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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760685/-leadership-and-management-courses-for-clinicians
#1
Daniel Wichelhaus, Peter Fischer
AIM: The study evaluates the benefit of Leadership and Management Courses for clinicians. We want to examine which specific leadership and management contents are beneficial for a clinicians daily work, and if these contents support their individual career. METHOD: All 543 medical doctors working ant the University Hospital at Hanover, Germany, who had taken part in a leadership and management course between June 2005 and June 2015 were invited via email to participate in this study...
July 28, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760538/schizotypy-is-associated-with-reduced-mnemonic-precision-in-visual-working-memory
#2
Weizhen Xie, Marcus Cappiello, Hyung-Bum Park, Patricia Deldin, Raymond C K Chan, Weiwei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Working memory (WM) maintains a limited amount of information over a short period of time at the service of other ongoing mental activities. Deficits in this function are often observed in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. The present study examined whether self-report schizotypy was associated with the qualitative, quantitative, or both aspects of visual WM and whether these impairments could be accounted for by sensory memory deficits and/or depressed mood in a group of non-clinical, medication-naïve participants...
July 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743691/understanding-factors-affecting-participation-in-online-formative-quizzes-an-interview-study
#3
Ancil J Abney, Sarina Amin, Jonathan D Kibble
A positive correlation between performance and participation in formative quizzes and final summative examinations has been reported many times. The goal of the present interview study was to construct a model to explain why students may elect not to engage with formative assessment opportunities. Our medical school's preclinical curriculum has an established policy of offering weekly online quizzes in all courses during the first 2 yr. Quizzes do not count for credit. Semistructured interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim, and a formal thematic analysis was applied...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734118/the-perniciousness-of-perfectionism-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-perfectionism-suicide-relationship
#4
Martin M Smith, Simon B Sherry, Samantha Chen, Donald H Saklofske, Christopher Mushquash, Gordon L Flett, Paul L Hewitt
Over 50 years of research implicates perfectionism in suicide. Yet the role of perfectionism in suicide needs clarification due to notable between-study inconsistencies in findings, underpowered studies, and uncertainty whether perfectionism confers risk for suicide. OBJECTIVE: We addressed this by meta-analyzing perfectionism's relationship with suicide ideation and attempts. We also tested whether self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially prescribed perfectionism predicted increased suicide ideation, beyond baseline ideation...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720423/undergraduate-clinical-teaching-in-orthopedic-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial-comparing-the-effect-of-case-based-teaching-and-bedside-teaching-on-musculoskeletal-osce-performance
#5
Martin Kelly, Iain Feeley, Fiona Boland, John M O'Byrne
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal (MSK) complaints are the second most common reason for a hospital outpatient appointment in the US, and account for 19.5% of general practice consultations. Previous studies have shown that passive teaching in medical school does not imbue students with an adequate degree of confidence in MSK evaluation. The aim of this study was to conduct a randomized control trial to compare the effect of the gold standard small group tutorial of bedside teaching against case-based teaching (CBT) in relation to orthopedic surgery in medical students...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712202/stillbirths-what-can-be-done-to-confront-an-invisible-public-health-problem-in-pakistan
#6
Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Assad Hafeez, Saima Hamid
Pakistan has been ranked highest and appears worst in stillbirths' rate according to the recent global estimates. Reasons could be manifold; socio-cultural, health system related country specific, and some of these of course déjà vu, i.e., the biomedical causes. Yet, a fresh stocktaking is necessary to understand the complex phenomenon in a country, awfully affected by this menace. Maternal, neonatal and child health program needs to be informed and geared up toward addressing the actual reasons behind this heavy toll of stillbirths in Pakistan...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697734/factors-associated-with-medication-amounts-considered-excessive-among-university-students-a-questionnaire-survey-of-pharmacy-students-and-those-in-non-medical-schools
#7
Megumi Saito, Noriko Ando-Tanabe, Etsuko Arita
BACKGROUND: Better insight and knowledge on factors associated with perception of medication numbers and amounts would contribute greatly to our current understanding of patient psychological response regarding taking medications, and would allow us to improve drug administration support and adherence. This study explored associations between attitudes toward medication dosage in a questionnaire survey that examined demographic characteristics, the number of tablets and types of prescription medications considered excessive by participants, current medication and supplement use, personal experiences with medications, and perceptions surrounding medications...
July 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681745/a-randomized-controlled-study-of-operative-versus-nonoperative-treatment-for-large-spontaneous-supratentorial-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#8
Mukesh K Bhaskar, Rakesh Kumar, Balakrishna Ojha, Sunil K Singh, Nishant Verma, Rajesh Verma, Anil Chandra, Chhitij Srivastava, Manish Jaiswal, Somil Jaiswal, Harsha Huliyappa
CONTEXT: Spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) accounts for 4-14% of all strokes and has a high mortality rate of 30-50% during the first month. Management of large hematomas is controversial, with some advocating medical management while others favoring surgical evacuation. AIM: This study was undertaken to compare the outcome of patients with a spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (SSICH) managed with or without surgical evacuation. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Four hundred and eighty-two SSICH patients admitted from September 2013 to August 2015 were evaluated based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
July 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681652/building-an-environmentally-accountable-medical-curriculum-through-international-collaboration
#9
Sarah Catherine Walpole, Aditya Vyas, Janie Maxwell, Ben J Canny, Robert Woollard, Caroline Wellbery, Kathleen E Leedham-Green, Peter Musaeus, Uzma Tufail-Hanif, Karina Pavão Patrício, Hanna-Andrea Rother
BACKGROUND: Global environmental change is associated with significant health threats. The medical profession can address this challenge through advocacy, health system adaptation and workforce preparedness. Stewardship of health systems with attention to their environmental impacts can contribute to mitigation of and adaptation to negative health impacts of environmental change. Medical schools have an integral role in training doctors who understand the interdependence of ecosystems and human health...
July 6, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670150/predicting-united-states-medical-licensure-examination-step-2-clinical-knowledge-scores-from-previous-academic-indicators
#10
Kristina A Monteiro, Paul George, Richard Dollase, Luba Dumenco
The use of multiple academic indicators to identify students at risk of experiencing difficulty completing licensure requirements provides an opportunity to increase support services prior to high-stakes licensure examinations, including the United States Medical Licensure Examination (USMLE) Step 2 clinical knowledge (CK). Step 2 CK is becoming increasingly important in decision-making by residency directors because of increasing undergraduate medical enrollment and limited available residency vacancies. We created and validated a regression equation to predict students' Step 2 CK scores from previous academic indicators to identify students at risk, with sufficient time to intervene with additional support services as necessary...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664435/video-analysis-in-basic-skills-training-a-way-to-expand-the-value-and-use-of-blackbox-training
#11
Ninos Oussi, Constantinos Loukas, Ann Kjellin, Vasileios Lahanas, Konstantinos Georgiou, Lars Henningsohn, Li Felländer-Tsai, Evangelos Georgiou, Lars Enochsson
BACKGROUND: Basic skills training in laparoscopic high-fidelity simulators (LHFS) improves laparoscopic skills. However, since LHFS are expensive, their availability is limited. The aim of this study was to assess whether automated video analysis of low-cost BlackBox laparoscopic training could provide an alternative to LHFS in basic skills training. METHODS: Medical students volunteered to participate during their surgical semester at the Karolinska University Hospital...
June 29, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664143/the-effects-of-personality-traits-on-academic-burnout-in-korean-medical-students
#12
Soo Jin Lee, Young Jun Choi, Han Chae
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that personality traits play an important role in academic burnout. The aim of this study was to investigate how Cloninger's temperament and character traits explain academic burnout in a highly competitive environment of medical school. METHODS: A total of 184 Korean medical students participated in the survey. The Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory was measured around the beginning of the semester and Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey at the end of the semester...
June 2017: Integrative medicine research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662606/patients-with-vasculitides-admitted-to-the-intensive-care-unit-implications-from-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#13
Yael Haviv, Ora Shovman, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Kassem Sharif, Yarden Yavne, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Howard Amital, Abdulla Watad
BACKGROUND: Vasculitides are a group of disorders characterized by inflammation of vessels. Vasculitides may have life-threatening complications with significant morbidity and mortality; however, information regarding the outcome and prognosis of patients with vasculitides requiring intensive care unit (ICU) is scarce. METHODS: Data of patients with vasculitides admitted to the ICU of the Sheba Medical Center between the years 2000 and 2014 were retrieved retrospectively...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658020/socially-accountable-medical-education-an-innovative-approach-at-florida-international-university-herbert-wertheim-college-of-medicine
#14
Pedro J Greer, David R Brown, Luther G Brewster, Onelia G Lage, Karin F Esposito, Ebony B Whisenant, Frederick W Anderson, Natalie K Castellanos, Troy A Stefano, John A Rock
PROBLEM: Despite medical advances, health disparities persist, resulting in medicine's renewed emphasis on the social determinants of health and calls for reform in medical education. APPROACH: The Green Family Foundation Neighborhood Health Education Learning Program (NeighborhoodHELP) at Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine provides a platform for the school's community-focused mission. NeighborhoodHELP emphasizes social accountability and interprofessional education while providing evidence-based, patient- and household-centered care...
June 27, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640800/hiv-testing-linkage-to-hiv-medical-care-and-interviews-for-partner-services-among-youths-61-health-department-jurisdictions-united-states-puerto-rico-and-the-u-s-virgin-islands-2015
#15
Renee Stein, Wei Song, Mariette Marano, Heta Patel, Shubha Rao, Elana Morris
Identifying persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who are unaware of their infection, linking them to HIV medical care, and reducing health disparities are important national goals (1). Of the 8,841 teens and young adults aged 13-24 years (collectively referred to as youths in this report) who received a diagnosis of HIV in 2014, 70% were young men who have sex with men (MSM) (2). In the same year, an estimated 52% of young MSM living with HIV were unaware of their infection compared with 15% among all persons living with HIV (3)...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628072/retention-of-content-utilizing-a-flipped-classroom-approach
#16
Bobbi Shatto, Kristine LʼEcuyer, Jerod Quinn
The flipped classroom experience promotes retention and accountability for learning. The authors report their evaluation of a flipped classroom for accelerated second-degree nursing students during their primary medical-surgical nursing course. Standardized HESI® scores were compared between a group of students who experienced the flipped classroom and a previous group who had traditional teaching methods. Short- and long-term retention was measured using standardized exams 3 months and 12 months following the course...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625495/assessing-the-effect-of-an-intensive-2-week-surgical-training-and-innovation-program-for-high-school-students
#17
Brian Labadie, Roshan M Patel, Jessica Gandy Labadie, Christina Hwang, Zhamshid Okhunov, Jaime Landman
OBJECTIVE: The summer surgery program (SSP) was founded in 2012 as an educational program for students at the critical juncture between high school and college to engender interest in medicine, science, and innovation. This program has a distinct emphasis on innovation and problem solving based on real-life operative challenges identified by students during surgical observation in the operating room. The effect of the SSP regarding postsecondary education and career goals was evaluated by participants using a follow-up questionnaire...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624778/students-approaches-to-medical-school-choice-relationship-with-students-characteristics-and-motivation
#18
Anouk Wouters, Gerda Croiset, Nienke R Schripsema, Janke Cohen-Schotanus, Gerard W G Spaai, Robert L Hulsman, Rashmi A Kusurkar
Objectives: The aim was to examine main reasons for students' medical school choice and their relationship with students' characteristics and motivation during the students' medical study. Methods: In this multisite cross-sectional study, all Year-1 and Year-4 students who had participated in a selection procedure in one of the three Dutch medical schools included in the study were invited to complete an online survey comprising personal data, their main reason for medical school choice and standard, validated questionnaires to measure their strength of motivation (Strength of Motivation for Medical School-Revised) and autonomous and controlled type of motivation (Academic Self-regulation Questionnaire)...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622215/influence-of-gender-on-the-performance-of-cardiopulmonary-rescue-teams-a-randomized-prospective-simulator-study
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Simon Adrian Amacher, Cleo Schumacher, Corinne Legeret, Franziska Tschan, Norbert Karl Semmer, Stephan Marsch, Sabina Hunziker
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the influence of gender on resuscitation performance which may improve future education in resuscitation. The aim of this study was to compare female and male rescuers in regard to cardiopulmonary resuscitation and leadership performance. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized simulator study. SETTING: High-fidelity patient simulator center of the medical ICU, University Hospitals Basel (Switzerland). SUBJECTS: Two hundred sixteen volunteer medical students (108 females and 108 males) of two Swiss universities in teams of three...
July 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619409/student-reflection-papers-on-a-global-clinical-experience-a-qualitative-study
#20
Carmi Z Margolis, Robert M Rohrbaugh, Luisa Tsang, Jennifer Fleischer, Mark J Graham, Anne Kellett, Janet P Hafler
BACKGROUND: Many of the 70,000 graduating US medical students [per year] have reported participating in a global health activity at some stage of medical school. This case study design provided a method for understanding the student's experience that included student's learning about culture, health disparities, exposure and reaction to a range of diseases actually encountered. The broad diversity of themes among students indicated that the GCE provided a flexible, personalized experience...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
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