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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031238/the-effect-of-supragingival-biofilm-re-development-on-the-subgingival-microbiota-in-chronic-periodontitis
#1
Fátima Aparecida Rocha Resende Hartenbach, Carina Maciel Silva-Boghossian, Ana Paula Vieira Colombo
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we hypothesized that in the absence of oral hygiene, re-growth of the climax microbial communities of supra and subgingival biofilm happens in a faster and more intense fashion in individuals with chronic periodontitis (CP) compared to periodontally healthy controls (PH). DESIGN: Thirty patients (PH=15 and CP=15) received professional supragingival prophylaxis, and were asked to refrain from oral hygiene for 7days. Supra and subgingival biofilm samples and GCF were collected from randomly selected quadrants at baseline (before prophylaxis), immediately after prophylaxis, 2h, 6h, 24h, and 7days after prophylaxis...
October 10, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031139/biomechanics-of-the-infant-foot-during-the-transition-to-independent-walking-a-narrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Carina Price, Stewart C Morrison, Farina Hashmi, Jill Phethean, Christopher Nester
Recognising structural and functional development of the paediatric foot is fundamental to ensuring a strong theoretical framework for health professionals and scientists. The transition of an infant from sitting to walking takes approximately 9 months and is when the structures and function of the foot must respond to the challenges of bearing load; becoming increasingly more essential for locomotion. Literature pertaining to the phase of development was searched. A narrative approach synthesised the information from papers written in English, with non-symptomatic infant participants up to the development stage of independent walking or two years of age...
September 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031127/patients-perceptions-and-experiences-of-living-with-a-surgical-wound-healing-by-secondary-intention-a-qualitative-study
#3
Dorothy McCaughan, Laura Sheard, Nicky Cullum, Jo Dumville, Ian Chetter
BACKGROUND: Most surgical wounds heal by primary intention, that is to say, the edges of the wound are brought together with sutures, staples, adhesive glue or clips. However, some wounds may be left open to heal (if there is a risk of infection, or if there has been significant tissue loss), and are known as 'surgical wounds healing by secondary intention'. They are estimated to comprise approximately 28% of all surgical wounds and are frequently complex to manage. However, they are under researched and little is known of their impact on patients' lives...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029234/keeping-education-fresh-not-just-in-microbiology
#4
Beatrix Fahnert
Innovative practice from around the globe, addressing a range of recent educational themes and trends, was published in the FEMS Microbiology Letters virtual Thematic Issue ''Keeping Education Fresh' in October 2017. Its thought-provoking content is reviewed here to more directly facilitate reflections and discussions in the professional community. The focus is on best practice approaches when enhancing student engagement, how to adjust those to the diversity of learners, learning situations and infrastructures, and to a broad range of subjects...
October 4, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028883/a-new-pan-european-train-the-trainer-programme-for-bioinformatics-pilot-results-on-feasibility-utility-and-sustainability-of-learning
#5
Allegra Via, Teresa K Attwood, Pedro L Fernandes, Sarah L Morgan, Maria Victoria Schneider, Patricia M Palagi, Gabriella Rustici, Rochelle E Tractenberg
Demand for training life scientists in bioinformatics methods, tools and resources and computational approaches is urgent and growing. To meet this demand, new trainers must be prepared with effective teaching practices for delivering short hands-on training sessions-a specific type of education that is not typically part of professional preparation of life scientists in many countries. A new Train-the-Trainer (TtT) programme was created by adapting existing models, using input from experienced trainers and experts in bioinformatics, and from educational and cognitive sciences...
September 26, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028458/exploring-gender-and-elder-abuse-from-the-perspective-of-professionals
#6
Lori Weeks, Suzanne Dupuis-Blanchard, Rina Arseneault, Colleen MacQuarrie, Danie Gagnon, Ginette Marie LeBlanc
We conducted an online survey of professionals working in two Canadian provinces to learn about their knowledge of elder abuse from a gender-based perspective. A total of 169 professionals (90% women) completed a survey in either French or English. Five topic areas emerged from the analysis: the influence of gender on the risk of abuse; types of abuse detected; knowledge gaps; capacity to respond to gender-based abuse; and awareness of resources. To gain further insight into these results, we conducted 3 focus groups with a total of 24 professionals...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028421/medical-student-reflections-on-geriatrics-moral-distress-empathy-ethics-and-end-of-life
#7
Mary E Camp, Haekyung Jeon-Slaughter, Anne E Johnson, John Z Sadler
INTRODUCTION: Medical students' early clinical encounters may influence their perceptions of geriatrics. This study examines reflective essays written by 3rd year medical students on required clinical rotations. METHODS: Using content analysis, the authors analyzed the essays' thematic content. The authors then used chi-square analysis to compare themes with geriatric patients (age 60+) to themes with other age groups. RESULTS: 120 out of 802 essays described a geriatric patient...
October 13, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028370/is-it-important-to-talk-about-technologies-with-eating-disorder-clients-the-health-care-professional-perspective
#8
Martina Šmahelová, Michal Čevelíček, Eliška Nehybková, David Šmahel, Ivo Čermák
Nowadays, the use of digital technology is an important issue that should be addressed during the treatment of people who have eating disorders. The involvement or absence of this issue reflects the understanding, experience, and atttude of health-care professionals toward their clients' use of technology. The aim of the present study was to investigate the perceptions of health-care professionals and their assessment of their clients' usage of digital technology while developing strategies for treatment. Semistructured interviews with 30 professionals were performed from October 2015 to June 2016 and a thematic analysis was used to analyze the data...
October 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028235/how-to-include-public-health-practice-and-practitioners-in-a-european-network
#9
Silvio Brusaferro, Pierfrancesco Tricarico
There is a wide range of different Public Health (PH) activities and programs running in Europe. Besides the richness of national traditions, differences exist in numbers of programs, methods adopted, types of engaged professionals, available resources (including public investments), awareness to the problem and finally in health indicators among and within countries. Promoting networks of PH practices and practitioners strengthens the possibility to share knowledge across organizational, sectorial and geographic boundaries, promotes adaptation and local implementation, fosters innovation in the form of knowledge creation by developing more efficient new services and by sharing effective practices within and between organizations and sectors...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027730/psychological-distress-in-post-partum-women-after-non-invasive-prenatal-testing-nipt-in-japan
#10
Eri Takeda, Nobuhiro Suzumori, Takeshi Ebara, Junko Yotsumoto, Kyoko Kumagai, Kumiko Oseto, Hironao Numabe, Mayumi Sugiura-Ogasawara
AIM: The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of psychological mental distress in post-partum women after non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) in Japan. METHODS: Psychological mental distress was assessed using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6). We compared patients with (i) low pre-NIPT K6 and low post-partum K6 scores (control group), and (ii) low pre-NIPT K6 and a high post-partum K6 scores (case group). RESULTS: Among the 697 women who underwent NIPT, 29 (4...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027507/development-of-an-mhealth-trauma-registry-in-the-middle-east-using-an-implementation-science-framework
#11
Amber Mehmood, Edward Chan, Katharine Allen, Ammar Al-Kashmiri, Ali Al-Busaidi, Jehan Al-Abri, Mohamed Al-Yazidi, Abdullah Al-Maniri, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Trauma registries (TRs) play a vital role in the assessment of trauma care, but are often underutilized in countries with a high burden of injuries. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether information and communications technology (ICT) such as mobile health (mHealth) could enable the design of a tablet-based application for healthcare professionals. This would be used to inform trauma care and acquire surveillance data for injury control and prevention in Oman...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027227/missing-in-action-the-meaning-of-cell-death-in-tissue-damage-and-inflammation
#12
REVIEW
Luis E Muñoz, Moritz Leppkes, Tobias A Fuchs, Markus Hoffmann, Martin Herrmann
Billions of cells die every day in higher organisms as part of the normal process of tissue homeostasis. During special conditions like in development, acute infections, mechanical injuries, and immunity, cell death is a common denominator and it exerts profound effects in the outcome of these scenarios. To prevent the accumulation of aged, superfluous, infected, damaged and dead cells, professional phagocytes act in a rapid and efficient manner to clear the battle field and avoid spread of the destruction...
November 2017: Immunological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027207/resource-availability-for-the-management-of-maternal-sepsis-in-malawi-other-low-income-countries-and-lower-middle-income-countries
#13
Mohammed Abdu, Amie Wilson, Chisale Mhango, Fatima Taki, Arri Coomarasamy, David Lissauer
OBJECTIVE: To assess the availability of key resources for the management of maternal sepsis and evaluate the feasibility of implementing the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) recommendations in Malawi and other low-resource settings. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at health facilities in Malawi, other low-income countries, and lower-middle-income countries during January-March 2016. English-speaking healthcare professionals (e.g. doctors, nurses, midwives, and administrators) completed a questionnaire/online survey to assess the availability of resources for the management of maternal sepsis...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026841/causes-of-medication-errors-in-intensive-care-units-from-the-perspective-of-healthcare-professionals
#14
Sedigheh Farzi, Alireza Irajpour, Mahmoud Saghaei, Hamid Ravaghi
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to explore and to describe the causes of medication errors in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) from the perspective of physicians, nurses, and clinical pharmacists. METHODS: The study was conducted using a descriptive qualitative method in 2016. We included 16 ICUs of seven educational hospitals affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Participants included 19 members of the healthcare team (physician, nurse, and clinical pharmacist) with at least 1 year of work experience in the ICUs...
July 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026439/priority-setting-for-mental-health-research-in-chile
#15
Pedro Zitko, Francesca Borghero, Cynthia Zavala, Niina Markkula, Emilio Santelices, Nicolás Libuy, Alfredo Pemjean
BACKGROUND: Scientific knowledge is a fundamental tool for making informed health policy decisions, but the link between health research and public policy decision-making is often missing. This study aims to identify and prioritize a national set of research gaps in mental health. METHODS: A multi-approach method to identify gaps in knowledge was developed, including (1) document analysis and identification of possible research questions, (2) interviews to Ministry of Health key informants, (3) focus groups with different stakeholders, and (4) a web consultation addressed to academics...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026438/mental-health-assessments-in-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-evaluation-of-a-tablet-assisted-screening-software
#16
Naser Morina, Simon M Ewers, Sandra Passardi, Ulrich Schnyder, Christine Knaevelsrud, Julia Müller, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson, Matthis Schick
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems resulting from persecution and forced migration are very common among refugees and asylum seekers and evolve into a major public health challenge in hosting societies. Language barriers often prevent timely access to appropriate health care, leading to chronic trajectories and abortive social integration. Tools for multilingual screening and assessment could be of great benefit for this particularly vulnerable population as well as for policy makers...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025823/standing-collaboration-a-study-protocol-for-developing-clinical-standards
#17
Louise K Wiles, Peter D Hibbert, Jacqueline H Stephens, Enrico Coiera, Johanna Westbrook, Jeffrey Braithwaite, Ric O Day, Ken M Hillman, William B Runciman
INTRODUCTION: Despite widespread availability of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), considerable gaps continue between the care that is recommended ('appropriate care') and the care provided. Problems with current CPGs are commonly cited as barriers to providing 'appropriate care'.Our study aims to develop and test an alternative method to keep CPGs accessible and up to date. This method aims to mitigate existing problems by using a single process to develop clinical standards (embodied in clinical indicators) collaboratively with researchers, healthcare professionals, patients and consumers...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025818/mental-health-and-addictions-capacity-building-for-community-health-centres-in-ontario
#18
Akwatu Khenti, Fiona C Thomas, Sirad Mohamoud, Pablo Diaz, Oriana Vaccarino, Kate Dunbar, Jaime C Sapag
PROBLEM ADDRESSED: In recent years, there has been increased recognition in Canada of the need to strengthen mental health services in primary health care (PHC). Collaborative models, including partnerships between PHC and specialized mental health care providers, have emerged as effective ways for improving access to mental health care and strengthening clinical capacity. Primary health care physicians and other health professionals are well positioned to facilitate the early detection of mental disorders and provide appropriate treatment and follow-up care, helping to tackle stigma toward mental health problems in the process...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025481/measuring-hiv-and-tb-related-stigma-among-health-care-workers-in-south-africa-a-validation-and-reliability-study
#19
E Wouters, C Masquillier, N Sommerland, M Engelbrecht, A J Van Rensburg, G Kigozi, A Rau
SETTING: Recent evidence indicates that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) related stigma act as a key barrier to the utilisation of associated occupational health services by South African health care workers (HCWs). It also highlights a dearth of appropriate tools to measure HIV and TB stigma among HCWs. OBJECTIVE: To test four scales measuring different aspects of stigma: respondent's external stigma (RES) and others' external stigma (OES) towards TB as well as HIV across different professional categories of HCWs...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025429/updated-clinical-guidelines-experience-major-reporting-limitations
#20
Robin W M Vernooij, Laura Martínez García, Ivan Dario Florez, Laura Hildago Armas, Michiel H F Poorthuis, Melissa Brouwers, Pablo Alonso-Coello
BACKGROUND: The Checklist for the Reporting of Updated Guidelines (CheckUp) was recently developed. However, so far, no systematic assessment of the reporting of updated clinical guidelines (CGs) exists. We aimed to examine (1) the completeness of reporting the updating process in CGs and (2) the inter-observer reliability of CheckUp. METHODS: We conducted a systematic assessment of the reporting of the updating process in a sample of updated CGs using CheckUp. We performed a systematic search to identify updated CGs published in 2015, developed by a professional society, reporting a systematic review of the evidence, and containing at least one recommendation...
October 12, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
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