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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646879/discovery-of-a-single-male-aedes-aegypti-l-in-merseyside-england
#1
Thom Dallimore, Tony Hunter, Jolyon M Medlock, Alexander G C Vaux, Ralph E Harbach, Clare Strode
BACKGROUND: The mosquito Aedes aegypti (L.) is found in tropical and sub-tropical regions where it is the major vector of dengue fever, yellow fever, chikungunya and more recently Zika virus. Given its importance as a vector of arboviruses and its propensity to be transported to new regions, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) has placed Ae. aegypti on a list of potentially invasive mosquito species. It was previously reported in the United Kingdom (UK) in 1865 and 1919 but did not establish on either occasion...
June 24, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643592/the-burden-of-multiple-sclerosis-2015-methods-of-data-collection-assessment-and-analysis-of-costs-quality-of-life-and-symptoms
#2
Gisela Kobelt, Jennifer Eriksson, Glenn Phillips, Jenny Berg
INTRODUCTION: This article describes the methods used to perform this large European-wide burden-of-illness study on multiple sclerosis (MS) using individual patient data. METHODS: The study collected all MS-related resource consumption, workforce participation, prevalent disease symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Patients were recruited by national patient associations and, after informed consent, completed a specific questionnaire either on-line or on paper...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643590/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-russia
#3
Alexey Boyko, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Olga Boyko, Ekaterina Popova, Daniela Capsa, Jennifer Eriksson
BACKGROUND: In order to assess the value of management strategies in multiple sclerosis (MS), outcome data have to be combined with cost data. This, in turn, requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting current data on resource consumption, work capacity and health-related quality of life (HQoL). Descriptive analyses are presented by level of severity; costs are estimated in the societal perspective, in RUB 2015...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641177/a-30-year-history-of-mpan-case-from-russia
#4
M Selikhova, E Fedotova, S Wiethoff, L V Schottlaender, S Klyushnikov, S N Illarioshkin, H Houlden
We present a patient with progressive spastic ataxia, with dystonia and anarthria undiagnosed until detailed genetic analysis revealed an MPAN mutation. Highlighting the worldwide MPAN distribution, a 30year history of absent diagnosis and the impact and cost saving of an early but detailed genetic analysis in complex progressive movement disorders, particularly the anarthric NBIA group.
June 2, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634662/hiv-stigma-and-substance-use-among-hiv-positive-russians-with-risky-drinking
#5
E Jennifer Edelman, Karsten Lunze, Debbie M Cheng, Dmitry A Lioznov, Emily Quinn, Natalia Gnatienko, Carly Bridden, Christine E Chaisson, Alexander Y Walley, Evgeny M Krupitsky, Anita Raj, Jeffrey H Samet
The link between HIV stigma with substance use is understudied. We characterized individuals with high HIV stigma and examined whether HIV stigma contributes to substance use among HIV-positive Russians reporting risky alcohol use. We analyzed data from HERMITAGE, a randomized controlled trial of 700 people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) with past 6-month risky sex and risky alcohol use in St. Petersburg, Russia (2007-2011). Participants who were female and reported depressive symptoms and lower social support were more likely to endorse high HIV stigma (all p's < 0...
June 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633661/prevalence-of-arthritis-according-to-age-sex-and-socioeconomic-status-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries-analysis-of-data-from-the-world-health-organization-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage-wave-1
#6
Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, S Cook, M T Leech, S J Bowe, P Kowal, N Naidoo, I N Ackerman, R S Page, S M Hosking, J A Pasco, M Mohebbi
BACKGROUND: In higher income countries, social disadvantage is associated with higher arthritis prevalence; however, less is known about arthritis prevalence or determinants in low to middle income countries (LMICs). We assessed arthritis prevalence by age and sex, and marital status and occupation, as two key parameters of socioeconomic position (SEP), using data from the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). METHODS: SAGE Wave 1 (2007-10) includes nationally-representative samples of older adults (≥50 yrs), plus smaller samples of adults aged 18-49 yrs...
June 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633069/mitogenomic-diversity-in-russians-and-poles
#7
Boris Malyarchuk, Andrey Litvinov, Miroslava Derenko, Katarzyna Skonieczna, Tomasz Grzybowski, Aleksandra Grosheva, Yuri Shneider, Sergei Rychkov, Olga Zhukova
Complete mtDNA genome sequencing improves molecular resolution for distinguishing variation between individuals and populations, but there is still deficiency of mitogenomic population data. To overcome this limitation, we used Sanger-based protocol to generate complete mtDNA sequences of 376 Russian individuals from six populations of European part of Russia and 100 Polish individuals from northern Poland. Nearly complete resolution of mtDNA haplotypes was achieved - about 97% of haplotypes were unique both in Russians and Poles, and no haplotypes overlapped between them when indels were considered...
June 15, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632119/alkaliphilus-namsaraevii-sp-nov-an-alkaliphilic-iron-and-sulfur-reducing-bacterium-isolated-from-a-steppe-soda-lake
#8
Anastasiya Zakharyuk, Lyudmila Kozyreva, Elena Ariskina, Olga Troshina, Dmitry Kopitsyn, Viktoria Shcherbakova
A novel alkaliphilic spore-forming bacterium was isolated from the benthic sediments of the highly mineralized steppe Lake Khilganta (Transbaikal Region, Russia). Cells of the strain, designated Х-07-2T, were straight to slightly curved rods, Gram-stain-positive and motile. Strain Х-07-2T grew in the pH range from 7.0 to 10.7 (optimum pH 9.6-10.3). Growth was observed at 25-47 °C (optimum 30 °C) and at an NaCl concentration from 5 to 150 g l-1 with an optimum at 40 g l-1. Strain Х-07-2T was a chemo-organoheterotroph able to reduce amorphous ferric hydroxide, Fe(III) citrate and elemental sulfur in the presence of yeast extract as the electron donor...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632035/a-comprehensive-study-of-worldwide-selfie-related-accidental-mortality-a-growing-problem-of-the-modern-society
#9
Mohit J Jain, Kinjal J Mavani
Since Oxford dictionary has described 'Selfie', selfie deaths have received a fair amount of coverage but the extent of the problem and the data behind it have not been appropriately explored. The aim of our study is to obtain epidemiological characteristics of selfie-related mortality worldwide with the objective of providing an insight to 'Why selfie', 'Why risky', 'Psychological basis' and 'measures of control.' Despite thousands of web pages, very few scientific articles are available in medical journals...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628023/-ragweed-allergy-in-the-south-of-russia-in-the-chechen-republic
#10
D Macharadze, H Janaeva, K Avilov
Allergy to ragweed pollen and other weeds is a global problem due to the rapid spread of these grasses around the world. In addition, pollen of short ragweed (Ambrosia, Amb) and mugwort (Artemisia, Art) - one of the main causes of respiratory allergy - seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (hay fever) with/without bronchial asthma patients living in the South of Russia. Epidemiological studies on the prevalence of Allergy to Amb and Art among patients living in Chechen Republic, absent. Aim - of this retrospective study was to investigate the prevalence of sensitization to weed pollen in patients of Chechnya...
May 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626827/the-effect-of-rapid-privatisation-on-mortality-in-mono-industrial-towns-in-post-soviet-russia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Aytalina Azarova, Darja Irdam, Alexi Gugushvili, Mihaly Fazekas, Gábor Scheiring, Pia Horvat, Denes Stefler, Irina Kolesnikova, Vladimir Popov, Ivan Szelenyi, David Stuckler, Michael Marmot, Michael Murphy, Martin McKee, Martin Bobak, Lawrence King
BACKGROUND: Population-level data suggest that economic disruptions in the early 1990s increased working-age male mortality in post-Soviet countries. This study uses individual-level data, using an indirect estimation method, to test the hypothesis that fast privatisation increased mortality in Russia. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we surveyed surviving relatives of individuals who lived through the post-communist transition to retrieve demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of their parents, siblings, and male partners...
May 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626333/peripheral-circulation-indicators-in-veteran-trail-runners
#12
Alexander Bolotin, Vladislav Bakayev
[Purpose] Competitive sport places strict demands on the cardiovascular systems of veteran trail runners. Our research objective was to evaluate the dynamics of microcirculation parameters of veteran runners in hypoxic and mid-altitude conditions. [Subjects and Methods] Seven male runners from Russia and Italy between the ages of 50 and 60 years were examined whilst competing at mid-altitude (1,500-2,000 m above sea level). The same runners were examined in a simulated mid-altitude hypoxic environment, which was a hypoxic chamber with 16% oxygen concentration, for 720 minutes...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626277/linking-crop-yield-anomalies-to-large-scale-atmospheric-circulation-in-europe
#13
Andrej Ceglar, Marco Turco, Andrea Toreti, Francisco J Doblas-Reyes
Understanding the effects of climate variability and extremes on crop growth and development represents a necessary step to assess the resilience of agricultural systems to changing climate conditions. This study investigates the links between the large-scale atmospheric circulation and crop yields in Europe, providing the basis to develop seasonal crop yield forecasting and thus enabling a more effective and dynamic adaptation to climate variability and change. Four dominant modes of large-scale atmospheric variability have been used: North Atlantic Oscillation, Eastern Atlantic, Scandinavian and Eastern Atlantic-Western Russia patterns...
June 15, 2017: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624876/morphological-and-molecular-characterization-of-a-new-cyprinid-gall-bladder-infecting-chloromyxum-species-chloromyxum-peleci-sp-n-myxozoa-chloromyxidae-from-pelecus-cultratus-l-in-russia
#14
X H Liu, V N Voronin, A S Dudin, D A Morozova, J Y Zhang
Extensive sampling to get rich data is very important to resolve the current taxonomic problem of Chloromyxum genus and elucidate the nature phylogenetic relationships among congeneric species. During the parasitological survey of cyprinid fish in Gulf of Finland off the coast of St. Petersburg, a new Chloromyxum species, named as Chloromyxum peleci sp. n., was found to infect the gall bladder of sichel, Pelecus cultratus (L.). Here, we provided the morphological, ultrastructural, and molecular features to describe it...
June 18, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622098/influence-of-session-context-on-physical-activity-levels-among-russian-girls-during-a-summer-camp
#15
Justin M Guagliano, Natalie J Updyke, Natalia V Rodicheva, Sara K Rosenkranz, David A Dzewaltowski, Chelsey R Schlechter, Richard R Rosenkranz
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effect of summer camp session context on Russian girls' physical activity (PA). METHOD: Girls (n = 32, Mage = 10.7 years, SD = 0.6 years) from a resident summer camp taking place in the Vologda Region of Russia were exposed to 1 session context/day (i.e., free play, organized with no choice, organized with choice) on Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday for 3 weeks, with the context order counterbalanced across the 3 weeks...
June 16, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618283/vocational-education-paths-youth-activities-and-underage-drinking-in-russia-how-early-does-the-trouble-start
#16
Viktor Lushin, James Jaccard, Valeria Ivaniushina, Daniel Alexandrov
Working-class educational paths tend to be associated with elevated drinking. Little research has examined whether disproportionate alcohol use among vocationally oriented youth begins before or after the start of their vocational education. The present study analyzes a large sample of Russian middle-school students (N=1269; mean age=14.9), comparing the patterns of drinking among middle-schoolers oriented towards vocational educational, and their peers who do not plan a vocational education path. Results suggest that the orientation towards vocational education is associated with disproportionately high alcohol involvement among Russian middle-school students, even before they enter vocational schools...
June 12, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615761/prediction-of-risk-for-boys-involvement-in-drug-use-based-on-levels-of-self-evaluations-in-russia
#17
Svetlana N Islamova, Rafael Sh Islamov
BACKGROUND: Adolescents often experiment with drug use, which can impact on their health and well-being and increase the probability of problem drug use. Yet, not enough is known about which psychological indicators is related with the initiation of drug use among young adults and have predictive power. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants in this study were 311 boys (school and college students) aged 15-17. Data were collected in the towns of Moscow region. A modified version of Dembo-Rubinstein test was used to assess the self-evaluation (SE)...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615110/an-accident-at-work-traumatic-lesions-in-the-skeleton-of-a-4th-millennium-bce-wagon-driver-from-sharakhalsun-russia
#18
K Tucker, N Berezina, S Reinhold, A Kalmykov, A Belinskiy, J Gresky
The study of ante-mortem trauma is a popular and important aspect of palaeopathological analysis. The majority of publications focus on a particular assemblage, skeletal element or type of fracture, with case studies of single individuals with multiple/unusual traumata being much rarer in the literature. This paper presents the case of an adult male from the Bronze Age site of Sharakhalsun, Russia, buried, uniquely, in a sitting position on a fully assembled wagon, who displayed evidence for multiple healed ante-mortem fractures of the cranium, axial and appendicular skeleton...
June 1, 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615036/predictors-of-the-response-to-etanercept-in-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-without-systemic-manifestations-within-12-months-results-of-an-open-label-prospective-study-conducted-at-the-national-scientific-and-practical-center-of-children-s-health
#19
Ekaterina I Alexeeva, Leyla S Namazova-Baranova, Tatyana M Bzarova, Saniya I Valieva, Rina V Denisova, Tatyana V Sleptsova, Kseniya B Isaeva, Alexandra M Chomahidze, Nikolay I Taibulatov, Anna N Fetisova, Anna V Karaseva, Alexandr A Baranov
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of etanercept treatment and to identify predictors of response to therapy within 12 months in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) without systemic manifestations. METHODS: A total of 197 juvenile patients were enrolled in this study. Response to therapy was assessed using the ACRPedi 30/50/70/90 criteria, the Wallace criteria, and the Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score 71 (JADAS-71)...
June 14, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614909/global-patterns-and-trends-in-stomach-cancer-incidence-age-period-and-birth-cohort-analysis
#20
Ganfeng Luo, Yanting Zhang, Pi Guo, Li Wang, Yuanwei Huang, Ke Li
The cases of stomach cancer (SC) incidence are increasing per year and the SC burden has remained very high in some countries. We aimed to evaluate the global geographical variation in SC incidence and temporal trends from 1978 to 2007, with an emphasis on the effect of birth cohort. Joinpoint regression and age-period-cohort model were applied. From 2003 to 2007, male rate were 1.5- to 3-fold higher than female in all countries. Rates were highest in Eastern Asian and South American countries. Except for Uganda, all countries showed favorable trends...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
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