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nano forensic

Carlos Cardoso-Palacios, Ingela Lanekoff
Counterfeit pharmaceutical drugs imply an increasing threat to the global public health. It is necessary to have systems to control the products that reach the market and to detect falsified medicines. In this work, molecules in several pharmaceutical tablets were directly analyzed using nanospray desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (nano-DESI MS). Nano-DESI is an ambient surface sampling technique which enables sampling of molecules directly from the surface of the tablets without any sample pretreatment...
2016: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Lorenzo Teodonio, Mauro Missori, Dominika Pawcenis, Joanna Łojewska, Francesco Valle
Mapping the morphological and nano-mechanical properties of cellulose fibers within paper sheets or textile products at the nano-scale level by using atomic force microscopy is a challenging task due to the huge surface level variation of these materials. However this task is fundamental for applications in forensic or cultural heritage sciences and for the industrial characterization of materials. In order to correlate between nano-mechanical properties and local nanometer scale morphology of different layers of cellulose fibers, a new strategy to prepare samples of isolated cellulose fibers was designed...
October 5, 2016: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
M de la Puente, C Santos, M Fondevila, L Manzo, Á Carracedo, M V Lareu, C Phillips
A 31-plex SNaPshot assay, named 'Global AIMs Nano', has been developed by reassembling the most differentiated markers of the EUROFORGEN Global AIM-SNP set. The SNPs include three tri-allelic loci and were selected with the goal of maintaining a balanced differentiation of: Africans, Europeans, East Asians, Oceanians and Native Americans. The Global AIMs Nano SNP set provides higher divergence between each of the five continental population groups than previous small-scale AIM sets developed for forensic ancestry analysis with SNaPshot...
May 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Tae-Yi Kang, Joong Lee, Byung-Wook Park
This paper describes the application of the atomic force microscopy (AFM) as a nano-indentation method and introduces a new method of identifying the chronological order of the application of the toner and stamping ink on the surface of documents by removing either of them. Various toners were used as samples for the AFM nano-indentation method. The chronological order of the application of the toner and stamping ink with either the toner placed over the stamping ink or the stamping ink placed over the toner, could be identified, regardless of the kinds of toners made by various companies...
April 2016: Forensic Science International
Eun Young Lee, Hwan Young Lee, Se Yoon Oh, Sang-Eun Jung, In Seok Yang, Yang-Han Lee, Woo Ick Yang, Kyoung-Jin Shin
The application of next-generation sequencing (NGS) to forensic genetics is being explored by an increasing number of laboratories because of the potential of high-throughput sequencing for recovering genetic information from multiple markers and multiple individuals in a single run. A cumbersome and technically challenging library construction process is required for NGS. In this study, we propose a simplified library preparation method for mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis that involves two rounds of PCR amplification...
May 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Andreas Thomas, Paul Brinkkötter, Wilhelm Schänzer, Mario Thevis
The misuse of insulin for performance enhancement in sport or as toxic agent has frequently been reported in the past. In contrast to synthetic insulin analogues, the administration of recombinant human insulin is hardly recognized by mass spectrometry. The present study was designed to uncover the misuse of recombinant human insulin for doping control purposes as well as for forensic applications. It is hypothesized that an altered metabolite profile of circulating insulin prevails after subcutaneous administration due to exposure of insulin to epidermal proteases...
October 15, 2015: Analytica Chimica Acta
Pradyumna Mulpur, Sairam Yadavilli, Praharsha Mulpur, Neeharika Kondiparthi, Bishwambhar Sengupta, Apparao M Rao, Ramakrishna Podila, Venkataramaniah Kamisetti
The relatively low sensitivity of fluorescence detection schemes, which are mainly limited by the isotropic nature of fluorophore emission, can be overcome by utilizing surface plasmon coupled emission (SPCE). In this study, we demonstrate directional emission from fluorophores on flexible Ag-C60 SPCE sensor platforms for point-of-care sensing, in healthcare and forensic sensing scenarios, with at least 10 times higher sensitivity than traditional fluorescence sensing schemes. Adopting the highly sensitive Ag-C60 SPCE platform based on glass and novel low-cost flexible substrates, we report the unambiguous detection of acid-fast Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) bacteria at densities as low as 20 Mtb mm(-2); from non-acid-fast bacteria (e...
October 14, 2015: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Ali Boojaria, Mahboubeh Masrournia, Hamideh Ghorbani, Abdolhossein Ebrahimitalab, Mina Miandarhoie
In this paper we report a novel, sensitive, and rapid method of magnetic solid phase extraction based on surface modified magnetic nanoparticles as a novel nano sorbent for HPLC determination of morphine with diode array detection in human hair samples. Factors affecting the extraction efficiency of the proposed method, including the sample pH, quantity of magnetic nanoparticles, sample volume, desorption solvent type and its volume, and extraction time were investigated and optimized. Under the optimized experimental conditions, a good linearity was observed in the range of 1-800 µgL(-1) for the morphine, with a correlation coefficient (R (2)) of 0...
December 2015: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma
In this work, a sensitive and selective electrochemical sensor for detection of prostate specific antigen (PSA) was developed using surface imprinting and nanotechnology. The multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) decorated with manganese nanoparticles was functionalized with thio-group to make a nano-iniferter. This nano-iniferter was used as a platform to synthesize a three-dimensional molecularly imprinted polymer matrix for PSA by controlled radical polymerization technique. The PSA-sensor displayed good analytical performance for the detection of PSA by square wave and differential pulse stripping voltammetric techniques...
April 15, 2015: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Taryn Guinan, Paul Kirkbride, Paul E Pigou, Maurizio Ronci, Hilton Kobus, Nicolas H Voelcker
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry (MS) is an excellent analytical technique for the rapid and sensitive analysis of macromolecules (>700 Da), such as peptides, proteins, nucleic acids, and synthetic polymers. However, the detection of smaller organic molecules with masses below 700 Da using MALDI-MS is challenging due to the appearance of matrix adducts and matrix fragment peaks in the same spectral range. Recently, nanostructured substrates have been developed that facilitate matrix-free laser desorption ionization (LDI), contributing to an emerging analytical paradigm referred to as surface-assisted laser desorption ionization (SALDI) MS...
November 2015: Mass Spectrometry Reviews
Tan Sui, Michael A Sandholzer, Eric Le Bourhis, Nikolaos Baimpas, Gabriel Landini, Alexander M Korsunsky
The knowledge of the mechanical properties of dental materials related to their hierarchical structure is essential for understanding and predicting the effect of microstructural alterations on the performance of dental tissues in the context of forensic and archaeological investigation as well as laser irradiation treatment of caries. So far, few studies have focused on the nano-scale structure-mechanical function relations of human teeth altered by chemical or thermal treatment. The response of dental tissues to thermal treatment is thought to be strongly affected by the mineral crystallite size, their spatial arrangement and preferred orientation...
April 2014: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Adam B Hall, Stephen L Coy, Erkinjon Nazarov, Paul Vouros
Clinical and forensic toxicology laboratories are inundated with thousands of samples requiring lengthy chromatographic separations prior to mass spectrometry. Here, we employ differential mobility spectrometry (DMS) interfaced to nano-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry to provide a rapid ion filtration technique for the separation of ions in gas phase media prior to mass spectral analysis on a DMS-integrated AB SCIEX API 3000 triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer. DMS is efficient at the rapid separation of ions under ambient conditions and provides many advantages when used as an ion filtration technique in tandem with mass spectrometry (MS) and MS/MS...
September 1, 2012: International Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry
Tegan E Collins, Renee Ottens, Kaye N Ballantyne, Nano Nagle, Julianne Henry, Duncan Taylor, Michael G Gardner, Alison J Fitch, Amanda Goodman, Roland A H van Oorschot, R John Mitchell, Adrian Linacre
Y-chromosome short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) are used in forensic science laboratories all over the world, as their application is wide and often vital in solving casework. Analysis of an in-house database of South Australian self-declared Aboriginal males held by Forensic Science South Australia (FSSA) using the Applied Biosystem's AmpFℓSTR® Yfiler™ PCR Amplification Kit revealed 43 variant Y-STR alleles at 6 of the 17 loci. All variant alleles were sequenced to determine the exact repeat structure for each...
January 2014: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Sébastien Moret, Andy Bécue, Christophe Champod
The use of quantum dots (QDs) in the area of fingermark detection is currently receiving a lot of attention in the forensic literature. Most of the research efforts have been devoted to cadmium telluride (CdTe) quantum dots often applied as powders to the surfaces of interests. Both the use of cadmium and the nano size of these particles raise important issues in terms of health and safety. This paper proposes to replace CdTe QDs by zinc sulphide QDs doped with copper (ZnS:Cu) to address these issues. Zinc sulphide-copper doped QDs were successfully synthesized, characterized in terms of size and optical properties and optimized to be applied for the detection of impressions left in blood, where CdTe QDs proved to be efficient...
January 10, 2013: Forensic Science International
Chunping Wu, Allison L Dill, Livia S Eberlin, R Graham Cooks, Demian R Ifa
Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) has emerged as an important tool in the last decade and it is beginning to show potential to provide new information in many fields owing to its unique ability to acquire molecularly specific images and to provide multiplexed information, without the need for labeling or staining. In MSI, the chemical identity of molecules present on a surface is investigated as a function of spatial distribution. In addition to now standard methods involving MSI in vacuum, recently developed ambient ionization techniques allow MSI to be performed under atmospheric pressure on untreated samples outside the mass spectrometer...
May 2013: Mass Spectrometry Reviews
Qiang Li, Tian Qiu, Hongxia Hao, Hong Zhou, Tongzhou Wang, Ye Zhang, Xin Li, Guoliang Huang, Jing Cheng
A deep ultraviolet-visible (DUV-Vis) reflected optical fiber sensor was developed for use in a simple spectrophotometric detection system to detect the absorption of various illegal drugs at wavelengths between 180 and 800 nm. Quantitative analyses performed using the sensor revealed a high specificity and sensitivity for drug detection at a wavelength of approximately 200 nm. Using a double-absorption optical path length, extremely small sample volumes were used (32 to 160 nL), which allowed the use of minimal amounts of samples...
April 7, 2012: Analyst
Duncan Taylor, Nano Nagle, Kaye N Ballantyne, Roland A H van Oorschot, Stephen Wilcox, Julianne Henry, Rust Turakulov, R John Mitchell
Y-chromosome specific STR profiling is increasingly used in forensic casework. However, the strong geographic clustering of Y haplogroups can lead to large differences in Y-STR haplotype frequencies between different ethnicities, which may have an impact on database composition in admixed populations. Aboriginal people have inhabited Australia for over 40,000 years and until ∼300 years ago they lived in almost complete isolation. Since the late 18th century Australia has experienced massive immigration, mainly from Europe, although in recent times from more widespread origins...
September 2012: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Pankaj K Kanaujia, Deepak Pardasani, Ajay K Purohit, Vijay Tak, D K Dubey
Extraction, enrichment and gas chromatography mass spectrometric analysis of degradation products of nerve agents from water is of significant importance for verification of Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and gathering forensic evidence of use of nerve agents. Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were non-covalently functionalized with poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA) to afford the cationic functionalized nano-tubes, which were used as solid-phase anionic-exchanger sorbents to extract the acidic degradation products of nerve agents from water...
December 30, 2011: Journal of Chromatography. A
Bin Hu, Pui-Kin So, Huanwen Chen, Zhong-Ping Yao
Electrospray ionization (ESI) is a mass spectrometric technique widely used in various fields including chemistry, biology, medicine, pharmaceutical industry, clinical assessment, and forensic science. In this study, we report a simple and economical ESI-mass spectrometry (MS) technique, which makes use of disposable wooden tips (wooden toothpicks) for loading and ionization of samples. Samples could be loaded by normal pipetting onto the tip or simply dipping the tip into sample solutions. The hydrophilic and porous nature of wood allows effective adhesion of the sample solution for durable ion signals...
November 1, 2011: Analytical Chemistry
Andreas Thomas, Wilhelm Schänzer, Philippe Delahaut, Mario Thevis
For most peptide hormones prohibited in elite sports the concentrations in plasma or urine are very low (pg/mL). Accordingly, hyphenated purification and enrichment steps prior to mass spectrometric detection are required to obtain sufficient doping control assays. Immunoaffinity purification in combination with nano-scale liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution/high accuracy mass spectrometry was found to have the potential of providing the necessary sensitivity and unambiguous specificity to produce reliable results...
February 2012: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
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