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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667456/fertility-and-fertility-preservation-knowledge-awareness-and-attitudes-of-female-graduate-students
#1
Lisa C Hickman, Chelsea Fortin, Linnea Goodman, Xiaobo Liu, Rebecca Flyckt
PURPOSE: To evaluate the general knowledge of female graduate students on reproductive aging and fertility preservation options, as well as to investigate the perceptions, personal beliefs, and desires regarding fertility and preservation modalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey study of female graduate students and medical trainees from academic institutions in Ohio was performed. Women were excluded if the online survey was incomplete or if they were >45 years...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664875/do-not-resuscitate-orders-in-the-neonatal-icu-experiences-and-beliefs-among-staff
#2
Bonnie H Arzuaga, C Lydia Wraight, Christy L Cummings, Wenyang Mao, David Miedema, Dara D Brodsky
OBJECTIVES: Studies in adult patients have shown that do-not-resuscitate orders are often associated with decreased medical intervention. In neonatology, this phenomenon has not been investigated, and how do-not-resuscitate orders potentially affect clinical care is unknown. DESIGN: Retrospective medical record data review and staff survey responses about neonatal ICU do-not-resuscitate orders. SETTING: Four academic neonatal ICUs. SUBJECTS: Clinical staff members working in each neonatal ICU...
April 16, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655618/concurrent-surgery-and-the-role-of-the-pediatric-attending-surgeon-comparing-parents-and-surgeons-expectations
#3
Jennie K Choe, Christopher Ibarra, Richard S Feinn, Manuel I Rodriguez-Davalos, Cordelia W Carter
BACKGROUND: The common practice of performing concurrent or overlapping surgeries has been intensely scrutinized by lay media and academic press to investigate its safety and cost-effectiveness. However, there is little information about its use within the pediatric population. Even less is known about parents' expectations regarding the surgeon's role on the day of surgery and how they align with those of pediatric surgeons and surgical trainees, despite the potential for significant discrepancies in expectations to erode trust and damage the physician-family relationship...
April 12, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652750/a-needs-assessment-of-brain-death-education-in-pediatric-critical-care-medicine-fellowships
#4
Andrew M Ausmus, Pippa M Simpson, Liyun Zhang, Tara L Petersen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the current training in brain death examination provided during pediatric critical care medicine fellowship. DESIGN: Internet-based survey. SETTING: United States pediatric critical care medicine fellowship programs. SUBJECTS: Sixty-four pediatric critical care medicine fellowship program directors and 230 current pediatric critical care medicine fellows/recent graduates were invited to participate...
April 12, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643715/effectiveness-of-a-training-program-on-the-role-recognition-and-case-portrayal-of-standardized-patients
#5
Sheng-Po Kao, Tsung-Ying Chen, Mei-Lin Hsieh
Objective: Standardized patient (SP) scenarios could provide medical situations of high fidelity for teaching or examinations, which would otherwise be difficult with real patients. Moreover, SPs can also be used to reliably evaluate or certify the competence of medical trainees. Since the interactions between examinee and SP are dynamic and complex, SPs need to portray the case reliably and consistently across different examinees. Thus, we developed a 1-day program for newly recruited SPs to teach basic competence in case portrayal...
January 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643062/a-survey-on-data-reproducibility-and-the-effect-of-publication-process-on-the-ethical-reporting-of-laboratory-research
#6
Delphine R Boulbes, Tracy J Costello, Keith A Baggerly, Fan Fan, Rui Wang, Rajat Bhattacharya, Xiangcang Ye, Lee M Ellis
PURPOSE:  The successful translation of laboratory research into effective therapies is dependent upon the validity of peer-reviewed publications. However, several publications in recent years suggested that published scientific findings could only be reproduced 11-45% of the time. Multiple surveys attempted to elucidate the fundamental causes of data irreproducibility and underscored potential solutions; more robust experimental designs, better statistics, and better mentorship. However, no prior survey has addressed the role of the review and publication process on honest reporting...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628333/multidisciplinary-difficult-airway-course-an-essential-educational-component-of-a-hospital-wide-difficult-airway-response-program
#7
W Robert Leeper, Elliott R Haut, Vinciya Pandian, Sajan Nakka, Jeffrey Dodd-O, Nasir Bhatti, Elizabeth A Hunt, Mustapha Saheed, Nicholas Dalesio, Adam Schiavi, Christina Miller, Thomas D Kirsch, Lauren Berkow
OBJECTIVE: A hospital-wide difficult airway response team was developed in 2008 at The Johns Hopkins Hospital with three central pillars: operations, safety monitoring, and education. The objective of this study was to assess the outcomes of the educational pillar of the difficult airway response team program, known as the multidisciplinary difficult airway course (MDAC). DESIGN: The comprehensive, full-day MDAC involves trainees and staff from all provider groups who participate in airway management...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619349/how-well-are-we-doing-at-teaching-critical-appraisal-skills-to-our-residents-a-needs-assessment-of-plastic-surgery-journal-club
#8
Nicole Hryciw, Aaron Knox, Jugpal S Arneja
Objective: To perform a needs assessment of journal club in plastic surgery residency programs. Specifically, this study focused on potential gaps in journal club associated with teaching and assessing critical appraisal of the literature, an important component of medical education and practice. Methods: This is a qualitative study that utilized an online survey tool to collect information about the characteristics of journal club in plastic surgery residency programs in both Canada and the United States...
November 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611621/perception-attitude-and-satisfaction-of-paediatric-physicians-and-nurses-towards-clinical-practice-guidelines-at-a-university-teaching-hospital
#9
Yasser Sami Amer, Abdulrahman Al Nemri, Mohamed Elfaki Osman, Elshazaly Saeed, Asaad Mohamed Assiri, Sarar Mohamed
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: To explore perception, attitude, and satisfaction of paediatric clinicians, trainees, and nurses at King Khalid University Hospital towards clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) including the locally adapted diabetic ketoacidosis CPG (DKA-CPG). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was distributed to 260 doctors and nurses working in the paediatrics department. RESULTS: The response rate was 95.4%. The respondents had a positive perception and attitude towards general CPGs and specifically for the DKA-CPG; 98...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609952/rethinking-the-pgy-1-basic-clinical-year-a-canadian-national-survey-of-its-educational-value-for-diagnostic-radiology-residents
#10
Kathryn E Darras, Abigail A Arnold, Colin Mar, Bruce B Forster, Linda Probyn, Silvia D Chang
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Recently, the relevance of the postgraduate year 1 (PGY-1) Basic Clinical Year for radiology residents has been questioned. The purpose of this study was to determine the attitude of radiologists and trainees toward this year and which clinical rotations they perceived as most valuable to clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, an anonymous online survey was administered to Canadian radiologists and radiology trainees...
March 30, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609618/what-should-the-african-health-workforce-know-about-disasters-proposed-competencies-for-strengthening-public-health-disaster-risk-management-education-in-africa
#11
Olushayo Olu, Abdulmumini Usman, Kalula Kalambay, Stella Anyangwe, Kuku Voyi, Christopher Garimoi Orach, Aklilu Azazh, Mala Ali Mapatano, Ngoy Nsenga, Lucien Manga, Solomon Woldetsadik, Francois Nguessan, Angela Benson
BACKGROUND: As part of efforts to implement the human resources capacity building component of the African Regional Strategy on Disaster Risk Management (DRM) for the health sector, the African Regional Office of the World Health Organization, in collaboration with selected African public health training institutions, followed a multistage process to develop core competencies and curricula for training the African health workforce in public health DRM. In this article, we describe the methods used to develop the competencies, present the identified competencies and training curricula, and propose recommendations for their integration into the public health education curricula of African member states...
April 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609085/prevalence-and-impact-of-left-handedness-in-neurosurgery
#12
Blake Beehler, Ryan B Kochanski, Richard Byrne, Sepehr Sani
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10-13% of the population is left-handed (LH), and certain professions have varied representation of left-handers. In surgery, left-handers must overcome unique difficulties due to the right-handed (RH) operative environment. This study assesses the prevalence and impact of left-handedness on training and operative experience of neurosurgeons. METHODS: An email survey was designed and sent to 5109 US neurosurgeons and neurosurgical trainees...
March 30, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603007/a-novel-assessment-tool-for-evaluating-competence-in-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-lobectomy
#13
Katrine Jensen, René Horsleben Petersen, Henrik Jessen Hansen, William Walker, Jesper Holst Pedersen, Lars Konge
BACKGROUND: Specific assessment tools can accelerate trainees' learning through structured feedback and ensure that trainees attain the knowledge and skills required to practice as competent, independent surgeons (competency-based surgical education). The objective was to develop an assessment tool for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy by achieving consensus within an international group of VATS experts. METHOD: The Delphi method was used as a structured process for collecting and distilling knowledge from a group of internationally recognized VATS experts...
March 30, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602994/examining-the-impact-of-surgical-coaching-on-trainee-physiologic-response-and-basic-skill-acquisition
#14
Matthew D Timberlake, Dimitrios Stefanidis, Aimee K Gardner
BACKGROUND: We examined how problem-solving coaching impacts trainee skill acquisition and physiologic stress as well as how trainee sensitivity to feedback, known as self-monitoring ability, impacts coaching effectiveness. METHODS: Medical students completed a pre-training demographics questionnaire, a 12-item self-monitoring ability scale (1 = always false, 5 = always true), and baseline FLS Task 5 with physiologic sensors. After watching a laparoscopic suturing instructional video, students practiced the task for 30 min, either with a surgical coach, or alone, depending on condition...
March 30, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600582/promoting-interdisciplinary-shared-mental-models
#15
Lisa E Herrmann, Lenore Jarvis, Priti Bhansali, Pavan Zaveri
BACKGROUND: Emergency Medicine (EM) and Hospital Medicine (HM) providers frequently interact when transitioning patients from the emergency department (ED) to the inpatient unit; however, there is infrequent collaboration between these subspecialties, and effective communication in EM-HM provider handover is an area for improvement. Shared mental models can enhance communication and safety. The purpose of this article is to describe the implementation of an interdisciplinary conference to allow providers to create shared mental models, and to assess the impact on attitudes and behaviours towards communication and collaboration outside the competing attentions of patient care environments...
March 30, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596082/transformative-learning-and-professional-identity-formation-during-international-health-electives-a-qualitative-study-using-grounded-theory
#16
Adam P Sawatsky, Hannah C Nordhues, Stephen P Merry, M Usmaan Bashir, Frederic W Hafferty
PURPOSE: International health electives (IHEs) are widely available during residency and provide unique experiences for trainees. Theoretical models of professional identity formation and transformative learning may provide insight into residents' experiences during IHEs. The purpose of this study was to explore transformative learning and professional identity formation during resident IHEs and characterize the relationship between transformative learning and professional identity formation...
March 27, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590483/building-capacity-for-complementary-and-integrative-medicine-through-a-large-cross-agency-acupuncture-training-program-lessons-learned-from-a-military-health-system-and-veterans-health-administration-joint-initiative-project
#17
Richard Niemtzow, John Baxter, Rollin M Gallagher, Arnyce Pock, Kathryn Calabria, David Drake, Kevin Galloway, Joan Walter, Richard Petri, Thomas Piazza, Stephen Burns, Lew Hofmann, John Biery, Chester Buckenmaier
Introduction: Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) use in the USA continues to expand, including within the Military Health System (MHS) and Veterans Health Administration (VHA). To mitigate the opioid crisis and provide additional non-pharmacological pain management options, a large cross-agency collaborative project sought to develop and implement a systems-wide curriculum, entitled Acupuncture Training Across Clinical Settings (ATACS). Materials and Methods: ATACS curriculum content and structure were created and refined over the course of the project in response to consultations with Subject Matter Experts and provider feedback...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589337/future-career-intentions-of-higher-specialist-trainees-in-general-paediatrics
#18
Grainne Butler, Colm Breatnach, Sinead Harty, Patrick Gavin, Colm O'Donnell, Michael J O'Grady
BACKGROUND: A survey of paediatric higher specialist trainees was carried out in 2002 assessing career intentions and perception of training. Fourteen years later, with increased numbers of trainees and a national model of care and a tertiary paediatric hospital on the horizon, we re-evaluated the career intentions of the current trainee workforce. AIMS: To assess the career intentions of the current paediatric higher specialist trainees. METHODS: A 28-item questionnaire was developed based on a previously validated instrument and distributed online using the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland trainee database...
March 27, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582510/mental-health-disclosure-amongst-clinical-psychologists-in-training-perfectionism-and-pragmatism
#19
Tom Grice, Kat Alcock, Katrina Scior
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the incidence of lived experience of mental health problems amongst UK-based trainee clinical psychologists and factors associated with anticipated disclosure for trainees both with and without lived experience. METHODS: A web-based survey comprising the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, an adapted version of the Perceived Devaluation and Discrimination Scale, and questions about lived experience and anticipated likelihood of disclosure...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580814/development-and-evaluation-of-a-new-formative-assessment-of-surgical-performance
#20
Ronnie M Davies, Lisa Hadfield-Law, Philip G Turner
BACKGROUND: Formative assessment of operative performance is a mandatory part of surgical training. Engagement with assessment is limited in part by the time-consuming nature and the high perceived stakes of current assessment tools. OBJECTIVES: Our aims were to develop and collect validity evidence for a new operative assessment tool that addresses barriers to assessment that current trainers and trainees experience. METHODS: We developed the Generic Operative Supervised Learning Event (GOSLE)...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
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