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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331169/the-introduction-of-simple-cardiorespiratory-fitness-testing-in-overweight-obese-type-2-diabetics-a-pilot-study
#1
Ľubica Cibičková, David Karásek, Jiří Lukeš, Norbert Cibiček
BACKGROUND: Low level of cardiorespiratory fitness has been recognized as an important independent and modifiable risk factor of increased morbidity and mortality. However, in standard outpatient settings, patients are not routinely screened for fitness and advantages of such testing for the management of type 2 diabetes have not been defined. Aim To describe the toleration of a fast, simple and practicable fitness test (2-min step-in-place test) by overweight/obese type 2 diabetics and their performance indicated by 2-min step-in-place test score (STS)...
January 14, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330695/glucosuria-and-all-cause-mortality-among-general-screening-participants
#2
Kunitoshi Iseki, Tsuneo Konta, Koichi Asahi, Kunihiro Yamagata, Shouichi Fujimoto, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Ichiei Narita, Masato Kasahara, Yugo Shibagaki, Toshiki Moriyama, Masahide Kondo, Chiho Iseki, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Dipstick urine tests are used for general health screening in Japan, but how the test results (e.g., glucosuria) relate to mortality is unknown. METHODS: Subjects participated in a nationwide screening in 2008 in six districts in Japan. We identified those who might have died using the national database of death certificates from 2008 to 2012 (total registered ~ 6 million) and verified candidates with the regional National Health Insurance Agency and public health nurses...
January 12, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327942/efficient-selective-screening-for-heart-failure-in-elderly-men-and-women-from-the-community-a-diagnostic-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#3
Rogier F Kievit, Aisha Gohar, Arno W Hoes, Michiel L Bots, Evelien Es van Riet, Yvonne van Mourik, Loes Cm Bertens, Leandra Jm Boonman-de Winter, Hester M den Ruijter, Frans H Rutten
Background Prevalence of undetected heart failure in older individuals is high in the community, with patients being at increased risk of morbidity and mortality due to the chronic and progressive nature of this complex syndrome. An essential, yet currently unavailable, strategy to pre-select candidates eligible for echocardiography to confirm or exclude heart failure would identify patients earlier, enable targeted interventions and prevent disease progression. The aim of this study was therefore to develop and validate such a model that can be implemented clinically...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327139/galectin-3-levels-relate-in-children-to-total-body-fat-abdominal-fat-body-fat-distribution-and-cardiac-size
#4
Magnus Dencker, Daniel Arvidsson, Magnus K Karlsson, Per Wollmer, Lars B Andersen, Ola Thorsson
Galectin-3 has recently been proposed as a novel biomarker for cardiovascular disease in adults. The purpose of this investigation was to assess relationships between galectin-3 levels and total body fat, abdominal fat, body fat distribution, aerobic fitness, blood pressure, left ventricular mass, left atrial size, and increase in body fat over a 2-year period in a population-based sample of children. Our study included 170 children aged 8-11 years. Total fat mass and abdominal fat were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322550/hyposalivation-and-10-year-all-cause-mortality-in-an-elderly-japanese-population
#5
Masanori Iwasaki, Wenche S Borgnakke, Akihiro Yoshihara, Kayoko Ito, Hiroshi Ogawa, Kaname Nohno, Misuzu Sato, Kumiko Minagawa, Toshihiro Ansai, Hideo Miyazaki
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of salivary flow rate with all-cause mortality among older Japanese adults. We hypothesised that hyposalivation would be a marker for mortality. BACKGROUND: Hyposalivation, which is an objectively measurable decrease in salivary flow, is highly prevalent among older adults. It is associated with malnutrition and poor general health. METHODS: The study population comprised 600 community-dwelling Japanese adults (306 men and 294 women), who were 70 years old at baseline...
January 10, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322314/cognitive-impairment-is-associated-with-elevated-serum-homocysteine-levels-among-older-adults
#6
Sunghee Kim, Bo Youl Choi, Jung Hyun Nam, Mi Kyung Kim, Dong Hoon Oh, Yoon Jung Yang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between the risk of cognitive impairment and the serum levels of folate, vitamin B12, and homocysteine (Hcy). METHODS: Subjects were persons aged 60-79 years who participated in the Yangpyeong Cohort study between 2011 and 2012. Cognitive impairment and normal subjects consisted of 100 pairs of old adults matched by age, sex, and education levels. Cognitive function was evaluated with the Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination for Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS)...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320380/reducing-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-nonselected-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-a-30-month-program
#7
Peter Hjorth, Caroline H Espensen, Nikolaj J Madsen, Anne G Viuff, Povl Munk-Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is 2- to 3-fold more common in patients with schizophrenia than in the general population. A lifestyle with a focus on diet, exercise, and medication is required to prevent complications from type 2 diabetes, but patients with schizophrenia frequently have trouble maintaining such a lifestyle because of factors related to their illness, such as cognitive disturbances, negative and positive symptoms, and side effects of psychotropic medications. OBJECTIVE: To measure and reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes in patients with schizophrenia and examine characteristics associated with positive outcomes...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318637/factors-increasing-the-risk-for-a-severe-reaction-in-anaphylaxis-an-analysis-of-data-from-the-european-anaphylaxis-registry
#8
Margitta Worm, Wojciech Francuzik, Jean-Marie Renaudin, Maria Beatrice Bilo, Victòria Cardona, Kathrin Scherer Hofmeier, Alice Köhli, Andrea Bauer, George Christoff, Ewa Cichocka-Jarosz, Thomas Hawranek, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Lars Lange, Vera Mahler, Antonella Muraro, Nikolaos G Papadopoulos, Claudia Pföhler, Iwona Poziomkowska-Gęsicka, Franziska Ruëff, Thomas Spindler, Regina Treudler, Montserrat Fernandez-Rivas, Sabine Dölle
BACKGROUND: Preventive measures to decrease the frequency and intensity of anaphylactic events are essential to provide optimal care for allergic patients. Aggravating factors may trigger or increase the severity of anaphylaxis and therefore need to be recognized and avoided. OBJECTIVE: To identify and prioritize factors associated with an increased risk of developing severe anaphylaxis. METHODS: Data from the Anaphylaxis Registry (122 centers in 11 European countries) was used in logistic regression models considering existing severity grading systems, elicitors, and symptoms to identify the relative risk of factors on the severity of anaphylaxis...
January 10, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314646/right-ventricular-contractile-reserve-in-tetralogy-of-fallot-patients-with-pulmonary-regurgitation
#9
Clotilde Kingsley, Saad Ahmad, John Pappachan, Sujata Khambekar, Thomas Smith, Diane Gardiner, James Shambrook, Shankar Baskar, Ryan Moore, Gruschen Veldtman
BACKGROUND: The right ventricular (RV) contractile reserve is a measure of the dynamic function of the RV and is a sensitive indicator of volume load. This can be measured noninvasively using the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) during exercise. We studied the RV contractile reserve of patients after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair with varying degree of RV dilation and pulmonary regurgitation (PR), and compared them to a control group. METHODS: Twenty-six patients who had undergone TOF repair (mean age 29 ± 10 years) were identified and stratified into three group based on the presence and severity of RV dilation and PR...
January 5, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313373/the-prognostic-significance-of-improvement-in-exercise-capacity-in-heart-failure-patients-who-participate-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-programme
#10
Avi Sabbag, Israel Mazin, David Rott, Ilan Hay, Nelly Gang, Boaz Tzur, Ronen Goldkorn, Ilan Goldenberg, Robert Klempfner, Ariel Israel
Introduction There are limited contemporary data regarding the association between improvement in cardiovascular fitness in heart failure patients who participate in a cardiac rehabilitation programme and the risk of subsequent hospitalisations. Methods The study population comprised 421 patients with heart failure who participated in our cardiac rehabilitation programme between the years 2009 and 2016. All were evaluated by a standard exercise stress test before initiation, and underwent a second exercise stress test on completion of 3 ± 1 months of training...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313111/long-term-swimming-training-modifies-acute-immune-cell-response-to-a-high-intensity-session
#11
José P Morgado, Cristina P Monteiro, Catarina N Matias, Joana F Reis, Júlia Teles, Maria José Laires, Francisco Alves
PURPOSE: Long-term training influence on athletes' immune cell response to acute exercise has been poorly studied, despite the complexity of both chronic and acute adaptations induced by training. The purpose of the study is to study the influence of a 4-month swimming training cycle on the immune cell response to a high-intensity training session, during 24 h of recovery, considering sex, maturity, and age group. METHODS: Forty-three swimmers (16 females, 14.4 ± 1...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305036/right-ventricular-structure-and-function-in-the-veteran-ultramarathon-runner-is-there-evidence-for-chronic-maladaptation
#12
Oliver Rothwell, Keith George, John Somauroo, Rachel Lord, Mike Stembridge, Rob Shave, Martin D Hoffman, Mathew Wilson, Euan Ashley, Francois Haddad, Thijs M H Eijsvogels, David Oxborough
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that chronic exposure to prolonged strenuous exercise may result in maladaptation of the right ventricle (RV). The of this study aim was to establish RV structure and function, including septal insertion points, using conventional echocardiography and myocardial strain (ε) imaging in a veteran population of ultramarathon runners (UR) and age- and sex-matched controls. METHODS: A retrospective study design provided 40 UR (>35 years old; mean ± SD training experience, 18 ± 12 years) and 24 sedentary controls who had previously undergone conventional two-dimensional, tissue Doppler and speckle-tracking echocardiography to measure RV size and function...
January 3, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305016/-design-and-validation-of-the-scale-for-the-detection-of-violence-in-courtship-in-young-people-in-the-sevilla-university-spain
#13
María Ángeles García-Carpintero, Javier Rodríguez-Santero, Ana María Porcel-Gálvez
OBJECTIVE: To design and validate a specific instrument to detect exercised and suffered in the relations of young couples in violence. METHOD: Descriptive study of validation clinimetric. Stratified by sex and area of knowledge, which was adopted as inclusion criteria have or have had any relationship. The sample consisted of 447 subjects. RESULTS: We obtained the Multidimensional Scale Dating Violence (EMVN), 32 items with three dimensions: physical and sexual assault, behavior control (cyberbullying, surveillance and harassment) and abuse psicoemocional (disparagement and domination), as a victim or as aggressor...
January 2, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294572/-study-on-the-correlation-between-depression-and-emotion-regulation-strategies-in-the-elderly-residents
#14
J M Niu, F Z Kong, Y T Zhang, Y X Shang
Objective: To explore the cross-sectional study of depressive and emotional regulation strategies of elderly residents in Yinchuan and their relationship. Methods: A total number of 1 043 elderly cases, including 505 from 5 nursing institutions and 538 from 5 communities in Yinchuan city were chosen, from March to May, 2016. Depression survey using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), emotional adjustment strategies were conducted using the Gross Emotional Regulatory Questionnaire and the Rumination Scale...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290219/associations-of-obesity-and-weight-change-with-physical-and-mental-impairments-in-elderly-chinese-people
#15
Jingjing Zhu, Yong-Bing Xiang, Hui Cai, Honglan Li, Yu-Tang Gao, Wei Zheng, Xiao-Ou Shu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between anthropometric measurements and functional impairments in a sample of urban elderly Chinese people. METHODS: In two population-based cohort studies, the Shanghai Women's Health Study (SWHS) and Shanghai Men's Health Study (SMHS), 11,505 men and 17,166 women aged 70-88 years at the time of the functional assessment were studied. Weight history was collected and anthropometric data were taken at study enrollment (from 1996 to 2000 for the SWHS, 2002-2006 for the SMHS)...
February 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289451/mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#16
Laura Ludovica Gramegna, Maria Pia Giannoccaro, David Neil Manners, Claudia Testa, Stefano Zanigni, Stefania Evangelisti, Claudio Bianchini, Federico Oppi, Roberto Poda, Patrizia Avoni, Raffaele Lodi, Rocco Liguori, Caterina Tonon
The pathophysiological mechanism linking the nucleotide expansion in the DMPK gene to the clinical manifestations of myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is still unclear. In vitro studies demonstrate DMPK involvement in the redox homeostasis of cells and the mitochondrial dysfunction in DM1, but in vivo investigations of oxidative metabolism in skeletal muscle have provided ambiguous results and have never been performed in the brain. Twenty-five DM1 patients (14M, 39 ± 11years) underwent brain proton MR spectroscopy (1H-MRS), and sixteen cases (9M, 40 ± 13 years old) also calf muscle phosphorus MRS (31P-MRS)...
November 14, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288691/a-prospective-study-of-the-impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-restrictive-and-obstructive-lung-function-impairment-the-saku-study
#17
Nao Sonoda, Akiko Morimoto, Yukako Tatsumi, Kei Asayama, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Satoshi Izawa, Yuko Ohno
BACKGROUND: To assess the impact of diabetes on restrictive and obstructive lung function impairment. METHODS: This 5-year prospective study included 7524 participants aged 40-69years without lung function impairment at baseline who underwent a comprehensive medical check-up between April 2008 and March 2009 at Saku Central Hospital. Diabetes was defined by fasting plasma glucose ≥7.0mmol/l (126mg/dl), HbA1c≥6.5% (48mmol/mol), or a history of diabetes, as determined by interviews conducted by the physicians...
December 28, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281076/impaired-baroreflex-sensitivity-carotid-stiffness-and-exaggerated-exercise-blood-pressure-a-community-based-analysis-from-the-paris-prospective-study-iii
#18
James E Sharman, Pierre Boutouyrie, Marie-Cécile Perier, Frédérique Thomas, Catherine Guibout, Hakim Khettab, Bruno Pannier, Stéphane Laurent, Xavier Jouven, Jean-Philippe Empana
Aims: People with exaggerated exercise blood pressure (BP) have adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Mechanisms are unknown but could be explained through impaired neural baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and/or large artery stiffness. This study aimed to determine the associations of carotid BRS and carotid stiffness with exaggerated exercise BP. Methods and results: Blood pressure was recorded at rest and following an exercise step-test among 8976 adults aged 50 to 75 years from the Paris Prospective Study III...
December 21, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280666/-bone-metabolism-in-child-and-adolescent-athletes-a-systematic-review
#19
Marta Rapún López, Hugo Olmedillas, Francisco Pradas de la Fuente, Alba Gómez-Cabello, Alejandro González-Agüero, José Antonio Casajús, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise is beneficial for the prevention of osteoporosis. Bone metabolism markers are the main indicators of metabolic balance and may indicate early risk in bone tissue. AIM: This systematic review aims to summarize and update present knowledge about bone metabolism markers in child and adolescent athletes. METHOD: Literature search was conducted up to March 2017 in PubMed and Sport Discus. A total of 19 studies (case-control, longitudinal and randomized control trials) met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review...
November 16, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275061/deterioration-of-chronotropic-responses-and-heart-rate-recovery-indices-in-men-with-erectile-dysfunction
#20
Faruk Kucukdurmaz, Gurkan Acar, Sefa Resim
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) and cardiovascular (CV) diseases share common risk factors and ED has been accepted as an early manifestation of CV disease. Exercise stress testing (EST) is used to evaluate CV functions in men with ED. Low exercise workload, a slower heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise, and inability to increase heart rate during EST (chronotropic incompetence) are independent negative predictors of adverse CV outcomes. AIM: To assess the association among EST parameters, ED, and testosterone levels...
December 20, 2017: Sexual Medicine
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