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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908650/musculoskeletal-conditions-in-a-pediatric-population-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#1
Courtney M Stern, Michael J Pepin, Joan M Stoler, Dennis E Kramer, Samantha A Spencer, Cynthia J Stein
OBJECTIVE: To describe musculoskeletal conditions in children with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective medical record review was performed, which evaluated 205 patients with EDS (ages 6-19 years) seen in sports medicine or orthopedic clinic at a large pediatric hospital over a 5-year period. RESULTS: Female (n = 147) and male (n = 57) patients were identified (mean age 12.7 years). The most common EDS subtype (55...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907962/critical-care-of-traumatic-cervical-spinal-cord-injuries-preventing-secondary-injury
#2
Gary Schwartzbauer, Deborah Stein
The incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) has not changed much over the years due to an aging population suffering falls, yet advances have been made in quality of life and survival time. In addition to initial medical and surgical stabilization, modern intensive care unit (ICU) care throughout the critical early period following SCI is essential to avoid continued secondary injury to the spinal cord. Cervical SCI patients are particularly prone and sensitive to periods of cardiovascular instability and respiratory failure directly resulting from their injuries...
December 2016: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901411/injury-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-mining-smelting-and-refining-workers-in-ontario
#3
Colin J Berriault, Nancy E Lightfoot, Steven K Seilkop, Bruce R Conard
Injury mortality was followed up from 1950 to 2000 in a cohort of 56,576 nickel workers. Injury fatalities were elevated throughout the cohort of never sinter plant workers (SMR = 134, 95% CI: 129-140). Elevations were also observed in injury mortality sub-categories of road, rail, and air (SMR = 137, 95% CI: 127-147); boating and swimming (SMR = 150, 95% CI: 128-176); suicide and possible suicide (SMR = 124, 95% CI: 114-135); and possibly job-related accidents (SMR = 160, 95% CI: 145-175). The results were largely attributed to underground miners with 61...
November 30, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900197/research-priorities-of-international-sporting-federations-and-the-ioc-research-centres
#4
Caroline F Finch, Scott Talpey, Ashley Bradshaw, Torbjorn Soligard, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND/AIM: To be fully effective, the prevention of injury in sport and promotion of athlete's health needs to be both targeted and underpinned by scientific evidence. This study aimed to identify the research priorities of International Sporting Federation (ISFs) compared to the current research focus of the International Olympic Committee Research Centres (IOC-RCs). METHODS: Online survey of ISF Medical Chairpersons (n=22, 69% response) and IOC-RC Directors (n=7, 78% response)...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900178/self-reported-worst-injuries-in-women-s-australian-football-identify-lower-limb-injuries-as-a-prevention-priority
#5
Lauren V Fortington, Alex Donaldson, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: Increasing participation by women in Australian football (AF) has made understanding their specific injury prevention needs a priority. In other sports, men and women have different injury profiles. This study aims to provide the first overview of self-reported injuries in women's AF. METHODS: Nationwide survey of women aged 17+ years who played in an AF competition was conducted following the 2014 playing season. The players' self-reported worst injury from the 2014 season is presented according to injury type, body part injured, treatment sought and games/training missed...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900171/priorities-for-injury-prevention-in-women-s-australian-football-a-compilation-of-national-data-from-different-sources
#6
Lauren V Fortington, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND/AIM: Participation in Australian football (AF) has traditionally been male dominated and current understanding of injury and priorities for prevention are based solely on reports of injuries in male players. There is evidence in other sports that indicates that injury types differ between males and females. With increasing participation in AF by females, it is important to consider their specific injury and prevention needs. This study aimed to provide a first injury profile from existing sources for female AF...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900158/injury-prevention-exercise-programmes-in-professional-youth-soccer-understanding-the-perceptions-of-programme-deliverers
#7
James O'Brien, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: There are well-known challenges to implementing injury prevention strategies in amateur soccer, but information from other soccer settings is scarce. This cross-sectional survey analysed the injury prevention perceptions of soccer coaches, fitness coaches and physiotherapists from 4 male teams in a professional youth soccer academy. METHODS: The respondents (n=18) completed a web-based survey relating to lower limb (LL) soccer injuries, the value and practicality of injury prevention exercise programmes (IPEPs) in general and, more specifically, the IPEP endorsed by FIFA, the FIFA 11+...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900149/video-analysis-of-concussion-injury-mechanism-in-under-18-rugby
#8
Sharief Hendricks, Sam O'Connor, Michael Lambert, James C Brown, Nicholas Burger, Sarah Mc Fie, Clint Readhead, Wayne Viljoen
BACKGROUND: Understanding the mechanism of injury is necessary for the development of effective injury prevention strategies. Video analysis of injuries provides valuable information on the playing situation and athlete-movement patterns, which can be used to formulate these strategies. Therefore, we conducted a video analysis of the mechanism of concussion injury in junior-level rugby union and compared it with a representative and matched non-injury sample. METHODS: Injury reports for 18 concussion events were collected from the 2011 to 2013 under-18 Craven Week tournaments...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900148/the-efficacy-of-a-movement-control-exercise-programme-to-reduce-injuries-in-youth-rugby-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
M D Hislop, K A Stokes, S Williams, C D McKay, M England, S P T Kemp, G Trewartha
BACKGROUND: Injuries to youth rugby players have become an increasingly prominent health concern, highlighting the importance of developing and implementing appropriate preventive strategies. A growing body of evidence from other youth sports has demonstrated the efficacy of targeted exercise regimens to reduce injury risk. However, studies have yet to investigate the effect of such interventions in youth contact sport populations like rugby union. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of an evidence-based movement control exercise programme compared with a sham exercise programme to reduce injury risk in youth rugby players...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895590/brain-functional-connectivity-is-different-during-voluntary-concentric-and-eccentric-muscle-contraction
#10
Wan X Yao, Zhiguo Jiang, Jinqi Li, Changhao Jiang, Crystal G Franlin, Jack L Lancaster, Yufei Huang, Guang H Yue
Previous studies report greater activation in the cortical motor network in controlling eccentric contraction (EC) than concentric contraction (CC) of human skeletal muscles despite lower activation level of the muscle associated with EC. It is unknown, however, whether the strength of functional coupling between the primary motor cortex (M1) and other involved areas in the brain differs as voluntary movements are controlled by a network of regions in the primary, secondary and association cortices. Examining fMRI-based functional connectivity (FC) offers an opportunity to measure strength of such coupling...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893486/rankings-of-high-school-sports-injury-rates-differ-based-on-time-loss-assessments
#11
Zachary Y Kerr, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Stephen W Marshall
OBJECTIVE: To examine how injury definition inclusiveness affects the rank order of injury rates in 27 high school (HS) sports. DESIGN: The National Athletic Treatment, Injury and Outcomes Network (NATION) used certified athletic trainers (ATs) to collect injury and athlete-exposure (AE) data in practices and competitions for 27 HS sports during the 2011/2012 to 2013/2014 academic years. Time loss (TL) injuries resulted in ≥24 hours of participation restriction...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892431/childhood-injury-prevention-in-post-epidemiological-transition-in-nepal
#12
S K Joshi, P R Pant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890700/biochanin-a-attenuates-neuropathic-pain-in-diabetic-rats
#13
Venkateswarlu Chundi, Siva Reddy Challa, Devala Rao Garikapati, Giridhar Juvva, Anusha Jampani, Sree Harsha Pinnamaneni, Sahithi Venigalla
BACKGROUND: Soya supplements are used in the treatment of neuropathic pain. Previous reports reveal that consumption of soy diet before nerve injury prevents the development of neuropathic pain in rats. Biochanin-A, a soy isoflavone, has a naturally occurring inhibitor of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) that metabolized endocannabinoids. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate efficacy of biochanin-A in streptozotocin (STZ) induced neuropathic pain in rat model...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890132/the-stage-of-change-approach-for-implementing-ergonomics-advice-translating-research-into-practice
#14
Paul Rothmore, Paul Aylward, Jodi Oakman, David Tappin, Jodi Gray, Jonathan Karnon
The Stage of Change (SOC) approach has been proposed as a method to improve the implementation of ergonomics advice. However, despite evidence for its efficacy there is little evidence to suggest it has been adopted by ergonomics consultants. This paper investigates barriers and facilitators to the implementation, monitoring and effectiveness of ergonomics advice and the adoption of the SOC approach in a series of focus groups and a subsequent survey of members of the Human Factors Societies of Australia and New Zealand...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888213/coach-directed-education-is-associated-with-injury-prevention-behaviour-in-players-an-ecological-cross-sectional-study
#15
James C Brown, Sugnet Gardner-Lubbe, Michael Ian Lambert, Willem van Mechelen, Evert Verhagen
BACKGROUND/AIM: Rugby union ('rugby') presents an above-average risk of injury to participants. BokSmart is a South African nationwide intervention that aims to reduce rugby-related injuries in players. This is achieved by educating coaches and referees to improve injury behaviour of players. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess if the receipt of injury-prevention education was associated with player behaviour. METHODS: Junior (n=2279) and senior (n=1642) players, who attended merit-based South African Rugby tournaments (2008-2012), completed an anonymous questionnaire...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886844/hand-and-wrist-injuries-in-boxing-and-the-martial-arts
#16
REVIEW
Benjamin Todd Drury, Thomas P Lehman, Ghazi Rayan
Hand and wrist injuries in martial arts are typically a reflection of the combat nature of this discipline. In striking sports, the axial load mechanism of injury is common and causes fractures and dislocations; in grappling sports, sprain injuries and degenerative changes predominate. There is clear evidence to support that hand protection reduces the risk of hand injury. Traditional training in martial arts on proper technique and target selection in striking sports reduces the risk of hand injury, and is an important component of hand and wrist injury prevention...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886827/treating-the-football-athlete-coaches-perspective-from-the-university-of-michigan
#17
REVIEW
Kevin C Chung, Meghan E Lark, Paul S Cederna
Although football is one of the most popular sports in America, its high injury incidence places concern on the injury prevention and safety of its players. This article investigates the perspectives of two National Collegiate Athletic Association Division 1 football coaches on promoting injury management and player safety while maintaining a highly competitive team. Through obtaining their coaching philosophy team management topics, effective strategies that contribute to a team culture prioritizing player well-being were identified...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884941/developing-predictive-models-for-return-to-work-using-the-military-power-performance-and-prevention-mp3-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-algorithm-a-study-protocol-for-an-injury-risk-assessment-programme
#18
Daniel I Rhon, Deydre S Teyhen, Scott W Shaffer, Stephen L Goffar, Kyle Kiesel, Phil P Plisky
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are a primary source of disability in the US Military, and low back pain and lower extremity injuries account for over 44% of limited work days annually. History of prior musculoskeletal injury increases the risk for future injury. This study aims to determine the risk of injury after returning to work from a previous injury. The objective is to identify criteria that can help predict likelihood for future injury or re-injury. METHODS: There will be 480 active duty soldiers recruited from across four medical centres...
November 24, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882762/-the-possibility-of-antepartal-prevention-of-episiotomy-and-perineal-tears-during-delivery
#19
P Bohatá, L Dostálek
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of antepartal methods on the prevention of birth injuries in primiparous women. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Nemocnice Český Krumlov, a.s. METHODS: Between February 2014 and November 2015 were 315 primiparous women questioned after a vaginal delivery on the use of methods of birth injury prevention (vaginal dilatators EPI-NO and Aniball, perineal massage, natural methods - raspberry-leaf tea or linseed)...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880849/loading-patterns-of-the-posterior-cruciate-ligament-in-the-healthy-knee-a-systematic-review
#20
S H Hosseini Nasab, Renate List, Katja Oberhofer, Sandro F Fucentese, Jess G Snedeker, William R Taylor
BACKGROUND: The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is the strongest ligament of the knee, serving as one of the major passive stabilizers of the tibio-femoral joint. However, despite a number of experimental and modelling approaches to understand the kinematics and kinetics of the ligament, the normal loading conditions of the PCL and its functional bundles are still controversially discussed. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to generate science-based evidence for understanding the functional loading of the PCL, including the anterolateral and posteromedial bundles, in the healthy knee joint through systematic review and statistical analysis of the literature...
2016: PloS One
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