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health professionals follow-up study

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898175/interventions-for-promoting-participation-in-shared-decision-making-for-children-with-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Imelda Coyne, Dónal P O'Mathúna, Faith Gibson, Linda Shields, Edith Leclercq, Greg Sheaf
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the Cochrane systematic review of shared decision-making (SMD) making published in 2013. Children's rights to have their views heard in matters that affect their lives are now well established since the publication of the UN Convention treaty (1989). Children with cancer generally prefer to be involved in decision-making and consider it important that they have the opportunity to take part in decision-making concerning their health care, even in end-of-life decisions...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896407/mixed-methods-assessment-of-trauma-and-acute-care-surgical-quality-improvement-programs-in-peru
#2
Lacey N LaGrone, Amy K Fuhs, Eduardo Huaman Egoavil, Manuel J A Rodriguez Castro, Roberto Valderrama, Leah N Isquith-Dicker, Jaime Herrera-Matta, Charles N Mock
BACKGROUND: Evidence for the positive impact of quality improvement (QI) programs on morbidity, mortality, patient satisfaction, and cost is strong. Data regarding the status of QI programs in low- and middle-income countries, as well as in-depth examination of barriers and facilitators to their implementation, are limited. METHODS: This cross-sectional, descriptive study employed a mixed-methods design, including distribution of an anonymous quantitative survey and individual interviews with healthcare providers who participate in the care of the injured at ten large hospitals in Lima, Peru...
November 28, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886869/frailty-and-the-prediction-of-negative-health-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Sofie Vermeiren, Roberta Vella-Azzopardi, David Beckwée, Ann-Katrin Habbig, Aldo Scafoglieri, Bart Jansen, Ivan Bautmans
INTRODUCTION: Frailty is one of the most important concerns regarding our aging population. Evidence grows that the syndrome is linked to several important health outcomes. A general overview of frailty concepts and a comprehensive meta-analysis of their relation with negative health outcomes still lacks in literature, making it difficult for health care professionals and researchers to recognize frailty and the related health risks on the one hand and on the other hand to appropriately follow up the frailty process and take substantiated action...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884868/combined-associations-of-body-weight-and-lifestyle-factors-with-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-men-and-women-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Nicola Veronese, Yanping Li, JoAnn E Manson, Walter C Willett, Luigi Fontana, Frank B Hu
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate the combined associations of diet, physical activity, moderate alcohol consumption, and smoking with body weight on risk of all cause and cause specific mortality. DESIGN:  Longitudinal study with up to 32 years of follow-up. SETTING:  Nurses' Health Study (1980-2012) and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2012). PARTICIPANTS:  74 582 women from the Nurses' Health Study and 39 284 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study who were free from cardiovascular disease and cancer at baseline...
November 24, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884813/development-and-feasibility-testing-of-prompt-care-an-ehealth-system-for-collection-and-use-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-for-personalized-treatment-and-care-a-study-protocol
#5
Afaf Girgis, Geoff P Delaney, Anthony Arnold, Alexis Andrew Miller, Janelle V Levesque, Nasreen Kaadan, Martin G Carolan, Nicole Cook, Kenneth Masters, Thomas T Tran, Tiffany Sandell, Ivana Durcinoska, Martha Gerges, Sandra Avery, Weng Ng, Stephen Della-Fiorentina, Haryana M Dhillon, Ashley Maher
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures have been used widely to screen for depression, anxiety, and symptoms in cancer patients. Computer-based applications that collect patients' responses and transfer them to the treating health professional in real time have the potential to improve patient well-being and cancer outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study will test the feasibility and acceptability of a newly developed eHealth system which facilitates PRO data capture from cancer patients, data linkage and retrieval to support clinical decisions and patient self-management, and data retrieval to support ongoing evaluation and innovative research...
November 24, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882453/-implementation-of-a%C3%A2-proactive-integrated-primary-care-program-for-frail-older-people-from-science-to-evidence-based-practice
#6
Nienke Bleijenberg, Artine de Jonge, Morris P Brand, Caitriona O'Flynn, Marieke J Schuurmans, Niek J de Wit
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity, functional impairment and frailty among community-dwelling older people are causing increasing complexity in primary care. A proactive integrated primary care approach is therefore essential. Between October 2014-2015, an evidence-based proactive care program for frail older people was implemented in the region Noord-West Veluwe en Zeewolde, the Netherlands. This study evaluated the feasibility of the implementation, having a strong focus on the collaboration between the medical and social domain...
December 2016: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881409/intake-of-individual-saturated-fatty-acids-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-in-us-men-and-women-two-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-studies
#7
Geng Zong, Yanping Li, Anne J Wanders, Marjan Alssema, Peter L Zock, Walter C Willett, Frank B Hu, Qi Sun
OBJECTIVES:  To investigate the association between long term intake of individual saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and the risk of coronary heart disease, in two large cohort studies. DESIGN:  Prospective, longitudinal cohort study. SETTING:  Health professionals in the United States. PARTICIPANTS:  73 147 women in the Nurses' Health Study (1984-2012) and 42 635 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2010), who were free of major chronic diseases at baseline...
November 23, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876529/comparison-of-community-and-hospital-pharmacists-attitudes-and-behaviors-on-medication-error-disclosure-to-the-patient-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#8
ChungYun Kim, Jennifer L Mazan, Ana C Quiñones-Boex
OBJECTIVES: To determine pharmacists' attitudes and behaviors on medication errors and their disclosure and to compare community and hospital pharmacists on such views. METHODS: An online questionnaire was developed from previous studies on physicians' disclosure of errors. Questionnaire items included demographics, environment, personal experiences, and attitudes on medication errors and the disclosure process. An invitation to participate along with the link to the questionnaire was electronically distributed to members of two Illinois pharmacy associations...
November 19, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875781/long-term-pediatrician-outcomes-of-a-parent-led-curriculum-in-developmental-disabilities
#9
Bruce L Keisling, Elizabeth A Bishop, David A Kube, Jenness M Roth, Frederick B Palmer
: Previous research has demonstrated high satisfaction and perceived relevance of Project DOCC (Delivery of Chronic Care), a parent led curriculum in developmental disabilities, across a sample of medical residents. AIMS: The influence of such a training program on the clinical practices and professional activities of these residents once they are established in their careers as physicians, however, has not been studied; this was the aim of the present study. METHODS: An anonymous follow-up survey was designed and disseminated to physicians who participated in Project DOCC during their one-month developmental disabilities rotation as part of their pediatrics or medicine/pediatric residency between 2002 and 2010...
November 19, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867204/a-brief-intervention-for-weight-control-based-on-habit-formation-theory-delivered-through-primary-care-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
R J Beeken, B Leurent, V Vickerstaff, R Wilson, H Croker, S Morris, R Z Omar, I Nazareth, J Wardle
BACKGROUND: Primary care is the 'first port of call' for weight control advice, creating a need for simple, effective interventions that can be delivered without specialist skills. Ten Top Tips (10TT) is a leaflet based on habit-formation theory that could fill this gap. The aim of the current study was to test the hypothesis that 10TT can achieve significantly greater weight loss over three months than 'usual care'. METHODS: A two-arm, individually-randomised, controlled trial in primary care...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866600/maintaining-a-healthy-bmi-data-from-a-16-year-study-of-young-australian-women
#11
Wendy J Brown, Enamul Kabir, Bronwyn K Clark, Sjaan R Gomersall
INTRODUCTION: The aims of this prospective cohort study were to examine 16-year trajectories of weight and BMI in young adult women who had a healthy BMI in 1996 and determinants of remaining in the healthy BMI category. METHODS: A total of 4,881 women with healthy BMI at baseline and either healthy, overweight, or obese BMI at 16-year follow-up reported their weight, height, health, and health behaviors in six surveys of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health between 1996 (aged 18-23 years) and 2012 (aged 34-39 years)...
December 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864102/a-health-sciences-student-run-smoking-cessation-clinic-experience-within-a-homeless-population
#12
Kelsey Buckley, Laura Tsu, Sabrina Hormann, Kevin Giang, April Bills, Nicole Early, Rebekah Jackowski
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective is to describe a professional and graduate student-run approach to smoking cessation education combined with motivational interviewing and pharmacotherapy in regard to the frequency of follow-up with a smoking cessation quitline program in the homeless population. The secondary objective is to assess participants' self-reported level of confidence, knowledge, and willingness to quit before and after participation in the student-run smoking cessation clinic...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864012/toolbox-of-multiple-item-measures-aligning-with-the-icf-core-sets-for-children-and-youth-with-cerebral-palsy
#13
REVIEW
Verónica Schiariti, Sandy Tatla, Karen Sauve, Maureen O'Donnell
Selecting appropriate measure(s) for clinical and/or research applications for children and youth with Cerebral Palsy (CP) poses many challenges. The newly developed International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Sets for children and youth with CP serve as universal guidelines for assessment, intervention and follow-up. The aims of this study were: 1) to identify valid and reliable measures used in studies with children and youth with CP, 2) to characterize the content of each measure using the ICF Core Sets for children and youth with CP as a framework, and finally 3) to create a toolbox of psychometrically sound measures covering the content of each ICF Core Set for children and youth with CP...
November 4, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861844/periodontal-disease-and-risk-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-in-the-health-professionals-follow-up-study
#14
Kimberly A Bertrand, Janki Shingala, Andrew Evens, Brenda M Birmann, Edward Giovannucci, Dominique S Michaud
Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory condition that has been associated with chronic diseases, including cancer. In an earlier prospective cohort analysis within the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (HPFS), we observed a 31% higher risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) among participants with severe periodontal disease at baseline. Here, we extend the study with an additional 8 years of follow-up, and conduct analyses with updated periodontal disease status and NHL subtypes. The HPFS is an ongoing prospective cohort study of 51,529 men in the U...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859951/the-effectiveness-of-therapeutic-conversation-intervention-for-caregivers-of-adolescents-with-adhd-a-quasi-experimental-design
#15
M Gisladottir, E K Svavarsdottir
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Caregivers of adolescents with ADHD experience major difficulties as care providers and are in need of guidance and support. Adolescents with ADHD may develop oppositional and criminal behaviour. More than 50 % have the symptoms in adulthood, and up to one-fourth with severe emotional or antisocial difficulties. There is a lack of evidence of caregivers' supporting intervention although caregiver groups have been found to contribute to better coping, decreased stress and improvements in ADHD symptoms...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858141/diet-dependent-acid-load-and-type-2-diabetes-pooled-results-from-three-prospective-cohort-studies
#16
Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Yanping Li, Mu Chen, Gary C Curhan, Josiemer Mattei, Vasanti S Malik, John P Forman, Oscar H Franco, Frank B Hu
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Studies suggest a potential link between low-grade metabolic acidosis and type 2 diabetes. A western dietary pattern increases daily acid load but the association between diet-dependent acid load and type 2 diabetes is still unclear. This study aimed to assess whether diet-dependent acid load is associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We examined the association between energy-adjusted net endogenous acid production (NEAP), potential renal acid load (PRAL) and animal protein-to-potassium ratio (A:P) on incident type 2 diabetes in 67,433 women from the Nurses' Health Study, 84,310 women from the Nurses' Health Study II and 35,743 men from the Health Professionals' Follow-up Study who were free from type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer at baseline...
November 17, 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855297/evaluation-of-a-nurse-led-dementia-education-and-knowledge-translation-programme-in-primary-care-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Yao Wang, Lily Dongxia Xiao, Shahid Ullah, Guo-Ping He, Anita De Bellis
BACKGROUND: The lack of dementia education programmes for health professionals in primary care is one of the major factors contributing to the unmet demand for dementia care services. AIMS: To determine the effectiveness of a nurse-led dementia education and knowledge translation programme for health professionals in primary care; participants' satisfaction with the programme; and to understand participants' perceptions of and experiences in the programme. DESIGN: A cluster randomized controlled trial was used as the main methodology to evaluate health professionals' knowledge, attitudes and care approach...
November 11, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846242/understanding-health-workers-job-preferences-to-improve-rural-retention-in-timor-leste-findings-from-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#18
Marc-Francois Smitz, Sophie Witter, Christophe Lemiere, Patrick Hoang-Vu Eozenou, Tomas Lievens, Rashid U Zaman, Kay Engelhardt, Xiaohui Hou
BACKGROUND: Timor-Leste built its health workforce up from extremely low levels after its war of independence, with the assistance of Cuban training, but faces challenges as the first cohorts of doctors will shortly be freed from their contracts with government. Retaining doctors, nurses and midwives in remote areas requires a good understanding of health worker preferences. METHODS: The article reports on a discrete choice experiment (DCE) carried out amongst 441 health workers, including 173 doctors, 150 nurses and 118 midwives...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846199/height-height-related-snps-and-risk-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancer
#19
Xin Li, Liming Liang, Yen-Chen Anne Feng, Immaculata De Vivo, Edward Giovannucci, Jean Y Tang, Jiali Han
BACKGROUND: Adult height has been associated with risk of several site-specific cancers, including melanoma. However, less attention has been given to non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). METHODS: We prospectively examined the risk of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) in relation to adult height in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS, n=117 863) and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS, n=51 111). We also investigated the relationships between height-related genetic markers and risk of BCC and SCC in the genetic data sets of the NHS and HPFS (3898 BCC cases, and 8530 BCC controls; 527 SCC cases, and 8962 SCC controls)...
November 15, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830962/development-and-validation-of-a-prediction-model-for-long-term-sickness-absence-based-on-occupational-health-survey-variables
#20
Corné Roelen, Sannie Thorsen, Martijn Heymans, Jos Twisk, Ute Bültmann, Jakob Bjørner
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to develop and validate a prediction model for identifying employees at increased risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA), by using variables commonly measured in occupational health surveys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on the literature, 15 predictor variables were retrieved from the DAnish National working Environment Survey (DANES) and included in a model predicting incident LTSA (≥4 consecutive weeks) during 1-year follow-up in a sample of 4000 DANES participants...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
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