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Psychiatry and rheumatology

T Abeywickrama, K Amarasinghe, S Wijerathne, C Dharmaratne, D Fernando, B C Senaratna, H A K M Gunasekera
Introduction: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is transmitted through direct contact or fomites. The most important means of nosocomial spread is by hospital personnel. However, fomites are being increasingly recognized as sources of nosocomial infection. Objectives: Our aim was to describe the MRSA contamination rate of phlebotomy tourniquets and faucets in a tertiary care hospital and to compare the contamination of plastic tourniquets with that of fabric tourniquets...
March 31, 2018: Ceylon Medical Journal
Mohammed D Saleem
Rosacea is one of the most common and misunderstood dermatologic conditions. Currently, rosacea criteria are based on expert opinion; the definition of rosacea is primarily a reflection of opinion that is prone to bias. It has been more than a decade since the initial criteria were created by the National Rosacea Society. Revisiting the criteria and incorporating evidence-based techniques used by rheumatology and psychiatry can improve the validity and reliability of rosacea criteria. Literature from other specialties is reviewed and a method proposed for developing valid criteria...
April 2018: Dermatologic Clinics
Adriani Nikolakopoulou, Dimitris Mavridis, Toshi A Furukawa, Andrea Cipriani, Andrea C Tricco, Sharon E Straus, George C M Siontis, Matthias Egger, Georgia Salanti
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the continuous updating of networks of prospectively planned randomised controlled trials (RCTs) ("living" network meta-analysis) provides strong evidence against the null hypothesis in comparative effectiveness of medical interventions earlier than the updating of conventional, pairwise meta-analysis. DESIGN: Empirical study of the accumulating evidence about the comparative effectiveness of clinical interventions. DATA SOURCES: Database of network meta-analyses of RCTs identified through searches of Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews until 14 April 2015...
February 28, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Renata A Alveno, Caroline V Miranda, Caroline G Passone, Aurora R Waetge, Elza S Hojo, Sylvia C L Farhat, Vicente Odone-Filho, Uenis Tannuri, Werther B Carvalho, Magda Carneiro-Sampaio, Clovis A Silva
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of children and adolescentes with chronic diseases of outpatient clinics at a tertiary university hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 16,237 patients with chronic diseases followed-up in one year. The data were collected through the electronic system, according to the number of physician appointments in 23 pediatric specialties. Patients were divided in two groups: children (0-9 years) and adolescents (10-19 years)...
October 2, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
Peter C Taylor, Rakesh Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2017: Rheumatology
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
August 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Stephen L Able, Rebecca L Robinson, Kurt Kroenke, Philip Mease, David A Williams, Yi Chen, Madelaine Wohlreich, Bill H McCarberg
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of physician specialty regarding diagnosis and treatment of fibromyalgia (FM) and assess the clinical status of patients initiating new treatment for FM using data from Real-World Examination of Fibromyalgia: Longitudinal Evaluation of Costs and Treatments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Outpatients from 58 sites in the United States were enrolled. Data were collected via in-office surveys and telephone interviews. Pairwise comparisons by specialty were made using chi-square, Fisher's exact tests, and Student's t-tests...
2016: Pragmatic and Observational Research
Niharika Tyagi, Tim Maheswaran, Sunil Wimalaratna
A 21-year-old woman, with a background of asthma, presented to medical admissions ward, with diarrhoea and vomiting; the clinical picture during her admission evolved to include acute shortness of breath, seizures, unsteadiness, low mood and apathy. Investigations revealed pericardial, pleural effusions, myocardial infiltration and vasculitic lesions in the brain. Although serological tests for autoantibodies were negative, an eventual diagnosis of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, formerly known as Churg-Strauss syndrome, was performed based on the clinical picture...
December 23, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Emily J Curry, Catherine Logan, Kathryn Ackerman, Kelly C McInnis, Elizabeth G Matzkin
BACKGROUND: The female athlete triad (Triad) is a serious condition with lifelong consequences seen in physically active females. Prior studies assessing Triad knowledge among coaches/athletic trainers reported surprisingly low awareness results. Our aims were to (1) determine the percentage of physicians across multiple specialties who had heard of the phrase "female athlete triad" and (2) determine the percentage who can properly diagnose or have a high comfort level appropriately referring these patients...
2015: Sports Medicine—Open
Bernard J Crespi, Matthew C Go
Tradeoffs centrally mediate the expression of human adaptations. We propose that tradeoffs also influence the prevalence and forms of human maladaptation manifest in disease. By this logic, increased risk for one set of diseases commonly engenders decreased risk for another, diametric, set of diseases. We describe evidence for such diametric sets of diseases from epidemiological, genetic and molecular studies in four clinical domains: (i) psychiatry (autism vs psychotic-affective conditions), (ii) rheumatology (osteoarthritis vs osteoporosis), (iii) oncology and neurology (cancer vs neurodegenerative disorders) and (iv) immunology (autoimmunity vs infectious disease)...
2015: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
Therese Ljungquist, Elin Hinas, Gunnar H Nilsson, Catharina Gustavsson, Britt Arrelöv, Kristina Alexanderson
BACKGROUND: Many physicians find sickness certification of patients problematic. The aims were to explore problems that physicians in different clinical settings experience with sickness certification tasks in general and with assessment of function, work capacity, and need for sick leave, as well as handling of sick-leave spells of different durations. METHODS: Data from a questionnaire sent to 33,144 physicians aged <68 years, living and working in Sweden in 2012 were analysed...
2015: BMC Health Services Research
Hongming Zhuang, Ion Codreanu
As the number of clinical applications of 2-[fluorine 18]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) grows, familiarity with the conditions that can be diagnosed by this modality and when relevant pieces of additional information can be obtained becomes increasingly important for both requesting physicians and nuclear medicine physicians or radiologists who interpret the findings. Apart from its heavy use in clinical oncology, FDG PET-CT is widely used in a variety of non-oncologic conditions interconnecting to such disciplines as general internal medicine, infectious diseases, cardiology, neurology, surgery, traumatology, orthopedics, pediatrics, endocrinology, rheumatology, psychiatry, neuropsychology, and cognitive neuroscience...
May 2015: Journal of Biomedical Research
John R Jochum, Amy E Begley, Mary Amanda Dew, Debra K Weiner, Jordan F Karp
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is common in older adults suffering from mood disorders. However, clinical diagnosis of FM is challenging, particularly in psychiatric settings. We examined the prevalence of FM and the sensitivity of three simple screeners for FM. METHODS: Using cross-sectional data, we evaluated three tests against the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 1990 Criteria for the Classification of FM: a "Do you often feel like you hurt all over?" question, a pain map score, and the Pope and Hudson (PH) interview for FM...
September 2015: International Psychogeriatrics
J Coumou, E A Herkes, M C Brouwer, D van de Beek, S W Tas, G Casteelen, M van Vugt, M V Starink, H J C de Vries, B de Wever, L Spanjaard, J W R Hovius
To provide better care for patients suspected of having Lyme borreliosis (LB) we founded the Amsterdam Multidisciplinary Lyme borreliosis Center (AMLC). The AMLC reflects a collaborative effort of the departments of internal medicine/infectious diseases, rheumatology, neurology, dermatology, medical microbiology and psychiatry. In a retrospective case series, characteristics of 200 adult patients referred to the AMLC were recorded, and patients were classified as having LB, post-treatment LB syndrome (PTLBS), persistent Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s...
April 2015: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
C D'Angelo, E Costantini, M A Kamal, M Reale
Low frequency (LF) electromagnetic fields (EMFs) are abundantly present in modern society and in the last 20 years the interest about the possible effect of extremely low frequency (ELF) EMFs on human health has increased progressively. Epidemiological studies, designed to verify whether EMF exposure may be a potential risk factor for health, have led to controversial results. The possible association between EMFs and an increased incidence of childhood leukemia, brain tumors or neurodegenerative diseases was not fully elucidated...
January 2015: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Anton Pottegård, Maija Bruun Haastrup, Tore Bjerregaard Stage, Morten Rix Hansen, Kasper Søltoft Larsen, Peter Martin Meegaard, Line Haugaard Vrdlovec Meegaard, Henrik Horneberg, Charlotte Gils, Dorthe Dideriksen, Lise Aagaard, Anna Birna Almarsdottir, Jesper Hallas, Per Damkier
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development of acronym use across five major medical specialties and to evaluate the technical and aesthetic quality of the acronyms. DESIGN: Acronyms obtained through a literature search of followed by a standardised assessment of acronym quality (BEAUTY and CHEATING criteria). PARTICIPANTS: Randomised controlled trials within psychiatry, rheumatology, pulmonary medicine, endocrinology, and cardiology published between 2000 and 2012...
2014: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Kiki Chang, Jennifer Frankovich, Michael Cooperstock, Madeleine W Cunningham, M Elizabeth Latimer, Tanya K Murphy, Mark Pasternack, Margo Thienemann, Kyle Williams, Jolan Walter, Susan E Swedo
On May 23 and 24, 2013, the First PANS Consensus Conference was convened at Stanford University, calling together a geographically diverse group of clinicians and researchers from complementary fields of pediatrics: General and developmental pediatrics, infectious diseases, immunology, rheumatology, neurology, and child psychiatry. Participants were academicians with clinical and research interests in pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with streptococcus (PANDAS) in youth, and the larger category of pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS)...
February 2015: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Helcio Alvarenga-Filho, Regina Maria Papais-Alvarenga, Sonia Regina Carvalho, Heleine Norman Clemente, Claudia Cristina Vasconcelos, Ricardo Marques Dias
BACKGROUND: Motor dysfunction and fatigue are the most common impairments that are associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). Walk tests and scales demonstrate the presence of fatigue in patients with MS with different levels of disability. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate objective and subjective fatigue in MS patients without disability. METHODS: Were selected MS patients with relapsing remitting clinical course, from 18 to 55 years old and EDSS 0 to 1...
February 2015: International Journal of Neuroscience
Robert L Barkin
Robert L Barkin talks to Roshaine Gunawardana, Commissioning Editor: Dr Barkin has authored over 150 publications including journals, book chapters and CD-Roms. He is a reviewer for over 30 journals, on the editorial board of nine journals and is an Associate Editor of the American Journal of Therapeutics. He received his BSc. Pharmacy degree from St Louis College of Pharmacy and Allied Science St Louis, MO, USA in 1963, an MBA in Healthcare Administration at DePaul University Chicago, IL, USA in 1976 and a doctorate in Clinical Pharmacy at Purdue University, IN, USA in 1985...
September 2012: Pain Management
Niels Henrik Ingvar Hjollund, Louise Pape Larsen, Karin Biering, Soren Paaske Johnsen, Erik Riiskjær, Liv Marit Schougaard
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures may be used at a group level for research and quality improvement and at the individual patient level to support clinical decision making and ensure efficient use of resources. The challenges involved in implementing PRO measures are mostly the same regardless of aims and diagnostic groups and include logistic feasibility, high response rates, robustness, and ability to adapt to the needs of patient groups and settings. If generic PRO systems can adapt to specific needs, advanced technology can be shared between medical specialties and for different aims...
2014: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
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