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Medical student accountability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532328/pharmaceutical-entanglements-an-analysis-of-the-multiple-determinants-of-adhd-medication-effects-in-a-chilean-school
#1
Sebastian Rojas Navarro, Scott Vrecko
This article draws upon findings from ethnographic fieldwork conducted in a Chilean school to explore how the effects of globally circulating ADHD medications emerge within the localized contexts of everyday users. An analysis of observations of children on ADHD medications within classroom settings is developed which challenges the assumption, pervasive within biomedical paradigms, that the effects of such medications can be understood as resulting directly from their chemical properties and biological modes of action...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527683/association-of-val66met-polymorphism-at-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-gene-with-depression-among-chinese-adolescents-after-wenchuan-earthquake-an-18months-longitudinal-study
#2
Mei Fan, Rong Hui Li, Min Shan Hu, Li Ying Xiao, Xue Dong Zhou, Mao Sheng Ran, Ding Zhi Fang
To longitudinally investigate the association of Val66Met polymorphism at brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene (BDNF) with depression in Chinese Han adolescents after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, BDNF Val66Met was identified by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses and verified by DNA sequencing. Depression was assessed by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) among high school students at 6, 12 and 18months after the earthquake. The results showed that the females constantly had higher depression prevalence than the males during the follow-up in the Met allele carriers, but not in the Val/Val homozygotes...
May 17, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526512/privacy-trainee-rights-and-accountability-in-radiology-education
#3
REVIEW
Cory M Pfeifer
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Academic radiologists commonly hold multiple simultaneous roles within the landscape of physician training. This paper analyzes theoretical scenarios describing relationships between medical students, residents, and physician educators in radiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The scenarios presented involve medical student supervision, radiology resident recruitment, and resident termination with respect to relevant ethical, regulatory, and legal considerations...
March 28, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516340/social-studying-and-learning-among-medical-students-a%C3%A2-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Daniela Keren, Jocelyn Lockyer, Rachel H Ellaway
INTRODUCTION: Medical students study in social groups, which influence their learning, but few studies have investigated the characteristics of study groups and the impacts they have on students' learning. A scoping review was conducted on the topic of informal social studying and learning within medical education with the aim of appraising what is known regarding medical student attitudes to group study, the impact of group study on participants, and the methods that have been employed to study this...
May 17, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497985/examining-medical-student-specialty-choice-through-a-gender-lens-an-orientational-qualitative-study
#5
Victoria Smith, Cheri Bethune, Katrina F Hurley
Phenomenon: A growing number of women are entering the medical workforce, yet their distribution across medical specialties remains nonuniform. We sought to describe how culture, bias, and socialization shape gendered thinking regarding specialty choice at a Canadian undergraduate medical institution. APPROACH: We analyzed transcripts from the Career Choices Project: 16 semistructured focus group discussions with 70 students graduating from Memorial University of Newfoundland in 2003, 2006, 2007, and 2008...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492187/evaluation-and-association-of-serum-iron-and-ferritin-levels-in-children-with-dental-caries
#6
N S Venkatesh Babu, Parin Vasant Bhanushali
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia accounts for 90% of all types of anemia in the world. Although the prevalence has declined in recent years, it remains an important pediatric public health problem. Iron deficiency has also been associated with dental caries. It impairs salivary gland function causing reduced salivary secretion and buffering capacity leading to increased caries activity. AIM: The aim of the study is to explore an association between dental caries and serum levels of iron and ferritin in children aged 3-12 years...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489710/survival-guide-for-the-orthopaedic-surgery-match
#7
Scott E Porter, Charles M Jobin, T Sean Lynch, William N Levine
The process of matching into an orthopaedic surgery residency program can be daunting for medical students. Rumors, innuendo, urban myths, and electronic misinformation can accentuate the angst experienced by students both domestically and internationally. This article dispels myths and presents an up-to-date, evidence-based (where possible), and experience-laden road map to assist medical students interested in pursuing a career in orthopaedic surgery. Our framework takes into account the program selection, test scores, letters of recommendation, visiting rotations, interviews, and communication...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484355/the-students-viewpoint-on-quality-of-educational-services-in-iran
#8
Hasan Siamian, Farideh Rostami, Aliasghar Nadi Ghara, Ghassem Abedi
BACKGROUND: Recently, focusing on higher education quality has got increasingly critical. The novel managerial attitudes have defined the customer-demanded quality. Based on this, recognizing the receivers' perception of the quality of the services offered and evaluating the quality of the service is considered of the basic measures taken in order to develop quality promotion programs. Therefore, this is a qualitative research conducted for students' viewpoint on quality of educational services...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482895/influence-of-motivation-self-efficacy-and-situational-factors-on-the-teaching-quality-of-clinical-educators
#9
Christoph Dybowski, Susanne Sehner, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Being exposed to good teachers has been shown to enhance students' knowledge and their clinical performance, but little is known about the underlying psychological mechanisms that provide the basis for being an excellent medical teacher. Self-Determination Theory (SDT) postulates that more self-regulated types of motivation are associated with higher performance. Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) focuses on self-efficacy that has been shown to be positively associated with performance...
May 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468614/a-qualitative-thematic-content-analysis-of-medical-students-essays-on-professionalism
#10
So-Youn Park, Changwoo Shon, Oh Young Kwon, Tai Young Yoon, Ivo Kwon
BACKGROUND: Physicians in both Western and Eastern countries are being confronted by changes in health care delivery systems and medical professionalism values. The traditional concept of "In-Sul" (benevolent art) and the modern history of South Korea have led to cultural differences between South Korea and other countries in conceptualizing medical professionalism; thus, we studied medical students' perceptions of professionalism as described in essays written on this topic. METHODS: In 2014, we asked 109 first-year medical students who were enrolled in a compulsory ethics course to anonymously write a description of an instance of medical professionalism that they had witnessed, as well as reflecting on their own professional context...
May 3, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448780/integration-strategies-of-pharmacists-in-primary-care-based-accountable-care-organizations-a-report-from-the-accountable-care-organization-research-network-services-and-education
#11
Tina Joseph, Genevieve M Hale, Sara M Eltaki, Yesenia Prados, Renee Jones, Matthew J Seamon, Cynthia Moreau, Stephanie A Gernant
BACKGROUND: The accountable care organization (ACO) is an innovative health care delivery model centered on value-based care. ACOs consisting of primary care providers are increasingly becoming commonplace in practice; however, medication management remains suboptimal. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: As experts in medication management, pharmacists perform direct patient care and assist in the transition from one provider to another, which places them in an ideal position to manage multiple aspects of patient care...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445219/canadian-national-guidelines-and-recommendations-for-integrating-career-advising-into-medical-school-curricula
#12
Kelly Howse, June Harris, Nancy Dalgarno
Career planning, decision making about specialty choice, and preparation for residency matching are significant sources of stress for medical students. Attempts have been made to structure and formalize career advising by including it in accreditation standards. There is an expressed need for national guidelines on career advising for medical students. The Future of Medical Education in Canada Postgraduate (FMEC PG) Implementation Project was created to ensure Canadian medical trainees receive the best education possible...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439379/injuries-violence-and-bullying-among-middle-school-students-in-oman
#13
Richard P Peyton, Shamika Ranasinghe, Kathryn H Jacobsen
OBJECTIVES: Injuries account for a substantial proportion of the burden of disease in adolescents globally. This paper describes injury rates and associated exposures, and risk behaviors in Oman's 2010 Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS). METHODS: This study used complex samples analysis to examine nationally-representative data from 1 606 students in grades eight, nine, and 10 who participated in the 2010 Oman GSHS. RESULTS: In total, 34...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414414/response-to-medical-student-career-choice-comparing-the-social-accountability-of-canadian-and-american-medical-schools
#14
Michael R Peabody, Thomas R O'Neill, James C Puffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414413/medical-student-career-choice-comparing-the-social-accountability-of-canadian-and-american-medical-schools
#15
Calvin Gutkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410180/rotterdam-prostate-cancer-risk-calculator-development-and-usability-testing-of-the-mobile-phone-app
#16
Nuno Pereira-Azevedo, Luís Osório, Avelino Fraga, Monique J Roobol
BACKGROUND: The use of prostate cancer screening tools that take into account relevant prebiopsy information (ie, risk calculators) is recommended as a way of determining the risk of cancer and the subsequent need for a prostate biopsy. This has the potential to limit prostate cancer overdiagnosis and subsequent overtreatment. mHealth apps are gaining traction in urological practice and are used by both practitioners and patients for a variety of purposes. OBJECTIVE: The impetus of the study was to design, develop, and assess a smartphone app for prostate cancer screening, based on the Rotterdam Prostate Cancer Risk Calculator (RPCRC)...
January 6, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399856/factors-associated-with-staphylococcus-aureus-nasal-carriage-and-molecular-characteristics-among-the-general-population-at-a-medical-college-campus-in-guangzhou-south-china
#17
B J Chen, X Y Xie, L J Ni, X L Dai, Y Lu, X Q Wu, H Y Li, Y D Yao, S Y Huang
BACKGROUND: The nasal cavity is the main colonization site of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in human body. Nasal carriage may be a strong risk factor for some serious infection. There was still limited information about the nasal carriage for S. aureus in south China. METHODS: Sought to determine the prevalence and molecular characteristics of S. aureus nasal carriage, 295 volunteers residing on a medicine campus were investigated and sampled the nasal cavity swab...
April 11, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379091/public-health-matters-innovative-approaches-for-engaging-medical-students
#18
A Vyas, V C Rodrigues, R Ayres, P R Myles, E J Hothersall, H Thomas
BACKGROUND: Public health faces the paradox of being increasingly emphasized by the key health and social care regulators and stakeholders, while remaining a largely under-represented discipline in the context of medical curricula. Enhancing medical student engagement in public health teaching is one way to address this concern. METHODS: We discuss four key solutions to the challenges faced by public health educators in medical schools, and present five case studies which demonstrate innovative approaches to engaging medical students in our discipline...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379085/can-children-acting-as-simulated-patients-contribute-to-scoring-of-student-performance-in-an-osce
#19
Jonathan C Darling, Rebecca J M Bardgett, Matthew Homer
BACKGROUND: The voice of the child is increasingly recognized as important, as summed up in the Department of Health report "No decision about me, without me". In medical education, however, the child's voice is little heard: often in a pediatric OSCE, the examiner assigns a mark for the child. AIM: To explore whether children can contribute meaningfully to summative scoring of student performance. METHODS: We studied this in two phases: first we compared child scores (CSs) to examiner predictions of the child scores (EPCS), and other simulated patient (SP) scores within a single exam...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367461/analyzing-the-curriculum-of-the-faculty-of-medicine-university-of-gezira-using-harden-s-10-questions-framework
#20
Yasar Albushra Ahmed, Salma Alneel
INTRODUCTION: Despite the importance of curriculum analysis for internal refinement of a programme, the approach for such a step in under-described in the literature. This article describes the analysis of the medical curriculum at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Gezira (FMUG). This analysis is crucial in the era of innovative medical education since introducing new curricula and curricular changes has become a common occurrence in medical education worldwide. METHODS: The curriculum analysis was qualitatively approached using descriptive analysis and adopting Harden's 10 Questions of curriculum development framework approach...
April 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
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