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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572392/-and-you-ll-suddenly-realise-i-ve-not-washed-my-hands-medical-students-junior-doctors-and-medical-educators-narratives-of-hygiene-behaviours
#1
Penelope Cresswell, Lynn V Monrouxe
OBJECTIVE: Compliance to hygiene behaviours has long been recognised as important in the prevention and control of healthcare associated infections, but medical doctors still display some of the lowest rates of compliance of all healthcare workers. We aim to understand compliance to hygiene behaviours by analysing medical students', junior doctors' and medical educators' narratives of these behaviours to identify their respective attitudes and beliefs around compliance and how these are learnt during training...
March 22, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533104/integrated-curriculum-and-the-change-process-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#2
Sateesh B Arja, Sireesha B Arja, Raghavendrarao M Venkata, Abraham Nayakanti, Praveen Kottathveetil, Yogesh Acharya
INTRODUCTION: This study is aimed at explaining the change process followed for the implementation of the new curriculum at Avalon University School of Medicine and its evaluation. BACKGROUND: Self-evaluation at Avalon University School of Medicine identified the need for a change in the curriculum. The main reasons for the change are isolated disciplines and overcrowded curriculum leading to less self-study time for students. The new curriculum is aimed to have an integrated curriculum and to avoid redundancies...
March 13, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359416/hospital-policy-and-productivity-evidence-from-german-states
#3
Alexander Karmann, Felix Roesel
Total factor productivity (TFP) growth allows for additional healthcare services under restricted resources. We examine whether hospital policy can stimulate hospital TFP growth. We exploit variation across German federal states in the period 1993-2013. State governments decide on hospital capacity planning (number of hospitals, departments, and beds), ownership, medical students, and hospital investment funding. We show that TFP growth in German hospital care reflects quality improvements rather than increases in output volumes...
December 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024956/lessons-learned-from-piloting-mhealth-informatics-practice-curriculum-into-a-medical-elective
#4
Juanita Fernando, Jennifer Lindley
Introduction: This case study reports the development and delivery of an mHealth elective piloted for first-year undergraduate medical students at Monash University (Australia) and the lessons learned by designers. Results: The students were not as adept at using mHealth devices as the literature had predicted. Expert speakers using mHealth for practice perceptibly engaged students. Force-field analysis was a useful basis for devising end-user evaluative research tools for practice...
August 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019076/starting-a-medical-technology-venture-as-a-young-academic-innovator-or-student-entrepreneur
#5
REVIEW
Amir Manbachi, Katlin Kreamer-Tonin, Philipp Walch, Nao J Gamo, Parastoo Khoshakhlagh, Yu Shrike Zhang, Charles Montague, Soumyadipta Acharya, Elizabeth A Logsdon, Robert H Allen, Nicholas J Durr, Mark G Luciano, Nicholas Theodore, Henry Brem, Youseph Yazdi
Following the footprints of Bill Gates, Steve Jobs and Mark Zuckerberg, there has been a misconception that students are better off quitting their studies to bring to life their ideas, create jobs and monetize their inventions. Having historically transitioned from manpower to mind power, we live in one of the most rapidly changing times in human history. As a result, academic institutions that are supposed to be pioneers and educators of the next generations have started to realize that they need to adapt to a new system, and change their policies to be more flexible towards patent ownership and commercialization...
January 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789660/development-and-validation-of-the-medical-student-scholar-ideal-mentor-scale-mss-ims
#6
Stephen M Sozio, Kitty S Chan, Mary Catherine Beach
BACKGROUND: Programs encouraging medical student research such as Scholarly Concentrations (SC) are increasing nationally. However, there are few validated measures of mentoring quality tailored to medical students. We sought to modify and validate a mentoring scale for use in medical student research experiences. METHODS: SC faculty created a scale evaluating how medical students assess mentors in the research setting. A validated graduate student scale of mentorship, the Ideal Mentor Scale, was modified by selecting 10 of the 34 original items most relevant for medical students and adding an item on project ownership...
August 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780134/initial-validation-of-a-virtual-blood-draw-exposure-paradigm-for-fear-of-blood-and-needles
#7
Z Trost, A Jones, A Guck, T Vervoort, J M Kowalsky, C R France
Fear of blood, injections, and needles commonly prevents or delays individuals' receipt of health care, such as vaccines or blood draws. Innovative methods are needed to overcome these fears and reduce anxiety related to activities of this nature. The present study describes initial testing of an arm illusion paradigm that may prove useful during early phases of graded exposure for people with blood and needle fear. Seventy-four undergraduate students aged 18-29 years were tested. In line with study aims, results indicated that the virtual blood draw paradigm promoted strong perceptions of arm ownership and elicited significant changes in physiological indices (blood pressure, heart rate, electrodermal activity, respiratory rate) in response to key procedure elements (e...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658804/smartphone-the-new-learning-aid-amongst-medical-students
#8
Monika Y Gavali, Deepak S Khismatrao, Yogesh V Gavali, K B Patil
INTRODUCTION: The use of smartphone is increasing day by day for personal as well as professional purpose. They are becoming a more suitable tool for advancing education in developing countries. Mobile access to information and many applications are successfully harnessed in health care. Smartphones are also becoming popular as an effective educational tool. AIM: The present study was conducted to evaluate the use of smartphones as an educational tool amongst the medical students...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461633/should-dental-schools-train-dentists-to-routinely-provide-limited-preventive-primary-medical-care-two-viewpoints-viewpoint-1-dentists-should-be-trained-to-routinely-provide-limited-preventive-primary-care-and-viewpoint-2-dentists-should-be-trained-in-primary
#9
Donald B Giddon, R Bruce Donoff, Paul C Edwards, Lawrence I Goldblatt
This Point/Counterpoint acknowledges the transformation of dental practice from a predominantly technically based profession with primary emphasis on restoration of the tooth and its supporting structures to that of a more medically based specialty focusing on the oral and maxillofacial complex. While both viewpoints accept the importance of this transformation, they differ on the ultimate desired outcome and how changes should be implemented during training of dentists as oral health professionals. Viewpoint 1 argues that, in response to a shortage of both primary care providers and access to affordable oral health care, dentists need to be able and willing to provide limited preventive primary care (LPPC), and dental educators should develop and implement training models to prepare them...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230451/positive-medication-changes-resulting-from-comprehensive-and-noncomprehensive-medication-reviews-in-a-medicare-part-d-population
#10
Allison Buhl, Jill Augustine, Ann M Taylor, Rose Martin, Terri L Warholak
BACKGROUND: Health care organizations face the challenge of reducing costs while improving health outcomes. Currently, more than 39 million seniors are enrolled in a Medicare Part D prescription benefit plan, many of whom also qualify for medication therapy management (MTM) services. MTM programs provide valuable services designed to prevent or resolve medication-related problems (MRPs). Two core components of all MTM programs include comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs) with followup interventions and focused non-CMR interventions...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779509/the-learning-environment-counts-longitudinal-qualitative-analysis-of-study-strategies-adopted-by-first-year-medical-students-in-a-competency-based-educational-program
#11
S Beth Bierer, Elaine F Dannefer
PURPOSE: The move toward competency-based education will require medical schools and postgraduate training programs to restructure learning environments to motivate trainees to take personal ownership for learning. This qualitative study explores how medical students select and implement study strategies while enrolled in a unique, nontraditional program that emphasizes reflection on performance and competence rather than relying on high-stakes examinations or grades to motivate students to learn and excel...
November 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731853/students-perceptions-of-and-experiences-with-educational-technology-a-survey
#12
Kenneth Royal, Mari-Wells Hedgpeth, Dan McWhorter
BACKGROUND: It is generally assumed that incoming students in medical education programs will be better equipped for the "digital age" given their younger age and an educational upbringing in which technology was seemingly omnipresent. In particular, many assume that today's medical students are more likely to hold positive attitudes and increased comfortability with technology and possess greater information technology (IT) skills. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare responses of incoming veterinary medical students to a series of IT-related questions contained in a common questionnaire over the course of a 10-year period (2005-2015) to discern whether students' attitudes have improved and uses and comfortability with technology have increased as anticipated...
May 18, 2016: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559842/twelve-tips-on-setting-up-and-running-a-peer-led-medical-education-society
#13
Alex Fleming-Nouri, Dominic Crocombe, Yezen Sammaraiee
Peer-led teaching is an established paradigm with benefits for student teachers, learners and the wider medical community. Students are increasingly taking ownership of such teaching, which has fuelled the creation of new peer-led medical education societies at universities around the UK. Students wishing to undertake such an endeavor must contend with concerns over the quality of peer-led teaching, logistical challenges, lack of senior support and difficulties accessing relevant resources to design and appraise their initiatives...
December 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520909/comparison-of-internet-addiction-pattern-and-psychopathology-between-medical-and-dental-students
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sachin Ratan Gedam, Imran Ali Shivji, Arvind Goyal, Lipsy Modi, Santanu Ghosh
BACKGROUND: There has been an enormous use of internet among health professionals in the last decade. It has made significant changes in the health care system. Besides its several benefits, the excessive undisciplined use has led to the emergence of concept of internet addiction. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of our study were to estimate prevalence of internet addiction among medical and dental students; to determine association of internet use pattern and psychopathology between medical and dental internet addicted (IA) students...
August 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358548/establishing-medical-schools-in-limited-resource-settings
#15
REVIEW
Girma Tsinuel, Asaminew Tsedeke, Siebeck Matthias, Martin R Fischer, Fabian Jacobs, Desalegn Sebsibe, Mamo Yoseph, Haileamlak Abraham
INTRODUCTION: One urgent goal of countries in sub-Saharan Africa is to dynamically scale up the education and work force of medical doctors in the training institutions and health facilities, respectively. These countries face challenges related to the rapid scale up which is mostly done without proper strategic planning, without the basic elements of infrastructure development, educational as well as academic and administrative human resources. Medical education done in the context of limited resources is thus compromising the quality of graduates...
May 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339302/an-assessment-of-the-anatomical-knowledge-of-laypersons-and-their-attitudes-towards-the-clinical-importance-of-gross-anatomy-in-medicine
#16
Bernard John Moxham, Helen Hennon, Baptiste Lignier, Odile Plaisant
If it is accepted that increasingly we live within a consumerist society then axiomatically 'ownership' of medical training does not belong to political authorities (whether governmental or medical), nor to the medical profession, nor indeed to the teachers, educationalists and even the students but to the laypersons in society who are patients or potential patients (viz. the clients/recipients of medical care). As yet, however, there has been no attempt to evaluate how much anatomy laypersons know and what their attitudes are towards the importance of anatomy in medicine...
November 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234691/facilitating-secure-sharing-of-personal-health-data-in-the-cloud
#17
Danan Thilakanathan, Rafael A Calvo, Shiping Chen, Surya Nepal, Nick Glozier
BACKGROUND: Internet-based applications are providing new ways of promoting health and reducing the cost of care. Although data can be kept encrypted in servers, the user does not have the ability to decide whom the data are shared with. Technically this is linked to the problem of who owns the data encryption keys required to decrypt the data. Currently, cloud service providers, rather than users, have full rights to the key. In practical terms this makes the users lose full control over their data...
2016: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146222/preceptor-teaching-tips-in-longitudinal-clerkships
#18
Robyn Latessa, Anthony Schmitt, Norma Beaty, Stephen Buie, Lisa Ray
BACKGROUND: In longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs), the continuous preceptor and student relationship over time creates opportunities for more in-depth teaching approaches than shorter preceptorships allow. We identify student perceptions of the most effective teaching practices and develop tips for LIC preceptors. METHODS: The first four third-year medical student classes completing the Asheville LIC of the University of North Carolina School of Medicine (UNC SOM) formed the subject group...
June 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26950912/the-one-minute-learner-evaluation-of-a-new-tool-to-promote-discussion-of-medical-student-goals-and-expectations-in-clinical-learning-environments
#19
Miriam Hoffman, Molly Cohen-Osher
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transition from pre-clerkship to clerkship curriculum in medical school presents many challenges to students. Student roles and supervising physicians' expectations vary widely. Efforts to ease this transition have included third-year orientations, skills sessions, field- specific training, and peer-to-peer communication/support. We developed a new tool, called The One Minute Learner (OML), to promote and structure discussion of student goals and expectations and empower student ownership of learning...
March 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26798456/the-global-nephrology-workforce-emerging-threats-and-potential-solutions
#20
Muhammad U Sharif, Mohamed E Elsayed, Austin G Stack
Amidst the rising tide of chronic kidney disease (CKD) burden, the global nephrology workforce has failed to expand in order to meet the growing healthcare needs of this vulnerable patient population. In truth, this shortage of nephrologists is seen in many parts of the world, including North America, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Asia and the African continent. Moreover, expert groups on workforce planning as well as national and international professional organizations predict further reductions in the nephrology workforce over the next decade, with potentially serious implications...
February 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
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