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E N Eskina, K K Davtyan
Presently ReLEx Smile as a method of vision correction in refractive surgery is becoming increasingly popular in Russia and abroad. PURPOSE: to develop an algorithm for planning the surgery and choosing its parameters, and to assess the efficacy, safety and predictability of the results in the 6-month follow-up period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 80 patients (159 eyes) with myopia of various degrees with a mean age of 33±6 years (25 to 44 years old)...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
N Zavyalova, E M Akhmetshin
The focal point of the paper is an attempt to identify the most effective way to offer the information about BRICS-related subjects. BRICS organization has already become the topical issue of our research. This paper highlights the research of the best way to deliver BRICS messages. Communication plays a pivotal role in our present-day life. It is essential for a wide range of technologies. Therefore, our study has several objectives, i.e., to describe the difference between the Internet-oriented communication and the communication supported by television and press...
February 2018: Data in Brief
Evgeny A Kuzmin
The article presents data on the corporate survival rate in Russia in 1991-2014. The empirical survey was based on a random sample with the average number of non-repeated observations (number of companies) for the survey each year equal to 75,958 (24,236 minimum and 126,953 maximum). The actual limiting mean error ∆ p was 2.24% with 99% integrity. The survey methodology was based on a cross joining of various formal periods in the corporate life cycles (legal and business), which makes it possible to talk about a conventionally active time life of companies' existence with a number of assumptions...
February 2018: Data in Brief
Jakob Manthey, Charlotte Probst, Margaret Rylett, Jürgen Rehm
OBJECTIVES: (1) A comprehensive mortality assessment of alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) and (2) examination of under-reporting using vital statistics data. METHODS: A modelling study estimated sex-specific mortality rates for each country, which were subsequently aggregated by region and globally. Input data on ACM mortality were obtained from death registries for n=91 countries. For n=99 countries, mortality estimates were predicted using aggregate alcohol data from WHO publications...
March 13, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Grigorii Markevich, Evgeny Esin, Liudmila Anisimova
The study examines the basic morphological and ecological features of Dolly Varden from Lake Kronotskoe (Russia, Kamchatka). Seven valid morphs different in head proportions, feeding, timing, and place of spawning have been determined in this ecosystem. The basic morphometric characteristics clearly separate Lake Kronotskoe morphs from each other, as well as from its potential ancestor (Dolly Varden). According to CVA analysis, the most notable morphological characteristics determining the mouth position are the length of a lower jaw and rostrum...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Petr Victorovich Morozov
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite being a pressing problem, the influence of urbanization on mental health is still underestimated in Russia. Although few studies on the topic in recent years were available, viewpoints of the expert community in Russia will be presented. Intensive urbanization impacts on the living conditions of the majority of the country's population being associated with mass migration of the population, a change in the structure of employment, the restructuring of family relations, and the need to adapt to unaccustomed living conditions...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Marco Tosi, Emily Grundy
OBJECTIVE: We investigate the association between parent-child contact frequency and changes in older parents' depressive symptoms in Bulgaria, Georgia and Russia. These are countries in which societal transformations may mean that psychological feelings of security engendered by having children in close contact may have particularly important implications for the mental health of older parents. METHODS: We analysed data from two waves of the Generation and Gender Surveys conducted three years apart and took account of relationships with more than one child...
March 12, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Jürgen Floege, Kate Tsirtsonis, Jan Iles, Tilman B Drueke, Glenn M Chertow, Patrick Parfrey
The calcimimetic cinacalcet is used to treat secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients receiving dialysis, and asymptomatic hypocalcemia is often observed following its initiation. Here we investigated the incidence, predictors and therapeutic consequences of hypocalcemia by a post hoc analysis of the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled EValuation Of Cinacalcet Hydrochloride Therapy to Lower CardioVascular Events (EVOLVE) trial. Hypocalcemia was classified as mild (total serum calcium 8.0-8.39 mg/dL), moderate (7...
March 7, 2018: Kidney International
Victor G Rodwin, Guilhem Fabre, Rafael F Ayoub
BRIC nations - Brazil, Russia, India, and China - represent 40% of the world's population, including a growing aging population and middle class with an increasing prevalence of chronic disease. Their healthcare systems increasingly rely on prescription drugs, but they differ from most other healthcare systems because healthcare expenditures in BRIC nations have exhibited the highest revenue growth rates for pharmaceutical multinational corporations (MNCs), Big Pharma. The response of BRIC nations to Big Pharma presents contrasting cases of how governments manage the tensions posed by rising public expectations and limited resources to satisfy them...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Oksana Pasechnik, Anna Vyazovaya, Stanislav Vitriv, Marina Tatarintseva, Aleksey Blokh, Vladimir Stasenko, Igor Mokrousov
This population-based study characterized Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from HIV-positive and HIV-negative tuberculosis (TB) patients in the Omsk region in Western Siberia, Russia. We sought to gain insight into the major genotype families and epidemic and endemic clones of M. tuberculosis in the area with a high burden and adverse trend of TB/HIV coinfection. The study collection included M. tuberculosis isolates from 207 newly-diagnosed patients with pulmonary TB; 55 (26.5%) of patients were HIV-infected...
January 2018: Tuberculosis
Lubov V Dorofeeva, Irina P Starodumova, Valentina I Krauzova, Natalia V Prisyazhnaya, Natalia G Vinokurova, Valentina Y Lysanskaya, Sergey V Tarlachkov, Lyudmila I Evtushenko
A rod-shaped, non-endospore-forming and non-motile bacterium, strain DL-329T , was isolated from the above-ground part of a plant, Androsace koso-poljanskii Ovcz. (Primulaceae), at the the State Natural Reserve 'Belogorie', Russia. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, the strain clustered with members of the genus Rathayibacter, showing the highest sequence similarity to Rathayibacter tritici (98.89 %), Rathayibacter rathayi (98.82 %) and Rathayibacter festucae (98.82 %). The DNA hybridization experiments demonstrated that strain DL-329T represents a separate genomic species...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Yury G Udodenko, Viktor T Komov, Viktor V Zakonnov
The long-term dynamics of mercury in bottom sediments of Uglich Reservoir were examined. Samples of the 0-5-cm surface layer of bottom sediment collected during research expeditions in 1958, 1977, 1991, and 2012 were analyzed. An increase in the average mercury concentration from 1958 to 1977 (0.440 ± 0.039 and 0.668 ± 0.065 mg/kg d.w., respectively) was followed by a decrease in 2012 (0.260 ± 0.021 mg/kg d.w.). During all years except 1991, a significant correlation was found between mercury content and the amount of organic matter in the sediments (r = 0...
March 7, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
V I Borodulin, S P Gliantsev
The article considers particular key methodological aspects of problem of scientific clinical school in national medicine. These aspects have to do with notion of school, its profile, issues of pedagogues, teachings and followers, subsidiary schools and issue of ethical component of scientific school. The article is a polemic one hence one will find no definite answers to specified questions. The reader is proposed to ponder over answers independently adducing examples of pro and contra. The conclusion is made about necessity of studying scientific schools in other areas of medicine and further elaboration of problem...
July 2017: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
Olga L Voronina, Marina S Kunda, Natalia N Ryzhova, Ekaterina I Aksenova, Natalia E Sharapova, Andrey N Semenov, Elena L Amelina, Alexandr G Chuchalin, Alexandr L Gintsburg
BACKGROUND: Microbes infecting cystic fibrosis patients' respiratory tract are important in determining patients' functional status. Representatives of Burkholderiales order are the most dangerous. The goal of our investigation was to reveal the diversity of Burkholderiales, define of their proportion in the microbiome of various parts of respiratory tract and determine the pathogenicity of the main representatives. RESULTS: In more than 500 cystic fibrosis patients, representing all Federal Regions of Russia, 34...
February 9, 2018: BMC Genomics
Elena Vetlova, Denis A Golbin, Andrey V Golanov, Alexander A Potapov, Sergey M Banov, Natalia Antipina, Valery V Kostjuchenko, Dmitry Y Usachev, Artem Y Belyaev, Sergey Goryaynov
INTRODUCTION:  Preoperative stereotactic radiosurgery (pre-SRS) is a recent advancement in the strategy for brain metastasis (BM) management, and available data demonstrate the advantages of pre-SRS before postoperative radiation treatment, including lower rates of local toxicity, leptomeningeal progression, and a high percentage of local control. The authors presented the results of pre-SRS in patients with BM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients with BM (11 female and eight male) have been treated at N...
December 26, 2017: Curēus
Julia Gresky, Alexey Kalmykov, Natalia Berezina
A discrete dysplastic lesion of the mandible found in a skeleton of a young adult male of the Middle Bronze Age in the Northern Caucasus/Russia is described. The periapical lesion of the right lower canine alveolus was examined by digital microscopy, plain radiology, and plain and polarizing microscopy. Its macroscopic, radiologic and microscopic characteristics are discussed in reference to different fibro-osseous lesions arising from the odontogenic apparatus and maxillofacial skeleton. Periapical osseous dysplasia was considered to be the most likely diagnosis...
March 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
Nina Rubtsova, Yuriy Paltsev, Sergey Perov, Elena Bogacheva
Major approaches of the Russian Federation in setting of exposure guidelines to electromagnetic fields (EMF) in occupational and public environments are discussed in this paper. EMF exposure guidelines in Russia are based on the results of hygienic, clinical, physiological, epidemiological and experimental studies and are frequency-dependent. The concept of a threshold principle of occupational and environmental factors due to hazardous exposure effects has been used to set permissible exposure levels of different EMF frequency ranges...
March 1, 2018: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine
Zhicheng Wang, Jun Cui, Jian Song, Haoze Wang, Kailun Gao, Xuemei Qiu, Meng Gou, Xin Li, Ziwen Hu, Xiuli Wang, Yaqing Chang
Heterosis is important for sea cucumber breeding, but its molecular mechanism remains largely unexplored. In this study, parental lines of Apostichopus japonicus from Russia (R) and China (C) were used to construct hybrids (CR and RC) by reciprocal crossing. We examined the transcriptional profiles of the hybrids (CR and RC) and the purebreds (CC and RR) at different developmental times. A total of 60.27 Gb of clean data was obtained, and 176,649 unigenes were identified, of which 50,312 unigenes were annotated...
February 28, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
A S Lapchenko, A G Kucherov, R Ya Order, A A Lapchenko
The objective of the present study was the enhancement of the effectiveness of the treatment of the consequences of the gunshot wounds and mine-blast injuries inflicted to the face, head, and neck encountered in the otolaryngological practice as well as the prevention of the formation of the large demarcation areas in the injured tissues and the preparation of these tissues for the further restorative treatment. Anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory photodynamic therapy (PDT) as well as light-emitting-diode (LED) phototherapy were carried out in 20 patients who suffered gunshot wounds and mine-blast injuries to the face, head, and neck...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Svetlana Nikitina, Daniele Didino, Marcos Baez, Fabio Casati
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity has a positive effect on physical health, well-being, and life satisfaction of older adults. However, engaging in regular physical activity can be challenging for the elderly population because of reduced mobility, low motivation, or lack of the proper infrastructures in their communities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to study the feasibility of home-based online group training-under different group cohesion settings-and its effects on adherence and well-being among Russian older adults...
February 27, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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