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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679729/a-longitudinal-study-of-disc-height-narrowing-and-facet-joint-osteoarthritis-at-the-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine-evaluated-by-computed-tomography-the-framingham-study
#1
Mohamed Jarraya, Ali Guermazi, Amanda L Lorbergs, Elana Brochin, Douglas P Kiel, Mary L Bouxsein, L Adrienne Cupples, Elizabeth J Samelson
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Prevalence and progression of disc height narrowing (DHN) and facet joint osteoarthritis (FJOA) in the thoracic and lumbar regions in non-clinical populations are not well-established. PURPOSE: Use computed tomography (CT) images to determine prevalence and progression of DHN and FJOA according to age, sex, and spinal region. STUDY DESIGN: Six-year longitudinal study SAMPLE: 1,196 members of the Framingham Study (mean baseline age 61 ±9 years) OUTCOME MEASURES: We compared prevalence and progression (new or worsening) of moderate-to-severe DHN and FJOA by age, sex, and spinal region...
April 18, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679659/measurement-of-emotional-contagion-using-synchronization-of-heart-rhythm-pattern-between-two-persons-application-to-sales-managers-and-sales-force-synchronization
#2
Sangin Park, Soo Ji Choi, Sungchul Mun, Mincheol Whang
The purpose of this study was to measure emotional contagion, determine its direction, and compare the intensity between positive and negative contagion using the synchronization of heart rhythm pattern (HRP). A total of 64 undergraduate students (32 women and 32 men) participated in the experiment, and were randomly categorized as either leaders or followers. Followers were required to imitate the facial expression (happy and sad) of the leader (emotional contagion) or of a facial image (emotional non-contagion)...
April 18, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679262/serum-osteoprotegerin-levels-and-mammographic-density-among-high-risk-women
#3
Olivia Moran, Tasnim Zaman, Andrea Eisen, Rochelle Demsky, Kristina Blackmore, Julia A Knight, Christine Elser, Ophira Ginsburg, Kevin Zbuk, Martin Yaffe, Steven A Narod, Leonardo Salmena, Joanne Kotsopoulos
PURPOSE: Mammographic density is a risk factor for breast cancer but the mechanism behind this association is unclear. The receptor activator of nuclear factor κB (RANK)/RANK ligand (RANKL) pathway has been implicated in the development of breast cancer. Given the role of RANK signaling in mammary epithelial cell proliferation, we hypothesized this pathway may also be associated with mammographic density. Osteoprotegerin (OPG), a decoy receptor for RANKL, is known to inhibit RANK signaling...
April 20, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679210/gout-of-hand-and-wrist-the-value-of-us-as-compared-with-dect
#4
Andrea S Klauser, Ethan J Halpern, Sylvia Strobl, Mohamed M H Abd Ellah, Johann Gruber, Rosa Bellmann-Weiler, Thomas Auer, Gudrun Feuchtner, Werner Jaschke
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare findings of ultrasound (US) with dual-energy CT (DECT) in patients presenting with suspected gouty hand and wrist arthritis. METHODS: This prospective study included 180 patients (136 men and 44 women, age range, 31- 94 years; mean age, 65.9 years) with an initial clinical diagnosis of acute gouty arthritis who underwent DECT and US examination. Intra- and extra-articular findings of each modality were tabulated and calculated with DECT as gold standard...
April 20, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679138/sexual-quality-of-life-body-image-distress-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-colorectal-cancer-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Jennifer Barsky Reese, Elizabeth Handorf, Jennifer A Haythornthwaite
PURPOSE: The objectives were to assess changes in sexual QOL and body image distress over time and to examine longitudinal associations between sexual QOL and body image variables with psychosocial outcomes in a sample of colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: Participants (N = 141) completed a mail-based survey assessing sexual QOL [sexual distress (ISS), treatment impact on sexual function (SFQ), sexual function (FSFI; IIEF)], body image distress (BIS), and psychosocial outcomes [relationship quality (DAS-4), depressive symptoms (CESD-SF), and health-related QOL (HRQOL; FACT-C)]; 88 patients completed 6-month follow-up surveys (62%)...
April 20, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679116/arthroscopic-treatment-for-intratendinous-rotator-cuff-tear-results-in-satisfactory-clinical-outcomes-and-structural-integrity
#6
Sang Jin Cheon, Hyo Yeol Lee, Woong Ki Jeon
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes and structural integrity of arthroscopic repair of intratendinous rotator cuff tear. METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with an intratendinous tear but in whom conservative treatment failed were selected and underwent arthroscopic repair. Between 2008 and 2014, a total of 30 patients (6 men, 24 women; mean age, 59 ± 3.7 years) met the inclusion criteria and were followed up. The mean follow-up period was 26...
April 20, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678704/clinical-parameters-to-distinguish-silent-corticotroph-adenomas-from-other-nonfunctioning-pituitary-adenomas
#7
Daham Kim, Cheol Ryong Ku, Se Hee Park, Ju Hyung Moon, Eui Hyun Kim, Sun Ho Kim, Eun Jig Lee
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to distinguish silent corticotroph adenomas (SCAs) from other nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) preoperatively. This study aimed to determine the preoperative clinical parameters associated with SCAs. METHODS: This was a retrospective single-center study of patients who underwent surgery for NFPAs during 2011-2016 in our tertiary hospital and who had preoperative combined pituitary function test (CPFT) and immunohistochemical staining results available...
April 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678623/differences-in-subchondral-bone-plate-and-cartilage-thickness-between-women-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructions-and-uninjured-controls
#8
Jennifer L Bhatla, Andres Kroker, Sarah L Manske, Carolyn A Emery, Steven K Boyd
OBJECTIVE: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears increase early onset osteoarthritis (OA) risk leading to cartilage and bone degradation. While the contribution of bone in OA development is unclear, evidence suggests that bone changes accompany cartilage degradation. This study aims to assess if regions with differences in subchondral bone plate thickness have differences in cartilage thickness when comparing ACL reconstructed (ACLR) knees of women ≥5 years post-injury to contralateral and controls with uninjured knees...
April 17, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678138/an-anthropometric-study-of-distal-tibiofibular-syndesmosis-dts-in-a-chinese-population
#9
Mingyang Yu, Yao Zhang, Yun Su, Feng Wang, Dewei Zhao
BACKGROUND: To improve the diagnostic accuracy of distal tibiofibular syndesmoses (DTS), this study quantified the range in variations of the normal DTS in a Chinese population, based on CT scan images. METHODS: The study population comprised 92 patients with unilateral ankle injury. CT scans included the non-injured contralateral DTS. The position of the fibula relative to the fibular notch (incisure) of the tibia was quantified by inclusion or separation indices, based on whether the fibula was within or outside the fibular incisure, respectively...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677666/use-of-cleaner-burning-biomass-stoves-and-airway-macrophage-black-carbon-in-malawian-women
#10
Abigail L Whitehouse, Lisa Miyashita, Norrice M Liu, Maia Lesosky, Graham Flitz, Chifundo Ndamala, John R Balmes, Stephen B Gordon, Kevin Mortimer, Jonathan Grigg
Exposure to particulate matter (PM) from burning of biomass for cooking is associated with adverse health effects. It is unknown whether or not cleaner burning biomass-fuelled cookstoves reduce the amount of PM inhaled by women compared with traditional open fires. We sought to assess whether airway macrophage black carbon (AMBC) - a marker of inhaled dose of carbonaceous PM from biomass and fossil fuel combustion - is lower in Malawian women using a cleaner burning biomass-fuelled cookstove compared with those using open fires for cooking...
April 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676809/prevalence-of-maternal-birth-trauma-in-nepali-women
#11
Friyan Turel, Delena Caagbay, Hans Peter Dietz
OBJECTIVES: Pelvic organ prolapse is very common among women in Nepal, especially uterine prolapse. This would suggest a high rate of levator trauma, which is a strong predictor of such prolapse in the Western world. Hence, we decided to study the prevalence of maternal birth trauma in Nepali women. METHODS: In November 2016, we offered an interview, clinical examination, and 4-dimensional translabial sonography to women attending a gynecology clinic. Of 129 women seen, 5 were excluded due to previous pelvic surgery...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675745/a-proposal-for-an-atypical-femur-fracture-treatment-and-prevention-clinical-practice-guideline
#12
REVIEW
R Dell, D Greene
The prevention as well as the treatment of atypical femur fractures (AFFs) remains controversial but there have been many clinical recommendations suggested. We have summarized these recommendations as well as expanded upon them in this paper. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the paper was to develop a clinical practice guideline that both treats AFF and decreases the risk of AFF in patients requiring antiresorptive medications. Examples of these medications include bisphosphonates and denosumab for the treatment of osteoporosis...
April 19, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675423/differences-of-the-morphology-of-subaxial-cervical-spine-endplates-between-chinese-and-white-men-and-women
#13
Qi Yao, Peng Yin, Kamran Khan, Tsung-Yuan Tsai, Jing-Sheng Li, Yong Hai, Peifu Tang, Guoan Li
Objective. The aim of this comparative anatomical study was to specifically investigate endplate morphology differences between Chinese and White men and women. Materials and Methods. Three-dimensional cervical endplate models were constructed using computed tomography imaging of 41 healthy Chinese and 24 White subjects. The morphologic measurements of cervical endplate included linear parameters (EPWu: upper endplate width; EPDu: upper endplate depth; EPWl: lower endplate width; and EPDl: lower endplate depth) and area parameters with a digital measuring system...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675082/susac-s-syndrome-retinocochleocerebral-vasculopathy-follow-up-of-a-pediatric-patient
#14
Zeynep Selen Karalok, Birce Dilge Taskin, Alev Guven, Cemile Atilgan Ucgul, Omer Faruk Aydin
Susac's syndrome (SS) is a triad of encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO), and sensorineural hearing loss as a result of microvascular occlusions of the brain, retina, and inner ear. It is also a disorder of autoimmune endotheliopathy. SS usually affects young women between the age of 20 and 40 years. SS can be misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis (MS) or acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) because of similar findings. A 15-year-old girl presented in June 2015 with vomiting and severe headache...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675077/a-tale-of-treatable-infantile-neuroregression-and-diagnostic-dilemma-with-glutaric-aciduria-type-i
#15
Sangeetha Yoganathan, Mugil Varman, Samuel Philip Oommen, Maya Thomas
Nutritional deficiencies related neurological manifestations are not uncommon in infants and children. Here, we describe an infant with Vitamin B12 deficiency due to depleted maternal Vitamin B12 status presenting with progressive encephalopathy and extrapyramidal signs. Diagnosis of infantile tremor syndrome was established in our patient based on the clinical and biochemical parameters. Magnetic resonance imaging had shown frontotemporal atrophy with widened Sylvian fissures and prominent cerebrospinal fluid spaces...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674196/clinical-and-imaging-profile-of-patients-with-new-onset-seizures-a-presumptive-diagnosis-of-eclampsia-a-prospective-observational-study
#16
Vandana Bojja, Anish Keepanasseril, Pradeep P Nair, V C Sunitha
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical and imaging profile of patients with new-onset seizures with a presumptive diagnosis of eclampsia. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, conducted in a tertiary teaching hospital, on pregnant women presenting with new onset seizures with presumptive diagnosis of eclampsia excluding those with pre-existing neurological conditions. Demographic details, medical and obstetric examination findings were noted. All women underwent neuroimaging within 5 days of onset seizures...
February 25, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673325/incidence-pattern-and-prognosis-of-brain-metastases-in-patients-with-metastatic-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#17
Jia Jin, Yu Gao, Jian Zhang, Leiping Wang, Biyun Wang, Jun Cao, Zhimin Shao, Zhonghua Wang
BACKGROUND: To identify the incidence, recurrence pattern and prognosis of brain metastases (BM) among women with metastatic triple negative breast cancer (mTNBC) treated consecutively at a single institution during a 7-year period. METHODS: Patients with histologically confirmed mTNBC were retrospectively identified. The incidence of BM as first site of recurrence and the cumulative BM incidence were computed. We used the Cox proportional hazards model to identify the univariate and multivariate factors associated with survival...
April 19, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673290/professional-self-concept-and-professional-values-of-senior-students-of-the-nursing-department
#18
Mehtap Çöplü, Pınar Tekinsoy Kartın
AIM: This study was carried out in order to determine professional self-concept and professional values in the students, who were studying in the final year of the nursing department in schools providing undergraduate education in the Inner Anatolia Region. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a total of 619 senior students of nursing departments in the Inner Anatolia Region. Data were collected using a Student Information Form, Professional Self-Concept Scale for the Student Nurses, and The Nurses' Professional Values Scale...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672906/do-brain-structural-abnormalities-differentiate-separate-forms-of-urgency-urinary-incontinence
#19
Becky D Clarkson, Derek Griffiths, Neil M Resnick
AIMS: Urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) is a major problem for seniors. The underlying mechanisms of disease and therapy are unknown. We sought structural brain abnormalities that might underlie the functional differences previously observed by functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging in UUI patients versus controls, or among UUI responders versus non-responders to therapy-and thereby reveal potential disease mechanisms and therapeutic targets. METHODS: Secondary study of a trial of biofeedback-assisted pelvic floor muscle training (BFB) in 60 women (>60 yrs) with UUI, plus 11 age-matched continent controls...
April 19, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672905/association-between-pelvic-organ-prolapse-types-and-levator-urethra-gap-as-measured-by-3d-transperineal-ultrasound
#20
Bence Kozma, Kindra Larson, Lauren Scott, Tina D Cunningham, Alfred Abuhamad, Robert Poka, Peter Takacs
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between pelvic organ prolapse (POP) types and levator-urethra gap (LUG) as measured by 3-dimensional transperineal tomographic ultrasound. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on 98 women with symptomatic POP. Three-dimensional transperineal tomographic ultrasound images and POP quantification coordinates were reviewed. Each vaginal compartment was staged for the degree of prolapse, and total number of involved compartments identified...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
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