Read by QxMD icon Read

Fertility preservation oncology

M W Beckmann, R Dittrich, S Findeklee, L Lotz
Introduction: The removal of ovarian tissue prior to starting oncologic treatment and the subsequent transplantation of this tissue after completing therapy have become increasingly important surgical fertility-preserving techniques. The aim of this review was to investigate the different surgical techniques used for this method reported in the literature to date and to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the respective techniques. Review: A search was done in MEDLINE using a defined algorithm to find studies published between January 2004 and December 2015...
October 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
Victoria Grèze, Florence Brugnon, Fanny Chambon, Pascale Halle, Michel Canis, Clotilde Amiot, Anne-Sophie Grémeau, Bruno Pereira, Yania Yáñez Peralta, Andrei Tchirkov, Justyna Kanold
BACKGROUND: Ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC) is the only option available to preserve fertility in prepubertal females with neuroblastoma (NB), a childhood solid tumor that can spread to the ovaries, with a risk of reintroducing malignant cells after an ovarian graft. PROCEDURE: We set out to determine whether the analysis of TH (tyrosine hydroxylase), PHOX2B (paired-like homeobox 2b), and DCX (doublecortin) transcripts using quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) could be used to detect NB contamination in ovarian tissue...
October 12, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Yanling Feng, Tiefeng Cao, Yin Wang, He Huang, Yujie Xie, Jihong Liu
The average age when cervical cancer is diagnosed is decreasing, resulting in a larger proportion of patients seeking fertility preservation. Therefore, a less radical approach that aims to preserve the potential for fertility during the treatment of cervical carcinoma is crucial. The present study reported a case of a patient with stage IB2 cervical cancer who exhibited pathological complete regression to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). This patient underwent deep cervical conization and laparoscopic lymphadenectomy to preserve her fertility...
October 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Javier Domingo, Juan A Garcia-Velasco
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It is necessary to clarify the fertility preservation-related points of concern that often frighten patients or physicians when it comes to deciding about oocyte cryopreservation for fertility preservation, which are often perceived as procedure limitations, are sometimes real and often theoretical and may make the prognosis worse. RECENT FINDINGS: Letrozole added to gonadotrophins for controlled ovarian stimulation is safe when applied to hormone-sensitive cancer patients as it avoids associated high estradiol levels...
September 28, 2016: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
Seline Tam, Natasha Puri, Derek Stephens, Laura Mitchell, Meredith Giuliani, Janet Papadakos, Abha A Gupta
Adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients under 40 should be made aware of their fertility risks and preservation options throughout their care. However, discussions on fertility preservation (FP) do not routinely occur. With a dearth of FP resources, oncology providers may lack knowledge around FP. Thus, informational needs can be unmet, leading to anxiety and distress in patients. Provision of pertinent and timely information can help patients cope better with their diagnosis. FP pamphlets were developed for men and women with cancer...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Michaël Grynberg, Jade Parker, Sebastian Dennis-Beron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Future Oncology
P Rema, Iqbal Ahmed
There is a rising incidence of early cervical cancer in young patients as a result of screening and early detection. Treatment of cervical cancer by surgery or radiotherapy results in permanent infertility which affects the quality of life of cancer survivors. Now with improved survival rates among early cervical cancer patients, conservative surgery aiming at fertility preservation in those desiring future pregnancy is an accepted treatment. Conservative surgery is possible in early cervical cancer including micro invasive cancer and stage IB cancers less than 2 cm...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Petra L M Zusterzeel, Fraukje J M Pol, Maaike van Ham, Ronald P Zweemer, Ruud L M Bekkers, Leon F A G Massuger, René H M Verheijen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate consecutive vaginal radical trachelectomies (VRTs) in early-stage cervical cancer in the 2 main referral centers for fertility-preserving surgery in the Netherlands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Oncology, fertility, and obstetrical data were recorded in a regional database of all VRTs without neoadjuvant chemotherapy performed in 2 major referral centers between 2000 and 2015. RESULTS: Most of the patients (91.7%) had stage IB1 disease...
September 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Geneviève Bouchard-Fortier, Raymond H Kim, Lisa Allen, Abha Gupta, Taymaa May
OBJECTIVE: To report three cases of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS) of the cervix in young women successfully treated with fertility-sparing surgery and chemotherapy. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2015, three cases of ERMS of the cervix were confirmed in young women at a single tertiary cancer center. All cases were managed by a pediatric oncologist and a gynecologic oncologist with a combination of surgery and chemotherapy. Fertility-sparing surgeries (cervical conization or robotic-assisted radical trachelectomy) were offered to patients depending on the tumor size...
November 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
Ana M S Silva, Sara Correia, João E Casalta-Lopes, Ana C Mamede, José E B Cavaco, Maria F Botelho, Sílvia Socorro, Cláudio J Maia
AIMS: Regucalcin (RGN), a protein broadly expressed in the male reproductive tract, has shown to have beneficial effects on spermatogenesis suppressing chemical-induced apoptosis. This study aimed to evaluate whether RGN overexpression ameliorates the spermatogenic phenotype after radiation treatment. MAIN METHODS: Transgenic rats overexpressing RGN (Tg-RGN) and their wild-type (Wt) counterparts were exposed to a single dose of X-rays (6Gy), and at ten weeks after irradiation, the testicular status and the epididymal sperm parameters were evaluated...
September 9, 2016: Life Sciences
Tamara Diesch, Nicolas Xavier von der Weid, Gabor Szinnai, Sabine Schaedelin, Christian De Geyter, Alicia Rovó
Fertility preservation (FP) is an important topic of discussion in the field of oncology, particularly in pediatric oncology. Despite the awareness of severe impact of infertility on quality of life and different guidelines available in this area, the options in FP are not routinely discussed with the pediatric cancer patients and their parents. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first survey report concerned to FP counseling and procedures in pediatric and adolescent cancer patients in Switzerland. This survey was conducted from June 2014 to October 2014 on the counseling and procedures performed between 2009 and 2013; the questionnaire was completed by one of the professional from hematology/oncology centers in Switzerland...
October 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
Nikolaos Thomakos, Sofia-Paraskevi Trachana, Miona Davidovic-Grigoraki, Alexandros Rodolakis
Cancer of the uterine cervix, following breast cancer, is the second leading cause of death among gynecological cancers in the developed world. Traditionally, surgical management of early-stage cervical carcinoma is considered as a "sterilizing" procedure, since the uterus is removed. Nowadays, because of the postponement of childbearing to an older age, women younger than 45 years old who are diagnosed with early-stage cervical cancer have a strong desire to preserve fertility. Radical trachelectomy (vaginal or abdominal route) is used for fertility preservation in cases of early-stage (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stages IA-IB1) cervical carcinomas with remarkable oncological and obstetrical outcomes...
August 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Elvira Brătilă, C P Brătilă, C B Coroleuca
The primary objective of this study was to describe our experience with the conservative treatment of early-stage cervical cancer (stages IA1, IA2, and IB1) with radical vaginal trachelectomy (RVT) and laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy. This retrospective observational case series included 36 patients with early cervical cancer. Radical trachelectomy and laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy were performed as described by D. Dargent in 32 of these cases. Oncologic, reproductive, and obstetric outcomes were observed subsequently over a median period of 42 (24-96) weeks...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
H Irene Su, Meghan W Connell, Lyudmila A Bazhenova
OBJECTIVE: To describe a clinical approach to and outcomes of IVF in reproductive-aged cancer survivors receiving targeted cancer therapies. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Academic fertility preservation program. PATIENT(S): The first case is of a female patient with metastatic lung cancer receiving long-term crizotinib, an anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor. The second case is of a female patient with metastatic colon cancer receiving long-term denosumab, a RANKL antibody...
August 23, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Andrea Ferrari, Matteo Silva, Laura Veneroni, Chiara Magni, Carlo Alfredo Clerici, Cristina Meazza, Monica Terenziani, Filippo Spreafico, Stefano Chiaravalli, Michela Casanova, Roberto Luksch, Serena Catania, Elisabetta Schiavello, Veronica Biassoni, Marta Podda, Luca Bergamaschi, Nadia Puma, Alice Indini, Tullio Proserpio, Maura Massimino
BACKGROUND: Various projects dedicated specifically to adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer have been developed in recent years. A critical aspect of such programs is the ability to demonstrate its value, and therefore how to measure desired outcomes. METHODS: A list of metrics to consider for demonstrating the advantages of an AYA program was identified and used to assess the activity of the Youth Project operating at the Pediatric Oncology Unit of the Istituto Nazionale Tumori in Milan...
August 24, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Dina M Flink, Jeanelle Sheeder, Laxmi A Kondapalli
PURPOSE: The American Society of Clinical Oncology issued practice guidelines in 2006 to provide critical information about fertility impact to adolescents and young adults (AYA) at the time of cancer diagnosis. Survivors continue to express concerns about their long-term reproductive health after cancer therapy even as treatment options for fertility preservation evolve. An underutilization of fertility preservation methods by cancer patients continues to persist. A review of the literature cites barriers and challenges that limit fertility information and preservation options for AYA cancer patients...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Satoshi Tamauchi, Hiroaki Kajiyama, Jun Sakata, Ryuichiro Sekiya, Shiro Suzuki, Mika Mizuno, Fumi Utsumi, Kaoru Niimi, Tomomi Kotani, Kiyosumi Shibata, Fumitaka Kikkawa
AIM: Radical trachelectomy (RT) is a widely used fertility-sparing treatment for patients with early cervical cancer (CCA). RT, however, is an investigational treatment, and its gynecological and obstetric efficacy are being investigated. We retrospectively assessed the efficacy of abdominal RT (ART) as a fertility-sparing surgery. METHODS: From 2010 to 2014, patients with stage IA2-IB1 CCA (tumor ≤2 cm) who wished to preserve their fertility underwent ART. The major outcomes were mortality, recurrence, pregnancy complications, and obstetric outcome...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
A M S Silva, S Correia, S Socorro, C J Maia
The testes are one of the most delicate organs in the male body and highly susceptible to the exogenous influences capable of inducing cell damage. Cancer therapies are well known to negatively affect the male reproductive tract with a severe impairment of spermatogenesis and infertility. The present work aimed to systematically review the available information about the different endogenous factors (hormonal and non-hormonal) that may have protective or advantageous properties on the recovery of male reproductive function after gonadal injury...
August 2, 2016: Current Molecular Medicine
Michael Feichtinger, Kenny A Rodriguez-Wallberg
BACKGROUND: Although cancer in general affects an aged population, a significant number of women develop cancer at childbearing age. Long-term survival rates after gynecological cancer, especially in young patients are increasing and all quality-of-life aspects, including preservation of fertility have become of major relevance. OUTCOMES: Surgical techniques aimed at sparing reproductive organs and preserving fertility have been developed for women presenting with gynecological cancer found at early stages...
2016: Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice
Alexandra Nobel Murray, Joan C Chrisler, Mark L Robbins
BACKGROUND: Fertility issues have been found to be an important topic for adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. Medical technology has made fertility preservation (FP) increasingly effective for postpubertal patients whose treatment course may inhibit their future ability to achieve biologic parenthood. Oncology providers' recommendations have been shown to vary, potentially affecting patients' decision-making processes regarding FP. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess oncology nurses' recommendations for patients to consider FP options and to explore what patient-related factors may influence discussion of FP with AYAs with cancer...
August 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"