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Angelica sinensis

Nating Zhang, Chen Cheng, Olajide E Olaleye, Yan Sun, Li Li, Yuhong Huang, Feifei Du, Junling Yang, Fengqing Wang, Yanhong Shi, Fang Xu, Yanfen Li, Qi Wen, Naixia Zhang, Chuan Li
XueBiJing, an injectable five-herb preparation, has been incorporated into routine sepsis care in China. Phthalides, originating from XueBiJing's component herbs Ligusticum chuanxiong rhizomes and Angelica sinensis roots, are believed to contribute to its therapeutic effects due to their presence in the preparation and antisepsis-related properties. This study aimed to identify potential therapeutic phthalides that are bioavailable to act on XueBiJing's therapeutic targets and that could serve as pharmacokinetic markers to supplement classical biomarkers for sepsis care...
March 9, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Chi-Hua Yen, Hui-Fang Chiu, Su-Yu Huang, Yan-Ying Lu, Yi-Chun Han, You-Cheng Shen, Kamesh Venkatakrishnan, Chin-Kun Wang
BACKGROUND: Burdock complex (BC) constitutes of burdock (Arctium lappa), angelica (Angelica sinensis), gromwell (Lithospermum erythrorhizon), and sesame (Sesamum indicum) oil, which are commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treating various disorders. This study intended to examine the anti-H. pylori activity of BC on AGS cell model as well as in asymptomatic H. pylori-infected subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: AGS cell incubated with H. pylori and treated with BC to evaluate the minimum inhibition concentration (MIC), cell viability (MTT) anti-adhesion activity, and inflammatory markers...
March 8, 2018: Helicobacter
Xiaowei Niu, Jingjing Zhang, Chun Ling, Ming Bai, Yu Peng, Shaobo Sun, Yingdong Li, Zheng Zhang
Objectives Angelica sinensis exerts various pharmacological effects, such as antioxidant and anti-apoptotic activity. This study aimed to investigate the active ingredients in A. sinensis with antioxidant properties and whether A. sinensis polysaccharide (ASP) protects H9c2 cells against oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Methods The ingredients of A. sinensis and their targets and related pathways were determined using web-based databases. Markers of oxidative stress, cell viability, apoptosis, and ER stress-related signalling pathways were measured in H9c2 cells treated with hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) and ASP...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Jing Yang, Xiaojun Shao, Jian Jiang, Yan Sun, Lingzhen Wang, Lirong Sun
Neuroblastoma is the most common tumor diagnosed in children and infants, with high recurrence and poor prognosis. Angelica sinensis polysaccharide (AP) whose average molecular weight is 72900 Da possesses various bioactivities. We aimed to explore the effects of AP on neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells as well as the underlying mechanisms. Effects of AP on cell viability, proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion and expressions of long noncoding RNA H19 (lncRNA-H19), microRNA (miR)-675 and CD44 were assessed...
February 21, 2018: Cell Biology International
Noriko Shinjyo, Hiroyuki Fuchino, Nobuo Kawahara, Atsuyuki Hishida
The root of Angelica acutiloba Kitagawa is an important crude drug in Kampo medicines (traditional Japanese medicine). Chemical evaluation of crude drugs is crucial to ensuring the safety and efficacy of herbal medicine; however, there is currently no chemical standard for the A. acutiloba crude drug in Japanese pharmacopoeia. (E)-ferulic acid (FA) is an important active ingredient of Angelica spp., including A. sinensis (Oliv.) Diels, and has been suggested as a marker for quality evaluation of those crude drugs...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
Amy G W Gong, Ran Duan, Huai Y Wang, Tina T X Dong, Karl W K Tsim
Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT), an ancient Chinese herbal decoction commonly used to mitigate menopausal osteoporosis, contains two herbs: Astragali Radix (AR) and Angelicae Sinensis Radix (ASR). The exact efficacy of individual chemical(s) within DBT, or in any herbal mixture, is hard to be revealed. Calycosin and ferulic acid have been reported to be the predominant chemicals found within DBT, and its roles in regulating osteoblastic differentiation have been proposed here. To probe the roles of calycosin and ferulic acid, these chemicals were specifically depleted from the DBT extracts...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Peng Cao, Jinlu Sun, Mitchell A Sullivan, Xiao Huang, Hanxiang Wang, Yu Zhang, Na Wang, Kaiping Wang
Acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatic damage is prevalent in western countries. The present study aimed to investigate the hepatoprotective effects of Angelica sinensis polysaccharide (ASP), an active constituent derived from a water extract of Angelica sinensis, in rats exposed to an APAP overdose. The mechanisms underlying the activity of this compound were also considered. Specifically, serum and hepatic biochemical parameters including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were evaluated, and key proteins involved in hepatic apoptosis, including cleaved caspase-3, Bax and Bcl-2 were quantified...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Xiaoyan Pan, Xiyan Wang, Xuenan Wang, Wansheng Zhang, Zhanxuan Sun, Xuanxuan Liang, Xue Zhang, Wenjun Li, Zhixin Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential protective effects of new Wenshen Shengjing Decoction (new WSSJD; including Cornu Cervi Nippon Parvum, Panax ginseng, Cynomorium songaricum, Cistanche deserticola, Radix Astragali, Epimedium brevicornum and Angelica sinensis) on cyclosporine-induced impairment of testosterone synthesis and spermatogenic apoptosis in mice. A total of 90 adult male Kunming mice were divided into the following 6 groups: Control (no intervention), dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO; received only DMSO), cyclosporine A (CsA), clomifene citrate (CC; CsA + CC, 15 mg/kg/day), WSSJD (CsA + WSSJD, crude drug 12 g/kg/day) and new WSSJD (CsA + new WSSJD, crude drug 12 g/kg/day)...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Rui-Jie Nie, Ying-Zi Wang, Zhen-Yang Sun, Si-Yu Wang, Jing-Zhen Zhang
Study on the standardization of Chinese materia medica is an important action for modernization and globalization for traditional Chinese medicine. Standardization on the processing of Chinese herbal pieces is an important part in the study on standardization of Chinese materia medica, so it is of great significance to establish the technical processing standards of Angelicae Sinensis Radix pieces for improving its quality. In this study, single factor experiment was designed to optimize the softening, cutting and drying processes of Angelicae Sinensis Radix...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Ya-Jing Tong, Hui-Xian Zhang, Yan-Xia Chen, Mei-Ling Dong, Kun Ma
In order to analyze Professor Ma Kun's medication in treating anovulatory infertility, her prescriptions for treating anovulatory infertility in 2012-2015 were collected. The medication features and the regularity of prescriptions were mined by using traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system, association rules, complex system entropy clustering and other mining methods. Finally, a total of 684 prescriptions and 300 kinds of herbs were screened out, with a total frequency of 11 156 times; And 68 core combinations and 8 new prescriptions were mined...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Yi-Ju Su, Sung-Ying Huang, Yu-Hui Ni, Kuan-Fu Liao, Sheng-Chun Chiu
N-Butylidenephthalide (BP), which is extracted from a traditional Chinese medicine, Radix Angelica Sinensis (danggui), displays antitumor activity against various cancer cell lines. The purpose of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic and radiosensitizing effect of BP and the underlying mechanism of action in human breast cancer cells. BP induces apoptosis in breast cancer cells, which was revealed by the TUNEL assay; the activation of caspase-9 and PARP was detected by western blot. In addition, BP-induced G2/M arrest was examined by flow cytometry and the expression levels of the G2/M regulatory protein were detected by western blot...
January 25, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jian Zou, Guo-Dong Chen, Huan Zhao, Ying Huang, Xiang Luo, Wei Xu, Rong-Rong He, Dan Hu, Xin-Sheng Yao, Hao Gao
Two pairs of enantiomeric phthalide trimers [(-)/(+) triligustilides A (1a/1b) and (-)/(+) triligustilides B (2a/2b)] with complex polycyclic skeletons simultaneously possessing bridged, fused, and spiro ring systems were isolated from Angelica sinensis, together with two pairs of new phthalide dimers. The biogenetic pathways of new phthalides were proposed, and their bioactivities were also evaluated. This is the first time optically pure polymeric phthalides have been obtained from racemates, and their absolute configurations are reported...
February 2, 2018: Organic Letters
Saikun Pan, Longfa Jiang, Shengjun Wu
Angelica sinensis polysaccharide (ASP) was prepared by hot water extraction. Then, high-performance liquid chromatography and ion chromatography analyses were conducted, and the results indicated that ASP is a heteropolysaccharide, has a molecular mass of 82,000 Da and consists of arabinose, galactose and glucose (molar ratio of 6:1:1). The effects of ASP on the nonspecific immunity of white shrimps (Litopenaeus vannamei) were investigated by feeding them with ASP-containing diets (0.5, 1 and 1.5 g/kg) during a 12-week breeding experiment...
January 3, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Chun-Jiang Dou, Wei Kou, Ying-Dong Li, Kai Liu, Hong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of Radix Angelicae Sinensis and Radix Hedysari (RAS-RH) on radiosensitivity of human liver cancer H22 cells to heavy ion ¹²C⁶⁺and its possible mechanism. METHODS: The experiment involved a comparison of proliferation of H22 cells (detected by CCK-8 assay) between four groups: control,drug (RAS-RH),radiation,and combination (RAS-RH+radiation). H22 cells were treated with different doses of radiation alone or radiation followed by RAS-RH...
November 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Meng-Wen Li, Xin-Sheng Fan, Ling-Shan Zhang, Cong-Jun Wang
The applications of prescriptions including Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Trogopterus Dung in contemporary literatures from 1949 to 2016 are compiled and the data mining techniques containing scale-free complex network method are utilized to explore its practical characteristics, with comparison between modern and ancient ones. The results indicate that malignant neoplasms, coronary heart disease which present Qi deficiency and blood stasis type are the main diseases treated by prescriptions including Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Trogopterus Dung according to the reports during 1949 to 2016...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Qi-Yan Zheng, Lu-Ying Sun, Hua-Nan Jin, Qian Zhou, Wen Zhang, Ya-Hui Wang
The incidence of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) is increasing year by year, and the clinical research on Chinese medicine treatment of INM is also growing. This study aims to evaluate the efficiency and safety of Yiqi Huoxue method for IMN. Data sources used were from PubMed, EMbase, the Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP database. Two researchers independently screened the literature and extracted data. RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta analysis, and the evidences were graded for the outcomes according to GRADE system by using GRADEprofiler 3...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Sheng-Chun Chiu, Tsung-Lang Chiu, Sung-Ying Huang, Shu-Fang Chang, Shee-Ping Chen, Cheng-Yoong Pang, Teng-Fu Hsieh
BACKGROUND: N-butylidenephthalide (BP) isolated from Radix Angelica Sinensis (Danggui) exhibits anti-tumorigenic effect in various cancer cells both in vivo and in vitro. The effect of BP in bladder cancer treatment is still unclear and worth for further investigate. METHODS: Changes of patients with bladder cancer after Angelica Sinensis exposure were evaluated by analysis of Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) database. The anti-proliferative effect of BP on human bladder cancer cells was investigated and their cell cycle profiles after BP treatment were determined by flow cytometry...
December 6, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Moon Nyeo Park, Hyo Sook Song, Myungsun Kim, Min-Jung Lee, Whisung Cho, Hyun-Jin Lee, Cho-Hyun Hwang, Soojong Kim, Yechae Hwang, Beomku Kang, Bonglee Kim
Common care for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a surgical resection followed by radiotherapy and temozolomide- (TMZ-) based chemotherapy. Unfortunately, these therapies remain inadequate involving severe mortality and recurrence. Recently, new approaches discovering combinations of multiple inhibitors have been proposed along with the identification of key driver mutations that are specific to each patient. To date, this approach is still limited by the lack of effective therapy. Hopefully, novel compounds derived from natural products are suggested as potential solutions...
2017: BioMed Research International
Yat-Tung Lo, Pang-Chui Shaw
The use of DNA barcodes for species identification is a common laboratory practice. However, PCR amplification of full-length DNA barcode in processed material is difficult because of severe DNA fragmentation. In this study, an adaptor ligation-mediated PCR protocol was derived to amplify sets of target DNA fragments isolated from two CCMG products. The specially designed adaptor with asymmetric strands and terminal modification avoids amplification of non-target DNA sequences. DNA extracted from Angelica sinensis and Panax notoginseng CCMG were ligated with the adaptors and amplified by an adaptor primer and a single universal barcode primer to obtain partial ITS2 sequence...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Kaiping Wang, Jun Wu, Fang Cheng, Xiao Huang, Fang Zeng, Yu Zhang
Anemia of chronic disease (ACD) is the second most prevalent anemia and frequently occurs in patients with acute or chronic immune activation. In the current study, we evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of Angelica sinensis polysaccharide (ASP) against ACD in rats and the potential mechanisms involved. The results showed that ASP inhibited inflammatory hepcidin in both HepG2 cells and ACD rats by blocking the IL-6/STAT3 and BMP/SMAD pathways. In ACD rats, the administration of ASP increased ferroportin expression, mobilized iron from the liver and spleen, increased serum iron levels, caused an elevation of serum EPO, and effectively relieved the anemia...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
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