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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168150/phylogenetic-relationships-of-the-genus-armadolepis-spassky-1954-eucestoda-hymenolepididae-with-descriptions-of-two-new-species-from-palaearctic-dormice-rodentia-gliridae
#1
Arseny A Makarikov, Valeriy V Stakheev, Vasyl V Tkach
Two new species of hymenolepidid cestodes belonging to the genus Armadolepis Spassky, 1954 are described from dormice (Gliridae) from the southern East European Plain and the northwestern Caucasus, Russia. Armadolepis (Bremserilepis) longisoma n. sp., with a rudimentary, unarmed rostellar apparatus is described from the fat dormouse Glis glis (Linnaeus) from the Republic of Adygeya, Russia. Additionally, A. (Armadolepis) dryomi n. sp., characterised by a well-developed rostellar apparatus and armed rhynchus is described from the forest dormouse Dryomys nitedula Pallas from Rostov Oblast', Russia...
November 22, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167991/a-comparison-of-bioclimatic-potential-in-two-global-regions-during-the-late-twentieth-century-and-early-twenty-first-century
#2
Maria G Lebedeva, Anthony R Lupo, Chasity B Henson, Alexandr B Solovyov, Yury G Chendev, Patrick S Market
Changes in the general circulation of the atmosphere have been taking place during the latter part of the twentieth century and the early part of the twenty-first century. In the Belgorod region of Southwest Russia, this has been manifested in the more frequent occurrence of stationary anticyclones, including those referred to as blocking anticyclones, especially during the summer season. Also, there has been a general increase in regional temperatures during the growing season over the period mentioned above, and combined with the more frequent occurrence of anticyclones has led to less humid conditions...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167767/tp53-gene-polymorphisms-and-occupational-skin-cancer-risks-for-workers-of-glass-fiber-manufacture
#3
Guzel F Mukhammadiyeva, Denis O Karimov, Akhat B Bakirov, Liliya K Karimova
Background: Determining the role of genetic markers in individual sensitivity to chemical exposures raises a possibility of risk assessment of occupational diseases and their prevention. This paper focuses on the results of the identification of molecular-genetic markers associated with occupational skin cancer susceptibility. This study aimed to explore an association between polymorphisms of the TP53 tumor suppressor gene and a risk of developing occupational skin neoplasms. Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 71 workers with occupational skin neoplasms, 99 healthy workers, and 100 healthy population-based controls in Bashkortostan Republic, Russia in 2015...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167252/metagenome-of-the-siberian-underground-water-reservoir
#4
Vitaly V Kadnikov, Yulia A Frank, Andrey V Mardanov, Alexey V Beletsky, Olga V Karnachuk, Nikolai V Ravin
We report on the metagenome of a deep subsurface aquifer in the Tomsk region of Russia, sampled via an oil exploration borehole drilled to a depth of 2.8 km. Methanogenic archaea were present in the water along with members of various bacterial phyla, including Firmicutes, Chloroflexi, Bacteroidetes, Ignavibacteriae, and uncultured candidate divisions.
November 22, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166691/-emil-kraepelin-s-time-in-dorpat-did-this-stay-made-marks-in-russian-and-soviet-psychiatry
#5
Birk Engmann, Holger Steinberg
In Russia, German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926) is regarded as an influential and famous personality in the history of the field. This study discusses whether it was his period in the Russian Empire in the years 1886 to 1891 when he worked at Dorpat University (today Tartu, Estonia) that raised his popularity in Russia. Our research shows that all of his writings which had been translated into Russian language derive from a period much later than Dorpat. Moreover, none of his students has ever reached a scientific position which would have enabled him to become a proponent of Kraepelin's ideas in Russia...
November 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163426/sugar-metabolism-of-the-first-thermophilic-planctomycete-thermogutta-terrifontis-comparative-genomic-and-transcriptomic-approaches
#6
Alexander G Elcheninov, Peter Menzel, Soley R Gudbergsdottir, Alexei I Slesarev, Vitaly V Kadnikov, Anders Krogh, Elizaveta A Bonch-Osmolovskaya, Xu Peng, Ilya V Kublanov
Xanthan gum, a complex polysaccharide comprising glucose, mannose and glucuronic acid residues, is involved in numerous biotechnological applications in cosmetics, agriculture, pharmaceuticals, food and petroleum industries. Additionally, its oligosaccharides were shown to possess antimicrobial, antioxidant, and few other properties. Yet, despite its extensive usage, little is known about xanthan gum degradation pathways and mechanisms. Thermogutta terrifontis, isolated from a sample of microbial mat developed in a terrestrial hot spring of Kunashir island (Far-East of Russia), was described as the first thermophilic representative of the Planctomycetes phylum...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163336/two-novel-mutations-associated-with-ataxia-telangiectasia-identified-using-an-ion-ampliseq-inherited-disease-panel
#7
Maria V Kuznetsova, Dmitry Yu Trofimov, Ekaterina S Shubina, Taisiya O Kochetkova, Natalia A Karetnikova, Ilya Yu Barkov, Vladimir A Bakharev, Oleg A Gusev, Gennady T Sukhikh
Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T), or Louis-Bar syndrome, is a rare neurodegenerative disorder associated with immunodeficiency. For families with at least one affected child, timely A-T genotyping during any subsequent pregnancy allows the parents to make an informed decision about whether to continue to term when the fetus is affected. Mutations in the ATM gene, which is 150 kb long, give rise to A-T; more than 600 pathogenic variants in ATM have been characterized since 1990 and new mutations continue to be discovered annually...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162495/the-morphology-of-mouthparts-wings-and-genitalia-of-paleozoic-insect-families-protohymenidae-and-scytohymenidae-reveals-new-details-and-supposed-function
#8
Martina Pecharová, Jakub Prokop
Megasecoptera is an extinct group of insects with specialized rostrum-like mouthparts, which is a synapomorphy shared with all members of the Late Paleozoic Palaeodictyopterida, and markedly slender wings that are unable to flex backwards. Here we describe the close up morphology of Protohymenidae and Scytohymenidae and uncover new aspects of the endoskeleton (tentorium) of the head, structure of the mouthparts with discernable proximal part of stylets controlled by muscles, surface of compound eyes that consist of a hexagonal pattern of large facets, structure and microstructures on the wings and reconstruct male and female external genitalia using ESEM and light stereomicroscopy...
November 18, 2017: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157333/a-cohort-mortality-study-among-soviet-and-russian-cosmonauts-1961-2014
#9
Igor B Ushakov, Yuri I Voronkov, Igor V Bukhtiyarov, Galina I Tikhonova, Tatyana Yu Gorchakova, Mariya S Bryleva
INTRODUCTION: Over 500 people from different countries have been to space since the first manned spaceflight in 1961. Factors of space and spaceflights might cause functional and somatic disorders, leading to increased mortality. Our research goal was to assess cause-specific risk of death among Soviet and Russian cosmonauts who had at least one spaceflight. METHODS: The epidemiological cohort study included 115 male cosmonauts. The observation period was 54 yr (January 1, 1961-December 31, 2014) and 2707 person-years of follow-up were obtained...
December 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155847/context-and-culture-associated-with-alcohol-use-amongst-youth-in-major-urban-cities-a-cross-country-population-based-survey
#10
Anne W Taylor, Bridgette M Bewick, Alfred B Makanjuola, Ling Qian, Valentina V Kirzhanova, Paulo Alterwain
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption patterns are dependent upon culture and context. The aim of this study was to interview people aged 18-34 year old living in four cities in different regions of the world to explore differences in a range of alcohol measures to assist in determining culturally appropriate alcohol initiatives for this age group. METHOD: Multistage random sampling was consistent across the four cities (Ilorin (Nigeria), Wuhan (China), Montevideo (Uruguay) and Moscow (Russia))...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154256/patient-doses-from-medical-examinations-in-russia-2009-2015
#11
Mikhail I Balonov, Vladislav Golikov, Irina Zvonova, Larisa Chipiga, Sergey Kalnitsky, Svetlana Sarycheva, Alexander Vodovatov
The aim of current study was to evaluate adult patient doses in Russia in context of patient protection. Effective doses from X-ray and nuclear medicine examinations were assessed using two approaches. The first was based on data collection performed by authors in hospitals in St-Petersburg and other 17 Russian regions. The second approach was to assess mean doses through the collective dose estimated annually within the federal data bank ESKID. In 2015, 203 million examinations were conducted in Russia, i...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151634/fungal-planet-description-sheets-558-624
#12
P W Crous, M J Wingfield, T I Burgess, G E St J Hardy, P A Barber, P Alvarado, C W Barnes, P K Buchanan, M Heykoop, G Moreno, R Thangavel, S van der Spuy, A Barili, S Barrett, S O Cacciola, J F Cano-Lira, C Crane, C Decock, T B Gibertoni, J Guarro, M Guevara-Suarez, V Hubka, M Kolařík, C R S Lira, M E Ordoñez, M Padamsee, L Ryvarden, A M Soares, A M Stchigel, D A Sutton, A Vizzini, B S Weir, K Acharya, F Aloi, I G Baseia, R A Blanchette, J J Bordallo, Z Bratek, T Butler, J Cano-Canals, J R Carlavilla, J Chander, R Cheewangkoon, R H S F Cruz, M da Silva, A K Dutta, E Ercole, V Escobio, F Esteve-Raventós, J A Flores, J Gené, J S Góis, L Haines, B W Held, M Horta Jung, K Hosaka, T Jung, Ž Jurjević, V Kautman, I Kautmanova, A A Kiyashko, M Kozanek, A Kubátová, M Lafourcade, F La Spada, K P D Latha, H Madrid, E F Malysheva, P Manimohan, J L Manjón, M P Martín, M Mata, Z Merényi, A Morte, I Nagy, A-C Normand, S Paloi, N Pattison, J Pawłowska, O L Pereira, M E Petterson, B Picillo, K N A Raj, A Roberts, A Rodríguez, F J Rodríguez-Campo, M Romański, M Ruszkiewicz-Michalska, B Scanu, L Schena, M Semelbauer, R Sharma, Y S Shouche, V Silva, M Staniaszek-Kik, J B Stielow, C Tapia, P W J Taylor, M Toome-Heller, J M C Vabeikhokhei, A D van Diepeningen, N Van Hoa, Van Tri M, N P Wiederhold, M Wrzosek, J Zothanzama, J Z Groenewald
Novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: Australia: Banksiophoma australiensis (incl. Banksiophoma gen. nov.) on Banksia coccinea, Davidiellomycesaustraliensis (incl. Davidiellomyces gen. nov.) on Cyperaceae, Didymocyrtis banksiae on Banksia sessilis var. cygnorum, Disculoides calophyllae on Corymbia calophylla, Harknessia banksiae on Banksia sessilis, Harknessia banksiae-repens on Banksia repens, Harknessia banksiigena on Banksia sessilis var. cygnorum, Harknessia communis on Podocarpus sp...
June 2017: Persoonia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151185/mercury-in-organs-of-pacific-walruses-odobenus-rosmarus-divergens-from-the-bering-sea
#13
Alexey M Trukhin, Mikhail V Simokon
The Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) is still used as an important source of protein-rich food by indigenous peoples of Chukotka, Alaska, and other Arctic regions. Total mercury (THg) concentration was measured in eight internal organs of walruses. Samples were taken from 22 individuals (11 males and 11 females). Age of the animals ranged from 1 to 30 years. All the walruses were harvested by local hunters from the coastal waters off the Chukchi Peninsula (Russia) during the autumn of 2011. Total mercury concentration in the samples was determined by atomic absorption method...
November 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150755/comparative-hair-trace-element-profile-in-the-population-of-sakhalin-and-taiwan-pacific-islands
#14
Anatoly V Skalny, Margarita G Skalnaya, Eugeny P Serebryansky, Irina V Zhegalova, Andrei R Grabeklis, Oxana A Skalnaya, Anastasia A Skalnaya, Pai-Tsang Huang, Cheng-Chi Wu, Anatoly T Bykov, Alexey A Tinkov
The objective of the current study is to perform a comparative analysis of hair trace element content in 393 apparently healthy adults living in Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China (94 women and 46 men) and Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Sakhalin, Russia (186 women and 67 men). The obtained data indicate that Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk inhabitants were characterized by significantly higher hair Co, Cr, Mn, and V levels, exceeding the respective Taipei values by a factor of 3, 2, 7, and 5, respectively (all p < 0.001). Hair Cu, Fe, and Si levels were also higher in examinees from Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk than those from Taipei by 10% (p = 0...
November 17, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149886/antibiotic-susceptibility-profiles-of-mycoplasma-synoviae-strains-originating-from-central-and-eastern-europe
#15
Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Dénes Grózner, Kinga M Sulyok, Kristin Nilsson, Veronika Hrivnák, Dušan Benčina, Miklós Gyuranecz
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma synoviae causes infectious synovitis and respiratory diseases in chickens and turkeys and may lead to egg shell apex abnormalities in chickens; hence possesses high economic impact on the poultry industry. Control of the disease consists of eradication, vaccination or medication. The aim of the present study was to determine the in vitro susceptibility to 14 different antibiotics and an antibiotic combination of M. synoviae strains originating from Hungary and other countries of Central and Eastern Europe...
November 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148396/multiple-reassorted-viruses-as-cause-of-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-a-h5n8-virus-epidemic-the-netherlands-2016
#16
Nancy Beerens, Rene Heutink, Saskia A Bergervoet, Frank Harders, Alex Bossers, Guus Koch
In 2016, an epidemic of highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus subtype H5N8 in the Netherlands caused mass deaths among wild birds, and several commercial poultry farms and captive bird holdings were affected. We performed complete genome sequencing to study the relationship between the wild bird and poultry viruses. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the viruses are related to H5 clade 2.3.4.4 viruses detected in Russia in May 2016 but contained novel polymerase basic 2 and nucleoprotein gene segments and 2 different variants of the polymerase acidic segment...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147886/peromyscus-leucopus-mouse-brain-transcriptome-response-to-powassan-virus-infection
#17
Luwanika Mlera, Kimberly Meade-White, Eric Dahlstrom, Rachel Baur, Kishore Kanakabandi, Kimmo Virtaneva, Stephen F Porcella, Marshall E Bloom
Powassan virus (POWV) is a tick-borne Flavivirus responsible for life-threatening encephalitis in North America and some regions of Russia. The ticks that have been reported to transmit the virus belong to the Ixodes species, and they feed on small-to-medium-sized mammals, such as Peromyscus leucopus mice, skunks, and woodchucks. We previously developed a P. leucopus mouse model of POWV infection, and the model is characterized by a lack of clinical signs of disease following intraperitoneal or intracranial inoculation...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146639/impact-of-informal-caregiving-on-older-adults-physical-and-mental-health-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-secondary-analysis-based-on-the-who-s-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage
#18
Sylvie D Lambert, Steven J Bowe, Patricia M Livingston, Leila Heckel, Selina Cook, Paul Kowal, Liliana Orellana
OBJECTIVES: A high proportion of care stemming from chronic disease or disability in low-income and middle-income countries is provided by informal caregivers. The goal of this study was to determine the level of burden experienced by these caregivers, explore associated factors and assess whether caregivers' and non-caregivers' health differed. DESIGN AND SETTING: This cross-sectional study was a secondary analysis of data on caregivers' burden, health and health risk factors in Ghana, India and the Russian Federation collected as part of the WHO's Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) Wave 1...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145741/a-cohort-approach-to-real-time-detection-of-acute-hiv-infections-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-st-petersburg-russia
#19
Olga Toussova, Andrei Kozlov, Sergei Verevochkin, Kathryn Lancaster, Alla Shaboltas, Alexey Masharsky, Elena Dukhovlinova, William C Miller, Irving Hoffman
OBJECTIVES: To detect acute HIV infections (AHI) in real time among people who inject drugs (PWID) in St. Petersburg, Russia and to test the feasibility of this approach. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: 100 seronegative or acutely HIV-infected at screening PWID were enrolled and followed until the end of the 12 month pilot period. Each participant was evaluated, tested and counseled for HIV monthly. Two HIV tests were used: HIV antibody and HIV RNA PCR...
November 16, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143598/gwas-for-plant-growth-stages-and-yield-components-in-spring-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-harvested-in-three-regions-of-kazakhstan
#20
Yerlan Turuspekov, Aida Baibulatova, Kanat Yermekbayev, Laura Tokhetova, Vladimir Chudinov, Grigoriy Sereda, Martin Ganal, Simon Griffiths, Saule Abugalieva
BACKGROUND: Spring wheat is the largest agricultural crop grown in Kazakhstan with an annual sowing area of 12 million hectares in 2016. Annually, the country harvests around 15 million tons of high quality grain. Despite environmental stress factors it is predicted that the use of new technologies may lead to increases in productivity from current levels of 1.5 to up to 3 tons per hectare. One way of improving wheat productivity is by the application of new genomic oriented approaches in plant breeding projects...
November 14, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
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