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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531782/the-financial-burden-of-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-pediatric-patients-under-five-years-of-age
#1
Kulnipa Kittisakmontri, Onwaree Sukhosa
BACKGROUND: Under-five children are a medically fragile group which is compromised by hospitalization. Malnutrition in those patients not only increases complications and mortality but also affects hospital resource utilization. Therefore, this study was conducted to clarify the impact of malnutrition on hospital expenditures. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was performed at a tertiary hospital in Thailand. Under-five children who were admitted to general pediatric wards were included...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531550/barriers-and-facilitators-in-providing-oral-care-to-nursing-home-residents-from-the-perspective-of-care-aides-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Matthias Hoben, Alix Clarke, Kha Tu Huynh, Nadia Kobagi, Angelle Kent, Huimin Hu, Raissa A C Pereira, Tianyuan Xiong, Kexin Yu, Hongjin Xiang, Minn N Yoon
BACKGROUND: Oral health of nursing home residents is generally poor, with severe consequences for residents' general health and quality of life and for the health care system. Care aides in nursing homes provide up to 80% of direct care (including oral care) to residents, but providing oral care is often challenging. Interventions to improve oral care must tailor to identified barriers and facilitators to be effective. This review identifies and synthesizes the evidence on barriers and facilitators care aides perceive in providing oral care to nursing home residents...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531549/impact-of-community-based-nurse-led-clinics-on-patient-outcomes-patient-satisfaction-patient-access-and-cost-effectiveness-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Sue Randall, Tonia Crawford, Jane Currie, Jo River, Vasiliki Betihavas
BACKGROUND: The role and scope of nursing practice has evolved in response to the dynamic needs of individuals, communities, and healthcare services. Health services are now focused on maintaining people in their communities, and keeping them out of hospital where possible. Community based nurse-led clinics are ideally placed to work towards this goal. The initial impetus for these services was to increase patient access to care, to provide a cost-effective and high quality streamlined service...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531254/frailty-status-at-admission-to-hospital-predicts-multiple-adverse-outcomes
#4
Ruth E Hubbard, Nancye M Peel, Mayukh Samanta, Leonard C Gray, Arnold Mitnitski, Kenneth Rockwood
Aims: frailty is proposed as a summative measure of health status and marker of individual vulnerability. We aimed to investigate the discriminative capacity of a frailty index (FI) derived from interRAI Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment for Acute Care (AC) in relation to multiple adverse inpatient outcomes. Methods: in this prospective cohort study, an FI was derived for 1,418 patients ≥70 years across 11 hospitals in Australia. The interRAI-AC was administered at admission and discharge by trained nurses, who also screened patients daily for geriatric syndromes...
May 22, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#5
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529301/the-establishment-of-wonsan-laborers-hospital-during-the-japanese-occupation-and-its-significance
#6
Il Yeong Jeong, Young-Jeon Shin
On July 3, 1928, the Wonsan Labor Union established the Wonsan Laborers' Hospital in Seoku-dong, Wonsan for the purpose of reducing medical consultation fees for its members. The union's efforts to improve the welfare of its members include the establishment of an educational institute, a consumers union, a barbershop, and a relief department. The Laborers' Hospital, which began with ten wards, was led by a team of two doctors, one midwife, two pharmacists, and four nurses. The two doctors were Cheol-sun Cha and Jeong-kwon Lee, and the midwife/nurse was Sun-jeong Kim...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528623/organizational-perspectives-of-nurse-executives-in-15-hospitals-on-the-impact-and-effectiveness-of-rapid-response-teams
#7
Patricia L Smith, Jean McSweeney
BACKGROUND: Many hospitals use rapid response teams (RRTs) to respond to deteriorating patients, but it remains unclear what organizations actually monitor. Understanding what organizations value in an RRT may help clarify measurement choices. Interviews were conducted to determine how organizational leaders perceived and evaluated their hospitals' RRTs. METHODS: The study used a descriptive, qualitative design. Participants were nurse executives and key informants in 300- to 500-bed hospitals in the south-central United States and were recruited using purposive and snowball sampling...
June 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528526/communication-between-low-income-hispanic-patients-and-their-healthcare-providers-regarding-physical-activity-and-healthy-eating
#8
Aliyah Gauri, Xeniamaria Rodriguez, Patricia Gaona, Stephanie Maestri, Noella Dietz, Mark Stoutenberg
U.S. Hispanics disproportionately show health burdens that may be decreased by discussing physical activity (PA) and healthy eating with their healthcare providers (HCPs). We examined the perceptions of both HCPs and low-income Hispanic patients regarding the dynamics of these communications. We surveyed 295 low-income Hispanic patients and interviewed 14 HCPs at three community health clinics. Patients were asked about their comfort level with HCPs, how often their HCP discussed PA and healthy eating, and the likelihood of following advice on PA and healthy eating...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528126/emotional-intelligence-increases-over-time-a-longitudinal-study-of-australian-pre-registration-nursing-students
#9
Kim Foster, Judith Fethney, Heather McKenzie, Murray Fisher, Emily Harkness, Desirée Kozlowski
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been associated with positive outcomes for nursing students. Higher EI is associated with personal wellbeing and stress management, higher academic performance, stronger nursing leadership and practice performance, and greater patient safety. While there is an increasing body of evidence on nursing students' EI, there is minimal evidence on EI over time during pre-registration programs. OBJECTIVES: To measure EI in pre-registration nursing students from program commencement to conclusion to ascertain EI over time and examine the relationship between EI and academic performance...
May 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527824/clinical-significance-in-nursing-research-a-discussion-and-descriptive-analysis
#10
Denise F Polit
BACKGROUND: It is widely understood that statistical significance should not be equated with clinical significance, but the topic of clinical significance has not received much attention in the nursing literature. By contrast, interest in conceptualizing and operationalizing clinical significance has been a "hot topic" in other health care fields for several decades. OBJECTIVES: The major purpose of this paper is to briefly describe recent advances in defining and quantifying clinical significance...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527731/the-effect-of-activities-of-daily-living-on-the-self-care-agency-of-patients-in-a-cardiovascular-surgery-clinic
#11
Papatya Karakurt, Necla Kasimoğlu, Aybike Bahçeli, Sebahat Atalikoğlu Başkan, Burcu Ağdemir
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death globally, and nurses have a crucial role in informing cardiovascular disease patients about their diseases. The aim of the present study was to identify the effect of activities of daily living on the self-care agency of patients in a cardiovascular surgery clinic. This descriptive study was conducted between June 2014 and January 2015 with 180 patients hospitalized in the cardiovascular surgery clinic of a university hospital in the province of Erzincan in the Eastern region of Turkey...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527613/no-344-opportunistic-salpingectomy-and-other-methods-of-risk-reduction-for-ovarian-fallopian-tube-peritoneal-cancer-in-the-general-population
#12
Shannon Salvador, Stephanie Scott, Julie Ann Francis, Anita Agrawal, Christopher Giede
OBJECTIVE: This guideline reviews the potential benefits of opportunistic salpingectomy to prevent the development of high grade serous cancers (HGSC) of the ovary/fallopian tube/peritoneum based on current evidence supporting the fallopian tube origin of disease. INTENDED USERS: Gynaecologists, obstetricians, family doctors, registered nurses, nurse practitioners, residents, and health care providers. TARGET POPULATION: Adult women (18 and older): OPTIONS: Women considering hysterectomy who wish to retain their ovaries in situ have traditionally also retained their fallopian tubes...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527553/comparison-of-nurses-in-two-different-cultures-who-experiences-more-burnout
#13
Zeynep Karaman Özlü, Ayşegül Çay Yayla, Kenan Gümüş, Elisha Khaghanyrad
PURPOSE: Although burnout occurs in almost all occupational groups, it is mostly observed in professions requiring face-to-face relationships with people, especially among health care workers who deal constantly with problems and expectations of people. DESIGN: The objective of this study was to determine the burnout levels of nurses working in surgical clinics in two countries. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted between June and September 2013...
June 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526674/development-of-a-web-based-health-care-intervention-for-patients-with-heart-disease-lessons-learned-from-a-participatory-design-study
#14
Birgitte Noergaard, Marianne Sandvei, Nina Rottmann, Helle Johannessen, Uffe Wiil, Thomas Schmidt, Susanne S Pedersen
BACKGROUND: The use of telemedicine technologies in health care has increased substantially, together with a growing interest in participatory design methods when developing telemedicine approaches. OBJECTIVE: We present lessons learned from a case study involving patients with heart disease and health care professionals in the development of a personalized Web-based health care intervention. METHODS: We used a participatory design approach inspired by the method for feasibility studies in software development...
May 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526306/reliability-of-n95-respirators-for-respiratory-protection-before-during-and-after-nursing-procedures
#15
Lorna K P Suen, Lin Yang, Suki S K Ho, Keith H K Fung, Maureen V Boost, Cynthia S T Wu, Cypher H Au-Yeung, Margaret O'Donoghue
BACKGROUND: The adequate fit of an N95 respirator is important for health care workers to reduce the transmission of airborne infectious diseases in the clinical setting. This study aimed to evaluate whether adequately sealed N95 respirators may provide consistent protection for the wearer while performing nursing procedures. METHODS: Participants were a group of nursing students (N = 120). The best fitting respirator for these participants was identified from the 3 common models, 1860, 1860S, and 1870+ (3M), using the quantitative fit test (QNFT) method...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525907/sexual-life-satisfaction-and-its-associated-socio-demographic-and-workplace-factors-among-chinese-female-nurses-of-tertiary-general-hospitals
#16
Feng Ji, Deguo Jiang, Xiaodong Lin, Wei Zhang, Weifang Zheng, Ce Cheng, Chongguang Lin, Lirong Hu, Chuanjun Zhuo
Adverse workplace factors such as job stress are reported to be associated with poor physical and mental health of nurses. However, associations between occupational factors and sexual life satisfaction (SLS) of nurses remain understudied. This study investigated SLS of Chinese female nurses of tertiary general hospitals and socio-demographic and occupational factors associated with reduced SLS of nurses. In this cross-sectional survey, 393 Chinese female nurses of four tertiary general hospitals completed a standardized socio-demographic and occupational characteristics questionnaire, Zung's Self-rating Scale for Depression, Job Content Questionnaire, and a self-report SLS question...
May 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525627/geographic-patterns-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-children-of-nurses-health-study-ii-women
#17
Kate Hoffman, Marc G Weisskopf, Andrea L Roberts, Raanan Raz, Jaime E Hart, Kristen Lyall, Elin M Hoffman, Francine Laden, Verónica M Vieira
Data indicate that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) prevalence may be increasing and varies geographically. We investigated associations between residential location and ASD in the children of Nurses' Health Study II women in order to generate hypotheses about social and environmental factors related to etiology or diagnosis. Analyses included 13,507 children born from 1989-1999 (486 with ASD). We explored relationships between ASD and residential location at both birth and age 6 years (i.e. closer to average diagnosis age)...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525626/skin-pigmentation-and-risk-of-hearing-loss-in-women
#18
Brian M Lin, Wen-Qing Li, Sharon G Curhan, Konstantina M Stankovic, Abrar A Qureshi, Gary C Curhan
Black individuals have a lower risk of hearing loss than do whites, possibly because of differences in cochlear melanocytes. Previous studies have suggested that darker-skinned individuals tend to have more inner ear melanin, and cochlear melanocytes are important in generating the endocochlear potential. We investigated the relationship between self-reported hearing loss and skin pigmentation by using hair color, skin tanning ability, and skin reaction to prolonged sun exposure as surrogate measures of pigmentation among 49,323 white women in the Nurses' Health Study...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524905/oral-care-exploring-education-attitudes-and-behaviors-among-nurses-caring-for-patients-with-breast-cancer%C3%A2
#19
Jennifer A Suminski, Marita Inglehart, Stephanie M Munz, Catherine H Van Poznak, L Susan Taichman
BACKGROUND: Patients treated for breast cancer often experience severe oral complications, such as mucositis, xerostomia, and infections, which can result in dose reductions and treatment delays, affecting treatment outcomes.
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to explore oncology nurses' perceptions of their educational experiences, professional attitudes, and behavior related to providing oral healthcare education to patients with breast cancer.
...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524747/health-care-students-at-an-argentinean-school-of-medicine-are-they-well-prepared-to-provide-quality-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#20
Belén Provenzano-Castro, Silvia Oizerovich, Babill Stray-Pedersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to assess what students of the University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine learn about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights, focusing particularly on their knowledge of accessibility to contraception and abortion legislation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, self-administered, anonymous questionnaires were administered to 760 first year students and to 695 final year students from different fields of study (medicine, midwifery, nursing, radiology, nutrition, speech therapy and physiotherapy) between 2011 and 2013...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
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