keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical student accountability

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903757/beyond-hand-hygiene-a-qualitative-study-of-the-everyday-work-of-preventing-cross-contamination-on-hospital-wards
#1
Su-Yin Hor, Claire Hooker, Rick Iedema, Mary Wyer, Gwendolyn L Gilbert, Christine Jorm, Matthew Vincent Neil O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infections are the most common adverse event for inpatients worldwide. Efforts to prevent microbial cross-contamination currently focus on hand hygiene and use of personal protective equipment (PPE), with variable success. Better understanding is needed of infection prevention and control (IPC) in routine clinical practice. METHODS: We report on an interventionist video-reflexive ethnography study that explored how healthcare workers performed IPC in three wards in two hospitals in New South Wales, Australia: an intensive care unit and two general surgical wards...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862543/interest-in-rural-clinical-school-is-not-enough-participation-is-necessary-to-predict-an-ultimate-rural-practice-location
#2
Denese Playford, Ian B Puddey
OBJECTIVE: Rural exposure during medical school is associated with increased rural work after graduation. How much of the increase in rural workforce by these graduates is due to pre-existing interest and plans to work rurally and how much is related to the extended clinical placement is not known. DESIGN: This cohort study compared the employment location of medical graduates who professed no rural interest as undergraduates (negative control), with those who applied but did not participate in Rural Clinical School of Western Australia (RCSWA) (positive control), and those who applied and participated in RCSWA (participants)...
November 16, 2016: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844179/-it-s-making-contacts-notions-of-social-capital-and-implications-for-widening-access-to-medical-education
#3
S Nicholson, J A Cleland
In the UK widening access (WA) activities and policies aim to increase the representation from lower socio-economic groups into Higher Education. Whilst linked to a political rhetoric of inclusive education such initiatives have however failed to significantly increase the number of such students entering medicine. This is compounded by a discourse that portrays WA applicants and students as lacking the essential skills or attributes to be successful in medical education. Much of the research in this area to date has been weak and it is critical to better understand how WA applicants and students negotiate medical admissions and education to inform change...
November 14, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842590/the-prevalence-and-cost-of-medical-student-visiting-rotations
#4
Matthew Winterton, Jaimo Ahn, Joseph Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Performance on visiting rotations during the senior year of medical school is consistently cited by residency program directors as a critical factor in selecting residents. Nevertheless, the frequency with which visiting rotations are undertaken and the associated financial costs they impose have not been systematically examined. METHOD: Under the auspices of the Electronic Residency Application Service, a survey was sent in March 2015 to all U.S. applicants for residency programs in the 2014-15 academic year...
November 14, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812820/who-do-you-think-you-are-medical-student-socioeconomic-status-and-intention-to-work-in-underserved-areas
#5
Barbara Griffin, Erik Porfeli, Wendy Hu
A frequently cited rationale for increasing the participation of students from low socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds is that it will create a workforce who will choose to work in low SES and medically underserviced communities. Two theoretical arguments, one that supports and one that contradicts this assumption, are proposed to explain the practice location intentions of medical students which we examine in a longitudinal analysis. SES background and future intentions of 351 applicants to an undergraduate medical degree were assessed at Time 1, with intentions re-assessed one year later for 96% of those who were enrolled as medical students...
November 3, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805952/improving-learner-handovers-in-medical-education
#6
Eric J Warm, Robert Englander, Anne Pereira, Paul Barach
Multiple studies have demonstrated that the information included in the Medical Student Performance Evaluation fails to reliably predict medical students' future performance. This faulty transfer of information can lead to harm when poorly prepared students fail out of residency or, worse, are shuttled through the medical education system without an honest accounting of their performance. Such poor learner handovers likely arise from two root causes: (1) the absence of agreed-on outcomes of training and/or accepted assessments of those outcomes, and (2) the lack of standardized ways to communicate the results of those assessments...
November 1, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797293/the-impact-of-socially-accountable-health-professional-education-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#7
Carole Reeve, Torres Woolley, Simone J Ross, Leila Mohammadi, Servando Ben Halili, Fortunato Cristobal, Jusie Lydia J Siega-Sur, A-J Neusy
This literature review describes the impact of health professional schools with a social accountability mandate by identifying characteristics of medical education found to impact positively on medical students, health workforce, and health outcomes of disadvantaged communities. A critical appraisal tool was used to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the published articles. Data are presented as a narrative synthesis due to the variety of methodologies in the studies, and characterized using a logic model...
October 31, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795969/reflection-on-the-future-of-medical-care-challenges-of-social-accountability-from-the-viewpoints-of-care-providers-and-patients
#8
Masumeh Sanaii, Leili Mosalanejad, Saideh Rahmanian, Alireza Sahraieyan, Ali Dehghani
INTRODUCTION: Clearly, there are some challenges and difficulties in fulfilling social accountability which should be identified and dealt with in order to reach the ultimate goal. The main objective of this study was to identify the challenges associated with social accountability. METHODS: In this qualitative study, focus groups and in-depth semi-structured interview were used to obtain the opinions and experiences of 35 people with 4 focus groups of students, faculty members, patients and their companions in Jahrom University of Medical Sciences...
October 2016: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793155/off-label-use-of-orphan-medicinal-products-a-belgian-qualitative-study
#9
Marc Dooms, David Cassiman, Steven Simoens
BACKGROUND: Off-label use of (orphan) medicinal products for (rare) diseases is quite common but not underpinned by clinical studies to confirm efficacy and safety. No risk-analyses by regulatory agencies are carried out. The objective of this study was to map off-label use of orphan medicinal products in Belgium in terms of attitude towards off-label prescribing, factors influencing off-label prescribing, disclosure of information towards the patient, reporting of off-label use, risks and consequences...
October 28, 2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785343/auditing-sex-and-gender-based-medicine-sgbm-content-in-medical-school-curriculum-a-student-scholar-model
#10
EDITORIAL
Michael M Song, Betsy G Jones, Robert A Casanova
BACKGROUND: Sex- and gender-based medicine (SGBM) aims to (1) delineate and investigate sex- and gender-based differences in health, disease, and response to treatment and (2) apply that knowledge to clinical care to improve the health of both women and men. However, the integration of SGBM into medical school curricula is often haphazard and poorly defined; schools often do not know the current status of SGBM content in their curricula, even if they are committed to addressing gaps and improving SGBM delivery...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779510/individual-and-institutional-components-of-the-medical-school-educational-environment
#11
Larry D Gruppen, R Brent Stansfield
PURPOSE: To examine, using a systems framework, the relative influence of individual-level and institution-level factors on student perceptions of the medical school educational environment. METHOD: A series of hierarchical linear models were fit to a large, 18-school longitudinal dataset of student perceptions of the educational environment, various demographics, and student empathy, tolerance of ambiguity, coping, and patient-provider orientation. Separate models were evaluated for individual-level factors alone, institution-level factors alone, and the combination of individual- and institution-level factors...
November 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760535/the-haiti-medical-education-project-development-and-analysis-of-a-competency-based-continuing-medical-education-course-in-haiti-through-distance-learning
#12
Robert Battat, Marc Jhonson, Lorne Wiseblatt, Cruff Renard, Laura Habib, Manouchka Normil, Brian Remillard, Timothy F Brewer, Galit Sacajiu
BACKGROUND: Recent calls for reform in healthcare training emphasize using competency-based curricula and information technology-empowered learning. Continuing Medical Education programs are essential in maintaining physician accreditation. Haitian physicians have expressed a lack access to these activities. The Haiti Medical Education Project works in alliance with Haitian medical leadership, faculty and students to support the Country's medical education system. We present the creation, delivery and evaluation of a competency-based continuing medical education curriculum for physicians in rural Haiti...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753823/sy-01-1-adaptation-of-major-guidelines-for-regional-applications
#13
Ernesto Schiffrin
Clinical practice guidelines, which are systematically developed statements aimed at helping people make clinical, policy-related and system-related decisions, frequently vary widely in quality. A strategy is needed to differentiate among guidelines and ensure that those of the highest quality are implemented. Hypertension Canada provides annually updated standardized recommendations and clinical practice guidelines to detect, treat and control hypertension. The annual, evidence-based recommendations are developed through intense discussion of the clinical implications via a systematic review of the literature followed by critical appraisals of all the new clinical research, taking into account the assessment criteria in the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument that evaluates the process of practice guideline development and the quality of reporting...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738569/a-predictive-model-for-usmle-step-1-scores
#14
Christin Giordano, David Hutchinson, Richard Peppler
PURPOSE: The United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 plays a pivotal role in one's residency application. While prior literature has investigated which factors influence performance on the examination, the authors sought to include factors such as performance on a well-used question bank and financial need to develop a predictive model. METHOD : After obtaining institutional review board approval, the authors surveyed two consecutive second-year medical school classes and correlated the data to the students' Step 1 and National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) Comprehensive Basic Science Examination (CBSE) scores...
September 7, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712109/assessing-stress-induced-sleep-reactivity-in-college-students-the-european-portuguese-version-of-the-ford-insomnia-response-to-stress-test-first
#15
Daniel Ruivo Marques, Ana Allen Gomes, Christopher Lawrence Drake, Thomas Roth, Maria Helena Pinto de Azevedo
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Over the past few years, the comprehensive models of insomnia have exhibited impressive developments. However, there is scarce knowledge on predisposing or vulnerability factors for insomnia. One of the most promising constructs to aid in filling this gap is stress-induced sleep reactivity assessed through self-report. Our aim was to study the psychometric properties of the European Portuguese version of the Ford Insomnia Response to Stress Test (FIRST). PARTICIPANTS: We recruited a large sample of students attending medical school (N = 699)...
August 11, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704289/preadmission-schooling-context-helps-to-predict-examination-performance-throughout-medical-school
#16
Neil Stringer, Michael Chan, Yaw Bimpeh, Philip Chan
This study investigates the effects of socioeconomic status and schooling on the academic attainment of a cohort of students at a single medical school (N = 240). Partial least squares structural equation modelling was used to explore how students' summative assessment scores over 4 years of medical school were affected by: attainment in secondary school examinations (GCSEs and A-levels); the Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) rank associated with students' home postcodes; the performance of students' A-level institutions, measured as the percentage of A-level students achieving 3 A-levels at AAB or higher in two or more facilitating subjects...
October 4, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681538/medical-students-learning-orientation-regarding-interracial-interactions-affects-preparedness-to-care-for-minority-patients-a-report-from-medical-student-changes
#17
Diana J Burgess, Sara E Burke, Brooke A Cunningham, John F Dovidio, Rachel R Hardeman, Yuefeng Hou, David B Nelson, Sylvia P Perry, Sean M Phelan, Mark W Yeazel, Michelle van Ryn
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of evidence on how to train medical students to provide equitable, high quality care to racial and ethnic minority patients. We test the hypothesis that medical schools' ability to foster a learning orientation toward interracial interactions (i.e., that students can improve their ability to successfully interact with people of another race and learn from their mistakes), will contribute to white medical students' readiness to care for racial minority patients...
September 29, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664036/facilitators-and-inhibitors-in-developing-professional-values-in-nursing-students
#18
Mahnaz Shafakhah, Zahra Molazem, Mojgan Khademi, Farkhondeh Sharif
BACKGROUND: Values are the basis of nursing practice, especially in making decisions about complicated ethical issues. Despite their key role in nursing, little information exists on the factors affecting their development and manifestation in nursing students. OBJECTIVE: This study identifies and describes the facilitators and inhibitors of the development and manifestation of professional values based on the experiences of nursing students and instructors and nurses...
September 22, 2016: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648195/an-investigation-on-social-accountability-of-general-medicine-curriculum
#19
Ali Emadzadeh, Hossein Karimi Moonaghi, Mojtaba Mousavi Bazzaz, Sharareh Karimi
INTRODUCTION: Experts consider social accountability as a new paradigm in medical education and a cultural change that is necessary to be studied and understood more deeply. One of the problems of medical education is the inadequacy of medicine graduates to meet the social accountability. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the general medicine curriculum for social accountability. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on three groups of experts, faculty members, and general physicians working in health centers in Mashhad in 2014...
July 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642876/sy-01-1-adaptation-of-major-guidelines-for-regional-applications
#20
Ernesto Schiffrin
Clinical practice guidelines, which are systematically developed statements aimed at helping people make clinical, policy-related and system-related decisions, frequently vary widely in quality. A strategy is needed to differentiate among guidelines and ensure that those of the highest quality are implemented. Hypertension Canada provides annually updated standardized recommendations and clinical practice guidelines to detect, treat and control hypertension. The annual, evidence-based recommendations are developed through intense discussion of the clinical implications via a systematic review of the literature followed by critical appraisals of all the new clinical research, taking into account the assessment criteria in the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument that evaluates the process of practice guideline development and the quality of reporting...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
keyword
keyword
44489
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"