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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911969/perceptions-of-the-exercise-is-medicine-initiative-in-a-geographically-defined-deep-south-population
#1
Allison Nooe, Rita Morgan, M Allison Ford, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVES: To examine the population's perceptions of the Exercise Is Medicine (EiM) initiative, as well as factors that influence the accurate perception of the EiM. METHODS: Participants (N = 179; 24 primary care advanced-level practitioners, 79 exercise science students, and 76 people from the general population) residing in Oxford, Mississippi, were surveyed for this study. RESULTS: Only 34.7% of advanced-care practitioners, 20.2% of students, and 19...
December 2016: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911566/pedometer-step-count-targets-during-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-copd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Claire M Nolan, Matthew Maddocks, Jane L Canavan, Sarah E Jones, Veronica Delogu, Djeya Kaliaraju, Winston Banya, Samantha S C Kon, Michael I Polkey, William D-C Man
RATIONALE: Increasing physical activity is a key therapeutic aim in COPD. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves exercise capacity, but there is conflicting evidence regarding its ability to improve physical activity levels. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether using pedometers as an adjunct to PR can enhance time spent in at least moderate intensity physical activity (time ≥ 3METs) in people with COPD. METHODS: In this single-blinded randomized controlled trial, participants were assigned 1:1 to receive control (PR comprising 8 weeks, two supervised sessions/week) or intervention (PR plus pedometer-directed step targets, reviewed weekly for 8 weeks)...
December 2, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911299/chronotropic-response-and-cognitive-function-in-a-cohort-at-risk-for%C3%A2-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
Lena L Law, Stephanie A Schultz, Elizabeth A Boots, Jean A Einerson, Ryan J Dougherty, Jennifer M Oh, Claudia E Korcarz, Dorothy F Edwards, Rebecca L Koscik, N Maritza Dowling, Catherine L Gallagher, Barbara B Bendlin, Cynthia M Carlsson, Sanjay Asthana, Bruce P Hermann, Mark A Sager, Sterling C Johnson, Dane B Cook, James H Stein, Ozioma C Okonkwo
The objective of this study was to examine the association of chronotropic response (CR) and heart rate (HR) recovery- two indices of cardiovascular function within the context of a graded exercise test- with cognitive performance in a cognitively healthy, late-middle-aged cohort at risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Ninety participants (age = 63.52±5.86 years; 65.6% female) from the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention participated in this study. They underwent graded exercise testing and a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment that assessed the following four cognitive domains: Immediate Memory, Verbal & Learning Memory, Working Memory, and Speed & Flexibility...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910284/resting-heart-rate-is-an-independent-predictor-of-death-in-patients-with-colorectal-pancreatic-and-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-results-of-a-prospective-cardiovascular-long-term-study
#4
Markus S Anker, Nicole Ebner, Bert Hildebrandt, Jochen Springer, Marianne Sinn, Hanno Riess, Stefan D Anker, Ulf Landmesser, Wilhelm Haverkamp, Stephan von Haehling
AIMS: Patients with advanced cancer have been shown to suffer from abnormal cardiac function and impaired exercise capacity that may contribute to their impaired quality of life. As tachycardia is considered as a sign of potential early cardiac damage, we sought to determine whether resting heart rate and other ECG-derived variables have prognostic value. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 2005 to 2010, we enrolled 145 patients with histologically confirmed cancer (36 colorectal, 72 pancreatic, and 37 non-small cell lung cancer patients) and 59 healthy controls...
December 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909557/eating-habits-physical-activity-nutrition-knowledge-and-self-efficacy-by-obesity-status-in-upper-grade-elementary-school-students
#5
Seong Ah Ha, Seo Yeon Lee, Kyung A Kim, Jung Sook Seo, Cheong Min Sohn, Hae Ryun Park, Kyung Won Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity has increased in recent decades in Korea. This study was designed to examine differences in the eating habits, physical activity (PA), nutrition knowledge, and self-efficacy of children by obesity status. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects were 5th-grade children from 70 elementary schools in 17 cities nationwide. Two-stage stratified cluster sampling was employed. Survey questionnaire included items related to general characteristics, eating habits, PA, nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909230/the-protective-role-of-sex-hormones-in-females-and-exercise-prehabilitation-in-males-on-sternotomy-induced-cranial-hypoperfusion-in-aortic-banded-mini-swine
#6
T Dylan Olver, Jessica A Hiemstra, Jenna C Edwards, Brian S Ferguson, Harold Laughlin, Craig A Emter
During cardiac surgery, specifically sternotomy, cranial hypoperfusion is linked to cerebral ischemia, increased risk of perioperative watershed stroke and other neurocognitive complications. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively examine the effect of sex hormones in females and exercise prehabilitation in males on median sternotomy-induced changes in cranial perfusion in a large animal model of heart failure. Cranial blood flow (CBF) before, 10- and 60 min post-sternotomy was analyzed in eight groups of Yucatan mini-swine: female-control, aortic-banded, ovariectomized, and ovariectomized+aortic-banded; male-control, aortic-banded, aortic-banded+continuous exercise trained, and aortic-banded+interval exercise trained...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908664/preference-for-western-diet-coadapts-in-high-runner-mice-and-affects-voluntary-exercise-and-spontaneous-physical-activity-in-a-genotype-dependent-manner
#7
Wendy Acosta, Thomas H Meek, Heidi Schutz, Elizabeth M Dlugosz, Theodore Garland
Do animals evolve (coadapt) to choose diets that positively affect their performance abilities? We addressed this question from a microevolutionary perspective by examining preference for Western diet (WD: high in fat and sugar, but lower in protein) versus standard rodent chow in adults of both sexes from 4 lines of mice selectively bred for high levels of voluntary wheel running (High Runner or HR lines) and 4 non-selected control (C) lines. We also assessed whether food preference or substitution affects physical activity (wheel running and/or spontaneous physical activity [SPA] in the attached home cages)...
November 28, 2016: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906738/predictive-factors-for-postoperative-follow-up-which-patients-are-prone-to-loss-to-follow-up-after-spinal-surgery
#8
Kee-Yong Ha, Sang-Il Kim, Young-Hoon Kim, Young-Ho Kim, In-Soo Oh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To find out the predictive factors for the failure to follow-up in patients who underwent spinal surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Causes for loss to follow-up range from geographical accessibility to dissatisfaction with surgeons. There were few reports that investigated loss to follow-up after spinal surgery. METHODS: A total of 649 patients who underwent laminectomy and 193 patients who underwent L4-L5 fusion from August 2006 to August 2013 were enrolled in this retrospective study...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906643/sports-and-recreation-related-injury-episodes-in-the-united-states-2011-2014
#9
Yahtyng Sheu, Li-Hui Chen, Holly Hedegaard
Objective-Much of the research on sports- and recreation-related injuries focuses on a specific population, activity, or type of injury, and national estimates of the total burden of sports- and recreation-related injuries are limited. This study provides national estimates of the injury burden and examines the distribution of sports- and recreation-related injuries across demographic groups, activities, and injury circumstances. Methods-Information on medically attended injury episodes for persons aged 5 years and over were obtained from the 2011-2014 National Health Interview Survey...
November 2016: National Health Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905293/long-term-exercise-in-mice-has-sex-dependent-benefits-on-body-composition-and-metabolism-during-aging
#10
Rachel C McMullan, Scott A Kelly, Kunjie Hua, Brian K Buckley, James E Faber, Fernando Pardo-Manuel de Villena, Daniel Pomp
Aging is associated with declining exercise and unhealthy changes in body composition. Exercise ameliorates certain adverse age-related physiological changes and protects against many chronic diseases. Despite these benefits, willingness to exercise and physiological responses to exercise vary widely, and long-term exercise and its benefits are difficult and costly to measure in humans. Furthermore, physiological effects of aging in humans are confounded with changes in lifestyle and environment. We used C57BL/6J mice to examine long-term patterns of exercise during aging and its physiological effects in a well-controlled environment...
November 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904794/pain-function-and-strength-outcomes-for-males-and-females-with-patellofemoral-pain-who-participate-in-either-a-hip-core-or-knee-based-rehabilitation-program
#11
Lori A Bolgla, Jennifer Earl-Boehm, Carolyn Emery, Karrie Hamstra-Wright, Reed Ferber
BACKGROUND: Hip exercise has been recommended for females with patellofemoral pain (PFP). It is unknown if males with PFP will benefit from a similar treatment strategy. HYPOTHESES/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare improvements in pain, function, and strength between males and females with PFP who participated in either a hip/core or knee rehabilitation program. The directional hypothesis was that females would respond more favorably to the hip/core rehabilitation program and males to the knee program...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903541/lifelong-physical-activity-regardless-of-dose-is-not-associated-with-myocardial-fibrosis
#12
Shuaib M Abdullah, Kyler W Barkley, Paul S Bhella, Jeffrey L Hastings, Susan Matulevicius, Naoki Fujimoto, Shigeki Shibata, Graeme Carrick-Ranson, M Dean Palmer, Nainesh Gandhi, Laura F DeFina, Benjamin D Levine
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have suggested that long-term, intensive physical training may be associated with adverse cardiovascular effects, including the development of myocardial fibrosis. However, the dose-response association of different levels of lifelong physical activity on myocardial fibrosis has not been evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seniors free of major chronic illnesses were recruited from predefined populations based on the consistent documentation of stable physical activity over >25 years and were classified into 4 groups by the number of sessions/week of aerobic activities ≥30 minutes: sedentary (group 1), <2 sessions; casual (group 2), 2 to 3 sessions; committed (group 3), 4 to 5 sessions; and Masters athletes (group 4), 6 to 7 sessions plus regular competitions...
November 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900151/can-the-otago-falls-prevention-program-be-delivered-by-video-a-feasibility-study
#13
Jennifer C Davis, Chun Liang Hsu, Winnie Cheung, Penny M A Brasher, Linda C Li, Karim M Khan, Jonathan Sykes, Dawn A Skelton, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the feasibility of delivering the Otago Exercise Programme (OEP) via an interactive DVD (ie, OEP-DVD) in combination with monthly physical therapist phone calls to older adults. DESIGN: This pre-post (baseline and 6-month follow-up) study included an intervention group (n=61) based in a rural location and a control group (n=21) based in a city. SETTING: Sechelt and Vancouver, British Columbia. PARTICIPANTS: 82 community-dwelling adults ≥75 years...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900150/sex-differences-in-the-effects-of-12%C3%A2-weeks-sprint-interval-training-on-body-fat-mass-and-the-rates-of-fatty-acid-oxidation-and-vo2max-during-exercise
#14
Liam Bagley, Mark Slevin, Steven Bradburn, Donghui Liu, Chris Murgatroyd, George Morrissey, Michael Carroll, Mathew Piasecki, William S Gilmore, Jamie S McPhee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine whether very short duration, very high intensity sprint interval training (SIT) leads to loss of body fat mass in association with improvements to VO2max and fatty acid oxidation, and to assess the extent of sex dimorphism in these physiological responses. METHODS: A total of 24 men and 17 women (mean (SEM) age: 39 (±2) years; body mass index 24.6 (0.6)) completed measurements of the maximal rate of oxygen uptake (VO2max) and fatty acid oxidation (FATmax)...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898735/cognitive-dysfunction-and-malnutrition-are-independent-predictor-of-dysphagia-in-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-congestive-heart-failure
#15
Junichi Yokota, Yoshiko Ogawa, Shinsuke Yamanaka, Yoshimi Takahashi, Hiroshi Fujita, Nobuhiro Yamaguchi, Noriko Onoue, Takeshi Ishizuka, Tsuyoshi Shinozaki, Masahiro Kohzuki
Early detection and intervention for dysphagia is important in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). However, previous studies have focused on how many patients with dysphagia develop CHF. Studies focusing on the comorbidity of dysphagia in patients with CHF are rare. Additionally, risk factors for dysphagia in patients with CHF are unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to clarify risk factors for dysphagia in patients with acute exacerbation of CHF. A total of 105 patients, who were admitted with acute exacerbation of CHF, were enrolled...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893478/loads-and-movement-speeds-dictate-differences-in-power-output-during-circuit-training
#16
Kirk B Roberson, Sean Chowdhari, Morgan White, Joseph F Signorile
Power training has become a common exercise intervention for improving muscle strength, power, and physical function, while reducing injury risk. Few studies, however, have evaluated acute load changes on power output during traditional resistance-training protocols. Therefore, the aim of this study was to quantify the effects of different loading patterns on power output during a single session of circuit resistance training (CRT). Nine males (age=19.4±0.9 y) and eleven females (age=20.6±1.6 y) completed three CRT protocols during separate testing sessions using seven pneumatic exercises...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892965/diabetes-mellitus-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-mortality-in-japan-the-japan-collaborative-cohort-study
#17
Ce Tan, Mitsuru Mori, Yasushi Adachi, Kenji Wakai, Sadao Suzuki, Koji Suzuki, Shuji Hashimoto, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Akiko Tamakoshi
Objective: Our aim was to estimate whether diabetes mellitus (DM) may be associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality in Japan. Methods: The Japan Collaborative Cohort (JACC) Study is a nationwide prospective study, initiated in 1988, which involves 110,585 subjects (age range: from 40 to 79 years; 46,395 males and 64,190 females). Our present analysis population comprised 96,081 (40,510 men and 55,571 women) who provided details on DM history. The questionnaire also included age, sex, weight, height, family history of CRC, smoking, drinking and exercise habits, and education...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891820/investigating-diagnostic-bias-in-autism-spectrum-conditions-an-item-response-theory-analysis-of-sex-bias-in-the-aq-10
#18
Aja Louise Murray, Carrie Allison, Paula L Smith, Simon Baron-Cohen, Tom Booth, Bonnie Auyeung
Diagnostic bias is a concern in autism spectrum conditions (ASC) where prevalence and presentation differ by sex. To ensure that females with ASC are not under-identified, it is important that ASC screening tools do not systematically underestimate autistic traits in females relative to males. We evaluated whether the AQ-10, a brief screen for ASC recommended by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence in cases of suspected ASC, exhibits such a bias. Using an item response theory approach, we evaluated differential item functioning and differential test functioning...
November 28, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889047/sex-differences-in-the-association-between-stroke-and-bone-mineral-density-in-elderly-koreans-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2010
#19
Ji Eun Lee, Hye-Rim Jeon, Jung Keun Park, Kyung-Do Han, Ji-Hyun Kim, Jinnie Yoon, Seok-Won Park, Yang-Hyun Kim, Kyung-Hwan Cho
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether osteoporosis is more prevalent in elderly Korean people who have had a stroke and whether the association differs by sex. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 3806 elderly subjects (1951 men and 1855 women) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included in this study. Stroke history was determined by self-administered questionnaire. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the lumbar spine, total hip, and neck of the femur using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886098/is-green-exercise-for-all-a-descriptive-study-of-green-exercise-habits-and-promoting-factors-in-adult-norwegians
#20
Giovanna Calogiuri, Grete G Patil, Geir Aamodt
Background: Physical activity (PA) in natural environments, known as green exercise (GE), can provide health benefits above and beyond PA in other environments, but little is known about the extent to which GE is an accessible form of weekly PA across different social groups. This study aims to examine the "GE phenomenon" in Norway, and evaluate possible differences in GE habits and perceived factors that promote GE across sub-groups of this population. Methods: 2168 adults from all over Norway reported weekly GE and other forms of PA, specific forms of GE, and perceived factors that promote GE...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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