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Rectal prolapse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192733/prospective-long-term-results-complications-and-risk-factors-in-pelvic-organ-prolapse-treatment-with-vaginal-mesh
#1
Inés M Laso-García, Miguel A Rodríguez-Cabello, Miguel A Jiménez-Cidre, Andrea Orosa-Andrada, David Carracedo-Calvo, Luis López-Fando, Francisco J Burgos-Revilla
OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term results and complications of pelvic organ prolapse treatment with transvaginal mesh. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study of 75 women who underwent surgery between 2005 and 2008 by the same surgeon. 44 patients (58,7%) underwent concomitant treatment of stress urinary incontinence. Anatomical criterion for failure was prolapse grade >I in any compartment. Analysis of functional features consisted of an assessment of urinary, sexual, and defecation symptoms, and pelvic pain...
February 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186368/gastrointestinal-involvement-in-the-ehlers-danlos-syndromes
#2
Asma Fikree, Gisela Chelimsky, Heidi Collins, Katcha Kovacic, Qasim Aziz
Current evidence suggests that an association exists between non-inflammatory hereditary disorders of connective tissue such as the Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. Patients with EDS can present with both structural problems such as hiatus hernias, visceroptosis, rectoceles, and rectal prolapse as well as functional problems such as disordered gut motility. It has recently been demonstrated that patients with hypermobile EDS (hEDS) present with GI symptoms related to the fore and hind-gut and these patients frequently meet the criteria for functional gastrointestinal disorders such as functional dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176333/selective-versus-routine-use-of-episiotomy-for-vaginal-birth
#3
REVIEW
Hong Jiang, Xu Qian, Guillermo Carroli, Paul Garner
BACKGROUND: Some clinicians believe that routine episiotomy, a surgical cut of the vagina and perineum, will prevent serious tears during childbirth. On the other hand, an episiotomy guarantees perineal trauma and sutures. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects on mother and baby of a policy of selective episiotomy ('only if needed') compared with a policy of routine episiotomy ('part of routine management') for vaginal births. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register (14 September 2016) and reference lists of retrieved studies...
February 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150029/a-uk-questionnaire-survey-of-current-techniques-used-to-perform-pelvic-organ-prolapse-repair
#4
Emily Fairclough, Jenny Myers, Anthony Ross Broadhurst Smith, Suzanne Breeman, Fiona Reid
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Evidence-based medicine should result in better standardisation of practice. This study aims to evaluate whether there remains variation in surgical techniques in native tissue and graft/mesh repairs of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in UK practice. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted to describe current surgical techniques for native tissue and graft/mesh POP repairs performed by a cohort of UK surgeons recruiting to a large multicentre prolapse trial (PROSPECT)...
February 1, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146137/transvaginal-mesh-and-transanal-resection-to-treat-outlet-obstruction-constipation-caused-by-rectocele
#5
Yang Shi, Yongjun Yu, Xipeng Zhang, Yuwei Li
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the curative effect of transvaginal mesh repair (TVMR) and stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) in treating outlet obstruction constipation caused by rectocele. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients who had outlet obstruction constipation caused by rectocele were retrospectively analyzed and 39 patients were enrolled the study. Patients were assigned to either the TVMR or STARR group. Postoperative factors such as complications, pain, recurrence rate, and operative time were compared between the 2 groups...
February 1, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144213/abdominal-approaches-to-rectal-prolapse
#6
REVIEW
Kyla Joubert, Jonathan A Laryea
Rectal prolapse is a debilitating condition with a complex etiology. Symptoms are most commonly prolapse of the rectum and pain with bowel movements or straining, with worsening fecal incontinence over time due to progressive stretching of the anal sphincters. Physical findings are fairly consistent from patient to patient-most notably diastasis of the levator ani muscles, deep pouch of Douglas, redundant sigmoid colon, a mobile mesorectum, and occasionally a solitary rectal ulcer. Evaluation includes a physical exam or imaging demonstrating the prolapse, and evaluating for other causes of pelvic floor dysfunction...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144209/functional-disorders-of-constipation-paradoxical-puborectalis-contraction-and-increased-perineal-descent
#7
REVIEW
Isaac Payne, Leander M Grimm
Paradoxical puborectalis contraction (PPC) and increased perineal descent (IPD) are subclasses of obstructive defecation. Often these conditions coexist, which can make the evaluation, workup, and treatment difficult. After a thorough history and examination, workup begins with utilization of proven diagnostic modalities such as cinedefecography and anal manometry. Advancements in technology have increased the surgeon's diagnostic armamentarium. Biofeedback and pelvic floor therapy have proven efficacy for both conditions as first-line treatment...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144208/evaluation-diagnosis-and-medical-management-of-rectal-prolapse
#8
REVIEW
Jamie A Cannon
Full-thickness rectal prolapse, or procidentia, is the passage of the full-thickness wall of the rectum beyond the anal sphincters. This condition results in pain and fecal incontinence which greatly impairs the quality of life of those afflicted. It is associated with several anatomic abnormalities, including decreased anal sphincter tone, levator muscle diastasis, and a deep anterior cul-de-sac. The diagnosis of rectal prolapse is made based on physical examination, although several other modalities are used to provide additional information about the patients' condition...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144207/perineal-approaches-to-rectal-prolapse
#9
REVIEW
Louis R Barfield
Full-thickness rectal prolapse is a painful and debilitating condition that often responds well to surgical intervention. The best method of surgical repair is a matter of debate. Historically, perineal approaches have been thought to have inferior outcomes and were therefore reserved for elderly and unfit patients. Despite recent data calling that into question, perineal approaches are still commonly performed and have their role. We present risks and benefits along with a description of perineal approaches for surgical treatment of rectal prolapse...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144205/approaches-and-treatment-of-intussusception-volvulus-rectal-prolapse-and-functional-disorders-of-the-colon-rectum-and-anus
#10
Jason S Mizell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104280/-robot-assisted-frykman-goldberg-procedure-case-report
#11
Gregorio Zubieta-O'Farrill, Moisés Ramírez-Ramírez, Eduardo Villanueva-Sáenz
BACKGROUND: Rectal prolapse is defined as the protrusion of the rectal wall through the anal canal; with a prevalence of less than 0.5%. The most frequent symptoms include pain, incomplete defecation sensation with blood and mucus, fecal incontinence and/or constipation. The surgical approach can be perineal or abdominal with the tendency for minimal invasion. Robot-assisted procedures are a novel option that offer technique advantages over open or laparoscopic approaches. CASE REPORT: 67 year-old female, who presented with rectal prolapse, posterior to an episode of constipation, that required manual reduction, associated with transanal hemorrhage during defecation and occasional fecal incontinence...
January 16, 2017: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100932/defecography-by-digital-radiography-experience-in-clinical-practice
#12
Amanda Nogueira de Sá Gonçalves, Marco Aurélio Sousa Sala, Rodrigo Ciotola Bruno, José Alberto Cunha Xavier, João Mauricio Canavezi Indiani, Marcelo Fontalvo Martin, Paulo Maurício Chagas Bruno, Marcelo Souto Nacif
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to profile patients who undergo defecography, by age and gender, as well as to describe the main imaging and diagnostic findings in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, descriptive study of 39 patients, conducted between January 2012 and February 2014. The patients were evaluated in terms of age, gender, and diagnosis. They were stratified by age, and continuous variables are expressed as mean ± standard deviation...
November 2016: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099464/laparoscopically-assisted-anorectal-pull-through-versus-posterior-sagittal-anorectoplasty-for-high-and-intermediate-anorectal-malformations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Yijiang Han, Zhaobo Xia, Shikun Guo, Xiangbo Yu, Zhongrong Li
OBJECTIVE: Anorectal malformations (ARMs) are one of the commonest anomalies in neonates. Both laparoscopically assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) and posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) can be used for the treatment of ARMs. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to compare these two approaches in terms of intraoperative and postoperative outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library were searched from 2000 to August 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089181/dynamic-mr-defecography-of-the-posterior-compartment-comparison-with-conventional-x-ray-defecography
#14
E Poncelet, A Rock, J-F Quinton, M Cosson, N Ramdane, L Nicolas, A Feldmann, J Salleron
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to compare conventional X-ray defecography and dynamic magnetic resonance (MR) defecography in the diagnosis of pelvic floor prolapse of the posterior compartment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty women with a mean age of 65.5 years (range: 53-72 years) who underwent X-ray defecography and MR defecography for clinical suspicion of posterior compartment dysfunction, were included in this retrospective study. X-ray defecography and dynamic MR defecography were reviewed separately for the presence of pelvic organ prolapse...
January 11, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070233/complete-rectal-prolapse-in-young-egyptian-males-is-schistosomiasis-really-condemned
#15
Ahmed A Abou-Zeid, Islam H ElAbbassy, Ahmed M Kamal, Dina A Somaie
AIM: To investigate the assumption that schistosomiasis is the main cause of rectal prolapse in young Egyptian males. METHODS: Twenty-one male patients between ages of 18 and 50 years with complete rectal prolapse were included in the study out of a total 29 patients with rectal prolapse admitted for surgery at Colorectal Surgery Unit, Ain Shams University hospitals between the period of January 2011 and April 2014. Patients were asked to fill out a specifically designed questionnaire about duration of the prolapse, different bowel symptoms and any past or present history of schistosomiasis...
December 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059915/bio-thiersch-as-an-adjunct-to-perineal-proctectomy-reduces-rates-of-recurrent-rectal-prolapse
#16
Saleh M Eftaiha, Jed F Calata, Jeremy J Sugrue, Slawomir J Marecik, Leela M Prasad, Anders Mellgren, Johan Nordenstam, John J Park
BACKGROUND: The rates of recurrent prolapse after perineal proctectomy vary widely in the literature, with incidences ranging between 0% and 50%. The Thiersch procedure, first described in 1891 for the treatment of rectal prolapse, involves encircling the anus with a foreign material with the goal of confining the prolapsing rectum above the anus. The Bio-Thiersch procedure uses biological mesh for anal encirclement and can be used as an adjunct to perineal proctectomy for rectal prolapse to reduce recurrence...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059914/risk-factors-for-recurrence-after-laparoscopic-ventral-rectopexy
#17
Cherylin W P Fu, Andrew R L Stevenson
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy effectively treats posterior compartment prolapse. However, recurrence after laparoscopic ventral rectopexy is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate factors contributing to recurrence after laparoscopic ventral rectopexy. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed of patients who underwent laparoscopic ventral rectopexy between June 2008 and June 2014. Patients presenting with full-thickness rectal prolapse were compared against the rest...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040448/randomized-clinical-trial-of-postoperative-belladonna-and-opium-rectal-suppositories-in-vaginal-surgery
#18
K Butler, J Yi, M Wasson, J Klauschie, D Ryan, J Hentz, J Cornella, P Magtibay, R Kho
BACKGROUND: Following vaginal surgery oral and parenteral narcotics are commonly used for pain relief and their use may exacerbate the incidence of sedation, nausea, and vomiting; ultimately delaying convalescence. Previous studies have demonstrated that rectal analgesia following surgery results in lower pain scores and less intravenous morphine consumption. Belladonna and opium (B&O) rectal suppositories may be used to relieve pain and minimize side effects; however their efficacy has not been confirmed...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000647/an-adolescent-with-prolapsed-omentum-per-rectum-spontaneous-rectal-perforation-managed-laparoscopically
#19
Ameet Kumar, Chandra K Jakhmola, Yogesh Kukreja, S S Kumar, Arjun Singh Sandhu
Spontaneous rupture of the rectum is a rare occurrence. A total laparoscopic approach to rectal perforation has only occasionally been reported. We report an unusual case of a young boy who developed a spontaneous rupture of the rectum following a trivial fall. A magnetic resonance imaging revealed a tear in the rectum at the peritoneal reflection with the omentum plugging it. He denied any history of rectal instrumentation or abnormal sexual activity. He had no history of constipation or rectal prolapse. The tear was repaired laparoscopically and a covering loop sigmoid colostomy was added...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000199/-meta-analysis-of-incidence-of-postoperative-complications-for-the-modified-posterior-sagittal-anorectoplasty-treatment-of-intermediate-or-high-anorectal-malformations
#20
Liqiong Duan, Hongxia Ren, Xiaobing Sun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of postoperative complications of children with intermediate or high anorectal malformations treated by one-stage modified posterior sagittal anorectoplasty(PSARP) by meta-analysis. METHODS: Cases with intermediate or high anorectal malformations treated by one-stage modified PSARP nearly a decade at home and abroad were collected by searching in Wanfang Data, CNKI, and PubMed database, then all the papers that recorded the number of cases of postoperative complications were screened out according to inclusion and exclusion criteria...
December 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
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