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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231027/-research-progress-on-forensic-dentistry
#1
REVIEW
F Liu, Y H Dang
Forensic dentistry is an interdiscipline of forensic medicine and stomatology, which provides legal information by collecting, testing and assessing the dental evidence scientifically. In this review, the present application of forensic dentistry has been described, such as the estimation of age, sex, species, occupation and living habit, as well as the identification of individual, domestic violence or abuse, which aims to enrich and improve forensic dentistry for making it be more useful in forensic medicine even in juridical practice...
April 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231011/-research-progress-of-the-relationship-between-sunds-and-osahs
#2
REVIEW
Y D Wu, L Y Zhang, J D Cheng
Sudden unexplained nocturnal death syndrome (SUNDS) is always a difficulty in forensic medicine researches. Although the development of molecular genetics promotes the etiologic study of SUNDS, the pathogenesis of most such cases is still unclear. Sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is one of the common forms of sleep disorders, and obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is the most common. In recent years, some domestic and international researches show that OSAHS is related to the development of cardiovascular disease, which may cause cardiac arrhythmia, even sudden death...
February 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231008/-significance-of-hypoxia-related-microrna-for-estimating-the-cause-of-mechanical-asphyxia-death
#3
REVIEW
Y Zeng, J L Ma, L Chen
Under hypoxia condition, microRNA (miRNA) can interact with transcription factors for regulating the cell metabolism, angiogenesis, erythropoiesis, cellular proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The biological processes above may play an important role in mechanical asphyxia death. This article reviews the regulating function of miRNA under hypoxia condition and the influence of hypoxia to biosynthesis of miRNA, which may provide some new ideas to the research of miRNA on determining the cause of mechanical asphyxia death in the field of forensic medicine...
February 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230984/-forensic-application-of-objective-assessment-on-visual-acuity-by-erp
#4
B Luo, M M Ji, H H Meng, X P Chen, L Y Tao
OBJECTIVES: To explore the composition characteristic of event related potential (ERP) in different visual acuity levels, and to provide theoretical basis for the objective assessment of visual acuity. METHODS: Monocular stimulus was performed on 16 selected subjects. The subjects were required to look straight at the screen ahead and count the amount of stimuli from different directions. The pictures of optotype stimulus which corresponding to three different visual acuity levels were showed in the center of the screen...
June 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219272/-application-of-ima-and-h-fabp-in-forensic-diagnosis-of-sudden-cardiac-death
#5
REVIEW
Z L Zhu, P Wang, J B You, Q Yue, P F Wang, X L Wang, C N Zhang, G H Zhang
Acute myocardial ischemia is the most common cause of sudden cardiac death. The diagnosis of early myocardial ischemia is a hot point in forensic medicine, which is also an early and important part for a prevention against myocardial infarction. This paper conducts a comprehensive discussion of the structure, function, clinical value and forensic medicine application prospect of ischemia modified albumin (IMA) and heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP), aiming to determine whether the two proteins can be used as biochemical detection indicators of early myocardial ischemia for the diagnosis of sudden cardiac death in forensic medicine...
August 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219263/-comparison-of-measurement-methods-of-exophthalmos-and-its-forensic-significance
#6
S L Tan, J M Chen, X Y Yu, M W Wang, P P Zhuo, S Zhou, W T Xia
OBJECTIVES: To compare the differences between Hertel exophthalmometry and CT on exophthalmos measurement, and explore its practical application value in forensic medicine. METHODS: Fifty-six normal individuals without eye injuries or diseases were selected as the control group. The absolute values of exophthalmos were measured in the standardized CT image workstation. The difference of binocular exophthalmos was compared in normal group. Forty-seven cases with unilateral orbital fracture were divided into injured eye group and normal eye group according to the presence of binocular orbital fractures...
August 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216523/use-of-synthetic-stimulants-and-hallucinogens-in-a-cohort-of-electronic-dance-music-festival-attendees
#7
Amanda L A Mohr, Melissa Friscia, Jillian K Yeakel, Barry K Logan
Novel psychoactive substances (NPS), often characterized as unregulated psychoactive compounds designed to circumvent existing legislation, have become mainstream on the illicit drug market. Because of their physical and mind-altering properties, NPS may be deliberately or inadvertently ingested at electronic dance music (EDM) festivals to enhance the attendees' appreciation of the music and overall experience. Their widespread use at EDM festivals have been well documented and several adverse events and fatalities associated with NPS ingestion have been reported in the United States...
November 21, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216493/intimate-partner-violence-against-women-circumstances-of-aggressions-and-oral-maxillofacial-traumas-a-medical-legal-and-forensic-approach
#8
Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Luzia Michelle Santos, Alysson Vinicius Porto Ferreira, Tomás Lucio Marques de Almeida Lima, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Sérgio d'Avila
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem that frequently results in oral-maxillofacial traumas, generating high social and economic costs. The aim of this study was to describe the profile of women victims of IPV and determine the pattern of oral-maxillofacial traumas, according to a medical-legal and forensic perspective. An exploratory study of 1361 suspected cases of women victims of IPV was carried out based on database of an Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Dentistry of Northeastern Brazil during a period of 4 years...
December 4, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206080/understanding-forensic-psychiatry-in-healthcare-practices-and-collaboration-between-legal-nurse-consultants-and-physicians
#9
Daphne K Sharpe, Jasmine K Hall, Sochima Ochije, Rahn K Bailey
In 2000, the Institute of Medicine stunned many professionals with their published report that noted the vast number of deaths that occur each year in hospitals across the United States which reach as many as 98,000. Therefore, it comes as no surprise that the healthcare arena faces litigious issues regularly, with some specialties budgets being significantly impacted by the cost of maintaining liability insurance. Legal Nurse Consultants and forensic physicians working in tandem but who work independently from treating clinicians can carry out forensic independent medical examinations (IME)...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200568/a-serial-munchausen-syndrome-by-proxy
#10
Esra Ozgun Unal, Volkan Unal, Ali Gul, Mustafa Celtek, Behzat Dıken, İbrahim Balcıoglu
Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) is a form of child abuse that describes children whose parents or caregivers invent illness stories and substantiate the stories by fabricating false physical signs. Through this case report, a serial MSBP case is presented along with psychiatric evaluation of the perpetrator mother who was sent to the Forensic Psychiatric Observation Department of the Council of Forensic Medicine to assess whether she has any mental disorder. Although there are several studies on MSBP, we present this case because the perpetrator mother was caught on the camera surveillance system of the hospital while closing the nose and mouth of the victim for fabricating the illness, and she also said that she had done the same thing to her two elder children to exclude their illnesses...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197939/postmortem-angiography-revealing-traumatic-rupture-of-the-intracranial-internal-carotid-artery
#11
Fumiko Chiba, Go Inokuchi, Yohsuke Makino, Suguru Torimitsu, Ayumi Motomura, Rutsuko Yamaguchi, Mari Hashimoto, Yumi Hoshioka, Sayaka Nasgasawa, Ayaka Sakuma, Daisuke Yajima, Hisako Saito, Hirotaro Iwase
Diagnosis of traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), although relatively rare, is important in forensic medicine. It is mostly associated with rupture of the vertebrobasilar artery. Traumatic aneurysm of the intracranial part of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is also rare but has been reported in several studies. It is thought that the intracranial ICA is injured by blunt force to the head, neck, and chest. However, traumatic SAH with fatal acute course resulting from rupture of the ICA is especially uncommon: only two fatal cases without an associated aneurysm have been reported in the English-language literature...
December 2, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196879/the-feasibility-of-physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-modeling-in-forensic-medicine-illustrated-by-the-example-of-morphine
#12
Nadine Schaefer, Daniel Moj, Thorsten Lehr, Peter H Schmidt, Frank Ramsthaler
In forensic medicine, expert opinion is often required concerning dose and time of intake of a substance, especially in the context of fatal intoxications. In the present case, a 98-year-old man died 4 days after admission to a hospital due to a femur neck fracture following a domestic fall in his retirement home. As he had obtained high morphine doses in the context of palliative therapy and a confusion of his supplemental magnesium tablets with a diuretic by the care retirement home was suspected by the relatives, a comprehensive postmortem examination was performed...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191247/the-implication-of-the-shortage-of-health-workforce-specialist-on-universal-health-coverage-in-kenya
#13
Mumbo Hazel Miseda, Samuel Odhiambo Were, Cirindi Anne Murianki, Milo Peter Mutuku, Stephen N Mutwiwa
BACKGROUND: Globally, there is an acute shortage of human resources for health (HRH), and the greatest burden is borne by low-income countries especially in sub-Saharan Africa and some parts of Asia. This shortage has not only considerably constrained the achievement of health-related development goals but also impeded accelerated progress towards universal health coverage (UHC). Like any other low-income country, Kenya is experiencing health workforce shortage particularly in specialized healthcare workers to cater for the rapidly growing need for specialized health care (MOH Training Needs Assessment report (2015))...
December 1, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186446/validation-of-the-i-stat%C3%A2-1-analyzer-for-postmortem-vitreous-humor-electrolytes-and-glucose-analysis
#14
Laura R Monzon, Sue Pearring, Caitlin Miller, Jay R Vargas
The analytical value of vitreous humor as a specimen in postmortem forensic toxicology has been known for some time. Numerous medical examiner laboratories outsource the analysis of this important specimen for electrolyte and glucose measurements. This can be both time-consuming and costly. The utility of the i-STAT®1 medical device to measure electrolytes and glucose in whole blood samples has been demonstrated for over two decades in a clinical setting through single-use disposable cartridges that introduce samples to the i-STAT®1...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182913/a-student-selected-component-or-special-study-module-in-forensic-and-legal-medicine-design-delivery-assessment-and-evaluation-of-an-optional-module-as-an-addition-to-the-medical-undergraduate-core-curriculum
#15
Kieran M Kennedy, Andrew Wilkinson
The General Medical Council (United Kingdom) advocates development of non-core curriculum Student Selected Components and their inclusion in all undergraduate medical school curricula. This article describes a rationale for the design, delivery, assessment and evaluation of Student Selected Components in Forensic and Legal Medicine. Reference is made to the available evidence based literature pertinent to the delivery of undergraduate medical education in the subject area. A Student Selected Component represents an opportunity to highlight the importance of the legal aspects of medical practice, to raise the profile of the discipline of Forensic and Legal Medicine amongst undergraduate medical students and to introduce students to the possibility of a future career in the area...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170817/postmortem-1h-mrs-detection-of-ketone-bodies-and-glucose-in-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#16
Jakob Heimer, Dominic Gascho, Vasiliki Chatzaraki, Damaris Fröhlich Knaute, Vera Sterzik, Rosa Maria Martinez, Michael J Thali, Niklaus Zoelch
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a metabolic complication of diabetes mellitus that takes a lethal course if untreated. In this way relevant to forensic medicine, secure diagnosis of DKA usually involves the evidence of elevated levels of glucose and the ketone bodies acetone, acetoacetate, and β-hydroxybutyrate in corpse fluids. We conducted a postmortem hydrogen proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) in a case of lethal DKA. Distinctive resonances of all three ketone bodies as well as glucose were visible in spectra of cerebrospinal fluid, vitreous humor, and white matter...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169050/utility-of-post-mortem-computed-tomography-in-clivus-fracture-diagnosis-case-illustration-and-literature-review
#17
S Zerbo, A Di Piazza, G Lo Re, G L Aronica, S Salerno, R Lagalla
Clivus fractures are usually associated with head blunt trauma due to traffic accident and falls. A 23 - year-old man died immediately after a smash-up while he was stopping on his motorcycle. Post-mortem Computed tomography (PMCT), performed before autopsy, revealed a complex basilar skull base fractures associated with brainstem and cranio-vertebral junction injuries, improving the diagnostic performance of conventional autopsy. Imaging data were re-assessable and PMCT offers the possibility to perform multiplanar and volume rendered reconstructions, increasing forensic medicine knowledge related to traumatic injuries...
November 16, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165562/the-diversity-of-recent-and-ancient-human-dream-a-new-microarray-for-genetic-anthropology-and-genealogy-forensics-and-personalized-medicine
#18
Eran Elhaik, Leeban Yusuf, Ainan I J Anderson, Mehdi Pirooznia, Dimitrios Arnellos, Gregory Vilshansky, Gunes Ercal, Yontao Lu, Teresa Webster, Michael L Baird, Umberto Esposito
The human population displays wide variety in demographic history, ancestry, content of DNA derived from hominins or ancient populations, adaptation, traits, copy number variation (CNVs), drug response, and more. These polymorphisms are of broad interest to population geneticists, forensics investigators, and medical professionals. Historically, much of that knowledge was gained from population survey projects. While many commercial arrays exist for genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping, their design specifications are limited and they do not allow a full exploration of biodiversity...
November 20, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154142/child-trafficking-and-the-european-migration-crisis-the-role-of-forensic-practitioners
#19
Zuzana Obertová, Cristina Cattaneo
Trafficking in children is one of the worst forms of human rights violation and is categorised as a serious crime. Children at high risk of becoming victims of trafficking are runaways, children with a history of abuse, and migrant children. Internationally, cases of child trafficking are increasing the most in Europe, which is likely the result of the current migration crisis. In crises, preventing and combating human trafficking needs to be prioritized, considering that the aims of humanitarian action include saving lives, easing suffering and preserving human dignity...
November 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149651/anthropometric-measurements-in-iranian-men
#20
Jaber Gharehdaghi, Maryam Baazm, Masoud Ghadipasha, Sadra Solhi, Farhoud Toutounchian
There is inevitable need for data regarding anthropometric measurements of each community's population. These anthropometric data have various applications, including health assessment, industrial designing, plastic & orthopedic surgery, nutritional studies, anatomical studies and forensic medicine investigations. Anthropometric parameters vary from race to race throughout the world, hence providing an anthropometric profile model of residents of different geographic regions seems to be necessary. To our knowledge, there is no report of bone parameters of the Iranian population...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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