keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

forensic medicin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819715/automatic-detection-of-hemorrhagic-pericardial-effusion-on-pmct-using-deep-learning-a-feasibility-study
#1
Lars C Ebert, Jakob Heimer, Wolf Schweitzer, Till Sieberth, Anja Leipner, Michael Thali, Garyfalia Ampanozi
Post mortem computed tomography (PMCT) can be used as a triage tool to better identify cases with a possibly non-natural cause of death, especially when high caseloads make it impossible to perform autopsies on all cases. Substantial data can be generated by modern medical scanners, especially in a forensic setting where the entire body is documented at high resolution. A solution for the resulting issues could be the use of deep learning techniques for automatic analysis of radiological images. In this article, we wanted to test the feasibility of such methods for forensic imaging by hypothesizing that deep learning methods can detect and segment a hemopericardium in PMCT...
August 18, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810069/homicide-rates-in-lithuania
#2
Sigitas Chmieliauskas, Sigitas Laima, Gerda Andriuskeviciute, Eleonora Jurolaic, Algimantas Jasulaitis
Homicide rate in Lithuania between 2004 and 2013 decreased and reached an average of 6.7 per 100,000 people in 2013. The data regarding forensic autopsies of intentional homicide victims were obtained from the State Forensic Medicine Service. Spearman's correlation test was used to assess trends in the homicide rates. A significant correlation was observed between homicide distribution and the following variables: Lithuania's gross domestic product (r = -0.85, p = 0.003), the number of alcohol intoxication cases of victims (r = 0...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806859/analysis-of-low-molecular-weight-compounds-using-maldi-and-ldi-tof-ms-direct-detection-of-active-pharmaceutical-ingredients-in-different-formulations
#3
João L Bronzel, Cintia D F Milagre, Humberto M S Milagre
Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-MS) is a high throughput, easy to use analytical technique. The simple sample preparation of this technique and its tolerance to the presence of contaminants are among its advantages. In contrast, depending on the matrix used, MALDI can ionize and generates ions in the low m/z range that complicate the interpretation of the spectra of low molecular weight compounds. To address this issue, one can envisage the use of tunable ionic matrices that can reduce the low m/z interferents...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800548/postmortem-blood-sampling-comparison-of-drug-concentrations-at-different-sample-sites
#4
B Zilg, G Thelander, B Giebe, H Druid
Drug concentrations in postmortem blood samples can differ considerably, depending on the sample site - a phenomenon named postmortem redistribution. In this study, blood samples from 48 cases of suspected intoxications were collected during autopsy at the Department of Forensic Medicine in Stockholm, Sweden. Samples were collected from the right and left heart, the carotid artery, jugular vein, external iliac artery and external iliac vein. The mean ratio of right heart/iliac vein was 1.3, which confirms the results from previous studies that drug concentrations in central blood are generally higher than in peripheral blood...
July 25, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795313/-autopsies-at-the-boundary-between-pathology-and-forensic-medicine-suggestions-for-interdisciplinary-cooperation
#5
REVIEW
T Riepert
There are many differences between forensic medicine and pathology but also many similarities, as they share a common basis. In this article the characteristics of the forensic autopsy and it's legal foundations are presented. Furthermore, possibilities are discussed for a cooperation between forensic medicine and pathology to increase the rate of autopsies. This could contribute to the legal certainty, to the quality assurance and to the training of physicians.
August 9, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781897/a-medicolegal-study-of-domestic-violence-in-south-region-of-jordan
#6
Hasan Al-Hawari, Asmaa El-Banna
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence is a forced pattern of behavior that happened in domestic settings to gain or maintain power and control over an individual. The aim of this work is to study the magnitude of domestic violence in south region of Jordan. METHODS: The retrospective study was retrieved from the medico-legal reports of domestic violence cases referred to the Directorate of Forensic Medicine in south region of Jordan during six years period starting from 1st of January 2010 till the end of December 2015...
2017: Egyptian journal of forensic sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766533/-the-results-of-the-scientific-and-practical-conference-the-topical-problems-of-forensic-medicine-and-medical-law-moscow-23-12-2016
#7
E K Barinov, D V Sundukov, O L Romanova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766531/-the-academic-discipline-forensic-medicine-as-an-important-component-of-the-training-of-dental-practitioners
#8
P O Romodanovsky, E Kh Barinov, V V Zharov, N A Mikheeva
The authors discuss the conceptual issues of the academic program designed to teach forensic medicine to the students of the stomatological faculties of educational medical institutions. The program has been elaborated in conformity with the federal state educational standard of higher professional education in the speciality stomatology'. It defines the goals and objectives of this discipline, the scope of its competences, the subject matter and the content, the requirements to the studies and educational work, control over the level of its success, academic progress, and other aspects of the training activities, with special emphasis being placed on the formation of the general professional competence of the students to enable them to work independently after they graduated from the institute...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764139/atlantooccipital-fusion-prevalence-and-its-developmental-and-clinical-correlation
#9
D K Sharma, Deepak Sharma, Vandana Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Atlantooccipital fusion or occipitalization of atlas or assimilation of atlas is a rare or uncommon abnormality recorded in anatomical, morphological and radiological studies. It is usually associated with reduction in dimensions of foramen magnum leading to acute or chronic neurovascular compression and clinical manifestations of varying severity. Though, atlantooccipital fusion is rare but it is important and significant for the physicians and surgeons for their diagnostic and therapeutic approach...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762454/use-of-trauma-scoring-systems-to-determine-the-physician-s-responsibility-in-cases-of-traumatic-death-with-medical-malpractice-claim
#10
Murat Nihat Arslan, Çisem Kertmen, Deniz Oğuzhan Melez, Durmuş Evcüman, Yalçın Büyük
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury is near the top of World Health Organization list of leading causes of death, and one of the major factors affecting mortality is the severity of the trauma. During medical intervention for trauma patients, some injuries may be overlooked, and this misstep may be the basis of a malpractice claim. The objective of this study was to provide a new approach to evaluating medical malpractice cases by discussing the benefits of the use of trauma scores. METHODS: Cases of alleged malpractice that were discussed and concluded between 2010 and 2013 were selected from the case archive of the General Committee of the Council of Forensic Medicine (GC of CFM)...
July 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759776/fatal-poisoning-by-butane-sniffing-a-forensic-analysis-and-immunohistochemical-detection-of-myocardial-hypoxic-damage
#11
Francesco Ventura, Rosario Barranco, Maria Celeste Landolfa, Massimo Gallo, Andrea Gianelli Castiglione, Giulio Fraternali Orcioni, Francesco De Stefano
Although less widespread than twenty years ago, inhalant abuse remains an on-going problem, whose incidence among U.S. teenagers and young adults ranges from 10 to 15%. Death due to the inhalation of vapor from halogenated hydrocarbons is a well-known phenomenon, yet few cases of fatal butane-gas poisoning have been described. Many cases of volatile substance abuse in prison populations have been reported: drug-addicted inmates often resort to this alternative practice when unable to get their habitual drugs of abuse...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759775/forensic-mental-health-evaluations-of-military-personnel-with-traumatic-life-event-in-a-university-hospital-in-ankara-turkey
#12
Huseyin Balandiz, Abdullah Bolu
INTRODUCTION: The definition of psychological trauma has been rephrased with the DSM-5. From now on, witnessing someone else's traumatic event is also accepted as a traumatic life event. Therefore, the psychiatric examination of forensic cases gains importance for not overlooking a psychiatric trauma. This research aims to discuss the psychiatric examinations of military personnel who had a traumatic life event and to reveal psychiatric states of soldiers after trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The forensic reports prepared at Gulhane Military Medical Academy (GMMA), Forensic Medicine polyclinic between January 1, 2011 and November 30, 2014 were examined, and among them the cases sent to GMMA Psychiatry polyclinic for psychiatric examination were analyzed retrospectively...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755253/as-solid-as-a-rock-comparison-of-ce-and-mps-based-analyses-of-the-petrosal-bone-as-a-source-of-dna-for-forensic-identification-of-challenging-cranial-bones
#13
Galina Kulstein, Thorsten Hadrys, Peter Wiegand
Short tandem repeat (STR) typing from skeletal remains can be a difficult task. Dependent on the environmental conditions of the provenance of the bones, DNA can be degraded and STR typing inhibited. Generally, dense and compact bones are known to preserve DNA better. Several studies already proved that femora and teeth have high DNA typing success rates. Unfortunately, these elements are not present in all cases involving skeletal remains. Processing partial or singular skeletal elements, it is favorable to select bone areas where DNA preservation is comparably higher...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732316/a-user-friendly-technical-set-up-for-infrared-photography-of-forensic-findings
#14
Thomas Rost, Nicole Kalberer, Eva Scheurer
Infrared photography is interesting for a use in forensic science and forensic medicine since it reveals findings that normally are almost invisible to the human eye. Originally, infrared photography has been made possible by the placement of an infrared light transmission filter screwed in front of the camera objective lens. However, this set-up is associated with many drawbacks such as the loss of the autofocus function, the need of an external infrared source, and long exposure times which make the use of a tripod necessary...
July 10, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731649/opinions-of-members-of-the-national-civil-family-proceedings-and-criminal-courts-in-withholding-or-withdrawing-of-life-support-situations-in-pediatrics
#15
Jorge O Selandari, María S Ciruzzi, Adriel J Roitman, Fernanda Ledesma, Célica Menéndez, Hernán O García
INTRODUCTION: The possibility of sustaining life functions makes it difficult to distinguish between a dying patient and a patient with chances of survival, raising a dilemma for everyone around them. On the one side, continuing with life support techniques that would only extend an irreversible process and result in physical and psychological damage and harm their dignity. On the other side, withholding or withdrawing life support without an adequate reflection and diagnostic-therapeutic effort which may lead to the death of a potentially recoverable child...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730221/usefulness-of-ultrastructure-studies-for-the-estimation-of-the-postmortem-interval-a-systematic-review
#16
Sorin Hostiuc, Mugurel Constantin Rusu, Vasile Sorin Mănoiu, Alexandra Diana Vrapciu, IonuŢ Negoi, Maria Viorela Popescu
Establishing the postmortem interval (PMI) is vital in legal medicine as it allows to retrospectively estimate the hour of death, which is essential for the police as a starting point for their inquiries (especially in violent deaths). Ultrastructure studies aimed specifically to detect autolytic changes are scarcely identified in the scientific literature. Moreover, they are performed in a variety of conditions (different temperatures, species, in vitro ÷ in situ, and so on), making the results difficult to interpret for legal medicine purposes...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719379/critical-evaluation-of-metallization-in-electric-injury
#17
Sigitas Laima, Jana Bytautaite, Sigitas Chmieliauskas, Dmitrij Fomin, Algimantas Jasulaitis, Arturas Jukna, Sandra Mazeikiene, Jurgita Stasiuniene
The article presents 3 forensic medicine cases in the field of electric injury. In addition to traditional findings in electric injury (electric mark and histological findings), the forensic medicine experts in Lithuania also perform an atomic absorption spectrometry analysis. This method confirms the effects of electric current to the body through the electric conductor. Typical macroscopic finding in the skin is electric mark. Histologically, the damaged skin possesses characteristic features of thermal burns...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714407/update-of-standard-practices-for-new-method-validation-in-forensic-toxicology
#18
Sarah M R Wille, Wim Coucke, Thierry De Baere, Frank T Peters
: International agreement concerning validation guidelines is important as reporting reliable analytical data is the backbone of forensic bioanalytical research and applications. Guidelines such as those provided by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the European Medicines Agency (EMA), the German speaking Gesellschaft für Toxikologie und Forensische Chemie (GTFCH) and the Scientific Working Group of Forensic Toxicology (SWGTOX) provide a standard for fundamental validation parameters such as selectivity, matrix effects, method limits, calibration, accuracy and stability, as well as other parameters such as carryover, dilution integrity and incurred sample reanalysis...
July 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713099/-giving-medico-legal-opinions-in-cases-with-suspicion-of-medical-mistake-part-1-between-medicine-and-justice
#19
Czesław Chowaniec, Małgorzata Chowaniec, Mateusz Wilk
Creating medico-legal opinion is a sophisticated investigative, analytical, decision-making and creative process. Forensic medicine specialist in cooperation with clinical medicine consultants, on the basis of evidence analysis, which was gathered during procedures and contained in the acts has to create an objective and essential opinion. This opinion is a vital, very important and irreplaceable proof in every case. Judicial body consults with forensic medicine specialist or specialists if there are circumstances for settlement of which there is a need of classified informations - art...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709048/intentional-burn-injury-assessment-of-allegations-of-self-infliction
#20
Juliet Cohen, Jo Pettitt, Emily Wilbourn
This study investigates the question of whether there is evidence that suggests the possibility of self-infliction, or self-infliction by proxy, of burn injury among a group of asylum claimants in the UK who have attributed such injuries to torture, and how such evidence might be assessed. The question arose from the observations of doctors at the UK-based charity Freedom from Torture that increasing numbers of individuals from Sri Lanka who described a history of torture had suffered severe and disfiguring burn injuries from heated metal objects, and the suggestion from asylum decision-makers that in some cases such injuries could have been acquired deliberately by self-infliction or self-infliction by proxy rather than by torture as claimed...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
keyword
keyword
44512
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"