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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923985/tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-caused-by-an-uncommon-ossicle-of-the-talus-a-case-report
#1
Chang Hwa Hong, Young Koo Lee, Sung Hun Won, Dhong Won Lee, Sang Il Moon, Woo Jong Kim
RATIONALE: Tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS) is a compressive neuropathy of the posterior tibial nerve or one of its branches within the tarsal tunnel that is often caused by a variety of space-occupying lesions, such as ganglia, lipomas, varicosities, neural tumors, trauma, or systemic disease. The os sustentaculi is a small accessory bone, bridged to the posterior aspect of the sustentaculum tali by fibrocartilage. To the best of our knowledge, this is a rare case of successful treatment of TTS caused by the os sustantaculi...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921297/percutaneous-achillotomy-in-the-treatment-of-congenital-clubfoot-should-it-be-performed-in-the-operating-theater-or-the-polyclinic
#2
Ümit Tuhanioğlu, Hasan U Oğur, Fırat Seyfettinoğlu, Hakan Çiçek, Volkan T Tekbaş, Ahmet Kapukaya
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy, advantages, and complications of percutaneous achillotomy in the treatment of clubfoot with the Ponseti method when performed to two different groups under general anesthesia or polyclinic conditions with local anesthesia. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation was made of 96 patients treated for clubfoot in our clinic between January 2013 and June 2016. Fifty-seven patients were separated into two groups according to whether the achillotomy was performed in polyclinic conditions with local anesthesia or under general anesthesia following serial plaster casting with the Ponseti method...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916196/recent-trends-in-the-practice-of-procedural-sedation-under-local-anesthesia-for-catheter-ablation-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-and-endoscopic-surgery-in-japan-a-retrospective-database-study-in-clinical-practice-from-2012-to-2015
#3
Akiko Matsui, Michihiro Morimoto, Hiroshi Suzuki, Thomas Laurent, Yoko Fujimoto, Yoshimi Inagaki
OBJECTIVES: To investigate changes in sedation practice during 2012-2015, using a large health claims database, for catheter ablation (CA), gastrointestinal endoscopic examination (EE), and surgery (ES) after dexmedetomidine (DEX) was approved for procedural sedation in 2013. We assessed the trends of sedative utilization, sedative-analgesic combinations, and, additionally, incidence of complications from 2012 to 2015. METHODS: Using the database provided by Medical Data Vision Co...
June 18, 2018: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914654/outcomes-of-appendectomy-in-elderly-veteran-patients
#4
Oswaldo Renteria, Zain Shahid, Sergio Huerta
BACKGROUND: Some studies indicate that noncomplicated acute appendicitis might be treated exclusively with antibiotics instead of an appendectomy. This study was undertaken to assess outcomes in elderly veterans and to determine if operative intervention would lead to substantial complications such that a nonoperative strategy should be investigated. METHODS: A retrospective, single-institution analysis was conducted of patients who underwent an appendectomy at the VA North Texas Health Care System over a period of 12 years (from July 2005 to June 2017)...
June 16, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913933/a-personal-experience-learning-from-two-pain-pioneers-j-j-bonica-and-w-fordyce-lessons-surviving-four-decades-of-pain-practice
#5
Stephen Butler
This article was requested by the Editor, Professor Harald Brevik after listening to a lecture I gave in a similar vein. Harald wanted the information in print and I have done this in a partly autobiographical form to explain how I came to work and learn from both the late John J. Bonica and the late Wilbert Fordyce. Both of these men have been important in different ways to our present pain world. John J. Bonica made many contributions not only in pain but in regional anesthesia and obstetrical anesthesia but not on the same level...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912819/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-balloon-dilation-as-a-treatment-for-persistent-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-with-1-year-follow-up
#6
Ted A Meyer, Ellen M O'Malley, Rodney J Schlosser, Zachary M Soler, Jason Cai, Mark J Hoy, Patrick W Slater, Jeffrey L Cutler, Roger J Simpson, Michael J Clark, Habib G Rizk, Theodore R McRackan, Christopher F D'Esposito, Shaun A Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: Compare Eustachian tube balloon dilation versus continued medical therapy (control) for treating persistent Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary care academic center and private practice. PATIENTS: Diagnosed with medically refractory persistent ETD. INTERVENTIONS: 1:1 Randomization to balloon dilation or control...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912008/processed-electroencephalogram-monitoring-and-postoperative-delirium-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Kristen K MacKenzie, Angelitta M Britt-Spells, Laura P Sands, Jacqueline M Leung
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium complicates approximately 15 to 20% of major operations in patients at least 65 yr old and is associated with adverse outcomes and increased resource utilization. Furthermore, patients with postoperative delirium might also be at risk of developing long-term postoperative cognitive dysfunction. One potentially modifiable variable is use of intraoperative processed electroencephalogram to guide anesthesia. This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the relationship between processed electroencephalogram monitoring and postoperative delirium and cognitive dysfunction...
June 15, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909205/perioperative-mortality-related-to-anesthesia-within-48-h-and-up-to-30-days-following-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-11-562-anesthetic-procedures
#8
Luciana C Stefani, Patricia W Gamermann, Amanda Backof, Fernanda Guollo, Rafael M J Borges, Adriana Martin, Wolnei Caumo, Elaine A Felix
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Studying postoperative in-hospital mortality is crucial to the understanding of the perioperative process failures and to the implementation of strategies to improve patient outcomes. We intend to classify the causes of perioperative deaths up to 30 days after procedures requiring anesthesia and to evaluate the risk factors for early (48 h) or late (30 day) mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A quaternary University Hospital from South Brazil...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907900/-anesthesia-ventilation-and-pain-treatment-in-thoracic-trauma
#9
REVIEW
M Weigeldt, M Paul, S Schulz-Drost, M D Schmittner
The management of anesthesia plays a central role in the treatment of thoracic trauma, both in the initial phase when safeguarding the difficult airway and in the intensive care unit. A rapid transfer to a trauma center should be considered in order to recognize and treat organ dysfunction in time. Development of atelectasis, pneumonia and acute lung failure are common pulmonary complications. Non-invasive ventilation combined with physiotherapy and respiratory training can help to minimize these pulmonary complications...
June 15, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907575/current-evidence-for-anesthesia-management-during-endovascular-stroke-therapy-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Nitin Goyal, Konark Malhotra, Muhammad F Ishfaq, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Christopher Nickele, Daniel Hoit, Adam S Arthur, Andrei V Alexandrov, Lucas Elijovich
INTRODUCTION: Debate continues about the optimal anesthetic management for patients undergoing endovascular treatment (ET) of acute ischemic stroke due to emergent large vessel occlusion. OBJECTIVE: To compare, using current evidence, the clinical outcomes and procedural characteristics among patients undergoing general anesthesia (GA) and local or monitored anesthesia (non-GA). METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of all available studies that involved the use of stent retrievers for ET (stentriever group)...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906265/transcatheter-mitral-valve-in-valve-and-valve-in-ring-replacement-in-high-risk-surgical-patients-feasibility-safety-and-longitudinal-outcomes-in-a-single-center-experience
#11
Ashleigh Long, Paul Mahoney
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve (TMVIV) or valve-in-ring (TMVIR) replacement has shown early promise in patients deemed poor surgical candidates as a less invasive alternative to conventional reoperative mitral valve (MV) replacement. OBJECTIVE: This retrospective, single-center study reviewed the procedural outcomes of all TMVIV and TMVIR procedures between 2013-2018 at a large tertiary referral center serving the southeastern United States. An analysis of patient safety measures was also performed, with a retrospective assessment of relative procedural safety that included preoperative risk stratification and postoperative mortality predictors, operative time, average blood loss, length of hospital stay, and readmission rates...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905607/reconstruction-of-large-defects-of-the-lower-lip-after-mohs-surgery-the-use-of-combined-karapandzic-and-abbe-flaps
#12
Abel Gonzalez, Dardo Etchichury
INTRODUCTION: Lower lip reconstruction should restore oral competence, speech, and cosmesis. These goals are a challenge when reparing large lower lip defects. Karapandzic flap is a reliable technique with consistent functional and esthetic outcome. In large defects, it might result in disproportion between the upper and lower lips and blunting of the commissures. The Abbe flap is useful as a lip balancing procedure and avoids the rounding of the commissures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five cases of lower lip skin cancer treated with Mohs surgery with defects up to 80% were reconstructed with a combination of Karapandzic and Abbe flaps...
June 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901585/abdominal-peripheral-nerve-block-as-the-only-anesthetic-technique-for-totally-extraperitoneal-endoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair-two-case-reports
#13
Woojin Kwon, Seunguk Bang, Hyojung Soh, Won Jun Jeong, Sang Chul Lee, Byung Jo Choi
RATIONALE: Laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair is a rapidly evolving, minimally invasive treatment modality for inguinal hernia. Compared with open hernia repair, this method requires a smaller incision, has cosmetic advantages, and facilitates rapid recovery and early return to daily activities because of less postoperative pain. Because general anesthesia is essential for TEP hernia repair, it cannot be performed on patients who have an increased risk of developing complications when placed under general anesthesia...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900768/hyperkalemia-in-two-jaguars-panthera-onca-anesthetized-with-dexmedetomidine-ketamine-and-isoflurane
#14
Marta Romano, Jordyn M Boesch, Santiago Peralta, Christine Parker, George Kollias
  Two jaguars were anesthetized with dexmedetomidine, ketamine, and isoflurane. Arterial blood samples analyzed shortly after darting revealed no abnormalities. Samples analyzed 2 and 1.5 hr after darting revealed moderate hyperkalemia in both animals (6.8 and 6.2 mEq/L, respectively). Shortly after hyperkalemia was recognized, one jaguar developed electrocardiographic abnormalities (sinoventricular rhythm and widened QRS complexes), and a few minutes later, suffered cardiopulmonary arrest. Resuscitation with chest compressions, intermittent positive-pressure ventilation, and epinephrine was successful, and autonomous breathing and circulation resumed within a few minutes...
June 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899776/endovascular-retrieval-of-detached-ventriculoatrial-shunt-into-pulmonary-artery-in-pediatric-patient-case-report
#15
Mohammed Aloddadi, Safar Alshahrani, Ibrahim Alnaami
The management of hydrocephalus represents a neurosurgical challenge. Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts are usually the treatment of choice for hydrocephalus. However, when VP shunt is not an option, ventriculoatrial (VA) shunt becomes a second choice. VA shunts have special complications such as postoperative neck hematomas, shunt nephritis, and migration of the distal segment. There are two main techniques for the retrieval of migrated VA shunt: either by retrieval of the broken segment by thoracotomy, which is highly invasive, or by transvenous approach...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898873/effectiveness-and-safety-of-local-anesthetic-semi-flexible-pleuroscopy-experience-from-a-peripheral-hospital
#16
L V Rodrigues, G Samouco, R Gomes, C Santos, L Ferreira
If the seemingly less invasive semi-flexible pleuroscopes are combined with strategies of conscious sedation and local anesthesia the pleuroscopy has the potential to reach an increasing number of hospital settings. Local experiences can provide valuable information pertaining to the reproducibility of this technique in different scenarios. We performed a retrospective analysis of the clinical records of all patients that had undergone local anesthetic semi-flexible pleuroscopy in our unit between February 2015 and July 2017...
June 10, 2018: Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898711/maternal-cardiovascular-hemodynamics-in-normotensive-versus-preeclamptic-pregnancies-a-prospective-longitudinal-study-using-a-noninvasive-cardiac-system-nicas%C3%A2
#17
Anat Lavie, Maya Ram, Shaul Lev, Yair Blecher, Uri Amikam, Yael Shulman, Tomer Avnon, Eran Weiner, Ariel Many
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is among the most common medical complications of pregnancy. The clinical utility of invasive hemodynamic monitoring in preeclampsia (e.g., Swan-Ganz catheter) is controversial. Thoracic impedance cardiography (TIC) and Doppler echocardiography are noninvasive techniques but they both have important limitations. NICaS™ (NI Medical, PetachTikva, Israel) is a noninvasive cardiac system for determining cardiac output (CO) that utilizes regional impedance cardiography (RIC) by noninvasively measuring the impedance signal in the periphery...
June 14, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896017/impact-of-anesthesia-modality-and-mechanical-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-on-the-incidence-of-symptomatic-deep-venous-thrombosis-after-tka
#18
Yoshinori Ishii, Hideo Noguchi, Junko Sato, Satoshi Takayama, Yui Okada, Shin-Ichi Toyabe
Background: Venous thromboembolic events (VTE) are a common complication of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Prior studies have discussed the utility of mechanical VTE prophylaxis as a monotherapy for low-risk TKA patients. We assess the incidence of clinically significant deep venous thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE) in low-risk TKA patients who receive mechanical VTE prophylaxis and undergo spinal, epidural, or general anesthesia for their surgery. Methods: A retrospective study was performed on consecutive low-risk patients who received a TKA between July 2002 and June 2015 with spinal anesthesia ( n  = 65), epidural and general anesthesia ( n  = 154), or general anesthesia alone ( n  = 152)...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895118/-the-short-term-efficacy-and-psycological-influence-of-elastic-silicon-punctal-plugs-on-severe-dry-eye-patients
#19
X Yang, Y Li
Objective: To evaluate the short-term efficacy and psycological influence of elastic silicon punctal plugs on severe dry eye patients. Methods: Prospective case series study. Twenty-eight severe dry eye patients (56 eyes) treated with elastic silicon punctal plugs (Snug Plugs(TM), FCI Ophthalmics, France) during January to September 2017 at the ophthalmology department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital were included. All the examination results were collected at baseline and 3 months after insertion...
June 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895029/bronchoscopic-thermal-vapor-ablation-best-practice-recommendations-from-an-expert-panel-on-endoscopic-lung-volume-reduction
#20
Daniela Gompelmann, Pallav L Shah, Arschang Valipour, Felix J F Herth
Bronchoscopic thermal vapor ablation (BTVA) represents one of the endoscopic lung volume reduction (ELVR) techniques that aims at hyperinflation reduction in patients with advanced emphysema to improve respiratory mechanics. By targeted segmental vapor ablation, an inflammatory response leads to tissue and volume reduction of the most diseased emphysematous segments. So far, BTVA has been demonstrated in several single-arm trials and 1 multinational randomized controlled trial to improve lung function, exercise capacity, and quality of life in patients with upper lobe-predominant emphysema irrespective of the collateral ventilation...
June 12, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
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