keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical student accountability

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209159/do-coursework-summative-assessments-predict-clinical-performance-a-systematic-review
#1
Rebecca Terry, Wayne Hing, Robin Orr, Nikki Milne
BACKGROUND: Two goals of summative assessment in health profession education programs are to ensure the robustness of high stakes decisions such as progression and licensing, and predict future performance. This systematic and critical review aims to investigate the ability of specific modes of summative assessment to predict the clinical performance of health profession education students. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, ERIC and EMBASE databases were searched using key terms with articles collected subjected to dedicated inclusion criteria...
February 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193371/-a-brief-homophobia-scale-in-medical-students-from-two-universities-results-of-a-refinement-process
#2
Adalberto Campo-Arias, Edwin Herazo, Heidi Celina Oviedo
BACKGROUND: The process of evaluating measurement scales is an ongoing procedure that requires revisions and adaptations according to the characteristics of the participants. The Homophobia Scale of seven items (EHF-7) has showed acceptable performance in medical students attending to two universities in Colombia. However, performance of some items was poor and could be removed, with an improvement in the psychometric findings of items retained. OBJECTIVE: To review the psychometric functioning and refine the content of EHF-7 among medical students from two Colombian universities...
January 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187194/associations-between-empathy-and-big-five-personality-traits-among-chinese-undergraduate-medical-students
#3
Yang Song, Meng Shi
BACKGROUND: Empathy promotes positive physician-patient communication and is associated with improved patient satisfaction, treatment adherence and clinical outcomes. It has been suggested that personality traits should be taken into consideration in programs designed to enhance empathy in medical education due to the association found between personality and empathy among medical students. However, the associations between empathy and big five personality traits in medical education are still underrepresented in the existing literature and relevant studies have not been conducted among medical students in China, where tensions in the physician-patient relationship have been reported as outstanding problems in the context of China's current medical reform...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166912/tuberculosis-knowledge-and-attitude-in-aspiring-doctors-and-nurses-is-it-time-for-our-tb-teaching-methods-to-evolve
#4
Preetam Rajgopal Acharya, Monalisa D'Souza, Ramesh Chandra Sahoo
BACKGROUND: India accounts for nearly 24% of all the new tuberculosis (TB) cases globally. A good core knowledge and a positive outlook towards TB patients among our aspiring doctors and nurses are necessities for India to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) proposed by the WHO as a part of its post-2015 global TB strategy and to successfully combat the newer challenges posed by this disease in the future. AIMS: To evaluate knowledge related to transmission, prevention and treatment of tuberculosis amongst medical and nursing students...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165673/a-preliminary-survey-of-professionalism-teaching-practices-in-anatomy-education-among-indian-medical-colleges
#5
Ilavenil Karunakaran, Ponniah Thirumalaikolundusubramanian, Sheela Das Nalinakumari
Professionalism and ethics have gained widespread recognition as competencies to be fulfilled, taught, and assessed within medical education. The role of the anatomy course in developed nations has evolved over time and now encompasses multiple domains, including knowledge, skills, and the inculcation of professionalism and ethics. The Medical Council of India recently recommended the integration of professionalism teaching in undergraduate medical curricula. The authors investigated whether the initial orientation lectures and instructions given by faculty at the outset of undergraduate medical anatomy courses throughout India served a "hidden curriculum" regarding professionalism practices, and whether these orientation messages could serve as an early exposure to medical professionalism and ethics for medical students...
February 6, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127127/factors-associated-with-performance-in-an-internal-medicine-clerkship
#6
Colleen Colbert, Tresa McNeal, Maybelline Lezama, Martha Chandler, Lisa Forrester, Austin Metting, Curtis Mirkes, Holly Van Cleave, Sonny Win, John D Myers
The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine the relationship between demographic and educational variables and student performance on an internal medicine (IM) clerkship in order to target areas for educational intervention and potential early remediation. This study examined data associated with third-year medical student performance (N = 505) during the IM clerkship at Baylor Scott & White, Temple/Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine from 2005 to 2011. Multiple regression analysis (N = 341) showed that a model containing the following variables was significantly associated with scores on the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) subject exam, accounting for 46...
January 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121656/the-use-of-short-animated-patient-centered-springboard-videos-to-underscore-the-clinical-relevance-of-preclinical-medical-student-education
#7
Maya Adam, Sharon F Chen, Manuel Amieva, Jennifer Deitz, Heeju Jang, Aarti Porwal, Charles Prober
PROBLEM: Medical students often struggle to appreciate the clinical relevance of material taught in the preclinical years. The authors believe videos could be effectively used to interweave a patient's illness script with foundational basic science concepts. APPROACH: In collaboration with four other U.S. medical schools, educators at the Stanford University School of Medicine created 36 short, animated, patient-centered springboard videos (third-person, narrated accounts of authentic patient cases conveying foundational pathophysiology) in 2014...
January 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120593/validating-and-assessing-the-reaction-of-medical-students-toward-team-based-learning
#8
Fatemeh Keshmiri, Atena Rahmati, Ali Ghafarrahimi Amin, Tahereh Faezi
The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of tools "Team-Based Learning Student Assessment Tool", Classroom Engagement Survey (CES) and to assess the reaction of learners toward TBL sessions at Tehran University of Medical Sciences. This descriptive study was done in 2013. The first step was to assess the reliability and validity of the tools. TBL-SAI questionnaire include 39 items, and CES consists 8 items. The validity was assessed through Delphi rounds by experts and reliability, through internal consistency and Test-Retest approach...
December 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116023/what-do-they-want-from-us-a-survey-of-em-program-directors-on-em-application-criteria
#9
Kevin King, Dara Kass
INTRODUCTION: Although a relatively young specialty, emergency medicine (EM) is popular among medical students and is one of the most competitive large specialties. Consequently, students increasingly seek more opportunity to differentiate themselves from their colleagues by pursuing more clerkships at the cost of taking out additional loans: this despite the fact that those who match in EM typically do so in their top three choices. We sought to ascertain what factors EM program directors seek in their typical candidate...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099178/clinical-performance-evaluations-of-third-year-medical-students-and-association-with-student-and-evaluator-gender
#10
Alison Riese, Leah Rappaport, Brian Alverson, Sangshin Park, Randal M Rockney
PURPOSE: Clinical performance evaluations are major components of medical school clerkship grades. But are they sufficiently objective? This study aimed to determine whether student and evaluator gender is associated with assessment of overall clinical performance. METHOD: This was a retrospective analysis of 4,272 core clerkship clinical performance evaluations by 829 evaluators of 155 third-year students, within the Alpert Medical School grading database for the 2013-2014 academic year...
January 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098483/academic-performance-on-first-year-medical-school-exams-how-well-does-it-predict-later-performance-on-knowledge-based-and-clinical-assessments
#11
Edward Krupat, Stephen R Pelletier, Jules L Dienstag
Number of appearances in the bottom quartile of 1st-year medical school exams were used to represent the extent to which students were having academic difficulties. Medical educators have long expressed a desire to have indicators of medical student performance that have strong predictive validity. Predictors traditionally used fell into 4 general categories: demographic (e.g., gender), other background factors (e.g., college major), performance/aptitude (e.g., medical college admission test scores), and noncognitive factors (e...
January 18, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056972/perceived-stress-in-first-year-medical-students-associations-with-personal-resources-and-emotional-distress
#12
Ines Heinen, Monika Bullinger, Rüya-Daniela Kocalevent
BACKGROUND: Medical students have been found to report high levels of perceived stress, yet there is a lack of theoretical frameworks examining possible reasons. This cross-sectional study examines correlates of perceived stress in medical students on the basis of a conceptual stress model originally developed for and applied to the general population. The aim was to identify via structural equation modeling the associations between perceived stress and emotional distress (anxiety and depression), taking into account the activation of personal resources (optimism, self-efficacy and resilient coping)...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048025/tu-d-201-09-is-the-ms-degree-still-a-viable-option-for-clinical-medical-physics-education-and-training
#13
B Loughery, J Burmeister
PURPOSE: Recent publications have questioned the value of the MS degree and its future in medical physics education. This study investigates the residency placement rate (RPR) for CAMPEP-accredited MS programs as a metric to evaluate this degree as judged by residency programs. METHODS: By CAMPEP Standard 2.10, accredited graduate programs must present placement data on their program webpage and update it annually. We used these data to calculate the RPR of 43 programs into CAMPEP-accredited residency programs over a five year period (2010-2014)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047136/th-ab-209-03-overcoming-resolution-limitations-of-diffuse-optical-signals-in-x-ray-induced-luminescence-xil-imaging-via-selective-plane-illumination-and-2d-deconvolution
#14
B Quigley, C Smith, P La Riviere
PURPOSE: To evaluate the resolution and sensitivity of XIL imaging using a surface radiance simulation based on optical diffusion and maximum likelihood expectation maximization (MLEM) image reconstruction. XIL imaging seeks to determine the distribution of luminescent nanophosphors, which could be used as nanodosimeters or radiosensitizers. METHODS: The XIL simulation generated a homogeneous slab with optical properties similar to tissue. X-ray activated nanophosphors were placed at 1...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978819/the-experiences-of-high-school-students-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-china-a-qualitative-study
#15
Shaoru Zhang, Xiaohong Li, Tianhua Zhang, Yahui Fan, Yuelu Li
BACKGROUND: Clustered tuberculosis (TB) still occurred nationally in Chinese schools every year, where high school students patients accounts for the highest proportion. These young TB patients are in a critical period of physical and psychological growth. Research on their illness experience and analysis of underlying causes remains blank. The purpose of this study is to explore the overall illness experience of Chinese high school TB patients and to investigate the individual and social causes of such experience...
December 15, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930278/for-love-not-money-the-financial-implications-of-surgical-fellowship-training
#16
Paul M Inclan, Adam S Hyde, Michael Hulme, Jeffrey E Carter
Surgical residents cite increased income potential as a motivation for pursuing fellowship training, despite little evidence supporting this perception. Thus, our goal is to quantify the financial impact of surgical fellowship training on financial career value. By using Medical Group Management Association and Association of American Medical Colleges physician income data, and accounting for resident salary, student debt, a progressive tax structure, and forgone wages associated with prolonged training, we generated a net present value (NPV) for both generalist and subspecialist surgeons...
September 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903757/beyond-hand-hygiene-a-qualitative-study-of-the-everyday-work-of-preventing-cross-contamination-on-hospital-wards
#17
Su-Yin Hor, Claire Hooker, Rick Iedema, Mary Wyer, Gwendolyn L Gilbert, Christine Jorm, Matthew Vincent Neil O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infections are the most common adverse event for inpatients worldwide. Efforts to prevent microbial cross-contamination currently focus on hand hygiene and use of personal protective equipment (PPE), with variable success. Better understanding is needed of infection prevention and control (IPC) in routine clinical practice. METHODS: We report on an interventionist video-reflexive ethnography study that explored how healthcare workers performed IPC in three wards in two hospitals in New South Wales, Australia: an intensive care unit and two general surgical wards...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862543/interest-in-rural-clinical-school-is-not-enough-participation-is-necessary-to-predict-an-ultimate-rural-practice-location
#18
Denese Playford, Ian B Puddey
OBJECTIVE: Rural exposure during medical school is associated with increased rural work after graduation. How much of the increase in rural workforce by these graduates is due to pre-existing interest and plans to work rurally and how much is related to the extended clinical placement is not known. DESIGN: This cohort study compared the employment location of medical graduates who professed no rural interest as undergraduates (negative control), with those who applied but did not participate in Rural Clinical School of Western Australia (RCSWA) (positive control), and those who applied and participated in RCSWA (participants)...
November 16, 2016: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844179/-it-s-making-contacts-notions-of-social-capital-and-implications-for-widening-access-to-medical-education
#19
S Nicholson, J A Cleland
In the UK widening access (WA) activities and policies aim to increase the representation from lower socio-economic groups into Higher Education. Whilst linked to a political rhetoric of inclusive education such initiatives have however failed to significantly increase the number of such students entering medicine. This is compounded by a discourse that portrays WA applicants and students as lacking the essential skills or attributes to be successful in medical education. Much of the research in this area to date has been weak and it is critical to better understand how WA applicants and students negotiate medical admissions and education to inform change...
November 14, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842590/the-prevalence-and-cost-of-medical-student-visiting-rotations
#20
Matthew Winterton, Jaimo Ahn, Joseph Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Performance on visiting rotations during the senior year of medical school is consistently cited by residency program directors as a critical factor in selecting residents. Nevertheless, the frequency with which visiting rotations are undertaken and the associated financial costs they impose have not been systematically examined. METHOD: Under the auspices of the Electronic Residency Application Service, a survey was sent in March 2015 to all U.S. applicants for residency programs in the 2014-15 academic year...
November 14, 2016: BMC Medical Education
keyword
keyword
44489
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"