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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770590/genomic-and-antigenic-characterization-of-porcine-epidemic-diarrhoea-virus-strains-isolated-from-south-korea-2017
#1
Sunhee Lee, Changhee Lee
Porcine epidemic diarrhoea virus (PEDV) is a globally emerging and re-emerging enteric coronavirus in pigs causing serious economic threats to the world swine industry. Since the re-emergence of massive PEDV outbreaks in South Korea in 2013-2014, domestic pig farms have continued to experience PED epidemics or endemics. This study represents the molecular characterization of PEDV isolates identified in diarrhoeic animals collected across the country in 2017. Initial sequencing analysis of the full-length S genes revealed that 70% of the 2017 isolates (7/10) belong to the G2b subgroup, while the remaining isolates were classified as G1b...
May 16, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765891/botulinum-toxin-injection-in-the-treatment-of-postextubation-dysphagia-a-case-report
#2
Byung Wook Kim, Hee-Ju Kim, Jung Keun Hyun, Seo Young Kim, Tae Uk Kim
Prolonged intubation is known to bring on postextubation dysphagia (PED) in some patients. We have noted that there were some studies to investigate specific type and pattern of PED, which showed large variety of different swallowing abnormalities as mechanisms of PED that are multifactorial. There are several options of treatment in accordance with the management of these abnormalities. A botulinum toxin (BoT) injection into the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) can improve swallowing functions for patients with this disorder, by working to help the muscle relax...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765391/abciximab-reopro-dosing-strategy-for-the-management-of-acute-intraprocedural-thromboembolic-complications-during-pipeline-flow-diversion-treatment-of-intracranial-aneurysms
#3
Li-Mei Lin, Bowen Jiang, Jessica K Campos, Narlin B Beaty, Matthew T Bender, Rafael J Tamargo, Judy Huang, Geoffrey P Colby, Alexander L Coon
Background: Flow diversion with the Pipeline embolization device (PED) is an effective neuro-endovascular method and increasingly accepted for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms. Acute in situ thrombosis is a known complication of PED procedures. There is limited experience in the flow diversion literature on the use of abciximab (ReoPro) for the management of acute thrombus formation in PED cases. Methods: Data were collected retrospectively on patients who received intra-arterial (IA) ReoPro with or without subsequent intravenous (IV) infusion during PED flow diversion treatment of intracranial aneurysms...
April 2018: Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762336/radiology-callbacks-to-a-pediatric-emergency-department-and-their-clinical-impact
#4
Rajan Arora, Nirupama Kannikeswaran
BACKGROUND: Clinical impact of radiology callbacks (missed initial radiologic diagnosis) remains largely unknown in the pediatric emergency department (PED). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the incidence, nature of radiology callbacks, and the impact on clinical care during the return visit (RV). METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of quality assurance database of RVs for radiology callbacks to our PED over a 1-year period...
May 14, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754877/a-novel-technique-to-measure-severity-of-pediatric-pectus-excavatum-using-white-light-scanning
#5
Ferdynand Hebal, Elissa Port, Catherine J Hunter, Bryan Malas, Jared Green, Marleta Reynolds
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Computed tomography (CT) derived Haller Index (HI) remains the standard for quantifying severity in patient with pectus excavatum (PE). Optical scanning described in literature reports optimistic results and new indices that correlate with HI. This study assessed the feasibility of a handheld White Light Scanner (WLS) to obtain 3D measurements and indices of PE deformity. METHODS: From April 2015-April 2017, WLS scanning was conducted by orthotists during clinical visits...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754516/acute-retinal-hemorrhage-after-pipeline-embolization-device-placement-for-treatment-of-ophthalmic-segment-aneurysm-a-case-report
#6
Nimer Adeeb, Justin Moore, Christoph J Griessenauer, Raghav Gupta, Ahad A Fazelat, Christopher S Ogilvy, Ajith J Thomas
Introduction Ophthalmic segment aneurysms may present with visual symptoms due to direct compression of the optic nerve. Treatment of these aneurysms with the Pipeline embolization device (PED) often results in visual improvement. Flow diversion, however, has also been associated with occlusion of the ophthalmic artery and visual deficits in a small subset of cases. Case report A 49-year-old Caucasian female presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage due to a ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm. On follow-up imaging, the patient was found to have a right asymptomatic ophthalmic segment aneurysm...
January 1, 2018: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751179/treatment-of-small-and-tiny-aneurysms-before-and-after-flow-diversion-era-a-single-center-experience-of-409-aneurysms
#7
Yuxiang Zhang, Yupeng Zhang, Feng Guo, Fei Liang, Peng Yan, Shikai Liang, Chuhan Jiang
OBJECT: To explore whether we should use PED as primary treatment modality for small and tiny aneurysms at anterior circulation. METHOD: This retrospective study included 409 cases of small and tiny aneurysms including aneurysms treated by PED (n=77), coiling (n=51) and SAC (n=281). We also made a comparison regarding the safety and efficacy among these treatment modality. RESULTS: A total of 55 patients with 77 small aneurysms was treated with PEDs...
May 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746802/comparison-between-bactec-peds-plus-f-broth-and-conventional-medium-for-vitreous-culture
#8
Seyed Ali Tabatabaei, Seyed Mehdi Tabatabaei, Mohammad Soleimani, Bahman Hejrati, Ahmad Mirshahi, Alireza Khadabandeh, Aliasghar Ahmadraji, Niloofar Valipour
PURPOSE: To evaluate the yield of Bactec Peds Plus F broth for vitreous sample culture in cases with infectious endophthalmitis in comparison to conventional medium. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive cases of clinically suspected endophthalmitis were prospectively enrolled in this study. Cultures of the vitreous sample were performed in both Bactec Peds Plus F broth and conventional mediums. RESULTS: Forty eyes of 40 patients who were clinically suspected of infectious endophthalmitis with different etiologies were enrolled in this study...
May 10, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746362/postpartum-depression-screening-and-referral-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#9
Lenore R Jarvis, Kristen A Breslin, Gia M Badolato, James M Chamberlain, Monika K Goyal
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the (1) proportion of screened postpartum depression (PPD)-positive mothers, (2) associated risk factors, and (3) impact of PPD screening in a pediatric emergency department (PED). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a pilot cohort study using a convenience sample of mothers (n = 209, all ages) of infant patients 6 months or younger presenting to a PED. Mothers completed a computerized survey that included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale...
May 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746359/evaluation-of-a-focused-cardiac-ultrasound-protocol-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#10
Antonio Riera, Bevin Weeks, Beth L Emerson, Lei Chen
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation of a focused cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) protocol in a pediatric emergency department (PED). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, observational, quality improvement project in a PED of an urban tertiary care children's hospital. A FoCUS protocol was collaboratively developed by pediatric cardiology and pediatric emergency medicine. This included a reference document with definitions, indications, image acquisition guidelines, and interpretation expectations...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746311/evaluating-mortality-risk-adjustment-among-children-receiving-extracorporeal-support-for-respiratory-failure
#11
Ryan P Barbaro, Philip S Boonstra, Kevin W Kuo, David T Selewski, David K Bailly, Cheryl L Stone, Chin Ying Chow, Gail M Annich, Frank W Moler, Matthew L Paden
This study evaluates whether three commonly used pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) severity of illness scores, pediatric risk of mortality score (PRISM) III, pediatric index of mortality (PIM) 2, and pediatric logistic organ dysfunction (PELOD), are the appropriate tools to discriminate mortality risk in children receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support for respiratory failure. This study also evaluates the ability of the Pediatric Risk Estimate Score for Children Using Extracorporeal Respiratory Support (Ped-RESCUERS) to discriminate mortality risk in the same population, and whether Ped-RESCUERS' discrimination of mortality is improved by additional clinical and laboratory measures of renal, hepatic, neurologic, and hematologic dysfunction...
May 8, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740301/impaired-prefrontal-amygdala-pathway-self-reported-emotion-and-erection-in-psychogenic-erectile-dysfunction-patients-with-normal-nocturnal-erection
#12
Jianhuai Chen, Yun Chen, Qingqiang Gao, Guotao Chen, Yutian Dai, Zhijian Yao, Qing Lu
Background: Neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that the prefrontal cortex and amygdala play an important role in sexual arousal (SA). However, little is known about the interactions between the prefrontal and cortex amygdala, which mediate the cognitive regulation of emotion and SA. Objective: We seek to determine whether nocturnal erection of psychogenic erectile dysfunction (pED) patients are normal and whether there are changes of topological organization in the prefrontal-amygdala pathway of brain network in pED...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735119/paroxysmal-dyskinesias
#13
Sara McGuire, Swati Chanchani, Divya S Khurana
Paroxysmal dyskinesias (PD) are hyperkinetic movement disorders where patients usually retain consciousness. Paroxysmal dyskinesias can be kinesigenic (PKD), nonkinesigenic (PNKD), and exercise induced (PED). These are usually differentiated from each other based on their phenotypic and genotypic characteristics. Genetic causes of PD are continuing to be discovered. Genes found to be involved in the pathogenesis of PD include MR-1, PRRT2, SLC2A1, and KCNMA1. The differential diagnosis is broad as PDs can mimic psychogenic events, seizure, or other movement disorders...
April 2018: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726768/pipeline-embolization-of-posterior-circulation-aneurysms-a-multicenter-study-of-131-aneurysms
#14
Christoph J Griessenauer, Christopher S Ogilvy, Nimer Adeeb, Adam A Dmytriw, Paul M Foreman, Hussain Shallwani, Nicola Limbucci, Salvatore Mangiafico, Ashish Kumar, Caterina Michelozzi, Timo Krings, Vitor Mendes Pereira, Charles C Matouk, Mark R Harrigan, Hakeem J Shakir, Adnan H Siddiqui, Elad I Levy, Leonardo Renieri, Thomas R Marotta, Christophe Cognard, Ajith J Thomas
OBJECTIVE Flow diversion for posterior circulation aneurysms performed using the Pipeline embolization device (PED) constitutes an increasingly common off-label use for otherwise untreatable aneurysms. The safety and efficacy of this treatment modality has not been assessed in a multicenter study. METHODS A retrospective review of prospectively maintained databases at 8 academic institutions was performed for the years 2009 to 2016 to identify patients with posterior circulation aneurysms treated with PED placement...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726765/aneurysms-with-persistent-filling-after-failed-treatment-with-the-pipeline-embolization-device
#15
Badih Daou, Elias Atallah, Nohra Chalouhi, Robert M Starke, Jeffrey Oliver, Maria Montano, Pascal Jabbour, Robert H Rosenwasser, Stavropoula I Tjoumakaris
OBJECTIVE The Pipeline embolization device (PED) has become a valuable tool in the treatment of cerebral aneurysms. Although failures with PED treatment have been reported, the characteristics and course of these aneurysms remain a topic of uncertainty. METHODS Electronic medical records and imaging studies were reviewed for all patients treated with the PED between July 2010 and March 2015 to identify characteristics of patients and aneurysms with residual filling after PED treatment. RESULTS Of 316 cases treated at a single institution, 281 patients had a long-term follow-up...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719553/47-consecutive-cases-of-pipeline-flex-flow-diversion-utilizing-a-novel-large-bore-intracranial-intermediate-catheter-nuances-and-institutional-experience-with-the-syphontrak
#16
Li-Mei Lin, Bowen Jiang, Matthew T Bender, Erick M Westbroek, Jessica K Campos, Rafael J Tamargo, Judy Huang, Alexander L Coon, Geoffrey P Colby
Background: The increasing complexity of modern neurointerventions has necessitated a shift in intracranial access techniques towards more robust distal support platforms. Here we present our experience with the Syphontrak Support Catheter (Codman Neuro, Raynham, MA, USA) in the triaxial platform for the implantation of the second-generation Pipeline Flex embolization device (PED Flex; Medtronic Neurovascular, Irvine, CA, USA). Methods: We retrospectively identified patients who underwent PED Flex treatment utilizing the Syphontrak at a single institution...
April 2018: Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710055/tied-pipeline-a-case-of-rare-complication
#17
Shigeru Miyachi, Hiroyuki Ohnishi, Ryo Hiramatsu, Ryokichi Yagi, Toshihiko Kuroiwa
A 48-year-old female with a symptomatic giant carotid cavernous aneurysm underwent endovascular treatment with multiple Pipeline Flex embolic devices (PED). The delivery catheter had to take a complicated course of multiple turns to cross the aneurysm, and its loop was tied in the aneurysm. When the catheter was to be withdrawn, it was apparent that the tied catheter had made a tight knot that bound the tail of the previous PED together. We successfully retrieved all of the system including the tied PED, and we used telescoping stents with five PEDs in the next operation...
May 1, 2018: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708191/use-of-the-hourglass-peripheral-embolisation-device-early-experiences
#18
Peter Hughes, Ian Brennan, J Mark Ryan
We evaluated a novel intravascular plug, the Hourglass peripheral embolisation device (PED). We describe, for the first time, the use of this device and discuss its potential applications. The device was deployed in nine patients over a six-month period at a single institution by two different operators. Five patients underwent renal artery embolisation, three underwent gonadal vein embolisation for a varicocele, and a single patient underwent embolisation of the gastroduodenal artery. We recorded the indications, success rate, and the procedure-related complication rate in all patients...
2018: European radiology experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698879/use-of-pipeline%C3%A2-embolization-device-for-the-treatment-of-traumatic-intracranial-pseudoaneurysms-case-series-and-review-of-cases-from-literature
#19
Mairaj T Sami, Domenico A Gattozzi, Hesham M Soliman, Alan R Reeves, Christopher J Moran, Paul J Camarata, Koji C Ebersole
OBJECTIVE: Intracranial traumatic pseudoaneurysms (PSA) are a rare but dangerous subtype of cerebral aneurysm. Reports documenting use of flow-diverting stents to treat traumatic intracranial PSAs are few and lack long-term follow-up. To our knowledge, this is the largest case-series to date demonstrating use of Pipeline Endovascular Device (PED) for traumatic intracranial PSAs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 8 intracranial traumatic PSAs in 7 patients treated using only PED placement...
June 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697591/optimal-management-of-pigment-epithelial-detachments-in-eyes-with-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#20
Arshad M Khanani, David Eichenbaum, Patricio G Schlottmann, Lisa Tuomi, David Sarraf
PURPOSE: This review aimed to determine the optimal management of retinal pigment epithelial detachments (PEDs) in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) based on review of available evidence in the literature. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review evaluates previous retrospective and prospective studies that assessed the treatment of PEDs in nAMD. RESULTS: Studies illustrated that anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy can be effective in eyes with PED secondary to nAMD...
April 24, 2018: Retina
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