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Women Imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223020/depressive-symptoms-impaired-glucose-metabolism-high-visceral-fat-and-high-systolic-blood-pressure-in-a-subgroup-of-women-with-recent-gestational-diabetes
#1
U Ferrari, F Banning, I Freibothe, K Tröndle, V Sacco, C Wichmann, S Reif, S Moschko, A Potzel, C Gar, N N Sommer, D Popp, J Seissler, A Lechner, H Künzel
Women with gestational diabetes (GDM) are a high risk group for early type 2 diabetes (T2D). Depression is a risk factor for T2D in the general population. We investigated in women after a recent pregnancy with GDM and without a clinical diagnosis of depression, whether mild to moderate depressive symptoms associate with pathologic glucose metabolism. In a cross-sectional analysis, we examined 173 women, 9 ± 3 months after delivery with several psychopathological assessments, 5-point oral glucose tolerance test with insulin, anthropometrics, and laboratory chemistry...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222861/zero-fluoroscopy-permanent-pacemaker-implantation-using-ensite-navx-system-clinical-viability-or-fanciful-technique
#2
Ping Guo, Jie Qiu, Yan Wang, Guangzhi Chen, Riccardo Proietti, Al-Selmi Fadhle, Chunxia Zhao, Dao Wen Wang
BACKGROUND: Fluoroscopy is the imaging modality routinely used for cardiac device implantation and electrophysiological procedures. Due to the rising concern regarding the harmful effects of radiation exposure to both the patients and operation staffs, novel 3D mapping systems have been developed and implemented in electrophysiological procedure for the navigation of catheters inside the heart chambers. Their applicability in cardiac device implantation has been rarely reported. Our aim is to evaluate the feasibility and safety of permanent pacemaker implantation without fluoroscopy...
December 9, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221944/living-uterus-donation-and-transplantation-experience-of-interest-and-screening-in-a-single-center-in-the-united-states
#3
Liza Johannesson, Kristin Wallis, E Colin Koon, Gregory J Mckenna, Tiffany Anthony, Sara G Leffingwell, Goran B Klintmalm, Robert T Gunby, Giuliano Testa
BACKGROUND: Little is known about attitudes toward uterus donation and transplantation in society and the interest of the women the treatment is aimed to assist. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the interest of recipients and living donors in our uterus transplantation program; it describes the screening protocol we developed and the results of the screening and reports demographic data and characteristics of screened candidates. STUDY DESIGN: Initial screening and evaluation included physical examinations by a gynecologist and a transplant surgeon; psychological evaluation; imaging (x-ray, computed tomography, ultrasound); blood tests; immunological testing; viral, bacterial, and fungal testing; drug screen; hormonal testing; Pap smear; urinalysis; and electrocardiogram...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221936/volumetric-measurement-of-hepatic-tumors-accuracy-of-manual-contouring-using-ct-with-volumetric-pathology-as-the-reference-method
#4
L F Pupulim, M Ronot, V Paradis, S Chemouny, V Vilgrain
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of liver tumor volumetry by manual contouring on computed tomography (CT) compared to pathological tumor volume determined from surgical specimen that served as a reference method. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Thirty-eight patients with planned liver surgery and a total of 41 liver tumors were included. There were 24 men and 14 women (mean age: 57 years; range: 32-85 years). Two readers calculated tumor volume by manual contouring on axial CT images...
December 5, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221270/analysis-of-the-clinical-differentiation-of-pulmonary-sclerosing-pneumocytoma-and-lung-cancer
#5
Jun Zhu
Background: Pulmonary sclerosing pneumocytoma (PSP) is a rare benign lung tumor. This study investigated the diagnostic experience of PSP and lung cancer. Methods: This study is a retrospective study. We observed the locations of lung lesions, imaging form and clinical symptoms, and recorded the surgical complications through comparing patients with PSP and lung cancer. Results: From December 2012 to February 2017, 187 PSP cases and 197 lung cancer cases were collected...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220731/quantitative-texture-analysis-in-the-prediction-of-idh-status-in-low-grade-gliomas
#6
Asgeir Store Jakola, Yi-Hua Zhang, Anne J Skjulsvik, Ole Solheim, Hans Kristian Bø, Erik Magnus Berntsen, Ingerid Reinertsen, Sasha Gulati, Petter Förander, Torkel B Brismar
OBJECTIVES: Molecular markers provide valuable information about treatment response and prognosis in patients with low-grade gliomas (LGG). In order to make this important information available prior to surgery the aim of this study was to explore if molecular status in LGG can be discriminated by preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with histopathologically confirmed LGG with available molecular status who had undergone a preoperative standard clinical MRI protocol using a 3T Siemens Skyra scanner during 2008-2015 were retrospectively identified...
December 5, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220579/pupillary-responses-to-static-images-of-men-and-women-a-possible-measure-of-sexual-interest
#7
Robert J Snowden, Aimee McKinnon, Julie Fitoussi, Nicola S Gray
The pupil dilates to images that are arousing. In Experiment 1, we examined if the pupil's response to brief presentations (2,000 ms) of static images could be used to identify individuals' sexual orientation. Participants were grouped according to their self-reported gender and sexual orientation (male heterosexual, N = 20; male bisexual, N = 13; male homosexual, N = 19; female heterosexual, N = 28; female bisexual, N = 21; female homosexual, N = 17). Pupil size was monitored to images of men in seminude poses, women in seminude poses, or neutral images...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219189/breast-cancer-diagnosis-imaging-techniques-and-biochemical-markers
#8
REVIEW
Seyed Hamed Jafari, Zahra Saadatpour, Arash Salmaninejad, Fatemeh Momeni, Mojgan Mokhtari, Javid Sadri Nahand, Majid Rahmati, Hamed Mirzaei, Mojtaba Kianmehr
Breast cancer is a complex disease which is found as the second cause of cancer-associated death among women. Accumulating of evidence indicated that various factors (i.e. gentical and envirmental factors) could be associated with initiation and progression of breast cancer. Diagnosis of breast cancer patients in early stages is one of important aspects of breast cancer treatment. Among of various diagnosis platforms, imaging techniques are main diagnosis approaches which could provide valuable data on patients with breast cancer...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218753/neuronal-responses-to-the-scratching-and-caressing-of-one-s-own-skin-in-patients-with-skin-picking-disorder
#9
Anne Schienle, Sonja Übel, Albert Wabnegger
Skin-picking disorder (SPD) is a common mental disorder. The predominant symptom involves the repeated scratching and picking of one's own skin. This behavior causes severe tissue damage (sores, scars, and infections), often leading to disfigurement. Besides physical injury, SPD is associated with clinically significant distress and impairment in important areas of functioning. The neurobiological mechanisms of SPD are still poorly understood. In this study, 30 SPD patients and 31 control participants (35 women, 26 men) with a mean age of 34 years were instructed to either scratch or gently stroke a small skin area on their arms during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
December 7, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218610/feasibility-of-whole-body-diffusion-weighted-mri-for-detection-of-primary-tumour-nodal-and-distant-metastases-in-women-with-cancer-during-pregnancy-a-pilot-study
#10
Sileny N Han, Frédéric Amant, Katrijn Michielsen, Frederik De Keyzer, Steffen Fieuws, Kristel Van Calsteren, Raphaëla C Dresen, Mina Mhallem Gziri, Vincent Vandecaveye
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of whole-body diffusion-weighted MRI (WB-DWI/MRI) for detecting primary tumour, nodal and distant metastases in pregnant women with cancer. METHODS: Twenty pregnant patients underwent WB-DWI/MRI in additional to conventional imaging. Reproducibility of WB-DWI/MRI between two readers was evaluated using Cohen's κ statistics and accuracy was compared to conventional imaging for assessing primary tumour site, nodal and visceral metastases...
December 7, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218129/pubic-symphysis-diastasis-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#11
Jaya Jethra Chawla, Devendra Arora, Namrita Sandhu, Megha Jain, Anju Kumari
Separation of pubic symphysis during delivery is a rare complication resulting in considerable and prolonged morbidity for parturient women. The usual presentation is that of something giving way in the region of the symphysis pubis sometimes with an audible crack at the time of delivery. Unbearable pain on moving from side-to-side and on performing any weight-bearing activity (such as walking or climbing stairs) precludes ambulation in the immediate postpartum period. This could be accompanied by disruption of the sacroiliac joint, hemorrhage, or urine incontinence in severe cases...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218120/characteristics-and-correlates-of-woman-eligible-for-targeted-screening-mammography-in-oman
#12
Mahmood Masud Al Awfi, Obaid Said Al-Hubaishi
Objectives: We sought to determine the characteristics of women eligible for a high-yield screening mammography program in Oman. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of women who underwent breast cancer screening at the Oman Cancer Association from 22 December 2009 to 6 February 2011. Women with a Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) score of 4-5 were compared with those with a score of 1-3 based on well-known breast cancer risk factors using the case-control approach analysis...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217819/association-between-serum-neuron-specific-enolase-age-overweight-and-structural-mri-patterns-in-901-subjects
#13
Johanna Hoffmann, Deborah Janowitz, Sandra Van der Auwera, Katharina Wittfeld, Matthias Nauck, Nele Friedrich, Mohamad Habes, Christos Davatzikos, Jan Terock, Martin Bahls, Annemarie Goltz, Angela Kuhla, Henry Völzke, Hans Jörgen Grabe
Serum neuron-specific enolase (sNSE) is considered a marker for neuronal damage, related to gray matter structures. Previous studies indicated its potential as marker for structural and functional damage in conditions with adverse effects to the brain like obesity and dementia. In the present study, we investigated the putative association between sNSE levels, body mass index (BMI), total gray matter volume (GMV), and magnetic resonance imaging-based indices of aging as well as Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like patterns...
December 8, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217343/patent-foramen-ovale-in-patients-with-pulmonary-embolism-a-prognostic-factor-on-ct-pulmonary-angiography
#14
Meng Zhang, Stephanie Tan, Vishal Patel, Benjamin A Zalta, Anna Shmukler, Jeffrey M Levsky, Vineet R Jain, Nada M Shaban, Linda B Haramati
BACKGROUND: Patent foramen ovale (PFO) in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) represents a risk factor for mortality, but this has not been evaluated for CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA). The purpose of the present study was to assess the relationship between PFO and mortality in patients with acute PE diagnosed on CTPA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 268 adults [173 women, mean age 61 (range 22-98) years] diagnosed with acute PE on non-ECG-gated 64-slice CTPA in 2012 at our medical center...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216847/magnetic-resonance-imaging-analysis-of-brain-function-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#15
Danping Wang, Xie Zhang, Xuesong Zhang, Zhigang Huang, Yufei Song
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional disease of the gastrointestinal tract. The current study aimed to examine the association between visceral hypersensitivity in IBS and cortical activation using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and to elucidate the role of psychological factors in the pathogenesis of IBS. METHODS: The present study included 31 patients with IBS and 20 healthy controls. Cerebral function was assessed using fMRI...
December 8, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215821/a-fast-3-dimensional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-reconstruction-for-surgical-planning-of-uterine-myomectomy
#16
Sa Ra Lee, Young Jae Kim, Kwang Gi Kim
BACKGROUND: Uterine myoma is the most common benign gynecologic tumor in reproductive-aged women. During myomectomy for women who want to preserve fertility, it is advisable to detect and remove all myomas to decrease the risk of additional surgery. However, finding myomas during surgery is often challenging, especially for deep-seated myomas. Therefore, three-dimensional (3D) preoperative localization of myomas can be helpful for the surgical planning for myomectomy. However, the previously reported manual 3D segmenting method takes too much time and effort for clinical use...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215535/the-clinicopathological-aspects-of-primary-presacral-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-one-center-experience
#17
Guoqing Yang, Deepti Dhall, Run Yu, Richard Tuli, Farin F Amersi, Marc L Friedman, Nicholas N Nissen, Andrew E Hendifar
OBJECTIVES: Presacral neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are rare entities that are found at the presacral space. We report our experience in the diagnosis, management, and outcomes of primary presacral NENs. METHODS: This was an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of medical records and surgical pathology specimens of patients with a diagnosis of NENs at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center between January 2000 and April 2016. RESULTS: Ten patients were identified...
December 5, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215392/physiologic-uptake-of-18f-fdg-in-transposed-ovaries-may-mimic-metastasis-on-18f-fdg-pet-ct-imaging
#18
Tima Davidson, Orna Komisar, Jacob Korach, Shira Felder, Sara Apter, Simona Ben-Haim, Tamar Perri
BACKGROUND: Ovarian transposition is aimed at preserving ovarian function before irradiation in pelvic malignancies. The extrapelvic location of the ovaries and their physiologic fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG)-uptake is a potential source of misdiagnosis as metastasis on F-FDG PET/CT. We describe the F-FDG PET/CT characteristics of transposed ovaries and their changes over time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed F-FDG PET/CT studies of all consecutive women with pelvic malignancies who underwent ovarian transposition between 2007 and 2013...
December 5, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214637/identification-and-treatment-of-gestational-trophoblastic-neoplasia-located-in-the-cesarean-scar
#19
Xiaoyu Wang, Yuan Li, Junjun Yang, Yonglan He, Ming Wang, Xirun Wan, Yang Xiang
OBJECTIVE: To identify the clinical characteristics of, and the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for, gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) located in the cesarean scar. METHODS: The present retrospective analysis was conducted among patients diagnosed with GTN located in the cesarean scar at Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China, between June 1, 2006, and May 31, 2016. Clinical features, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, and outcomes were reviewed...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214466/large-scale-dna-organization-is-a-prognostic-marker-of-breast-cancer-survival
#20
Martial Guillaud, Qian Ye, Sam Leung, Anita Carraro, Alan Harrison, Malcolm Hayes, Alan Nichol, Mira Keyes
Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women worldwide. We investigated whether changes in large-scale DNA organization (LDO) of tumor epithelial nuclei are an indicator of the aggressiveness of the tumor. We tested our algorithm on a set of 172 duplicates TMA cores samples coming from 95 breast cancer patients. Thirty-five patients died of breast cancer, and 60 were still alive 10 years after surgery. Duplicates cores were used to create training and test set. The TMA slides were stained with Feulgen-thionin and imaged using our in-house high-resolution Imaging system...
December 6, 2017: Medical Oncology
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