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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805356/immersion-medicine-programme-for-secondary-students
#1
Paras S Minhas, Nathan Kim, Jayson Myers, Wendy Caceres, Marina Martin, Baldeep Singh
BACKGROUND: Although the proportion of ethnicities representing under-represented minorities in medicine (URM) in the general population has significantly increased, URM enrolment in medical schools within the USA has remained stagnant in recent years. METHODS: This study sought to examine the effect of an immersion in community medicine (ICM) programme on secondary school students' desire to enter the field of medicine and serve their communities. The authors asked all 69 ICM alumni to complete a 14-question survey consisting of six demographic, four programme and four career questions, rated on a Likert scale of 1 (completely disagree) to 5 (completely agree), coupled with optional free-text questions...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805068/medication-errors-and-trainees-advice-for-learners-and-organizations
#2
James S Wheeler, Rosemary Duncan, Kenneth Hohmeier
Limited information exists regarding medication errors and trainees (students or residents). Yet during the experiential education component of their training, learners are expected to assume significant responsibilities in the medication use process. This commentary addresses both trainees and organization leaders on medication safety practices and the incorporation of learners into the organization's medication safety culture.
August 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794623/perception-of-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-comparison-of-patients-and-physicians-views-in-the-copd-mirror-study
#3
Bartolome Celli, Francesco Blasi, Mina Gaga, Dave Singh, Claus Vogelmeier, Valeria Pegoraro, Nicoletta Caputo, Alvar Agusti
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare potential differences between the perception that COPD patients have of their disease and the perception that physicians have of how the disease affects their patients. METHODS: Surveys in COPD patients and physicians caring for COPD patients were conducted in Spain, Italy, and Germany. Online questionnaires mirrored to explore the same domains, were administered to patients and physicians. Physicians were asked to respond to the questionnaire taking a recently seen patient who represents the majority of COPD patients usually managed, as a reference...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793952/maintaining-capacity-for-in-practice-teaching-and-supervision-of-students-and-general-practice-trainees-a-cross-sectional-study-of-early-career-general-practitioners
#4
Nigel Catzikiris, Amanda Tapley, Simon Morgan, Elizabeth G Holliday, Jean Ball, Kim Henderson, Taryn Elliott, Neil Spike, Cathy Regan, Parker Magin
Objectives Expanding learner cohorts of medical students and general practitioner (GP) vocational trainees and the impending retirement of the 'baby boomer' GP cohort threaten the teaching and supervisory capacity of the Australian GP workforce. Engaging newly qualified GPs is essential to sustaining this workforce training capacity. The aim of the present study was to establish the prevalence and associations of in-practice clinical teaching and supervision in early career GPs.Methods The present study was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of recent (within 5 years) alumni of three of Australia's 17 regional general practice training programs...
August 10, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789660/development-and-validation-of-the-medical-student-scholar-ideal-mentor-scale-mss-ims
#5
Stephen M Sozio, Kitty S Chan, Mary Catherine Beach
BACKGROUND: Programs encouraging medical student research such as Scholarly Concentrations (SC) are increasing nationally. However, there are few validated measures of mentoring quality tailored to medical students. We sought to modify and validate a mentoring scale for use in medical student research experiences. METHODS: SC faculty created a scale evaluating how medical students assess mentors in the research setting. A validated graduate student scale of mentorship, the Ideal Mentor Scale, was modified by selecting 10 of the 34 original items most relevant for medical students and adding an item on project ownership...
August 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782081/student-perspectives-on-oncology-curricula-at-united-states-medical-schools
#6
Brandon C Neeley, Daniel W Golden, Jeffrey V Brower, Steve E Braunstein, Ariel E Hirsch, Malcolm D Mattes
Delivering a cohesive oncology curriculum to medical students is challenging due to oncology's multidisciplinary nature, predominantly outpatient clinical setting, and lack of data describing effective approaches to teaching it. We sought to better characterize approaches to oncology education at US medical schools by surveying third and fourth year medical students who serve on their institution's curriculum committee. We received responses from students at 19 schools (15.2% response rate). Key findings included the following: (1) an under-emphasis of cancer in the curriculum relative to other common diseases; (2) imbalanced involvement of different clinical subspecialists as educators; (3) infrequent requirements for students to rotate through non-surgical oncologic clerkships; and (4) students are less confident in their knowledge of cancer treatment compared to basic science/natural history or workup/diagnosis...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782080/awareness-of-stomach-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-factors-symptoms-and-time-taken-to-seek-medical-help-among-public-attending-primary-care-setting-in-muscat-governorate-oman
#7
Mohammed Al-Azri, Jamila Al-Kindi, Thuraiya Al-Harthi, Manal Al-Dahri, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Abdullah Al-Maniri
Colorectal and stomach cancers are the top ranking cancers in Oman. Most of the patients are diagnosed at advanced disease stages. The aim of this study is to explore the knowledge of risk factors, symptoms and the time needed to seek medical care for stomach cancer and colorectal cancer (CRC) among Omani participants attending 28 local health centres (LHCs) in the governorate of Muscat, the capital city of Oman. The Bowel Cancer/CRC Awareness Measure (CAM) questionnaire (translated into Arabic) was used to collect data from Omani adult participants (aged 18 years and above) who attended the LHCs during the study period...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782004/second-flexner-century-the-democratization-of-medical-knowledge-repurposing-a-general-pathology-course-into-multigrade-level-gateway-courses
#8
Ronald S Weinstein, Amy L Waer, John B Weinstein, Margaret M Briehl, Michael J Holcomb, Kristine A Erps, Angelette L Holtrust, Julie M Tomkins, Gail P Barker, Elizabeth A Krupinski
Starting in 1910, the "Flexner Revolution" in medical education catalyzed the transformation of the US medical education enterprise from a proprietary medical school dominated system into a university-based medical school system. In the 21st century, what we refer to as the "Second Flexner Century" shifts focus from the education of medical students to the education of the general population in the "4 health literacies." Compared with the remarkable success of the first Flexner Revolution, retrofitting medical science education into the US general population today, starting with K-12 students, is a more daunting task...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781133/smartphone-use-and-the-perception-of-professionalism-among-medical-students-and-surgical-faculty
#9
Silka Patel, Anne Lidor, Abanti Sanyal, Alice R Goepfert, Nancy Hueppchen
OBJECTIVE: To understand the perception of professionalism surrounding smartphone use (wards/educational activities) among medical students and surgical faculty. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was conducted using an electronic survey and distributed to third- and fourth-year medical students, obstetrics/gynecology, and surgery faculty members. Five cases were randomly presented; participants were asked to review and rate the clinician's behavior on a 5-point Likert scale...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780525/medical-students-perceptions-of-professional-misconduct-relationship-with-typology-and-year-of-programme
#10
Juliana Zulkifli, Brad Noel, Deirdre Bennett, Siun O'Flynn, Colm O'Tuathaigh
AIM: To examine the contribution of programme year and demographic factors to medical students' perceptions of evidence-based classification categories of professional misconduct. METHODS: Students at an Irish medical school were administered a cross-sectional survey comprising 31 vignettes of professional misconduct, which mapped onto a 12-category classification system. Students scored each item using a 5-point Likert scale, where 1 represents the least severe form of misconduct and 5 the most severe...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780134/initial-validation-of-a-virtual-blood-draw-exposure-paradigm-for-fear-of-blood-and-needles
#11
Z Trost, A Jones, A Guck, T Vervoort, J M Kowalsky, C R France
Fear of blood, injections, and needles commonly prevents or delays individuals' receipt of health care, such as vaccines or blood draws. Innovative methods are needed to overcome these fears and reduce anxiety related to activities of this nature. The present study describes initial testing of an arm illusion paradigm that may prove useful during early phases of graded exposure for people with blood and needle fear. Seventy-four undergraduate students aged 18-29 years were tested. In line with study aims, results indicated that the virtual blood draw paradigm promoted strong perceptions of arm ownership and elicited significant changes in physiological indices (blood pressure, heart rate, electrodermal activity, respiratory rate) in response to key procedure elements (e...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776146/a-focused-addiction-curriculum-and-its-impact-on-student-knowledge-attitudes-and-confidence-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-substance-use
#12
Robert J Feeley, David T Moore, Kirsten Wilkins, Brian Fuehrlein
BACKGROUND: Assessment of attitudes towards addiction in medical students has largely gone unexplored. This study examines the impact of a supplemental substance use disorder curriculum in the psychiatry clerkship on medical student attitudes towards addiction. METHODS: The curriculum was only administered to students at one clerkship site. Subsequently, medical students were surveyed across all sites regarding their attitudes towards addiction. RESULTS: The survey response rate was 37...
August 3, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776145/factors-associated-with-grade-appeals-a-survey-of-psychiatry-clerkship-directors
#13
Lia A Thomas, Nathaniel Milburn, Abigail Kay, Erica Hatch
PURPOSE: In an effort to provide medical students with opportunities for accurate grading, some psychiatry clerkship directors allow for grade appeals. The authors examined the appeals process from the clerkship directors' perspective. METHODS: A 23-item survey, consisting of multiple choice and narrative questions, was sent to allopathic and osteopathic accredited schools in North America. Questions included information about the medical school, the clerkship director, and the grade appeal processes...
August 3, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774522/integrating-retinal-simulation-with-a-peer-assessed-group-osce-format-to-teach-direct-ophthalmoscopy
#14
Imran H Yusuf, Edward Ridyard, Timothy H M Fung, Zuzana Sipkova, Chetan K Patel
OBJECTIVE: To describe the conception and evaluation of a novel educational intervention to teach direct ophthalmoscopy with retinal simulators using a peer-assessed group objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) format. DESIGN: Prospective, single-centre educational trial at Oxford University Medical School, Oxford, U.K. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 160 consecutive undergraduate fifth-year medical students participated in the study. METHODS: Students identified prior experience, teaching, examination, and feedback relevant to direct ophthalmoscopy...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771649/implementing-a-disaster-preparedness-curriculum-for-medical-students
#15
Edward H Jasper, Gregory K Wanner, Dale Berg, Katherine Berg
OBJECTIVES: Training in disaster medicine and preparedness is minimal or absent in the curricula of many medical schools in the United States. Despite a 2003 joint recommendation by the Association of American Medical Colleges and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, few medical schools require disaster training for medical students. The challenges of including disaster training in an already rigorous medical school curriculum are significant. We evaluated medical students' experiences with mandatory disaster training during a 2-year period in a medical university setting...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769600/what-millennial-medical-students-say-about-flipped-learning
#16
Robin K Pettit, Lise McCoy, Marjorie Kinney
Flipped instruction is gaining popularity in medical schools, but there are unanswered questions such as the optimum amount of the curriculum to flip and whether flipped sessions should be mandatory. We were in a unique position to evaluate feedback from first-year medical students who had experienced both flipped and lecture-based courses during their first semester of medical school. A key finding was that the students preferred a variety of different learning formats over an "all or nothing" learning format...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767175/acknowledging-medical-students-reports-of-intimidation-and-humiliation-by-their-teachers-in-hospitals
#17
Jenny Barrett, Karen M Scott
AIM: The continuing existence of 'teaching by humiliation' of medical students and junior doctors in Australia has recently been highlighted in a number of research publications and media reports. This study investigates medical students' experiences of being intimidated or humiliated during their clinical rotations in Australian hospitals in paediatrics and adult medicine. METHODS: From factors identified in earlier research, a two-page survey was developed for administration at two Australian medical schools...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766125/medical-school-factors-associated-with-changes-in-implicit-and-explicit-bias-against-gay-and-lesbian-people-among-3492-graduating-medical-students
#18
Sean M Phelan, Sara E Burke, Rachel R Hardeman, Richard O White, Julia Przedworski, John F Dovidio, Sylvia P Perry, Michael Plankey, Brooke A Cunningham, Deborah Finstad, Mark W Yeazel, Michelle van Ryn
BACKGROUND: Implicit and explicit bias among providers can influence the quality of healthcare. Efforts to address sexual orientation bias in new physicians are hampered by a lack of knowledge of school factors that influence bias among students. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether medical school curriculum, role modeling, diversity climate, and contact with sexual minorities predict bias among graduating students against gay and lesbian people. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
August 1, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765138/attitudes-on-cost-effectiveness-and-equity-a-cross-sectional-study-examining-the-viewpoints-of-medical-professionals
#19
David G Li, Gordon X Wong, David T Martin, David J Tybor, Jennifer Kim, Jeffrey Lasker, Roger Mitty, Deeb Salem
OBJECTIVE: To determine the attitudes of physicians and trainees in regard to the roles of both cost-effectiveness and equity in clinical decision making. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, electronic surveys containing a hypothetical decision-making scenario were sent to medical professionals to select between two colon cancer screening tests for a population. SETTING: Three Greater Boston academic medical institutions: Tufts University School of Medicine, Tufts Medical Centre and Lahey Hospital and Medical Centre...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763733/finding-the-sweet-spot-developing-implementing-and-evaluating-a-burn-out-and-compassion-fatigue-intervention-for-third-year-medical-trainees
#20
Tara Tucker, Maryse Bouvette, Shauna Daly, Pamela Grassau
Medical trainees are at high risk for developing burnout. Introducing trainees to the risks of burnout and supporting identification and proactive responses to their 'warning' signs of compassion fatigue (CF) is critical in building resiliency. The authors developed and evaluated a burnout and CF program for third year trainees at a Canadian Medical School. Of 165 medical trainees who participated in the burnout and CF program, 59 (36%) provided evaluation and feedback of the program and its impact throughout their year...
July 22, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
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