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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323523/rapid-dna-vaccination-against-burkholderia-pseudomallei-flagellin-by-tattoo-or-intranasal-application
#1
Jacqueline M Lankelma, Alex Wagemakers, Emma Birnie, Bastiaan W Haak, Jos J A Trentelman, Tassili A F Weehuizen, Jasmin Ersöz, Joris J T H Roelofs, Joppe W Hovius, W Joost Wiersinga, Adriaan D Bins
Melioidosis is a severe infectious disease with a high mortality that is endemic in South-East Asia and Northern Australia. The causative pathogen, Burkholderia pseudomallei, is listed as potential bioterror weapon due to its high virulence and potential for easy dissemination. Currently, there is no licensed vaccine for prevention of melioidosis. Here, we explore the use of rapid plasmid DNA vaccination against B. pseudomallei flagellin for protection against respiratory challenge. We tested three flagellin DNA vaccines with different subcellular targeting designs...
March 21, 2017: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288469/individual-risk-and-prevention-of-complications-doctors-advice-to-persons-wishing-a-new-tattoo
#2
Jørgen Serup
Doctors who are consulted about health and tattoo risks have an important role in the prevention of an individual's tattoo complications. Tattooing is a tremendous exposure of the human body to needle operation, particles, and chemicals. The risk is related to a person's health condition, level of insight, decision-making, and to the operation of tattooing, tattoo inks and utensils, tattoo parlour, and the aftercare. Tattooing is painful minor surgery performed without anesthesia. It can be associated with syncope...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288465/atlas-of-illustrative-cases-of-tattoo-complications
#3
Jørgen Serup
Tattoos, and tattoo complications as well, are colorful and visually flashy. A clinical outlook provides important clues to diagnosis by pattern recognition. This atlas,which is a report of 79 case illustrations, is made as a practical tool and vade mecum for the clinician. The atlas can be used in the office and as a bedside tool. It includes characteristic photos, and each case is accompanied with a brief medical history, a comment with learning points, the final diagnosis, and a review of therapeutic options...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288459/new-and-advanced-picosecond-lasers-for-tattoo-removal
#4
Maurice A Adatto, Ruthie Amir, Jayant Bhawalkar, Rafael Sierra, Richard Bankowski, Doran Rozen, Christine Dierickx, Moshe Lapidoth
Early methods of tattoo removal ultimately resulted in unacceptable cosmetic outcomes. While the introduction of laser technology was an improvement over the existing chemical, mechanical, and surgical procedures, the use of nonselective tattoo removal with carbon dioxide and argon lasers led to scarring. Q-switched lasers with nanosecond (10-9) pulse domains were considered to have revolutionized tattoo treatment, by selectively heating the tattoo particles, while reducing the adverse sequelae to adjacent normal skin...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288455/diagnostic-tools-for-doctors-evaluation-of-tattoo-complications
#5
Jørgen Serup
Diagnosis of tattoo complications is a multi-facetted field since many clinical entities and disease mechanisms are represented. Infections, allergies, and pigment foreign body reactions with granuloma are the major groups. The clinician needs a structured approach to diagnosis and an armamentarium of standard tests. Diagnosis primarily builds on patient history, objective clinical examination, and punch biopsy, supplemented with microbiology testing, ultrasound scanning, and clinical photography. Evaluation of allergic tattoo reactions and allergy to pigments by patch testing is not applicable and has a falsely negative outcome except for the diagnosis of allergy to metals and preservatives...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288453/medical-treatment-of-tattoo-complications
#6
Jørgen Serup
Tattooing is a skin trauma and involves a special vulnus punctatum (with inserted tattoo ink, a vulnus venenatum), which should heal with no infection and no local complication. Local treatment in the healing phase ideally builds on the 'moist wound' principle using plastic film, hydrocolloids, silver dressing, and compression. Bacterial infections during healing are treated with oral antibiotics, and a list of first-line antibiotics is proposed. Notice is given to severe infections with affected general condition, and it is emphasized that intravenous antibiotic treatment must be instituted as early as possible to prevent septic shock and death...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288450/laser-treatment-of-tattoos-basic-principles
#7
Wolfgang Bäumler
Tattooing has become very popular worldwide during the past decades, and millions of people have one or many tattoos at different anatomical sites. The color of tattoos is mainly black, followed by red, green, blue, and other colors. A part of the tattooed people regret tattooing or have permanent problems with tattoos and therefore seek for tattoo removal. Tattoos consist of solid pigment particles in the skin. Thus, tattoo removal requires fragmentation of these permanently incorporated particles. The gold standard of tattoo removal is laser therapy...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273390/purpureocillium-lilacinum-tattoo-related-skin-infection-in-a-kidney-transplant-recipient
#8
Sonya A Trinh, Michael P Angarone
Purpureocillium lilacinum is an emerging pathogenic mold among immunocompromised hosts that causes cutaneous infections related to skin breakdown. We present the first reported case of P. lilacinum tattoo-related skin infection, to our knowledge. A kidney transplant recipient recently treated for acute cellular rejection presented with skin papules overlying a tattoo. Diagnosis was confirmed on culture, histology, and 18s ribosomal RNA polymerase chain reaction. The morphological features on culture characteristic of P...
March 8, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272073/looking-beyond-the-cosmetic-tattoo-lesion-near-the-eyebrow-screening-the-lungs
#9
F Fatemi Naeini, M Pourazizi, B Abtahi-Naeini, A Saffaei, F Bagheri
Cosmetic tattooing has become a risk factor for several adverse reactions related to inks, procedures, and associated clinical conditions. Development of a sarcoid reaction to the inserted tattoo pigment in the skin is not common. We report a 45 year-old patient with history of dyspnea and mild cough since two years who had subsequently developed reddish, scaly lesions in her 15-year old tattoo done near her right eyebrow. Skin biopsy of the tattoo lesion revealed cutaneous sarcoidosis which led to further investigations and a diagnosis of pulmonary sarcoidosis...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270308/tattoos-very-popular-not-so-innocent
#10
REVIEW
María Daniela Hermida, Hugo Néstor Cabrera
Tattooing is a popular practice worldwide. Its origin dates back to the year 5000 BCE with a frozen mummy and travels across time through diverse cultures and places until it reaches the modern occidental world. Inks and materials used for tattooing are poorly controlled and carry potential risks of skin reactions. The procedure itself is also not innocuous. In this review, different types of tattoos are mentioned and associated dermatologic conditions are discussed. Unfortunately, treatment and removal procedures are often poor in effectiveness and lead to unwanted results...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269132/kinect2-respiratory-movement-detection-study
#11
Sandy Rihana, Elie Younes, Dimitris Visvikis, Hadi Fayad
Radiotherapy is one of the main cancer treatments. It consists in irradiating tumor cells to destroy them while sparing healthy tissue. The treatment is planned based on Computed Tomography (CT) and is delivered over fractions during several days. One of the main challenges is replacing patient in the same position every day to irradiate the tumor volume while sparing healthy tissues. Many patient positioning techniques are available. They are both invasive and not accurate performed using tattooed marker on the patient's skin aligned with a laser system calibrated in the treatment room or irradiating using X-ray...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261218/the-t-cell-response-to-the-contact-sensitizer-paraphenylenediamine-is-characterized-by-a-polyclonal-diverse-repertoire-of-antigen-specific-receptors
#12
Theres Oakes, Amy Lee Popple, Jason Williams, Katharine Best, James M Heather, Mazlina Ismail, Gavin Maxwell, Nichola Gellatly, Rebecca J Dearman, Ian Kimber, Benny Chain
Paraphenylenediamine (PPD) is a common component of hair dyes and black henna tattoos and can cause skin sensitization and allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). The cutaneous inflammatory reaction associated with ACD is driven by both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. However, the characteristics of such responses with respect to clonal breadth and magnitude are poorly defined. In this study, we have characterized the in vitro recall response of peripheral blood T cells prepared from PPD-allergic individuals to a PPD-human serum albumin (HSA) conjugate (PPD-HSA)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240705/skin-tattoos-alter-sweat-rate-and-na-concentration
#13
Maurie Joe Luetkemeier, Joseph Michael Hanisko, Kyle Mathiew Aho
The popularity of tattoos has increased tremendously in the last 10-years particularly among athletes and military personnel. The tattooing process involves permanently depositing ink under the skin at a similar depth as eccrine sweat glands (3-5 mm). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the sweat rate and sweat Na concentration of tattooed vs. non-tattooed skin. METHODS: The participants were 10 healthy males (age = 21 ± 1 yr) all with a unilateral tattoo covering a circular area at least 5...
February 25, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227361/kinect2-respiratory-movement-detection-study
#14
Sandy Rihana, Elie Younes, Dimitris Visvikis, Hadi Fayad, Sandy Rihana, Elie Younes, Dimitris Visvikis, Hadi Fayad, Sandy Rihana, Elie Younes, Dimitris Visvikis, Hadi Fayad
Radiotherapy is one of the main cancer treatments. It consists in irradiating tumor cells to destroy them while sparing healthy tissue. The treatment is planned based on Computed Tomography (CT) and is delivered over fractions during several days. One of the main challenges is replacing patient in the same position every day to irradiate the tumor volume while sparing healthy tissues. Many patient positioning techniques are available. They are both invasive and not accurate performed using tattooed marker on the patient's skin aligned with a laser system calibrated in the treatment room or irradiating using X-ray...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220911/national-survey-of-health-in-the-tattoo-industry-observational-study-of-448-french-tattooists
#15
Nicolas Kluger
OBJECTIVES: The data regarding the health of professional tattooists is inexistent. Tattooists are usually heavily tattooed and exposed daily to body fluids and skin-to-skin contacts with customers, tattoo inks, solvents, allergens, irritants, and work for hours often in inadequate positions using vibrating tattoo machines. We analyzed the health status of active French professional tattooists. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational self-reported Internet survey was performed among 448 tattooists who were members of the French Tattoo Union in November 2013...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166524/papulo-nodular-reactions-in-black-tattoos-as-markers-of-sarcoidosis-study-of-92-tattoo-reactions-from-a-hospital-material
#16
Mitra Sepehri, Katrina Hutton Carlsen, Jørgen Serup
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sarcoidosis is, from historical data, suggested to be more prevalent among patients with tattoo reactions. We aimed to evaluate this association in a systematic study. METHODS: This is a consecutive study of patients with tattoo complications, diagnosed in the "Tattoo Clinic" at Bispebjerg University Hospital in Copenhagen, Denmark, from 2008 to 2015, based on clinical assessment and histology. From the overall group of 494 tattoo complications in 406 patients, 92 reactions in 72 patients showed a papulo-nodular pattern studied for local and systemic sarcoidosis, since sarcoidosis is expected to be nodular...
February 7, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149254/assessing-burn-depth-in-tattooed-burn-lesions-with-lasca-imaging
#17
N Krezdorn, A Limbourg, F J Paprottka, Könneker, R Ipaktchi, P M Vogt
Tattoos are on the rise, and so are patients with tattooed burn lesions. A proper assessment with regard to burn depth is often impeded by the tattoo dye. Laser speckle contrast analysis (LASCA) is a technique that evaluates burn lesions via relative perfusion analysis. We assessed the effect of tattoo skin pigmentation on LASCA perfusion imaging in a multicolour tattooed patient. Depth of burn lesions in multi-coloured tattooed and untattooed skin was assessed using LASCA. Relative perfusion was measured in perfusion units (PU) and compared to various pigment colours, then correlated with the clinical evaluation of the lesion...
September 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138959/growing-trend-of-tattooing-and-its-complications-in-nigeria
#18
REVIEW
Olusola O Ayanlowo, Shakirat A Gold-Olufadi, Ayesha O Akinkugbe, Erere Otrofanowei, Charles N Nga, Yetunde M Olumide
Tattoo, a Polynesian word meaning 'to mark', is a form of body modification done by inserting indelible ink into the dermis to change its pigmentation. Tattoos are done for social, cultural, and religious purposes. It has been in existence since the 18th century and was associated with sailors, lower class individuals, and criminals. However, since the late 20th century, tattooing has undergone a redefinition and shifted to an acceptable form of expression all over the world, including Nigeria, cutting across almost all age groups and socioeconomic class...
January 31, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121870/excess-dermal-tissue-remodeling-in-vivo-does-it-settle
#19
Tripp Leavitt, Michael S Hu, Elizabeth R Zielins, Leandra A Barnes, Clement D Marshall, Derrick C Wan, H Peter Lorenz, Geoffrey C Gurtner, Michael T Longaker
BACKGROUND: Surgical manipulation of skin may result in undesired puckering of excess tissue, which is generally assumed to settle over time. In this article, the authors address the novel question of how this excess tissue remodels. METHODS: Purse-string sutures (6-0 nylon) were placed at the midline dorsum of 22 wild-type BALB/c mice in a circular pattern marked with tattoo ink. Sutures were cinched and tied under tension in the treatment group, creating an excess tissue deformity, whereas control group sutures were tied without tension...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107605/creating-immunocompromised-districts
#20
K Ramey, J Ibrahim, R T Brodell
We read the letter to the editor, Viral warts and seborrheic keratosis on tattoos: a review of 9 cases with great interest.(1) Dermatologists see only what they know! Once we recognized the possibility that warts might grow preferentially in black and blue tattoo dye, we collected 7 cases over a 10-year period from one solo private practice. In this report, a patient with a pre-existing viral wart on skin adjacent to a new tattoo appears to have preferentially spread onto the immunocompromised district (Ruocco, 2009)(2) created by black ink nanoparticles...
January 20, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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