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health professionals follow-up study

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035966/effectiveness-of-rifampicin-chemoprophylaxis-in-preventing-leprosy-in-patient-contacts-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-evidence
#1
Silvana Margarida Benevides Ferreira, Tatiana Yonekura, Eliane Ignotti, Larissa Bertacchini de Oliveira, Juliana Takahashi, Cassia Baldini Soares
BACKGROUND: Individuals in contact with patients who have leprosy have an increased risk of disease exposure, which reinforces the need for chemoprophylactic measures, such as the use of rifampicin. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the review was to synthesize the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of rifampicin chemoprophylaxis for contacts with patients with leprosy, and to synthesize the best available evidence on the experience and acceptability of rifampicin chemoprophylaxis as reported by the contacts and health professionals involved in the treatment of leprosy or Hansen's disease...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029690/identifying-and-eliminating-inefficiencies-in-information-system-usage-a-lean-perspective
#2
Vincent Blijleven, Kitty Koelemeijer, Monique Jaspers
OBJECTIVES: Mismatches frequently occur between information system (IS) dictated workflows and actual workflows of IS users. The resulting impeded workflows negatively influence the efficiency with which goods or services are produced and delivered to customers. Within a healthcare context, impeded workflows can additionally have a negative impact on the safety and effectiveness of care delivered to patients. METHODS: This study evaluates the impact of an electronic health record system of a large university hospital on workflows of healthcare professionals from a lean management waste perspective...
November 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022138/associated-and-mediating-variables-related-to-quality-of-life-among-service-users-with-mental-disorders
#3
Marie-Josée Fleury, Guy Grenier, Jean-Marie Bamvita
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify variables associated with quality of life (QoL) and mediating variables among 338 service users with mental disorders in Quebec (Canada). Data were collected using nine standardized questionnaires and participant medical records. METHODS: Quality of life was assessed with the Satisfaction with Life Domains Scale. Independent variables were organized into a six-block conceptual framework. Using structural equation modeling, associated and mediating variables related to QoL were identified...
October 11, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020139/coffee-intake-and-incidence-of-erectile-dysfunction
#4
David S Lopez, Lydia Liu, Eric B Rimm, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Marcia de Oliveira Otto, Run Wang, Steven Canfield, Edward Giovannucci
Coffee intake is suggested to have a positive role against chronic diseases. Yet, the role of coffee in urological diseases such as erectile dysfunction (ED) remains unclear. Thus, we investigated the association of coffee intake with incidence of ED.A prospective analysis of 21,403 men aged 40-75 years old was conducted using the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study. Total coffee, regular and decaffeinated coffee intakes were self-reported on food-frequency questionnaires. ED was assessed by means of questionnaires in 2000, 2004 and 2008...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018075/prospective-investigation-of-pesticide-applicators-health-pipah-study-a-cohort-study-of-professional-pesticide-users-in-great-britain
#5
Anne-Helen Harding, David Fox, Yiqun Chen, Neil Pearce, David Fishwick, Gillian Frost
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to monitor the exposure and health of workers in Great Britain who use pesticides as a part of their job, and to gain a better understanding of the relationship between long-term exposure to pesticides and health. PARTICIPANTS: Study participants are professional pesticide users who are certified in the safe use of pesticides or who were born before 1965 and apply pesticides under 'grandfather rights'. Overall response rate was 20%; participants are mostly male (98%) and the average age is 54 years, ranging from 17 to over 80 years...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988211/menopausal-age-postmenopausal-hormone-therapy-and-incident-atrial-fibrillation
#6
Jorge A Wong, Kathryn M Rexrode, Roopinder K Sandhu, M Vinayaga Moorthy, David Conen, Christine M Albert
OBJECTIVE: Limited data exist on the association between menopause and atrial fibrillation (AF). We sought to examine the relationship between menopausal age, postmenopausal hormone therapy (PHT) use and incident AF. METHODS: The Women's Health Study (WHS) enrolled 39 876 female health professionals between 1992 and 1995. We prospectively examined 30 034 women in WHS using Cox proportional-hazard models. Participants were free of cardiovascular disease and AF at baseline and had not undergone hysterectomy without bilateral oophorectomy prior to menopause...
October 7, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984617/differences-in-parkinson-s-disease-risk-with-caffeine-intake-and-postmenopausal-hormone-use
#7
Iris Y Kim, Éilis J O'Reilly, Katherine C Hughes, Xiang Gao, Michael A Schwarzschild, Alberto Ascherio
BACKGROUND: Caffeine intake has been associated with a lower risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). This association is robust in men, but inconsistent in women due to a possible interaction with post-menopausal hormone (PMH) use. OBJECTIVE: To (1) evaluate the association between caffeine intake and PD risk and (2) assess potential effect modification of the association by PMH use among women. METHODS: We examined associations between caffeine intake and incident PD risk in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) (N = 121,701 women) and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS) (N = 51,529 men)...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984584/perception-and-reality-of-cognitive-function-information-processing-speed-perceived-memory-function-and-perceived-task-difficulty-in-older-adults
#8
Anna Torrens-Burton, Nasreen Basoudan, Antony J Bayer, Andrea Tales
This study examines the relationships between two measures of information processing speed associated with executive function (Trail Making Test and a computer-based visual search test), the perceived difficulty of the tasks, and perceived memory function (measured by the Memory Functioning Questionnaire) in older adults (aged 50+ y) with normal general health, cognition (Montreal Cognitive Assessment score of 26+), and mood. The participants were recruited from the community rather than through clinical services, and none had ever sought or received help from a health professional for a memory complaint or mental health problem...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979171/the-health-and-life-path-of-rare-disease-patients-results-of-the-2015-french-barometer
#9
Thomas Heuyer, Sonia Pavan, Christine Vicard
PURPOSE: A barometer has been set up to provide better knowledge about the daily situation of French rare disease (RD) patients, their families and relatives, in order to contribute to the elaboration of improvement measures. This report focuses on the care and life path of RD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A preliminary survey was carried out with three patients, five parents and three RD experts to identify the main hurdles and disruptions in the life path of RD patients...
2017: Patient related Outcome Measures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978672/magnesium-intake-quality-of-carbohydrates-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-results-from-three-u-s-cohorts
#10
Adela Hruby, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, JoAnn E Manson, Walter C Willett, Nicola M McKeown, Frank B Hu
OBJECTIVE: Magnesium intake is inversely associated with risk of type 2 diabetes in many observational studies, but few have assessed this association in the context of the carbohydrate quality of the diet. We hypothesized that higher magnesium intake is associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes, especially in the context of a poor-carbohydrate-quality diet characterized by low cereal fiber or high glycemic index (GI) or glycemic load (GL). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In the Nurses' Health Study (NHS; 1984-2012, n = 69,176), NHS2 (1991-2013, n = 91,471), and the Health Professionals' Follow-Up Study (1986-2012, n = 42,096), dietary intake was assessed from food frequency questionnaires every 4 years...
October 4, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977687/professional-structural-and-organisational-interventions-in-primary-care-for-reducing-medication-errors
#11
REVIEW
Hanan Khalil, Brian Bell, Helen Chambers, Aziz Sheikh, Anthony J Avery
BACKGROUND: Medication-related adverse events in primary care represent an important cause of hospital admissions and mortality. Adverse events could result from people experiencing adverse drug reactions (not usually preventable) or could be due to medication errors (usually preventable). OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of professional, organisational and structural interventions compared to standard care to reduce preventable medication errors by primary healthcare professionals that lead to hospital admissions, emergency department visits, and mortality in adults...
October 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977220/difficulties-in-nutritional-counseling-and-child-growth-follow-up-from-a-professional-perspective
#12
Claudia Nery Teixeira Palombo, Elizabeth Fujimori, Áurea Tamami Minagawa Toriyama, Luciane Simões Duarte, Ana Luiza Vilela Borges
Introduction: Nutritional counseling and growth follow-up are priorities when providing care to children; however, these have not been completely incorporated into primary health care. Objective: To know the difficulties for providing nutritional counseling and child growth follow-up, from a professional healthcare perspective. Method: Qualitative study, using Donabedian as theoretical framework, developed by 53 professionals in the field of primary health care...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972238/integrated-care-program-for-older-adults-analysis-and-improvement
#13
A Sánchez, E Villalba-Mora, I S Peinado, L Rodriguez-Maña
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to in-depth analyse the Integrated Care Programme for older in- and out-patients implemented for more than 25 years at the Hospital Universitario de Getafe, in Madrid, Spain. We identify the strengths and barriers hindering the full operation, and we proposed a technological solution that overcame these constraints and facilitated integration. DESIGN: First, we carried out a comprehensive analysis of the integrated care program at the HUG following Case Study Research; the primary unit of analysis was the Geriatrics service and its clinical units...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970188/ehealth-system-for-collecting-and-utilizing-patient-reported-outcome-measures-for-personalized-treatment-and-care-prompt-care-among-cancer-patients-mixed-methods-approach-to-evaluate-feasibility-and-acceptability
#14
Afaf Girgis, Ivana Durcinoska, Janelle V Levesque, Martha Gerges, Tiffany Sandell, Anthony Arnold, Geoff P Delaney
BACKGROUND: Despite accumulating evidence indicating that collecting patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and transferring results to the treating health professional in real time has the potential to improve patient well-being and cancer outcomes, this practice is not widespread. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and acceptability of PROMPT-Care (Patient Reported Outcome Measures for Personalized Treatment and Care), a newly developed electronic health (eHealth) system that facilitates PRO data capture from cancer patients, data linkage and retrieval to support clinical decisions and patient self-management, and data retrieval to support ongoing evaluation and innovative research...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969671/what-is-a-good-health-check-an-interview-study-of-health-check-providers-views-and-practices
#15
Yrrah H Stol, Eva C A Asscher, Maartje H N Schermer
BACKGROUND: Health checks identify (risk factors for) disease in people without symptoms. They may be offered by the government through population screenings and by other providers to individual users as 'personal health checks'. Health check providers' perspective of 'good' health checks may further the debate on the ethical evaluation and possible regulation of these personal health checks. METHODS: In 2015, we interviewed twenty Dutch health check providers on criteria for 'good' health checks, and the role these criteria play in their practices...
October 2, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968516/managing-medical-emergencies-in-mental-health-settings-using-an-interprofessional-in-situ-simulation-training-programme-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-study
#16
Mary Lavelle, Chris Attoe, Christina Tritschler, Sean Cross
BACKGROUND: In the UK, people with severe mental illness die up to 20years earlier than the general population, prompting increased focus on physical health in mental illness. However, training for mental health inpatient staff to meet patients' physical health needs has not received the same attention, with physical health training often being reactive and lacking evidence of effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate an interprofessional, in situ, simulation training intervention for managing medical deterioration in mental health settings...
September 21, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968299/contact-lens-compliance-with-ophthalmologists-and-other-health-professionals
#17
Ayse Guzin Taslipinar Uzel, Mehmet Murat Uzel, Nilay Yuksel, Emine Kalkan Akcay
PURPOSE: To assess the compliance with contact lens (CL) use among ophthalmologists and other health professionals, and to identify the main noncompliant behaviors. METHODS: A cross-sectional, comparative study was designed for soft CL wearers. Twenty-five ophthalmologists, 24 medical doctors other than ophthalmologists, 20 nurses (health professionals), and 52 lay people (members of the public) subjects were included in the interview. The compliance rate for each behavior were determined and compared...
September 29, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967235/addressing-rural-and-remote-access-disparities-for-patients-with-inflammatory-arthritis-through-video-conferencing-and-innovative-inter-professional-care-models
#18
Regina Taylor-Gjevre, Bindu Nair, Brenna Bath, Udoka Okpalauwaekwe, Meenu Sharma, Erika Penz, Catherine Trask, Samuel Alan Stewart
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients followed longitudinally using video-conferencing and inter-professional care support have comparable disease control to those followed in traditional in-person rheumatology clinics. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial for 85 RA patients allocated to either traditional in-person rheumatology follow-up or video-conferenced follow-up with urban-based rheumatologists and rural in-person physical therapist examiners...
October 2, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963921/cultural-competence-education-for-health-professionals-from-pre-graduation-to-licensure-delivered-using-facebook-twelve-month-follow-up-on-a-randomized-control-trial
#19
Li-Chun Chang, Jong Long Guo, Hui-Ling Lin
BACKGROUND: Cultural competence (CC) training is widely recognized as a crucial component of the professional development of healthcare providers. There is no study on the effect of Facebook (FB) as a strategy to promote continual learning to enhance CC among students in health professions. OBJECTIVES: To test the effects of cultural competence education using FB as a delivery platform on knowledge, awareness, self-efficacy, and skill related to CC in health students from pre-graduation to licensed professional stages...
September 20, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957338/-i-think-my-body-has-become-addicted-to-those-tablets-chronic-heart-failure-patients-understanding-of-and-beliefs-about-their-illness-and-its-treatment-a-qualitative-longitudinal-study-from-uganda
#20
Elizabeth Namukwaya, Scott A Murray, Julia Downing, Mhoira Leng, Liz Grant
BACKGROUND: Patients with heart failure in Uganda present for health care with advanced structural heart disease, have repeated hospitalizations and poorly controlled disease symptoms. The reasons for these are unclear. Literature from other settings shows that patients' understanding of their illness and their beliefs influence their health related behaviour. The study aimed to explore the beliefs of patients with heart failure, their understanding of their illness and its treatment, and how this influenced their health related behaviour to inform future health education programs, information and palliative care services...
2017: PloS One
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