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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934799/factors-influencing-the-application-of-a-biopsychosocial-perspective-in-clinical-judgement-of-chronic-pain-interactive-management-with-medical-students
#1
Christopher P Dwyer, Phoebe E McKenna-Plumley, Hannah Durand, Emer M Gormley, Brian W Slattery, Owen M Harney, Padraig MacNeela, Brian E McGuire
BACKGROUND: Though there is wide support for the application of biopsychosocial perspectives in clinical judgement of chronic pain cases, such perspectives are often overlooked due to either inadequate training or attitudes favoring a biomedical approach. Recent research has indicated that despite such explanations, both established general practitioners (GP) and medical students account for some psychosocial factors when making clinical judgements regarding chronic pain cases, but report not being likely to apply these in real-world, clinical settings due to numerous factors, including available time with patients...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927448/barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-addiction-medicine-fellowships-a-qualitative-study-with-fellows-medical-students-residents-and-preceptors
#2
J Klimas, W Small, K Ahamad, W Cullen, A Mead, L Rieb, E Wood, R McNeil
BACKGROUND: Although progress in science has driven advances in addiction medicine, this subject has not been adequately taught to medical trainees and physicians. As a result, there has been poor integration of evidence-based practices in addiction medicine into physician training which has impeded addiction treatment and care. Recently, a number of training initiatives have emerged internationally, including the addiction medicine fellowships in Vancouver, Canada. This study was undertaken to examine barriers and facilitators of implementing addiction medicine fellowships...
September 20, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892935/efficacy-of-health-education-using-facebook-to-promote-healthy-lifestyle-among-medical-students-in-puducherry-india-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Smrithi Krishnamohan, P Stalin, Zile Singh, Maghida Sridhar
INTRODUCTION: Increasing burden of overweight and obesity among young adults is mainly due to unhealthy lifestyle especially with respect to diet and physical activity. At the same time, younger generations are spending more time with social network sites. Therefore, this study was intended to explore the role of social networking sites in promoting healthy lifestyle. AIM: To measure the efficacy of health education using social networking sites in promoting healthy lifestyle among medical students in Puducherry, India...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892885/an-analysis-into-metacognition-and-family-history-of-diabetes-mellitus-among-first-year-medical-students
#4
Ak Sunitha Priya, Rose Babu, Pallavi Panchu, Biju Bahuleyan
INTRODUCTION: Medical course requires immense effort by the students to deal with vast curriculum and hence, the need to adopt metacognitive skill to cope up. Diabetes mellitus has an impact on cognition. Metacognition, being a component of cognition, is likely to be affected by diabetes. Children of diabetic parents have demonstrated insulin resistance which may contribute to metacognitive dysfunction. Hence, it is important to focus into the link between family history of diabetes and metacognition...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886935/examination-of-nondesignated-preliminary-surgery-residents-recruited-since-the-inception-of-supplementary-offer-and-acceptance-program-lessons-learned-from-a-large-academic-program
#5
Maria Albuja-Cruz, Claire Travis, Michael Benge, Barbara Caufield, Mark Nehler
PURPOSE: The majority of surgery programs roster non-designated preliminary (NDP) residents. We and others have reported on the success of NDP resident mentoring with regard to categorical position placement. Lacking is a focus on the candidates themselves and differences based on initial career of choice. METHODS: NDP residents' files since the institution of SOAP were reviewed for demographics, initial career choice, financial burden, region of medical school of origin, application and interview history, and pre-screen interview candidate score (high score of 22 - data includes USMLE scores, major clerkship grades, and AOA) used for categorical recruitment...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885431/geographic-comparison-of-women-in-academic-obstetrics-and-gynecology-department-based-leadership-roles
#6
Hope A Ricciotti, Laura E Dodge, Ashley Aluko, Lisa G Hofler, Michele R Hacker
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare geographic representation of women in obstetrics and gynecology department-based leadership roles across American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) districts and U.S. Census Bureau regions while accounting for the proportion of women practicing in each area. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study. To more meaningfully quantify representation of women as leaders in ACOG districts and U.S. Census Bureau regions, we calculated representation ratios-the proportion of department-based leaders who were women divided by the proportion of obstetrician-gynecologists who were women...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870254/understanding-the-factors-affecting-the-attraction-and-retention-of-health-professionals-in-rural-and-remote-areas-a-mixed-method-study-in-niger
#7
Loubna Belaid, Christian Dagenais, Mahaman Moha, Valéry Ridde
BACKGROUND: The critical shortage of human resources in health is a critical public health problem affecting most low- and middle-income countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. In addition to the shortage of health professionals, attracting and retaining them in rural areas is a challenge. The objective of the study was to understand the factors that influence the attraction and retention of health professionals working in rural areas in Niger. METHODS: A mixed-method study was conducted in Tillabery region, Niger...
September 4, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854072/acclimating-to-the-increase-in-statin-use-in-accountable-care-organizations-based-on-changes-in-quality-measures-a-report-from-the-accountable-care-organization-research-network-services-and-education
#8
Leah Bensimon, Genevieve Hale
The Accountable Care Organization Research Network, Services, and Education (ACORN SEED), founded by faculty members at Nova Southeastern University College of Pharmacy, is a group of pharmacists that provides unique pharmacy services to accountable care organizations (ACOs), patient-centered medical homes, and management services organizations to help maximize shared savings and target medication-related issues, while promoting the pharmacy profession and unique learning experiences for pharmacy students within these settings...
September 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851675/internet-use-and-access-behavior-cyberbullying-and-grooming-results-of-an-investigative-whole-city-survey-of-adolescents
#9
Marco Flavio Michele Vismara, Joseph Toaff, Giuliana Pulvirenti, Chiara Settanni, Emma Colao, Serena Marianna Lavano, Riccardo Cemicetti, David Cotugno, Giuseppe Perrotti, Viviana Meschesi, Roberto Montera, Barbara Zepponi, Umberto Rapetto, Rosa Marotta
BACKGROUND: According to the Digital Agenda for Europe, the way children use the Internet and mobile technologies has changed dramatically in the past years. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to: (1) breakdown the modalities of access and use of the Internet by teenagers to assess risks and risky behaviors; and (2) provide scientific data to evaluate and counsel safe use of the Internet and new technologies by teenagers. METHODS: The study was conducted under the program "Strategies for a Better Internet for Children" started in May 2012 by the European Commission...
August 29, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840324/patient-specific-mental-rehearsal-with-interactive-visual-aids-a-path-worth-exploring
#10
Marina Yiasemidou, Raffaele Galli, Daniel Glassman, Matthew Tang, Rahoz Aziz, David Jayne, Danilo Miskovic
BACKGROUND: Surgeons of today are faced with unprecedented challenges; necessitating a novel approach to pre-operative preparation which takes into account the specific tests each case poses. In this study, we examine patient-specific mental rehearsal for pre-surgical practice and assess whether this method has an additional effect when compared to generic mental rehearsal. METHODS: Sixteen medical students were trained how to perform a simulated laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SLC)...
August 24, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834846/can-we-increase-the-value-and-decrease-the-cost-of-clinical-skills-assessment
#11
William P Burdick, John R Boulet, Kim Edward LeBlanc
Although the authors do not agree with medical students' bid to end the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 2 Clinical Skills or Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination Level 2-Performance Evaluation tests, they concur with Ecker and colleagues that conducting further research to support the validity argument, providing greater feedback on performance, and exploring options to reduce costs are important for addressing students' concerns. Evidence to support the validity of clinical skills exam scores and associated inferences already exists...
August 22, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831748/attitudes-toward-spirituality-and-spiritual-care-among-iranian-nurses-and-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Hassan Babamohamadi, Mahsa-Sadat Ahmadpanah, Raheb Ghorbani
Addressing spiritual needs is taken into account as an integral part of holistic health care and also an important component of nursing practice. The aim of present study is to evaluate attitudes toward spirituality and spiritual care among nurses and nursing students at Semnan University of Medical Sciences in Iran. In this cross-sectional study, all nurses (n = 180) working in the teaching hospitals affiliated to Semnan University of Medical Sciences as well as senior nursing students (n = 50) selected by the census method...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760685/-leadership-and-management-courses-for-clinicians
#13
Daniel Wichelhaus, Peter Fischer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the benefit of Leadership and Management Courses for clinicians, specifically which leadership and management contents are beneficial to their daily clinical work and whether these contents support their individual career. METHOD: E-mail invitations to participate in the study were sent to all 543 medical doctors of the University Hospital Hanover, Germany, who had taken part in one of the leadership and management courses offered between June 2005 and June 2015...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760538/schizotypy-is-associated-with-reduced-mnemonic-precision-in-visual-working-memory
#14
Weizhen Xie, Marcus Cappiello, Hyung-Bum Park, Patricia Deldin, Raymond C K Chan, Weiwei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Working memory (WM) maintains a limited amount of information over a short period of time at the service of other ongoing mental activities. Deficits in this function are often observed in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. The present study examined whether self-report schizotypy was associated with the qualitative, quantitative, or both aspects of visual WM and whether these impairments could be accounted for by sensory memory deficits and/or depressed mood in a group of non-clinical, medication-naïve participants...
July 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743691/understanding-factors-affecting-participation-in-online-formative-quizzes-an-interview-study
#15
Ancil J Abney, Sarina Amin, Jonathan D Kibble
A positive correlation between performance and participation in formative quizzes and final summative examinations has been reported many times. The goal of the present interview study was to construct a model to explain why students may elect not to engage with formative assessment opportunities. Our medical school's preclinical curriculum has an established policy of offering weekly online quizzes in all courses during the first 2 yr. Quizzes do not count for credit. Semistructured interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim, and a formal thematic analysis was applied...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734118/the-perniciousness-of-perfectionism-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-perfectionism-suicide-relationship
#16
Martin M Smith, Simon B Sherry, Samantha Chen, Donald H Saklofske, Christopher Mushquash, Gordon L Flett, Paul L Hewitt
OBJECTIVE: Over 50 years of research implicates perfectionism in suicide. Yet the role of perfectionism in suicide needs clarification due to notable between-study inconsistencies in findings, underpowered studies, and uncertainty about whether perfectionism confers risk for suicide. We addressed this by meta-analyzing perfectionism's relationship with suicide ideation and attempts. We also tested whether self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially prescribed perfectionism predicted increased suicide ideation, beyond baseline ideation...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720423/undergraduate-clinical-teaching-in-orthopedic-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial-comparing-the-effect-of-case-based-teaching-and-bedside-teaching-on-musculoskeletal-osce-performance
#17
Martin Kelly, Iain Feeley, Fiona Boland, John M O'Byrne
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal (MSK) complaints are the second most common reason for a hospital outpatient appointment in the US, and account for 19.5% of general practice consultations. Previous studies have shown that passive teaching in medical school does not imbue students with an adequate degree of confidence in MSK evaluation. The aim of this study was to conduct a randomized control trial to compare the effect of the gold standard small group tutorial of bedside teaching against case-based teaching (CBT) in relation to orthopedic surgery in medical students...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712202/stillbirths-what-can-be-done-to-confront-an-invisible-public-health-problem-in-pakistan
#18
Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Assad Hafeez, Saima Hamid
Pakistan has been ranked highest and appears worst in stillbirths' rate according to the recent global estimates. Reasons could be manifold; socio-cultural, health system related country specific, and some of these of course déjà vu, i.e., the biomedical causes. Yet, a fresh stocktaking is necessary to understand the complex phenomenon in a country, awfully affected by this menace. Maternal, neonatal and child health program needs to be informed and geared up toward addressing the actual reasons behind this heavy toll of stillbirths in Pakistan...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697734/factors-associated-with-medication-amounts-considered-excessive-among-university-students-a-questionnaire-survey-of-pharmacy-students-and-those-in-non-medical-schools
#19
Megumi Saito, Noriko Ando-Tanabe, Etsuko Arita
BACKGROUND: Better insight and knowledge on factors associated with perception of medication numbers and amounts would contribute greatly to our current understanding of patient psychological response regarding taking medications, and would allow us to improve drug administration support and adherence. This study explored associations between attitudes toward medication dosage in a questionnaire survey that examined demographic characteristics, the number of tablets and types of prescription medications considered excessive by participants, current medication and supplement use, personal experiences with medications, and perceptions surrounding medications...
July 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681745/a-randomized-controlled-study-of-operative-versus-nonoperative-treatment-for-large-spontaneous-supratentorial-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#20
Mukesh K Bhaskar, Rakesh Kumar, Balakrishna Ojha, Sunil K Singh, Nishant Verma, Rajesh Verma, Anil Chandra, Chhitij Srivastava, Manish Jaiswal, Somil Jaiswal, Harsha Huliyappa
CONTEXT: Spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) accounts for 4-14% of all strokes and has a high mortality rate of 30-50% during the first month. Management of large hematomas is controversial, with some advocating medical management while others favoring surgical evacuation. AIM: This study was undertaken to compare the outcome of patients with a spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (SSICH) managed with or without surgical evacuation. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Four hundred and eighty-two SSICH patients admitted from September 2013 to August 2015 were evaluated based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
July 2017: Neurology India
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