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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423232/a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-anatomy-learning-experiences-questionnaire-and-correlations-with-learning-outcomes
#1
Derek L Choi-Lundberg, Anne-Marie M Williams, Craig Zimitat
The Anatomy Learning Experiences Questionnaire (ALEQ) was designed by Smith and Mathias to explore students' perceptions and experiences of learning anatomy. In this study, the psychometric properties of a slightly altered 34-item ALEQ (ALEQ-34) were evaluated, and correlations with learning outcomes investigated, by surveying first- and second-year undergraduate medical students; 181 usable responses were obtained (75% response rate). Psychometric analysis demonstrated overall good reliability (Cronbach's alpha of 0...
April 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423056/hair-and-stress-a-pilot-study-of-hair-and-cytokine-balance-alteration-in-healthy-young-women-under-major-exam-stress
#2
Eva M J Peters, Yvonne Müller, Wenke Snaga, Herbert Fliege, Anett Reißhauer, Thomas Schmidt-Rose, Heiner Max, Dorothea Schweiger, Matthias Rose, Johannes Kruse
Mouse models show that experimental stress mimicking prolonged life-stress exposure enhances neurogenic inflammation, induces adaptive immunity cytokine-imbalance characterized by a shift to Type 1 T-helper cell cytokines and increases apoptosis of epithelial cells. This affects hair growth in otherwise healthy animals. In this study, we investigate whether a prolonged naturalistic life-stress exposure affects cytokine balance and hair parameters in healthy humans. 33 (18 exam, 15 comparison) female medical students with comparable sociobiological status were analyzed during a stressful final examination period, at three points in time (T) 12 weeks apart...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422815/no-time-for-silence-an-urgent-need-for-political-activism-among-the-medical-community
#3
Erik Levinsohn, Karrin Weisenthal, Priscilla Wang, Andi Shahu, Matthew Meizlish, Talia Robledo-Gil, Eamon Duffy, Samara Fox, Juliana Berk-Krauss
Despite being a major stakeholder in the U.S. health care system, the medical community has remained relatively mute in the debate over the future of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). If the ACA were repealed, tens of millions of Americans would be in danger of losing their insurance, resulting in a significant increase in mortality. Because misinformation about the ACA is rampant, it is imperative that health care providers explain to the public what exactly the ACA is and how repeal will affect patients...
April 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422814/the-effect-of-rubric-guided-focused-personalized-coaching-sessions-and-video-recorded-presentations-on-teaching-skills-among-fourth-year-medical-students-a-pilot-study
#4
Vatche Tchekmedyian, Helen M Shields, Stephen R Pelletier, Valeria C Pazo
PROBLEM: As medical students become residents, teaching becomes an expected and integral responsibility. Yet, training-for-teaching opportunities are lacking. In 2014, the authors designed a pilot study using rubric-guided, focused, personalized coaching sessions and video-recorded presentations to improve student teaching skills among fourth-year students at Harvard Medical School. APPROACH: In 2014-2015, the authors recruited students from an elective on how to tutor preclinical students for the pilot, which consisted of four phases: a precoaching teaching presentation, a 30- to 45-minute coaching session, a postcoaching teaching presentation, and blinded reviewer ratings...
April 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418205/it-s-not-just-what-you-know-junior-trainees-approach-to-follow-up-and-documentation
#5
Dani C Cadieux, Mark Goldszmidt
CONTEXT: In teaching hospitals, junior trainees (first-year residents and third-year medical students) are responsible for patient follow-up and documentation under the supervision of senior team members. In order to support trainees in their role, supervisors need to understand how trainees approach these tasks and how they can be coached to develop best practices. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of our study was to explore the range of practices used by junior trainees in clinical settings...
April 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418106/student-derived-solutions-to-address-barriers-hindering-reports-of-unprofessional-behaviour
#6
Jaden R Kohn, Joseph M Armstrong, Rachel A Taylor, Diana L Whitney, Anne C Gill
BACKGROUND: Barriers hinder medical students from reporting breaches in professional behaviour, which can adversely impact institutional culture. No studies have reported student perspectives on how to address these barriers successfully. Our study (i) evaluated the likelihood of reporting based on violation severity, (ii) assessed barriers to reporting and (iii) elicited students' proposed solutions. METHODS: Four medical students designed a cross-sectional study in 2015...
April 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417609/action-plans-and-coping-strategies-in-elderly-copd-patients-influence-the-result-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-an-observational-study
#7
Patrizia Russo, Giulia Prinzi, Aliaksei Kisialou, Vittorio Cardaci, Emanuele Stirpe, Vittoria Conti, Massimo Fini, Stefano Bonassi
BACKGROUND: COPD management needs a comprehensive assessment of clinical features (symptoms severity, co-morbidities) together with life-style, behavioural, socio-economic and multi-omics parameters. Among the other issues, psycho-cognitive assessment plays a critical role. Coping strategies are used to manage psychological stress. AIM: To evaluate the association between coping strategies and outcome of Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR). DESIGN: Observational study...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417030/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-basic-life-support-among-health-students-at-a-saudi-women-s-university
#8
Maha A Al-Mohaissen
OBJECTIVES: Awareness of basic life support (BLS) is paramount to ensure the provision of essential life-saving medical care in emergency situations. This study aimed to measure knowledge of BLS and attitudes towards BLS training among female health students at a women's university in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study took place between January and April 2016 at five health colleges of the Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414414/response-to-medical-student-career-choice-comparing-the-social-accountability-of-canadian-and-american-medical-schools
#9
Michael R Peabody, Thomas R O'Neill, James C Puffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413735/a-survey-of-handwashing-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-the-healthcare-professionals-in-lahore-pakistan
#10
Ahsan Zil-E-Ali, Mohsin A Cheema, Muhammad Wajih Ullah, Hamzah Ghulam, Mariam Tariq
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge and attitudes towards handwashing of clinical year medical and dental students and health-care professionals (HCPs) working in the departments of medicine, surgery, dentistry, nursing, and physiotherapy in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted during May and June 2016. After approval from the institutional review board, a modified form of the World Health Organization (WHO) Hand Hygiene Knowledge Questionnaire for Healthcare workers that included 18 items was sent to 400 clinical year students and HCPs from six medical colleges and affiliated hospitals of Lahore...
March 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410688/education-and-training-of-medical-physics-in-iran-the-past-the-present-and-the-future
#11
Seyed Rabi Mahdavi, Behrouz Rasuli, Azam Niroomand-Rad
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the current status of education and training programs in medical physics in Iran. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed and sent to 274 IAMP (Iranian Association of Medical Physicists) members focusing on these two topics: the educational situation (course syllabus, number of faculty members, number of PhD and MSc students and sub-fields offered in the department) and the professional situation (work experience, workplaces of medical physicists, postgraduate degrees that were granted and the amount of therapy and imaging equipment)...
April 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406108/specialty-preferences-and-motivating-factors-a-national-survey-on-medical-students-from-five-uae-medical-schools
#12
Mahera Abdulrahman, Maryam Makki, Sami Shaaban, Maryam Al Shamsi, Manda Venkatramana, Nabil Sulaiman, Manal M Sami, Dima K Abdelmannan, AbdulJabbar M A Salih, Laila AlShaer
BACKGROUND: Workforce planning is critical for being able to deliver appropriate health service and thus is relevant to medical education. It is, therefore, important to understand medical students' future specialty choices and the factors that influence them. This study was conducted to identify, explore, and analyze the factors influencing specialty preferences among medical students of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: A multiyear, multicenter survey of medical student career choice was conducted with all five UAE medical schools...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406107/evaluating-the-use-of-twitter-as-a-tool-to-increase-engagement-in-medical-education
#13
Basia Diug, Evie Kendal, Dragan Ilic
BACKGROUND: Social media is regularly used by undergraduate students. Twitter has a constant feed to the most current research, news and opinions of experts as well as organisations. Limited evidence exists that examines how to use social media platforms, such as Twitter, effectively in medical education. Furthermore, there is limited evidence to inform educators regarding social media's potential to increase student interaction and engagement. AIM: To evaluate whether social media, in particular Twitter, can be successfully used as a pedagogical tool in an assessment to increase student engagement with staff, peers and course content...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402757/partners-in-public-health
#14
Natalie A DiPietro Mager, Leslie Ochs, Paul L Ranelli, Abby A Kahaleh, Monina R Lahoz, Radha V Patel, Oscar W Garza, Diana Isaacs, Suzanne Clark
To collect data on public health collaborations with schools of pharmacy, we sent a short electronic survey to accredited and preaccredited pharmacy programs in 2015. We categorized public health collaborations as working or partnering with local and/or state public health departments, local and/or state public health organizations, academic schools or programs of public health, and other public health collaborations. Of 134 schools, 65 responded (49% response rate). Forty-six (71%) responding institutions indicated collaborations with local and/or state public health departments, 34 (52%) with schools or programs of public health, and 24 (37%) with local and/or state public health organizations...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396034/optimizing-physician-skill-development-for-medical-students-the-four-part-assessment
#15
Justin J J Watson, Phillip M Kemp Bohan, Katrina Ramsey, John D Yonge, Christopher R Connelly, Richard J Mullins, Jennifer M Watters, Martin A Schreiber, Laszlo N Kiraly
BACKGROUND: Medical student performance has been poorly correlated with residency performance and warrants further investigation. We propose a novel surgical assessment tool to determine correlations with clinical aptitude. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical student assessments from 2013 to 2015. Faculty rating of student performance was evaluated by: 1) case presentation, 2) problem definition, 3) question response and 4) use of literature and correlated to final exam assessment...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393101/assessment-of-medication-use-among-university-students-in-ethiopia
#16
Dessalegn Asmelashe Gelayee, Gashaw Binega
Background. The extent, nature, and determinants of medication use of individuals can be known from drug utilization studies. Objectives. This study intended to determine medication consumption, sharing, storage, and disposal practices of university students in Northwest Ethiopia. Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 404 university students selected through stratified random sampling technique. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire and analyzed with SPSS version 20 statistical software...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390400/a-comparative-study-do-clickers-increase-student-engagement-in-multidisciplinary-clinical-microbiology-teaching
#17
Niall T Stevens, Hélène McDermott, Fiona Boland, Teresa Pawlikowska, Hilary Humphreys
BACKGROUND: Audience response devices, or "clickers", have been used in the education of future healthcare professionals for several years with varying success. They have been reported to improve the learning experience by promoting engagement and knowledge retention. In 2014, our department evaluated the use of "clickers" in a newly introduced multidisciplinary approach to teaching large groups of third year medical students clinical cases developed around a microbiology theme. METHODS: Six multidisciplinary teaching sessions covering community-acquired pneumonia, tuberculosis, infective endocarditis, peritonitis, bloodstream infection with pyelonephritis and bacterial meningitis were included in the study...
April 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386856/change-in-medical-student-attitudes-toward-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-after-course-exposure
#18
Makeida B Koyi, Archana Nelliot, Dean MacKinnon, Darius A Rastegar, Michael Fingerhood, Anika Alvanzo, Leonard Feldman, Karin J Neufeld
OBJECTIVE: Negative physician attitudes toward patients with substance use disorders (SUD) pose a significant barrier to treatment. This study tests the overall and intra-individual change in attitudes of second year medical students after exposure to a 15 hour SUD course. METHODS: Two cohorts of second year medical students (2014 and 2015) responded to an anonymous 13-item previously published survey exploring personal views regarding patients with SUD using a four-point Likert scale...
April 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385619/medical-students-assessment-of-eduard-pernkopf-s-atlas-topographical-anatomy-of-man
#19
Demetrius M Coombs, Steven J Peitzman
INTRODUCTION: To date there has been no study reflecting the perceptions of first-year medical students on Eduard Pernkopf's atlas, particularly during their study of gross anatomy and prior to coursework in medical ethics. We present a discussion of Pernkopf's Atlas: Topographical Anatomy of Man from the perspective of U.S. medical students, and sought to determine whether medical students view Pernkopf's Topographical Anatomy of Man as a resource of greater accuracy, detail, and potential educational utility as compared to Netter's Atlas of Human Anatomy...
April 3, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384887/the-impact-of-eating-and-exercise-frequency-on-weight-gain-a-cross-sectional-study-on-medical-undergraduate-students
#20
Abhinitha Padavinangadi, Lee Zi Xuan, Nishalini Chandrasekaran, Nursyahirah Johari, Naveen Kumar, Raghu Jetti
INTRODUCTION: Diverse factors influence an individual's ability to successfully achieve and maintain energy balance consistent with a healthy body weight. Eating frequency is one among the varied feature that thought to have a direct impact on the body weight gain. AIM: The present cross-sectional study has been carried out with the intention of awareness of food habit that specifically emphasize the frequency of eating and its effect on weight gain of an individual...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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