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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435282/managing-the-patient-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#1
REVIEW
Caroline Marr, Alison Seasman, Nick Bishop
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous heritable connective tissue disorder characterized by low bone density. The type and severity of OI are variable. The primary manifestations are fractures, bone deformity, and bone pain, resulting in reduced mobility and function to complete everyday tasks. OI affects not only the physical but also the social and emotional well-being of children, young people, and their families. As such, medical, surgical, and allied health professionals' assessments all play a role in the management of these children...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433825/a-distributed-framework-for-health-information-exchange-using-smartphone-technologies
#2
Mohamed Abdulnabi, Ahmed Al-Haiqi, Mlm Kiah, A A Zaidan, B B Zaidan, Muzammil Hussein
Nationwide health information exchange (NHIE) continues to be a persistent concern for government agencies, despite the many efforts and the conceived benefits of sharing patient data among healthcare providers. Difficulties in ensuring global connectivity, interoperability, and concerns on security have always hampered the government from successfully deploying NHIE. By looking at NHIE from a fresh perspective and bearing in mind the pervasiveness and power of modern mobile platforms, this paper proposes a new approach to NHIE that builds on the notion of consumer-mediated HIE, albeit without the focus on central health record banks...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419529/critical-discourse-analysis-of-social-justice-in-nursing-s-foundational-documents
#3
Claire P Valderama-Wallace
OBJECTIVE: Social inequities threaten the health of the global population. A superficial acknowledgement of social justice by nursing's foundational documents may limit the degree to which nurses view injustice as relevant to nursing practice and education. The purpose was to examine conceptualizations of social justice and connections to broader contexts in the most recent editions. DESIGN: Critical discourse analysis examines and uncovers dynamics related to power, language, and inequality within the American Nurses Association's Code of Ethics, Scope and Standards of Practice, and Social Policy Statement...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413725/trypanosoma-cruzi-reservoir-triatomine-vector-co-occurrence-networks-reveal-meta-community-effects-by-synanthropic-mammals-on-geographic-dispersal
#4
Carlos N Ibarra-Cerdeña, Leopoldo Valiente-Banuet, Víctor Sánchez-Cordero, Christopher R Stephens, Janine M Ramsey
Contemporary patterns of land use and global climate change are modifying regional pools of parasite host species. The impact of host community changes on human disease risk, however, is difficult to assess due to a lack of information about zoonotic parasite host assemblages. We have used a recently developed method to infer parasite-host interactions for Chagas Disease (CD) from vector-host co-occurrence networks. Vector-host networks were constructed to analyze topological characteristics of the network and ecological traits of species' nodes, which could provide information regarding parasite regional dispersal in Mexico...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408360/technology-use-and-preferences-for-mobile-phone-based-hiv-prevention-and-treatment-among-black-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-exploratory-research
#5
Ian W Holloway, Terrell Ja Winder, Charles Herbert Lea, Diane Tan, Donte Boyd, David Novak
BACKGROUND: Black young men who have sex with men (BYMSM) experience higher human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence than their white and Latino counterparts. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to understand BYMSM's preferences for mobile phone-based HIV prevention and treatment in order to inform culturally tailored interventions to reduce the spread of HIV and improve HIV treatment outcomes in this population. METHODS: Qualitative focus groups (N=6) with BYMSM aged 18-29 years (N=41; 46%, 19/41 HIV-positive) were conducted to elucidate their preferences for the design and delivery of mobile phone-based HIV prevention and treatment interventions...
April 13, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407507/concurrent-validation-of-an-index-to-estimate-fall-risk-in-community-dwelling-seniors-through-a-wireless-sensor-insole-system-a-pilot-study
#6
Mirko Di Rosa, Jeff M Hausdorff, Vera Stara, Lorena Rossi, Liam Glynn, Monica Casey, Stefan Burkard, Antonio Cherubini
Falls are a major health problem for older adults with immediate effects, such as fractures and head injuries, and longer term effects including fear of falling, loss of independence, and disability. The goals of the WIISEL project were to develop an unobtrusive, self-learning and wearable system aimed at assessing gait impairments and fall risk of older adults in the home setting; assessing activity and mobility in daily living conditions; identifying decline in mobility performance and detecting falls in the home setting...
April 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395536/conceptualizing-the-driving-forces-for-successful-rehabilitation-back-to-work
#7
Bodil J Landstad, Yvonne Åhrberg
BACKGROUND: An earlier study states that the terms of desire, longing, and vanity carry with them ideas, emotions, and values that influence how individuals perceive themselves and their rehabilitation process. Our aim was (1) to use concept analysis to explore the meaning of the terms desire, longing, and vanity and (2) to investigate the potential role of these concepts in successful rehabilitation back to work. METHODS: To achieve these two objectives, we used a model of concept analysis...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363879/get-connected-development-and-pilot-testing-of-an-intervention-to-improve-computer-and-internet-attitudes-and-internet-use-among-women-living-with-hiv
#8
Gabriela Seplovich, Keith J Horvath, Lorlette J Haughton, Oni J Blackstock
BACKGROUND: For persons living with chronic medical conditions, the Internet can be a powerful tool for health promotion, and allow for immediate access to medical information and social support. However, women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States face numerous barriers to computer and Internet use. Health behavior change models suggest that the first step towards adopting a new health behavior is to improve attitudes towards that behavior. OBJECTIVE: To develop and pilot test Get+Connected, an intervention to improve computer and Internet attitudes and Internet use among women living with HIV...
March 31, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351881/mjustice-preliminary-development-of-a-mobile-app-for-medical-forensic-documentation-of-sexual-violence-in-low-resource-environments-and-conflict-zones
#9
Ranit Mishori, Michael Anastario, Karen Naimer, Sucharita Varanasi, Hope Ferdowsian, Dori Abel, Kevin Chugh
Digital health development and use has been expansive and operationalized in a variety of settings and modalities around the world, including in low- and middle-income countries. Mobile applications have been developed for a variety of health professionals and frontline health workers including physicians, midwives, nurses, and community health workers. However, there are no published studies on the development and use of digital health related to human rights fieldwork and to our knowledge no mobile health platforms exist specifically for use by frontline health workers to forensically and clinically document sexual violence...
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351517/enhanced-activity-of-macrophage-m1-m2-phenotypes-in-periodontitis
#10
Jingmei Yang, Yan Zhu, Dingyu Duan, Panpan Wang, Yuejiao Xin, Lin Bai, Yiying Liu, Yi Xu
OBJECTIVE: Monocytes/macrophages play a key role in mobilizing host defense against microbial infection. The selectivity of gene expression can turn macrophages into M1- or M2-type and the plasticity and differentiation of both M1 and M2 macrophages may play important roles in the development of periodontal disease. Our research aimed to study the association between the ratio of M1/M2 macrophage and inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, MMP-9, and investigate the expressions of M1-and M2-type macrophages in gingivitis and chronic periodontitis...
March 11, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350282/an-m-health-system-for-education-and-motivation-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-the-experience-of-heartcycle-guided-exercise
#11
Dario Salvi, Manuel Ottaviano, Salla Muuraiskangas, Alvaro Martínez-Romero, Cecilia Vera-Muñoz, Andreas Triantafyllidis, Maria Fernanda Cabrera Umpiérrez, Maria Teresa Arredondo Waldmeyer, Erik Skobel, Christian Knackstedt, Hilkka Liedes, Anita Honka, Jean Luprano, John Gf Cleland, Wim Stut, Carolyn Deighan
Introduction Home-based programmes for cardiac rehabilitation play a key role in the recovery of patients with coronary artery disease. However, their necessary educational and motivational components have been rarely implemented with the help of modern mobile technologies. We developed a mobile health system designed for motivating patients to adhere to their rehabilitation programme by providing exercise monitoring, guidance, motivational feedback, and educational content. Methods Our multi-disciplinary approach is based on mapping "desired behaviours" into specific system's specifications, borrowing concepts from Fogg's Persuasive Systems Design principles...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340462/assessment-of-arsenic-and-fluorine-in-surface-soil-to-determine-environmental-and-health-risk-factors-in-the-comarca-lagunera-mexico
#12
Yareli A Sariñana-Ruiz, Jorge Vazquez-Arenas, Fabiola S Sosa-Rodríguez, Israel Labastida, Ma Aurora Armienta, Antonio Aragón-Piña, Miguel A Escobedo-Bretado, Laura S González-Valdez, Patricia Ponce-Peña, Hugo Ramírez-Aldaba, René H Lara
Total, bioaccessible and mobile concentrations of arsenic and fluorine are determined in polluted surface soil within the Comarca Lagunera region using standardized protocols to obtain a full description of the environmental behavior for these elements. The composition of mineral phases associated with them is evaluated with microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. Mineralogical characterizations indicate that ultra-fine particles (<1-5 μm) including mimetite-vanadite (Pb5(AsO4)3Cl, Pb5(AsO4, VO4)3Cl)-like, lead arseniate (Pb3(AsO4)2)-like and complex arsenic-bearing compounds are main arsenic-bearing phases, while fluorite (CaF2) is the only fluorine-bearing phase...
March 10, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339324/mobile-but-connected-harnessing-the-power-of-self-efficacy-and-group-support-for-weight-loss-success-through-mhealth-intervention
#13
Heewon Kim, Meara Faw, Andreas Michaelides
Despite the growing popularity of mHealth applications, their usage outcomes have received limited empirical attention. Drawing on server-level user activity data and an online survey (N = 384), this study examines the use of an mHealth application for weight loss to elucidate the ways in which it can help individuals harness the power of self-efficacy and group support to enact behavior change and accomplish their health goals. The results of structural equation modeling based on 6-month user activity data demonstrated that (a) self-efficacy had a positive impact on persistent food logging in an mHealth application; (b) social support received from a mobile group was positively associated with food logging and group participation; and (c) both food logging and group participation predicted weight loss success...
May 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335384/localization-and-tracking-of-implantable-biomedical-sensors
#14
REVIEW
Ilknur Umay, Barış Fidan, Billur Barshan
Implantable sensor systems are effective tools for biomedical diagnosis, visualization and treatment of various health conditions, attracting the interest of researchers, as well as healthcare practitioners. These systems efficiently and conveniently provide essential data of the body part being diagnosed, such as gastrointestinal (temperature, pH, pressure) parameter values, blood glucose and pressure levels and electrocardiogram data. Such data are first transmitted from the implantable sensor units to an external receiver node or network and then to a central monitoring and control (computer) unit for analysis, diagnosis and/or treatment...
March 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335382/feasibility%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-assessing%C3%A2-diet%C3%A2-with%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-mobile%C3%A2-food%C3%A2-record%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-adolescents%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-young%C3%A2-adults%C3%A2-with%C3%A2-down%C3%A2-syndrome
#15
Katherine E Bathgate, Jill L Sherriff, Helen Leonard, Satvinder S Dhaliwal, Edward J Delp, Carol J Boushey, Deborah A Kerr
Technology-based methods for assessing diet in those with disability remains largely unexplored. The aim was to assess the feasibility of assessing diet with an image-based mobile food record application (mFR) in 51 adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome (PANDs). Adherence was also assessed with the instruction to include a fiducial marker object in the before and after eating images. The PANDs sample completed a four-day mFR and results were compared with a sample of young adults from the Connecting Health and Technology study (CHAT, n = 244)...
March 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328390/the-efficacy-of-telemedicine-supported-discharge-within-an-in-home-model-of-care
#16
Edwin P Greenup, Melissa McCusker, Boyd A Potts, Andrew Bryett
OBJECTIVE: To determine if mobile videoconferencing technology can facilitate the discharge of low-acuity patients receiving in-home care without compromising short-term health outcomes. METHODS: A 6-month trial commenced in July 2015 with 345 patients considered unsuited to Criteria Led Discharge (CLD) receiving in-home care included as participants. Nurses providing clinical support to patients in their homes were supplied with a tablet computer (Apple iPad) with Internet connectivity (Telstra 4G Network) and videoconferencing software (Cisco Jabber for Telepresence)...
February 22, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293619/the-fitness-of-apps-a-theory-based-examination-of-mobile-fitness-app-usage-over-5-months
#17
Lynn Katherine Herrmann, Jinsook Kim
BACKGROUND: There are thousands of fitness-related smartphone applications ("apps") available for free and purchase, but there is uncertainty if these apps help individuals achieve and maintain personal fitness. Technology usage attrition is also a concern among research studies on health technologies. METHODS: Usage of three fitness apps was examined over 5 months to assess adherence and effectiveness. Initially, 64 participants downloaded three free apps available on Android and iOS and 47 remained in the study until posttest...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272705/the-most-common-factors-hindering-the-independent-functioning-of-the-elderly-at-home-by-age-and-sex
#18
D Talarska, S Kropińska, M Strugała, M Szewczyczak, S Tobis, K Wieczorowska-Tobis
OBJECTIVE: Changes occurring with increased age as well progressive illnesses can negatively affect the independent functioning of older people. The goal of this study was to identify the most common problems that make independent life at home more difficult for the elderly and to try and present their relation with age and gender. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 506 persons over 60 years of age took part in the study. They were residents of Poznań, Poland and surrounding areas...
February 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268934/map-reduce-for-optimizing-a-large-scale-dynamic-network-the-internet-of-hearts
#19
Chen Kan, Fabio M Leonelli, Hui Yang
Rapid advancements of sensing and mobile technology provide an unprecedented opportunity to empower smart and connected healthcare. Realizing the full potential of connected care depends, however, to a great extent on the capability of data analytics. Our previous study proposed a next-generation mobile health system, namely, the Internet of Heart (IoH). The IoH embeds patients into a dynamic network, where the distance between network nodes is determined by the dissimilarity of patients' conditions. Dynamics of the network reveal the change of clinical status of patients...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267146/new-dimensions-and-new-tools-to-realize-the-potential-of-rdoc-digital-phenotyping-via-smartphones-and-connected-devices
#20
J Torous, J-P Onnela, M Keshavan
Mobile and connected devices like smartphones and wearable sensors can facilitate the collection of novel naturalistic and longitudinal data relevant to psychiatry at both the personal and population level. The National Institute of Mental Health's Research Domain Criteria framework offers a useful roadmap to organize, guide and lead new digital phenotyping data towards research discoveries and clinical advances.
March 7, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
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