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Acceptance commitment therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777950/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-prevention-of-chronic-post-surgical-pain-and-opioid-use-in-at-risk-veterans-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Lilian Dindo, M Bridget Zimmerman, Katherine Hadlandsmyth, Barbara StMarie, Jennie Embree, James Marchman, Toni Tripp-Reimer, Barbara Rakel
High levels of pain, significant anxiety, and/or depressive symptoms prior to surgery put patients at elevated risk forchronic pain and prolonged opioid use following surgery. The purpose of this preliminary study was to assess the efficacy of a one-day Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) workshop in "at-risk" Veterans for the prevention of chronic pain and opioid use following orthopedic surgery. In a randomized controlled trial, 88 at-risk Veterans undergoing orthopedic surgery were assigned to Treatment as Usual (TAU; N =44) or TAU plus a 1-day ACT workshop (N = 44)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747712/remote-delivery-of-psychological-interventions-for-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Caitlin Swalwell, Nancy A Pachana, Nadeeka N Dissanayaka
ABSTRACTObjective:Over two-thirds of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients experience comorbid neuropsychiatric symptoms, which adversely impact their quality of life and often require intervention. There is a preference for non-pharmacological, psychological approaches in addressing these symptoms. Given mobility limitations, travel burden, and cost, accessibility to psychological treatment can be problematic in this population. There has been a recent shift toward delivering care via telehealth in PD. Accordingly, this review aimed to examine remotely delivered psychological interventions for PD patients...
May 11, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737905/creating-occupational-therapy-the-challenges-to-defining-a-profession
#3
Kathlyn L Reed
The creation of a new profession in the early 20th century, such as occupational therapy, required a commitment to certain ideas and a willingness to accept certain challenges. This study examines the commitment to the idea of therapeutic and health supporting occupation by the early leaders and proponents of the profession and the challenges they faced in gaining acceptance of occupational therapy as a profession capable of delivering a valued health care service to society. Six challenges are reviewed as they occurred in the history of the profession and as they continue to challenge the profession into the present era...
May 8, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716660/a-blended-psychosocial-support-program-for-partners-of-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-and-progressive-muscular-atrophy-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Jessica de Wit, Anita Beelen, Constance H C Drossaert, Ruud Kolijn, Leonard H van den Berg, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Carin D Schröder
BACKGROUND: Informal caregivers of patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) or Progressive Muscular Atrophy (PMA) face stressful demands due to severe impairments and prospect of early death of the patients they care for. Caregivers often experience feelings of psychological distress and caregiver burden, but supportive interventions are lacking. The objective of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of a psychosocial support program aimed at enhancing feelings of control over caregiving tasks and reducing psychological distress...
May 2, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704966/the-use-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-to-promote-mental-health-and-school-engagement-in-university-students-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Simon Grégoire, Lise Lachance, Thérèse Bouffard, Frédérick Dionne
The aim of this multisite randomized controlled trial was to determine whether an intervention based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) was efficacious in improving university students' psychological flexibility, mental health, and school engagement. Students were recruited in four Canadian universities and randomly assigned to an intervention (n = 72) or a wait-list control group (n = 72). Students in the intervention group took part in four 2.5-hour workshops during a 4-week period and were asked to do exercises at home (e...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704880/feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial-of-online-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-patients-with-complex-chronic-pain-in-the-united-kingdom
#6
Whitney Scott, Joseph Chilcot, Beth Guildford, Aisling Daly-Eichenhardt, Lance M McCracken
BACKGROUND: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has growing support for chronic pain. However, more accessible treatment delivery is needed. This study evaluated the feasibility of online ACT for patients with complex chronic pain in the United Kingdom to determine whether a larger trial is justified. METHODS: Participants with chronic pain and clinically-meaningful disability and distress were randomly assigned to ACT online plus specialty medical pain management, or specialty medical management alone...
April 28, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703199/unfolding-the-values-of-work-therapists%C3%A2-experience-of-addressing-the-return-to-work-process-in-occupational-rehabilitation-based-on-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#7
Nina E Klevanger, Marius S Fimland, Roar Johnsen, Marit B Rise
BACKGROUND: Facilitating return to work can be challenging due to the complexity of work disability. Few studies have examined rehabilitation programs based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy that intend to support return to work, and none have investigated therapists' experience with providing such programs. The aim of this study was therefore to explore therapists' experience of addressing the return to work process in an inpatient occupational rehabilitation program based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy...
April 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687178/uptake-of-breast-cancer-preventive-therapy-in-the-uk-results-from-a-multicentre-prospective-survey-and-qualitative-interviews
#8
Julia Hackett, Rachael Thorneloe, Lucy Side, Michael Wolf, Rob Horne, Jack Cuzick, Samuel G Smith
PURPOSE: Uptake of preventive therapy for women at increased breast cancer risk in England is unknown following the introduction of UK clinical guidelines in 2013. Preventive therapy could create socioeconomic inequalities in cancer incidence if it is more readily accepted by particular socio-demographic groups. In this multicentre study, we investigated uptake of tamoxifen and evaluated socio-demographic and clinical factors associated with initiation. We explored women's experiences of treatment decision-making using qualitative interview data...
April 24, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657693/the-effects-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-on-man-smokers-comorbid-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-and-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Mohammadreza Davoudi, Abdollah Omidi, Mojtaba Sehat, Zahra Sepehrmanesh
Background: Besides physical problems, cigarette smoking is associated with a high prevalence of comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms. One of the reasons behind high post-cessation smoking lapse and relapse rates is inattentiveness to these symptoms during the process of cessation. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on male smokers' comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms and smoking cessation. Methods: This two-group pre-test-post-test randomized controlled trial was done on a random sample of seventy male smokers...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650217/effect-of-logo-therapy-acceptance-commitment-therapy-family-psychoeducation-on-self-stigma-and-depression-on-housewives-living-with-hiv-aids
#10
Titi Sri Suyanti, Budi Anna Keliat, Novy Helena Catharina Daulima
OBJECTIVE: Self-stigma in people living with HIV/AIDS is a survival mechanism to protect themselves from external stigma. Stigma and discrimination in people living with HIV/AIDS can lead to inequality in social life. This inequality can cause inferiority complex, preoccupation, and denial of diagnosis, which correlates with the onset of depression. This study aims to determine the effect of logotherapy, commitment acceptance therapy, and family psychoeducation on self-stigma and depression on housewives living with HIV/AIDS...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650216/the-effectiveness-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-on-anxiety-in-clients-with-stroke
#11
Renta Sianturi, Budi Anna Keliat, Ice Yulia Wardani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of acceptance and commitment therapy on anxiety in patients with stroke, especially during the first stage of recovery. METHOD: This quantitative study featured a quasi-experimental design without a control group and was conducted in the stroke ward of a public hospital. The 33 respondents were selected via consecutive sampling. The data analysis was completed using the paired t-test. RESULTS: The use of acceptance and commitment therapy significantly the signs and symptoms of anxiety in patients with stroke (p-value = < 0...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650214/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-and-family-psycho-education-for-clients-with-schizophrenia
#12
Encik Putri Ema Komala, Budi Anna Keliat, Ice Yulia Wardani
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the effectiveness of combining acceptance and commitment therapy with family psycho education on increased insight, diminished symptoms, and the client's improved ability to control violent behavior. METHOD: The design of this study was a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest utilizing intervention and control groups. The intervention group consisted of 33 people, and the control group was composed of 33 people. Data was collected before and after respondents received both acceptance and commitment therapy and family psycho education...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625957/development-and-feasibility-testing-of-internet-delivered-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-severe-health-anxiety-pilot-study
#13
Ditte Hoffmann, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Brjánn Ljótsson, Lisbeth Frostholm
BACKGROUND: Severe health anxiety (hypochondriasis), or illness anxiety disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition, is characterized by preoccupation with fear of suffering from a serious illness in spite of medical reassurance. It is a debilitating, prevalent disorder associated with increased health care utilization. Still, there is a lack of easily accessible specialized treatment for severe health anxiety. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this paper were to (1) describe the development and setup of a new internet-delivered acceptance and commitment therapy (iACT) program for patients with severe health anxiety using self-referral and a video-based assessment; and (2) examine the feasibility and potential clinical efficacy of iACT for severe health anxiety...
April 6, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619140/challenges-and-opportunities-of-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study-from-healthcare-practitioners-perspective
#14
Henok G Tegegn, Ousman A Abdela, Abebe B Mekuria, Akshaya S Bhagavathula, Asnakew A Ayele
Background: Currently, clinical pharmacists have in-depth therapeutic knowledge and scientific skills to act as drug therapy experts in healthcare settings. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the opportunities and challenges of clinical pharmacy services from the health practitioners' perspective in University of Gondar (UOG) hospital Ethiopia. Methods: A qualitative study was performed using face-to-face in-depth interviews with health practitioners who were directly involved in clinical pharmacy services (clinical pharmacists, physicians, and nurses) in UOG hospital...
January 2018: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609554/internet-based-self-help-smoking-cessation-and-alcohol-moderation-interventions-for-cancer-survivors-a-study-protocol-of-two-rcts
#15
Ajla Mujcic, Matthijs Blankers, Brigitte Boon, Rutger Engels, Margriet van Laar
BACKGROUND: Brief interventions for smoking cessation and alcohol moderation may contribute considerably to the prevention of cancer among populations at risk, such as cancer survivors, in addition to improving their general wellbeing. There is accumulating evidence for the effectiveness of internet-based brief health behaviour interventions. The objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness, patient-level cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of two new online theory-based self-help interventions among adult cancer survivors in the Netherlands...
April 2, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605691/a-controlled-pilot-trial-of-paintracker-self-manager-a-web-based-platform-combined-with-patient-coaching-to-support-patients-self-management-of-chronic-pain
#16
Mark Sullivan, Dale J Langford, Pamela Stitzlein Davies, Christine Tran, Roger Vilardaga, Gifford Cheung, Daisy Yoo, Justin McReynolds, William B Lober, David Tauben, Kevin E Vowles
The objective of this study was to develop and pilot test a chronic pain empowerment and self-management platform, derived from Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) in a pain specialty setting. A controlled, sequential, non-randomized study design was used to accommodate intervention development and to test the efficacy of the PainTracker Self-Manager intervention (web-based educational modules and outcome tracking combined with tailored patient coaching sessions and provider guidance). Generalized estimating equations (GEE) evaluated changes over time (baseline, 3 months, 6 months) in pain self-efficacy (primary outcome), chronic pain acceptance (activity engagement and pain willingness), perceived efficacy in patient-provider interactions, pain intensity and interference, and overall satisfaction with pain treatment (secondary outcomes) between intervention (n=48) and usual care control groups (n=51)...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587807/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-preceded-by-an-experimental-attention-bias-modification-procedure-in-recurrent-depression-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Tom Østergaard, Tobias Lundgren, Robert Zettle, Rune Jonassen, Catherine J Harmer, Tore C Stiles, Nils Inge Landrø, Vegard Øksendal Haaland
BACKGROUND: This project studies the effect of group-based Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) following Attention Bias Modification (ABM) on residual symptoms in recurrent depression. ACT is a cognitive-behavioral intervention combining acceptance and mindfulness processes with commitment and behavior-change processes. ACT enjoys modest empirical support in treating depression and has also shown promising results in secondary prevention of depression. The experimental cognitive bias modification (ABM) procedure has been shown to reduce surrogate markers of depression vulnerability in patients in remission from depression...
March 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566744/exercise-combined-with-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-exact-compared-to-a-supervised-exercise-programme-for-adults-with-chronic-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Máire-Bríd Casey, Keith Smart, Ricardo Segurado, Conor Hearty, Hari Gopal, Damien Lowry, Dearbhail Flanagan, Lance McCracken, Catherine Doody
BACKGROUND: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a form of cognitive behavioural therapy, which may be beneficial for people with chronic pain. The approach aims to enhance daily functioning through increased psychological flexibility. Whilst the therapeutic model behind ACT appears well suited to chronic pain, there is a need for further research to test its effectiveness in clinical practice, particularly with regards to combining ACT with physical exercise. METHODS/DESIGN: This prospective, two-armed, parallel-group, single-centre randomised controlled trial (RCT) will assess the effectiveness of a combined Exercise and ACT programme, in comparison to supervised exercise for chronic pain...
March 22, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566394/a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-routine-clinical-practice-comparing-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder
#19
Jacqueline G L A-Tjak, Nexhmedin Morina, Maurice Topper, Paul M G Emmelkamp
BACKGROUND: Since current therapies for depression are effective but not for all patients alike, we need to further improve available treatments. Existing research suggests that acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) may effectively treat major depressive disorder (MDD). We compared ACT with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for depression, testing the hypothesis that CBT would outperform ACT. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial with 82 patients suffering from MDD...
March 22, 2018: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558259/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-in-cancer-review-of-applications-and-findings
#20
Sonia González-Fernández, Concepción Fernández-Rodríguez
This study aimed to analyse published studies regarding the usefulness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in the treatment of oncological patients. A systematic review of the literature was conducted using the Web of Science, Google Scholar and Dialnet (2000-2016). Nineteen articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Those patients who received interventions based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy showed a better emotional state and quality of life and greater psychological flexibility. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy proved to be useful in the psychological treatment of oncological patients...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
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