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Gynaecological oncology imaging

Jerusha Padayachee, Jasmin Loh, Albert Tiong, Louis Lao
INTRODUCTION: This survey aimed to assess the use of image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) within New Zealand (NZ) and evaluate the quality of IGRT delivery. METHOD: All nine centres in NZ were invited to participate in an online survey in November 2015. Questions were asked on type of IGRT technologies available, IGRT use by tumour site and frequency of imaging. In addition, questions were asked in reference to the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) White Paper recommendations on safe practice of IGRT...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Nassim Parvizi, Shaheel Bhuva
OBJECTIVES: A national survey was designed to better understand factors influencing special interest choices, future aspirations of UK radiology trainees and perceptions of breast radiology. METHODS: A SurveyMonkey questionnaire was developed and distributed to all radiology trainees in the UK through the British Institute of Radiology, RCR Junior Radiologists Forum and by directly contacting UK training schemes as well as by social media between December 2015 and January 2016...
November 2017: British Journal of Radiology
Anna Stepniak, Piotr Czuczwar, Piotr Szkodziak, Ewa Wozniakowska, Slawomir Wozniak, Tomasz Paszkowski
PURPOSE: This review presents the information about epidemiology, clinical manifestation, diagnosis and treatment of primary ovarian Burkitt's lymphoma (BL), including a literature search of available BL cases. The purpose of this review is to draw clinicians' attention to the possibility of ovarian BL occurrence, which may be important in the differential diagnosis of ovarian tumours. METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched using the keywords ''Burkitt's'', ''Lymphoma'', ''Ovarian'', ''Primary'', ''Burkitt's lymphoma''...
October 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Karen Lim, Sylvia van Dyk, Pearly Khaw, Jacqueline Veera, Linda Mileshkin, Lucy Ohanessian, Michelle Harrison, Shalini K Vinod
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this survey was to explore the current patterns of practice for brachytherapy in cervix cancer in Australia and New Zealand. The survey was also intended to explore clinician attitudes towards image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT) and identify barriers to the implementation of IGABT. METHODS: Electronic surveys were sent to all radiotherapy centres in Australia and New Zealand under collaboration with Australia New Zealand Gynaecology and Oncology Group (ANZGOG), in order to identify patterns of radiotherapy practice...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Peter de Boer, Ina M Jürgenliemk-Schulz, Henrike Westerveld, Astrid A C de Leeuw, Raquel Dávila-Fajardo, Coen R N Rasch, Bradley R Pieters, Lukas J A Stalpers
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Regarding latest developments, the need of a radiotherapy 'Patterns of Care' survey was expressed by the Dutch National Platform Radiotherapy for Gynaecological Cancer (LPRGT). Therefore, this study investigated current practice for cervical cancer in all 16 radiation oncology centres in the Netherlands specialised in gynaecological oncology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A structured 'patterns of care' questionnaire was completed and followed by an in-depth interview with radiation oncologists from all radiotherapy centres specialised in gynaecological oncology...
May 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Vicky Koh, Bok Ai Choo, Khai Mun Lee, Teng Hwee Tan, Jen Hui Jeffrey Low, Soon Yau Joseph Ng, Arunachalam Ilancheran, Liang Shen, Johann Tang
PURPOSE: To report late rectal and bladder toxicity outcomes of a CT-based image-guided brachytherapy (IGBT) technique for treatment of cervical cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between 2008 and 2014, 95 women with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IB to IVA cervical carcinoma treated with definitive concurrent cisplatin-based chemotherapy and external beam radiation therapy 50.4 Gy in 28 fractions followed by planned prescription dose of 7 Gy × 4 fractions of high-dose-rate IGBT was retrospectively reviewed...
January 2017: Brachytherapy
Thomas Vinotha, Thomas Anitha, Sebastian Ajit, Chandy Rachel, Peedicayil Abraham
INTRODUCTION: Patients referred with inadequately staged ovarian malignancies present a clinical dilemma. We report our experience with completion surgery in ovarian cancer. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the benefits and risks of completion surgery in women with ovarian cancer who presented after having had inadequate primary surgery. METHODS: A retrospective case series of 30 women with ovarian cancer and one with fallopian tube cancer who had inadequate primary surgery underwent completion surgery at gynaecologic oncology unit in a tertiary level hospital in Tamil Nadu, India...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Roberto Angioli, Francesco Plotti, Stella Capriglione, Giuseppe Scaletta, Nella Dugo, Alessia Aloisi, Claudia Lucia Piccolo, Riccardo Del Vescovo, Corrado Terranova, Bruno Beomonte Zobel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to prospectively evaluate and compare the accuracy of high-frequency TVS and of two type of MRI (dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI or diffusion-weighted MRI), in association with HE4 in preoperative endometrial cancer (EC) staging. STUDY DESIGN: Starting from January 2012 to February 2015, all patients with EC at prior endometrial biopsy, referred to the Division of Gynaecologic Oncology of the University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, were prospectively included in the study...
November 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Anju Sahdev
CT of the abdomen and pelvis is the first line imaging modality for staging, selecting treatment options and assessing disease response in ovarian cancer. The staging CT provides disease distribution, disease burden and is the imaging surrogate for surgico-pathological FIGO staging. Optimal cyto-reductive surgery offers patients' the best chance for disease control or cure, but sub-optimal resection confers no advantage over chemotherapy and adversely increases the risk of post surgical complications. Although there is extensive literature comparing performance of CT against laparoscopy and surgery, for the staging abdominal and pelvic CT, there are currently no accepted guidelines for interpretation or routinely used minimum data set templates for reporting these complex CT scans often with extensive radiological findings...
August 2, 2016: Cancer Imaging: the Official Publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
Rachel Kupets, K Christopher Giede, Patti Power, Anita Agrawal
OBJECTIVE: To provide guidance for referring physicians regarding what gynaecologic oncologists want and do not require in the referral package for a new patient. METHODS: An email survey was circulated to all members of the Society of Gynecologic Oncology of Canada (GOC) asking what they felt was required in a new patient referral package so that they could provide a timely consultation and management plan. RESULTS: The survey had a 79% response rate among 121 GOC members...
February 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Dinesh Manoharan, Chandan J Das, Ankita Aggarwal, Arun K Gupta
The management of gynaecological malignancies has undergone a significant change in recent years with our improved understanding of cancer biogenetics, development of new treatment regimens and enhanced screening. Due to the rapid blooming of newer methods and techniques in gynaecology, surgery and oncology the scope and the role of imaging has also widened. Functional imaging in the form of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) has been recently found to be very useful in assessing various tumours. Its ability to identify changes in the molecular level has dramatically changed the diagnostic approach of radiologists which was solely based on morphological criteria...
March 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
P Georgeena, Anupama Rajanbabu, D K Vijaykumar, K Pavithran, K R Sundaram, K S Deepak, M R Sanal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the treatment and survival pattern of patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS: Retrospective study of all advanced epithelial ovarian cancer patients treated in the department of gynaecologic oncology from an academic centre, in a four year period from 1 January 2008-31 December 2011. SELECTION CRITERIA: All patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (stage III and IV) who underwent surgery from 2008-2011and had a follow-up of at least three months after completion of treatment were included...
2016: Ecancermedicalscience
Yulia Lakhman, Melvin D'Anastasi, Maura Miccò, Chiara Scelzo, Hebert Alberto Vargas, Stephanie Nougaret, Ramon E Sosa, Dennis S Chi, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Hedvig Hricak, Evis Sala
PURPOSE: To determine if second-opinion review of gynaecologic oncologic (GynOnc) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by sub-specialized radiologists impacts patient care. METHODS: 469 second-opinion MRI interpretations rendered by GynOnc radiologists were retrospectively compared to the initial outside reports. Two gynaecologic surgeons, blinded to the reports' origins, reviewed all cases with discrepancies between initial and second-opinion MRI reports and recorded whether these discrepancies would have led to a change in patient management defined as a change in treatment approach, counselling, or referral...
July 2016: European Radiology
P Peng, Z H Zhu, Z J Zhong, K Zheng, J X Yang, D Y Cao, K Shen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the benefits of fluorine-18 fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography ((18)F-FDG-PET) in patients undergoing secondary cytoreductive surgery (SCRS) for recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: Patients were identified, and their clinical information was extracted by review of the gynaecologic oncology database of Peking Union Medical College Hospital. (18)F-FDG-PET scan and analysis were performed by nuclear medicine experts at our hospital...
August 2015: British Journal of Radiology
Sukhbir S Singh, Stephanie Scott, Olga Bougie, Nicholas Leyland, Nicholas Leyland, Wendy Wolfman, Catherine Allaire, Alaa Awadalla, Annette Bullen, Margaret Burnett, Susan Goldstein, Madeleine Lemyre, Violaine Marcoux, Frank Potestio, David Rittenberg, Sukhbir S Singh, Grace Yeung, Paul Hoskins, Dianne Miller, Walter Gotlieb, Marcus Bernardini, Laura Hopkins
OBJECTIVE: To review the use of tissue morcellation in minimally invasive gynaecological surgery. OUTCOMES: Morcellation may be used in gynaecological surgery to allow removal of large uterine specimens, providing women with a minimally invasive surgical option. Adverse oncologic outcomes of tissue morcellation should be mitigated through improved patient selection, preoperative investigations, and novel techniques that minimize tissue dispersion. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed and Medline in the spring of 2014 using appropriate controlled vocabulary (leiomyomsarcoma, uterine neoplasm, uterine myomectomy, hysterectomy) and key words (leiomyoma, endometrial cancer, uterine sarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, morcellation, and MRI)...
January 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Sabrina Boyrie, Claire Charra-Brunaud, Valentin Harter, Anne Ducassou, Youlia Kirova, Isabelle Barillot, Claude Krzisch, Philippe Lang, Marie-Hélène Baron, Xavier Montbarbon, Martine Delannes, Didier Peiffert
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of dose-volume histograms parameters on local control of three-dimensional (3D) image-based pulsed dose-rate brachytherapy (BT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Within a French multicentric prospective study, the data of the 110 patients treated for cervical cancer with external beam radiotherapy followed by 3D image-based and optimized pulsed dose-rate BT were analyzed. Delineation procedures were performed on magnetic resonance imaging in a minority of cases and on CT for the majority of cases, adapted from the Gynaecological Groupe Européen de Curiethérapie-European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology recommendations...
July 2014: Brachytherapy
Rohit Aiyer, Kieran Sweetman, Peter Larsen-Disney, Andrew Fish
This is a case report of a 33-year-old woman who presented 5 days post-partum with abdominal distension, abdominal discomfort, increased bladder pressure and fatigue. These symptoms prompted a pelvic ultrasound and CT scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvis which showed a large 20 cm left-sided adnexal mass. Following this imaging, blood tests revealed elevated tumour markers CA-125 and lactate dehydrogenase, resulting in referral to and surgical intervention by the gynaecology oncology team. Pathology and immunohistochemistry indicated that the tumour was a metastasis from the colon, that prompted for colonoscopy which confirmed that the carcinoma was a metastases from the sigmoid...
2013: BMJ Case Reports
H He, P Bhosale, W Wei, P Ramalingam, R Iyer
AIM: To evaluate utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in determining the primary site of endometrial versus cervical tumours when the biopsy results are inconclusive. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight patients who underwent a total hysterectomy for unknown primary adenocarcinoma of the uterus after endometrial and/or endocervical biopsies were included in the study. The 48 available pelvic MRI images were reviewed by two body radiologists independently and jointly to resolve discordance, blinded to any clinical and pathological information...
November 2013: Clinical Radiology
Emma Elliot
Endometrial cancer is the commonest gynaecological cancer in the UK. Affected women often live with long-term complex and debilitating side-effects of radiotherapy treatment, such as bowel toxicity, fatigue and psychosexual problems. Women also experience negative feelings around self-image and sexuality, which contribute to a decline in their quality of life. A review of the literature and national policy showed that women had unmet needs after completing radiotherapy treatment for endometrial cancers, and that cancer nurse specialists are in a prime position to deliver a holistic package of personalized care...
May 23, 2013: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Barbara Segedin, Jasenka Gugic, Primoz Petric
BACKGROUND: Accurate applicator placement is a precondition for the success of gynaecological brachytherapy (BT). Unrecognized uterine perforation can lead to bleeding, infection, high doses to pelvic organs and underdosage of the target volume, resulting in acute morbidity, long-term complications and reduced chance of cure. We aimed to assess the incidence and clinical characteristics of our cases with uterine perforation, review their management and impact on the treatment course. PATINETS AND METHODS: In all patients, treated with utero-vaginal image guided BT for gynaecological cancer between January 2006 and December 2011, the CT/MR images with the applicator in place were reviewed...
June 2013: Radiology and Oncology
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