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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140637/hazard-identification-and-risk-assessment-for-improving-farm-safety-on-canadian-farms
#1
Hassan S Chattha, Kenneth W Corscadden, Qamar U Zaman
Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries worldwide. The number of serious accidents on farms, despite sophisticated technology, development of effective prevention methods, and high-quality training and improved skill levels of farmers, is still very high. The purpose of this study was to develop and apply a generic farm safety protocol to hazards that have been identified in previously published literature and demonstrate the potential benefits of such a protocol with a view to raising awareness of farm safety...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140190/evaluation-of-a-shoulder-injury-prevention-program-in-wheelchair-basketball
#2
Jereme Wilroy, Elizabeth Hibberd
CONTEXT: Previous literature has theorized that alterations in shoulder physical characteristics are present in wheelchair athletes and contribute to shoulder pain and injury. Limited empirical evidence is present that evaluates the effectiveness of a shoulder injury prevention program focusing on improving these altered characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-week intervention program at improving characteristics that increases the risk of developing pain or shoulder injury...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138604/sport-related-anxiety-current-insights
#3
REVIEW
Jessica L Ford, Kenneth Ildefonso, Megan L Jones, Monna Arvinen-Barrow
To date, much research has been devoted to understanding how anxiety can affect sport performance, both in practice and in competitive settings. It is well known that sport has the potential for high levels of stress and anxiety, and that practicing and employing a range of psychological strategies can be beneficial in anxiety management. Equally, growing evidence also suggests that anxiety can play a role in sport injury prevention, occurrence, rehabilitation, and the return to sport process. The purpose of this paper is to provide current insights into sport-related anxiety...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135637/triathlon-injuries-transitioning-from-prevalence-to-prediction-and-prevention
#4
Carolyn M Kienstra, Tristen R Asken, Jennifer D Garcia, Vanessa Lara, Thomas M Best
The Ironman triathlon began in Hawaii in 1978 with 50 participants. Since then, the race has continued to grow in popularity. Injuries are very common among triathletes. Studies have looked at the relationship between injuries and many different factors. Sex, age, and morphological characteristics, such as height, weight, and body mass index, have not been shown to correlate with injury. The association between training volume and injury has shown inconsistent results. This could be due to multiple factors in study design including definitions and evaluation of training volume...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130536/adoption-and-use-of-an-injury-prevention-exercise-programme-in-female-football-a-qualitative-study-among-coaches
#5
H Lindblom, S Carlfjord, M Hägglund
This study focuses on an injury prevention exercise programme (IPEP), Knee Control, which has been shown to reduce the incidence of acute knee injury in female adolescent football players. The aim was to explore the factors influencing coaches' adoption and use of Knee Control within female football in Sweden. This was a qualitative study involving interviews with 20 strategically selected coaches for female football teams, predominantly adolescent teams. The semi-structured interview guide was influenced by the Health Belief Model, and an ecological perspective was adopted during the interviews...
November 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129715/reducing-barriers-to-healthy-weight-planned-and-responsive-adaptations-to-a-lifestyle-intervention-to-serve-people-with-impaired-mobility
#6
Andrea C Betts, Katherine Froehlich-Grobe, Simon Driver, Danielle Carlton, M Kaye Kramer
BACKGROUND: People with impaired mobility (IM) disabilities have a higher prevalence of obesity and obesity-related chronic conditions; however, lifestyle interventions that address the unique needs of people with IM are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes an adapted evidence-based lifestyle intervention developed through community-based participatory research (CBPR). METHODS: Individuals with IM, health professionals, disability group representatives, and researchers formed an advisory board to guide the process of thoroughly adapting the Diabetes Prevention Program Group Lifestyle Balance (DPP GLB) intervention after a successful pilot in people with IM...
October 27, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129335/military-human-performance-optimization-and-injury-prevention-strategies-for-the-21st-century-warfighter
#7
EDITORIAL
Bradley C Nindl, Kim Beals, Jeremy Witchalls, Karl E Friedl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127114/compared-with-what-estimating-the-effects-of-injury-prevention-policies-using-the-synthetic-control-method
#8
Carl Bonander
INTRODUCTION: This paper discusses the application of the synthetic control method to injury-related interventions using aggregate data from public information systems. The method selects and determines the optimal control unit in the data by minimising the difference between the pre-intervention outcomes in one treated unit (eg, a state) and a weighted combination of potential control units. METHOD: I demonstrate the synthetic control method by an application to Florida's post-2010 policy and law enforcement initiatives aimed at bringing down opioid overdose deaths...
November 10, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125037/an-audit-of-injuries-in-six-english-professional-soccer-academies
#9
Paul J Read, Jon L Oliver, Mark B A De Ste Croix, Gregory D Myer, Rhodri S Lloyd
Regulations now state that professional academies in the United Kingdom are required to substantially increase the volume of soccer training. This study assessed the current injury occurrence, providing an update to reports published prior to the introduction of the Elite Player Performance Plan (EPPP). 608 soccer players aged 11-18 years from six professional soccer clubs were prospectively monitored, recording injuries during the 2014-2015 season. An injury rate of 1.32 injuries per player/season was indicated with a mean time loss of 21...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122191/identifying-interactive-effects-of-task-demands-in-lifting-on-estimates-of-in-vivo-low-back-joint-loads
#10
Chad E Gooyers, Tyson A C Beach, David M Frost, Samuel J Howarth, Jack P Callaghan
This investigation examined interactions between the magnitude of external load, movement speed and (a)symmetry of load placement on estimates of in vivo joint loading in the lumbar spine during simulated occupational lifting. Thirty-two participants with manual materials handling experience were included in the study. Three-dimensional motion data, ground reaction forces, and activation of six bilateral trunk muscle groups were captured while participants performed lifts with two loads at two movement speeds and using two load locations...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119222/the-influence-of-an-injury-prevention-program-on-young-road-users-a-german-experience
#11
Thomas Brockamp, Paola Koenen, Michael Caspers, Bertil Bouillon, Michael Köhler, Uli Schmucker
PURPOSE: Trauma remains a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in youth. The Prevent Alcohol and Risk Related Trauma in Youth (P.A.R.T.Y.) program is an injury prevention program. The aim of the study was to analyze the influence on risk-taking behaviors and risk awareness on young road users by a pre-post-questionnaire. METHODS: A pre-post intervention study was performed using a standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire contained three sections with different items (in total 22) to identify differences regarding students' risk behavior and risk awareness...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117074/context-for-practice-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-pouching-techniques-for-neonates-wait-time-for-patients-with-soiled-pads-and-pressure-injury-prevention-with-use-of-indwelling-rectal-devices
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116573/an-evidence-based-framework-for-strengthening-exercises-to-prevent-hamstring-injury
#13
REVIEW
Matthew N Bourne, Ryan G Timmins, David A Opar, Tania Pizzari, Joshua D Ruddy, Casey Sims, Morgan D Williams, Anthony J Shield
Strength training is a valuable component of hamstring strain injury prevention programmes; however, in recent years a significant body of work has emerged to suggest that the acute responses and chronic adaptations to training with different exercises are heterogeneous. Unfortunately, these research findings do not appear to have uniformly influenced clinical guidelines for exercise selection in hamstring injury prevention or rehabilitation programmes. The purpose of this review was to provide the practitioner with an evidence-base from which to prescribe strengthening exercises to mitigate the risk of hamstring injury...
November 7, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115004/evaluation-of-a-multifactorial-approach-to-reduce-the-prevalence-of-pressure-injuries-in-regional-australian-acute-inpatient-care-settings
#14
Sarah K Smith, Samantha E Ashby, Lynette Thomas, Felicity Williams
The aim of the study was to compare the changes in the prevalence of pressure injuries from 2008 to 2014 in relation to staff behaviour in acute/subacute inpatient care settings. In 2008, the large regional health district Hunter New England Local Health District implemented an initiative called the Crystal Model which resulted in changes in their policy and an e-learning education program for all nursing staff. A retrospective cross sectional study compared data from the 2008, 2010 and 2014 point prevalence surveys of PI in acute services...
November 7, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114714/child-injury-surveillance-capabilities-in-nsw-informing-policy-and-practice
#15
Rebecca Mitchell, Luke Testa
Injury is one of the most common reasons why a child is hospitalised. Information gained from injury surveillance activities provides an estimate of the injury burden, describes injury event circumstances, can be used to monitor injury trends over time, and is used to design and evaluate injury prevention activities. This perspective article provides an overview of child injury surveillance capabilities within New South Wales (NSW), Australia, following a stocktake of population-based injury-related data collections using the Evaluation Framework for Injury Surveillance Systems...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114527/effects-of-special-exercise-programs-on-functional-movement-screen-scores-and-injury-prevention-in-preprofessional-young-football-players
#16
Engin Dinc, Bekir Eray Kilinc, Muge Bulat, Yunus Turgay Erten, Bülent Bayraktar
To increase movement capacity and to reduce injury risk in young soccer players by implementing a special functional exercise program based on functional movement screen (FMS) and correctives. 67 young male athletes 14-19 years of age from a Super League Football Club Academy participated in the study. Functional movement patterns were evaluated with FMS assessment protocol. Deep squat, hurdle step, inline lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight leg raise, trunk stability push-up, and rotatory stability were examined in FMS...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114512/the-runsmart-training-program-effect-on-oxygen-consumption-and-lower-extremity-biomechanics-during-running
#17
Jennifer Bogulski, Steven Gonser, Doug Bush, Rachel Bugner, Lindsey Clark, Lisa Farrell, Kristen Swanson, Michael David Ross
As recreational running continues to gain popularity, more individuals are seeking ways to improve running performance. RunSmart is a running intervention program designed to enhance a runner's form. In addition to correcting flaws in a runner's form, RunSmart offers the opportunity for runners to continue a regular regimen while slowly integrating changes in form. The purpose of this case series was twofold: to determine if the RunSmart program coincides with improvements in oxygen consumption (VO2), a variable often associated with better running performance times, and to evaluate the RunSmart program in regard to enhancing gait biomechanics...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112882/age-related-patterns-in-work-related-injury-claims-from-older-new-zealanders-2009-2013-implications-of-injury-for-an-aging-workforce
#18
Rebbecca Lilley, Chrystal Jaye, Gabrielle Davie, Sally Keeling, Debra Waters, Richard Egan
OBJECTIVES: This study describes the incidence, nature and cause of work-related injuries in older New Zealand workers to understand the risks of work-related injury in this rapidly aging population. METHODS: Data for the period 2009-2013 from 25,455 injured workers aged 55-79 years, extracted from national work-related injury entitlement claims, were stratified by age group and analysed by sex, industry, injury type and cause. Age-specific claims rates were calculated by year, sex and ethnicity...
November 4, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111081/timing-of-mortality-in-pediatric-trauma-patients-a-national-trauma-data-bank-analysis
#19
Cory McLaughlin, Jessica A Zagory, Michael Fenlon, Caron Park, Christianne J Lane, Daniella Meeker, Randall S Burd, Henri R Ford, Jeffrey S Upperman, Aaron R Jensen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The classic "trimodal" distribution of death has been described in adult patients, but the timing of mortality in injured children is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to define the temporal distribution of mortality in pediatric trauma patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of patients with mortality from the National Trauma Data Bank (2007-2014) was analyzed. Categorical comparison of 'dead on arrival', 'death in the emergency department', and early (≤24h) or late (>24h) inpatient death was performed...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103913/mitigating-the-risk-of-musculoskeletal-injury-a-systematic-review-of-the-most-effective-injury-prevention-strategies-for-military-personnel
#20
Sophie L Wardle, Julie P Greeves
OBJECTIVES: To update the current injury prevention strategy evidence base for making recommendations to prevent physical training-related musculoskeletal injury. DESIGN: We conducted a systematic review to update the evidence base on injury prevention strategies for military personnel. METHODS: Literature was systematically searched and extracted from five databases, and reported according to PRISMA guidelines. Sixty one articles meeting the inclusion criteria and published during the period 2008-2015 were selected for systematic review...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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