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Psychiatry and rheumatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890486/towards-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-understand-and-manage-obesity-and-related-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799842/variations-in-the-management-of-fibromyalgia-by-physician-specialty-rheumatology-versus-primary-care
#2
Stephen L Able, Rebecca L Robinson, Kurt Kroenke, Philip Mease, David A Williams, Yi Chen, Madelaine Wohlreich, Bill H McCarberg
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of physician specialty regarding diagnosis and treatment of fibromyalgia (FM) and assess the clinical status of patients initiating new treatment for FM using data from Real-World Examination of Fibromyalgia: Longitudinal Evaluation of Costs and Treatments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Outpatients from 58 sites in the United States were enrolled. Data were collected via in-office surveys and telephone interviews. Pairwise comparisons by specialty were made using chi-square, Fisher's exact tests, and Student's t-tests...
2016: Pragmat Obs Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26698203/anca-negative-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-sometimes-it-really-is-vasculitis
#3
Niharika Tyagi, Tim Maheswaran, Sunil Wimalaratna
A 21-year-old woman, with a background of asthma, presented to medical admissions ward, with diarrhoea and vomiting; the clinical picture during her admission evolved to include acute shortness of breath, seizures, unsteadiness, low mood and apathy. Investigations revealed pericardial, pleural effusions, myocardial infiltration and vasculitic lesions in the brain. Although serological tests for autoantibodies were negative, an eventual diagnosis of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, formerly known as Churg-Strauss syndrome, was performed based on the clinical picture...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26587370/female-athlete-triad-awareness-among-multispecialty-physicians
#4
Emily J Curry, Catherine Logan, Kathryn Ackerman, Kelly C McInnis, Elizabeth G Matzkin
BACKGROUND: The female athlete triad (Triad) is a serious condition with lifelong consequences seen in physically active females. Prior studies assessing Triad knowledge among coaches/athletic trainers reported surprisingly low awareness results. Our aims were to (1) determine the percentage of physicians across multiple specialties who had heard of the phrase "female athlete triad" and (2) determine the percentage who can properly diagnose or have a high comfort level appropriately referring these patients...
2015: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26354001/diametrical-diseases-reflect-evolutionary-genetic-tradeoffs-evidence-from-psychiatry-neurology-rheumatology-oncology-and-immunology
#5
REVIEW
Bernard J Crespi, Matthew C Go
Tradeoffs centrally mediate the expression of human adaptations. We propose that tradeoffs also influence the prevalence and forms of human maladaptation manifest in disease. By this logic, increased risk for one set of diseases commonly engenders decreased risk for another, diametric, set of diseases. We describe evidence for such diametric sets of diseases from epidemiological, genetic and molecular studies in four clinical domains: (i) psychiatry (autism vs psychotic-affective conditions), (ii) rheumatology (osteoarthritis vs osteoporosis), (iii) oncology and neurology (cancer vs neurodegenerative disorders) and (iv) immunology (autoimmunity vs infectious disease)...
2015: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26264627/problems-with-sickness-certification-tasks-experiences-from-physicians-in-different-clinical-settings-a-cross-sectional-nationwide-study-in-sweden
#6
Therese Ljungquist, Elin Hinas, Gunnar H Nilsson, Catharina Gustavsson, Britt Arrelöv, Kristina Alexanderson
BACKGROUND: Many physicians find sickness certification of patients problematic. The aims were to explore problems that physicians in different clinical settings experience with sickness certification tasks in general and with assessment of function, work capacity, and need for sick leave, as well as handling of sick-leave spells of different durations. METHODS: Data from a questionnaire sent to 33,144 physicians aged <68 years, living and working in Sweden in 2012 were analysed...
2015: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26060443/growing-applications-of-fdg-pet-ct-imaging-in-non-oncologic-conditions
#7
Hongming Zhuang, Ion Codreanu
As the number of clinical applications of 2-[fluorine 18]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) grows, familiarity with the conditions that can be diagnosed by this modality and when relevant pieces of additional information can be obtained becomes increasingly important for both requesting physicians and nuclear medicine physicians or radiologists who interpret the findings. Apart from its heavy use in clinical oncology, FDG PET-CT is widely used in a variety of non-oncologic conditions interconnecting to such disciplines as general internal medicine, infectious diseases, cardiology, neurology, surgery, traumatology, orthopedics, pediatrics, endocrinology, rheumatology, psychiatry, neuropsychology, and cognitive neuroscience...
May 2015: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25907254/advancing-the-screening-of-fibromyalgia-in-late-life-depression-practical-implications-for-psychiatric-settings
#8
John R Jochum, Amy E Begley, Mary Amanda Dew, Debra K Weiner, Jordan F Karp
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is common in older adults suffering from mood disorders. However, clinical diagnosis of FM is challenging, particularly in psychiatric settings. We examined the prevalence of FM and the sensitivity of three simple screeners for FM. METHODS: Using cross-sectional data, we evaluated three tests against the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 1990 Criteria for the Classification of FM: a "Do you often feel like you hurt all over?" question, a pain map score, and the Pope and Hudson (PH) interview for FM...
September 2015: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25658524/ticking-the-right-boxes-classification-of-patients-suspected-of-lyme-borreliosis-at-an-academic-referral-center-in-the-netherlands
#9
J Coumou, E A Herkes, M C Brouwer, D van de Beek, S W Tas, G Casteelen, M van Vugt, M V Starink, H J C de Vries, B de Wever, L Spanjaard, J W R Hovius
To provide better care for patients suspected of having Lyme borreliosis (LB) we founded the Amsterdam Multidisciplinary Lyme borreliosis Center (AMLC). The AMLC reflects a collaborative effort of the departments of internal medicine/infectious diseases, rheumatology, neurology, dermatology, medical microbiology and psychiatry. In a retrospective case series, characteristics of 200 adult patients referred to the AMLC were recorded, and patients were classified as having LB, post-treatment LB syndrome (PTLBS), persistent Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s...
April 2015: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25561888/experimental-model-for-elf-emf-exposure-concern-for-human-health
#10
C D'Angelo, E Costantini, M A Kamal, M Reale
Low frequency (LF) electromagnetic fields (EMFs) are abundantly present in modern society and in the last 20 years the interest about the possible effect of extremely low frequency (ELF) EMFs on human health has increased progressively. Epidemiological studies, designed to verify whether EMF exposure may be a potential risk factor for health, have led to controversial results. The possible association between EMFs and an increased incidence of childhood leukemia, brain tumors or neurodegenerative diseases was not fully elucidated...
January 2015: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25516539/search-for-humouristic-and-extravagant-acronyms-and-thoroughly-inappropriate-names-for-important-clinical-trials-scientific-qualitative-and-quantitative-systematic-study
#11
REVIEW
Anton Pottegård, Maija Bruun Haastrup, Tore Bjerregaard Stage, Morten Rix Hansen, Kasper Søltoft Larsen, Peter Martin Meegaard, Line Haugaard Vrdlovec Meegaard, Henrik Horneberg, Charlotte Gils, Dorthe Dideriksen, Lise Aagaard, Anna Birna Almarsdottir, Jesper Hallas, Per Damkier
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development of acronym use across five major medical specialties and to evaluate the technical and aesthetic quality of the acronyms. DESIGN: Acronyms obtained through a literature search of Pubmed.gov followed by a standardised assessment of acronym quality (BEAUTY and CHEATING criteria). PARTICIPANTS: Randomised controlled trials within psychiatry, rheumatology, pulmonary medicine, endocrinology, and cardiology published between 2000 and 2012...
2014: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25325534/clinical-evaluation-of-youth-with-pediatric-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-syndrome-pans-recommendations-from-the-2013-pans-consensus-conference
#12
Kiki Chang, Jennifer Frankovich, Michael Cooperstock, Madeleine W Cunningham, M Elizabeth Latimer, Tanya K Murphy, Mark Pasternack, Margo Thienemann, Kyle Williams, Jolan Walter, Susan E Swedo
On May 23 and 24, 2013, the First PANS Consensus Conference was convened at Stanford University, calling together a geographically diverse group of clinicians and researchers from complementary fields of pediatrics: General and developmental pediatrics, infectious diseases, immunology, rheumatology, neurology, and child psychiatry. Participants were academicians with clinical and research interests in pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with streptococcus (PANDAS) in youth, and the larger category of pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS)...
February 2015: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24697509/does-fatigue-occur-in-ms-patients-without-disability
#13
Helcio Alvarenga-Filho, Regina Maria Papais-Alvarenga, Sonia Regina Carvalho, Heleine Norman Clemente, Claudia Cristina Vasconcelos, Ricardo Marques Dias
BACKGROUND: Motor dysfunction and fatigue are the most common impairments that are associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). Walk tests and scales demonstrate the presence of fatigue in patients with MS with different levels of disability. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate objective and subjective fatigue in MS patients without disability. METHODS: Were selected MS patients with relapsing remitting clinical course, from 18 to 55 years old and EDSS 0 to 1...
February 2015: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24645858/interview-the-need-to-tailor-pain-management-approaches-to-individual-requirements
#14
Robert L Barkin
Robert L Barkin talks to Roshaine Gunawardana, Commissioning Editor: Dr Barkin has authored over 150 publications including journals, book chapters and CD-Roms. He is a reviewer for over 30 journals, on the editorial board of nine journals and is an Associate Editor of the American Journal of Therapeutics. He received his BSc. Pharmacy degree from St Louis College of Pharmacy and Allied Science St Louis, MO, USA in 1963, an MBA in Healthcare Administration at DePaul University Chicago, IL, USA in 1976 and a doctorate in Clinical Pharmacy at Purdue University, IN, USA in 1985...
September 2012: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24518281/use-of-patient-reported-outcome-pro-measures-at-group-and-patient-levels-experiences-from-the-generic-integrated-pro-system-westchronic
#15
Niels Henrik Ingvar Hjollund, Louise Pape Larsen, Karin Biering, Soren Paaske Johnsen, Erik Riiskjær, Liv Marit Schougaard
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures may be used at a group level for research and quality improvement and at the individual patient level to support clinical decision making and ensure efficient use of resources. The challenges involved in implementing PRO measures are mostly the same regardless of aims and diagnostic groups and include logistic feasibility, high response rates, robustness, and ability to adapt to the needs of patient groups and settings. If generic PRO systems can adapt to specific needs, advanced technology can be shared between medical specialties and for different aims...
2014: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24167700/impact-of-active-monitoring-on-lithium-management-in-norfolk
#16
Emma Kirkham, Stephen Bazire, Timothy Anderson, John Wood, Paul Grassby, James A Desborough
BACKGROUND: Lithium has been used in the fields of rheumatology and psychiatry since the 1800s and it is now generally considered to be a gold standard treatment for bipolar disorders. However, lithium is known to have significant side effects and requires close serum level monitoring to ensure levels remain within the therapeutic range to minimize the risk of serious adverse effects or toxicity. This article reviews the monitoring of lithium and reports on the implementation of a regional lithium register and database within Norfolk...
October 2013: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23967881/patterns-and-expenditures-of-multi-morbidity-in-an-insured-working-population-in-the-united-states-insights-for-a-sustainable-health-care-system-and-building-healthier-lives
#17
Robert Greene, Edwin Dasso, Sam Ho, Jerry Frank, Graeme Scandrett, Ash Genaidy
The U.S. health care system is currently heading toward unsustainable health care expenditures and increased dissatisfaction with health outcomes. The objective of this population-based study is to uncover practical insights regarding patients with 1 or more chronic illnesses. A cross-sectional investigation was designed to gather data from health records drawn from diverse US geographic markets. A database of 9.74 million fully-insured, working individuals was used, together with members in the same households...
December 2013: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23967608/-an-analysis-of-impact-factor-of-chinese-journal-of-internal-medicine-from-2008-to-2010
#18
Xi-Bin Shen, Zhi-Wei Shen, Jian-Jun Hou, Yun-Qiu Ding, Zhao-Hui Hu, Hue-Mei He
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the articles and citation published in the Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine from 2008 to 2010, in order to investigate the influence factors of impact factor (IF). METHODS: All articles published in the Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine covered by Chinese Medical Citation Index(CMCI) from 2008 to 2010 were searched and downloaded. Some article related attributions were manual added and their influences to IF were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 1164 academic papers were published in the journal in 3 years, with 9...
February 2013: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23552258/access-to-subspecialty-care-for-patients-with-mobility-impairment-a-survey
#19
Tara Lagu, Nicholas S Hannon, Michael B Rothberg, Annalee S Wells, K Laurie Green, McAllister O Windom, Katherine R Dempsey, Penelope S Pekow, Jill S Avrunin, Aaron Chen, Peter K Lindenauer
BACKGROUND: Adults who use wheelchairs have difficulty accessing physicians and receive less preventive care than their able-bodied counterparts. OBJECTIVE: To learn about the accessibility of medical and surgical subspecialist practices for patients with mobility impairment. DESIGN: A telephone survey was used to try to make an appointment for a fictional patient who was obese and hemiparetic, used a wheelchair, and could not self-transfer from chair to examination table...
March 19, 2013: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23343862/time-trends-in-the-incidence-of-work-related-mental-ill-health-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-the-uk
#20
Melanie Carder, Roseanne McNamee, Susan Turner, John Timothy Hodgson, Fiona Holland, Raymond M Agius
OBJECTIVES: To determine UK trends (from 1996 to 2009) in incidence of work-related mental ill-health and musculoskeletal disorders, for all industry as well as for health and social care employees. Second, to investigate whether there may have been a recent shift from a physical to psychological perspective in how patients present their illness by comparing reporting trends for back pain and 'other work stress'. METHODS: Multilevel models were used to investigate changes in incidence of work-related illness, as diagnosed by specialist physicians...
May 2013: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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