keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sns

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898588/the-gut-peptide-neuropeptide-y-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#1
Ann M Rasmusson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the role of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the pathophysiology of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with which PTSD is highly comorbid. NPY is low in the cerebrospinal fluid and plasma of male combat veterans with PTSD and correlates negatively with sympathetic nervous system (SNS) hyperreactivity, PTSD symptoms and time to recovery. NPY regulation has not yet been evaluated in women with PTSD...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887683/sacral-nerve-stimulation-allows-for-decreased-antegrade-continence-enema-use-in-children-with-severe-constipation
#2
Peter L Lu, Lindsey Asti, Daniel L Lodwick, Kristine M Nacion, Katherine J Deans, Peter C Minneci, Steven Teich, Seth A Alpert, Desale Yacob, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Hayat M Mousa
BACKGROUND: Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) can be beneficial for children with constipation, but no studies have focused on children with constipation severe enough to require antegrade continence enemas (ACEs). Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of SNS in children with constipation treated with ACE. METHODS: Using a prospective patient registry, we identified patients <21years old who were receiving ACE prior to SNS placement. We compared ACE/laxative usage, PedsQL Gastrointestinal Symptom Scale (GSS), Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (FIQL), Fecal Incontinence Severity Index (FISI), and Vancouver Dysfunctional Elimination Syndrome Score (DES) at baseline and progressive follow-up time intervals...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881398/separate-and-shared-sympathetic-outflow-to-white-and-brown-fat-coordinately-regulate-thermoregulation-and-beige-adipocyte-recruitment
#3
Ngoc Ly T Nguyen, Candace L Barr, Vitaly Ryu, Qiang Cao, Bingzhong Xue, Timothy J Bartness
White adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT) are innervated and regulated by the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). It is not clear, however, whether there are shared or separate central SNS outflows to WAT and BAT that regulate their function. We injected two isogenic strains of pseudorabies virus, a retrograde transneuronal viral tract tracer, with unique fluorescent reporters into interscapular BAT (IBAT) and inguinal WAT (IWAT) of the same Siberian hamsters to define SNS pathways to both. To test the functional importance of SNS coordinated control of BAT and WAT, we exposed hamsters with denervated SNS nerves to IBAT to 4°C for 16-24 hours, and measured core and fat temperatures, and norepinephrine turnover (NETO) and uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) expression in fat tissues...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881357/social-networking-sites-depression-and-anxiety-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Elizabeth M Seabrook, Margaret L Kern, Nikki S Rickard
BACKGROUND: Social networking sites (SNSs) have become a pervasive part of modern culture, which may also affect mental health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify and summarize research examining depression and anxiety in the context of SNSs. It also aimed to identify studies that complement the assessment of mental illness with measures of well-being and examine moderators and mediators that add to the complexity of this environment. METHODS: A multidatabase search was performed...
November 23, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869256/two-new-phases-of-monolayer-group-iv-monochalcogenides-and-their-piezoelectric-properties
#5
Ting Hu, Jinming Dong
Two stable structural phases of the monolayer group-IV monochalcogenides GeS, GeSe, SnS and SnSe have been found using first-principles calculations, and will be called as A-MX and H-MX. It is found that these two new phases are energetically nearly degenerate with the pristine phase Z-MX and are semiconductors for all four group-IV monochalcogenides. The band gaps of A-MX range from 1.62 eV to 1.86 eV, while H-MX exhibits wider band gaps in the range from 2.21 eV to 2.47 eV. Moreover, both of them exhibit significant piezoelectric properties...
November 30, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866303/anesthetic-technique-and-cancer-recurrence-in-oncologic-surgery-unraveling-the-puzzle
#6
Ryungsa Kim
Surgery/anesthetic technique-stimulated immunosuppression in the perioperative period might cause an increase in cancer-related mortality. Whether anesthetic technique can affect the outcomes of cancer patients remains inconclusive. This review discusses data from the available literature on anesthetic techniques applied in oncologic surgery, the long-term outcomes of anesthetic technique, and their relation to survival and cancer recurrence. Searches of the PubMed database up to June 30, 2016, were conducted to identify publications with the terms "anesthetic technique and cancer recurrence," "regional anesthesia and cancer recurrence," "local anesthesia and cancer recurrence," "anesthetic technique and immunosuppression," and "anesthetic technique and oncologic surgery...
November 19, 2016: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865779/impairment-of-neurovascular-coupling-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-rats-is-prevented-by-pancreatic-islet-transplantation-and-reversed-by-a-semi-selective-pkc-inhibitor
#7
Francesco Vetri, Meirigeng Qi, Haoliang Xu, Jose Oberholzer, Chanannait Paisansathan
Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced chronic hyperglycemia has a detrimental effect on neurovascular coupling, linked to increased PKC-mediated phosphorylation and PKC isoform expression changes. Here, we sought to determine whether: 1) selective PKC-α/β/γ inhibitor, GF109203X, could reverse the effects of chronic hyperglycemia on cerebrovascular reactivity; 2) pancreatic islet transplantation could prevent the development of cerebrovascular impairment seen in a rat model of Type 1 Diabetes. We studied the effect of GF109203X in diabetic (DM), non-diabetic (ND), and transplanted (TR) Lewis rats during either sciatic nerve stimulation (SNS) or the topical applications of the large-conductance Ca(2+)-operated K(+) (BKCa) channel opener, NS1619, or the K(+) inward rectifier (Kir) channel agonist, KCl...
November 16, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864671/effects-of-polymer-based-silver-nanoparticle-coated-silicone-splints-on-the-nasal-mucosa-of-rats
#8
Sultan Şevik Eliçora, Duygu Erdem, Aykut Erdem Dinç, Özlem Altunordu Kalaycı, Baki Hazer, Gamze Yurdakan, Canan Külah
Infection is a serious complication after nasal packing that otolaryngologists seek to avoid. The aim of this study is to investigate the use of silver (Ag) nanoparticle, which serves as antimicrobial agents, with nasal tampons. The study design is an experimental animal model and the setting is tertiary referral center. Twenty-four rats were randomized into the following four groups: (1) control group (n = 6); (2) silicone nasal splint (SNS) group (n  =  6); (3) polypropylene-grafted polyethylene glycol (PP-g-PEG) amphiphilic graft copolymer-coated SNS group (n  =  6); and (4) Ag nanoparticle-embedded PP-g-PEG (Ag-PP-g-PEG) amphiphilic graft copolymer-coated SNS group (n  =  6)...
November 18, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860234/probing-the-response-of-human-osteoblasts-following-exposure-to-sympathetic-neuron-like-pc-12-cells-in-a-3d-co-culture-model
#9
Josh Erndt-Marino, Mariah S Hahn
Understanding the capacity of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) to regulate bone homeostasis has implications for a number of metabolic diseases and may help establish connections between certain neurological conditions and bone quality. The goal of the present work was to gain a deeper understanding of the influence of the SNS on the phenotype of osteoblasts, a major cell type in bone. An in vitro co-culture model with human osteoblasts and sympathetic-like, neuroendocrine pheochromocytoma-12 (PC-12) encapsulated within separate 3D poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) hydrogels was utilized to assess markers involved with bone ECM formation and osteoclast formation...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857694/comparable-attenuation-of-sympathetic-nervous-system-activity-in-obese-subjects-with-normal-glucose-tolerance-impaired-glucose-tolerance-and-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-type-2-diabetes-following-equivalent-weight-loss
#10
Nora E Straznicky, Mariee T Grima, Carolina I Sari, Elisabeth A Lambert, Sarah E Phillips, Nina Eikelis, Justin A Mariani, Daisuke Kobayashi, Dagmara Hering, John B Dixon, Gavin W Lambert
Background and Purpose: Elevated sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity is a characteristic of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) that contributes to target organ damage and cardiovascular risk. In this study we examined whether baseline metabolic status influences the degree of sympathoinhibition attained following equivalent dietary weight loss. Methods: Un-medicated obese individuals categorized as normal glucose tolerant (NGT, n = 15), impaired glucose tolerant (IGT, n = 24), and newly-diagnosed T2D (n = 15) consumed a hypocaloric diet (29% fat, 23% protein, 45% carbohydrate) for 4-months...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855266/instagram-use-loneliness-and-social-comparison-orientation-interact-and-browse-on-social-media-but-don-t-compare
#11
Chia-Chen Yang
Ever since the emergence of social networking sites (SNSs), it has remained a question without a conclusive answer whether SNSs make people more or less lonely. To achieve a better understanding, researchers need to move beyond studying overall SNS usage. In addition, it is necessary to attend to personal attributes as potential moderators. Given that SNSs provide rich opportunities for social comparison, one highly relevant personality trait would be social comparison orientation (SCO), and yet this personal attribute has been understudied in social media research...
November 17, 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853235/intestinal-ppar%C3%AE-signalling-is-required-for-sympathetic-nervous-system-activation-in-response-to-caloric-restriction
#12
Kalina Duszka, Alexandre Picard, Sandrine Ellero-Simatos, Jiapeng Chen, Marianne Defernez, Eeswari Paramalingam, Anna Pigram, Liviu Vanoaica, Cécile Canlet, Paolo Parini, Arjan Narbad, Hervé Guillou, Bernard Thorens, Walter Wahli
Nuclear receptor PPARγ has been proven to affect metabolism in multiple tissues, and has received considerable attention for its involvement in colon cancer and inflammatory disease. However, its role in intestinal metabolism has been largely ignored. To investigate this potential aspect of PPARγ function, we submitted intestinal epithelium-specific PPARγ knockout mice (iePPARγKO) to a two-week period of 25% caloric restriction (CR), following which iePPARγKO mice retained more fat than their wild type littermates...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846437/-if-i-don-t-look-good-it-just-doesn-t-go-up-a-qualitative-study-of-young-women-s-drinking-cultures-and-practices-on-social-network-site
#13
Amanda Marie Atkinson, Harry Robin Sumnall
BACKGROUND: Young women in the UK often partake in a culture of intoxication in the pursuit of pleasure and friendship fun. Experiences of intoxication and drinking spaces remain highly gendered and relative to men, women continue to find their behaviours in drinking spaces more constrained and scrutinised. Simultaneously, young women now express themselves via Social Network Sites (SNS), where they display drinking experiences and where they perform, negotiate and display contemporary femininities...
November 12, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832858/effects-of-equivalent-sympathetic-activation-during-hypoglycemia-on-endothelial-function-and-pro-atherothrombotic-balance-in-healthy-individuals-and-obese-standard-treated-type-2-diabetes
#14
Nino G Joy, Maia Mikeladze, Lisa M Younk, Donna B Tate, Stephen N Davis
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies in type 2 diabetes have reported an association between hypoglycemia and severe cardiovascular adverse events, which are relatively increased in standard versus intensively treated individuals. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of equivalent sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity during moderate hypoglycemia on in-vivo endothelial function, pro-inflammatory, pro-atherothrombotic, and pro-coagulant responses in healthy and standard treated type 2 diabetes individuals...
December 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825900/relational-victimization-and-depressive-symptoms-the-role-of-autonomic-nervous-system-reactivity-in-emerging-adults
#15
Leigh Ann Holterman, Dianna K Murray-Close, Nicole L Breslend
The goal of the current study was to investigate the association between relational victimization, defined as being the target of aggressive acts that damage relationships (e.g., gossip, social exclusion) and depressive symptoms during the relatively understudied developmental period of emerging adulthood. In addition, as individual differences in stress reactivity may influence the outcomes associated with victimization by peers, the moderating roles of sympathetic nervous system (SNS; as measured by skin conductance reactivity) and parasympathetic nervous system (PNS; as measured by respiratory sinus arrhythmia) reactivity to social and non-social stressors were examined...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820654/the-consistency-in-macronutrient-oxidation-and-the-role-for-epinephrine-in-the-response-to-fasting-and-overfeeding
#16
Karyne Lima Vinales, Mathias Schlögl, Paolo Piaggi, Maximilian Hohenadel, Alexis Graham, Susan Bonfiglio, Jonathan Krakoff, Marie S Thearle
CONTEXT: In humans, dietary versus intra-individual determinants of macronutrient oxidation preference and the role of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) during short-term overfeeding and fasting are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To understand the influence of diet and the SNS during 24-h of overfeeding on metabolic changes. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: While residing on a clinical research unit, 64 participants with normal glucose regulation were assessed during energy balance, fasting, and four 24-h overfeeding diets, given in random order...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819366/screening-limited-switching-performance-of-multilayer-2d-semiconductor-fets-the-case-for-sns
#17
Sukrit Sucharitakul, U Rajesh Kumar, Raman Sankar, Fang-Cheng Chou, Yit-Tsong Chen, Chuhan Wang, Cai He, Rui He, Xuan P A Gao
Gate tunable p-type multilayer tin mono-sulfide (SnS) field-effect transistor (FET) devices with SnS thickness between 50 and 100 nm were fabricated and studied to understand their performance. The devices showed anisotropic inplane conductance and room temperature field effect mobilities ∼5-10 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1). However, the devices showed an ON-OFF ratio ∼10 at room temperature due to appreciable OFF state conductance. The weak gate tuning behavior and finite OFF state conductance in the depletion regime of SnS devices are explained by the finite carrier screening length effect which causes the existence of a conductive surface layer from defect induced holes in SnS...
December 7, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814850/t4-syndrome-a-distinct-theoretical-concept-or-elusive-clinical-entity-a-case-report
#18
Patricia Miyuki Hirai, Oliver P Thomson
T4 syndrome has existed as a clinical concept for more than three decades and it has been identified as a source of upper extremity (UE) symptoms. This case report explores the clinical reasoning in the diagnoses and management of a patient with symptoms consistent with T4-type syndrome and critically discusses the concept of T4 syndrome using recent research to help explain the clinical presentation. Manual therapy treatment focused on stimulation of the sympathetic ganglia, decreasing local upper thoracic pain and UE referral pattern noted during passive examination...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812338/systemic-case-formulation-individualized-process-monitoring-and-state-dynamics-in-a-case-of-dissociative-identity-disorder
#19
Günter K Schiepek, Barbara Stöger-Schmidinger, Wolfgang Aichhorn, Helmut Schöller, Benjamin Aas
Objective: The aim of this case report is to demonstrate the feasibility of a systemic procedure (synergetic process management) including modeling of the idiographic psychological system and continuous high-frequency monitoring of change dynamics in a case of dissociative identity disorder. The psychotherapy was realized in a day treatment center with a female client diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and dissociative identity disorder. Methods: A three hour long co-creative session at the beginning of the treatment period allowed for modeling the systemic network of the client's dynamics of cognitions, emotions, and behavior...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811394/sympathetic-neurotransmitters-promote-the-process-of-recellularization-in-decellularized-liver-matrix-via-activating-the-il-6-stat3-pathway
#20
Xudong Wen, Hongbo Huan, Xiaojun Wang, Xuejiao Chen, Lili Wu, Yujun Zhang, Weihui Liu, Ping Bie, Feng Xia
Recellularized liver, as an approach for hepatic tissue engineering, is an effective alternative to orthotopic liver transplantation for end-stage hepatic failure. When compared with normal liver, recellularized liver has a disparity in hepatocyte viability and function, owing to the difficulty of fully simulating the microenvironment of liver. Although the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is considered an important constituent of liver function, few studies have examined the effect of the SNS on hepatic tissue engineering...
November 4, 2016: Biomedical Materials
keyword
keyword
44595
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"