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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627019/identification-of-differentially-regulated-maize-proteins-conditioning-sugarcane-mosaic-virus-systemic-infection
#1
Hui Chen, Yanyong Cao, Yiqing Li, Zihao Xia, Jipeng Xie, John P Carr, Boming Wu, Zaifeng Fan, Tao Zhou
Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) is the most important cause of maize dwarf mosaic disease. To identify maize genes responsive to SCMV infection and that may be involved in pathogenesis, a comparative proteomic analysis was performed using the first and second systemically infected leaves (termed 1 SL and 2 SL, respectively). Seventy-one differentially expressed proteins were identified in 1 SL and 2 SL upon SCMV infection. Among them, eight proteins showed the same changing patterns in both 1 SL and 2 SL. Functional annotations of regulated proteins and measurement of photosynthetic activity revealed that photosynthesis was more inhibited and defensive gene expression more pronounced in 1 SL than in 2 SL...
June 19, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503359/maintaining-maternal-and-child-health-services-during-the-ebola-outbreak-experience-from-pujehun-sierra-leone
#2
GianLuca Quaglio, Damiano Pizzol, David Bome, Atiba Kebbie, Zainab Bangura, Vandi Massaquoi, Clara Frasson, Donata Dalla Riva, Giovanni Putoto
BACKGROUND: During the Ebola outbreak the overall confidence of the population in the national health system declined in Sierra Leone, with a reduction in the use of health services. The objective of this study is to provide information on understanding of how Ebola impacted maternal and child health services in Sierra Leone. Data come from an operational setting which is representative of the communities affected by the outbreak. METHODS: By integrating hospital registers and contact tracing form data with healthcare workers and local population interviews, the transmission chain was reconstructed...
June 2, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464433/linc00152-a-pivotal-oncogenic-long-non-coding-rna-in-human-cancers
#3
REVIEW
Yang Yu, Jian Yang, Quanpeng Li, Boming Xu, Yifan Lian, Lin Miao
In recent years, increasing evidence has shown the potential role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in multiple cancers. Deregulation of lncRNAs was detected being closely associated with many kinds of tumours where they can act as a tumour suppressor or accelerator. LINC00152 was identified as an oncogene involved in many kinds of cancers, such as gastric cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, colon cancer, gallbladder cancer and renal cell carcinoma. Moreover, inhibition of LINC00152 can suppress proliferation, migration and invasion of the cancer cells...
May 2, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370383/achieving-highly-efficient-nonfullerene-organic-solar-cells-with-improved-intermolecular-interaction-and-open-circuit-voltage
#4
Huifeng Yao, Long Ye, Junxian Hou, Bomee Jang, Guangchao Han, Yong Cui, Gregory M Su, Cheng Wang, Bowei Gao, Runnan Yu, Hao Zhang, Yuanping Yi, Han Young Woo, Harald Ade, Jianhui Hou
A new acceptor-donor-acceptor-structured nonfullerene acceptor ITCC (3,9-bis(4-(1,1-dicyanomethylene)-3-methylene-2-oxo-cyclopenta[b]thiophen)-5,5,11,11-tetrakis(4-hexylphenyl)-dithieno[2,3-d':2,3-d']-s-indaceno[1,2-b:5,6-b']-dithiophene) is designed and synthesized via simple end-group modification. ITCC shows improved electron-transport properties and a high-lying lowest unoccupied molecular orbital level. A power conversion efficiency of 11.4% with an impressive V OC of over 1 V is recorded in photovoltaic devices, suggesting that ITCC has great potential for applications in tandem organic solar cells...
June 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033284/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-patients-with-surgically-altered-anatomy-one-single-center-s-experience
#5
Fei Wang, Boming Xu, Quanpeng Li, Xiuhua Zhang, Guobing Jiang, Xianxiu Ge, Junjie Nie, Xiuyun Zhang, Ping Wu, Jie Ji, Lin Miao
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with surgically altered anatomy is challenging. Results of ERCP in those patients varied.The aim of our study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of various endoscopes-assisted ERCP in patients with surgically altered anatomy.Fifty-two patients with Billroth II reconstruction (group A), 20 patients with subtotal or total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis (group B), 25 patients with pancreatoduodenectomy or Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy reconstruction (group C) were included...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660827/involvement-of-camp-in-the-human-serum-induced-migration-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#6
Minji Lee, Wonyoung Koh, Bomee Kim, Hyeju Chung, Gahyang Cho, Haekwon Kim
Previously we observed that human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) could form aggregation during culture in the presence of human serum (HS). In the present study, we have examined if the aggregation might result from the cell migration and analyzed the difference of cell adhesivity after culture in various conditions. When cells were cultured in fetal bovine serum (FBS) alone, there was no morphological change. Similarly, cells pretreated with FBS for 1 day or cultured in a mixture of FBS and HS showed little change...
June 2016: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600932/highly-efficient-fullerene-free-polymer-solar-cells-fabricated-with-polythiophene-derivative
#7
Yunpeng Qin, Mohammad Afsar Uddin, Yu Chen, Bomee Jang, Kang Zhao, Zhong Zheng, Runnan Yu, Tae Joo Shin, Han Young Woo, Jianhui Hou
A highly efficient fullerene-free polymer solar cell (PSC) based on PDCBT, a polythiophene derivative substituted with alkoxycarbonyl, achieves an impressive power conversion efficiency of 10.16%, which is the best result in PSCs based on polythiophene derivatives to date. In comparison with a poly(3-hexylthiophene):ITIC-based device, the photovoltaic and morphological properties of the PDCBT:ITIC-based device are carefully investigated and interpreted.
November 2016: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213414/measurement-and-study-of-lidar-ratio-by-using-a-raman-lidar-in-central-china
#8
Wei Wang, Wei Gong, Feiyue Mao, Zengxin Pan, Boming Liu
We comprehensively evaluated particle lidar ratios (i.e., particle extinction to backscatter ratio) at 532 nm over Wuhan in Central China by using a Raman lidar from July 2013 to May 2015. We utilized the Raman lidar data to obtain homogeneous aerosol lidar ratios near the surface through the Raman method during no-rain nights. The lidar ratios were approximately 57 ± 7 sr, 50 ± 5 sr, and 22 ± 4 sr under the three cases with obviously different pollution levels. The haze layer below 1.8 km has a large particle extinction coefficient (from 5...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27060054/tio2-nanoparticles-in-the-marine-environment-physical-effects-responsible-for-the-toxicity-on-algae-phaeodactylum-tricornutum
#9
Yixiang Wang, Xiaoshan Zhu, Yongmin Lao, Xiaohui Lv, Yi Tao, Boming Huang, Jiangxin Wang, Jin Zhou, Zhonghua Cai
Nanoscale titanium dioxide (nTiO2) has been widely used in cosmetics, catalysts, varnishes, etc., which is raising concerns about its potential hazards to the ecosystem, including the marine environment. In this study, the toxicological effect of nTiO2 on the marine phytoplankton Phaeodactylum tricornutum was carefully investigated. The results showed that nTiO2 at concentrations ≥20mg/L could significantly inhibit P. tricornutum growth. The 5-day EC50 of nTiO2 to P. tricornutum growth is 167.71mg/L. Interestingly, nTiO2 was found to exert its most severe inhibition effects on the first day of exposure, at a lower EC50 of 12...
September 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27010728/an-elevated-preoperative-plasma-fibrinogen-level-is-associated-with-poor-overall-survival-in-chinese-gastric-cancer-patients
#10
Weijun Yu, Yongfeng Wang, Boming Shen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between preoperative plasma fibrinogen level and overall survival (OS) in a cohort of Chinese gastric cancer patients who underwent gastrectomy. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among 1090 gastric cancer patients treated between January 2003 and December 2011 who were eligible for inclusion criteria. Plasma fibrinogen level was routinely measured before surgeries. The optional cut-off value for fibrinogen level was estimated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis...
2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26972164/intraguild-predation-between-amblyseius-swirskii-and-two-native-chinese-predatory-mite-species-and-their-development-on-intraguild-prey
#11
Yingwei Guo, Jiale Lv, Xiaohuan Jiang, Boming Wang, Yulin Gao, Endong Wang, Xuenong Xu
Amblyseius swirskii, native to the east and southeast Mediterranean region, is a successful biological control agent of whiteflies. In this study, we investigated intraguild predations (IGP) between each stage of A. swirskii and each stage of two Phytoseiid species that occur in China, Amblyseius orientalis and Neoseiulus californicus. When there was no whitefly egg provided as the extraguild prey, IGP between A. swirskii and A. orientalis, and between A. swirskii and N. californicus, was observed in 10 and 20 out of 35 combinations, respectively...
March 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895502/tea-tree-oil-nanoemulsions-for-inhalation-therapies-of-bacterial-and-fungal-pneumonia
#12
Miao Li, Lifei Zhu, Boming Liu, Lina Du, Xiaodong Jia, Li Han, Yiguang Jin
Tea tree oil (TTO) is a natural essential oil with strong antimicrobial efficacy and little drug resistance. However, the biomedical applications of TTO are limited due to its hydrophobicity and formulation problems. Here, we prepared an inhalable TTO nanoemulsion (nanoTTO) for local therapies of bacterial and fungal pneumonia. The optimal formulation of nanoTTOs consisted of TTO/Cremophor EL/water with a mean size of 12.5nm. The nanoTTOs showed strong in vitro antimicrobial activities on Escherichia coli, Acinetobacter baumannii, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans...
May 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26607790/the-2014-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-pujehun-sierra-leone-epidemiology-and-impact-of-interventions
#13
Marco Ajelli, Stefano Parlamento, David Bome, Atiba Kebbi, Andrea Atzori, Clara Frasson, Giovanni Putoto, Dante Carraro, Stefano Merler
BACKGROUND: In July 2014, an outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) started in Pujehun district, Sierra Leone. On January 10th, 2015, the district was the first to be declared Ebola-free by local authorities after 49 cases and a case fatality rate of 85.7%. The Pujehun outbreak represents a precious opportunity for improving the body of work on the transmission characteristics and effects of control interventions during the 2014-2015 EVD epidemic in West Africa. METHODS: By integrating hospital registers and contact tracing form data with healthcare worker and local population interviews, we reconstructed the transmission chain and investigated the key time periods of EVD transmission...
2015: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26474734/bowel-occult-microscopic-endometriosis-in-resection-margins-in-deep-colorectal-endometriosis-specimens-has-no-impact-on-short-term-postoperative-outcomes
#14
Horace Roman, Clotilde Hennetier, Basma Darwish, Alexandra Badescu, Marie Csanyi, Moutaz Aziz, Jean-Jacques Tuech, Carole Abo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of bowel occult microscopic endometriosis (BOME) implants on postoperative outcomes in patients treated with colorectal resection for deep infiltrating digestive endometriosis. DESIGN: Prospective series of consecutive patients with deep colorectal endometriosis managed by colorectal resection in our department from June 2009 to November 2014 and enrolled in the CIRENDO database (NCT02294825). SETTING: University tertiary referral center...
February 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26436422/prey-preference-and-life-table-of-amblyseius-orientalis-on-bemisia-tabaci-and-tetranychus-cinnabarinus
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Xiaoxiao Zhang, Jiale Lv, Yue Hu, Boming Wang, Xi Chen, Xuenong Xu, Endong Wang
Amblyseius orientalis (Ehara) (Acari: Phytoseiidae) is a native predatory mite species in China. It used to be considered as a specialist predator of spider mites. However, recent studies show it also preys on other small arthropod pests, such as Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Experiments were conducted to investigate (1) prey preference of A. orientalis between Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisd.) (Acari: Tetranychidae) and B. tabaci, and (2) development, consumption and life table parameters of A...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26232096/the-diabetes-gene-zfp69-modulates-hepatic-insulin-sensitivity-in-mice
#16
Bomee Chung, Mandy Stadion, Nadja Schulz, Deepak Jain, Stephan Scherneck, Hans-Georg Joost, Annette Schürmann
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Zfp69 was previously identified by positional cloning as a candidate gene for obesity-associated diabetes. C57BL/6J and New Zealand obese (NZO) mice carry a loss-of-function mutation due to the integration of a retrotransposon. On the NZO background, the Zfp69 locus caused severe hyperglycaemia and loss of beta cells. To provide direct evidence for a causal role of Zfp69, we investigated the effects of its overexpression on both a lean [B6-Tg(Zfp69)] and an obese [NZO/B6-Tg(Zfp69)] background...
October 2015: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26127025/organization-of-inner-cellular-components-as-reported-by-a-viscosity-sensitive-fluorescent-bodipy-probe-suitable-for-phasor-approach-to-flim
#17
Gianmarco Ferri, Luca Nucara, Tarita Biver, Antonella Battisti, Giovanni Signore, Ranieri Bizzarri
According to the recent developments in imaging strategies and in tailoring fluorescent molecule as probe for monitoring biological systems, we coupled a Bodipy-based molecular rotor (BoMe) with FLIM phasor approach to evaluate the viscosity in different intracellular domains. BoMe rapidly permeates cells, stains cytoplasmic as well as nuclear domains, and its optical properties make it perfectly suited for widely diffused confocal microscopy imaging setups. The capability of BoMe to report on intracellular viscosity was put to the test by using a cellular model of a morbid genetic pathology (Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome, HGPS)...
January 2016: Biophysical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26068948/ercp-induced-duodenal-perforation-successfully-treated-with-endoscopic-purse-string-suture-a-case-report
#18
Quanpeng Li, Jie Ji, Fei Wang, Xianxiu Ge, Junjie Nie, Boming Xu, Xiuhua Zhang, Guobing Jiang, Lin Miao
Duodenal perforation is one of the most serious complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and is difficult to manage. Recently, endoscopic purse-string suture, using endoloops with endoclips, is a relatively new technology and has provided good clinical results. However, the study and use of endoscopic purse-string suture on duodenal perforation is less and its feasibility and safety are unknown. Here, we report a case of ERCP-induced duodenal perforation successfully treated with endoscopic purse-string suture...
July 10, 2015: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25680217/automatic-learning-of-fine-operating-rules-for-online-power-system-security-control
#19
Hongbin Sun, Feng Zhao, Hao Wang, Kang Wang, Weiyong Jiang, Qinglai Guo, Boming Zhang, Louis Wehenkel
Fine operating rules for security control and an automatic system for their online discovery were developed to adapt to the development of smart grids. The automatic system uses the real-time system state to determine critical flowgates, and then a continuation power flow-based security analysis is used to compute the initial transfer capability of critical flowgates. Next, the system applies the Monte Carlo simulations to expected short-term operating condition changes, feature selection, and a linear least squares fitting of the fine operating rules...
August 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25658166/prevalence-of-use-and-acute-toxicity-associated-with-the-use-of-nbome-drugs
#20
David M Wood, Roumen Sedefov, Andrew Cunningham, Paul I Dargan
INTRODUCTION: The 25X-NBOMe series are N-2-methoxybenzyl analogues of the respective 2C-X substituted phenethylamine and include 25B-N(BOMe)2, 25B-NBOMe, 25C-NBOMe, 25D-NBOMe, 25E-NBOMe, 25G-NBOMe, 25H-NBOMe, 25I-NBOMe, 25N-NBOMe and 25iP-NBOMe. There are reports of their use as novel psychoactive substances and associated acute toxicity from Europe, the United States and elsewhere over the last five years. This review will discuss the epidemiology of use and pattern of acute toxicity associated with use of these compounds...
February 2015: Clinical Toxicology
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