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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345805/is-the-widely-used-two-factor-structure-of-the-ruminative-responses-scale-invariant-across-different-samples-of-women
#1
Paola Lucena-Santos, José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: Although the Ruminative Responses Scale is one of the most widely used measures of rumination, its two-factor structure remains controversial. Taking this into account, we aimed to test the RRS-10 two-factor invariance (Brazilian version) between different samples of women and to study its internal consistency and convergent validity. METHODS: A sample of 321 women (general population, n = 106; college students, n = 115; and medical population of patients with overweight and obesity, n = 100) participated in the study...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344526/the-effects-of-team-based-learning-on-learning-outcomes-in-a-course-of-rheumatology
#2
Seyedeh Tahereh Faezi, Kamran Moradi, Ali Ghafar Rahimi Amin, Massoomeh Akhlaghi, Fatemeh Keshmiri
Introduction: We evaluated the effects of implementing Team-Based Learning (TBL) on student engagement, accountability, satisfaction, and preference for lecture or team-based learning. Moreover, we assessed the effect of TBL on knowledge retention and application over time through short answer questions based on clinical scenarios addressing history taking and diagnosis skills in medical students. Methods: The study was conducted in a quasi-experimental design. The study population were all of the third-year medical students (n = 84) participating in a course of rheumatology in Shariati Hospital, which is a teaching hospital affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344391/pilot-study-assessing-the-effect-of-continual-position-monitoring-technology-on-compliance-with-patient-turning-protocols
#3
Suann Cirigliano Schutt, Christine Tarver, Michelle Pezzani
Aim: The study aim was to evaluate if continual patient position monitoring, taking into account self-turns and clinician-assisted turns, would increase the percentage of time a patient's position changed at least every 2 hr. Background: While patient turning has clinical benefits, current models to help staff remember to turn patients, such as "turn clocks" and timers, have not resulted in high compliance with turning protocols. In addition, reminders are based on arbitrary 2-hr windows (such as turning on "even" hours) rather than on individual patient activity, including self-turns...
January 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336206/working-in-global-health-a-planning-and-implementation-framework-for-international-electives
#4
Sarah T Thomas, Elizabeth T Thomas, Michelle McLean
PURPOSE: Propose a framework for planning and undertaking an international elective. METHODS: On returning from conducting maternal health and well-being research in several remote communities in India, two undergraduate medical students have reflected on and documented their experiences with the view to assisting other students (and their supervisors) considering undertaking an international elective. RESULTS: A framework for undertaking clinical or research electives in remote or rural communities is presented...
January 16, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325943/neurosurgical-care-availability-and-access-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
Maria Punchak, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Sonal Sachdev, Ya-Ching Hung, Sophie Peeters, Abbas Rattani, Michael Dewan, Walter D Johnson, Kee B Park
BACKGROUND: An estimated 5 billion people worldwide lack access to basic surgical care. In particular, the vast majority of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) currently struggle to provide adequate neurosurgical services. Significant barriers exist, including limited access to trained medical, nursing and allied health staff, lack of equipment, and availability of services at reasonable distance and at reasonable cost to patients. An accurate assessment of current neurosurgical capacity in LIMCs is an essential first step in tackling this deficit...
January 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306727/prevalence-associated-factors-and-impact-of-loneliness-and-interpersonal-problems-on-internet-addiction-a-study-in-chiang-mai-medical-students
#6
Sutapat Simcharoen, Manee Pinyopornpanish, Pattaraporn Haoprom, Pimolpun Kuntawong, Nahathai Wongpakaran, Tinakon Wongpakaran
INTRODUCTION: Internet addiction is common among medical students, and the prevalence is higher than the general population. Identifying and creating solutions for this problem is important. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and associated factors, particularly loneliness and interpersonal problems among Chiang Mai medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 324 first to sixth year medical students, 56.8% comprised females with a mean age of 20...
December 28, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304787/factors-associated-with-prolonged-length-of-stay-for-elective-hepatobiliary-and-neurosurgery-patients-a-retrospective-medical-record-review
#7
Siu Yin Lee, Soo-Hoon Lee, Jenny H H Tan, Howard S L Foo, Phillip H Phan, Alfred W C Kow, Sein Lwin, Penelope M Y Seah, Siti Zubaidah Mordiffi
BACKGROUND: Patients with prolonged length of hospital stay (LOS) not only increase their risks of nosocomial infections but also deny other patients access to inpatient care. Hepatobiliary (HPB) malignancies have some of highest incidences in East and Southeast Asia and the management of patients undergoing HPB surgeries have yet to be standardized. With improved neurosurgery techniques for intracranial aneurysms and tumors, neurosurgeries (NS) can be expected to increase. Elective surgeries account for far more operations than emergencies surgeries...
January 5, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285873/risk-attitudes-in-medical-decisions-for-others-an-experimental-approach
#8
Alejandro Arrieta, Ariadna García-Prado, Paula González, José Luis Pinto-Prades
The aim of this paper is to investigate how risk attitudes in medical decisions for others vary across health contexts. A lab experiment was designed to elicit the risk attitudes of 257 medical and nonmedical students by assigning them the role of a physician who must decide between treatments for patients. An interval regression model was used to estimate individual coefficients of relative risk aversion, and an estimation model was used to test for the effect of type of medical decision and experimental design characteristics on elicited risk aversion...
December 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261539/the-aspire-to-excellence-program-a-global-effort-to-improve-the-quality-of-medical-education
#9
Dan Hunt, Debra Klamen, Ronald M Harden, Farzand Ali
Publications and organizations ranking medical schools rely heavily on schools' research-oriented and grant-success data because those are the publicly available data. To address the vacuum of evidence for medical education quality, in 2012 the Association of Education in Europe (AMEE) introduced an initiative entitled A Schools Programme for International Recognition of Excellence in Education (ASPIRE) awards. ASPIRE panels of international experts in specific areas of medical education have developed internationally peer-based criteria to benchmark excellence in social accountability, student engagement, student assessment, faculty development, and simulation; they plan to publish criteria on curriculum design and development in 2018...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241472/-health-advocacy-in-medical-student-education
#10
R A M J Damoiseaux, M B M Soethout
The introduction of the CanMEDS method to qualify training and ongoing education for healthcare providers in terms of competencies has provided a clear framework for medical schools' curricula. Different roles are outlined, and one of these is health advocacy. Physicians are accountable to society to use their knowledge and expertise to improve health. Even before the introduction of CanMEDS, physicians took responsibility for improving health by tackling issues in society that negatively affected the health of many; one obvious example is the provision of clean water and sewage systems to prevent epidemics of infectious diseases such as cholera...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240463/assessing-the-validity-of-a-multidisciplinary-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise
#11
Susan Humphrey-Murto, Mylène Côté, Debra Pugh, Timothy J Wood
Construct: The purpose of this study was to provide validity evidence for the mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX) as an assessment tool for clinical skills in the workplace. BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated validity evidence for the mini-CEX, but most studies were carried out in internal medicine or single disciplines, therefore limiting generalizability of the findings. If the mini-CEX is to be used in multidisciplinary contexts, then validity evidence should be gathered in similar settings...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240455/development-and-evaluation-of-a-student-initiated-test-preparation-program-for-the-usmle-step-1-examination
#12
Lindsay F Schwartz, Matthew Lineberry, Yoon Soo Park, Carol S Kamin, Abbas A Hyderi
PROBLEM: Studies have documented performance on the United States Medical Licensing Examination® (USMLE) Step 1 exam as an important factor that residency program directors consider when deciding which applicants to interview and rank. Therefore, success on this exam, though only one aspect of applicant evaluation, is important in determining future career prospects for medical students. Unfortunately, mean test scores at the University of Illinois College of Medicine at Chicago (UIC) have historically been below the national average...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236564/views-from-the-field-medical-student-experiences-and-perceptions-of-interprofessional-learning-and-collaboration-in-rural-settings
#13
David S Thompson, Jacques Abourbih, Lorraine Carter, Gayle Adams-Carpino, Sue Berry, Lisa E Graves, Nichole J Ranger
Exploring the perceived environment where students are educated, as well as where they practice, is particularly important for educators and practitioners working in situations of interprofessional rural and remote health. In this study, we explored the perceptions of undergraduate medical students regarding interprofessionalism across their four-year undergraduate program which focuses on rural health. A thematic content analysis of the text-data was conducted on a convenience sample of 47 student responses to essay questions across four cohorts of a four-year undergraduate medical program...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233441/professional-and-pre-professional-pharmacy-students-perceptions-of-team-based-learning-tbl-at-a-private-research-intensive-university
#14
Danielle M Miller, Karen Khalil, Olivia Iskaros, Jenny A Van Amburgh
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pharmacy students need to develop critical thinking and problem-solving skills as well as be a valuable team member. The use of team based learning (TBL) fosters effective team collaboration, enables continuous active and self-directed learning, and requires both individual and team accountability. The purpose was to evaluate pharmacy students' perceptions and experiences related to TBL in different years of the pharmacy curriculum. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Two classes, Introduction to the Profession of Pharmacy (intro), a required course, and Self-Care/Non-Prescription Medications (self-care), an elective course, utilize the TBL approach...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230515/-competence-based-assessment-in-the-national-licensing-examination-in-germany
#15
REVIEW
Jana Jünger
In Germany, future physicians have to pass a national licensing examination at the end of their medical studies. Passing this examination is the requirement for the license to practice medicine. The Masterplan Medizinstudium 2020 with its 41 measures aims to shift the paradigm in medical education and medical licensing examinations.The main goals of the Masterplan include the development towards competency-based and practical medical education and examination as well as the strengthening of general medicine...
December 11, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221536/exploration-of-global-health-careers-across-the-medical-fields
#16
Ernest Barthélemy, Vanessa Mallol, Alisse Hannaford, Christian Pean, Rehema Kutua, Christopher de Haydu, Natasha Anandaraja, Ramin Asgary, Ebrahim Elahi, Braden Hexom, Philip Landrigan, Taraneh Shirazian, Craig Katz
BACKGROUND: Despite expansion of interest among American medical students in global health (GH), academic medical centers face multiple obstacles to the development of structured GH curricula and career guidance. To meet these demands we sought to provide a systematic analysis of the accounts of GH experts. METHODS: We developed a collaborative, interview-based, qualitative analysis of GH experiences across six career-related themes that are relevant to medical students interested in GH: justification, medical education, economics, research prospects, law and ethics, and work-life balance...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214123/pay-for-performance-motivation-to-succeed-in-advanced-trauma-life-support-courses-a-question-of-background-or-funding
#17
Roman Klein, Wolfgang Armbruster, Martin Grotz, Bernd Höner, Matthias Münzberg, Paul Alfred Grützner, Christoph Georg Wölfl
Objective: To correlate students' performance with their professional background and motivation to take part in Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) courses. We base our analysis on the self-determination theory that differentiates intrinsic (ambition to perform by individual itself) from extrinsic motivation (incentive by external stimuli). Design: We present a non-blinded, monocentric, non-randomized descriptive study of 376 students taking part in an ATLS course at one course site in Germany. Part of a two-day ATLS course are two written tests; we correlate test scores with background information provided by the students in a questionnaire of 13 items (age, sex, adress, board certification, specialty, subspecialty, position, hospital level of care, hospital operator and hospital participation in trauma network, motivation, funding source, condition of funding)...
2017: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212589/time-to-establish-comprehensive-long-term-monitoring-of-australian-medical-graduates
#18
Christine Jorm, Jane Bleasel, Inam Haq
We believe that the well being of our medical students (and medical staff throughout the continuum of practice) matters too much not to ask, 'How do they feel?' Society, and students themselves, have invested too much in their education not to query 'How well are they performing in the workplace?'. Our accountability to the community demands we ask, 'How are their patients going?' This article presents a schema for building long-term monitoring in Australia, using linked and reliable data, that will enable these questions to be answered...
December 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181791/recruiting-rural-healthcare-providers-today-a-systematic-review-of-training-program-success-and-determinants-of-geographic-choices
#19
Ian T MacQueen, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, Gina Capra, Laura Raaen, Jesus G Ulloa, Paul G Shekelle, Isomi Miake-Lye, Jessica M Beroes, Susanne Hempel
BACKGROUND: Rural areas have historically struggled with shortages of healthcare providers; however, advanced communication technologies have transformed rural healthcare, and practice in underserved areas has been recognized as a policy priority. This systematic review aims to assess reasons for current providers' geographic choices and the success of training programs aimed at increasing rural provider recruitment. METHODS: This systematic review (PROSPERO: CRD42015025403) searched seven databases for published and gray literature on the current cohort of US rural healthcare practitioners (2005 to March 2017)...
November 27, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180153/adaptation-and-psychometric-validation-of-a-scale-to-assess-student-pharmacists-beliefs-in-simplifying-complicated-medication-regimens
#20
Sonal Ghura Mansukhani, Betty Chewning
OBJECTIVES: To validate a scale in order to identify the most relevant survey constructs to measure student pharmacists' beliefs of providing a novel cognitive service of simplifying complicated medication regimens of community dwelling patients using a pill card. METHODS: A pre-existing scale was used to construct an adapted questionnaire in the context of simplifying complicated drug regimens in patients taking >five Rx meds daily. The adapted 14-item questionnaire was administered to 126 student pharmacists immediately after they performed a mandatory community pharmacy advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) exercise to simplify complicated drug regimens of patients...
January 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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