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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208884/effect-of-sleep-hygiene-education-on-sleep-quality-in-hemodialysis-patients
#1
Farzaneh Soleimani, Hossein Motaarefi, Ali Hasanpour-Dehkordi
INTRODUCTION: Sleep is referred a regular, recurring and easily revocable state of organism which is characterized by relative immobility and significant increase in response threshold to environmental stimuli. Sleep disorders are common among haemodialysis patients. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of sleep hygiene education on sleep quality in haemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a randomized controlled clinical trial...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182818/alternative-strategies-for-central-venous-stenosis-and-occlusion-in-patients-requiring-haemodialysis-access
#2
Keith Koh, Ye Xin Koh, Edward Tc Choke, John Cc Wang, Ch'ng Jack Kian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165579/a-national-appraisal-of-haemodialysis-vascular-access-provision-in-scotland
#3
Scott W Oliver, Jacqueline Campbell, David B Kingsmore, Ram Kasthuri, Wendy Metcalfe, Jamie P Traynor, Denis Fischbacher-Smith, Alan G Jardine, Peter C Thomson
PURPOSE: Published registry data demonstrate longstanding variation in the utilisation of different vascular access (VA) modalities between Scottish renal units; this may reflect different clinical processes between centres. A comprehensive appraisal was undertaken to understand the processes underpinning VA creation and maintenance across Scotland. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was utilised. Fifty-two semi-structured interviews were conducted with patients and clinicians in all ten, adult and paediatric, Scottish renal units...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104386/haemagglutinin-and-neuraminidase-sequencing-delineate-nosocomial-influenza-outbreaks-with-accuracy-equivalent-to-whole-genome-sequencing
#4
Rebecca Houghton, Joanna Ellis, Monica Galiano, Tristan W Clark, Sarah Wyllie
OBJECTIVES: We describe haemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) sequencing in an apparent cross-site influenza A(H1N1) outbreak in renal transplant and haemodialysis patients, confirmed with whole genome sequencing (WGS). METHODS: Isolates were sequenced from influenza positive individuals. Phylogenetic trees were constructed using HA and NA sequencing and subsequently WGS. Sequence data was analysed to determine genetic relatedness of viruses obtained from inpatient and outpatient cohorts and compared with epidemiological outbreak information...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100952/gangrene-of-the-hand-following-a-haemodialysis-access-lessons-to-be-learnt
#5
Gaurav Aggarwal, Samiran Das Adhikary
Renal replacement therapy is a "way of life" for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and haemodialysis forms their "lifeline". Haemodialysis access, via a small surgery, to anastomose an artery and a vein in the arm or forearm, is the universally accepted standard of care. However, even this minor surgical intervention can lead to devastating complications without adequate pre-operative evaluation and apt intra-operative decision making. The following article pictorically exemplifies the most dreaded complication of a gangrenous hand as well as highlights the lessons to be learnt, in order to avoid this infirmity...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077410/health-policies-on-dialysis-modality-selection-a-nationwide-population-cohort-study
#6
Yi-Chun Lin, Yen-Chung Lin, Chih-Chin Kao, Hsi-Hsien Chen, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Mai-Szu Wu
OBJECTIVES: In Taiwan, peritoneal dialysis (PD) and haemodialysis are fully accessible to patients with end-stage renal disease. However, the usage of PD is considered low in Taiwan. Since 2005, 4 major policies have been implemented by Taiwan's Ministry of Health and Welfare, namely a multidisciplinary predialysis care programme and usage increasing the PD incidence as a key performance indicator (KPI) for hospital accreditation, both of which were implemented in 2006; reimbursement of the glucose-free dialysate, icodextrin that was implemented in 2007; and insurance reimbursement for renting automated PD machines that was implemented in 2008...
January 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067935/hepatitis-b-vaccination-in-haemodialysis-patients-an-underestimated-problem-factors-influencing-immune-responses-in-ten-years-of-observation-in-an-italian-haemodialysis-centre-and-literature-review
#7
E Cordova, I Miglia, F Festuccia, M G Sarlo, G Scornavacca, G Punzo, P Menè, C Fofi
OBJECTIVES: Despite universal infection control precautions, the risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in patients on chronic haemodialysis (HD) remains high. For this reason anti-HBV vaccination is recommended in these subjects. In hemodialyzed patients vaccinal response is often suboptimal and it's not clear what factors may influence it. STUDY DESIGN: The aim of our study is to assess the influence of some clinical and laboratory factors on seroconversion rate after anti HBV vaccination in a cohort of patients on maintenance HD...
January 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043216/hybrid-haemodialysis-vascular-access-salvage
#8
Maja Potisek, Tomaž Ključevšek, Boštjan Leskovar
A well-functioning vascular access is essential for successful haemodialysis in patients with end-stage kidney failure. Sometimes, when we have exploited all conventional ways of vascular access salvage, we have to find a unique solution to preserve it.
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January 3, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004167/ultrasound-guided-angioplasty-of-dysfunctional-vascular-access-for-haemodialysis-the-pros-and-cons
#9
J García-Medina, J J García-Alfonso
PURPOSE: To describe the benefits and the disadvantages of angioplasty in dialysis fistulas using only ultrasound guidance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study in 132 failing or non-maturing arteriovenous accesses that underwent 189 ultrasound-guided balloon angioplasties. The technical success was defined as non-use of X-ray fluoroscopy during the procedure. RESULTS: 127 procedures (67%) were successfully completed without fluoroscopy...
December 21, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951548/selecting-patients-for-home-haemodialysis-modality
#10
Andrew Davenport
Home haemodialysis offers many advantages in that patients take active control of their own health care and have the ability to determine when and how they dialyse. However, in order to develop and maintain a viable home haemodialysis program there has to be a balance between overenthusiastic evangelism and being too conservative in offering patients home haemodialysis. Ideally, preparation for home haemodialysis takes place prior to the need to start dialysis, with educational sessions, discussion with current home haemodialysis patients, and creation of an established vascular access...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884849/access-hd-pilot-a-randomised-feasibility-trial-comparing-catheters-with-fistulas-in-elderly-patients-starting-haemodialysis
#11
Robert Quinn, Pietro Ravani
INTRODUCTION: The selection of the type of vascular access for haemodialysis is an important intervention question. However, only observational studies are available to inform decision-making in this area, and they are at high risk of selection bias. While a clinical trial comparing the effects of the 2 most frequently chosen strategies for haemodialysis access (fistulas and catheters) on patient important and 'hard' clinical end points is needed, the feasibility of such a trial is uncertain...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819399/cytomegalovirus-encephalitis-in-a-hemodialysis-patient-a-rare-association
#12
Alberto Vera, Pablo Ruano, Esther Ortega, Borja Quiroga
Haemodialysis patients are at greater risk of infections than individuals not on dialysis due to their immunosuppressive state caused by several factors (uraemia, vascular access, inflammation, malnutrition). However, infections affecting the central nervous system are not frequent in this population. We present the case of a 77-year-old man with end-stage renal disease who was admitted to the emergency department for a decreased level of consciousness and fever. Although the initial clinical suspicion oriented to a urinary infection, the lack of improvement forced us to perform a lumbar puncture...
November 7, 2016: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739573/arteriovenous-access-ischemic-steal-avais-in-haemodialysis-a-consensus-from-the-charing-cross-vascular-access-masterclass-2016
#13
Nicholas Inston, Harry Schanzer, Matthias Widmer, Colin Deane, Jason Wilkins, Ingemar Davidson, Paul Gibbs, Jeurgen Zanow, Pierre Bourquelot, Domenico Valenti
Arteriovenous access ischaemic steal (AVAIS) is a serious and not infrequent complication of vascular access. Pathophysiology is key to diagnosis, investigation and management. Ischaemia distal to an AV access is due to multiple factors. Clinical steal is not simply blood diversion but pressure changes within the adapted vasculature with distal hypoperfusion and resultant poor perfusion pressures in the distal extremity. Reversal of flow within the artery distal to the AV access may be seen but this is not associated with ischaemia in most cases...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734108/complications-of-intravascular-catheters-in-icu-definitions-incidence-and-severity-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-usual-transparent-dressings-versus-new-generation-dressings-the-advanced-study
#14
Silvia Calviño Günther, Carole Schwebel, Rebecca Hamidfar-Roy, Agnès Bonadona, Maxime Lugosi, Claire Ara-Somohano, Clémence Minet, Leïla Potton, Jean-Charles Cartier, Aurelien Vésin, Magalie Chautemps, Lenka Styfalova, Stephane Ruckly, Jean-François Timsit
PURPOSE: To describe all post-insertion complications involving most used intravascular access, and to determine whether the use of a new-generation transparent dressing (3M™ IV Advanced) might reduce their number and impact on ICU patient outcomes. METHODS: Patients older than 18, with an expected length of stay ≥48 h and requiring at least one central venous catheter (CVC), arterial catheter (AC), haemodialysis catheter (HDC), pulmonary arterial catheters (PAC) or peripheral venous catheter (PVC) were randomized into two groups: a new-generation transparent dressing, or the hospital's classical transparent dressing, and were followed daily for any infectious and non-infectious complications...
November 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723253/a-comprehensive-renal-vascular-access-clinic-results-in-improved-patient-outcomes-and-reduced-costs
#15
Shannon D Thomas, Eugenia C Ip, Nedal Katib, Debbie Pugh, Andrew Lennox, Zoltan Endre, Elaine Tan, Chris Ellery, Ramon L Varcoe
BACKGROUND: Management of vascular access for haemodialysis is a leading cause of morbidity and hospitalization in patients with end-stage renal disease. We sought to evaluate the change in admission and procedural outcomes before and after the establishment of a vascular surgeon-led comprehensive renal vascular access clinic (RVAC). METHOD: A retrospective clinical study was conducted after an RVAC was established in January 2013, with retrospective database created for the 24-month period prior to and after...
October 9, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684071/arterio-venous-fistula-is-it-critical-for-prolonged-survival-in-the-over-80-s-starting-haemodialysis
#16
Adam D Jakes, Poonam Jani, Victoria Allgar, Archie Lamplugh, Ahmed Zeidan, Sunil Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Dialysis in elderly patients (>80-years-old) carries a poor prognosis, but little is known about the most effective vascular access method in this age group. An arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is both time-consuming and initially expensive, requiring surgical insertion. A central venous catheter (CVC) is initially a cheaper alternative, but carries a higher risk of infection. We examined whether vascular access affected 1-year and 2-year mortality in elderly patients commencing haemodialysis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679720/the-impact-of-haemodialysis-arteriovenous-fistula-on-haemodynamic-parameters-of-the-cardiovascular-system
#17
Carlo Basile, Luigi Vernaglione, Francesco Casucci, Pasquale Libutti, Piero Lisi, Luigi Rossi, Valentina Vigo, Carlo Lomonte
BACKGROUND: Satisfactory vascular access flow (Qa) of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is necessary for haemodialysis (HD) adequacy. The aim of the present study was to further our understanding of haemodynamic modifications of the cardiovascular system of HD patients associated with an AVF. The main objective was to calculate using real data in what way an AVF influences the load of the left ventricle (LLV). METHODS: All HD patients treated in our dialysis unit and bearing an AVF were enrolled into the present observational cross-sectional study...
October 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663114/examining-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-haemodialysis-a-feasibility-open-trial
#18
Ramony Chan, Blake F Dear, Nick Titov, Josephine Chow, Michael Suranyi
OBJECTIVE: Treating depression among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is imperative because of its high prevalence and health-related costs. However, many patients with CKD experience significant barriers to effective face-to-face psychological treatments. Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) may help overcome the treatment barriers. The aim of the present study was to explore the acceptability and preliminary efficacy of iCBT for depression and anxiety among patients with CKD on haemodialysis...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630890/all-that-glitters-is-not-gold-all-unilateral-oedema-is-not-dvt
#19
Ashwal Adamane Jayaram, Padmakumar Ramachandran, Tom Devasiya, Abdul Razak Uddina Kumeri, Umesh Pai
Innominate vein stenosis or thrombotic occlusion can occur in dialysis patients. Central vein stenosis is a common problem in patients on dialysis. Placement of a central vein catheter for dialysis access increases the risk of central vein stenosis. Central vein stenosis sometimes can jeopardize the arteriovenous fistula and arteriovenous graft in the ipsilateral extremity unless recognized early and treated. We describe three patients with left innominate vein stenosis who were known case of chronic kidney disease on haemodialysis and had a left brachio-cephalic fistula and presented with unilateral facial and upper limb oedema...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630843/microbiology-of-non-tunnelled-catheter-related-infections
#20
Shefali Gupta, Shrikara P Mallya, Ashok Bhat, Shrikala Baliga
INTRODUCTION: Aerobic bacterial infections often complicate vascular access in patients receiving haemodialysis, leading to Catheter-Related Blood Stream Infections (CRBSI). Various studies report Gram - positive bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in particular, as the most common aetiologic agent. Studies on microbiological analysis in this subset of population from India are very few. AIM: To examine clinical and bacteriological profiles of haemodialysis patients developing CRBSI, the antibiotic susceptibility of the bacteria isolated from these patients and determine nasal carriage of S...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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