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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210835/a-10-year-review-of-cannabis-exposure-in-children-under-3-years-of-age-do-we-need-a-more-global-approach
#1
Isabelle Claudet, Mathilde Le Breton, Camille Bréhin, Nicolas Franchitto
: Pediatricians working in an emergency environment are confronted with children admitted to emergency departments for intoxication on a daily basis. We carried out a retrospective cohort study of children admitted to a pediatric emergency department due to unintentional cannabis exposure over a 10-year period from 2004 to 2014. Twenty-nine children under the age of 3 were admitted with a positive cannabis urine test. Eighty-seven percent of intoxications occurred at the family home. Resin was the main form of ingested cannabis (69%)...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198773/early-post-operative-results-of-percutaneous-needle-fasciotomy-in-451-patients-with-dupuytren-disease
#2
Sanne Molenkamp, Tanneke A M Schouten, Dieuwke C Broekstra, Paul M N Werker, J Daniel Moolenburgh
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF) is a minimally invasive treatment modality for Dupuytren disease (DD). In this study we analyzed the efficacy and complication-rate of PNF using a statistical method that takes the multi-level structure of data, regarding multiple measurements from the same patients, into account. METHODS: The data of 470 treated rays from 451 patients with Dupuytren disease that underwent percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF) were analyzed retrospectively...
February 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198193/association-between-dehydration-and-fever-during-the-first-week-of-life
#3
Ariane Boutin, Ana Carceller, Marie Pier Desjardins, Marisol Sanchez, Jocelyn Gravel
BACKGROUND: Trying to differentiate serious bacterial infection (SBI) from a self-limiting illness in febrile infants seen in the pediatric emergency department (PED) is a significant challenge. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of dehydration and its relationship to SBI in febrile full-term newborns under 1 week of age seen in a PED. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out on all children younger than 8 days of age with fever who presented to a single, tertiary care, PED from January 2009 to April 2014...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190498/classification-of-involuntary-movements-in-dogs-paroxysmal-dyskinesias
#4
REVIEW
Mark Lowrie, Laurent Garosi
Paroxysmal dyskinesias (PDs) are a group of hyperkinetic movement disorders characterised by circumscribed episodes of disturbed movement, superimposed on a background state in which such abnormality is absent. There is no loss of consciousness. Episodes can last seconds, minutes or hours, and the beginning and end of the movement disturbance are abrupt. Neurological examination is typically normal between episodes. PDs are associated with a broad spectrum of clinical presentations, encompassing various aetiologies...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188840/comparison-and-evaluation-of-conventional-rt-pcr-sybr-green-i-and-taqman-real-time-rt-pcr-assays-for-the-detection-of-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus
#5
Xinrong Zhou, Tiansheng Zhang, Deping Song, Tao Huang, Qi Peng, Yanjun Chen, Anqi Li, Fanfan Zhang, Qiong Wu, Yu Ye, Yuxin Tang
Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) caused by porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is a highly contagious intestinal disease, resulting in substantial economic losses to the swine industry worldwide. In this study, three assays, namely a conventional reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), a SYBR Green I real-time RT-PCR and a TaqMan real-time RT-PCR targeting the highly conserved M gene of PEDV, were developed and evaluated. Then, the analytical specificity, sensitivity and reproducibility of these assays were determined and compared...
February 7, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Probes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181773/influence-of-the-fitbit-charge-hr-on-physical-activity-aerobic-fitness-and-disability-in-non-specific-back-pain-participants
#6
Rebecca Gordon, Saul Bloxham
BACKGROUND: Increasing levels of physical activity (PA) and aerobic fitness can reduce non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) yet patient's physical activity 1 and aerobic fitness 2 have been shown to be lower than healthy counterparts. Pedometers are effective at promoting PA 3, yet more 'advanced consumer level activity monitors' (AAMs) can provide greater feedback to the user. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of new advances in commercially available wearable technology on PA, aerobic fitness and disability of low back pain participants...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177739/effects-of-aerobic-or-resistance-training-or-both-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-youth-with-obesity-the-hearty-trial
#7
Gary S Goldfield, Glen P Kenny, Angela S Alberga, Heather E Tulloch, Steve Doucette, Jameason D Cameron, Ronald J Sigal
This study examined the effects of aerobic and resistance training, and their combination on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adolescents with overweight or obesity. After a 4-week run-in period, 304 (91 males, 213 females) post-pubertal adolescents aged 14-18 years, were randomized to 4 groups for 22 weeks of: aerobic training (N=75), resistance training (N=78), combined aerobic and resistance training (N=75), or non-exercising control (N=76). All participants received dietary counseling with a daily energy deficit of 250 kcal...
December 9, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177368/nursery-pig-growth-performance-and-tissue-accretion-modulation-due-to-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus-or-porcine-deltacoronavirus-challenge
#8
S M Curry, K A Gibson, E R Burrough, K J Schwartz, K J Yoon, N K Gabler
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) and porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) are both members of the family which induce clinical signs of diarrhea, dehydration, and in some circumstances, mortality. Most research has been focused on isolation, genome sequencing, pathogenicity, and virulence of these viruses, but there is little information on long-term growth performance and tissue accretion of pigs inoculated with PEDV or PDCoV. Therefore, our objective was to determine the effect of PEDV or PDCoV infection on growth performance and tissue accretion over 42 d following inoculation...
January 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176508/a-structured-therapeutic-education-program-for-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-an-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-the-pediatric-education-for-diabetes-project
#9
Alessandra Mauri, Susanna Schmidt, Valentina Sosero, Maria Sambataro, Laura Nollino, Francesco Fabris, Anna Corò, Antonella Scantamburlo, Michela Cazziola-Merlotto, Tania Ciani, Michele Tessarin, Agostino Paccagnella
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic education for Type 1 Diabetes involves the process of transmitting knowledge and developing the skills and behavior required to treat the disease. guidelines agree on stressing the importance of therapeutic educational intervention in teaching self-management skills to children and adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). This study presents the results of the "Pediatric Education for Type 1 Diabetes (T1D)" (PED) project, specifically designed for children and adolescents aged 6 to 16, and structured on guidelines indications, as part of a broader clinical-educational intervention for Type 1 diabetes...
February 7, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175983/glycyrrhizin-inhibits-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus-infection-and-attenuates-the-proinflammatory-responses-by-inhibition-of-high-mobility-group-box-1-protein
#10
Chang-Chao Huan, Hua-Xia Wang, Xiang-Xiang Sheng, Rui Wang, Xin Wang, Xiang Mao
Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED), caused by porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) infection, leads to significant economic losses in the swine industry worldwide. In our studies, we found that glycyrrhizin, the major component of licorice root extracts, could moderately inhibit PEDV infection in Vero cells, when analyzed by western blot, qRT-PCR and a plaque formation assay. We also revealed that glycyrrhizin inhibited the entry and replication of PEDV. In addition, we demonstrated that glycyrrhizin decreased the mRNA levels of proinflammatory cytokines...
February 7, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169978/analysis-of-patient-visits-and-collections-after-opening-a-satellite-pediatric-emergency-department
#11
Katherine M Nichols, Kerry Caperell, Keith Cross, Scott Duncan, Ben Foster, Gil Liu, Hank Pritchard, Gary Southard, Ben Shinabery, Brad Sutton, In K Kim
OBJECTIVE: Satellite pediatric emergency departments (PEDs) have emerged as a strategy to increase patient capacity. We sought to determine the impact on patient visits, physician fee collections, and value of emergency department (ED) time at the primary PED after opening a nearby satellite PED. We also illustrate the spatial distribution of patient demographics and overlapping catchment areas for the primary and satellite PEDs using geographical information system. METHODS: A structured, financial retrospective review was conducted...
February 4, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165632/comparison-of-3-options-for-choosing-control-limits-in-biochemistry-testing
#12
Simone Manzocchi, Erika Furman, Kathleen Freeman
BACKGROUND: The purpose of statistical quality control (QC) is to provide peace of mind with regard to the production of results that are suitable for analytically sound clinical interpretation and making reliable decisions about patient diagnosis, monitoring, and prognosis. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we compared 3 options for choosing control limits for biochemistry testing. They focus on the probability of error detection (Ped) and probability of false rejection (Pfr) achievable for a veterinary biochemical analyzer using the following 3 combinations: the quality control material (QCM) manufacturer's acceptable ranges; a standard 12s rule customized for the instrument's observed performance; and candidate rules selected for the instrument's observed performance using a computerized program (EZrules)...
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153442/histologic-and-optical-coherence-tomographic-correlates-in-drusenoid-pigment-epithelium-detachment-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#13
Chandrakumar Balaratnasingam, Jeffrey D Messinger, Kenneth R Sloan, Lawrence A Yannuzzi, K Bailey Freund, Christine A Curcio
PURPOSE: Drusenoid pigment epithelium detachment (DPED) is a known precursor to geographic atrophy in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We sought histologic correlates for spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (OCT) signatures in DPED and determined the frequency and origin of these OCT signatures in a clinical cohort of DPED eyes. DESIGN: Laboratory imaging and histologic comparison, and retrospective, observational cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Four donor eyes with histopathologic diagnosis of AMD (2 with nonneovascular DPED and 2 with neovascular pigment epithelium detachment [PED]) and 49 eyes of 33 clinic patients with nonneovascular DPED more than 2 mm in diameter...
January 30, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151413/use-of-the-0-027-inch-via-microcatheter-for-delivery-of-pipeline-flex-a-technical-note
#14
REVIEW
Li-Mei Lin, Geoffrey P Colby, Matthew Bender, Risheng Xu, Judy Huang, Rafael J Tamargo, Alexander L Coon
BACKGROUND: The Pipeline Embolization Device (PED; Medtronic Neurovascular, Irvine, California, USA) is designed for delivery through a 0.027″ microcatheter. Challenges with the second-generation PED Flex include limited support from the Marksman microcatheter for consistent resheathing and transmission of push forces for device delivery. The VIA27 (Sequent Medical/MicroVention Terumo, Tustin, California, USA) is an alternative 0.027″ microcatheter originally designed for intrasaccular flow diverter delivery...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146013/a-practice-guideline-for-postreduction-management-of-intussusception-of-children-in-the-emergency-department
#15
Hyuksool Kwon, Jin Hee Lee, Jin Hee Jeong, Hye Ran Yang, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Kyuseok Kim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a practice guideline of postreduction management of intussusception in children on the length of stay (LOS) from reduction in the pediatric emergency department (PED) and on the incidence of recurrence. METHODS: We developed a practice guideline of postreduction management of intussusception in the PED. The practice guideline involved feeding 2 hours after reduction and discharge 2 hours after successful feeding...
January 31, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138169/diagnosis-of-paediatric-sepsis-by-automated-blood-culture-system-and-conventional-blood-culture
#16
Adeel Ahmad, Shagufta Iram, Shahida Hussain, Noshin Wasim Yusuf
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the time required for isolation of aerobic bacterial pathogen from paediatric septicaemia suspects by using BACTEC 9240 blood culture system, and to compare the results with conventional blood culture technique. METHODS: This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted at the Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from July to December 2013, and comprised blood samples of suspected septicaemia children. The blood samples were inoculated into automated BACTEC 9240 Peds Plus/F resin-based media...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130501/endovascular-flow-diversion-for-treatment-of-anterior-communicating-artery-region-cerebral-aneurysms-a-single-center-cohort-of-50-cases
#17
Geoffrey P Colby, Matthew T Bender, Li-Mei Lin, Narlin Beaty, Judy Huang, Rafael Tamargo, Alexander Coon
BACKGROUND: Flow diversion represents a novel but definitive treatment for recurrent and difficult-to-coil aneurysms of the anterior communicating artery (ACoA) region, of which reports are limited. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of the Pipeline embolization device (PED) in treating aneurysms in the ACoA region. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed an IRB-approved database of patients with an aneurysm at a single institution for patients with ACoA or A1-A2 aneurysms treated with PED...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115856/anaphylaxis-across-two-canadian-pediatric-centers-evaluating-management-disparities
#18
Alison Ym Lee, Paul Enarson, Ann E Clarke, Sébastien La Vieille, Harley Eisman, Edmond S Chan, Christopher Mill, Lawrence Joseph, Moshe Ben-Shoshan
BACKGROUND: There are no data on the percentage of visits due to anaphylaxis in the emergency department (ED), triggers, and management of anaphylaxis across different provinces in Canada. OBJECTIVE: To compare the percentage of anaphylaxis cases among all ED visits, as well as the triggers and management of anaphylaxis between two Canadian pediatric EDs (PEDs). METHODS: As part of the Cross-Canada Anaphylaxis Registry (C-CARE), children presenting to the British Columbia Children's Hospital (BCCH) and Montreal Children's Hospital (MCH) EDs with anaphylaxis were recruited...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112424/exercise-and-the-multidisciplinary-holistic-approach-to-adolescent-dysautonomia
#19
K Armstrong, A M De Souza, P Sneddon, J E Potts, V E Claydon, S Sanatani
AIM: To determine if an 8-week strength training program as part of a multidisciplinary approach would minimize symptoms and improve quality of life in patients with dysautonomia. METHODS: Adolescents referred to a tertiary level Cardiology service from May 2014-Dec 2015 with symptoms of dysautonomia were eligible. Participants completed an exercise test and a quality of life (QoL) questionnaire (Peds QL) prior to the intervention. Participants were asked to complete exercises 5 times per week...
January 23, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111498/establishment-of-local-diagnostic-reference-levels-for-quality-control-in-intraoral-radiography
#20
Maki Izawa, Yasuo Harata, Noriyoshi Shiba, Nobuhide Koizumi, Tomonori Ozawa, Nobutoshi Takahashi, Yasuhiko Okumura
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the dosage and imaging conditions for patients undergoing intraoral radiography at Meikai University Hospital and establish assurance and quality control data. METHODS: Tube voltage, exposure time, and air kinetic energy released per unit mass (air kerma) of three intraoral radiography units were measured. To calculate the patient entrance dose (PED) for each radiograph using Insight film, we extracted data for 1063 patients from their exposure records...
2017: Oral Radiology
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