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Women Imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635985/experiences-of-women-with-gestational-trophoblastic-neoplasia-treated-with-high-dose-chemotherapy-and-stem-cell-transplantation-a-qualitative-study
#1
Kam Singh, Clare Warnock, Jane Ireson, Sarah Strickland, Delia Short, Michael J Seckl, Barry W Hancock
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of women with gestational trophoblastic neoplasia during and after treatment to understand their perspectives, priorities, and concerns.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: A descriptive, exploratory study using in-depth semistructured interviews.
. SETTING: All interviews were conducted in a quiet, designated room at Weston Park Hospital in Sheffield, South Yorkshire.
. PARTICIPANTS: Women with gestational trophoblastic neoplasia who had received stem cell transplantation from 2003 to 2013...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634561/custom-made-alumina-ceramic-total-talar-prosthesis-for-idiopathic-aseptic-necrosis-of-the-talus-report-of-two-cases
#2
Ichiro Tonogai, Daisuke Hamada, Yuhei Yamasaki, Keizo Wada, Tomoya Takasago, Takahiko Tsutsui, Tomohiro Goto, Koichi Sairyo
Two women aged 65 years and 78 years presented to our center with idiopathic necrosis of the talus. In both cases, imaging examinations showed collapse and sclerotic changes of the talar body caused by the necrosis. Both women underwent resection and placement of a third-generation custom-made alumina ceramic total talar prosthesis. Immobilization of the ankle in a short-leg cast for 3 weeks was followed by early rehabilitation. One year and 6 months after surgery, both women were able to walk without pain...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633637/seroma-change-during-magnetic-resonance-imaging-guided-partial-breast-irradiation-and-its-clinical-implications
#3
Seung Hyuck Jeon, Kyung Hwan Shin, So-Yeon Park, Jung-In Kim, Jong Min Park, Jin Ho Kim, Eui Kyu Chie, Hong-Gyun Wu
BACKGROUND: To investigate the patterns of post-lumpectomy seroma volume (SV) change and related clinical factors to determine the benefits of adaptive planning in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided partial breast irradiation (PBI). METHODS: MRI data obtained from 37 women with early breast cancer acquired at simulation and at the 1st, 6th, and 10th fractions were analyzed. The planning target volume (PTV) was defined as unequal margins of 10-15 mm added according to the directional surgical margin status of each seroma...
June 20, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632746/body-part-compatibility-effects-are-modulated-by-the-tendency-for-women-to-experience-negative-social-comparative-emotions-and-the-body-type-of-the-model
#4
Eva Pila, Kimberely Jovanov, Timothy N Welsh, Catherine M Sabiston
Although exposure to physique-salient media images of women's bodies has been consistently linked with negative psychological consequences, little is known about the cognitive processes that lead to these negative effects. The present study employed a novel adaptation of a computerized response time (RT) task to (i) assess implicit cognitive processing when exposed to the body of another individual, and (ii) examine individual differences in social comparative emotions that may influence the cognitive processing of human bodies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632092/unscripted-exploring-representations-of-older-unpartnered-women-s-sexuality
#5
Beth Montemurro, Lisa Chewning
Images of sexually active women beyond the age of 50 are lacking in popular culture and in particular on television. Dominant sexual scripts depict older women as generally asexual. The television program Hot in Cleveland features unpartnered midlife and older women as main characters. In this article, based on analysis of four seasons of Hot in Cleveland, we look closely at portrayals of sexual activity to see whether they underscore dominant sexual scripts mocking older women's sexual interest, position aging as sexual decline, or reinforce the narrative of "successful" aging/aging as progress...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632041/automated-volumetry-of-hippocampus-is-useful-to-confirm-unilateral-mesial-temporal-sclerosis-in-patients-with-radiologically-positive-findings
#6
Guilherme Silva, Cristina Martins, Nádia Moreira da Silva, Duarte Vieira, Dias Costa, Ricardo Rego, José Fonseca, João Paulo Silva Cunha
Background and purpose We evaluated two methods to identify mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS): visual inspection by experienced epilepsy neuroradiologists based on structural magnetic resonance imaging sequences and automated hippocampal volumetry provided by a processing pipeline based on the FMRIB Software Library. Methods This retrospective study included patients from the epilepsy monitoring unit database of our institution. All patients underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging in 1.5T and 3T scanners with protocols that included thin coronal T2, T1 and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery and isometric T1 acquisitions...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631522/evidence-based-management-of-non-tubal-ectopic-pregnancies
#7
Aderemi Olaoluwa Alalade, Fredrick John Ennis Smith, Charlotte Emma Kendall, Funlayo Odejinmi
Recent advances in ultrasonography and the use of other modalities including magnetic resonance imaging scans have led to the early and more accurate diagnosis of non-tubal ectopic pregnancies (NTE). As a result, the management of these pregnancies has evolved. This article addresses the management options currently available for NTE. While surgical management remains the mainstay of treatment for ovarian, abdominal and cornual ectopics, there is growing evidence that some of these can be managed medically...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630765/enhanced-depth-imaging-optical-coherence-tomography-a-new-way-measuring-choroidal-thickness-in-pregnant-women
#8
REVIEW
Jun Zhang, Huiyun Wang, Qiubo Yu, Qihu Tong, Qinkang Lu
The body changes markedly during pregnancy; each system behaves differently from a nonpregnant state. As the eyes are the only windows to see directly what is going on in the internal environment, more and more researches have been done to explain the association between ocular changes and the physiological and pathological changes during pregnancy. The choroid is one of the critical parts of the eye, providing nutrition. And abnormal choroid may result in ocular dysfunction and visual problems. As the optical coherence tomography develops, a rapid, direct, noninvasive, and nontoxic way is available to obtain the choroid situation of pregnant women, which may explain the mechanism of pregnancy-related eye diseases...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630567/a-clinical-prospective-observational-cohort-study-on-the-prevalence-and-primary-diagnostic-accuracy-of-occult-vertebral-fractures-in-aged-women-with-acute-lower-back-pain-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#9
Atsushi Terakado, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuhide Inage, Go Kubota, Tomohiro Kanzaki, Hiroshi Mori, Yuji Shinohara, Junichi Nakamura, Yusuke Matsuura, Yasuchika Aoki, Takeo Furuya, Masao Koda, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Elderly female patients complaints of acute low back pain (LBP) may involve vertebral fracture (VF), among which occult VF (OVF: early-stage VF without any morphological change) is often missed to be detected by primary X-ray examination. The current study aimed to investigate the prevalence of VF and OVF and the diagnostic accuracy of the initial X-ray in detecting OVF. METHOD: Subjects were elderly women (>70 years old) complaining of acute LBP with an accurate onset date...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630235/ultrasound-markers-of-carotid-atherosclerosis-and-cognition-the-northern-manhattan-study
#10
Hannah Gardener, Michelle R Caunca, Chuanhui Dong, Ying Kuen Cheung, Mitchell S V Elkind, Ralph L Sacco, Tatjana Rundek, Clinton B Wright
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ultrasound markers of carotid atherosclerosis may be related to cognitive status. We hypothesized that individuals with greater carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and carotid plaque burden would exhibit worse cognition. METHODS: One thousand one hundred sixty-six stroke-free participants from the NOMAS (Northern Manhattan Study) underwent carotid ultrasound and neuropsychological examination. Among them, 826 underwent a second neuropsychological examination an average of 5 years later...
June 19, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629689/advanced-power-doppler-technique-increases-synovial-vascularity-detection-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#11
Davide Orlandi, Salvatore Gitto, Silvia Perugin Bernardi, Angelo Corazza, Luca De Flaviis, Enzo Silvestri, Marco Amedeo Cimmino, Luca Maria Sconfienza
We compared the diagnostic performance of an advanced power Doppler technique (superb microvascular imaging [SMI]) with that of power Doppler Imaging (PDI) and B-mode ultrasound (US) in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and RA under treatment with rituximab. Thirty patients (21 women aged 45 ± 11 y) affected by RA with remission to moderate disease activity were examined. Both hand joints were evaluated using US, PDI and SMI. Two radiologists reviewed all video clips and evaluated synovial vascularity intensity using a semi-quantitative scoring system...
June 16, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629605/ct-findings-in-11-patients-with-tafro-syndrome-a-variant-of-multicentric-castleman-s-disease
#12
T Kiguchi, C Sato, K Takai, Y Nakai, Y Kaneko, M Matsuki
AIM: To assess detailed computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with the recently described thrombocytopenia, anasarca, fever, reticulin fibrosis, and organomegaly (TAFRO) syndrome, in order to contribute to imaging interpretation in the challenging diagnosis of this disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved this retrospective study and waived the need for informed consent. Eleven patients (six men, five women; mean age, 52.5 years) with confirmed TAFRO syndrome were included in this study...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629577/comparison-of-ultrasonography-guided-percutaneous-microwave-ablation-for-subcapsular-and-nonsubcapsular-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#13
Fangyi Liu, Xiaoling Yu, Zhigang Cheng, Zhiyu Han, Ya Sun, Ping Liang, Fubo Zhou
PURPOSE: To compare the prognosis of subcapsular and nonsubcapsular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after ultrasonography (US)-guided percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2015, 463 enrollment patients (382 men, 81 women; age range, 24-95 years) with a single HCC underwent US-guided percutaneous MWA. The patients were divided into two groups according to tumor location: subcapsular (n=224) and nonsubcapsular (n=239)...
June 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629386/strain-elastography-imaging-for-early-detection-and-prediction-of-tumor-response-to-concurrent-chemo-radiotherapy-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-feasibility-study
#14
Yan Xu, Lijing Zhu, Baorui Liu, Tong Ru, Huanhuan Wang, Jian He, Song Liu, Xiaofeng Yang, Zhengyang Zhou, Tian Liu
BACKGROUND: To investigate the feasibility of strain elastography imaging in early detecting and predicting treatment response in patients receiving concurrent chemo-radiotherapy (CCRT) for locally advanced cervical cancer. METHODS: Between January 2015 and June 2016, 47 patients with locally advanced cervical cancer were enrolled in a feasibility study approved by the institutional review board. All patients underwent CCRT and received strain elastography examinations at 4 time points: pre-therapy (baseline), 1 week and 2 weeks during, as well as immediately post CCRT...
June 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627262/a-longitudinal-study-investigating-cervical-changes-during-labor-using-a-wireless-ultrasound-device
#15
Juyoung Kim, Sukyoung Kim, Seungjoo Jeon, Sunyoung Jung
PURPOSE: Cervical assessment during digital vaginal examination (DVE) includes assessing cervical dilatation, effacement, position, and consistency. Only cervical dilatation during labor has been previously researched. We investigated cervical changes, including cervical dilatation and effacement, using a wireless ultrasound device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a longitudinal study investigating cervical changes during labor using a wireless ultrasound device...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626987/prolactinomas-diagnosed-in-the-postmenopausal-period-clinical-phenotype-and-outcomes
#16
Sandhya Santharam, Metaxia Tampourlou, Wiebke Arlt, John Ayuk, Neil Gittoes, Andrew Toogood, Rachel Webster, Niki Karavitaki
OBJECTIVE: Most prolactinomas in females are diagnosed during the reproductive age and the majority are microadenomas. Prolactinomas detected in the postmenopausal period are less common with limited published data on their presentation and prognosis. Our objective was to assess the presenting clinical, biochemical and imaging findings, as well as the outcomes of women diagnosed with a prolactinoma in the postmenopausal period. DESIGN AND METHODS: We undertook a retrospective cohort study of women diagnosed with prolactinoma after menopause and followed-up in a large UK pituitary center...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625242/-clinical-significance-of-combined-detection-of-peripheral-mir-182-and-il-17-in-the-early-diagnosis-of-patients-with-eclampsia-complicated-with-cerebral-infarction-in-icu
#17
Lina Zhang, Tiejun Wu, Dawei Wu, Yanjun Liu, Min Bai, Shuangfeng Chen
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of peripheral blood microRNA-182 (miR-182) combined with interleukin-17 (IL-17) in the early diagnosis of cerebral infarction (CI) in patients with eclampsia. METHODS: A prospective non-randomized controlled study was conducted. The patients with eclampsia admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Liaocheng People's Hospital from January 1st, 2013 to September 30th 2016 were enrolled. Cerebral imaging was conducted in 7 days after admission to make a definite diagnosis of the occurrence of CI, excluding patients with cerebral hemorrhage...
June 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624925/liver-fibrosis-in-vivo-evaluation-using-intravoxel-incoherent-motion-derived-histogram-metrics-with-histopathologic-findings-at-3-0-t
#18
Fubi Hu, Ru Yang, Zixing Huang, Min Wang, Hanmei Zhang, Xu Yan, Bin Song
PURPOSE: To retrospectively determine the feasibility of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) imaging based on histogram analysis for the staging of liver fibrosis (LF) using histopathologic findings as the reference standard. METHODS: 56 consecutive patients (14 men, 42 women; age range, 15-76, years) with chronic liver diseases (CLDs) were studied using IVIM-DWI with 9 b-values (0, 25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, 500, 800 s/mm(2)) at 3.0 T. Fibrosis stage was evaluated using the METAVIR scoring system...
June 17, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624865/bone-marrow-fat-contributes-to-insulin-sensitivity-and-adiponectin-secretion-in-premenopausal-women
#19
Federica Ermetici, Silvia Briganti, Alessandra Delnevo, Paola Cannaò, Giovanni Di Leo, Stefano Benedini, Ileana Terruzzi, Francesco Sardanelli, Livio Luzi
PURPOSE: Bone marrow fat is a functionally distinct adipose tissue that may contribute to systemic metabolism. This study aimed at evaluating a possible association between bone marrow fat and insulin sensitivity indices. METHODS: Fifty obese (n = 23) and non-obese (n = 27) premenopausal women underwent proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy to measure vertebral bone marrow fat content and unsaturation index at L4 level. Abdominal visceral, subcutaneous fat, and epicardial fat were also measured using magnetic resonance imaging...
June 17, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624749/prevalence-and-clinical-significance-of-incidental-extra-mammary-findings-in-breast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-retrospective-study-of-1070-patients
#20
Wieland Staab, Jan Menke, Christian Sohns, Susanne Wienbeck, Lukas Bauer, Johannes Tammo Kowallick, Frank Konietschke, Thorsten Derlin, Joachim Lotz, Jan Martin Sohns
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence of extra-mammary findings in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 1070 consecutive breast MRI studies was analyzed. MR-BI-RADS (Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System) was used to classify the risk category. RESULTS: According to MR-BI-RADS, 915 (85.5%) of 1070 women were classified into MR-BI-RADS categories 1-3, and 155 (14.5%) into MR-BI-RADS categories 4-5...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Imaging
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