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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793123/the-beighton-score-as-a-predictor-of-brighton-criteria-in-sport-and-dance
#1
Ross Armstrong, Dr Matt Greig
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of using the Beighton joint hypermobility score as a predictor of Brighton criteria components, considering the influence of gender and sports participation. DESIGN: Cross sectional study design. SETTING: A University. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-five female rugby players, 38 male rugby players, 61 netball players, 42 female dancers, 40 male controls and 40 female controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Beighton score was assessed using the Beighton and Horan Joint Mobility Index...
April 20, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793121/head-coaches-attitudes-towards-injury-prevention-and-use-of-related-methods-in-professional-basketball-a-survey
#2
J Wilke, D Niederer, L Vogt, W Banzer
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the practices and attitudes of professional basketball head coaches towards injury prevention. DESIGN: Survey. SETTING: Elite-level basketball. PARTICIPANTS: Head coaches of all 366 German professional teams. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Use of injury risk screening methods, rated importance of different musculoskeletal injuries and rated effectiveness of preventive interventions...
April 17, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791183/a-2-year-prospective-cohort-study-of-overuse-running-injuries-the-runners-and-injury-longitudinal-study-trails
#3
Stephen P Messier, David F Martin, Shannon L Mihalko, Edward Ip, Paul DeVita, D Wayne Cannon, Monica Love, Danielle Beringer, Santiago Saldana, Rebecca E Fellin, Joseph F Seay
BACKGROUND: The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, noting flaws in previous running injury research, called for more rigorous prospective designs and comprehensive analyses to define the origin of running injuries. PURPOSE: To determine the risk factors that differentiate recreational runners who remain uninjured from those diagnosed with an overuse running injury during a 2-year observational period. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789428/injury-prevention-achieving-population-level-change
#4
EDITORIAL
Natalie Wilkins, Roderick J McClure, Karin Mack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786625/differences-in-glenohumeral-joint-rotation-and-peak-power-output-between-super-league-and-championship-rugby-league-players
#5
Matthew R Haines
Haines, MR. Differences in glenohumeral joint rotation and peak power output between Super League and Championship Rugby League players. J Strength Cond Res 32(6): 1685-1691, 2018-Rugby league is a high-intensity sport with large impact forces sustained during play, resulting in high prevalence of shoulder injury. Consequently, shoulder strength and player power are important considerations for injury prevention and performance. Additionally, professional teams regularly compete against semiprofessional teams, where differences in physical conditioning could be marked...
June 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781869/utilizing-facebook-and-automated-telephone-calls-to-increase-adoption-of-a-local-smoke-alarm-installation-program
#6
Shannon Frattaroli, Eric Schulman, Eileen M McDonald, Elise C Omaki, Wendy C Shields, Vanya Jones, William Brewer
CONTEXT: Innovative strategies are needed to improve the prevalence of working smoke alarms in homes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to report on the effectiveness of Facebook advertising and automated telephone calls as population-level strategies to encourage an injury prevention behavior. OBJECTIVE: We examine the effectiveness of Facebook advertising and automated telephone calls as strategies to enroll individuals in Baltimore City's Fire Department's free smoke alarm installation program...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780835/risk-factors-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-in-competitive-adolescent-alpine-skiers
#7
Maria Westin, Marita L Harringe, Björn Engström, Marie Alricsson, Suzanne Werner
Background: There is a high risk for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in alpine skiers. To reduce or try to prevent these injuries, intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors need to be identified. Purpose: To identify possible intrinsic and extrinsic ACL injury risk factors among competitive adolescent alpine skiers. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: Between 2006 and 2009, a cohort of 339 alpine ski students (176 male, 163 female) from Swedish ski high schools were prospectively observed in terms of ACL injuries...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778992/school-area-road-safety-assessment-and-improvements-sarsai-programme-reduces-road-traffic-injuries-among-children-in-tanzania
#8
Ayikai Poswayo, Simon Kalolo, Katheryn Rabonovitz, Jeffrey Witte, Alejandro Guerrero
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of a paediatric road traffic injury (RTI) prevention programme in urban Sub-Saharan Africa. SETTING: Dares Salaam, Republic of Tanzania. METHODS: Household surveys were conducted in catchment areas around 18 primary schools in Dar es Salaam, Republic of Tanzania; the catchment areas were divided into control and intervention groups. Collected data included basic demographic information on all school-aged household members and whether or not they had been involved in an RTI in the previous 12 months, and, if so, what the characteristics of that RTI were...
May 19, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777685/thiamine-preserves-mitochondrial-function-in-a-rat-model-of-traumatic-brain-injury-preventing-inactivation-of-the-2-oxoglutarate-dehydrogenase-complex
#9
Garik V Mkrtchyan, Muammer Üçal, Andrea Müllebner, Sergiu Dumitrescu, Martina Kames, Rudolf Moldzio, Marek Molcanyi, Samuel Schaefer, Adelheid Weidinger, Ute Schaefer, Juergen Hescheler, Johanna Catharina Duvigneau, Heinz Redl, Victoria I Bunik, Andrey V Kozlov
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Based on the fact that traumatic brain injury is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction we aimed at localization of mitochondrial defect and attempted to correct it by thiamine. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Interventional controlled experimental animal study was used. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to lateral fluid percussion traumatic brain injury. Thiamine was administered 1 h prior to trauma; cortex was extracted for analysis 4 h and 3 d after trauma...
May 16, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777614/enhancing-the-detection-of-injuries-and-near-misses-among-patient-care-staff-in-a-large-pediatric-hospital
#10
Maurizio Macaluso, Lauren A Summerville, Meredith E Tabangin, Nancy M Daraiseh
Objectives Compared to other industries, healthcare has one of the highest rates of non-fatal occupational injury/illness. Evidence indicates these rates are underestimated, highlighting the need for improved injury surveillance. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating active data collection in a passive injury surveillance system to improve detection of injuries in a healthcare establishment. Methods Using digital voice recorders (DVR), pediatric healthcare providers prospectively recorded events throughout their shift for two weeks...
May 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776844/psychosocial-predictors-and-psychological-prevention-of-soccer-injuries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Maamer Slimani, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Hela Znazen, Armin Paravlic, Fairouz Azaiez, David Tod
OBJECTIVES: To examine (a) the relationships between the psychosocial risk factors and injury rates and (b) the effects of psychological-based prevention interventions on the injury risk of soccer players. DESIGN: Scholarly electronic databases (PubMed/MEDLINE, Google Scholar, Scopus) were searched on 1 January 2017, complemented by manual searches of bibliographies. SETTING: Systematic review and meta-analysis. PARTICIPANTS: We identified 13 eligible studies, including a total of 1149 injured soccer players aged between 14 and 36 years...
May 15, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776843/a-review-advocating-caution-with-major-league-soccer-expansion-and-investment-in-more-rehabilitation-professionals
#12
REVIEW
Cody J Mansfield, Carol Ferkovic-Mack, Julie Eibensteiner, Christy Zwolski
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Major League Soccer (MLS) has aggressively expanded from 10 teams to 23 teams. With the addition of more teams, the league will have to dictate a schedule that maximizes the league's popularity, while also maintaining the health of the players. A longer season and congested game schedule could increase the risk of injury for players. The purpose of this commentary is to make recommendations for the prevention of injuries among MLS players with respect to proposed league expansion...
May 9, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775897/the-gastric-mucosal-protective-effects-of-astragaloside-iv-in-mnng-induced-gpl-rats
#13
Tiantian Cai, Chengzhe Zhang, Ziming Zhao, Siyi Li, Haobin Cai, Xiaodong Chen, Dake Cai, Wei Liu, Yan Yan, Kaifeng Xie, Huafeng Pan, Xiaohui Zeng
Gastric Cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. And the occurrence of gastric carcinoma is an evolutionary histopathological stage. As a result, further research of GPL, which is a borderline of gastric cancer, is indispensable for preventing the formation and development of gastric carcinoma. Several studies have demonstrated a correlation between the expression of autophagy, apoptosis and Gastric cancer (GC). However, the effects of autophagy and apoptosis on human gastric cancer progression, particularly on gastric precancerous lesions (GPL), have not totally been investigated...
May 15, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773438/the-relationship-of-subepidermal-moisture-and-early-stage-pressure-injury-by-visual-skin-assessment
#14
Chul-Gyu Kim, Seungmi Park, Ji Woon Ko, Sungho Jo
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of subepidermal moisture and early stage pressure injury by visual skin assessment in elderly Korean. METHODS: Twenty-nine elderly participated at a particular nursing home. Data were collected for 12 weeks by one wound care nurse. Visual skin assessment and subepidermal moisture value were measured at both buttocks, both ischia, both trochanters, sacrum, and coccyx of each subject once a week. RESULTS: Subepidermal moisture value of stage 1 pressure injury was significantly higher than that of no injury and blanching erythema...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771139/it-s-a-hard-knock-life-game-load-fatigue-and-injury-risk-in-the-national-basketball-association
#15
Melanie Lewis
CONTEXT:   National Basketball Association (NBA) athletes experience a high rate of injuries. Injury prevention requires identifying observable and controllable risk factors. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the relationship among game load, fatigue, and injuries in NBA athletes. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Game statistics and injury reports over 3 NBA seasons (2012-2015). PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Data represented 627 players (height = 200...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767619/metrics-to-assess-injury-prevention-programs-for-young-workers-in-high-risk-occupations-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#16
Smith Jennifer, Birinder Praneet Purewal, Alison Macpherson, Ian Pike
INTRODUCTION: Despite legal protections for young workers in Canada, youth aged 15-24 are at high risk of traumatic occupational injury. While many injury prevention initiatives targeting young workers exist, the challenge faced by youth advocates and employers is deciding what aspect(s) of prevention will be the most effective focus for their efforts. A review of the academic and grey literatures was undertaken to compile the metrics-both the indicators being evaluated and the methods of measurement-commonly used to assess injury prevention programs for young workers...
May 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762194/revision-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction
#17
Jeremy R Bruce, Neal S ElAttrache, James R Andrews
Ulnar collateral ligament injuries continue to occur despite efforts to educate pitchers, coaches, and families at the amateur and professional levels about pitch counts, mechanics, and injury prevention. Although the data on the incidence of ulnar collateral ligament reconstructions are inconclusive, an increase in these reconstructions may mean a corresponding increase in the number of reconstruction failures and revision reconstruction surgeries. Less is known about the outcomes of revision ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction; not unexpectedly, early results are not as promising as those observed with primary reconstruction...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760167/factors-associated-with-pain-and-osteoarthritis-at-the-hip-and-knee-in-great-britain-s-olympians-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Dale J Cooper, Brigitte E Scammell, Mark E Batt, Debbie Palmer
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the epidemiology and potentially modifiable factors associated with musculoskeletal disease is an important first step in injury prevention among elite athletes. AIM: This study investigated the prevalence and factors associated with pain and osteoarthritis (OA) at the hip and knee in Great Britain's (GB) Olympians aged 40 and older. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. A survey was distributed to 2742 GB Olympians living in 30 countries...
May 14, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746389/effect-of-sand-on-knee-load-during-a-single-leg-jump-task-implications-for-injury-prevention-and-rehabilitation-programs
#19
Mark C Richardson, Sinead Murphy, Tom Macpherson, Bryan English, Iain Spears, Paul Chesterton
Richardson, MC, Murphy, S, Macpherson, T, English, B, Spears, I, and Chesterton, P. Effect of sand on knee load during a single-leg jump task: implications for injury prevention and rehabilitation programs. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of the study was to determine potential differences in landing strategies and subsequent joint loads at the knee (knee abduction moment [KAM], anterior-posterior [AP] tibial translation, and total knee shear force) when jumping onto sand and firm ground from both a level surface and a 30-cm height...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746383/angle-specific-isokinetic-metrics-highlight-strength-training-needs-of-elite-youth-soccer-players
#20
Steven J Eustace, Richard M Page, Matt Greig
Eustace, SJ, Page, RM, and Greig, M. angle specific isokinetic metrics highlight strength training needs of elite youth soccer players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this study was to assess traditional and angle-specific isokinetic strength of eccentric knee flexors (eccKFs) and concentric knee extensors (conKEs) between senior professional and youth soccer players. Thirty-four male soccer players (17 senior and 17 youth) were recruited for bilateral assessments at 180, 270, and 60°·s...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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