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Eons gbs

Tarun Singh, Elizabeth H Barnes, David Isaacs
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) varies over time, and requires regular surveillance. OBJECTIVE: To analyse data on EONS in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data collected longitudinally from multiple neonatal units from 2002 to 2012. RESULTS: Of 386 423 live births, 454 infants had EONS. The incidence rate of EONS was 1.20 per 1000 live births in 2002 and 0...
March 27, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
L Vakrilova, St Hitrova, E Shopova, R Rousseva, A Radulova, A Masseva
UNLABELLED: Improved obstetrical management and evidence-based peripartum antimicrobial therapy in the last decades reduce the frequency of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) and improve the outcome. The spectrum of the microrganisms is different according to regions, countries and periods of time. Appropriate diagnosis and treatment improve the outcome. However dissociation often occurs between clinical manifestation, laboratory and microbiological findings. AIMS: To determine the incidence of neonatal bacteremia in our hospital, to identify the spectrum of organisms from positive blood cultures (BC), to analyze the correlation between clinical manifestation of EOS and/or laboratory abnormalities...
2014: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
Hee-Sang Kim, Dong Hwan Yun, Jinmann Chon, Jong Eon Lee, Min Ho Park, Yoo Jin Han
Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) and syringomyelia are diseases of different entities. GBS is an acute post-infectious autoimmune disease which is mediated by autoantibodies against the myelin of peripheral nerves. Syringomyelia is a chronic disease characterized by a cavity extending longitudinally inside the spinal cord. A 67-year-old man is being hospitalized due to severe numbness and ascending weakness in all limbs. On neurological examination, the motor power of all limbs are decreased and show absence of deep tendon reflexes (DTRs)...
October 2013: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
M Sgro, P S Shah, D Campbell, A Tenuta, S Shivananda, S K Lee
OBJECTIVE: Organisms causing early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) have consistently changed over time. The distribution of organisms in EONS helps to influence the appropriate type of antibiotic prophylaxis strategy during labor and the antibiotics used in neonates with suspected sepsis. STUDY DESIGN: To compare the organisms distribution for EONS between 2003 and 2008 for infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Canada. Data were retrieved from infants with a positive bacterial blood or cerebrospinal fluid culture in the first 72  h after birth who were admitted to NICUs participating in the Canadian Neonatal Network from 2003 to 2008...
December 2011: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Pierre Kuhn, Céline Dheu, Chantal Bolender, Didier Chognot, Laurence Keller, Houria Demil, Lionel Donato, Bruno Langer, Jean Messer, Dominique Astruc
In 2001 France issued a new set of guidelines for the use of antenatal antibiotics (AA). These guidelines recommended intrapartum antimicrobial prophylaxis (IAP) to prevent group B streptococcal (GBS) disease and AA to prolong pregnancy in the event of preterm premature rupture of membranes (AA for PPROM). This study aims to determine the effects of AA, recommended by national guidelines, on the incidence and distribution of pathogens in early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS). We performed a population-based, prospective, observational study of level II and III perinatal centres throughout the region of Alsace, a northeastern area of France, between March 2004 and February 2005...
September 2010: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
V Laugel, P Kuhn, J Beladdale, L Donato, B Escande, D Astruc, J Messer
BACKGROUND: Recommendations for the use of antenatal antibiotics have been widely implemented in the past few years, notably to prevent group B streptococcal disease or to prolong pregnancy in the case of preterm premature rupture of the membranes. OBJECTIVES: We designed a retrospective study to assess the potential effects of this increasing use of antibiotics on the incidence and bacteriological profile of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS). METHODS: All neonates referred to our department for suspected EONS from January 1 1995 through December 31 1999 were included...
2003: Biology of the Neonate
K T Chen, R E Tuomala, A P Cohen, E C Eichenwald, E Lieberman
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the impact of a risk-based approach to group B Streptococcus (GBS) prophylaxis on the rates of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of neonates born at a tertiary-care hospital from 1990 to 1996 was performed. Cases of EONS were identified among neonates born in a period without GBS prophylaxis (1990-1992) and compared with those born in a period with GBS prophylaxis (1993-1996). The antibiotic susceptibility data on each organism isolated in the blood culture were obtained...
October 2001: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
J Bosch Mestres, A Palou Chárlez, L Serra Azuara, E Alvarez Domínguez, M C Ricart Costa, R Ros Vallverdú, X Carbonell Estrany
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the characteristics of early onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) due to group B streptococci (GBS) in our population and to evaluate the efficacy of a prevention program in our hospital during a 4 year period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We revised all cases of EONS due to GBS between 1985 and 1994 and studied pregnant women colonized by GBS and their infants between 1991 and 1994. RESULTS: In ten years, we diagnosed 45 cases of EONS due to GBS, 30 born in our hospital and 15 born in other hospitals...
March 1997: Anales Españoles de Pediatría
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