keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blue bodies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907261/fitting-state-space-integral-projection-models-to-size-structured-time-series-data-to-estimate-unknown-parameters
#1
J Wilson White, Kerry J Nickols, Daniel Malone, Mark H Carr, Richard M Starr, Flora Cordoleani, Marissa L Baskett, Alan Hastings, Louis W Botsford
Integral projection models (IPMs) have a number of advantages over matrix-model approaches for analyzing size-structured population dynamics, because the latter require parameter estimates for each age or stage transition. However, IPMs still require appropriate data. Typically they are parameterized using individual-scale relationships between body size and demographic rates, but these are not always available. We present an alternative approach for estimating demographic parameters from time series of size-structured survey data using a Bayesian state-space IPM (SSIPM)...
December 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893779/rapid-recovery-of-visual-function-associated-with-blue-cone-ablation-in-zebrafish
#2
Gordon F Hagerman, Nicole C L Noel, Sylvia Y Cao, Michèle G DuVal, A Phillip Oel, W Ted Allison
Hurdles in the treatment of retinal degeneration include managing the functional rewiring of surviving photoreceptors and integration of any newly added cells into the remaining second-order retinal neurons. Zebrafish are the premier genetic model for such questions, and we present two new transgenic lines allowing us to contrast vision loss and recovery following conditional ablation of specific cone types: UV or blue cones. The ablation of each cone type proved to be thorough (killing 80% of cells in each intended cone class), specific, and cell-autonomous...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882652/embryonic-developmental-process-governing-the-conspicuousness-of-body-stripes-and-blue-tail-coloration-in-the-lizard-plestiodon-latiscutatus
#3
Takeo Kuriyama, Masami Hasegawa
The combination of body stripes and vivid blue tail color has independently evolved in different lizard families. To understand how and when lizards developed this coloration, we microscopically compared the embryonic development of pigment cells in two island populations of Plestiodon latiscutatus that exhibit either striped and blue tailed or inconspicuously striped and blue tailed juveniles, based on the newly determined 12 normal developmental stages of embryos from shortly after egg laying to just before hatching...
November 23, 2016: Evolution & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871836/sentinel-lymph-node-assessment-in-endometrial-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Anna Jo Bodurtha Smith, Amanda Nickles Fader, Edward J Tanner
BACKGROUND: In the staging of endometrial cancer, controversy remains regarding the role of sentinel lymph node mapping compared with other nodal assessment strategies. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and clinical impact of sentinel lymph node mapping in the management of endometrial cancer. DATA SOURCES: We searched Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled trials for studies published in English before March 25, 2016 (PROSPERO CRD42016036503)...
November 18, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870777/minocycline-induced-scleral-and-dermal-hyperpigmentation
#5
Cheryl Haskes, Michael Shea, David Imondi
PURPOSE: To present a case of minocycline-induced blue scleral pigmentation and discuss the pathophysiology and differential diagnoses. The uses, mechanisms, and other adverse effects of minocycline will also be highlighted. CASE REPORT: An elderly Caucasian male patient presented for routine ocular examination complaining of blue discoloration to the whites of his eyes. He was found to have bilateral blue scleral pigmentation and blue discoloration to various other dermal areas of his body...
November 18, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858218/bleomycin-coated-microneedles-for-treatment-of-warts
#6
Han Sol Lee, Ha Ryeong Ryu, Joo Young Roh, Jung-Hwan Park
PURPOSE: Bleomycin-coated microneedles were devised for delivery of bleomycin into the sub-epidermal skin layer for the treatment of warts in order to provide patient convenience and reduce patient pain and fear. METHOD: Poly-lactic-acid (L-PLA) microneedles were fabricated by a molding process and then the tips were partially coated using a dip-coating method based on a microstructure well. The mechanical strength of the pre-coated polymer microneedles was observed by inserting them in porcine foot and back skin...
November 17, 2016: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856077/quantitative-analysis-of-midface-fat-compartments-mass-with-ageing-and-body-mass-index-anatomical-study
#7
A Mertens, J L Foyatier, A Mojallal
INTRODUCTION: Volume restoration is not a new concept in facial rejuvenation. The deep fat compartments would appear to be more greatly subjected to age-related volumetric deflation. However, this view lacks scientific evidence. The purpose of the present study is to quantify fat mass variability in the superficial and deep compartments of the midface as a function of age and BMI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cadaveric anatomical study was performed by dissection of superficial and deep facial fat compartment of 40 body...
December 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851816/human-disturbance-during-early-life-impairs-nestling-growth-in-birds-inhabiting-a-nature-recreation-area
#8
Carolina Remacha, Juan Antonio Delgado, Mateja Bulaic, Javier Pérez-Tris
Nature recreation conflicts with conservation, but its impacts on wildlife are not fully understood. Where recreation is not regulated, visitors to natural areas may gather in large numbers on weekends and holidays. This may increase variance in fitness in wild populations, if individuals whose critical life cycle stages coincide with periods of high human disturbance are at a disadvantage. We studied nestling development of blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus) in a natural area where recreation activities intensify during weekends and other public holidays at picnic and leisure facilities, but not in the surrounding woods...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833914/brilliant-blue-dyes-in-daily-food-how-could-purinergic-system-be-affected
#9
REVIEW
Leonardo Gomes Braga Ferreira, Robson Xavier Faria, Natiele Carla da Silva Ferreira, Rômulo José Soares-Bezerra
Dyes were first obtained from the extraction of plant sources in the Neolithic period to produce dyed clothes. At the beginning of the 19th century, synthetic dyes were produced to color clothes on a large scale. Other applications for synthetic dyes include the pharmaceutical and food industries, which are important interference factors in our lives and health. Herein, we analyzed the possible implications of some dyes that are already described as antagonists of purinergic receptors, including special Brilliant Blue G and its derivative FD&C Blue No...
2016: International journal of food science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827890/in-vitro-photodynamic-effect-of-phycocyanin-against-breast-cancer-cells
#10
Subramaniyan Bharathiraja, Hansu Seo, Panchanathan Manivasagan, Madhappan Santha Moorthy, Suhyun Park, Jungwan Oh
C-phycocyanin, a natural blue-colored pigment-protein complex was explored as a novel photosensitizer for use in low-level laser therapy under 625-nm laser illumination. C-phycocyanin produced singlet oxygen radicals and the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were raised in extended time of treatment. It did not exhibit any visible toxic effect in the absence of light. Under 625-nm laser irradiation, c-phycocyanin generated cytotoxic stress through ROS induction, which killed MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells depending on concentrations...
November 3, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825216/giant-many-body-effects-in-liquid-ammonia-absorption-spectrum
#11
Vafa Ziaei, Thomas Bredow
In the present work, we accurately calculate the absorption spectrum of liquid ammonia up to 13 eV using many-body perturbation approach. The electronic bandgap of liquid NH3 is perfectly described as the combination of density functional theory, Coulomb-hole screened exchange, and G0W0 approximation to the electronic self-energy, yielding a direct gap (Γ → Γ) of 7.71 eV, fully consistent with the experimentally measured gap from photo-emission spectroscopy. With respect to the NH3 optical properties, the entire spectrum in particular the low lying first absorption band is extremely affected by electron-hole interactions, leading to a fundamental redistribution of spectral weights of the independent-particle spectrum...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819873/hydrophilic-polymer-associated-ischemic-enterocolitis
#12
Jesus A Chavez, Wei Chen, Wendy L Frankel, Christina A Arnold
Hydrophilic polymer coating of medical devices serves to lubricate the device and prevent device-related complications. The coating can be mechanically disrupted and result in downstream injury via presumed thromboembolism. This process has been reported in the brain, heart, lung, and skin, and has been replicated through animal studies and in vitro histologic processing of the polymer coating. We report the first description of hydrophilic polymer-associated ischemic enterocolitis in a series of 7 specimens (small bowel=2, colon=4, aortic thrombus=1) from 3 patients...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785940/therapeutic-effects-of-blue-honeysuckle-on-lesions-of-hyperthyroidism-in-rats
#13
Sang-In Park, Young Joon Lee, Seong Hun Choi, Soo Jin Park, Chang-Hyun Song, Sae-Kwang Ku
Hyperthyroidism is a hypermetabolic syndrome characterized by an overproduction of thyroid hormones, which enhances the hormone-induced oxidative stress responsible for some complications in the liver, heart and muscle. Blue honeysuckle (BH) is an edible berry, rich in polyphenols, especially flavonoids or anthocyanins, known as strong antioxidants. The chemo-protective activities of the berry have been connected to the improvement of symptoms in cancer, diabetes mellitus, tumor or cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, the therapeutic effects of BH were examined in hyperthyroidism rat model...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780004/effects-of-daytime-exposure-to-light-from-blue-enriched-light-emitting-diodes-on-the-nighttime-melatonin-amplitude-and-circadian-regulation-of-rodent-metabolism-and-physiology
#14
Robert T Dauchy, Melissa A Wren-Dail, Aaron E Hoffman, John P Hanifin, Benjamin Warfield, George C Brainard, Steven M Hill, Victoria P Belancio, Erin M Dauchy, David E Blask
Regular cycles of exposure to light and dark control pineal melatonin production and temporally coordinate circadian rhythms of metabolism and physiology in mammals. Previously we demonstrated that the peak circadian amplitude of nocturnal blood melatonin levels of rats were more than 6-fold higher after exposure to cool white fluorescent (CWF) light through blue-tinted (compared with clear) rodent cages. Here, we evaluated the effects of light-phase exposure of rats to white light-emitting diodes (LED), which emit light rich in the blue-appearing portion of the visible spectrum (465-485 nm), compared with standard broadspectrum CWF light, on melatonin levels during the subsequent dark phase and on plasma measures of metabolism and physiology...
2016: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768147/near-infrared-photothermal-therapy-of-prussian-blue-functionalized-lanthanide-ion-doped-inorganic-plasmonic-multifunctional-nanostructures-for-the-selective-targeting-of-her2-expressing-breast-cancer-cells
#15
Abdul K Parchur, Qifei Li, Anhong Zhou
We report the synthesis, characterization, and application of Prussian blue (PB) functionalized CaMoO4:Eu@SiO2@Au nanorod hybrid nanoparticles (HNPs), with multimodal capabilities such as fluorescence imaging, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) detection and photothermal therapy (PTT). The average size of CaMoO4:Eu@SiO2 NPs was 206 nm. The HNPs are highly dispersible in water for several weeks without settling and show a strong absorption in the near-infrared region, overlapping with the PB absorption between 600 nm and 1000 nm and the surface plasmon resonance of Au nanorods around 800 nm...
October 21, 2016: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765393/effect-of-polyvinyl-siloxane-impression-material-on-the-polymerization-of-composite-resin
#16
Liang Chen, Cornelis Johannes Kleverlaan, Kunneng Liang, Deqin Yang
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Polyvinyl siloxane impression material has been widely used as a lingual matrix for rebuilding missing tooth structure with composite resin. The composite resin is light polymerized in contact with the polyvinyl siloxane impression material. However, polyvinyl siloxane impression material has been shown to interact with other dental materials. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of polyvinyl siloxane impression materials on the polymerization of composite resins by assessing the Vickers microhardness and degree of conversion of polyvinyl siloxane...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763551/the-snake-with-the-scorpion-s-sting-novel-three-finger-toxin-sodium-channel-activators-from-the-venom-of-the-long-glanded-blue-coral-snake-calliophis-bivirgatus
#17
Daryl C Yang, Jennifer R Deuis, Daniel Dashevsky, James Dobson, Timothy N W Jackson, Andreas Brust, Bing Xie, Ivan Koludarov, Jordan Debono, Iwan Hendrikx, Wayne C Hodgson, Peter Josh, Amanda Nouwens, Gregory J Baillie, Timothy J C Bruxner, Paul F Alewood, Kelvin Kok Peng Lim, Nathaniel Frank, Irina Vetter, Bryan G Fry
Millions of years of evolution have fine-tuned the ability of venom peptides to rapidly incapacitate both prey and potential predators. Toxicofera reptiles are characterized by serous-secreting mandibular or maxillary glands with heightened levels of protein expression. These glands are the core anatomical components of the toxicoferan venom system, which exists in myriad points along an evolutionary continuum. Neofunctionalisation of toxins is facilitated by positive selection at functional hotspots on the ancestral protein and venom proteins have undergone dynamic diversification in helodermatid and varanid lizards as well as advanced snakes...
October 18, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761424/teratogenic-effects-of-silymarin-on-mouse-fetuses
#18
Mahbobe Gholami, Seyed Adel Moallem, Mohammad Afshar, Sakineh Amoueian, Leila Etemad, Gholamreza Karimi
OBJECTIVE: Silybum marianum has been used for centuries in herbal medicine for treatment of liver diseases. Currently, there is no data available on the possible effects of silymarin on fetal development. This study aimed to investigate the teratogenic effect of silymarin on BALB/c mice fetuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 pregnant mice were divided into 4 groups of 10 mice each. Three groups received silymarin at three different doses of 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg/day during gestational days (GDs)...
September 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746263/the-optical-imaging-and-clinical-features-of-tamoxifen-associated-macular-hole-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literatures
#19
Yuedong Hu, Liu Ningning, Yanyan Chen
We report a case of tamoxifen associated macular hole with typical optical imaging and clinical features. A 53-year-old woman came to our department for gradual decrees of vision acuity in both eyes for 3 months after 30 months low-dosage-tamoxifen treatment as adjuvant treatment for invasive ductal breast carcinoma. Her best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.4 in the right eye and 0.12 in the left eye. Dilated fundus examination showed macular multiple, fine, crystalline deposits and small white points in retina of both eyes...
October 13, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737609/metabolic-characterization-of-overweight-and-obese-adults
#20
Katie R Hirsch, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Malia N M Blue, Meredith G Mock, Eric T Trexler, Kristin S Ondrak
OBJECTIVES: Traditional evaluations of metabolic health may overlook underlying dysfunction in individuals who show no signs of insulin resistance or dyslipidemia. The purpose of this study was to characterize metabolic health in overweight and obese adults using traditional and non-traditional cardiometabolic variables. A secondary purpose was to evaluate differences between overweight/obese and male/female cohorts, respectively. METHODS: Forty-nine overweight and obese adults (Mean ± SD; Age=35...
October 13, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
keyword
keyword
44577
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"