Read by QxMD icon Read


C Isbert
The Contour® Transtar™ operation represents a further methodological development of conventional transanal stapled rectal resection (STARR) for the treatment of obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) and/or full thickness rectal prolapse. In contrast to the conventional STARR technique a specially designed single curved stapler is used with which the rectal wall is incised in a circular fashion and anastomosed. This results in a monoblock resection with almost unlimited extent of resection. In multicenter studies the procedure has generally been shown to be effective for treatment of ODS with intussusception and rectocele...
October 14, 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
David O Prichard, Taehee Lee, Gopanandan Parthasarathy, Joel G Fletcher, Alan R Zinsmeister, Adil E Bharucha
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Contrary to conventional wisdom, the rectoanal gradient during evacuation is negative in many healthy people, undermining the utility of anorectal high resolution manometry (HRM) for diagnosing defecatory disorders. We aimed to compare HRM and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for assessing rectal evacuation and structural abnormalities. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 118 patients (all female; 51 with constipation, 48 with fecal incontinence, and 19 with rectal prolapse; age, 53±1 years) assessed by HRM, the rectal balloon expulsion test (BET), and MRI at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, from February 2011 through March 2013...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Wei-Cheng Liu, Song-Lin Wan, S M Yaseen, Xiang-Hai Ren, Cui-Ping Tian, Zhao Ding, Ken-Yan Zheng, Yun-Hua Wu, Cong-Qing Jiang, Qun Qian
Obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) is a functional disorder commonly encountered by colorectal surgeons and gastroenterologists, and greatly affects the quality of life of patients from both societal and psychological aspects. The underlying anatomical and pathophysiological changes of ODS are complex. However, intra-rectal intussusception and rectocele are frequently found in patients with ODS and both are thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of ODS. With the development of evaluation methods in anorectal physiology laboratories and radiology studies, a great variety of new operative procedures, especially transanal procedures, have been invented to treat ODS...
September 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
O Schwandner
Anterior rectocele is a common morphological condition in patients with obstructive defecation syndrome. Typical symptoms include incomplete evacuation, transanal or transvaginal digitation and soiling, which is frequently interpreted as fecal incontinence. Diagnosis of rectocele is made clinically and functional assessment of rectocele can be performed by dynamic imaging, e.g. by magnetic resonance (MR) defecography. Primary treatment should be conservative. Concerning surgical treatment, transanal, transperineal, transvaginal and transabdominal procedures are available...
September 20, 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Muhammad Naeem, Mariyah Anwer, Muhammad Shamim Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: To find out the short term outcomes of effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic ventral rectopexy for rectal prolapse. METHODS: It was a descriptive case series study of 31 consecutive patients of rectal prolapse in Colorectal division of Ward 2, Department of General surgery, Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Center, Karachi, from November 2009 to November 2015. These patients were admitted through outpatient department with complains of something coming out of anus, constipation and per rectal bleeding...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Carolyn W Swenson, Tovia M Smith, Jiajia Luo, Giselle E Kolenic, James A Ashton-Miller, John O DeLancey
BACKGROUND: It is unknown how initial cervix location and cervical support resistance to traction, which we term "apical support stiffness," compare in women with different patterns of pelvic organ support. Defining a normal range of apical support stiffness is important to better understand the pathophysiology of apical support loss. OBJECTIVE: The aims of our study were to determine whether: (1) women with normal apical support on clinic Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification, but with vaginal wall prolapse (cystocele and/or rectocele), have the same intraoperative cervix location and apical support stiffness as women with normal pelvic support; and (2) all women with apical prolapse have abnormal intraoperative cervix location and apical support stiffness...
September 8, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
F Cour, L Le Normand, G Meurette
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to review the safety and efficacy of surgery for posterior vaginal wall prolapse by vaginal route, in order to identify a therapeutic algorithm based on benefit/risk evaluation of each surgical procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a review of the litterature published up to september 2015 (PubMed, Medline, Cochrane library, Cochrane database of systemactic reviews) according to the HAS methodology. Level evidence (1 to 4) was determined for each study as well as evidence based recommendations (A, B, C or professional agreement)...
July 2016: Progrès en Urologie
L Wagner, G Meurette, A Vidart, S Warembourg, J-B Terassa, N Berrogain, E Ragni, L Le Normand
INTRODUCTION: Open sacrocolpopexy have demonstrated its efficiency in surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse with an important backward on a large number of patients. Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy reproduced the same surgical technique with reduced morbidity and may benefits from the recent development of robotic. Numerous technical variants have been developped around the original procedure but results seems not ever equivalent. Our objectives are to establish practical recommendations issues from the data of the litterature on the various technical aspects of this technique...
July 2016: Progrès en Urologie
L Le Normand, M Cosson, F Cour, X Deffieux, L Donon, P Ferry, B Fatton, J-F Hermieu, H Marret, G Meurette, A Cortesse, L Wagner, X Fritel
OBJECTIVE: Providing clinical practice guidelines for first surgical treatment of female pelvic organ prolapse. METHODS: Systematic literature review, level of evidence rating, external proofreading, and grading of recommendations by 5 French academic societies: Association française d'urologie, Collège national des gynécologues et obstétriciens français, Société interdisciplinaire d'urodynamique et de pelvi-périnéologie, Société nationale française de coloproctologie, and Société de chirurgie gynécologique et pelvienne...
July 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Brito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Péter Törzsök, Sophina Bauer, Rosemarie Forstner, Karl-Dietrich Sievert, Günter Janetschek, Reinhold Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: Women who undergo cystectomy with orthotopic ileal neobladder are more likely to have urinary retention and neocystocele mainly because of anatomical reasons than stress urinary incontinence. The risk is even higher in case of neurologic comorbidities, as in case of our patient. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a laparoscopic mesh insertion for sacrospinal colposuspension to prevent a neocystocele and pelvic organ prolapse in combination with laparoscopic radical cystectomy in a female patient suffering from bladder cancer and chronic episodic multiple sclerosis...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
O Schwandner, P Hillemanns
Rectal intussusception and ventral rectocele are frequent morphological findings in patients suffering from obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS). After failed conservative treatment a surgical option can be discussed. Surgical approaches include the stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) procedure, which is performed as a transanal approach by using two circular (PPH01) staplers for ventral and dorsal full-thickness resection of the distal rectum. Both retrospective and prospective studies as well as data from the German STARR registry demonstrated that the STARR procedure is safe and effective for symptom improvement and resolution in ODS associated with rectal intussusception in the short-term; however, disappointing functional results, particularly related to fecal incontinence and urgency, severe complications and high rates of revision surgery have also been documented...
August 17, 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
S Kersting, K-P Jung, E Berg
BACKGROUND: In rectopexy the use of meshes provides stability by mechanical support as well as by the induction of scar formation; however, one of the problems of conventional methods of mesh rectopexy is that many patients postoperatively suffer from functional disorders, such as fecal incontinence and stool evacuation disorders. One reason is the damage of vegetative nerves following dorsal and lateral mobilization of the rectum, which is required for positioning of the mesh. In 2004 D'Hoore and Penninckx first described the method of ventral rectopexy, a new technique of mesh rectopexy which allows preservation of the autonomic nerves...
August 11, 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Hebatallah Hassan Mamdouh Hassan, Abdelaziz Mohamed Elnekiedy, Walid Galal Elshazly, Nagy N N Naguib
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of dynamic MR defecography before rectal filling in detecting occult anterior compartment prolapse in patients with obstructed defecation. METHODS: This prospective study was approved by the ethics committee. Seventy six females with obstructed defecation underwent dynamic MR defecography before and after rectal filling. Pre-rectal and post-rectal filling sequences were interpreted separately by two radiologists on two different settings with a time interval of one week...
September 2016: European Journal of Radiology
Rania Farouk El Sayed, Celine D Alt, Francesca Maccioni, Matthias Meissnitzer, Gabriele Masselli, Lucia Manganaro, Valeria Vinci, Dominik Weishaupt
OBJECTIVE: To develop recommendations that can be used as guidance for standardized approach regarding indications, patient preparation, sequences acquisition, interpretation and reporting of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosis and grading of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD). METHODS: The technique included critical literature between 1993 and 2013 and expert consensus about MRI protocols by the pelvic floor-imaging working group of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) and the European Society of Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Radiology (ESGAR) from one Egyptian and seven European institutions...
August 3, 2016: European Radiology
Bin Quan, Qiyi Chen, Jun Jiang, Ling Ni, Rongrong Tang, Yu Huang, Yifang Shi, Ning Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety, efficacy and long-term outcomes of Jinling procedure in the treatment of adult Hirschsprung disease. METHODS: Clinical and follow-up data of 125 patients with adult Hirschsprung disease undergoing Jinling procedure at the Department of General Surgery between January 2000 and January 2013 were summarized. All the patients were diagnosed by CT, barium enema, anorectal pressure detection and pathology examination. Abdominal symptoms, gastrointestinal quality of life index(GIQLI, the lower score, the worse quality of life), Wexner constipation score (higher score indicated worse symptom), defecography (evaluation included rectocele, mucosal prolapse, intramucosal intussusception, perineal prolapse) and other operative complications were compared before and after operation...
July 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Lene Duch Madsen, Emil Nüssler, Ulrik Schiøler Kesmodel, Susanne Greisen, Karl Møller Bek, Marianne Glavind-Kristensen
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated patient-reported outcomes and complications after treatment of isolated primary rectocele in routine health-care settings using native-tissue repair or nonabsorbable mesh. METHODS: We used prospective data from the Swedish National Register for Gynaecological Surgery and included 3988 women with a primary operation for rectocele between 2006 and 2014: 3908 women had native-tissue repair, 80 were operated with nonabsorbable mesh. No concurrent operations were performed...
July 5, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Adolfo Renzi, Antonio Brillantino, Giandomenico Di Sarno, Francesco D'Aniello, Giuseppe Ferulano Md, Armando Falato
BACKGROUND: After initial enthusiasm in the use of a dedicated curved stapler (CCS-30 Contour Transtar) to perform stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) for obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS), difficulties have emerged in this surgical technique. OBJECTIVE: First, to compare surgeons' perception of difficulties of STARR performed with only Transtar versus STARR performed with the combined use of linear staplers and Transtar to cure ODS associated with large internal prolapse and rectocele; second, to compare the postoperative incidence of the urge to defecate between the 2 STARR procedures...
July 1, 2016: Surgical Innovation
X H Ren, S M Yaseen, Y L Cao, W C Liu, S Shrestha, Z Ding, Y H Wu, K Y Zheng, Q Qian, C Q Jiang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the safety, efficacy and outcomes of TST STARR (Stapled Transanal Rectal Resection) plus to treat Obstructed Defecation Syndrome (ODS) at mid-term follow-up. METHODS: From April 2013 to September 2014, 50 cases (7 male patients) with ODS caused by rectocele and/or internal rectal prolapse were treated with the new TST STARR Plus. Clinical data from the 18 month mid-term follow up, including efficacy and constipations were recorded...
August 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Jan J van Iersel, Tim J C Paulides, Paul M Verheijen, John W Lumley, Ivo A M J Broeders, Esther C J Consten
External and internal rectal prolapse with their affiliated rectocele and enterocele, are associated with debilitating symptoms such as obstructed defecation, pelvic pain and faecal incontinence. Since perineal procedures are associated with a higher recurrence rate, an abdominal approach is commonly preferred. Despite the description of greater than three hundred different procedures, thus far no clear superiority of one surgical technique has been demonstrated. Ventral mesh rectopexy (VMR) is a relatively new and promising technique to correct rectal prolapse...
June 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"