keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Coronary artery bypass graft

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528054/surgical-management-of-simultaneous-left-coronary-atresia-and-anomalous-right-coronary-artery-origin
#1
Shyam Sathanandam, T K Susheel Kumar, Umar Boston, Christopher J Knott-Craig
A 9-year-old child presented with syncope during exercise. He received a diagnosis of congenital atresia of the left main coronary artery by angiography. He underwent successful coronary artery bypass grafting. On the third postoperative day, he experienced acute, precordial chest pain. An urgent computed tomographic scan showed an unrecognized anomalous origin of the right coronary artery (RCA) with a 1.5-cm intramural course. He was taken back to the operating room to undergo unroofing of the RCA. This case highlights the difficulty involved in making two rare diagnoses that can cause the same exact symptoms in a patient and the surgical challenges associated with it...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524833/promoting-vasa-vasorum-neovascularization-of-vein-grafts-extenuates-hypoxia-of-the-wall-and-its-subsequent-influence-on-intimal-hyperplasia
#2
Rong-Jiang Zou, Zheng-Hua Wang, Chen-Xi Wang, Song Xue
BACKGROUND: The autologous saphenous vein is the most common conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting, but the vein graft disease will occur. This study used Matrigel basement membrane matrix with many different growth factors to promote vasa vasorum neovascularization and extenuate the hypoxia to improve remodeling. METHODS: This study observed the hypoxia and thickness of the vein grafts at different times. Normal veins and vein grafts with 15 min of ischemia one day postoperatively were harvested in the neck of rabbits...
June 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523165/plasma-levels-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-in-patients-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#3
Haiqing Li, Zhize Yuan, Sen Li, Quan Qi, Jun Liu, Mi Zhou, Junfeng Cai, Anqing Chen, Zhe Wang, Xiaofeng Ye, Qiang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) has recently emerged as a risk predictor in patients with cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about the significance of increased plasma MMP9 in patients with perioperative myocardial injury. We aimed to investigate the role of MMP9 in the occurrence of myocardial injury during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). METHODS: A total of 34 consecutive patients with coronary artery diseases (CAD) were recruited in this prospective, observational study...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523031/myocardial-protection-with-glucose-insulin-potassium-infusion-during-adult-cardiac-surgery
#4
Suhail Ahmad, Rana Altaf Ahmad, Bilal Ahsan Qureshi, Mirza Ahmad Raza Baig
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Recent meta-analysis reports have called for more randomized trials to evaluate the effectiveness of GIK solution in patients of cardiac surgery. So this study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of Glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) solutions in non-diabetic patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: A total number of one hundred and sixty (160) patients were randomized into two equal groups; GIK Group and non-GIK group...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520861/influence-of-practice-patterns-on-outcome-among-countries-enrolled-in-the-syntax-trial-5-year-results-between-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-and-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting%C3%A2
#5
Milan Milojevic, Stuart J Head, Michael J Mack, Friedrich W Mohr, Marie-Claude Morice, Keith D Dawkins, David R Holmes, Patrick W Serruys, Arie Pieter Kappetein
OBJECTIVES: To examine differences among participating countries in baseline characteristics, clinical practice, medication strategies and outcomes of patients randomized to coronary artery bypass grafting and percutaneous coronary intervention in the SYNTAX trial. METHODS: In SYNTAX, centres in 18 different countries enrolled 1800 patients, of which 8 countries enrolled ≥80 patients, what was projected to be a large enough sample size to be included in the analysis...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515747/revascularization-in-ischemic-heart-failure-with-reduced-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-the-impact-of-complete-revascularization
#6
Łukasz Pyka, Michał Hawranek, Mariusz Gąsior
Heart failure is a growing problem worldwide, with coronary artery disease being the underlying cause of over two-thirds of cases. Revascularization in this group of patients may potentially inhibit the progressive damage to the myocardium and lead to improved outcomes, but data in this area are scarce. This article emphasizes the role of qualification for revascularization and selection of method (percutaneous coronary intervention vs. coronary artery bypass grafting) and subsequently focuses on the issue of completeness of revascularization in this group of patients...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515743/acute-phase-proteins-and-oxidative-stress-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-comparison-of-cardioplegia-strategy
#7
Dariusz Plicner, Jarosław Stoliński, Anna Rzucidło-Hymczak, Bogusław Kapelak, Anetta Undas
INTRODUCTION: Several strategies are still being introduced to cardiac surgery techniques to reduce the signs of the inflammatory response and oxidative stress. Many efforts have been made to develop the best possible method for myocardial protection. AIM: To assess the effect of the cardioplegia strategy on the systemic inflammatory response and oxidative stress. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 238 consecutive, elective on-pump coronary artery bypass graft patients (CABG; 183 men, aged 64...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515742/the-use-of-intraoperative-epiaortic-ultrasonography-in-monitoring-patients-over-75-years-old-treated-with-aortic-valve-replacement
#8
Tomasz Niklewski, Michał Zembala, Dariusz Puszczewicz, Paweł Nadziakiewicz, Wojciech Karolak, Marian Zembala
INTRODUCTION: Epiaortic ultrasound scanning (EAS) extended the use of ultrasound to the intraoperative diagnosis of aortic pathology. Surgical palpation of the ascending aorta underestimates the presence and severity of atherosclerotic plaques. Epiaortic ultrasound scanning has been used as an adjunct to transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) or as a primary direct diagnostic tool for imaging the ascending aorta as well as the aortic arch, which gained prominence as part of a multipronged intraoperative strategy to reduce atherosclerotic emboli...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514396/-long-term-results-of-different-approaches-to-revascularization-in-non-st-segment-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-multiple-coronary-atherosclerosis
#9
V I Ganyukov, R S Tarasov, Yu N Neverova, N A Kochergin, O L Barbarash, L S Barbarash
AIM: To assess the long-term results of different approaches to treating patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE ACS) and multivessel coronary artery disease (MVCAD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 150 patients with NSTE ACS, in whom coronary angiography revealed MVCAD, were examined. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to the selected treatment policy: 1) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (n=91 (60.6%)); 2) coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (n=40 (26...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514319/prospective-external-validation-of-three-preoperative-risk-scores-for-prediction-of-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-after-cardiac-surgery
#10
Matthew J Cameron, Diem T T Tran, Jean Abboud, Ethan K Newton, Houman Rashidian, Jean-Yves Dupuis
BACKGROUND: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is associated with early and late morbidity and mortality of cardiac surgical patients. Prophylactic treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been recommended to improve outcome in cardiac surgical patients at high risk of developing POAF. Reliable models for prediction of POAF are needed to achieve that goal. This study attempted to externally validate 3 risk models proposed for preoperative prediction of POAF in cardiac surgical patients: the POAF score, the CHA2DS2-VASc score, and the Atrial Fibrillation Risk Index...
May 12, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512422/acute-onset-ocular-hypotony-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#11
Sarah Farukhi Ahmed, Audrey Xi Tai, Mason Schmutz, John Combs, Sameh Mosaed
IMPORTANCE: The purpose of this case report is to evaluate risk factors associated with post-coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) ocular hypotony compared to post-CABG ischemic optic neuropathy. OBSERVATIONS: The patient described here is a single case at the University of California, Irvine Medical Center, from July 2016. This case demonstrates the rare incidence of acute post-CABG ocular hypotony and vision loss in a patient with prior history of optic atrophy...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511656/a-randomized-comparison-of-flow-characteristics-of-semiskeletonized-and-pedicled-internal-thoracic-artery-preparations-in-coronary-artery-bypass
#12
Opas Satdhabudha, Narupa Noppawinyoowong
BACKGROUND: Harvesting the internal thoracic artery (ITA) with semiskeletonization is an alternative technique between conventional wide pedicle and skeletonization. It is almost as simple as pedicle harvesting; however, it is supposed to provide the advantage of graft flow and length. Since the heart is unique being the only organ which is perfused during diastole, for comparing the intraoperative graft flow characteristics of semiskeletonization and pedicle technique, we used diastolic filling (DF) using transit-time flow measurement as a primary result...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511435/agreement-and-correlation-between-arterial-and-central-venous-blood-gas-following-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#13
Masoumeh Esmaeilivand, Alireza Khatony, Gholamreza Moradi, Farid Najafi, Alireza Abdi
INTRODUCTION: Arterial blood sampling, used to assess patients in acute conditions, may result in complications such as thrombosis and embolism. However, it can be replaced by venous blood sampling, but there is a dearth of information on this. AIM: To assess the correlation and agreement between the arterial and central venous blood gases analyses in patients undergoing elective Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 100 ICU patients undergoing elective CABG surgery were recruited...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507572/transient-dilutional-acidosis-but-no-lactic-acidosis-upon-cardiopulmonary-bypass-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#14
Johanna Katharina Teloh, Daniel-Sebastian Dohle, Serhat Sönmez, Konstantinos Tsagakis, Rabea Verhaegh, Miriam Petersen, Heinz Jakob, Herbert de Groot
INTRODUCTION: Dilutional acidosis may result from the introduction of a large fluid volume into the patients' systemic circulation, resulting in a considerable dilution of endogenous bicarbonate in the presence of a constant carbon dioxide partial pressure. Its significance or even existence, however, has been strongly questioned. Blood gas samples of patients operated on with standard cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were analyzed in order to provide further evidence for the existence of dilutional acidosis...
April 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507570/scai-atrial-natriuretic-peptide-gene-polymorphisms-and-their-possible-association-with-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-a-preliminary-report
#15
Janusz Siebert, Łukasz Lewicki, Jolanta Myśliwska, Monika Młotkowska, Jan Rogowski
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequently encountered complication after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), but its underlying mechanisms are still unclear. The natriuretic peptides have been reported as markers for predicting the occurrence of postoperative AF. This study evaluates whether the ScaI ANP gene polymorphisms predict the occurrence of postoperative AF. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study of 203 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease undergoing elective CABG was undertaken for atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) ScaI gene polymorphism...
April 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506674/removal-of-an-infected-hip-arthroplasty-is-a-high-risk-surgery-putting-morbidity-into-context-with-other-major-nonorthopedic-operations
#16
James A Browne, Jourdan M Cancienne, Wendy M Novicoff, Brian C Werner
BACKGROUND: Two-stage revision remains the most common approach to periprosthetic joint infection of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in the United States. The postoperative risks associated with removal of an infected prosthesis and placement of a spacer have not been thoroughly studied. METHODS: Patients who underwent THA implant removal and spacer placement for infection were identified in a large administrative database. Morbidity and mortality rates were assessed for the 90-day postoperative period and readmission rates were assessed at 30 days postoperatively...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506476/adherence-to-lipid-management-guidelines-is-associated-with-lower-mortality-and-major-adverse-limb-events-in-patients-undergoing-revascularization-for-chronic-limb-threatening-ischemia
#17
Thomas F X O'Donnell, Sarah E Deery, Jeremy D Darling, Katie E Shean, Murray A Mittleman, Gabrielle N Yee, Matthew R Dernbach, Marc L Schermerhorn
OBJECTIVE: The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association lipid management guidelines recommend high-intensity statins for all patients ≤75 years old with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) and moderate-intensity statins for CLTI patients >75 years old without contraindications or on dialysis, but these recommendations are based primarily on coronary and stroke data. We aimed to validate these guidelines in patients with CLTI and to assess current adherence to these recommendations...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506458/impact-of-postoperative-hypothermia-on-outcomes-in-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-patients
#18
Pey-Jen Yu, Hugh A Cassiere, Nina Kohn, Allan Mattia, Alan R Hartman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of postoperative hypothermia on outcomes in coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) patients. DESIGN: A retrospective study was performed on patients who underwent isolated CABG between 2011 and 2014. SETTING: Single-center study at a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: All patients who underwent isolated CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass between 2011 and 2014. INTERVENTIONS: Patients underwent isolated CABG on cardiopulmonary bypass...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506276/redo-coronary-bypass-grafting-for-congenital-left-main-coronary-atresia-a-case-report
#19
Shin Yajima, Koichi Toda, Hiroyuki Nishi, Daisuke Yoshioka, Teruya Nakamura, Shigeru Miyagawa, Yasushi Yoshikawa, Satsuki Fukushima, Yoshiki Sawa
BACKGROUND: Congenital left main coronary atresia is an extremely rare coronary anomaly. Long-term surgical outcomes and the optimal management strategies for recurrence of ischemia remain uncertain. Herein, we present a case involving successful redo coronary artery bypass grafting for unstable angina 27 years after the initial coronary artery bypass grafting for congenital left main coronary atresia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 33-year-old woman was referred to our department with unstable angina...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505628/markers-of-intestinal-damage-and-their-relation-to-cytokine-levels-in-cardiac-surgery-patients
#20
Quirine L M Habes, Vera Linssen, Suzan Nooijen, Dorien Kiers, Jelle Gerretsen, Peter Pickkers, Gert Jan Scheffer, Matthijs Kox
OBJECTIVES: In patients undergoing cardiac surgery, both extracorporeal circulation (ECC) and intraoperative mesenterial hypoperfusion may account for increased cytokine levels and lead to postoperative gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. METHODS: We investigated levels of the intestinal damage markers intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP in plasma [n = 72] and urine [n = 37]), citrulline (in plasma [n = 35]), and claudin-3 (in urine [n = 37]) in patients undergoing aortic or mitral valve surgery with or without coronary artery bypass grafting...
June 2017: Shock
keyword
keyword
44477
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"