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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457585/training-nurses-in-a-competency-framework-to-support-adults-with-epilepsy-and-intellectual-disability-the-epaid-cluster-rct
#1
Howard Ring, James Howlett, Mark Pennington, Christopher Smith, Marcus Redley, Caroline Murphy, Roxanne Hook, Adam Platt, Nakita Gilbert, Elizabeth Jones, Joanna Kelly, Angela Pullen, Adrian Mander, Cam Donaldson, Simon Rowe, James Wason, Fiona Irvine
BACKGROUND: People with an intellectual (learning) disability (ID) and epilepsy have an increased seizure frequency, higher frequencies of multiple antiepileptic drug (AED) use and side effects, higher treatment costs, higher mortality rates and more behavioural problems than the rest of the population with epilepsy. The introduction of nurse-led care may lead to improvements in outcome for those with an ID and epilepsy; however, this has not been tested in a definitive clinical trial...
February 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457577/space-place-and-waiting-time-reflections-on-health-policy-and-politics
#2
Sally Sheard
Health systems have repeatedly addressed concerns about efficiency and equity by employing trans-national comparisons to draw out the strengths and weaknesses of specific policy initiatives. This paper demonstrates the potential for explicit historical analysis of waiting times for hospital treatment to add value to spatial comparative methodologies. Waiting times and the size of the lists of waiting patients have become key operational indicators. In the United Kingdom, as National Health Service (NHS) financial pressures intensified from the 1970s, waiting times have become a topic for regular public and political debate...
February 19, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457509/evidence-based-practice-self-efficacy-of-undergraduate-speech-pathology-students-following-training
#3
Maree Doble, Kate Short, Elizabeth Murray, Hans Bogaardt, Patricia McCabe
AIM: The aims of this study were to determine the self-efficacy of speech pathology students in conducting evidence-based practice before and after a comprehensive evidence-based practice course, and the impact of timing of the course (Semester 1/2). METHOD: Students attended a 13-week course in their final year of study. The evidence-based practice confidence scale (EPIC) was used to measure the students' self-efficacy pre- and post-training. RESULTS: Ninety-two percent of students enrolled over six semesters participated...
February 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457383/continuing-professional-development
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456927/best-practices-in-supervising-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-youth
#5
REVIEW
Robert D Friedberg
Clinical supervision of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with youth ensures better patient care and fosters trainees' professional development. However, often insufficient attention is directed toward disseminating best practices in supervision of CBT with youth. This Therapeutic Advances contribution aims to communicate the core content of supervision. Additionally, the key supervisory practices associated with CBT with youth are described. Supervisory outcomes are summarized and recommendations for supervisory practices are made...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456307/awareness-knowledge-and-attitude-of-patients-toward-dental-implants-a-questionnaire-based-prospective-study
#6
Rajesh Hosadurga, Tenneti Shanti, Shashikanth Hegde, Rajesh Shankar Kashyap, Suryanarayan Maiya Arunkumar
Background: In developing nations like India awareness and education about dental implants as a treatment modality is still scanty. Aim: The study was conducted to determine the awareness, knowledge, and attitude of patients toward dental implants as a treatment modality among the general population and to assess the influence of personality characteristics on accepting dental implants as a treatment modality in general and as well as treatment group. Materials and Methods: A structured questionnaire-based survey was conducted on 500 randomly selected participants attending the outpatient department...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456125/development-and-validation-of-a-tool-to-measure-dietitians-self-efficacy-with-using-mobile-health-apps-in-dietetic-practice
#7
Juliana Chen, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a tool for assessing dietitians' self-efficacy with using mobile health (mHealth) apps in dietetic practice. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A tool for measuring mHealth app self-efficacy among dietitians was constructed based on a literature review, consultation with experts, and Bandura's self-efficacy scales development guide. Senior dietetic students and new graduate dietitians in Australia (n = 100) tested the tool. OUTCOME MEASURES AND ANALYSIS: Validation of the tool was conducted using factor analysis...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455697/meaningful-ways-of-understanding-and-measuring-change-for-people-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-thematic-analysis
#8
Louise McCusker, Marie-Louise Turner, Georgina Pike, Helen Startup
BACKGROUND: The effective treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) presents healthcare providers with a significant challenge. The evidence base remains limited partially due to a lack of professional consensus and service user involvement regarding ways of measuring change. As a result, the limited evidence that is available draws on such a wide range of outcome measures, that comparison across treatment types is hindered, maintaining a lack of clarity regarding the clinical needs of this group...
February 19, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455044/timing-of-surgical-site-infection-and-pulmonary-complications-after-laparotomy
#9
Ossian Gundel, Sofie Kirchhoff Gundersen, Rikke Maria Dahl, Lars Nannestad Jørgensen, Lars S Rasmussen, Jørn Wetterslev, Ditte Sæbye, Christian S Meyhoff
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) and other postoperative complications are associated with high costs, morbidity, secondary surgery, and mortality. Many studies have identified factors that may prevent SSI and pulmonary complications, but it is important to know when they in fact occur. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic timing of surgical site infections and pulmonary complications after laparotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the PROXI trial which was a randomized clinical trial conducted in 1400 patients undergoing elective or emergent laparotomy...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455022/adaptive-pathway-development-for-fabry-disease-a-clinical-approach
#10
REVIEW
Yvonne Schuller, Maarten Arends, Simon Körver, Mirjam Langeveld, Carla E M Hollak
Fabry disease (FD) is a rare X-chromosome-linked lysosomal storage disorder. Although initial expectations of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) were high, it is now clear that real-world effectiveness is disappointing and evidence gathering has been inadequate. In retrospect, development of ERT for FD had several shortcomings. Little convincing evidence on the effectiveness existed at time of authorization. Also, post-marketing evaluation failed to generate sufficient and relevant data for adequate evaluation on effectiveness...
February 15, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454874/stressors-for-spanish-nursing-students-in-clinical-practice
#11
Jose-Maria Suarez-Garcia, Alba Maestro-Gonzalez, David Zuazua-Rico, Marta Sánchez-Zaballos, Maria-Pilar Mosteiro-Diaz
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice is critical for nursing students to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to properly develop professionally. The presence of stress in clinical practice may negatively affect their training. OBJECTIVES: To understand the extent to which clinical practice can be stressful for nursing students at a Spanish university and to determine the main stressors associated with the practice. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive, and observational study conducted in 2016 at the two nursing colleges of the University of Oviedo, located in Oviedo and Gijón in the Principality of Asturias, Spain...
February 6, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454739/spanish-and-catalan-translation-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-picker-patient-experience-questionnaire-15
#12
M J Bertran, M Viñarás, M Salamero, F Garcia, C Graham, A McCulloch, J Escarrabill
OBJECTIVE: To develop and test a culturally adapted core set of questions to measure patients' experience after in-patient care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Following the methodology recommended by international guides, a basic set of patient experience questions, selected from Picker Institute Europe questionnaires (originally in English), was translated to Spanish and Catalan. Acceptability, construct validity and reliability of the adapted questionnaire were assessed via a cross-sectional validation study...
February 14, 2018: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454337/the-second-patient-family-members-of-cancer-patients-and-their-role-in-end-of-life-decision-making
#13
Katsiaryna Laryionava, Timo A Pfeil, Mareike Dietrich, Stella Reiter-Theil, Wolfgang Hiddemann, Eva C Winkler
BACKGROUND: Family members are important companions of severely ill patients with cancer. However, studies about the desirability and difficulties of integrating relatives in the decision-making process are rare in oncology. This qualitative study explores the family role in decisions to limit treatment near the end of life from the professionals' point of view. METHODS: Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with oncologists (n = 12) and nurses (n = 6) working at the Department of Hematology/Oncology at the University Hospital in Munich, Germany...
February 17, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454194/diagnostic-and-treatment-services-for-patients-with-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-pnes-a-survey-of-health-professionals-in-urban-china
#14
Xin Tong, Dongmei An, Markus Reuber, Qin Zhang, Dong Zhou
PURPOSE: This study is intended to provide an overview of diagnostic and treatment services for patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) across China. METHODS: Using a questionnaire devised by the PNES Task Force of Neuropsychiatry Commission of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), we conducted a survey among Chinese health professionals at the Sixth Advanced International Course: Clinical Epileptology. Descriptive analyses were performed...
January 31, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453905/sleep-apnea-and-type-2-diabetes
#15
Isao Muraki, Hiroo Wada, Takeshi Tanigawa
The aim of this review is to clarify the association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes, and discuss the therapeutic role of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in type 2 diabetes. OSA patients are more likely than non-OSA populations to develop type 2 diabetes while more than half of patients with type 2 diabetes suffer from OSA. Similarly to the Western countries, in the East Asian population, the association between these two disorders has also been reported. CPAP is the primary treatment for OSA, but the effect of CPAP on comorbid diabetes has not been established...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453732/the-influence-of-postgraduate-qualifications-on-educational-identity-formation-of-healthcare-professionals
#16
Ahsan Sethi, Susie Schofield, Sean McAleer, Rola Ajjawi
Demand for postgraduate qualifications in medical education can be judged by the increase in providers worldwide over the last two decades. However, research into the impact of such courses on identity formation of healthcare professionals is limited. This study investigates the influence of such programmes on graduates' educational identities, practices and career progression. Informed by constructivist grounded theory (CGT), semi-structured interviews were conducted with 27 graduates (2008-2012) from one postgraduate programme, who were at different stages in their careers worldwide...
February 16, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453507/interprofessional-education-opportunities-and-challenges-for-psychology
#17
Wendy Ward, Alexandra Zagoloff, Cortney Rieck, William Robiner
This manuscript is an outgrowth of an invited panel presentation at the national Association for Psychologists in Academic Health Centers Conference in 2017 on Interprofessional Education (IPE). IPE is a structured and transformative educational strategy designed to provide active learning experiences where trainees from diverse healthcare professions gain shared content knowledge plus collaboration skills as they learn about, from, and with each other. Collaboration skills include understanding professional role distinctions and overlap, effective team-based communication, shared values/ethics and respect for each other's expertise, and teamwork dynamics...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453187/quality-of-web-based-educational-interventions-for-clinicians-on-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-content-and-usability-assessment
#18
Brittany L Rosen, James M Bishop, Skye L McDonald, Jessica A Kahn, Gary L Kreps
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates fall far short of Healthy People 2020 objectives. A leading reason is that clinicians do not recommend the vaccine consistently and strongly to girls and boys in the age group recommended for vaccination. Although Web-based HPV vaccine educational interventions for clinicians have been created to promote vaccination recommendations, rigorous evaluations of these interventions have not been conducted. Such evaluations are important to maximize the efficacy of educational interventions in promoting clinician recommendations for HPV vaccination...
February 16, 2018: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453022/exploring-factors-that-influence-students-attitudes-toward-midwifery-in-jordan-measuring-psychometric-properties-of-a-newly-developed-tool
#19
Lourance A Al Hadid, Omaymah Al-Rajabi, Marwa AlBarmawi, Najah Sayyah Yousef Sayyah, Lwiza Moh'd Toqan
Students' professional choice to proceed in midwifery is influenced by many factors. This study validated an instrument developed to assess students' attitudes toward midwifery in Jordan. It also addressed the motivating and de-motivating factors influencing students' decision concerning joining and continuing in midwifery. A descriptive, cross-section study was conducted on a convenience sample of 374 midwifery students representing private, governmental, and military midwifery colleges. The researchers developed the study questionnaire through conducting a comprehensive literature review, organizing common themes and consulting experts...
February 8, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452988/expert-consensus-recommendations-on-the-cardiogenetic-care-for-patients-with-thoracic-aortic-disease-and-their-first-degree-relatives
#20
Judith M A Verhagen, Marlies Kempers, Luc Cozijnsen, Berto J Bouma, Anthonie L Duijnhouwer, Jan G Post, Yvonne Hilhorst-Hofstee, Sebastiaan C A M Bekkers, Wilhelmina S Kerstjens-Frederikse, Thomas J van Brakel, Eric Lambermon, Marja W Wessels, Bart L Loeys, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Ingrid M B H van de Laar
BACKGROUND: Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is a potentially life-threatening disorder with a strong genetic component. The number of genes implicated in TAA has increased exponentially over the last decade. Approximately 20% of patients with TAA have a positive family history. As most TAA remain asymptomatic for a long time, screening of at risk relatives is warranted to prevent complications. Existing international guidelines lack detailed instructions regarding genetic evaluation and family screening of TAA patients...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
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