keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blue bodies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431090/current-status-of-the-blue-butterfly-in-fukushima-research
#1
Joji M Otaki, Wataru Taira
Adverse biological impacts of the Fukushima nuclear accident have been revealed using the pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha, since 2012, which were often considered incompatible with the conventional understanding of radiation biology. This discrepancy likely originates from different system conditions and methodologies. In this article, we first respond to comments from the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) regarding our study; "technical errors" in unit usage and mathematical models noted by UNSCEAR are not errors but reflect our research philosophy not to introduce theoretical assumptions associated with unit conversion and mathematical fit...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429324/photomovement-in-euglena
#2
Donat-P Häder, Mineo Iseki
Motile microorganisms such as the green Euglena gracilis use a number of external stimuli to orient in their environment. They respond to light with photophobic responses, photokinesis and phototaxis, all of which can result in accumulations of the organisms in suitable habitats. The light responses operate synergistically with gravitaxis, aerotaxis and other responses. Originally the microscopically obvious stigma was thought to be the photoreceptor, but later the paraxonemal body (PAB, paraflagellar body) has been identified as the light responsive organelle, located in the trailing flagellum inside the reservoir...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425502/revealing-hidden-conformational-space-of-lov-protein-vivid-through-rigid-residue-scan-simulations
#3
Hongyu Zhou, Brian D Zoltowski, Peng Tao
VIVID(VVD) protein is a Light-Oxygen-Voltage(LOV) domain in circadian clock system. Upon blue light activation, a covalent bond is formed between VVD residue Cys108 and its cofactor flavin adenine dinucleotide(FAD), and prompts VVD switching from Dark state to Light state with significant conformational deviation. However, the mechanism of this local environment initiated global protein conformational change remains elusive. We employed a recently developed computational approach, rigid residue scan(RRS), to systematically probe the impact of the internal degrees of freedom in each amino acid residue of VVD on its overall dynamics by applying rigid body constraint on each residue in molecular dynamics simulations...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413723/physiological-effects-of-five-different-marine-natural-organic-matters-noms-and-three-different-metals-cu-pb-zn-on-early-life-stages-of-the-blue-mussel-mytilus-galloprovincialis
#4
Lygia Sega Nogueira, Adalto Bianchini, Scott Smith, Marianna Basso Jorge, Rachael L Diamond, Chris M Wood
Metals are present in aquatic environments as a result of natural and anthropogenic inputs, and may induce toxicity to organisms. One of the main factors that influence this toxicity in fresh water is natural organic matter (NOM) but all NOMs are not the same in this regard. In sea water, possible protection by marine NOMs is not well understood. Thus, our study isolated marine NOMs by solid-phase extraction from five different sites and characterized them by excitation-emission fluorescence analysis-one inshore (terrigenous origin), two offshore (autochthonous origin), and two intermediate in composition (indicative of a mixed origin)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409182/glutathione-disulfide-liposomes-a-research-tool-for-the-study-of-glutathione-disulfide-associated-functions-and-dysfunctions
#5
Satya S Sadhu, Jiashu Xie, Hongwei Zhang, Omathanu Perumal, Xiangming Guan
Glutathione disulfide (GSSG) is the oxidized form of glutathione (GSH). GSH is a tripeptide present in the biological system in mM concentration and is the major antioxidant in the body. An increase in GSSG reflects an increase in intracellular oxidative stress and is associated with disease sates. The increase has also been demonstrated to lead to an increase in protein S-glutathionylation that can affect the structure and function of proteins. Protein S-glutathionylation serves as a regulatory mechanism during cellular oxidative stress...
September 2016: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408744/room-temperature-field-effect-transistors-with-metallic-ultrathin-tin-based-channel-prepared-by-atomic-layer-delta-doping-and-deposition
#6
Po-Hsien Cheng, Chun-Yuan Wang, Teng-Jan Chang, Tsung-Han Shen, Yu-Syuan Cai, Miin-Jang Chen
Metallic channel transistors have been proposed as the candidate for sub-10 nm technology node. However, the conductivity modulation in metallic channels can only be observed at low temperatures usually below 100 K. In this study, room-temperature field effect and modulation of the channel resistance was achieved in the metallic channel transistors, in which the oxygen-doped TiN ultrathin-body channels were prepared by the atomic layer delta doping and deposition (AL3D) with precise control of the channel thickness and electron concentration...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408528/cerenkov-radiation-induced-photoimmunotherapy-with-18-f-fdg
#7
Yuko Nakamura, Tadanobu Nagaya, Kazuhide Sato, Shuhei Okuyama, Fusa Ogata, Karen J Wong, Stephen Adler, Peter L Choyke, Hisataka Kobayashi
Near infrared photoimmunotherapy (NIR-PIT) is a new cancer treatment that combines the specificity of antibodies for targeting tumors with toxicity induced by photo-absorbers after irradiation with NIR light. A limitation of NIR-PIT is the inability to deliver NIR light to a tumor located deep inside the body. Cerenkov radiation (CR) is ultraviolet and blue light which is produced by a charged particle travelling through a dielectric medium faster than the speed of light in that medium and is commonly produced during radioactive decay...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407861/influence-of-different-types-of-lamps-on-the-reproductive-development-of-male-japanese-quail-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#8
Pâmela L Retes, Marcelo Espósito, Danusa G das Neves, Arabela G A Viana, Louise M Coelho, Manuel F Bobadilla-Mendez, Renata R Alvarenga, Edison J Fassani, Juliano V Peixoto, Márcio G Zangeronimo
Reproductive tract development during puberty is critical to reproductive performance, and the light is crucial in this process in birds. However, in male quail, there is little information on the effects of types of lamps, more specifically the wavelength emitted. Thus, the objective was to evaluate the effects of types of lamps on the reproductive performance of male Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Two hundred and forty male quail were exposed to six different types of lamp (incandescent, white fluorescent, or blue, white, red or green LED)...
May 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403227/wolbachia-density-changes-seasonally-amongst-populations-of-the-pale-grass-blue-butterfly-zizeeria-maha-lepidoptera-lycaenidae
#9
Takuto Sumi, Kazuki Miura, Takahisa Miyatake
Previous studies showed that the survival rate of Wolbachia decreases under high temperature in incubators. It is also known that a high density of Wolbachia in the host body reduces the host emergence rate, while low densities fail to change reproduction rates. However, few studies have examined the density of Wolbachia in hosts in the field. Here, we focus on Wolbachia infection of the pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae), which is distributed throughout the Japanese islands...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393001/neuro-tracing-approach-to-study-kidney-innervation-a-technical-note
#10
Sanghee Lee, Anna P Malykhina
Neuro-tracing approach is a great option to study innervation of the visceral organs including the kidneys. Important factors contributing to the success of this technique include the choice of a neuro-tracer, and delivery methods to result in successful labeling of peripheral sensory and motor ganglia. The neuro-tracer is usually applied directly to the kidney accessed via a surgical opening of the abdominal wall under deep anesthesia. A series of local microinjections of the dye are performed followed by a wound closure, and recovery period from the surgery...
March 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384157/contrasting-seasonality-in-optical-biogeochemical-properties-of-the-baltic-sea
#11
Stefan G H Simis, Pasi Ylöstalo, Kari Y Kallio, Kristian Spilling, Tiit Kutser
Optical-biogeochemical relationships of particulate and dissolved organic matter are presented in support of remote sensing of the Baltic Sea pelagic. This system exhibits strong seasonality in phytoplankton community composition and wide gradients of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM), properties which are poorly handled by existing remote sensing algorithms. Absorption and scattering properties of particulate matter reflected the seasonality in biological (phytoplankton succession) and physical (thermal stratification) processes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381111/spontaneous-spinal-plexiform-perineurioma-in-a-juvenile-chicken-gallus-domesticus
#12
Lara Cusack, Uriel Blas-Machado, Joerg Mayer
A 2-mo-old pet chicken ( Gallus domesticus) was presented because of lameness and a hind limb mass of 1 mo duration. Radiographs revealed a soft tissue mass extending from the mid-femur into the body wall. Cytology of a sample obtained from a fine-needle aspirate was unremarkable. The bird was prepared for surgical investigation of the mass but died acutely at the time of pre-medication. Autopsy revealed an extradural mesenchymal neoplasm that focally compressed the lumbar spinal cord, extended into and along the adjacent nerve structures, and displaced the kidneys, skeletal muscle, and body wall...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380539/the-larson-blue-coat-color-phenotype-in-holsteins-characteristics-and-effects-on-body-temperature-regulation-and-production-in-lactating-cows-in-a-hot-climate
#13
S Dikmen, G E Dahl, J B Cole, D J Null, P J Hansen
Here we report a previously undescribed coat color phenotype in Holstein cattle. Larson Blue Holsteins, located on a dairy in south Florida, exhibit a coloration pattern that is similar to that of black and white or red and white Holsteins except that, instead of being black or red, darker regions of the body vary in color from gray to taupe. The Larson Blue phenotype was readily apparent in young calves. The phenotype is not due to inheritance of known mutations causing coat color variation in cattle, including dominant red, Telstar, silver color dilutor, or Dun color...
March 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373929/work-related-correlates-of-occupational-sitting-in-a-diverse-sample-of-employees-in-midwest-metropolitan-cities
#14
Lin Yang, J Aaron Hipp, Jung Ae Lee, Rachel G Tabak, Elizabeth A Dodson, Christine M Marx, Ross C Brownson
The worksite serves as an ideal setting to reduce sedentary time. Yet little research has focused on occupational sitting, and few have considered factors beyond the personal or socio-demographic level. The current study i) examined variation in occupational sitting across different occupations, ii) explored whether worksite level factors (e.g., employer size, worksite supports and policies) may be associated with occupational sitting. Between 2012 and 2013, participants residing in four Missouri metropolitan areas were interviewed via telephone and provided information on socio-demographic characteristics, schedule flexibility, occupation, work related factors, and worksite supports and policies...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373021/color-of-hot-soup-modulates-postprandial-satiety-thermal-sensation-and-body-temperature-in-young-women
#15
Maki Suzuki, Rie Kimura, Yasue Kido, Tomoko Inoue, Toshio Moritani, Narumi Nagai
The color of food is known to modulate not only consumers' motivation to eat, but also thermal perception. Here we investigated whether the colors of hot soup can influence thermal sensations and body temperature, in addition to the food acceptability and appetite. Twelve young female participants consumed commercial white potage soup, modified to yellow or blue by adding food dyes, at 9 a.m. on 3 separated days. During the test, visual impression (willingness to eat, palatability, comfort, warmth, and anxiety) and thermal sensations were self-reported using visual analog scales...
April 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370487/contrast-induced-nephropathy-in-patients-undergoing-endovascular-peripheral-vascular-intervention-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-as-observed-in-the-blue-cross-blue-shield-of-michigan-cardiovascular-consortium
#16
P Michael Grossman, Syed S Ali, Herbert D Aronow, Michael Boros, Timothy J Nypaver, Theodore L Schreiber, Yeo Jung Park, Peter K Henke, Hitinder S Gurm
BACKGROUND: The incidence, risk factors, and outcomes associated with Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) after Percutaneous Vascular Intervention (PVI) in contemporary medical practice are largely unknown. METHODS: A total of 13 126 patients undergoing PVI were included in the analysis. CIN was defined as an increase in serum creatinine from pre-PVI baseline to post-PVI peak Cr of ≥0.5 mg/dL. RESULTS: CIN occurred in 3% (400 patients) of the cohort, and 26 patients (6...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356453/the-melanocortin-system-regulates-body-pigmentation-and-social-behaviour-in-a-colour-polymorphic-cichlid-fish
#17
Peter D Dijkstra, Sean M Maguire, Rayna M Harris, Agosto A Rodriguez, Ross S DeAngelis, Stephanie A Flores, Hans A Hofmann
The melanocortin system is a neuroendocrine system that regulates a range of physiological and behavioural processes. We examined the extent to which the melanocortin system simultaneously regulates colour and behaviour in the cichlid fish Astatotilapia burtoni We found that yellow males are more aggressive than blue males, in line with previous studies. We then found that exogenous α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) increases yellowness of the body and dispersal of xanthophore pigments in both morphs...
March 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347255/inhibition-of-l-type-amino-acid-transporter-1-activity-as-a-new-therapeutic-target-for-cholangiocarcinoma-treatment
#18
Supak Yothaisong, Hasaya Dokduang, Naohiko Anzai, Keitaro Hayashi, Nisana Namwat, Puangrat Yongvanit, Sakkarn Sangkhamanon, Promsuk Jutabha, Hitoshi Endou, Watcharin Loilome
Unlike normal cells, cancer cells undergo unlimited growth and multiplication, causing them to require massive amounts of amino acid to support their continuous metabolism. Among the amino acid transporters expressed on the plasma membrane, l-type amino acid transporter-1, a Na(+)-independent neutral amino acid transporter, is highly expressed in many types of human cancer including cholangiocarcinoma. Our previous study reported that l-type amino acid transporter-1 and its co-functional protein CD98 were highly expressed and implicated in cholangiocarcinoma progression and carcinogenesis...
March 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329592/giant-subungual-glomus-tumor-clinical-dermoscopy-imagiologic-and-surgery-details
#19
Ana Filipa Duarte, Osvaldo Correia, Hugo Barreiros, Eckart Haneke
Glomus tumor is a rare benign vascular hamartoma derived from the modified smooth muscle cells of the glomus body. Paroxysmal pain is the leading symptom. A 78-year-old woman presented at our clinic with a 50-year history of a slow growing painful purple blue tender nodule under the right fourth finger nail. Dermoscopy and magnetic ressonance confirmed the presence of a large subungual tumor and total surgical excision was performed after partial nail plate avulsion. Histologic examination confirmed a glomus tumor...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328630/fluorescein-isothiocyanate-a-novel-application-for-lymphatic-surgery
#20
Lisa Spiguel, Christiana Shaw, Adam Katz, Lifei Guo, Hung-Chi Chen, Bernard T Lee, Dhruv Singhal
The Lymphatic Microsurgical Preventing Healing Approach (LYMPHA) procedure entails performing a lymphovenous bypass (LVB) at the time of axillary lymph node dissection to reduce lymphedema risk. The two most common fluorophores utilized in LVB are blue dye and indocyanine green. We developed a novel application of fluorescein isothiocyanate for intraoperative lymphatic mapping. Our goal is to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of fluorescein isothiocyanate for this application. We reviewed a prospectively collected database on breast cancer patients who underwent LYMPHA from March to September 2015...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
keyword
keyword
44577
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"