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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447880/resistance-training-in-youth-laying-the-foundation-for-injury-prevention-and-physical-literacy
#1
Christin Zwolski, Catherine Quatman-Yates, Mark V Paterno
CONTEXT: The rising incidence of physical activity- and sports-related injuries has prompted the present-day investigation of resistance training as a potential means of injury prevention and physical literacy development among youth. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Relevant studies on the topics of athlete development, physical literacy, resistance training, and injury prevention in children and adolescents were reviewed (PubMed and Sports Discus, 1982-2016). Recommendations from consensus guidelines and position statements applicable to resistance training and injury prevention in youth, in addition to young athlete development, were reviewed...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446456/injuries-impair-the-chance-of-successful-performance-by-sportspeople-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Michael K Drew, Ben P Raysmith, Paula C Charlton
BACKGROUND: Cost-benefit analyses have been proposed for determining acceptable risk of injury regarding training and competition participation. Currently, there is no best evidence synthesis of the literature evaluating the relationship between injury/illness and chance of success or failure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between injury and/or illness and success and/or failure in athletic populations (individual and team sports). METHODS: This review was prospectively registered (PROSPERO CRD42016036729) and a systematic electronic search was conducted in May 2016...
April 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443574/parents-attitudes-and-adherence-to-unintentional-injury-prevention-measures-in-ankara-turkey
#3
Tolga İnce, Songül Yalçın, Kadriye Yurdakök
BACKGROUND: Childhood unintentional injuries are being perceived as a leading public health issue since they are one of the preventable causes of pediatric mortality and morbidity. Whether and how parental factors related to childhood injury are searched insufficiently. So, understanding what parents do to prevent injuries, how well these prevention strategies work, and what encourages these actions is essential to decrease unintentional injury risk and to develop effective injury prevention strategies...
April 6, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441037/preseason-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-prospective-injury-risk-in-collegiate-athletes
#4
Hongmei Li, Jennifer J Moreland, Corinne Peek-Asa, Jingzhen Yang
BACKGROUND: Psychological risk factors are increasingly recognized as important in sport-related injury prevention. Understanding how these psychological factors may affect the risk of injuries could help design effective prevention programs. PURPOSE: To determine the effect of reported preseason anxiety and depressive symptoms on the risk of injuries during a prospective season in a cohort of collegiate athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438334/understanding-patterns-of-injury-in-kenya-analysis-of-a-trauma-registry-data-from-a-national-referral-hospital
#5
Isaac M Botchey, Yuen Wai Hung, Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Hassan Saidi, Fatima Paruk, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Injuries contribute to a substantial proportion of the burden of disease in Kenya. Trauma registries can be a very useful source of data to understand patterns of injuries and serve to provide information about potential improvements in the care of injured patients. In Kenya, health facility-based injury data has been largely administrative. Our aim was to develop and implement a prospective trauma registry at the largest trauma hospital in Kenya, the Kenyatta National Hospital, and to understand the nature of injuries presenting to the hospital, their treatment and care, and their outcomes...
April 21, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436139/improving-scope-sensitivity-in-contingent-valuation-joint-and-separate-evaluation-of-health-states
#6
José Luis Pinto-Prades, José Antonio Robles-Zurita, Fernando-Ignacio Sánchez-Martínez, José María Abellán-Perpiñán, Jorge Martínez-Pérez
We present data of a contingent valuation survey, testing the effect of evaluation mode on the monetary valuation of preventing road accidents. Half of the interviewees was asked to state their willingness to pay (WTP) to reduce the risk of having only 1 type of injury (separate evaluation, SE), and the other half of the sample was asked to state their WTP for 4 types of injuries evaluated simultaneously (joint evaluation, JE). In the SE group, we observed lack of sensitivity to scope while in the JE group WTP increased with the severity of the injury prevented...
April 24, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426478/advocating-for-a-sensible-firearm-injury-prevention-plan
#7
Peter T Masiakos, Andrew L Warshaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426449/temperature-and-oxygenation-during-organ-preservation-friends-or-foes
#8
Nicholas Gilbo, Diethard Monbaliu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The liberalization of donor selection criteria in organ transplantation, with the increased use of suboptimal grafts, has stimulated interest in ischemia-reperfusion injury prevention and graft reconditioning. Organ preservation technologies are changing considerably, mostly through the reintroduction of dynamic machine preservation. Here, we review the current evidence on the role of temperature and oxygenation during dynamic machine preservation. RECENT FINDINGS: A large but complex body of evidence exists and comparative studies are few...
April 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424128/analysis-of-all-terrain-vehicle-trauma-data-implications-for-increased-regulation-and-injury-prevention
#9
Cathy V Ho, James R Dunne, Wesley R Stroud, Alvaro H Fonseca, Frank E Davis, William J Bromberg
To determine the incidence and severity of all-terrain vehicle crashes (ATVCs) compared with motorcycle crashes (MCCs) in all critically injured patients. Prospective data were retrospectively reviewed on 1840 patients involved in ATVCs and MCCs admitted to a rural level one trauma center over 16 years. ATVC patients (n = 655) were younger (25 vs 38, P < 0.0001), more likely female (20% vs 11%, P < 0.001), less severely injured (13.5 vs 16, P < 0.0001), had similar Glasgow Coma Score (13.3 vs 13.4, p = NS), less helmet use (6% vs 69%, P < 0...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423285/the-epidemiology-of-high-ankle-sprains-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports
#10
Timothy C Mauntel, Erik A Wikstrom, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are among the most common injuries experienced by collegiate athletes. The type of ankle sprain is rarely differentiated in epidemiological studies. This differentiation is necessary, as each ankle sprain type has a unique injury mechanism and recovery period. High ankle sprains commonly result in long recovery periods. Thus, a further examination of the epidemiology of high ankle sprains is warranted. PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of high ankle sprains in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during the 2009/2010-2014/2015 academic years...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422922/the-spatial-epidemiology-of-pediatric-trauma-a-statewide-assessment
#11
Allison Ertl, Kirsten Beyer, Sergey Tarima, Yuhong Zhou, Jonathan I Groner, Laura D Cassidy
INTRODUCTION: Despite significant advances in the prevention and treatment of pediatric trauma, preventable injuries continue to burden the lives of millions of children. In order to target prevention strategies, it is critical to identify areas with high burdens of pediatric trauma. Therefore, this study analyzed statewide data from the Ohio Trauma Registry (OTR) from 2007-2012 to identify geographical patterns in pediatric injury. METHODS: Data from the first hospital of care for 16,330 pediatric trauma patients under 16 years old were analyzed using the disease mapping method adaptive spatial filtering to estimate a series of maps that display age- and sex-adjusted rates of pediatric trauma, severe trauma, and standardized mortality ratios (SMR) while controlling for population size to create stable estimates throughout the study area...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419017/the-evaluation-of-trauma-care-the-comparison-of-2-high-level-pediatric-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states-and-turkey
#12
Alkan Bal, Michael Cooper, Amanda Lee, Murat Anil, Halim Hennes
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to compare the outcomes of pediatric trauma patients with motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) and motor vehicle versus pedestrian crashes (MPCs) at a level 1 pediatric trauma center in the United States and a pediatric trauma center in Turkey. METHODS: The medical records of all pediatric MVC and MPC subjects presenting to the emergency departments (EDs) of a level 3 hospital in Turkey (Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital [ITTRH]) and a level 1 pediatric trauma center in the United States (Children's Medical Center Dallas [CMCD]) over a 1-year period were reviewed...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414392/firearm-injury-prevention-the-role-of-the-clinician
#13
M Denise Dowd
More than 2,500 people younger than age 20 years die due to a firearm injury annually in the United States, and thousands more suffer injuries that are nonfatal. With nearly one firearm for every American in the US, exposure to a gun at some point during childhood or adolescence is highly likely. The high number of fatalities caused by firearms emphasizes the importance of primary prevention. This article calls on pediatricians to use their advantage as child development experts to discuss firearm injury prevention in clinical practice via a pragmatic and nonjudgmental approach...
April 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414065/effects-of-depression-screening-on-diagnosing-and-treating-mood-disorders-among-older-adults-in-office-based-primary-care-outpatient-settings-an-instrumental-variable-analysis
#14
Taeho Greg Rhee, Benjamin D Capistrant, Jon C Schommer, Ronald S Hadsall, Donald L Uden
Existing literature shows mixed findings regarding the efficacy and effectiveness of depression screening, and relatively little is known about the effectiveness of depression screening among older adults in primary care visits in the U.S. This study examines the effects of depression screening on the three following outcomes: mood disorder diagnoses, overall antidepressant prescriptions, and potentially inappropriate antidepressant prescriptions among older adults ages 65 or older in office-based outpatient primary care settings...
April 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411937/preparing-for-international-travel-and-global-medical-care
#15
REVIEW
Swaminatha V Mahadevan, Matthew C Strehlow
Thorough pretravel preparation and medical consultation can mitigate avoidable health and safety risks. A comprehensive pretravel medical consultation should include an individualized risk assessment, immunization review, and discussion of arthropod protective measures, malaria prophylaxis, traveler's diarrhea, and injury prevention. Travel with children and jet lag reduction require additional planning and prevention strategies; travel and evacuation insurance may prove essential when traveling to less resourced countries...
May 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411728/improvements-in-musculoskeletal-health-and-computing-behaviors-effects-of-a-macroergonomics-office-workplace-and-training-intervention
#16
Michelle M Robertson, Yueng Hsiang Huang, Jin Lee
Computer use and its association with musculoskeletal and visual symptoms is an escalating concern. Organizations are shifting to a more proactive injury prevention perspective. Accordingly, a macroergonomics intervention consisting of flexible workplace design and office ergonomics training was designed to examine the effects on worker's computing behaviors, postures, and musculoskeletal discomfort, and their relationship to psychosocial factors. Participants were assigned to either group: 1) no-intervention control 2) flexible Workplace-only (WP-only), and 3) flexible Workplace + Training (WP+T)...
July 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409764/using-the-narratives-of-ontarians-with-a-work-related-traumatic-brain-injury-to-inform-injury-prevention-a-mixed-methods-approach
#17
Vanessa Amodio, Heather Bruch, Tatyana Mollayeva, Angela Colantonio
BACKGROUND: Work-related traumatic brain injury (wrTBI) is the most significant occupational injury associated with death and disability. Few studies have investigated injury text narratives to inform prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors leading to wrTBI in male and female workers utilizing the Person-Environment-Occupation (P-E-O) framework. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of the medical records of 98 consecutive Ontario workers with a diagnosed wrTBI was performed...
April 12, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409510/combined-osteopathy-and-exercise-management-of-achilles-tendinopathy-in-an-athlete-a-case-report
#18
Georgia Ross, Chris Macfarlane, Brett Vaughan
Mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy is a common injury in sporting populations. There is conflicting evidence about the best approach to conservative management. This report focuses on the rehabilitation of an Achilles tendinopathy utilising osteopathic manual therapy (OMT) and a structured exercise program in a semi-professional volleyballer. The patient presented with a 4-month history of right mid-portion Achilles tendon pain that begun after a lateral inversion sprain of the right ankle. The primary complaint was pain impacting the patients vertical jump performance...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406787/factors-influencing-helmet-use-head-injury-and-hospitalization-among-children-involved-in-skateboarding-and-snowboarding-accidents
#19
Homa Sadeghian, Brian Nguyen, Nhan Huynh, Joshua Rouch, Steven L Lee, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi
CONTEXT: Up to 75% of skateboarders and snowboarders admitted to the hospital sustain head injuries. It is unclear why not all children and teenagers wear helmets while snowboarding and skateboarding given the protection they afford. OBJECTIVES: To report on the prevalence of, and factors associated with, skateboarding and snowboarding in injured children and to explore factors that influence helmet use, head injury, and hospitalization in this sample. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of skateboard- and snowboard-associated injuries from 2003 to 2012 among individuals younger than age 18 years using National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data from approximately 100 hospitals...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393552/characteristics-and-fall-experiences-of-older-adults-with-and-without-fear-of-falling-outdoors
#20
Tracy Chippendale, Chang Dae Lee
OBJECTIVE: Using a theoretical model that combines an ecological perspective and Bandura's theory of self-efficacy as a guide, we sought to compare experiences and characteristics of community dwelling older adults with and without concern about falling outdoors. METHOD: A survey of randomly selected community dwelling older adults across NYC (N = 120) was conducted using the outdoor falls questionnaire. Descriptive quantitative analyses of participant characteristics were conducted for all participants and for those with and without concern about falling outside...
April 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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