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Mobile connected health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130601/scaling-up-hiv-viral-load-lessons-from-the-large-scale-implementation-of-hiv-early-infant-diagnosis-and-cd4-testing
#1
Trevor Peter, Clement Zeh, Zachary Katz, Ali Elbireer, Bereket Alemayehu, Lara Vojnov, Alex Costa, Naoko Doi, Ilesh Jani
INTRODUCTION: The scale-up of effective HIV viral load (VL) testing is an urgent public health priority. Implementation of testing is supported by the availability of accurate, nucleic acid based laboratory and point-of-care (POC) VL technologies and strong WHO guidance recommending routine testing to identify treatment failure. However, test implementation faces challenges related to the developing health systems in many low-resource countries. The purpose of this commentary is to review the challenges and solutions from the large-scale implementation of other diagnostic tests, namely nucleic-acid based early infant HIV diagnosis (EID) and CD4 testing, and identify key lessons to inform the scale-up of VL...
November 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127077/is-connected-health-contributing-to-a-healthier-population
#2
Carmen G Loiselle, Saima Ahmed
Connected health tools, including mobile phones, incorporate various functions that capture events, direct actions, and make informed decisions based on complex sources of data. Connected health, a term recently proposed by some academics and industry, refers to the development, testing, and integration of smart technology tools into health care. Through these means, connected health creates interconnectivity across various environments, profoundly changing the way we learn, self-regulate, and communicate with one another...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117263/genetic-health-and-population-monitoring-of-two-small-black-bear-ursus-americanus-populations-in-alabama-with-a-regional-perspective-of-genetic-diversity-and-exchange
#3
John P Draper, Lisette P Waits, Jennifer R Adams, Christopher L Seals, Todd D Steury
One of the major concerns in conservation today is the loss of genetic diversity which is a frequent consequence of population isolation and small population sizes. Fragmentation of populations and persecution of carnivores has posed a substantial threat to the persistence of free ranging carnivores in North America since the arrival of European settlers. Black bears have seen significant reductions in range size from their historic extent, which is most pronounced in the southeastern United States and even more starkly in Alabama where until recently bears were reduced to a single geographically isolated population in the Mobile River Basin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114928/a-new-substitute-for-formalin-application-to-embalming-cadavers
#4
Yoshinori Haizuka, Miki Nagase, Satoshi Takashino, Yasushi Kobayashi, Yoshihisa Fujikura, George Matsumura
The development of formalin-free fixatives is an urgent issue in gross anatomy because of the health hazard and the tissue-hardening actions of formalin. We recently identified the fixative, antimicrobial, and preservative effects of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone (NVP), a precursor of the water-soluble macromolecular polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone, in animal experiments. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether NVP solution can be used as an alternative to formalin in human cadaveric dissection. Twelve donated cadavers were infused with NVP via the femoral and common carotid arteries using a peristaltic pump...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100731/-i-m-home-screen-social-media-in-health-care-has-arrived
#5
Laura T Housman
In more than a decade, the adoption and use of some type of social media among American adults has risen from 5% in 2005 to nearly 70% in 2016. The reigning social media platform by usage, Facebook, has 142% more American adult users than the second most utilized social media platform, Instagram, which was purchased by Facebook in March 2012. Of the 68% of American adult Facebook users, more than three quarters visit the site daily. Although social media applications (apps) such as Facebook and Instagram are the clear draw among users, health care apps are beginning to gain traction as well...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099332/-dis-connectivities-in-wartime-the-therapeutic-geographies-of-iraqi-healthcare-seeking-in-lebanon
#6
Omar Dewachi, Anthony Rizk, Neil V Singh
The proliferation of conflicts across borders of Middle Eastern States has transformed the landscapes of health and healthcare across the region. In the case of Iraq, state healthcare has collapsed under the strain of protracted conflicts. Meanwhile, Lebanon's post-war healthcare system is booming, and becoming more privatised. In this paper, we build on an ethnographic study on the movements and experiences of Iraqi patients in Lebanon to show how one of the consequences of war is the rise of alternative forms of healthcare-seeking practices and survival strategies - a therapeutic geography that is embedded in regional economies and geopolitical relations and reconfigurations...
November 3, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096614/-active-team-a-social-and-gamified-app-based-physical-activity-intervention-randomised-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#7
Sarah Edney, Ronald Plotnikoff, Corneel Vandelanotte, Tim Olds, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Jillian Ryan, Carol Maher
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a leading preventable cause of chronic disease and premature death globally, yet over half of the adult Australian population is inactive. To address this, web-based physical activity interventions, which have the potential to reach large numbers of users at low costs, have received considerable attention. To fully realise the potential of such interventions, there is a need to further increase their appeal to boost engagement and retention, and sustain intervention effects over longer periods of time...
November 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089290/adherence-to-report-and-patient-perception-of-an-interactive-app-for-managing-symptoms-during-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer-descriptive-study-of-logged-and-interview-data
#8
Ann Langius-Eklöf, Mats Christiansen, Veronica Lindström, Karin Blomberg, Maria Hälleberg Nyman, Yvonne Wengström, Kay Sundberg
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing radiotherapy for prostate cancer experience symptoms related to both the cancer itself and its treatment, and it is evident that patients with prostate cancer have unmet supportive care needs related to their disease. Over the past decade, there has been an increase in the amount of research within the field of mobile health and the use of apps as tools for managing illness. The main challenge is to develop a mobile technology to its full potential of being interactive in real time...
October 31, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067311/mnemonic-strategy-training-of-the-elderly-at-risk-for-dementia-enhances-integration-of-information-processing-via-cross-frequency-coupling
#9
Stavros I Dimitriadis, Ioannis Tarnanas, Mark Wiederhold, Brenda Wiederhold, Magda Tsolaki, Elgar Fleisch
INTRODUCTION: We sought to identify whether intensive 10-week mobile health mnemonic strategy training (MST) could shift the resting-state brain network more toward cortical-level integration, which has recently been proven to reflect the reorganization of the brain networks compensating the cognitive decline. METHODS: One hundred fifty-eight patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) were selected and participated in 10-week training lasting 90 min/d of memory training...
November 2016: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062537/tea-talk-and-technology-patient-and-public-involvement-to-improve-connected-health-wearables-research-in-dementia
#10
Lamiece Hassan, Caroline Swarbrick, Caroline Sanders, Angela Parker, Matt Machin, Mary P Tully, John Ainsworth
PLAIN ENGLISH SUMMARY: There are a growing number of mobile phones, watches and electronic devices which can be worn on the body to track aspects of health and well-being, such as daily steps, sleep and exercise. Dementia researchers think that these devices could potentially be used as part of future research projects, for example to help spot changes in daily activity that may signal the early symptoms of dementia. We asked a range of older people, including people living with dementia and their carers, to participate in interactive discussions about how future participants might find using these devices as part of research projects...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046768/smartphones-and-e-tablets-in-perioperative-medicine
#11
REVIEW
Frederic Michard
Smartphones and electronic tablets (e-tablets) have become ubiquitous devices. Their ease of use, smartness, accessibility, mobility and connectivity create unique opportunities to improve quality of surgical care from prehabilitation to rehabilitation. Before surgery, digital applications (Apps), serious games and text messaging may help for a better control of risk factors (hypertension, overweight), for smoking cessation, and for optimizing adherence to preoperative recommendations (e.g., regarding anticoagulation or antihypertensive treatments)...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046271/client-focused-security-assessment-of-mhealth-apps-and-recommended-practices-to-prevent-or-mitigate-transport-security-issues
#12
Jannis Müthing, Thomas Jäschke, Christoph M Friedrich
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) apps show a growing importance for patients and health care professionals. Apps in this category are diverse. Some display important information (ie, drug interactions), whereas others help patients to keep track of their health. However, insufficient transport security can lead to confidentiality issues for patients and medical professionals, as well as safety issues regarding data integrity. mHealth apps should therefore deploy intensified vigilance to protect their data and integrity...
October 18, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021132/willingness-to-use-mobile-phone-apps-for-hiv-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-london-web-based-survey
#13
William C Goedel, Jason W Mitchell, Paul Krebs, Dustin T Duncan
BACKGROUND: Many men who have sex with men (MSM) use apps to connect with and meet other MSM. Given that these apps are often used to arrange sexual encounters, it is possible that apps may be suitable venues for messages and initiatives related to HIV prevention such as those to increase HIV testing rates among this population. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess willingness to use a new app for reminders of when to be tested for HIV infection among a sample of MSM in London who use apps to arrange sexual encounters...
October 11, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016235/telemedicine-support-groups-for-home-parenteral-nutrition-users
#14
Eve-Lynn Nelson, Donna Macan Yadrich, Noreen Thompson, Shawna Wright, Kathaleen Stone, Natasia Adams, Marilyn Werkowitch, Carol E Smith
Patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN), a life-sustaining intravenous (IV) infusion that provides nourishment and hydration to patients with short gut or inflammatory bowel diseases, are often isolated and not in visual contact with peers or health providers. One completed clinical trial (Clinical Trials.gov NCT0190028) and 1 ongoing clinical trial (Clinical Trials.gov NCT02987569) are evaluating a mobile videoconferencing-delivered support group intervention for patients on HPN and their caregivers...
December 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980271/the-evolution-of-mhealth-solutions-for-heart-failure-management
#15
Evanthia E Tripoliti, Georgia S Karanasiou, Fanis G Kalatzis, Katerina K Naka, Dimitrios I Fotiadis
In the last decade, the uptake of information and communication technologies and the advent of mobile internet resulted in improved connectivity and penetrated different fields of application. In particular, the adoption of the mobile devices is expected to reform the provision and delivery of healthcare, overcoming geographical, temporal, and other organizational limitations. mHealth solutions are able to provide meaningful clinical information allowing effective and efficient management of chronic diseases, such as heart failure...
October 5, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976940/empowerment-of-patients-with-hypertension-through-bpm-iot-and-remote-sensing
#16
Daniel Ruiz-Fernández, Diego Marcos-Jorquera, Virgilio Gilart-Iglesias, Víctor Vives-Boix, Javier Ramírez-Navarro
Hypertension affects one in five adults worldwide. Healthcare processes require interdisciplinary cooperation and coordination between medical teams, clinical processes, and patients. The lack of patients' empowerment and adherence to treatment makes necessary to integrate patients, data collecting devices and clinical processes. For this reason, in this paper we propose a model based on Business Process Management paradigm, together with a group of technologies, techniques and IT principles which increase the benefits of the paradigm...
October 4, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974212/diabetic-foot-ulcer-mobile-detection-system-using-smart-phone-thermal-camera-a-feasibility-study
#17
Luay Fraiwan, Mohanad AlKhodari, Jolu Ninan, Basil Mustafa, Adel Saleh, Mohammed Ghazal
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, the whole world is being concerned with a major health problem, which is diabetes. A very common symptom of diabetes is the diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). The early detection of such foot complications can protect diabetic patients from any dangerous stages that develop later and may require foot amputation. This work aims at building a mobile thermal imaging system that can be used as an indicator for possible developing ulcers. METHODS: The proposed system consists of a thermal camera connected to a Samsung smart phone, which is used to acquire thermal images...
October 3, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971423/iot-applications-with-5g-connectivity-in-medical-tourism-sector-management-third-party-service-scenarios
#18
Maria M Psiha, Panayiotis Vlamos
5G is the next generation of mobile communication technology. Current generation of wireless technologies is being evolved toward 5G for better serving end users and transforming our society. Supported by 5G cloud technology, personal devices will extend their capabilities to various applications, supporting smart life. They will have significant role in health, medical tourism, security, safety, and social life applications. The next wave of mobile communication is to mobilize and automate industries and industry processes via Machine-Type Communication (MTC) and Internet of Things (IoT)...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969626/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-with-a-standardized-aqueous-extract-of-terminalia-chebula-fruit-ayuflex-%C3%A2-on-joint-mobility-comfort-and-functional-capacity-in-healthy-overweight-subjects-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
H L Lopez, S M Habowski, J E Sandrock, B Raub, A Kedia, E J Bruno, T N Ziegenfuss
BACKGROUND: Joint and connective tissue integrity, comfort and function are paramount to optimal performance in exercise, recreational and occupational activities. The fruit of Terminalia chebula has been used extensively in various traditional health systems for different ailments, with additional preclinical and clinical data demonstrating antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a standardized aqueous extract of Terminalia chebula fruit (AyuFlex®) dietary supplementation on joint mobility, comfort, and functional capacity in healthy overweight subjects...
October 2, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965124/a-novel-bioluminescent-nanoluc-yeast-estrogen-screen-biosensor-nanoyes-with-a-compact-wireless-camera-for-effect-based-detection-of-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals
#20
Luca Cevenini, Antonia Lopreside, Maria Maddalena Calabretta, Marcello D'Elia, Patrizia Simoni, Elisa Michelini, Aldo Roda
The presence of chemicals with estrogenic activity in surface, groundwater, and drinking water poses serious concerns for potential threats to human health and aquatic life. At present, no sensitive portable devices are available for the rapid monitoring of such contamination. Here, we propose a cell-based mobile platform that exploits a newly developed bioluminescent yeast-estrogen screen (nanoYES) and a low-cost compact camera as light detector. Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells were genetically engineered with a yeast codon-optimized variant of NanoLuc luciferase (yNLucP) under the regulation of human estrogen receptor α activation...
September 30, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
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