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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449157/risk-of-unplanned-caesarean-birth-in-vietnamese-born-women-in-victoria-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Paul A Agius, Mary-Ann Davey, Rhonda Small
BACKGROUND: Understanding the prevalence of, and factors associated with, caesarean birth among immigrant populations is essential for appropriate antenatal and postnatal resource allocation. AIMS: To compare rates of caesarean birth between one of the largest immigrant populations of women giving birth in Australia (Vietnamese-born women) with those of Australian-born women and investigate the odds of unplanned caesarean in these women, controlling for maternal characteristics, pregnancy complications and labour management factors...
February 12, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447728/no-148-guidelines-for-operative-vaginal-birth
#2
Yvonne M Cargill, Catherine Jane MacKinnon
OBJECTIVE: To provide guidelines for operative vaginal birth in the management of the second stage of labour. OPTIONS: Non-operative techniques, episiotomy, and Caesarean section are compared to operative vaginal birth. OUTCOME: Reduced fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. EVIDENCE: MEDLINE and Cochrane databases were searched using the key words ''vacuum" and "birth" as well as "forceps" and "birth" for literature published in English from january 1970 to June 2004...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#3
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445511/management-of-group-b-streptococcus-positive-pregnant-women-at-maternity-homes-in-japan-a-questionnaire-survey-of-compliance-among-midwives
#4
Kotomi Yamaguchi, Kazutomo Ohashi
Background: Per the 2014 Japanese Midwives Association (JMA) guidelines, midwives were allowed to manage the deliveries for group B streptococcus (GBS)-positive pregnant women in labour at maternity homes without the supervision of a medical doctor if they complied with the guidelines of the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (JSOG), wherein midwives working for maternity homes are expected to cooperate with commissioned obstetricians and paediatricians in cooperative medical facilities...
2018: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444799/salvage-from-cervical-dystocia-in-third-degree-uterovaginal-prolapse-duhrssen-s-incision
#5
Manju Lata Verma, Vartika Tripathi, Uma Singh, Zakia Rahman
We present a case of a 28-year-old woman second gravida with a full-term pregnancy who presented to us in active phase of labour with third degree uterovaginal prolapse complicated by entrapment of fetal head by dystocia of cervix and fetal distress. Patient was immediately shifted to the operation theatre and prompt delivery was conducted by giving Duhrssen's incision on the highly vascular, oedematous prolapsed cervix. The outcome was an alive and healthy male baby. Duhrssen's incision was stitched with minimal blood loss...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441524/the-economy-of-smiles-affect-labour-and-the-contemporary-deserving-poor
#6
Jessica Gerrard
This paper examines the affective dimensions of new forms of informal entrepreneurial work carried out in spaces of unemployment. Situating the analysis within contemporary scholarship on deservingness and on affect and labour, I shed light on the forms of entrepreneurial labour that rely upon affect-driven economies of exchange underpinned by moral judgements of deservingness, value and worth. In particular, this paper draws on a multi-city (Melbourne, London, San Francisco) study of homeless street press sellers (The Big Issue and Street Sheet) to explore the ways in which contemporary practices of charity and care are carried out through individualized market-place exchanges...
February 14, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430983/c-reactive-protein-and-white-blood-cell-count-as-predictors-of-maternal-and-neonatal-infections-in-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes-between-34-and-41-weeks-of-gestation
#7
Manisha Rewatkar, Shuchi Jain, Manish Jain, Kanchan Mohod
Prelabour rupture of the membranes (PLROM) is defined as rupture of membranes before the onset of labour. It is one of the most common clinical events, where pregnancy can turn into a high-risk situation for mother and foetus. As prevention of PLROM is difficult, one has to concentrate on management to reduce its complications. Accurate prediction of infection remains a main challenge in cases of PLROM. We conducted a prospective study of all women admitted for PLROM at or after 34-41 weeks of gestation to investigate the predictive value of C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell (WBC) count for early-onset neonatal infection (EONI) and maternal chorioamnionitis...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429318/perineal-tears-a-review
#8
Ryan Goh, Daryl Goh, Hasthika Ellepola
BACKGROUND: The female perineum is the diamond-shaped inferior outlet of the pelvis. This structure is at risk of trauma during labour because of spontaneous perineal tears of varying degrees or iatrogenic episiotomies. These injuries can result in disabling immediate and long-term complications in the woman. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to provide general practitioners (GPs) with a good understanding of perineal tears by discussing the different classifications, immediate and long-term management, and recommendations for future deliveries...
January 2018: Aust J Gen Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427893/ghana-s-community-based-primary-health-care-why-women-and-children-are-disadvantaged-by-its-implementation
#9
Roger A Atinga, Irene Akua Agyepong, Reuben K Esena
Policy analysis on why women and children in low- and middle-income settings are still disadvantaged by access to appropriate care despite Primary Health Care (PHC) programmes implementation is limited. Drawing on the street-level bureaucracy theory, we explored how and why frontline providers (FLP) actions on their own and in interaction with health system factors shape Ghana's community-based PHC implementation to the disadvantage of women and children accessing and using health services. This was a qualitative study conducted in 4 communities drawn from rural and urban districts of the Upper West region...
February 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425107/screening-for-gestational-diabetes-in-low-risk-women-effect-of-maternal-age
#10
Aida Kalok, Pravin Peraba, Shamsul Azhar Shah, Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy, Mohamad Abdul Jamil, Nirmala Kampan, Suraya Sulaiman, Nor Azlin Mohamed Ismail
Background Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is on the rise globally and there are various screening guidelines with regard to patients' criteria. Materials and methods We conducted a prospective cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence of GDM amongst low-risk pregnant women above the age of 25 years. A modified glucose tolerance test (MGTT) was performed between 24 and 36 weeks of gestation. Women with GDM were divided into two groups for analysis: age between 25 and 34 years (group A) and above 35 years (group B)...
February 9, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423911/planned-birth-at-or-near-term-for-improving-health-outcomes-for-pregnant-women-with-pre-existing-diabetes-and-their-infants
#11
REVIEW
Linda M Biesty, Aoife M Egan, Fidelma Dunne, Valerie Smith, Pauline Meskell, Eugene Dempsey, G Meabh Ni Bhuinneain, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes (Type 1 or Type 2) have increased rates of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Current clinical guidelines support elective birth, at or near term, because of increased perinatal mortality during the third trimester of pregnancy.This review replaces a review previously published in 2001 that included "diabetic pregnant women", which has now been split into two reviews. This current review focuses on pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes (Type 1 or Type 2) and a sister review focuses on women with gestational diabetes...
February 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394893/influence-of-indoor-work-environments-on-health-safety-and-human-rights-among-migrant-sex-workers-at-the-guatemala-mexico-border-a-call-for-occupational-health-and-safety-interventions
#12
Shira M Goldenberg, Teresita Rocha Jiménez, Kimberly C Brouwer, Sonia Morales Miranda, Jay G Silverman
BACKGROUND: Migrant women are over-represented in the sex industry, and migrant sex workers experience disproportionate health inequities, including those related to health access, HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and violence. Despite calls for occupational sex work interventions situated in labour rights frameworks, there remains a paucity of evidence pertaining to migrant sex workers' needs and realities, particularly within Mexico and Central America. This study investigated migrant sex workers' narratives regarding the ways in which structural features of work environments shape vulnerability and agency related to HIV/STI prevention and violence at the Guatemala-Mexico border...
February 2, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374486/quality-of-care-during-childbirth-in-tanzania-identification-of-areas-that-need-improvement
#13
Andrea Solnes Miltenburg, Richard Forget Kiritta, Tarek Meguid, Johanne Sundby
BACKGROUND: Making use of good, evidence based routines, for management of normal childbirth is essential to ensure quality of care and prevent, identify and manage complications if they occur. Two essential routine care interventions as defined by the World Health Organization are the use of the Partograph and Active Management of the Third Stage of Labour. Both interventions have been evaluated for their ability to assist health providers to detect and deal with complications. There is however little research about the quality of such interventions for routine care...
January 27, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359499/laparoscopic-transabdominal-cerclage-outcomes-of-121-pregnancies
#14
Alex Ades, Sneha Parghi, Mehrnoosh Aref-Adib
BACKGROUND: Cervical insufficiency is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Cervical cerclage is one option in the management of cervical insufficiency. AIM: To evaluate obstetric outcomes following insertion of a pre-pregnancy laparoscopic transabdominal cerclage in women at high risk for pre-term labour and/or mid-trimester pregnancy loss. METHODS: A prospective observational study of consecutive women who underwent laparoscopic transabdominal cerclage from 2007 to 2017...
January 23, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359434/changing-gender-roles-and-relations-in-food-provisioning-among-matrilineal-khasi-and-patrilineal-chakhesang-indigenous-rural-people-of-north-east-india
#15
Rachele Ellena, Kyrham Aurelius Nongkynrih
Women's position in society, gender roles, and gender division of labour affect household food security, dietary diversity, nutritional status, and well-being of all household members, especially children. Building on both primary and secondary data, this study explores gender roles and relations in food provisioning among the North-East India Indigenous matrilineal Khasi and patrilineal Chakhesang Peoples, amid societal transition. With the use of a combination of ethnographic and ethnobotanical research tools, a total number of 200 informants participated in 20 focus group discussions and 28 key informant interviews...
November 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355125/the-experiences-and-perceptions-of-persons-with-disabilities-regarding-work-skills-development-in-sheltered-and-protective-workshops
#16
Mohammed Shaheed Soeker, Jo Celene De Jongh, Amy Diedericks, Kelly Matthys, Nicole Swart, Petra van der Pol
BACKGROUND: Protective workshops and sheltered employment settings have been instrumental in developing the work skills of people with disabilities, however there has been a void in the literature about its influence on the ability of individuals to find employment in the open labor market. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to explore the experiences and perceptions of people with disabilities about the development of their work skills for transitioning into the open labor market...
January 18, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353954/assessing-personality-in-san-joaquin-kit-fox-in-situ-efficacy-of-field-based-experimental-methods-and-implications-for-conservation-management
#17
Samantha Bremner-Harrison, Brian L Cypher, Christine Van Horn Job, Stephen W R Harrison
Utilisation of animal personality has potential benefit for conservation management. Due to logistics of robust behavioural evaluation in situ, the majority of studies on wild animals involve taking animals into captivity for testing, potentially compromising results. Three in situ tests for evaluation of boldness in San Joaquin kit fox (Vulpes macrotis mutica) were developed (ENOT: extended novel object test; RNOT: rapid novel object test; TH: trap/handling test). Each test successfully identified variation in boldness within its target age class(es)...
2018: Journal of Ethology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349229/does-gender-inequity-increase-men-s-mortality-risk-in-the-united-states-a-multilevel-analysis-of-data-from-the-national-longitudinal-mortality-study
#18
Shane A Kavanagh, Julia M Shelley, Christopher Stevenson
A number of theoretical approaches suggest that gender inequity may give rise to health risks for men. This study undertook a multilevel analysis to ascertain if state-level measures of gender inequity are predictors of men's mortality in the United States. Data for the analysis were taken primarily from the National Longitudinal Mortality Study, which is based on a random sample of the non-institutionalised population. The full data set included 174,703 individuals nested within 50 states and had a six-year follow-up for mortality...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347930/risk-factors-for-stillbirths-how-much-can-a-responsive-health-system-prevent
#19
Sutapa Bandyopadhyay Neogi, Jyoti Sharma, Preeti Negandhi, Monika Chauhan, Siddharth Reddy, Ghanashyam Sethy
BACKGROUND: The stillbirth rate is an indicator of quality of care during pregnancy and delivery. Good quality care is supported by a functional heath system. The objective of this study was to explore the risk factors for stillbirths, particularly those related to a health system. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted in two districts of Bihar, India. Information on cases (stillbirths) were obtained from facilities as reported by Health Management Information System; controls were consecutive live births from the same population as cases...
January 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346033/the-psychology-of-elite-cycling-a-systematic-review
#20
David J Spindler, Mark S Allen, Stewart A Vella, Christian Swann
This systematic review sought to synthesise what is currently known about the psychology of elite cycling. Nine electronic databases were searched in March 2017 for studies reporting an empirical test of any psychological construct in an elite cycling sample. Fourteen studies (total n = 427) met inclusion criteria. Eight studies were coded as having high risk of bias. Themes extracted included mood, anxiety, self-confidence, pain, and cognitive function. Few studies had similar objectives meaning that in many instances findings could not be synthesised in a meaningful way...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
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