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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231161/food-leftover-practices-among-consumers-in-selected-countries-in-europe-south-and-north-america
#1
Kadri Koppel, Federica Higa, Sandria Godwin, Nelson Gutierrez, Roman Shalimov, Paula Cardinal, Brizio Di Donfrancesco, Miriam Sosa, Angel A Carbonell-Barrachina, Loreida Timberg, Edgar Chambers
Foodborne illnesses may be related to many food production factors with home practices of consumers playing an important role in food safety. Consumer behavior for handling food leftovers has been studied, however little work on comparisons among countries has been published. The objective of this study was to investigate home food leftover practices of people from North American, South American, and European countries. Surveys were conducted with approximately 100 or more consumers in Argentina, Colombia, the United States, Estonia, Italy, Russia, and Spain...
September 21, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230685/first-letters-from-red-cross-nurses
#2
(no author information available yet)
Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229397/emerging-causes-of-arbovirus-encephalitis-in-north-america-powassan-chikungunya-and-zika-viruses
#3
REVIEW
Christopher T Doughty, Sigal Yawetz, Jennifer Lyons
Arboviruses are arthropod-borne viruses transmitted by the bite of mosquitoes, ticks, or other arthropods. Arboviruses are a common and an increasing cause of human illness in North America. Powassan virus, Chikungunya virus, and Zika virus are arboviruses that have all recently emerged as increasing causes of neurologic illness. Powassan virus almost exclusively causes encephalitis, but cases are rare, sporadic, and restricted to portions of North America and Russia. Chikungunya virus has spread widely across the world, causing millions of infections...
February 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225771/the-phylodynamics-of-the-rabies-virus-in-the-russian-federation
#4
Andrei A Deviatkin, Alexander N Lukashev, Elena M Poleshchuk, Vladimir G Dedkov, Sergey E Tkachev, Gennadiy N Sidorov, Galina G Karganova, Irina V Galkina, Mikhail Yu Shchelkanov, German A Shipulin
Near complete rabies virus N gene sequences (1,110 nt) were determined for 82 isolates obtained from different regions of Russia between 2008 and 2016. These sequences were analyzed together with 108 representative GenBank sequences from 1977-2016 using the Bayesian coalescent approach. The timing of the major evolutionary events was estimated. Most of the isolates represented the steppe rabies virus group C, which was found over a vast geographic region from Central Russia to Mongolia and split into three groups (C0-C2) with discrete geographic prevalence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224461/zinc-the-other-suspected-environmental-factor-in-kashin-beck-disease-in-addition-to-selenium
#5
REVIEW
Xi Wang, Yujie Ning, Lei Yang, Fangfang Yu, Xiong Guo
Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is an endemic chronic osteochondral disease characterized by high prevalence, disability, and morbidity and is distributed from the northeast to the southwest in China, in some regions of Eastern Siberia in Russia, and in North Korea. Although the selenium deficiency etiological hypothesis for KBD has been proposed by scientists for decades, the idea that selenium deficiency is one of the most important environmental factors but not the primary and sole pathogenic factor for KBD has been widely accepted...
February 21, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222488/explaining-counterfeit-alcohol-purchases-in-russia
#6
Zoya Kotelnikova
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is a common target of counterfeiting in Russia. Counterfeit alcohol is defined here as the manufacture, distribution, unauthorized placement (forgery) of protected commodity trademarks, and infringement of the exclusive rights of the registered trademark holders of alcoholic beverages. It is often argued that the expansion of the counterfeit product market is due to the steady demand of economically disadvantaged people for low-priced goods. The situation becomes more complicated once deceptive and nondeceptive forms of counterfeiting are taken into account...
February 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217441/genome-sequence-of-the-acid-tolerant-desulfovibrio-sp-dv-isolated-from-the-sediments-of-a-pb-zn-mine-tailings-dam-in-the-chita-region-russia
#7
Anastasiia Kovaliova, Vitaly V Kadnikov, Dmitrii V Antsiferov, Alexey V Beletsky, Ehrzena V Danilova, Marat R Avakyan, Andrey V Mardanov, Olga V Karnachuk
Here we report the draft genome sequence of the acid-tolerant Desulfovibrio sp. DV isolated from the sediments of a Pb-Zn mine tailings dam in the Chita region, Russia. The draft genome has a size of 4.9 Mb and encodes multiple K(+)-transporters and proton-consuming decarboxylases. The phylogenetic analysis based on concatenated ribosomal proteins revealed that strain DV clusters together with the acid-tolerant Desulfovibrio sp. TomC and Desulfovibrio magneticus. The draft genome sequence and annotation have been deposited at GenBank under the accession number MLBG00000000...
March 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215362/efficacy-and-safety-of-sirukumab-in-patients-with-active-rheumatoid-arthritis-refractory-to-anti-tnf-therapy-sirround-t-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-parallel-group-multinational-phase-3-study
#8
Daniel Aletaha, Clifton O Bingham, Yoshiya Tanaka, Prasheen Agarwal, Regina Kurrasch, Paul P Tak, Sharon Popik
BACKGROUND: Sirukumab, a human monoclonal antibody that selectively binds to the interleukin-6 cytokine with high affinity, is under development for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other diseases. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of sirukumab for rheumatoid arthritis in a phase 3 study (SIRROUND-T). METHODS: We did a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicentre study at 183 hospitals and private rheumatology clinics in 20 countries (Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Lithuania, Mexico, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Russia, South Korea, Spain, Taiwan, UK, and USA)...
February 15, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213704/erratum-to-heavy-metals-mobility-associated-with-the-molybdenum-mining-concentration-complex-in-the-buryatia-republic-russia
#9
Angelina Sarapulova, Bayarma V Dampilova, Irina Bardamova, Svetlana G Doroshkevich, Olga Smirnova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209960/-right-sided-pneumonectomy-with-left-atrium-resection-under-cardiopulmonary-bypass-in-the-patient-with-lung-cancer-the-first-case-in-russia
#10
Yu V Belov, R N Komarov, V D Parshin, A G Yavorovsky, S V Chernyavsky, G V Mnatsakanyan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205612/dna-analysis-of-a-30-000-year-old-urocitellus-glacialis-from-northeastern-siberia-reveals-phylogenetic-relationships-between-ancient-and-present-day-arctic-ground-squirrels
#11
Marina Faerman, Gila Kahila Bar-Gal, Elisabetta Boaretto, Gennady G Boeskorov, Nikolai E Dokuchaev, Oleg A Ermakov, Fedor N Golenishchev, Stanislav V Gubin, Eugenia Mintz, Evgeniy Simonov, Vadim L Surin, Sergei V Titov, Oksana G Zanina, Nikolai A Formozov
In contrast to the abundant fossil record of arctic ground squirrels, Urocitellus parryii, from eastern Beringia, only a limited number of fossils is known from its western part. In 1946, unnamed GULAG prisoners discovered a nest with three mummified carcasses of arctic ground squirrels in the permafrost sediments of the El'ga river, Yakutia, Russia, that were later attributed to a new species, Citellus (Urocitellus) glacialis Vinogr. To verify this assignment and to explore phylogenetic relationships between ancient and present-day arctic ground squirrels, we performed (14)C dating and ancient DNA analyses of one of the El'ga mummies and four contemporaneous fossils from Duvanny Yar, northeastern Yakutia...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197948/mercury-in-soil-earthworms-and-organs-of-voles-myodes-glareolus-and-shrew-sorex-araneus-in-the-vicinity-of-an-industrial-complex-in-northwest-russia-cherepovets
#12
V T Komov, E S Ivanova, N Y Poddubnaya, V A Gremyachikh
The characteristic properties of uptake and distribution of mercury in terrestrial ecosystems have received much lesser attention compared to aquatic particularly in Russia. Terrestrial ecosystems adjacent to large industrial manufactures-potential sources of mercury inflow into the environment frequently remain unstudied. This is the first report on mercury (Hg) levels in the basic elements of terrestrial ecosystems situated close to a large metallurgical complex.Mean values of mercury concentration (mg Hg/kg dry weight) in the vicinity of city of Cherepovets were the following: 0...
March 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193258/antibiotic-use-practices-of-pharmacy-staff-a-cross-sectional-study-in-saint-petersburg-the-russian-federation
#13
Tatiana Belkina, Natalia Duvanova, Julia Karbovskaja, Jurjen Duintjer Tebbens, Jiri Vlcek
BACKGROUND: Non-prescription access to antimicrobials is common, and self-prescribing is increasingly popular in Russian society. The aim of this study was to assess the attitudes of community pharmacists regarding antibiotic use and self-medication. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study from September-December 2015 of community pharmacists in the Saint-Petersburg and Leningrad region, Russia. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess antibiotic use and self-medication practices...
February 14, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188411/first-record-and-description-of-juvenile-stages-of-longidorus-artemisiae-rubtsova-chizhov-subbotin-1999-nematoda-longidoridae-in-poland-and-new-data-on-l-juglandicola-li%C3%A5-kov%C3%A3-robbins-brown-1997-based-on-topotype-specimens-from-slovakia
#14
Franciszek Wojciech Kornobis, Marek Renčo, Anna Filipiak
This paper presents the first geographical record of the needle nematode Longidorus artemisiae Rubtsova, Chizhov & Subbotin, 1999 outside Russia. This species was found in Poland near the city of Skierniewice in association with nettle (Urtica dioica L.). Morphometric and morphological data are provided, including the first description of juveniles of this species. Nematodes of the Polish population differ from the type-population in Russia in possessing a thicker body (lower 'a' index) in both sexes; males having a longer body and longer spicules; different sex ratio (1:2 in Polish population vs 1:1 in the type-population) and somewhat less expanded lips...
February 10, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187126/from-east-to-west-across-the-palearctic-phylogeography-of-the-invasive-lime-leaf-miner-phyllonorycter-issikii-lepidoptera-gracillariidae-and-discovery-of-a-putative-new-cryptic-species-in-east-asia
#15
Natalia Kirichenko, Paolo Triberti, Issei Ohshima, Julien Haran, Bong-Kyu Byun, Houhun Li, Sylvie Augustin, Alain Roques, Carlos Lopez-Vaamonde
Knowing the phylogeographic structure of invasive species is important for understanding the underlying processes of invasion. The micromoth Phyllonorycter issikii, whose larvae damage leaves of lime trees Tilia spp., was only known from East Asia. In the last three decades, it has been recorded in most of Europe, Western Russia and Siberia. We used the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene region to compare the genetic variability of P. issikii populations between these different regions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185022/correlates-of-double-risk-of-hiv-acquisition-and-transmission-among-women-who-inject-drugs-in-st-petersburg-russia
#16
Polina Girchenko, Elizabeth J King
Russia continues to experience a growing HIV epidemic, and women account for an increasing proportion of new HIV diagnoses in the country. This study aims to provide up-to-date information on factors associated with unsafe sex and drug use behaviors among women who inject drugs in St. Petersburg, Russia. In this community-based sample of 500 women who inject drugs, 64% tested positive for HIV. Women reported the following: 21% reported injection risk, 22% reported sexual risk, and 18% reported double risk. Multivariable analyses using logistic multinomial regression showed that older age is associated with increased risk behaviors...
February 9, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183100/review-of-the-genus-i-oncopsis-i-burmeister-1838-homoptera-auchenorrhyncha-cicadellidae-macropsinae-of-russia-and-adjacent-countries-with-description-of-a-new-species-from-central-asia
#17
Dmitri Yu Tishechkin
Illustrated descriptions and data on host plants and distribution for 21 species of Oncopsis of Russia and adjacent countries are given, and O. abdykulovi sp. n. from Central Asia is described. Conspecificity of O. planiscuta from East Siberia and Sakhalin,of O. tristis from Moscow Area, Alati Mts., and Sakhalin, and of O. burjatica from East Siberia and Sakhalin is corroborated by male calling signal analysis.
January 11, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182104/phytoconstituents-and-nutritional-properties-of-the-fruits-of-eleutherococcus-divaricatus-and-eleutherococcus-sessiliflorus-a-study-of-non-european-species-cultivated-in-poland
#18
Daniel Załuski, Marta Olech, Robert Verpoorte, Inamullah Khan, Rafał Kuźniewski, Renata Nowak
Eleutherococcus fruits have been consumed in Russia and Asia throughout the centuries. Currently, there is an increasing interest in these products by the community of Western Europe. Many people suffer from micronutrient deficiencies, known as malnutrition, which consequently influences body condition. The aim of this study was to investigate pharmaconutrition, proximate, mineral, and fatty acid composition, total phenolics content, and total flavonoids content of Eleutherococcus divaricatus and Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus fruits cultivated in Poland...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177846/nuclear-dna-content-correlates-with-depth-body-size-and-diversification-rate-in-amphipod-crustaceans-from-ancient-lake-baikal-russia
#19
Nicholas W Jeffery, Lev Y Yampolsky, Ryan Gregory
Lake Baikal in Russia is a large, ancient lake that has been the site of a major radiation of amphipod crustaceans. Nearly 400 named species are known in this single lake, and it is thought that many more await description. The size and depth of Lake Baikal, in particular, may have contributed to the radiation of endemic amphipods by providing a large number of microhabitats for species to invade and subsequently experience reproductive isolation. Here we investigate the possibility that large-scale genomic changes have also accompanied diversification in these crustaceans...
November 14, 2016: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169606/the-real-life-number-of-neonatal-doses-of-bacille-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-vaccine-in-a-20-dose-vial
#20
Frederik Schaltz-Buchholzer, Hannah Nørtoft Frankel, Christine Stabell Benn
BACKGROUND: Reducing vaccine wastage is important. Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine is produced in vials of 20 infant doses. The reconstituted vaccine is discarded after 4-6 hours. Therefore, to reduce vaccine wastage, a 20-dose vial of BCG is often only opened if at least 10-12 infants are present, jeopardising BCG vaccination coverage and timely vaccination. We observed that nurses were not able to withdraw 20 doses from the vials and aimed to quantify how many doses could be obtained from these vials by experienced nurses under real-life circumstances...
2017: Global Health Action
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