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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091929/perception-of-injury-risk-among-amateur-muay-thai-fighters
#1
Stephen Strotmeyer, Reidar P Lystad
BACKGROUND: Muay Thai is a style of kickboxing that allows full-contact blows to an unprotected head, torso and legs, and, as in any combat sport, there is an inherent risk of injury. Previous observational studies have shown there is a substantial risk of injury in competitive kickboxing. None of these studies, however, have investigated the potential role of psychological risk factors and, consequently, little is known about the perception of injury risk among these athletes. Notwithstanding the important role risk perception may play in the occurrence and prevention of sports injuries, there is very limited empirical data pertaining to athletes in full-contact combat sports such as Muay Thai...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087568/effect-of-specific-exercise-based-football-injury-prevention-programmes-on-the-overall-injury-rate-in-football-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-fifa-11-and-11-programmes
#2
Kristian Thorborg, Kasper Kühn Krommes, Ernest Esteve, Mikkel Bek Clausen, Else Marie Bartels, Michael Skovdal Rathleff
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of FIFA injury prevention programmes in football (FIFA 11 and FIFA 11+). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials comparing the FIFA injury prevention programmes with a control (no or sham intervention) among football players. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE via PubMed, EMBASE via OVID, CINAHL via Ebsco, Web of Science, SportDiscus and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, from 2004 to 14 March 2016...
January 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081055/state-level-lifetime-medical-and-work-loss-costs-of-fatal-injuries-united-states-2014
#3
Feijun Luo, Curtis Florence
Injury-associated deaths have substantial economic consequences in the United States. The total estimated lifetime medical and work-loss costs associated with fatal injuries in 2013 were $214 billion (1). In 2014, unintentional injury, suicide, and homicide (the fourth, tenth, and seventeenth leading causes of death, respectively) accounted for 194,635 deaths in the United States (2). In 2014, a total of 199,756 fatal injuries occurred in the United States, and the associated lifetime medical and work-loss costs were $227 billion (3)...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076399/epidemiology-of-injury-related-death-in-children-under-5-years-of-age-in-hunan-province-china-2009-2014
#4
Xiong Lili, He Jian, Li Liping, Liu Zhiyu, Wang Hua
BACKGROUND: Injury is an important cause of childhood mortality in China. We described the epidemiology and trends of injury-related deaths of children <5 years of age in Hunan province, and discussed several policy implications. METHODS: Injury-related deaths of children <5 years of age in 2009-2014 were identified from surveillance data. All specific injury mortality and mortality rates in urban and rural area were calculated from census data; Cochran-armitage trend test was used to assess the time trends...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072699/prevention-preferable-to-treatment-3-case-reports-of-patients-experiencing-right-sided-heart-failure-after-ebstein-anomaly-correction
#5
Ming Luo, Jing Lin, Zhen Qin, Lei Du
RATIONALE: Ebstein anomaly is a common congenital heart disease that may induce severe tricuspid regurgitation and dilation of the "atrialized" portion of the right ventricle. Patients who undergo surgery to correct Ebstein anomaly are at high risk of postoperative right-sided heart failure, yet little is known about what pre-, peri-, or postoperative procedures may help reduce this risk. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we describe 3 cases of adults with Ebstein anomaly who underwent corrective surgery and in whom right-sided heart failure occurred with severe tricuspid regurgitation detected by transesophageal echocardiography...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068167/vehicle-exposure-and-spinal-musculature-fatigue-in-military-warfighters-a-meta-analysis
#6
Roger O Kollock, Kenneth E Games, Alan E Wilson, JoEllen M Sefton
CONTEXT:  Spinal musculature fatigue from vehicle exposure may place warfighters at risk for spinal injuries and pain. Research on the relationship between vehicle exposure and spinal musculature fatigue is conflicting. A better understanding of the effect of military duty on musculoskeletal function is needed before sports medicine teams can develop injury-prevention programs. OBJECTIVE:  To determine if the literature supports a definite effect of vehicle exposure on spinal musculature fatigue...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068160/prediction-of-injuries-and-injury-types-in-army-basic-training-infantry-armor-and-cavalry-trainees-using-a-common-fitness-screen
#7
JoEllen M Sefton, K R Lohse, J S McAdam
CONTEXT:  Musculoskeletal injuries (MSIs) are among the most important challenges facing our military. They influence career success and directly affect military readiness. Several methods of screening initial entry training (IET) soldiers are being tested in an effort to predict which soldiers will sustain an MSI and to develop injury-prevention programs. The Army 1-1-1 Fitness Assessment was examined to determine if it could be used as a screening and MSI prediction mechanism in male IET soldiers...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067126/injury-prevention-counselling-in-the-primary-care-setting-revisited
#8
Samuel N Forjuoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065778/protective-effects-of-tongxinluo-on-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-related-to-connexin-43-calpain-ii-bax-caspase-3-pathway-in-rat
#9
Xiao Cheng, Zijun Hou, Jingbo Sun, Yan Huang, Lixin Wang, Ziyi Zhou, Li-Hua Zhou, Yefeng Cai
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tongxinluo (TXL) is a multifunctional traditional Chinese medicine and has been widely used in the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Numerous studies demonstrate that TXL is a novel neuroprotective drug, however, the mechanisms are largely unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: we aimed to demonstrate the protective effect of TXL on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and provide the evidence for the involvement of Connexin 43/Calpain II/ Bax/Caspase-3 pathway in TXL-mediated neuroprotection...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065163/diagnostic-approach-to-catastrophic-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-racehorses
#10
Santiago S Diab, Susan M Stover, Francisco Carvallo, Akinyi C Nyaoke, Janet Moore, Ashley Hill, Rick Arthur, Francisco A Uzal
Catastrophic musculoskeletal injuries are the most common cause of euthanasia or spontaneous death in racehorses, and the most common cause of jockey falls with potential for serious human injury. Horses are predisposed to the vast majority of these injuries by preexisting lesions that can be prevented by early diagnosis and adequate bone injury management. A thorough examination of the musculoskeletal system in racehorses often determines the cause of these injuries and generates data to develop injury prevention strategies...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063724/pressure-injury-prevalence-in-intensive-care-versus-non-intensive-care-patients-a-state-wide-comparison
#11
Fiona Coyer, Sandra Miles, Sandra Gosley, Paul Fulbrook, Kirstine Sketcher-Baker, Jane-Louise Cook, Jacqueline Whitmore
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired pressure injury is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and considered to be largely preventable. Pressure injury prevalence is regarded as a marker of health care quality. OBJECTIVE: To compare the state-wide prevalence, severity and location of pressure injuries of intensive care unit patients compared to patients in non-intensive care wards. METHOD: The study employed a secondary data analysis design to extract and analyse de-identified pressure injury data from all Queensland Health hospitals with level I-III intensive care facilities that participated in Queensland Bedside Audits between 2012-2014...
January 4, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060031/attitudes-of-nursing-students-about-pressure-injury-prevention
#12
Layla J Garrigues, Juliana C Cartwright, Donna Z Bliss
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the attitudes of baccalaureate nursing students toward their role in pressure injury prevention (PIP) and describe how clinical experiences influence their attitudes. Understanding students' attitudes and experiences related to PIP may facilitate development of evidence-based interventions for PIP by nurses. DESIGN: Qualitative exploratory descriptive design. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Participants were 16 senior nursing students enrolled in a prelicensure baccalaureate nursing program in an accredited school of nursing...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060030/view-from-here-formal-and-informal-leadership-translating-evidence-based-practices-for-pressure-injury-prevention-in-the-hospital-setting
#13
William Padula, Mary Beth F Makic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059999/context-for-practice-trends-in-pressure-injury-prevention-use-of-convexity-in-ostomy-care-and-prevention-of-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-in-children
#14
Mikel Gray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057145/-analysis-on-injury-related-deaths-in-the-elderly-aged-%C3%A2-60-years-in-jing-an-district-of-shanghai-1975-2014
#15
X Zhang, X T Chu, B Shen, Y M Wang, Y H Wang, X M Yang
Objective: To understand the characteristics and distribution of injury related deaths in residents aged ≥60 years in Jing'an district of Shanghai and provide evidence for the prevention of injury and effective intervention in this population. Methods: According to the data from diseases surveillance and death-reporting system in Jing'an during 1975-2014, the causes of 5 199 injury related deaths were analyzed. Results: The average injury related mortality in the elderly aged ≥60 years in Jing'an was 159...
November 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052919/traumatic-brain-injuries-in-older-adults-6-years-of-data-for-one-uk-trauma-centre-retrospective-analysis-of-prospectively-collected-data
#16
Carol Hawley, Magdy Sakr, Sarah Scapinello, Jesse Salvo, Paul Wrenn
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to determine the incidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in older adults and investigate the relationship between injury characteristics and outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data submitted to Trauma Audit and Research Network (TARN) database for a major trauma centre in the West Midlands, UK, from 2008 to 2014. The Mayo Scale was used to categorise TBI. All patients were aged ≥65 years and were admitted with head or brain injuries meeting TARN inclusion criteria: injury resulting in immediate admission to hospital for 3 days, admitted to a high dependency area or death following trauma...
January 4, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052130/cervical-spine-injuries-a-whole-body-musculoskeletal-model-for-the-analysis-of-spinal-loading
#17
Dario Cazzola, Timothy P Holsgrove, Ezio Preatoni, Harinderjit S Gill, Grant Trewartha
Cervical spine trauma from sport or traffic collisions can have devastating consequences for individuals and a high societal cost. The precise mechanisms of such injuries are still unknown as investigation is hampered by the difficulty in experimentally replicating the conditions under which these injuries occur. We harness the benefits of computer simulation to report on the creation and validation of i) a generic musculoskeletal model (MASI) for the analyses of cervical spine loading in healthy subjects, and ii) a population-specific version of the model (Rugby Model), for investigating cervical spine injury mechanisms during rugby activities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042643/the-role-of-adult-perceptions-and-supervision-behavior-in-preventing-child-injury
#18
Ha T Huynh, Natalie E Demeter, Rita V Burke, Jeffrey S Upperman
Supervision is an important factor in reducing injury risk. There are multiple factors that can affect the appropriate level of supervision including risk perception, anticipation of injury, and distracted behaviors. This study examined the perceived risks of child injury among parents and child caregivers and their supervision behavior among adults in an urban playground. Participant data from 25 individuals were collected through observations and anonymous self-reported surveys. More than half of the participants indicated practice of appropriate supervisory behavior, including attentiveness to their child's behavior and proximity to their child during play...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039181/sports-biostatistician-a-critical-member-of-all-sports-science-and-medicine-teams-for-injury-prevention
#19
REVIEW
Martí Casals, Caroline F Finch
Sports science and medicine need specialists to solve the challenges that arise with injury data. In the sports injury field, it is important to be able to optimise injury data to quantify injury occurrences, understand their aetiology and most importantly, prevent them. One of these specialty professions is that of Sports Biostatistician. The aim of this paper is to describe the emergent field of Sports Biostatistics and its relevance to injury prevention. A number of important issues regarding this profession and the science of sports injury prevention are highlighted...
December 30, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038317/risk-factors-for-lower-leg-ankle-and-foot-injuries-during-basic-military-training-in-the-maltese-armed-forces
#20
Matthew Psaila, Craig Ranson
OBJECTIVES: Basic military training is physically and psychologically demanding placing recruits at high risk of injury and premature discharge. This study aimed to identify risk factors for lower leg, ankle and foot injury in Maltese military recruits during basic training. DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study. SETTING: An armed forces barracks. PARTICIPANTS: 127 recruits commencing one basic military training course agreed to participate in the study...
September 6, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
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