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health professionals follow-up study

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474971/pre-diagnosis-use-of-statins-associates-with-increased-survival-times-of-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer
#1
Tsuyoshi Hamada, Natalia Khalaf, Chen Yuan, Vicente Morales-Oyarvide, Ana Babic, Jonathan A Nowak, Zhi Rong Qian, Kimmie Ng, Douglas A Rubinson, Peter Kraft, Edward L Giovannucci, Meir J Stampfer, Charles S Fuchs, Shuji Ogino, Brian M Wolpin
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Statin medications, most commonly prescribed to reduce lipid levels and prevent cardiovascular disease, may be associated with longer survival times of patients with cancer. However, the association of statins with outcomes of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma is not clear. METHODS: We analyzed the association of statin use before a diagnosis of pancreatic cancer with survival times of 648 participants in the Nurses' Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study who were diagnosed with pancreatic adenocarcinoma from 2000 through 2013...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473398/-introduction-we-aimed-to-describe-and-analyse-the-factors-and-conditions-influencing-ephr-adoption-by-primary-healthcare-professionals-for-the-follow-up-and-management-of-chronic-diseases-as-perceived-by-healthcare-professionals-and-health-organization-managers
#2
El Kebir Ghandour, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Jean-Paul Fortin
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to describe and analyse the factors and conditions influencing ePHR adoption by primary healthcare professionals for the follow-up and management of chronic diseases, as perceived by healthcare professionals and health organization managers. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in the context of an ePHR experimentation project in Quebec. In-depth semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with 11 professionals and three managers directly involved in ePHR implementation in a primary healthcare organization...
January 30, 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473254/can-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-help-explain-attendance-to-follow-up-care-of-childhood-cancer-survivors
#3
Julia Baenziger, Katharina Roser, Luzius Mader, Salome Christen, Claudia E Kuehni, Fabienne Gumy-Pause, Eva Maria Tinner, Gisela Michel
OBJECTIVE: Childhood cancer survivors are at high risk for late effects. Regular attendance to long-term follow-up care is recommended and helps monitoring survivors' health. Using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) we aimed to 1) investigate the predictors of the intention to attend follow-up care, and 2) examine the associations between perceived control and behavioral intention with actual follow-up care attendance in Swiss childhood cancer survivors. METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire survey in Swiss childhood cancer survivors (diagnosed with cancer aged <16 years between 1990 and 2005; ≥5 years since diagnosis)...
February 22, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469633/outpatient-addiction-treatment-for-problematic-alcohol-use-what-makes-patients-who-dropped-out-different-from-those-who-did-not
#4
Vincent Wagner, Didier Acier, Jean-Eric Dietlin
BACKGROUND: A minority of individuals with problematic alcohol use effectively seek help. Moreover, dropouts from care are not uncommon. It remains a major concern for health professionals, as adherence to treatment is significantly associated with better physical and psychological outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this research was to assess what factors could distinguish patients with problematic alcohol use who dropped out from those who did not. METHODS: The sample included 150 patients followed-up in an outpatient treatment center in France for a problematic alcohol use...
February 22, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468568/cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-a-case-study
#5
Marieke van de Wal, Petra Servaes, Rebecca Berry, Belinda Thewes, Judith Prins
This case study describes the course and content of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for clinical fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) in a breast cancer survivor. The CBT for clinical FCR consisted of seven face-to-face therapy sessions and one telephone session. The primary treatment goal was to reduce FCR severity by modifying cognitive processes and dysfunctional behavior. Assessments of FCR and quality of life were completed by the breast cancer survivor pre-therapy, post-therapy, and at 6 and 12 months of post-therapy...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465149/can-a-program-of-food-and-diabetes-education-improve-the-quality-of-the-lives-of-diabetic-patients-with-a-previous-myocardial-infarction
#6
A Tantucci, C Ripani, C Giannini, M Fregonese, M De Angelis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: People with diabetes and cardiovascular complications need to be educated about the self-management of the disease at the time of diagnosis and during the follow-up to best benefit from what they learn. Education is most effective when offered to small groups of patients led by a professional team. The aim of the study is the evaluation of diabetes and food education aimed at improving the self-awareness of the disease, the management and the quality of the lives of diabetic patients with a previous myocardial infarction...
March 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463231/prevalence-and-correlates-of-non-adherence-to-immunosuppressants-and-to-health-behaviours-in-patients-after-kidney-transplantation-in-brazil-the-adhere-brazil-multicentre-study-a-cross-sectional-study-protocol
#7
Helady Sanders-Pinheiro, Fernando Antonio Basile Colugnati, Elisa Oliveira Marsicano, Sabina De Geest, José Osmar Pestana Medina
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence to immunosuppressive therapy is a prevalent risk factor for poor clinical and after kidney transplantation (KT), and has contributed to the lack of improvement in long-term graft survival over the past decade. Understanding the multilevel correlates and risk factors of non-adherence is crucial to determine the optimal level for planning interventions, namely at the patient, health care provider, KT centre, and health care system level. Brazil, having the largest public transplantation program in the world and with regional differences regarding access to health services and service implementation, is in a unique position to study this multilevel approach...
February 20, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462263/regular-yogurt-intake-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-among-hypertensive-adults
#8
Justin R Buendia, Yanping Li, Frank B Hu, Howard J Cabral, M Loring Bradlee, Paula A Quatromoni, Martha R Singer, Gary C Curhan, Lynn L Moore
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure (HBP) is a major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. Clinical trials including Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) have demonstrated beneficial effects of dairy consumption on risks of HBP and CVD. Yogurt, a fermented dairy product, may independently be related to CVD risk. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between yogurt consumption and CVD risk among hypertensive individuals in 2 large cohorts and to determine whether the association differs among those whose eating pattern more closely resembles the DASH diet...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458956/incidence-and-economic-impact-of-incidental-findings-on-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-imaging
#9
Scott J Adams, Rajan Rakheja, Rhonda Bryce, Paul S Babyn
PURPOSE: The study sought to determine the incidence of incidental findings on whole-body positron emission tomography with computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging and the average costs of investigations to follow-up or further characterize incidental findings. METHODS: Imaging reports of 215 patients who underwent whole-body PET/CT imaging were retrospectively reviewed. Our provincial picture archiving and communication system was queried and patient charts were reviewed to identify all investigations performed to follow-up incidental findings within 1 year of the initial PET/CT study...
February 2018: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454194/diagnostic-and-treatment-services-for-patients-with-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-pnes-a-survey-of-health-professionals-in-urban-china
#10
Xin Tong, Dongmei An, Markus Reuber, Qin Zhang, Dong Zhou
PURPOSE: This study is intended to provide an overview of diagnostic and treatment services for patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) across China. METHODS: Using a questionnaire devised by the PNES Task Force of Neuropsychiatry Commission of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), we conducted a survey among Chinese health professionals at the Sixth Advanced International Course: Clinical Epileptology. Descriptive analyses were performed...
January 31, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449424/sex-differences-in-the-associations-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-with-epidemiologic-factors
#11
Tianyi Huang, Brian M Lin, Sarah C Markt, Meir J Stampfer, Francine Laden, Frank B Hu, Shelley S Tworoger, Susan Redline
Despite well-known male predominance in the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), sex differences in the associations between OSA and a comprehensive range of epidemiologic factors remain less clear.We examined the prevalence of self-reported OSA in 143 326 women (age: 48-93) from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII and 22 896 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (age: 65-101) in 2012-2013. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate the sex-specific prevalence odds ratios (pOR) and 95% CIs of OSA by demographic, anthropometric, lifestyle and co-morbidity factors...
February 15, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446474/between-hope-and-hopelessness-copd-patients-and-their-family-members-experiences-of-interacting-with-healthcare-providers-a-qualitative-longitudinal-study
#12
Ingrid Charlotte Andersen, Thora Grothe Thomsen, Poul Bruun, Uffe Bødtger, Lise Hounsgaard
BACKGROUND: Patient-family-healthcare provider interaction seems important for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and their family members' self-management practices. Because the need for support might be enhanced after a hospitalisation, it might be beneficial to explore this interaction further in follow-up health care. AIM: To explore the meaning of patients' and their family members' experiences of interacting with healthcare providers to their daily self-management over time...
February 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423358/using-the-precede-proceed-model-for-an-online-peer-to-peer-suicide-prevention-and-awareness-for-depression-spad-intervention-among-african-american-college-students-experimental-study
#13
Ledetra Shanta Bridges, Manoj Sharma, Jung Hye Sung Lee, Russell Bennett, Sarah G Buxbaum, Jacqueline Reese-Smith
Background: Suicide rates are high among African American students because they are at a greater risk of depression. A commonly used suicide prevention approach is the gatekeeper training. However, gatekeeper training is neither evidence-based nor has it been identified as culturally-appropriate for African American college students. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate an online peer-to-peer PRECEDE-PROCEED model based depression awareness and suicide prevention program that was culturally appropriate for African American college students...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423219/the-effect-of-protein-supplementation-on-body-muscle-mass-and-fat-mass-in-post-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct-study-protocol
#14
Sahar D Al-Shamari, Mohamed Aly ElSherif, Wahiba Hamid, Fahad Hanna
Background: Severe weight loss through means of bariatric surgery has been associated with loss of muscle mass due to lack of absorption of protein. The aim of this RCT is to investigate the effectiveness of protein supplementation in reducing the risk of developing protein malnutrition and muscle wasting in post-bariatric surgery patients in Qatar. Methods and analysis: The study was based at the Department of bariatric and metabolic surgery, Doha metropolitan and regional areas...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419308/changes-in-psychiatric-symptoms-and-psychological-processes-among-veterans-participating-in-a-therapeutic-adventure-program
#15
Joanna E Bettmann, David E Scheinfeld, Kort C Prince, Eric L Garland, Katherine V Ovrom
When veterans need effective mental health treatment, many are reluctant to engage in traditional treatment modalities because of stigma. Therapeutic adventure shows promise as a way to engage veterans and enact positive changes in functioning, but little is known about how therapeutic adventure impacts mental health symptoms among veterans. This study examined changes in mental health symptoms and related psychological processes over the course of a 6-day Outward Bound for Veterans (OB4V) program and at a 1-month follow-up...
February 8, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416815/increased-risk-of-malignancy-in-patients-with-an-aortic-aneurysm-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-study
#16
Jen-Chun Wang, Wu-Chien Chien, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Wen-I Liao, Chang-Huei Tsao, Yung-Fu Wu, Shih-Hung Tsai
Background: Cardiovascular disease and malignancy have numerous similarities and possible interactions, as these diseases share several risk factors, epidemiological features and biological signaling pathways. Data regarding the risk of malignancy in patients with aortic aneurysm (AA) are scarce. We aimed to determine whether patients with AA have an increased risk of malignancy. Materials and Methods: The data for the nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study described herein were obtained from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD)...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415229/military-personnel-who-seek-health-and-mental-health-services-outside-the-military
#17
Howard Waitzkin, Mario Cruz, Bryant Shuey, Daniel Smithers, Laura Muncy, Marylou Noble
Background: Although research conducted within the military has assessed the health and mental health problems of military personnel, little information exists about personnel who seek care outside the military. The purpose of this study is to clarify the personal characteristics, mental health diagnoses, and experiences of active duty U.S. military personnel who sought civilian sector services due to unmet needs for care. Materials and Methods: This prospective, multi-method study included 233 clients, based in the United States, Afghanistan, South Korea, and Germany, who obtained care between 2013 and 2016 from a nationwide network of volunteer civilian practitioners...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402234/randomised-controlled-trial-protocol-grip-study-examining-the-effect-of-involvement-of-a-general-practitioner-and-home-care-oncology-nurse-after-a-cancer-diagnosis-on-patient-reported-outcomes-and-healthcare-utilization
#18
I A A Perfors, C W Helsper, E A Noteboom, E van der Wall, N J de Wit, A M May
BACKGROUND: Due to the ageing population and improving diagnostics and treatments, the number of cancer patients and cancer survivors is increasing. Policymakers, patients and professionals advocate a transfer of (part of) cancer care from the hospital environment to the primary care setting, as this could stimulate personalized and integrated care, increase cost-effectiveness and would better meet the patients' needs and expectations. The effects of structured active follow-up from primary care after cancer diagnosis have not been studied yet...
February 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398568/association-between-diet-quality-scores-and-risk-of-hip-fracture-in-postmenopausal-women-and-men-aged-50-years-and-older
#19
Teresa T Fung, Haakon E Meyer, Walter C Willett, Diane Feskanich
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies showed a lower risk of hip fractures with high-quality diets, few of them were conducted in the United States. OBJECTIVE: This prospective analysis examined the association between several diet quality indexes and risk of hip fractures in US men and women. DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: The participants were 74,446 postmenopausal women from the Nurses' Health Study and 36,602 men aged 50 years and older from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study in the United States...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391176/intake-of-trace-metals-and-the-risk-of-incident-kidney-stones
#20
Pietro Manuel Ferraro, Giovanni Gambaro, Gary C Curhan, Eric N Taylor
PURPOSE: The association between intakes of trace metals and risk of incident stones has not been longitudinally investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis of 193,551 participants of the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS), Nurses' Health Study (NHS) I and II. During a follow-up of 3,316,580 person-years, there were 6,576 incident stones. We used multivariate regression models to identify associations between intakes of zinc, iron, copper and manganese and risk of stones...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Urology
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