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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340462/assessment-of-arsenic-and-fluorine-in-surface-soil-to-determine-environmental-and-health-risk-factors-in-the-comarca-lagunera-mexico
#1
Yareli A Sariñana-Ruiz, Jorge Vazquez-Arenas, Fabiola S Sosa-Rodríguez, Israel Labastida, Ma Aurora Armienta, Antonio Aragón-Piña, Miguel A Escobedo-Bretado, Laura S González-Valdez, Patricia Ponce-Peña, Hugo Ramírez-Aldaba, René H Lara
Total, bioaccessible and mobile concentrations of arsenic and fluorine are determined in polluted surface soil within the Comarca Lagunera region using standardized protocols to obtain a full description of the environmental behavior for these elements. The composition of mineral phases associated with them is evaluated with microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. Mineralogical characterizations indicate that ultra-fine particles (<1-5 μm) including mimetite-vanadite (Pb5(AsO4)3Cl, Pb5(AsO4, VO4)3Cl)-like, lead arseniate (Pb3(AsO4)2)-like and complex arsenic-bearing compounds are main arsenic-bearing phases, while fluorite (CaF2) is the only fluorine-bearing phase...
March 10, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339324/mobile-but-connected-harnessing-the-power-of-self-efficacy-and-group-support-for-weight-loss-success-through-mhealth-intervention
#2
Heewon Kim, Meara Faw, Andreas Michaelides
Despite the growing popularity of mHealth applications, their usage outcomes have received limited empirical attention. Drawing on server-level user activity data and an online survey (N = 384), this study examines the use of an mHealth application for weight loss to elucidate the ways in which it can help individuals harness the power of self-efficacy and group support to enact behavior change and accomplish their health goals. The results of structural equation modeling based on 6-month user activity data demonstrated that (a) self-efficacy had a positive impact on persistent food logging in an mHealth application; (b) social support received from a mobile group was positively associated with food logging and group participation; and (c) both food logging and group participation predicted weight loss success...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335384/localization-and-tracking-of-implantable-biomedical-sensors
#3
REVIEW
Ilknur Umay, Barış Fidan, Billur Barshan
Implantable sensor systems are effective tools for biomedical diagnosis, visualization and treatment of various health conditions, attracting the interest of researchers, as well as healthcare practitioners. These systems efficiently and conveniently provide essential data of the body part being diagnosed, such as gastrointestinal (temperature, pH, pressure) parameter values, blood glucose and pressure levels and electrocardiogram data. Such data are first transmitted from the implantable sensor units to an external receiver node or network and then to a central monitoring and control (computer) unit for analysis, diagnosis and/or treatment...
March 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335382/feasibility%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-assessing%C3%A2-diet%C3%A2-with%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-mobile%C3%A2-food%C3%A2-record%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-adolescents%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-young%C3%A2-adults%C3%A2-with%C3%A2-down%C3%A2-syndrome
#4
Katherine E Bathgate, Jill L Sherriff, Helen Leonard, Satvinder S Dhaliwal, Edward J Delp, Carol J Boushey, Deborah A Kerr
Technology-based methods for assessing diet in those with disability remains largely unexplored. The aim was to assess the feasibility of assessing diet with an image-based mobile food record application (mFR) in 51 adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome (PANDs). Adherence was also assessed with the instruction to include a fiducial marker object in the before and after eating images. The PANDs sample completed a four-day mFR and results were compared with a sample of young adults from the Connecting Health and Technology study (CHAT, n = 244)...
March 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328390/the-efficacy-of-telemedicine-supported-discharge-within-an-in-home-model-of-care
#5
Edwin P Greenup, Melissa McCusker, Boyd A Potts, Andrew Bryett
OBJECTIVE: To determine if mobile videoconferencing technology can facilitate the discharge of low-acuity patients receiving in-home care without compromising short-term health outcomes. METHODS: A 6-month trial commenced in July 2015 with 345 patients considered unsuited to Criteria Led Discharge (CLD) receiving in-home care included as participants. Nurses providing clinical support to patients in their homes were supplied with a tablet computer (Apple iPad) with Internet connectivity (Telstra 4G Network) and videoconferencing software (Cisco Jabber for Telepresence)...
February 22, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293619/the-fitness-of-apps-a-theory-based-examination-of-mobile-fitness-app-usage-over-5-months
#6
Lynn Katherine Herrmann, Jinsook Kim
BACKGROUND: There are thousands of fitness-related smartphone applications ("apps") available for free and purchase, but there is uncertainty if these apps help individuals achieve and maintain personal fitness. Technology usage attrition is also a concern among research studies on health technologies. METHODS: Usage of three fitness apps was examined over 5 months to assess adherence and effectiveness. Initially, 64 participants downloaded three free apps available on Android and iOS and 47 remained in the study until posttest...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272705/the-most-common-factors-hindering-the-independent-functioning-of-the-elderly-at-home-by-age-and-sex
#7
D Talarska, S Kropińska, M Strugała, M Szewczyczak, S Tobis, K Wieczorowska-Tobis
OBJECTIVE: Changes occurring with increased age as well progressive illnesses can negatively affect the independent functioning of older people. The goal of this study was to identify the most common problems that make independent life at home more difficult for the elderly and to try and present their relation with age and gender. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 506 persons over 60 years of age took part in the study. They were residents of Poznań, Poland and surrounding areas...
February 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268934/map-reduce-for-optimizing-a-large-scale-dynamic-network-the-internet-of-hearts
#8
Chen Kan, Fabio M Leonelli, Hui Yang
Rapid advancements of sensing and mobile technology provide an unprecedented opportunity to empower smart and connected healthcare. Realizing the full potential of connected care depends, however, to a great extent on the capability of data analytics. Our previous study proposed a next-generation mobile health system, namely, the Internet of Heart (IoH). The IoH embeds patients into a dynamic network, where the distance between network nodes is determined by the dissimilarity of patients' conditions. Dynamics of the network reveal the change of clinical status of patients...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267146/new-dimensions-and-new-tools-to-realize-the-potential-of-rdoc-digital-phenotyping-via-smartphones-and-connected-devices
#9
J Torous, J-P Onnela, M Keshavan
Mobile and connected devices like smartphones and wearable sensors can facilitate the collection of novel naturalistic and longitudinal data relevant to psychiatry at both the personal and population level. The National Institute of Mental Health's Research Domain Criteria framework offers a useful roadmap to organize, guide and lead new digital phenotyping data towards research discoveries and clinical advances.
March 7, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252130/an-embedded-barcode-for-connected-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-tests
#10
Thomas F Scherr, Sparsh Gupta, David W Wright, Frederick R Haselton
Many countries are shifting their efforts from malaria control to disease elimination. New technologies will be necessary to meet the more stringent demands of elimination campaigns, including improved quality control of malaria diagnostic tests, as well as an improved means for communicating test results among field healthcare workers, test manufacturers, and national ministries of health. In this report, we describe and evaluate an embedded barcode within standard rapid diagnostic tests as one potential solution...
March 2, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244256/supporting-the-library-and-information-needs-of-uwe-health-and-social-care-students-on-placement
#11
Caroline Plaice, Jon Lloyd, Pauline Shaw
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to explore the library and information needs of health and social care students whilst on placement. METHODS: Both desk and primary research were conducted and included an online questionnaire to students and semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: The questionnaire was completed by 252 students from a variety of programmes, equivalent to a 10% response rate. The results indicate a wide range of factors impacting on the library and information experiences of students...
March 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241756/medical-students-experiences-of-their-own-professional-development-during-three-clinical-terms-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#12
Susanne Kalén, Hanna Lachmann, Maria Varttinen, Riitta Möller, Tomas S Bexelius, Sari Ponzer
BACKGROUND: A modern competency-based medical education is well implemented globally, but less is known about how the included learning activities contribute to medical students' professional development. The aim of this study was to explore Swedish medical students' perceptions of the offered learning activities and their experiences of how these activities were connected to their professional development as defined by the CanMEDS framework. METHODS: A prospective mixed method questionnaire study during three terms (internal medicine, scientific project, and surgery) in which data were collected by using contextual activity sampling system, i...
February 27, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227140/map-reduce-for-optimizing-a-large-scale-dynamic-network-the-internet-of-hearts
#13
Chen Kan, Fabio M Leonelli, Hui Yang, Chen Kan, Fabio M Leonelli, Hui Yang, Hui Yang, Chen Kan, Fabio M Leonelli
Rapid advancements of sensing and mobile technology provide an unprecedented opportunity to empower smart and connected healthcare. Realizing the full potential of connected care depends, however, to a great extent on the capability of data analytics. Our previous study proposed a next-generation mobile health system, namely, the Internet of Heart (IoH). The IoH embeds patients into a dynamic network, where the distance between network nodes is determined by the dissimilarity of patients' conditions. Dynamics of the network reveal the change of clinical status of patients...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222682/a-statistical-method-utilizing-information-of-imported-cases-to-estimate-the-transmissibility-for-an-influenza-pandemic
#14
Ka Chun Chong, Benny Chung Ying Zee, Maggie Haitian Wang
BACKGROUND: In a new influenza pandemic, travel data such as arrival times of cases seeded by the originating country can be regarded as a combination of the epidemic size and the mobility networks of infections connecting the originating country with other regions. It can be a complete and timely source for estimating the basic reproduction number (R 0 ), a key indicator of disease transmissibility. METHOD: In this study, we developed a likelihood-based method using arrival times of infected cases in different countries to estimate R 0 for influenza pandemics...
February 21, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209143/collaborative-leadership-and-the-implementation-of-community-based-fall-prevention-initiatives-a-multiple-case-study-of-public-health-practice-within-community-groups
#15
Maureen Markle-Reid, Cathy Dykeman, Jenny Ploeg, Caralyn Kelly Stradiotto, Angela Andrews, Susan Bonomo, Sarah Orr-Shaw, Niyati Salker
BACKGROUND: Falls among community-dwelling older adults are a serious public health concern. While evidence-based fall prevention strategies are available, their effective implementation requires broad cross-sector coordination that is beyond the capacity of any single institution or organization. Community groups comprised of diverse stakeholders that include public health, care providers from the public and private sectors and citizen volunteers are working to deliver locally-based fall prevention...
February 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193075/uric-acid-monitoring-with-a-smartphone-as-the-electrochemical-analyzer
#16
Jinhong Guo
We report the world's first medical smartphone as an electrochemical analyzer, which is incorporated with an enzymatic test strip for rapid characterization of UA (uric acid) in peripheral whole blood. A disposable electrochemical uric acid test strip was connected to the electrochemical module integrated with the smartphone through a specific interface, a slot around the edge of smartphone. A 3 μL human finger whole blood drop is applied on the strip for UA evaluation and compared to the clinical biochemical analyzer with satisfactory agreement...
December 20, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179216/navigating-ethics-in-the-digital-age-introducing-connected-and-open-research-ethics-core-a-tool-for-researchers-and-institutional-review-boards
#17
John Torous, Camille Nebeker
Research studies that leverage emerging technologies, such as passive sensing devices and mobile apps, have demonstrated encouraging potential with respect to favorably influencing the human condition. As a result, the nascent fields of mHealth and digital medicine have gained traction over the past decade as demonstrated in the United States by increased federal funding for research that cuts across a broad spectrum of health conditions. The existence of mHealth and digital medicine also introduced new ethical and regulatory challenges that both institutional review boards (IRBs) and researchers are struggling to navigate...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156475/usability-and-acceptance-of-novel-personal-health-technology-to-support-early-palliative-care-for-patients-with-cancer-and-caregivers
#18
Sarah C Reed, Katherine Kim, Victoria Ngo, Wendy Wait, Ester Apesoa-Varano, Joy Morgan, Robin L Whitney, Emma Blackmon, Jill Joseph
73 Background: Little research has assessed whether and how technology can support early palliative care. Our team developed a HIPAA-compliant, cloud-based Personal Health Network (PHN) with a secure, online network of family, caregivers, clinicians and service providers designated by the patient; symptom reporting/management resources; and support for communication among network members via audio/video conferencing, messaging, and document sharing. This study examines PHN usability and acceptance, and identifies additional functions for early palliative care...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152361/a-home-based-exercise-program-driven-by-tablet-application-and-mobility-monitoring-for-frail-older-adults-feasibility-and-practical-implications
#19
Hilde A E Geraedts, Wiebren Zijlstra, Wei Zhang, Sophie L W Spoorenberg, Marcos Báez, Iman Khaghani Far, Heribert Baldus, Martin Stevens
INTRODUCTION: Stimulation of a physically active lifestyle among older adults is essential to health and well-being. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and user opinion of a home-based exercise program supported by a sensor and tablet application for frail older adults. METHODS: Community-dwelling older adults (aged ≥70 y) living in The Netherlands were recruited in 2014. Participants exercised 3 months with and 3 months without supervision from a remote coach...
February 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151816/mobile-technology-in-the-perioperative-arena-rapid-evolution-and-future-disruption
#20
Brian S Rothman, Rajnish K Gupta, Matthew D McEvoy
Throughout the history of medicine, physicians have relied upon disruptive innovations and technologies to improve the quality of care delivered, patient outcomes, and patient satisfaction. The implementation of mobile technology in health care is quickly becoming the next disruptive technology. We first review the history of mobile technology over the past 3 decades, discuss the impact of hardware and software, explore the rapid expansion of applications (apps), and evaluate the adoption of mobile technology in health care...
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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