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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894568/gender-differences-in-cumulative-life-course-socioeconomic-position-and-social-mobility-in-relation-to-new-onset-diabetes-in%C3%A2-adults-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#1
Lidyane V Camelo, Luana Giatti, Bruce B Duncan, Dóra Chor, Rosane Härter Griep, Maria Inês Schmidt, Sandhi Maria Barreto
PURPOSE: We investigated gender-specific associations of cumulative socioeconomic position across life course and social mobility with new onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) in over 12,000 civil servants in Brazil. METHODS: We used data from ELSA-Brasil baseline (2008-2010). The accumulation of risk was assessed using an education-based score and an occupation-based score. Educational and occupational social mobility were also evaluated. RESULTS: In minimally adjusted models, NODM increased with increasing exposure to life-course social disadvantages, especially in men...
December 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894307/regional-health-workforce-monitoring-as-governance-innovation-a-german-model-to-coordinate-sectoral-demand-skill-mix-and-mobility
#2
E Kuhlmann, O Lauxen, C Larsen
BACKGROUND: As health workforce policy is gaining momentum, data sources and monitoring systems have significantly improved in the European Union and internationally. Yet data remain poorly connected to policy-making and implementation and often do not adequately support integrated approaches. This brings the importance of governance and the need for innovation into play. CASE: The present case study introduces a regional health workforce monitor in the German Federal State of Rhineland-Palatinate and seeks to explore the capacity of monitoring to innovate health workforce governance...
November 28, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878317/-what-is-currently-available-for-sport-medicine-therapy
#3
U Tegtbur
After 30 years of age physical capacity decreases with increasing age by 5-20% per decade. High physical activity in daily life as well as exercise training of endurance, strength, coordination and mobility can delay the functional and anatomical loss of muscle, bone, cartilage and connective tissue by more than 10 years. In recent years, numerous concepts have scientifically been proven in the exercise therapy of internal diseases; therefore, similar to drug treatment, cellular mechanisms of exercise training adaptation are known in detail...
December 2016: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864484/down-with-teen-pregnancy-up-with-mobility-teen-pregnancy-prevention-efforts-in-gaston-county-north-carolina
#4
Christopher C Dobbins, Brittain N Kenney, Carrie E Meier, Velma V Taormina
Unintended pregnancies are typically associated with poor health outcomes for mothers and babies, and they also limit the social mobility of women and their families. Gaston County has achieved great success in reducing both teen pregnancies and unintended pregnancies among low-income women through the Gaston Youth Connected project and the local health department's push to increase accessibility to long-acting reversible contraception. Reductions in the racial disparities in teen pregnancy rates, higher graduation rates for females, and fewer pregnancies among low-income women all indicate a potential for better reproductive health to increase the social mobility of Gaston County women...
November 2016: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864167/testing-the-feasibility-of-remote-patient-monitoring-in-prenatal-care-using-a-mobile-app-and-connected-devices-a-prospective-observational-trial
#5
Kathryn I Marko, Jill M Krapf, Andrew C Meltzer, Julia Oh, Nihar Ganju, Anjali G Martinez, Sheetal G Sheth, Nancy D Gaba
BACKGROUND: Excessive weight gain and elevated blood pressure are significant risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes such as gestational diabetes, premature birth, and preeclampsia. More effective strategies to facilitate adherence to gestational weight gain goals and monitor blood pressure may have a positive health benefit for pregnant women and their babies. The impact of utilizing a remote patient monitoring system to monitor blood pressure and weight gain as a component of prenatal care has not been previously assessed...
November 18, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849313/hearing-difficulties-and-feelings-of-social-isolation-among-canadians-aged-45-or-older
#6
Pamela L Ramage-Morin
BACKGROUND: Social isolation is associated with reduced health-related quality of life, increased morbidity, and mortality. Social isolation can be a concern for older Canadians, especially those with conditions that interfere with making and maintaining social connections. DATA AND METHODS: The 2008/2009 Canadian Community Health Survey-Healthy Aging (CCHS-HA) collected data from a population-based sample of Canadians aged 45 or older living in private households...
November 16, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837357/characterizing-cardiovascular-health-and-evaluating-a-low-intensity-intervention-to-promote-smoking-cessation-in-a-food-assistance-population
#7
Mackenzie Perkett, Shannon M Robson, Varsha Kripalu, Christina Wysota, Charlotte McGarry, David Weddle, Mia A Papas, Freda Patterson
Food assistance recipients are at higher risk for poor cardiovascular health given their propensity to poor dietary intake and tobacco use. This study sought to evaluate the cardiovascular health status, and determine the impact of a low-intensity smoking cessation education intervention that connected mobile food pantry participants to state quit-smoking resources. A pre-post design with a 6-week follow-up was used to evaluate the impact of a 10-12 min smoking cessation education session implemented in five food pantries in Delaware...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836593/mobile-phone-based-biosensing-an-emerging-diagnostic-and-communication-technology
#8
REVIEW
Daniel Quesada-González, Arben Merkoçi
In this review we discuss recent developments on the use of mobile phones and similar devices for biosensing applications in which diagnostics and communications are coupled. Owing to the capabilities of mobile phones (their cameras, connectivity, portability, etc.) and to advances in biosensing, the coupling of these two technologies is enabling portable and user-friendly analytical devices. Any user can now perform quick, robust and easy (bio)assays anywhere and at any time. Among the most widely reported of such devices are paper-based platforms...
October 27, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830250/all-that-glitters-is-not-gold-consumer-health-informatics-and-education-in-the-era-of-social-media-and-health-apps-findings-from-the-yearbook-2016-section-on-consumer-health-informatics
#9
L Fernandez-Luque, P Staccini
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the state of the art published during the year 2015 in the areas related to consumer health informatics and education with a special emphasis on unintended consequences of applying mobile and social media technologies in that domain. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of articles published in PubMed with a predefined set of queries, which lead to the selection of over 700 potential relevant articles. Section editors screened those papers on the title, abstract, and finally complete paper basis, taking into account the papers' relevance for the section topic...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827529/a-design-thinking-approach-to-primary-ovarian-insufficiency
#10
Lisa A Martin, Alison G Porter, Vincent A Pelligrini, Peter A Schnatz, Xuezhi Jiang, Nicole Kleinstreuer, Janet E Hall, Sarah Verbiest, Jill Olmstead, Ryan Fair, Alberto Falorni, Luca Persani, Aleksandar Rajkovic, Khanjan Mehta, Lawrence M Nelson
Most clinicians are not prepared to provide integrated personal care to address all the clinical needs of women with primary ovarian insufficiency. Design thinking is an engineering methodology used to develop and evaluate novel concepts for systems operation. Here we articulate the need for a seamlessly integrated mobile health system to support genomic research as well as patient care. We also review the pathophysiology and management of primary ovarian insufficiency. Molecular understanding regarding the pathogenesis is essential to developing strategies for prevention, earlier diagnosis, and appropriate management of the disorder...
November 9, 2016: Panminerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821096/cross-sectional-survey-evaluating-text4mood-mobile-health-program-to-reduce-psychological-treatment-gap-in-mental-healthcare-in-alberta-through-daily-supportive-text-messages
#11
Vincent I O Agyapong, Kelly Mrklas, Michal Juhás, Joy Omeje, Arto Ohinmaa, Serdar M Dursun, Andrew J Greenshaw
BACKGROUND: To complement the oversubscribed counselling services in Alberta, the Text4Mood program which delivers daily supportive text messages to subscribers was launched on the 18th of January, 2016. This report presents an evaluation of self-reports of the impact of the program on the mental wellbeing of subscribers. METHODS: An online link to a survey questionnaire was created by an expert group and delivered via text messages to mobile phones of all 4111 active subscribers of the Text4Mood program as of April 11, 2016...
November 8, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820878/integrated-versus-non-integrated-orbital-implants-for-treating-anophthalmic-sockets
#12
REVIEW
Silvana Schellini, Regina El Dib, Leandro Re Silva, Joyce G Farat, Yuqing Zhang, Eliane C Jorge
BACKGROUND: Anophthalmia is the absence of one or both eyes, and it can be congenital (i.e. a birth defect) or acquired later in life. There are two main types of orbital implant: integrated, whereby the implant receives a blood supply from the body that allows for the integration of the prosthesis within the tissue; and non-integrated, where the implant remains separate. Despite the remarkable progress in anophthalmic socket reconstruction and in the development of various types of implants, there are still uncertainties about the real roles of integrated (hydroxyapatite (HA), porous polyethylene (PP), composites) and non-integrated (polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)/acrylic and silicone) orbital implants in anophthalmic socket treatment...
November 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808084/-use-of-the-smartphone-to-promote-healthy-habits-among-teen-agers-spain
#13
Carme Carrion, Liliana Arroyo Moliner, Conxa Castell, Elisa Puigdomènech, Santiago Felipe Gómez, Laia Domingo, Mireia Espallargues
OBJECTIVE: The PEGASO Project aims to design a technological system aimed at European adolescents to promote healthy lifestyles. The objective was to explore teenagers and their parents and teachers perceptions with regards to mobile technology use in promoting a healthier lifestyle, in terms of food and physical activity. METHODS: Qualitative study based on primary data obtained through four focus groups analysis (three teenager groups between 13 and 15 y and 1 parent/teacher group)...
November 3, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807256/truck-drivers-use-of-the-internet-a-mobile-health-lifeline
#14
Karen Heaton, Bryan Combs, Russell Griffin
Because of their social isolation, irregular and unpredictable schedules, limited access to health care, and long periods of travel, long-haul truckers may benefit from the use of mobile health applications on Internet-capable devices. The purpose of this study was to determine Internet access and usage among a sample of long-haul truck drivers. In this cross-sectional study, truck drivers completed a pencil and paper survey with questions on demographics, work and health histories, and Internet access and usage for both personal and job reasons...
November 2, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805622/mapping-of-radio-frequency-electromagnetic-field-exposure-levels-in-outdoor-environment-and-comparing-with-reference-levels-for-general-public-health
#15
Mustafa Cansiz, Teymuraz Abbasov, M Bahattin Kurt, A Recai Celik
In this study, radio frequency electromagnetic field exposure levels were measured on the main streets in the city center of Diyarbakır, Turkey. Measured electric field levels were plotted on satellite imagery of Diyarbakır and were compared with exposure guidelines published by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). Exposure measurements were performed in dense urban, urban and suburban areas each day for 7 consecutive days. The measurement system consisted of high precision and portable spectrum analyzer, three-axis electric field antenna, connection cable and a laptop which was used to record the measurement samples as a data logger...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799454/impact-of-simple-conventional-and-telehealth-solutions-on-improving-mental-health-in-afghanistan
#16
Shariq Khoja, Richard Scott, Nida Husyin, Hammad Durrani, Maria Arif, Faqir Faqiri, Ebadullah Hedayat, Wahab Yousufzai
For more than a century Afghanistan has been unstable, facing decades of war, social problems, and intense poverty. As a result, many of the population suffer from a variety of mental health problems. The Government recognises the situation and has prioritised mental health, but progress is slow and services outside of Kabul remain poor. An international collaborative implemented a project in Badakshan province of Afghanistan using conventional and simple low-cost e-Health solutions to address the four most common issues: depression, psychosis, post-traumatic stress disorder, and substance abuse...
December 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784651/engaging-gatekeeper-stakeholders-in-development-of-a-mobile-health-intervention-to-improve-medication-adherence-among-african-american-and-pacific-islander-elderly-patients-with-hypertension
#17
Hamed Yazdanshenas, Mohsen Bazargan, Loretta Jones, May Vawer, Todd B Seto, Summer Farooq, Deborah A Taira
BACKGROUND: Approximately 70 million people in the United States have hypertension. Although antihypertensive therapy can reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with hypertension, often patients do not take their medication as prescribed. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to better understand issues affecting the acceptability and usability of mobile health technology (mHealth) to improve medication adherence for elderly African American and Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander patients with hypertension...
October 26, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784506/designing-evaluation-plans-for-health-promotion-mhealth-interventions-a-case-study-of-the-milk-man-mobile-app
#18
Becky K White, Sharyn K Burns, Roslyn C Giglia, Jane A Scott
Evaluating complex health promotion interventions that use mobile apps requires comprehensive and adaptive evaluation plans. As mobile usage becomes increasingly sophisticated and personalised, broad evaluation plans are important in determining the impact and efficacy of a mobile health (mHealth) app. Evaluation should consider user feedback and outcome measures, as well as examine elements such as the robustness of the technology, the intervention principles and engagement strategies, and the interaction of the user with the technology...
October 26, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782291/person-generated-data-in-self-quantification-a-health-informatics-research-program
#19
Kathleen Gray, Fernando J Martin-Sanchez, Guillermo H Lopez-Campos, Manal Almalki, Mark Merolli
OBJECTIVES: The availability of internet-connected mobile, wearable and ambient consumer technologies, direct-to-consumer e-services and peer-to-peer social media sites far outstrips evidence about the efficiency, effectiveness and efficacy of using them in healthcare applications. The aim of this paper is to describe one approach to build a program of health informatics research, so as to generate rich and robust evidence about health data and information processing in self-quantification and associated healthcare and health outcomes...
October 26, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756338/accessibility-of-general-practitioners-and-selected-specialist-physicians-by-car-and-by-public-transport-in-a-rural-region-of-germany
#20
Ulrike Stentzel, Jens Piegsa, Daniel Fredrich, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Neeltje van den Berg
BACKGROUND: The accessibility of medical care facilities in sparsely populated rural regions is relevant especially for elderly people which often represent a large segment of the population in such regions. Elderly people have higher morbidity risks and a higher demand for medical care. Although travelling with private cars is the dominating traffic mode in rural regions, accessibility by public transport is increasingly important especially because of limited mobility of elderly people...
October 19, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
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