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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231629/the-evaluation-of-physical-activity-for-community-dwelling-patients-with-hypertension
#1
Chunhua Ma
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to evaluate the proportion of Chinese patients with hypertension who meet the Chinese Hypertension Management Guideline recommendations for weekly physical activity and to determine possible associated factors that impact meeting the weekly physical activity recommendation. BACKGROUND: Accurate evaluation of physical activity levels for hypertensive patients is important to determine patients' health outcomes and intervention measures...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230776/effects-and-side-effects-of-using-sorafenib-and-sunitinib-in-the-treatment-of-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma
#2
REVIEW
Caroline Randrup Hansen, Daniela Grimm, Johann Bauer, Markus Wehland, Nils E Magnusson
In recent years, targeted therapies have proven beneficial in terms of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). The tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) sorafenib and sunitinib are included in international clinical guidelines as first-line and second-line therapy in mRCC. Hypertension is an adverse effect of these drugs and the degree of hypertension associates with the anti-tumour effect. Studies have compared newer targeted drugs to sorafenib and sunitinib in terms of PFS, OS, quality of life and safety profiles...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230062/triple-combination-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-hypertension-a-review-of-the-evidence
#3
REVIEW
R Düsing, B Waeber, M Destro, C Santos Maia, P Brunel
Hypertension is a serious public health concern with inadequate control of blood pressure (BP) worldwide. Contributing factors include low efficacy of drugs, underuse of combination therapies, irrational combinations, physicians' therapeutic inertia and poor adherence to treatment. Current guidelines recommend the use of initial (dual) combination therapy in high-risk patients for immediate BP response, better short- and long-term BP control, and continued/improved patient adherence. This article aims to review the existing evidence of triple-combination therapies with respect to efficacy, safety and adherence to treatment...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229053/large-artery-stiffness-assessment-using-sphygmocor-technology
#4
REVIEW
Mark Butlin, Ahmad Qasem
Large artery stiffness assessment has been an integral part of the SphygmoCor technology since 1998. Aortic stiffness is approximated with non-invasive measurement of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, with improvements made with time to make the assessment procedure quicker and more user independent. Also standard in the devices is the ability to reliably calculate the central aortic waveform shape from a peripheral pressure waveform from either the brachial or radial artery. This waveform contains much information beyond peak and trough (systolic and diastolic pressure)...
January 2017: Pulse (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228940/beneficial-effects-of-nonpharmacological-interventions-in-the-management-of-essential-hypertension
#5
REVIEW
Anastasios Vamvakis, Eugenia Gkaliagkousi, Areti Triantafyllou, Eleni Gavriilaki, Stella Douma
Essential hypertension is a major health problem causing excess cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Management of essential hypertension consists of pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. In order to prevent and/or treat hypertension, parameters like nutrition, body weight, and physical exercise should be evaluated and taken under consideration for improvement. A large body of evidence clearly support that the role of salt, alcohol, fruits, and vegetables is important for high blood pressure...
January 2017: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227784/an-analytics-based-clinical-decision-support-system-for-cvd-risk-assessment-and-management
#6
Shreya Anand, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy, Shreya Anand, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy, Shreya Anand, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of disability and premature death throughout the world. Acute coronary events and other cardiovascular events frequently occur suddenly, and are often fatal before medical care can be given. Risk factor modification can reduce clinical events and premature death in people with established cardiovascular disease as well as in those who are at high cardiovascular risk due to one or more risk factors. In this work, India specific World Health Organization-International Society of Hypertension (WHO-ISH) guidelines has been implemented to stratify the subjects by their risk profile...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224974/differences-in-outcomes-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease-managed-by-cardiologists-versus-non-cardiologists-the-international-prospective-clarify-registry
#7
Zofia Parma, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Nicola Greenlaw, Roberto Ferrari, Ian Ford, Kim Fox, Jean-Claude Tardif, Joao Morais, Marco Alcocer Gamba, Stefan Kääb, Michał Tendera
INTRODUCTION    Clinical outcomes of patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) may differ between those primarily managed by cardiologists versus non-cardiologists.  OBJECTIVES    Our main objective was to analyze the clinical outcomes of outpatients with SCAD in relation to the specialty of the managing physicians.  PATIENTS AND METHODS    We studied 32,468 outpatients with SCAD included in the CLARIFY registry, with up to 4 years follow-up data. Cardiologists provided medical care in 84...
January 20, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221197/physical-activity-and-cognitive-function-among-older-adults-with-hypertension
#8
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the specific association between physical activity and cognitive function among a national sample of the broader US adult population with evidence of systemic hypertension. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to identify 1554 older adults, aged 60-85 years, with evidence of hypertension. The Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST) was used to assess cognitive function tasks of pairing and free recall among participants...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220607/neurological-and-spinal-manifestations-of-the-ehlers-danlos-syndromes
#9
Fraser C Henderson, Claudiu Austin, Edward Benzel, Paolo Bolognese, Richard Ellenbogen, Clair A Francomano, Candace Ireton, Petra Klinge, Myles Koby, Donlin Long, Sunil Patel, Eric L Singman, Nicol C Voermans
The Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a heterogeneous group of heritable connective tissue disorders characterized by joint hypermobility, skin extensibility, and tissue fragility. This communication briefly reports upon the neurological manifestations that arise including the weakness of the ligaments of the craniocervical junction and spine, early disc degeneration, and the weakness of the epineurium and perineurium surrounding peripheral nerves. Entrapment, deformation, and biophysical deformative stresses exerted upon the nervous system may alter gene expression, neuronal function and phenotypic expression...
February 21, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219595/comparison-of-post-liver-transplantation-outcomes-in-portopulmonary-hypertension-and-pulmonary-venous-hypertension-a-single-center-experience
#10
P Rajaram, A Parekh, M Fisher, J Kempker, R Subramanian
BACKGROUND: In potential liver transplant candidates, pulmonary vascular diseases, including portopulmonary hypertension (PoPH) and pulmonary venous hypertension (PVH), can be associated with high morbidity and mortality. Although there are clear guidelines regarding management and transplant listing criteria for patients with PoPH, the listing criteria for PVH are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe and compare the perioperative and postoperative morbidity and mortality associated with PoPH and PVH in patients undergoing liver transplantation...
March 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216288/home-automated-office-and-conventional-office-blood-pressure-as-predictors-of-cardiovascular-risk
#11
Emmanuel A Andreadis, Vasilios Papademetriou, Charalampia V Geladari, George N Kolyvas, Epameinondas T Angelopoulos, Konstantinos N Aronis
Automated office blood pressure (AOBP) has recently been shown to closely predict cardiovascular (CV) events in the elderly. Home blood pressure (HBP) has also been accepted as a valuable method in the prediction of CV disease. This study aimed to compare conventional office BP (OBP), HBP, and AOBP in order to evaluate their value in predicting CV events and deaths in hypertensives. We assessed 236 initially treatment naïve hypertensives, examined between 2009 and 2013. The end points were any CV and non-CV event including mortality, myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, hospitalization for heart failure, severe arrhythmia, stroke, and intermittent claudication...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215381/intervention-effects-on-latinas-physical-activity-and-other-health-indicators
#12
Guadalupe X Ayala, Marisa Molina, Hala Madanat, Jeanne F Nichols, Thomas L McKenzie, Ming Ji, Margarita Holguin, Lisa Cuestas, Caryn Sumek, Carolina Labarca, Sandra Elvira, Elva M Arredondo, John P Elder
INTRODUCTION: U.S. Latinas do not engage in sufficient leisure-time physical activity. This study examined whether adding promotor-facilitated healthy lifestyle classes to an exercise intervention would promote exercise session attendance and improve health indicators. METHODS: The Familias Sanas y Activas II (Healthy and Active Families II) study used a within-subjects, longitudinal design, with measures at baseline and at 6 and 12 months post-baseline. The intervention was developed by the San Diego Prevention Research Center and implemented between May 2011 and June 2014 in South San Diego County...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212407/epidemiology-of-low-proteinuric-chronic-kidney-disease-in-renal-clinics
#13
Luca De Nicola, Michele Provenzano, Paolo Chiodini, Silvio Borrelli, Luigi Russo, Antonio Bellasi, Domenico Santoro, Giuseppe Conte, Roberto Minutolo
CKD patients with low-grade proteinuria (LP) are common in nephrology clinics. However, prevalence, characteristics, and the competing risks of ESRD and death as the specific determinants, are still unknown. We analyzed epidemiological features of LP status in a prospective cohort of 2,340 patients with CKD stage III-V referred from ≥6 months in 40 nephrology clinics in Italy. LP status was defined as proteinuria <0.5 g/24h according to current KDIGO guidelines. Patients with higher proteinuria constituted the control group (CON)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212051/-99m-tc-mag3-image-wisely
#14
Andrew T Taylor, Russell D Folks, A K M Fazlur Rahman, Aruna Polsani, Eva V Dubovsky, Raghuveer Halkar, Amita Manatunga
Purpose To determine if commonly administered doses of technetium 99m ((99m)Tc) mertiatide (MAG3) in the range of 300-370 MBq (approximately 8-10 mCi) contribute to image interpretation and justify the resulting radiation exposure. Materials and Methods The respective institutional review boards approved this HIPAA-compliant study and waived informed consent. Baseline and furosemide (99m)Tc-MAG3 imaging examinations in 50 patients suspected of having renal obstruction and 48 patients suspected of having renovascular hypertension (RVH) were randomly selected from archived databases and were independently scored by three experienced readers without access to 2-second flow images...
February 17, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210974/mobile-health-mhealth-technology-for-the-management-of-hypertension-and-hyperlipidemia-slow-start-but-loads-of-potential
#15
REVIEW
Hasan Rehman, Ayeesha K Kamal, Pamela B Morris, Saleem Sayani, Anwar T Merchant, Salim S Virani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypertension and hyperlipidemia represent two major risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Mobile health or mHealth is defined as the use of mobile phone and wireless technologies to support the achievement of health objectives. Management of hypertension, and to some extent hyperlipidemia, has often employed mHealth interventions given lower cost and greater patient engagement compared to traditional methods. These interventions include the use of text messaging, wireless devices, and mobile phone applications...
March 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209334/pregnancy-in-chronic-kidney-disease-and-kidney-transplantation
#16
REVIEW
Philip Webster, Liz Lightstone, Dianne B McKay, Michelle A Josephson
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects up to 6% of women of childbearing age in high income countries, and is estimated to affect 3% of pregnant women. Advanced renal dysfunction, proteinuria, hypertension, and poorly controlled underlying primary renal disease are all significant risks for adverse maternal, fetal, and renal outcomes. In order to achieve the best outcomes, it is therefore of paramount importance that these pregnancies are planned, where possible, to allow the opportunity to counsel women and their partners in advance and to optimize these risks...
February 13, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208907/current-practice-of-hypertension-in-india-focus-on-blood-pressure-goals
#17
Jagdish S Hiremath, Vijay M Katekhaye, Vijay S Chamle, Rishi M Jain, Amit I Bhargava
INTRODUCTION: Recommended Blood Pressure (BP) goals in elderly and those with co-morbid conditions like Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) vary in different Hypertension (HTN) management guidelines. AIM: To understand currently followed BP goals and practices among the physicians involved in management of HTN in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational survey was conducted at 66(th) annual conference of Cardiological Society of India (CSICON-2014, Hyderabad)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208049/guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-hypertension-in-adults-2016
#18
Genevieve M Gabb, Arduino A Mangoni, Leonard Arnolda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208048/guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-hypertension-in-adults-2016
#19
Anthony Rodgers, Clara K Chow, Rodney T Jackson, Anushka Patel, Tim Usherwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205373/pulmonary-hypertension-in-connective-tissue-diseases-an-update
#20
REVIEW
Ramya Aithala, Anoop G Alex, Debashish Danda
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a relatively commoner complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc) with estimated prevalence ranging between 8% and 12% as compared to much lower figures in other connective tissue diseases (CTD). It is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in CTDs. PH is classified into five major groups. CTD-associated PH belongs to group 1 PH, also known as pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Around 30% of scleroderma-related deaths are due to PAH. Underlying pathogenesis is related to pulmonary vasculopathy involving small vessels...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
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