, 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570557/the-use-and-safety-of-a-novel-haemostatic-spray-in-the-endoscopic-management-of-acute-non-variceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-children
#17
Mike Thomson, Arun Urs, Priya Narula, Prithviraj Rao, Dalia Belsha
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Advanced endo-haemostatic technique performance and experience is extremely variable in distribution amongst pediatric endoscopists. Haemostatic spray (Hemospray®), a novel endo-haemostatic topically applied powder has the advantage of extreme ease of use and; hence may lower the threshold of competency required by the endoscopist thereby potentially reducing mortality. The aim of the study is to prospectively evaluate the efficacy and the safety of haemostatic spray in paediatric patients with AUGIB...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564071/rare-finding-of-concomitant-pseudomelanosis-of-stomach-and-duodenum-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Tagore Sunkara, Megan E Caughey, Vinaya Gaduputi
Melanosis of the stomach and duodenum is a rare entity and a striking finding diagnosed by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Here, we describe the case of an 83-year-old female, with a complicated medical history, who was referred to gastroenterologist to assess bleeding risk. From the endoscopy, it was determined that she had both melanosis gastri and duodeni. Although both are rare, gastric melanosis appears to be even more unusual than duodenal melanosis, with only a few reported cases documented in the literature thus far...
2018: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561969/liver-transplantation-in-hepatitis-delta-south-america-experience
#19
Daniel Souza Lima, Abdon José Murad Júnior, Márcio Alencar Barreira, Guilherme Cardoso Fernandes, Gustavo Rego Coelho, José Huygens Parente Garcia
BACKGROUND: The Amazon region is one of the main endemic areas of hepatitis delta in the world and the only one related to the presence of genotype 3 of the delta virus. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the profile, mortality and survival of cirrhotic patients submitted to liver transplantation for chronic hepatitis delta virus and compare with those transplanted by hepatitis B virus monoinfection. METHODS: Retrospective, observational and descriptive study...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548729/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-improves-survival-and-functional-outcome-of-acute-severe-intracerebral-hemorrhage-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Xiaowei Li, Jingze Li, Xuehui Yang, Zhaosheng Sun, Jinrong Zhang, Wangmiao Zhao, Shuzhi Dong, Cong Li, Yanqiao Ye, Jianchao Chen, Yongqian Li, Yi Xiang, Jianhui Mao, Guangjie Li, Hong Guo, Wenchao Zhang, Hao Guo, Yazhao Zhang, Mingzhe Zhang, Wanzeng Zhang, Zhanyi Xu, Baoshuai Zhao, Jianhui Wei, Gengshui Zhao, Ronghua Ma, Xiuzhi Shen, Chunyan Ge, Cunling Zheng, Shang Li, Yan Wang
BACKGROUND: Prognosis of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) remains poor worldwide. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effect and optimal protocol for hyperbaric-oxygen therapy (HBOT), and reduce incidence of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) in ICH. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, controlled trial included 565 patients with acute severe ICH. Participants were randomly assigned to a sham-control group (Group A) and four intervention groups: Groups B and C with 2...
March 13, 2018: Archives of Medical Research
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