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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332234/attitudes-of-u-s-psychiatry-residents-and-fellows-towards-mental-illness-and-its-causes-a-comparison-study-with-medical-students
#1
Catherine Chiles, Elina Stefanovics, Robert Rosenheck
Stigma towards people with mental illness remains a burden for patients and healthcare providers. This study at a large US university examined the attitudes of psychiatry residents and fellows towards mental illness and its causes, and whether their attitudes differed from the medical student attitudes previously studied utilizing the same survey method. An electronic questionnaire examining attitudes toward people with mental illness, causes of mental Illness, and treatment efficacy was used to survey the attitudes of psychiatry residents and fellows...
January 13, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331000/evaluation-of-peer-assisted-learning-in-evidence-based-medicine-course-a-pilot-study-at-university-of-glasgow
#2
Syed Hamid Habib, Muhammad Omar Malik, Sadia Fatima, Inayat Shah
BACKGROUND: Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) is a well-established approach in learning and is increasingly being utilized in the medical education system. It is a process where active help of peer group members is taken for learning. This study aimed to look at the impact of peer assisted learning on the students at the end of the session. METHODS: Sixteen Postgraduate students attending Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) course spanning over two semesters (6 months each) were recruited...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325943/neurosurgical-care-availability-and-access-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
Maria Punchak, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Sonal Sachdev, Ya-Ching Hung, Sophie Peeters, Abbas Rattani, Michael Dewan, Walter D Johnson, Kee B Park
BACKGROUND: An estimated 5 billion people worldwide lack access to basic surgical care. In particular, the vast majority of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) currently struggle to provide adequate neurosurgical services. Significant barriers exist, including limited access to trained medical, nursing and allied health staff, lack of equipment, and availability of services at reasonable distance and at reasonable cost to patients. An accurate assessment of current neurosurgical capacity in LIMCs is an essential first step in tackling this deficit...
January 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323780/nurses-perceptions-on-the-overuse-of-health-services-a-qualitative-study
#4
Moriah E Ellen, Saritte Perlman
PURPOSE: To examine whether nurses in Israel think there is overuse of health services, the reasons behind the issue, and ways to reduce the overuse. DESIGN: This was a qualitative study using semistructured interviews. A convenience sample of community care nurses from health clinics across Israel was interviewed. Interviews focused on common areas of overuse, outcomes of overuse, causes of overuse, and potential ways to address the issue. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed thematically...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315380/alcohol-and-age
#5
Ilana B Crome, Peter Crome
Alcohol consumption constitutes a substantial burden of disease. Older people are being admitted to hospital for alcohol problems in increasing numbers. A recent systematic review reports cautious supportive evidence for primary prevention interventions in reducing excessive alcohol consumption in older drinkers, but does not focus on treatment of dependent drinkers. The evidence base for treatment interventions for dependent drinkers is comparatively limited, but it is growing. In addition to brief interventions, specialist outpatient treatment and inpatient treatment have been evaluated...
January 5, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306748/postgraduate-nurses-self-assessment-of-clinical-competence-and-need-for-further-training-a-european-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Sigrid Wangensteen, Elisabeth Finnbakk, Annsofie Adolfsson, Gudrun Kristjansdottir, Petrie Roodbol, Helen Ward, Lisbeth Fagerström
BACKGROUND: Nursing practice requires application of knowledge, skills and values in various combinations and has undergone substantial changes the last decades. An increased focus on inter-professional collaboration and possible new and more independent roles for nurses are described. A variety of programs have been developed in order to educate registered nurses (RN) to meet the changes and demands in health and nursing care throughout the world. AIM: The aims were to 1) describe nurses' self-assessment of clinical competence and need for further training, and 2) explore possible differences between nurses in specialist vs master's programs...
December 20, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306578/utility-of-a-standardized-fourth-year-medical-student-surgical-preparatory-curriculum-program-director-perceptions
#7
Melissa K Stewart, Rebecca C Henry, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, Kyla P Terhune
OBJECTIVE: Each July, surgical interns arrive to residency with variable skills, knowledge, and clinical experience. To standardize and improve intern preparation, the American College of Surgeons (ACS), Association of Program Directors in Surgery, and Association for Surgical Education developed a pilot Resident Prep Curriculum (RPC). To date, no studies have analyzed these efforts. We aimed to discern program director (PD) perceptions of RPC participants as an initial means of analysis...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305517/allergy-teaching-is-suboptimal-and-heterogeneous-in-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-in-the-uk
#8
Emily Frances Reid, Mamidupudi Thirumala Krishna, Claire Bethune
AIM: To record the level of allergy teaching occurring in UK medical schools. The UK has experienced an 'allergy epidemic' during the last 3-4 decades. Previous government reviews have emphasised the importance of allergy education and training, treating common allergies in primary care with referral pathways to a specialist and the creation of regional networks. It is acknowledged that the delivery of allergy teaching in UK medical schools is variable, despite the well-recognised need...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305073/out-of-the-basement-and-into-the-classroom-pathways-for-expanding-the-role-of-radiation-oncologists-in-medical-student-education
#9
Malcolm D Mattes, William Small, Neha Vapiwala
PURPOSE: To characterize radiation oncologist involvement in undergraduate medical education at US academic medical centers and to incorporate these findings into practical pathways for greater and broader integration of radiation oncology (RO) into medical curricula. METHODS: Chairpersons and residency program directors at RO departments directly affiliated with a medical school were asked to describe all the ways in which radiation oncologists in their department are involved in medical student education, excluding their elective clerkship...
January 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304800/voluntary-vs-compulsory-student-evaluation-of-clerkships-effect-on-validity-and-potential-bias
#10
Sola Aoun Bahous, Pascale Salameh, Angelique Salloum, Wael Salameh, Yoon Soo Park, Ara Tekian
BACKGROUND: Students evaluations of their learning experiences can provide a useful source of information about clerkship effectiveness in undergraduate medical education. However, low response rates in clerkship evaluation surveys remain an important limitation. This study examined the impact of increasing response rates using a compulsory approach on validity evidence. METHODS: Data included 192 responses obtained voluntarily from 49 third-year students in 2014-2015, and 171 responses obtained compulsorily from 49 students in the first six months of the consecutive year at one medical school in Lebanon...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304791/medical-school-clinical-placements-the-optimal-method-for-assessing-the-clinical-educational-environment-from-a-graduate-entry-perspective
#11
Sarah Hyde, Ailish Hannigan, Tim Dornan, Deirdre McGrath
BACKGROUND: Educational environment is a strong determinant of student satisfaction and achievement. The learning environments of medical students on clinical placements are busy workplaces, composed of many variables. There is no universally accepted method of evaluating the clinical learning environment, nor is there consensus on what concepts or aspects should be measured. The aims of this study were to compare the Dundee ready educational environment measure (DREEM - the current de facto standard) and the more recently developed Manchester clinical placement index (MCPI) for the assessment of the clinical learning environment in a graduate entry medical student cohort by correlating the scores of each and analysing free text comments...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302181/medical-students-attitudes-toward-torture-revisited
#12
Krista Dubin, Andrew R Milewski, Joseph Shin, Thomas P Kalman
This paper reports the findings of a survey of medical students' attitudes toward torture and discusses variables that may correlate with those attitudes. In late 2016, 483 enrolled medical and MD-PhD students at the Weill Cornell Medical College received an anonymous, institutional review board-approved survey that included questions about torture and its effectiveness, demographic questions, inquiries about personal experiences of harassment or discrimination, and questions regarding engagement in human rights activities...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300350/exploring-the-knowledge-and-perception-of-generic-medicines-among-final-year-undergraduate-medical-pharmacy-and-nursing-students-in-sierra-leone-a-comparative-cross-sectional-approach
#13
Peter Bai James, Abdulai Jawo Bah, Emmanuel Kamanda Margao, Christian Hanson, John Alimamy Kabba, Shazia Qasim Jamshed
Most low-income nations have national medicine policy that emphasized the use of generic medicines in the public health sector. However, the use of generics is often debatable as there are concerns over its efficacy, quality, and safety compared to their branded counterparts. This study was conducted to compare the knowledge and perception of generic medicines among final year undergraduate medical, pharmacy, and nursing students in Sierra Leone. We conducted a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study among these students at the College of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences University of Sierra Leone...
January 4, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299832/the-2016-survey-of-the-association-of-directors-of-medical-student-education-in-psychiatry
#14
Lia A Thomas, Gary Beck Dallaghan, Richard M Balon
OBJECTIVE: The members of the Association of Directors of Medical Student Education in Psychiatry (ADMSEP) had been last surveyed in 2010 to identify trends in medical student education in psychiatry, teaching methods, academic productivity, and administrative issues. With increasing requirements, ADMSEP members were surveyed in 2016 to characterize current expectations for and needs of medical student educators in psychiatry. METHODS: A 53-item survey was sent to members of ADMSEP (n=260) and to clerkship directors nationwide...
January 3, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298717/experiences-of-pressure-to-conform-in-postgraduate-medical-education
#15
Jan Grendar, Tanya Beran, Elizabeth Oddone-Paolucci
BACKGROUND: Perception of pressure to conform prevents learners from actively participating in educational encounters. We expected that residents would report experiencing different amounts of pressure to conform in a variety of educational settings. METHODS: A total of 166 residents completed questionnaires about the frequency of conformity pressure they experience across 14 teaching and clinical settings. We examined many individual characteristics such as their age, sex, international student status, level of education, and tolerance of ambiguity; and situational characteristics such as residency program, type of learning session, status of group members, and type of rotation to determine when conformity pressure is most likely to occur...
January 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288367/antimicrobial-resistance-and-antibiotic-stewardship-programs-in-the-icu-insistence-and-persistence-in-the-fight-against-resistance-a-position-statement-from-esicm-escmid-waaar-round-table-on-multi-drug-resistance
#16
Jan J De Waele, Murat Akova, Massimo Antonelli, Rafael Canton, Jean Carlet, Daniel De Backer, George Dimopoulos, José Garnacho-Montero, Jozef Kesecioglu, Jeffrey Lipman, Mervyn Mer, José-Artur Paiva, Mario Poljak, Jason A Roberts, Jesus Rodriguez Bano, Jean-François Timsit, Jean-Ralph Zahar, Matteo Bassetti
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a clear and present danger to patients in any intensive care unit (ICU) around the world. Whereas AMR may affect any patient in the hospital, patients in the ICU are particularly at risk of acquiring AMR infections due to the intensity of the treatment, use of invasive devices, increased risk of transmission and exposure to antibiotics. AMR is present in every ICU, although prevalence is geographically different and AMR pathogens encountered are variable. Intensive care and infectious disease specialists from the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine, European Society of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases and World Alliance Against Antimicrobial Resistance, united in the ANTARCTICA (Antimicrobial Resistance in Critical Care) coalition, call for increased awareness and action among health care professionals to reduce AMR development in critically ill patients, to improve treatment of AMR infections and to coordinate scientific research in this high-risk patient population...
December 29, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283950/evaluating-resident-perspectives-on-international-humanitarian-missions
#17
Matthew D Chetta, Afaaf Shakir, Laurence S Paek, Gordon K Lee
BACKGROUND: Opportunities for international missions are highly sought after by medical students, residents, and attending plastic surgeons. The educational benefits and ethical considerations of trainees participating in these ventures have been extensively debated. At the time of this writing, many surgical training programs lack the necessary infrastructure or funds to support missions of this sort. Despite the increasing interest, the perceived benefit of international work has not yet been well studied...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282069/health-system-s-response-for-physician-workforce-shortages-and-the-upcoming-crisis-in-ethiopia-a-grounded-theory-research
#18
Tsion Assefa, Damen Haile Mariam, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Miliard Derbew
BACKGROUND: A rapid transition from severe physician workforce shortage to massive production to ensure the physician workforce demand puts the Ethiopian health care system in a variety of challenges. Therefore, this study discovered how the health system response for physician workforce shortage using the so-called flooding strategy was viewed by different stakeholders. METHODS: The study adopted the grounded theory research approach to explore the causes, contexts, and consequences (at the present, in the short and long term) of massive medical student admission to the medical schools on patient care, medical education workforce, and medical students...
December 28, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280752/medical-graduates-truthful-and-useful-analytics-with-big-data-and-the-art-of-persuasion
#19
Des Gorman, T Michael Kashner
The authors propose that the provision of state-of-the-art, effective, safe, and affordable health care requires medical school graduates not only to be competent practitioners and scientists, but also to be policy makers and professional leaders. To meet this challenge in the era of big data and cloud computing, these graduates must be able to understand and critically interpret analyses of large, observational datasets from electronic health records, third party claims files, surveys, and epidemiologic health datasets...
December 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279681/awareness-of-basic-life-support-among-saudi-dental-students-and-interns
#20
Hashem Motahir Al-Shamiri, Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri, Bassam Shugaa-Addin, Nader Ahmed Alaizari, Abdulrahman Hunaish
Objective: Fatal medical emergencies may occur at any time in the dental clinic. The present study assessed the level of awareness and attitudes toward basic life support (BLS) among Saudi dental students and interns. Materials and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire comprising 23 closed-ended questions was used in this survey. The first part of the questionnaire assessed the demographical profile of the students such as age, gender, and educational level...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
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