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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166248/neighborhood-disadvantage-and-allostatic-load-in-african-american-women-at-risk-for-obesity-related-diseases
#1
Marissa Tan, Abdullah Mamun, Heather Kitzman, Surendra Reddy Mandapati, Leilani Dodgen
INTRODUCTION: African American women have higher rates of obesity and related chronic disease than other demographic groups. The poorer health of African American women compared with other groups may be explained by allostatic load, or cumulative physiologic stress, due to chronic socioeconomic disadvantage. The objective of this study was to evaluate neighborhood and individual factors contributing to allostatic load in African American women at risk for obesity-related diseases. METHODS: This study evaluated the relationship of allostatic load with neighborhood disadvantage, individual socioeconomic determinants, and synergism between neighborhood and socioeconomic disadvantage, along with health behaviors and other factors as mediators in African American women...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164643/interaction-between-alcohol-consumption-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-predicting-severe-liver-disease-in-the-general-population
#2
Fredrik Åberg, Jaana Helenius-Hietala, Pauli Puukka, Martti Färkkilä, Antti Jula
The metabolic syndrome and alcohol risk use are both associated with high prevalence of hepatic steatosis, but only a minority develop liver failure or liver cancer. Few general population studies have analyzed metabolic predictors of such severe liver complications. We studied which metabolic factors best predict severe liver complications, stratified by alcohol consumption. 6732 individuals without baseline liver disease who participated in the Finnish population-based Health 2000 Study (2000-2001), a nationally representative cohort...
November 22, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163785/tm5441-a-plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1-inhibitor-protects-against-high-fat-diet-induced-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#3
Seon Myeong Lee, Debra Dorotea, Inji Jung, Tetsuo Nakabayashi, Toshio Miyata, Hunjoo Ha
Recent evidences showed that elevation of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) was responsible in mediating obesity-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and metabolic disorders. Here, we investigated the effect of TM5441, an oral PAI-1 inhibitor that lacks of bleeding risk, on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced NAFLD. HFD-fed C57BL/6J mice was daily treated with 20 mg/kg TM5441. To examine the preventive effect, 10-week-treatment was started along with initiation of HFD; alternatively, 4-week-treatment was started in mice with glucose intolerance in the interventional strategy...
October 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162146/smoking-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-in-the-generations-study-cohort
#4
Michael E Jones, Minouk J Schoemaker, Lauren B Wright, Alan Ashworth, Anthony J Swerdlow
BACKGROUND: Plausible biological reasons exist regarding why smoking could affect breast cancer risk, but epidemiological evidence is inconsistent. METHODS: We used serial questionnaire information from the Generations Study cohort (United Kingdom) to estimate HRs for breast cancer in relation to smoking adjusted for potentially confounding factors, including alcohol intake. RESULTS: Among 102,927 women recruited 2003-2013, with an average of 7...
November 22, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161981/presenting-symptoms-and-clinical-findings-in-hpv-positive-and-hpv-negative-oropharyngeal-cancer-patients
#5
Timo Carpén, Anni Sjöblom, Marie Lundberg, Caj Haglund, Antti Markkola, Stina Syrjänen, Jussi Tarkkanen, Antti Mäkitie, Jaana Hagström, Petri Mattila
OBJECTIVES: Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is divided in two different disease entities depending on HPV involvement. We investigated differences in presenting symptoms and clinical findings in patients with HPV-positive and -negative OPSCC tumors. METHODS: Altogether 118 consecutive patients diagnosed with primary OPSCC between 2012 and 2014 at the Helsinki University Hospital were included. HPV-status of the tumors was assessed by PCR detection of HPV DNA and immunostaining with p16-INK4a antibody...
November 21, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160902/proportion-and-number-of-cancer-cases-and-deaths-attributable-to-potentially-modifiable-risk-factors-in-the-united-states
#6
Farhad Islami, Ann Goding Sauer, Kimberly D Miller, Rebecca L Siegel, Stacey A Fedewa, Eric J Jacobs, Marjorie L McCullough, Alpa V Patel, Jiemin Ma, Isabelle Soerjomataram, W Dana Flanders, Otis W Brawley, Susan M Gapstur, Ahmedin Jemal
Contemporary information on the fraction of cancers that potentially could be prevented is useful for priority setting in cancer prevention and control. Herein, the authors estimate the proportion and number of invasive cancer cases and deaths, overall (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancers) and for 26 cancer types, in adults aged 30 years and older in the United States in 2014, that were attributable to major, potentially modifiable exposures (cigarette smoking; secondhand smoke; excess body weight; alcohol intake; consumption of red and processed meat; low consumption of fruits/vegetables, dietary fiber, and dietary calcium; physical inactivity; ultraviolet radiation; and 6 cancer-associated infections)...
November 21, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160514/influence-of-comorbidities-on-cd4-cd8-proportion-in-hiv-positive-patients-in-blumenau-state-of-santa-catarina-a-retrospective-study
#7
Keila Zaniboni Siqueira Batista, Bárbara Bogoni, Renata Cristina Müller, Camila Corrêa Penedo, da Silva Hercílio Higino
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to identify comorbidities related to HIV-positive patients in Blumenau, State of Santa Catarina. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive observational design study which analyzed data from 424 patients assisted by the sexually transmitted disease/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (STD/AIDS) Specialized Care Service (SCS). RESULTS: Of 424 medical records analyzed, 388 patients presented CD4+/CD8+ ratios lower than 1...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160458/health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-of-brazilian-primary-health-care
#8
Bruna de Oliveira Ascef, João Paulo Amaral Haddad, Juliana Álvares, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Ediná Alves Costa, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Karen Sarmento Costa, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Silvana Nair Leite, Micheline Rosa Silveira
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of patients of the primary health care of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) and its associated factors. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with data from the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços, 2015 (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services, 2015). Data were collected with a questionnaire that included the EuroQol 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) instrument...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160087/glyoxalase-1-modulation-in-obesity-and-diabetes
#9
Naila Rabbani, Paul J Thornalley
SIGNIFICANCE: Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are increasing globally. There is also increasing associated complications, such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and vascular complications of diabetes. There is currently no licensed treatment for NAFLD and no recent treatments for diabetic complications. New approaches are required, particularly addressing mechanism-based risk factors for health decline and disease progression. Recent advances: Dicarbonyl stress is the abnormal accumulation of reactive dicarbonyl metabolites such as methylglyoxal leading to cell and tissue dysfunction...
November 21, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158819/pro-inflammatory-cxcr3-impairs-mitochondrial-function-in-experimental-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis
#10
Jinghua Du, Xiang Zhang, Juqiang Han, Kwan Man, Yanquan Zhang, Eagle Sh Chu, Yuemin Nan, Jun Yu
Mitochondrial dysfunction plays a crucial role in the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However, the regulator of mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of NASH is still largely unclear. CXCR3 is an essential pro-inflammatory factor in chronic liver diseases. We explored the significance of CXCR3 in regulating mitochondrial function during NASH development in animal models and cultured hepatocytes. METHODS: The effects of CXCR3 on mitochondrial function were evaluated by genetic knockout or pharmacological inhibition in mouse models and in vitro...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158695/pnpla3-expression-and-its-impact-on-the-liver-current-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Francesca Virginia Bruschi, Matteo Tardelli, Thierry Claudel, Michael Trauner
A single-nucleotide polymorphism occurring in the sequence of the human patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing 3 gene (PNPLA3), known as I148M variant, is one of the best characterized and deeply investigated variants in several clinical scenarios, because of its tight correlation with increased risk for developing hepatic steatosis and more aggressive part of the disease spectrum, such as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis. Further, the I148M variant is positively associated with alcoholic liver diseases, chronic hepatitis C-related cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma...
2017: Hepatic Medicine: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155439/applications-and-challenges-for-the-use-of-phosphatidylethanol-testing-in-liver-disease-patients-mini-review
#12
Van Long Nguyen, Paul S Haber, Devanshi Seth
Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) is a direct non-oxidative metabolite of ethanol that may be measured in clinical samples as a marker for monitoring alcohol consumption. It has been used in a wide variety of clinical and non-clinical settings; however, its investigation in relation to liver disease has been limited. This paper aims at providing a short review on the applications and challenges for the incorporation of PEth testing in identifying alcohol intake in this patient population. This article is protected by copyright...
November 20, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154965/noninvasive-assessment-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-clinical-prediction-rules-and-blood-based-biomarkers
#13
REVIEW
Eduardo Vilar-Gomez, Naga Chalasani
The correct identification of patients at increased risk of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and advanced fibrosis is a critical step in the assessment of NAFLD. Since liver biopsy is invasive, expensive and prone to sampling error, several clinical prediction rules and blood-based biomarkers have been developed as an attractive and affordable alternatives to guide clinicians to identify patients at high risk of NASH and advanced fibrosis. Current biomarkers constitute predictive models (e.g., NAFLD fibrosis score, FIB-4 index and BARD score) or direct measures of inflammation (e...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154879/perillyl-alcohol-alleviates-amyloid-%C3%AE-peptides-induced-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-cytotoxicity-in-sh-sy5y-cells
#14
Mohammad Faraz Zafeer, Fakiha Firdaus, Faraz Ahmad, Rizwan Ullah, Ehraz Anis, Mohd Waseem, Asif Ali, Mohammad Mobarak Hossain
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder and the most common type of dementia in elderly ( >65years of age). Excessive extra cellular deposits of amyloid beta (Aβ) are a pathological feature of AD. Aβ can cause cell death through oxidative damage; recent studies have implicated opening of mPTP as a detrimental event in AD-related mitochondrial dysfunctions. Over the past few years, natural compounds with antioxidant properties have shown promise for intervention in AD.
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152443/psychiatric-comorbidities-and-outcomes-in-epilepsy-patients-an-insight-from-a-nationwide-inpatient-analysis-in-the-united-states
#15
Rikinkumar S Patel, Ahmed Elmaadawi, Zeeshan Mansuri, Mandeep Kaur, Kaushal Shah, Suhayl Nasr
Background Psychiatric comorbidities in epilepsy impose significant burdens on patients and their families. It affects their quality of life and medical care and results in cost increases. This study reports the impact of various psychiatric comorbidities in epilepsy patients regarding hospital outcomes and in-hospital mortality. Methods We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) from years 2013-2014. We identified epilepsy as the primary diagnosis and psychiatric comorbidities, namely, alcohol abuse, depression, drug abuse, and psychosis, using validated International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD--9--CM) codes...
September 14, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152143/therapeutic-hexapeptide-pgpipn-prevents-and-cures-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-by-affecting-the-expressions-of-genes-related-with-lipid-metabolism-and-oxidative-stress
#16
Nan Qi, Chen Liu, Haoran Yang, Wanrong Shi, Shenyi Wang, Yan Zhou, Cai Wei, Fang Gu, Yide Qin
PGPIPN is a therapeutic hexapeptide derived from bovine β-casein. Here we investigated the role and mechanism of this peptide on alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD). We took human hepatic cell line LO2 and hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 to establish the models of steatosis hepatocyte induced by alcohol, taken PGPIPN as pharmacological intervention. And we also established the model of AFLD mice, taken PGPIPN as therapeutic drug and glutathione (GSH) as positive control. We assayed the biochemical materials related to liver injury, lipid metabolism and oxidation, and observed morphology change and fat accumulation of hepatocyte...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150796/gender-differences-in-chronic-liver-diseases-in-two-cohorts-of-2001-and-2014-in-italy
#17
Evangelista Sagnelli, Tommaso Stroffolini, Caterina Sagnelli, Mario Pirisi, Sergio Babudieri, Guido Colloredo, Maurizio Russello, Nicola Coppola, Giovanni Battista Gaeta, Bruno Cacopardo, Massimo De Luca, Piero Luigi Almasio
BACKGROUND: Gender differences in chronic liver disease (CLD) have been partially investigated. To extend the present knowledge, we evaluated 12,263 patients with CLD enrolled in two national surveys (9997 in 2001 and 2557 in 2014). METHODS: The two surveys prospectively recruited patients aged ≥ 18 referring to Italian liver units throughout the country using a similar clinical approach and analytical methods. RESULTS: The overall male to female ratio (M/F) was 1...
November 17, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149969/indicators-of-complex-care-during-the-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-activity-at-the-transplant-center-of-the-policlinico-hospital-modena
#18
G Mattei, A Laghi, S Balduzzi, M Moscara, C Piemonte, C Reggianini, M Rigatelli, S Ferrari, L Pingani, G M Galeazzi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify possible biopsychosocial predictors of organizational complexity in patients referred to the consultant psychiatrist for assessment before liver transplantation. METHODS: This was a case-control study. All psychiatric consultations performed before and after liver transplantation from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2013 were included. Complexity was operationalized as "undergoing two or more psychiatric consultations"...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149510/transferrin-as-a-predictor-of-survival-in-cirrhosis
#19
André Viveiros, Armin Finkenstedt, Benedikt Schaefer, Mattias Mandorfer, Bernhard Scheiner, Konrad Lehner, Moritz Tobiasch, Thomas Reiberger, Herbert Tilg, Michael Edlinger, Heinz Zoller
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with cirrhosis frequently present with high serum ferritin and low transferrin concentrations, reflecting impaired liver function and inflammation. Recent studies have shown that transferrin and its saturation with iron are MELD-independent predictors of mortality in patients with acute on chronic liver failure or decompensated cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic utility of serum iron parameters in relation to markers of liver function and immune activation...
November 17, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149179/postmenopausal-hormone-therapy-and-risk-of-stroke-a-pooled-analysis-of-data-from-population-based-cohort-studies
#20
Germán D Carrasquilla, Paolo Frumento, Anita Berglund, Christer Borgfeldt, Matteo Bottai, Chiara Chiavenna, Mats Eliasson, Gunnar Engström, Göran Hallmans, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Patrik K Magnusson, Peter M Nilsson, Nancy L Pedersen, Alicja Wolk, Karin Leander
BACKGROUND: Recent research indicates a favourable influence of postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT) if initiated early, but not late, on subclinical atherosclerosis. However, the clinical relevance of timing of HT initiation for hard end points such as stroke remains to be determined. Further, no previous research has considered the timing of initiation of HT in relation to haemorrhagic stroke risk. The importance of the route of administration, type, active ingredient, and duration of HT for stroke risk is also unclear...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
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