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Acceptance commitment therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895787/internet-based-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-psychological-distress-experienced-by-people-with-hearing-problems-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Peter Molander, Hugo Hesser, Sandra Weineland, Kajsa Bergwall, Sonia Buck, Johan Jäder Malmlöf, Henning Lantz, Thomas Lunner, Gerhard Andersson
Psychological distress is common among people with hearing problems, but treatments that specifically target this aspect have been almost non-existent. In this pilot randomized controlled trial, an eight-week long Internet-based treatment, informed by Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, was administered to explore the feasibility and efficacy of such a treatment. Included participants were randomized to either treatment (n = 31) or wait-list control (n = 30) condition. All participants were measured prior to randomization and immediately after treatment ended using standardized self-report instruments measuring hearing-related emotional and social adjustment (Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - S, HHIE-S), quality of life (Quality of Life Inventory, QOLI), and symptoms of depression and anxiety (Patient health Questionnaire, PHQ-9 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale, GAD-7)...
September 12, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880892/beyond-hiv-serodiscordance-partnership-communication-dynamics-that-affect-engagement-in-safer-conception-care
#2
Lynn T Matthews, Bridget F Burns, Francis Bajunirwe, Jerome Kabakyenga, Mwebesa Bwana, Courtney Ng, Jasmine Kastner, Annet Kembabazi, Naomi Sanyu, Adrine Kusasira, Jessica E Haberer, David R Bangsberg, Angela Kaida
INTRODUCTION: We explored acceptability and feasibility of safer conception methods among HIV-affected couples in Uganda. METHODS: We recruited HIV-positive men and women on antiretroviral therapy (ART) ('index') from the Uganda Antiretroviral Rural Treatment Outcomes cohort who reported an HIV-negative or unknown-serostatus partner ('partner'), HIV-serostatus disclosure to partner, and personal or partner desire for a child within two years. We conducted in-depth interviews with 40 individuals from 20 couples, using a narrative approach with tailored images to assess acceptability of five safer conception strategies: ART for the infected partner, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for the uninfected partner, condomless sex timed to peak fertility, manual insemination, and male circumcision...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871318/-psychotherapy-with-older-caregivers
#3
REVIEW
G Wilz, K Pfeiffer
Nursing and caring for a relative can be regarded as an important developmental task, which mainly affects elderly people who provide care for their very old parents or their (spouse) partners. Being responsible for the care of someone can be associated with a severe caregiver burden and experienced as a crisis. Possible psychological consequences are pronounced depressive symptoms or maladaptive stress reactions. For these caregivers, psychotherapeutic counselling can be sensible and helpful in addition to other resources of caregiver support...
September 4, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870687/-act-in-the-treatment-of-sexual-addiction-about-a-clinical-case
#4
S Lantheaume
While referring to the theoretical and practical model of R. Harris (2012), this article proposes the use of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) in the treatment of sexual addiction. While dependent behaviors begin and may be maintained by refusal of unpleasant emotional states (that is, addict individuals tend to fight or flee negative emotions by replacing eventually painful or otherwise unpleasant states by behaviors providing pleasure), the ACT framework appears as an ally in treatment of addictive behaviors, in that its goal is a fit between patients' behaviors and their values (instead avoidance of unpleasant states avoidance)...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857254/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-act-for-clinically%C3%A2-distressed-health-care-workers-waitlist-controlled-evaluation-of-an-act-workshop-in-a-routine-practice-setting
#5
Cerith S Waters, Neil Frude, Paul E Flaxman, Jane Boyd
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of a 1-day acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) workshop on the mental health of clinically distressed health care employees, and to explore ACT's processes of change in a routine practice setting. DESIGN: A quasi-controlled design, with participants block allocated to an ACT intervention or waiting list control group based on self-referral date. METHODS: Participants were 35 health care workers who had self-referred for the ACT workshop via a clinical support service for staff...
August 30, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836916/the-use-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-in-oncology-settings-a-narrative-review
#6
Samantha R Fashler, Aliza Z Weinrib, Muhammad Abid Azam, Joel Katz
Various psychotherapeutic approaches have been developed to address the psychosocial stressors and distress associated with cancer diagnosis and treatment. One such approach, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), may be particularly well suited to people with cancer as it offers a model of healthy adaptation to difficult circumstances. This paper provides a description and theoretical rationale for using ACT in psychosocial oncology care that emphasizes emotional distress and cancer-related pain and provides a narrative review of the current state of evidence for this setting...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826230/optimism-alongside-new-challenges-using-a-rehabilitation-framework-to-explore-experiences-of-a-qualitative-longitudinal-cohort-of-people-living-with-hiv-on-antiretroviral-treatment-in-lusaka-zambia
#7
Stephanie A Nixon, Virginia Bond, Patricia Solomon, Cathy Cameron, Chanda Mwamba, Jill Hanass-Hancock, Margaret C Maimbolwa, J Anitha Menon, Phillimon Simwaba, Robert Sinyinza, Margaret Siwale, Stephen Tattle, Tammy Yates
Previous research has demonstrated increased comorbidities related to the chronic effects of HIV. Rehabilitation science offers a useful approach for studying chronic illness. This longitudinal qualitative study used a rehabilitation science approach to explore the experiences over time of women and men living with HIV and on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the high HIV-prevalence setting of Lusaka, Zambia. Thirty-five participants participated in a total of 99 in-depth interviews from 2012 to 2015. The central pattern that emerged across the participants' narratives was the paradoxical experience of profound optimism alongside significant new challenges...
August 21, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810477/feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-self-help-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-intervention-for-grief-and-psychological-distress-in-carers-of-palliative-care-patients
#8
Esther L Davis, Frank P Deane, Geoffrey Cb Lyons, Gregory D Barclay, Joan Bourne, Vivienne Connolly
We tested the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of an acceptance and commitment therapy self-help intervention for grief and psychological distress in carers of patients in palliative care. Carers were randomised to the control group, which received treatment as usual, or the intervention group, which received treatment as usual plus an acceptance and commitment therapy-based self-help booklet and telephone support call. Questionnaires were completed at baseline, 1-month post-allocation and 6 months post-loss...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794670/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-clients-institutionalized-for-severe-substance-use-disorder-a-pilot-study
#9
Gabriella Svanberg, Ingrid Munck, Maria Levander
BACKGROUND: Individuals with substance-use disorder (SUD) often have co-occurring mental health disorders and decreased executive function, both of which are barriers to sustained rehabilitation. Clients with severe SUD can be institutionalized in The Swedish National Board of Institutional Care but are difficult to engage and dropout rates remain high. Recent studies suggest that acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is an effective treatment for mental health and SUD. OBJECTIVES: The overall aims of the present pilot study were to explore a manual-based ACT intervention for clients institutionalized for severe SUD and to describe the effects on mental health, psychological flexibility, and executive function...
2017: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770559/beyond-ryff-s-scale-comprehensive-measures-of-eudaimonic-well-being-in-clinical-populations-a-systematic-review
#10
Martina Brandel, Francesca Vescovelli, Chiara Ruini
Eudaimonic well-being that protects mental and physical health has received increasing attention. This investigation aimed to review which comprehensive instruments for measuring eudaimonic well-being were applied with clinical populations (reporting mental or physical illnesses), beyond Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scale. Articles citing at least 1 of the measures of eudaimonic well-being identified by previous theoretical work were extracted from medical and psychological electronic databases and screened...
August 2, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756518/ethics-evidence-based-sports-medicine-and-the-use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-the-english-premier-league
#11
M J McNamee, C M Coveney, A Faulkner, J Gabe
The use of platelet rich plasma (PRP) as a novel treatment is discussed in the context of a qualitative research study comprising 38 interviews with sports medicine practitioners and other stakeholders working within the English Premier League during the 2013-16 seasons. Analysis of the data produced several overarching themes: conservatism versus experimentalism in medical attitudes; therapy perspectives divergence; conflicting versions of appropriate evidence; subcultures; community beliefs/practices; and negotiation of medical decision-making...
July 29, 2017: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724306/new-psychological-therapies-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-mindfulness-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-act
#12
Beatriz Sebastián Sánchez, Jesús Gil Roales-Nieto, Nuno Bravo Ferreira, Bárbara Gil Luciano, Juan José Sebastián Domingo
The current goal of treatment in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) focuses primarily on symptom management and attempts to improve quality of life. Several treatments are at the disposal of physicians; lifestyle and dietary management, pharmacological treatments and psychological interventions are the most used and recommended. Psychological treatments have been proposed as viable alternatives or compliments to existing care models. Most forms of psychological therapies studied have been shown to be helpful in reducing symptoms and in improving the psychological component of anxiety/depression and health-related quality of life...
July 14, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700566/enhancing-pediatric-clinical-trial-feasibility-through-the-use-of-bayesian-statistics
#13
Robin A Huff, Jeff D Maca, Mala Puri, Earl W Seltzer
BACKGROUND: Pediatric clinical trials commonly experience recruitment challenges, including limited numbers of patients and investigators, inclusion/exclusion criteria that further reduce the patient pool, and a competitive research landscape created by pediatric regulatory commitments. To overcome these challenges, innovative approaches are needed. METHODS: This article explores the use of Bayesian statistics to improve pediatric trial feasibility, using pediatric type 2 diabetes as an example...
July 12, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689449/evaluating-an-adjunctive-mobile-app-to-enhance-psychological-flexibility-in-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#14
Michael E Levin, Jack Haeger, Benjamin Pierce, Rick A Cruz
The primary aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility and potential efficacy of a novel adjunctive mobile app designed to enhance the acquisition, strengthening, and generalization of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) skills being taught in therapy. A sample of 14 depressed/anxious clients receiving ACT used the ACT Daily app for 2 weeks in a pre-post, open trial design. Participants reported a high degree of program satisfaction. Clients significantly improved over the 2-week period on depression and anxiety symptoms as well as a range of psychological inflexibility measures...
July 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675714/processes-of-recovery-through-routine-or-specialist-treatment-for-borderline-personality-disorder-bpd-a-qualitative-study
#15
Christina Katsakou, Nancy Pistrang, Kirsten Barnicot, Hayley White, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: Recovery processes in borderline personality disorder (BPD) are poorly understood. AIMS: This study explored how recovery in BPD occurs through routine or specialist treatment, as perceived by service users (SUs) and therapists. METHODS: SUs were recruited from two specialist BPD services, three community mental health teams, and one psychological therapies service. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 48 SUs and 15 therapists...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674509/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-music-performance-anxiety-a-pilot-study-with-student-vocalists
#16
David G Juncos, Glenn A Heinrichs, Philip Towle, Kiera Duffy, Sebastian M Grand, Matthew C Morgan, Jonathan D Smith, Evan Kalkus
This study investigated the use of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) as a treatment for music performance anxiety (MPA) in an uncontrolled pilot design. ACT is a newer, "third-wave" therapy that differs from previous MPA treatments, because its goal is not to reduce symptoms of MPA. Rather, ACT aims to enhance psychological flexibility in the presence of unwanted symptoms through the promotion of six core processes collectively known as the ACT "Hexaflex." A small group of student vocalists (N = 7) from an elite choral college were recruited using objective criteria for evaluating MPA...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661189/transdiagnostic-group-based-occupational-rehabilitation-for-participants-with-chronic-pain-chronic-fatigue-and-common-mental-disorders-a-feasibility-study
#17
Karen Walseth Hara, Petter Christian Borchgrevink, Henrik Børsting Jacobsen, Marius Steiro Fimland, Marit By Rise, Sigmund Gismervik, Astrid Woodhouse
PURPOSE: The aim was to investigate the feasibility of introducing a novel transdiagnostic occupational rehabilitation program delivered in groups mixing participants with chronic pain, chronic fatigue and common mental disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational data on group climate and individual participation were triangulated with qualitative data from focus group interviews on the participants' experiences with transdiagnostic groups. RESULTS: The study included 222 participants receiving a temporary work disability benefit...
June 29, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652832/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-to-aid-weight-loss-in-obese-patients-current-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Gianluca Castelnuovo, Giada Pietrabissa, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Roberto Cattivelli, Alessandro Rossi, Margherita Novelli, Giorgia Varallo, Enrico Molinari
Obesity is a chronic condition associated with risk factors for many medical complications and comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, some types of cancer, osteoarthritis, hypertension, dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, type-2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, and different psychosocial issues and psychopathological disorders. Obesity is a highly complex, multifactorial disease: genetic, biological, psychological, behavioral, familial, social, cultural, and environmental factors can influence in different ways...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648970/treating-functional-non-epileptic-attacks-should-we-consider-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#19
REVIEW
Sarah R Cope, Norman Poole, Niruj Agrawal
Patients who experience functional non-epileptic attacks (FNEA) are frequently seen in Neurology clinics. Diagnosis alone can result in cessation of attacks for some patients, but many patients require further treatment. There is evidence that certain psychological therapies, like cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic interpersonal therapy (PIT) can be beneficial. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a type of CBT that has been found to be effective at treating other somatic disorders, like epilepsy and chronic pain...
June 22, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614671/gestalt-breastfeeding-helping-mothers-and-infants-optimize-positional-stability-and-intraoral-breast-tissue-volume-for-effective-pain-free-milk-transfer
#20
Pamela Douglas, Renee Keogh
In the past decade, biological nurturing and activation of maternal and infant instincts after birth have constituted a major advance in clinical breastfeeding support. Yet, physiologic breastfeeding initiation is not enough to ensure ongoing pain-free and effective breastfeeding for many pairs. Current interventions, including "hands-off" mammalian approaches, do not improve breastfeeding outcomes, including in randomized controlled trials. Back-arching, difficulty latching or staying on the breast, and fussing at the breast are common signs of infant positional instability during breastfeeding...
August 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
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