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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810988/association-between-personal-protective-equipment-use-and-injury-occurrence-among-the-republic-of-korea-armed-forces
#1
Tae Kyung Kim, Byung-Chan Jeon, Eunkyoung Bae, Kyoung Ki Bae, Kyu-Tae Han, Eun-Cheol Park
INTRODUCTION: Soldiers are at a higher risk of injury than people of other occupations. To date, no studies have examined the association between injury and personal protective equipment (PPE) use in the Republic of Korea (ROK) military. Thus, this study aimed to investigate possible associations between injury and PPE use in military personnel. In addition, we aimed to identify the possible interactions between injury and PPE use according to military personnel characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used secondary data from the 2014-2015 Military Health Survey...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807431/a-prospective-analysis-of-injury-rates-patterns-and-causes-in-cliff-and-splash-diving
#2
Lukas Ernstbrunner, Armin Runer, Paul Siegert, Matthäus Ernstbrunner, Johannes Becker, Thomas Freude, Herbert Resch, Philipp Moroder
INTRODUCTION: Information about injuries and its differences in Cliff Diving (CD) and Splash Diving (SD) are unknown. It was the aim to analyse (1) injury rates, patterns and causes; (2) differences (in injuries) between both disciplines; and to (3) identify targets for future injury prevention interventions. METHODS: From April to November 2013, 81 cliff and 51 splash divers were prospectively surveyed with an encrypted, monthly e-mail-based questionnaire. RESULTS: During a total of 7857h diving with an average diving height of 13 (±7)m, an overall injury rate of 7...
August 5, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805506/kinematic-and-neuromuscular-relationships-between-lower-extremity-clinical-movement-assessments
#3
Timothy C Mauntel, Tyler R Cram, Barnett S Frank, Rebecca L Begalle, Marc F Norcross, J Troy Blackburn, Darin A Padua
Lower extremity injuries have immediate and long-term consequences. Lower extremity movement assessments can assist with identifying individuals at greater injury risk and guide injury prevention interventions. Movement assessments identify similar movement characteristics and evidence suggests large magnitude kinematic relationships exist between movement patterns observed across assessments; however, the magnitude of the relationships for electromyographic (EMG) measures across movement assessments remains largely unknown...
August 14, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800348/disability-management-and-organizational-culture-in-australia-and-canada
#4
Nicholas Buys, Shannon Wagner, Christine Randall, Henry Harder, Thomas Geisen, Ignatius Yu, Benedikt Hassler, Caroline Howe, Alex Fraess-Phillips
BACKGROUND: Organizational culture has received increasing attention in terms of its influence on workplace health and productivity, yet there has been little research on its relationship with employer-based disability programs. OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relationship between disability management and organizational culture in Australian and Canadian organizations. METHODS: Thematic analysis was conducted on data from semi-structured interviews with 16 employees, including injured workers, human resource managers and disability managers in two Australian and two Canadian large organizations...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790778/determinants-of-injuries-and-road-traffic-accidents-amongst-service-personnel-in-a-large-defence-station
#5
Anand Neelakantan, Brig Atul Kotwal, Mookkiah Ilankumaran
BACKGROUND: Injuries are assuming epidemic proportions globally; and in India. Also, previous decade witnessed carnage on Indian roads, with nearly 12 lakh people killed and 55 lakhs disabled in road crashes. The trend in Armed Forces is reflective of the aforesaid patterns. Behaviour and socio-demographic background of the victims are significant determinants of injuries and road accidents. Community-based epidemiological information on these aspects is envisaged to contribute in their preventive strategy...
July 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782303/incidence-and-body-location-of-reported-acute-sports-injuries-in-seven-sports-using-a-national-insurance-database
#6
Malin Åman, Magnus Forssblad, Karin Larsén
Sports with high numbers of athletes and acute injuries are an important target for preventive actions at a national level. Both for the health of the athlete and to reduce costs associated with injury. The aim of the present study was to identify injuries where injury prevention should focus, in order to have major impact on decreasing acute injury rates at a national level. All athletes in the seven investigated sport federations (automobile sports, basketball, floorball, football (soccer), handball, ice hockey, and motor sports) were insured by the same insurance company...
August 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782096/the-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-volleyball-the-systematic-development-of-an-intervention-and-its-feasibility
#7
Vincent Gouttebarge, Marije van Sluis, Evert Verhagen, Johannes Zwerver
BACKGROUND: A scientific research project has started in the Netherlands with the aim of developing and implementing an evidence-based intervention to prevent the occurrence of musculoskeletal injuries among young and adult recreational volleyball players. This article describes (i) the systematic development of the intervention; and (ii) the assessment of its feasibility in terms of relevancy, suitability and usability. SYSTEMATIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERVENTION: The development of the intervention was based on the Intervention Mapping structured and systematic process...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774550/association-between-burn-injury-and-mental-illness-among-burn-survivors-a-population-based-self-matched-longitudinal-cohort-study
#8
Stephanie A Mason, Avery B Nathens, James P Byrne, Janet Ellis, Robert A Fowler, Alejandro Gonzalez, Paul J Karanicolas, Rahim Moineddin, Marc G Jeschke
BACKGROUND: Mental health disorders are prevalent before and after burn injury. However, the impact of burn injury on risk of subsequent mental health disorders is unknown. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a population-based, self-matched longitudinal cohort study using administrative data in Ontario, Canada between 2003 and 2011. All adults who survived to discharge following major burn injury were included, and all mental health-related emergency department visits were identified...
June 28, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770661/the-effects-of-football-match-congestion-in-an-international-tournament-on-hip-adductor-squeeze-strength-and-pain-in-elite-youth-players
#9
Martin Wollin, Tania Pizzari, Kane Spagnolo, Marijke Welvaert, Kristian Thorborg
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a congested international tournament match schedule on adductor strength and pain in elite youth football players. Twenty-two male players (age: 15.53 ± 0.48 years, height: 174.87 ± 7.59 cm, weight: 67.45 ± 7.40 kg) were included. The 5-second adductor squeeze strength was captured daily using a hand-held dynamometer during a 7-game international tournament. Pain during the squeeze test was recorded using numerical pain ratings (0-10) to quantify groin pain...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767294/development-and-preliminary-testing-of-a-smartphone-based-injury-prevention-application-s-ipa-for-teachers-at-child-care-centers-in-south-korea
#10
Kyung-Ah Kang, Shin-Jeong Kim, So Ra Kang, Seung-Hee Lee, Yae Young Kim, Kevin Wayne Ellis
The purpose of this study was to develop a smartphone-based injury-prevention application (S-IPA) for teachers working in child-care centers, and to test the satisfaction level of the users of the application (app). Through a literature review and needs assessment, an app compatible with the Apple iPhone operating system was developed. The app was verified and the mean total satisfaction with 7 features of the app was 7.76 (± 1.13) on a score of 1-10. The result of the S-IPA survey showed a positive response, indicating a high potential for use as a teacher's educational guide, which would provide an effective information delivery system for the prevention of possible injuries at child-care centers...
July 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765270/improving-hospital-death-certification-in-vietnam-results-of-a-pilot-study-of-injury-related-fatalities
#11
Merrilyn Walton, Reema Harrison, Anna Chevalier, Esmond Esguerra, Nguyen Duc Chinh, Haphan Haian, Dang Van Duong, Huong Giang
BACKGROUND: Vietnam has prioritised the establishment of a civil registration system for deaths but as yet is unable to report accurate national statistics for the population of 93.5 million people due to inadequate mortality data. Verbal autopsy data suggest that injury is a third leading cause of death (by International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision chapters) in Vietnam, with road traffic injuries in particular a significant and increasing challenge...
August 1, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764148/the-anthropometric-correlates-for-the-physiological-demand-of-strength-and-flexibility-a-study-in-young-indian-field-hockey-players
#12
Hanjabam Barun Sharma, Jyotsna Kailashiya
INTRODUCTION: Optimal strength and flexibility are essential for performance enhancement and injury prevention in hockey, and anthropometry is known to influence these parameters. AIM: To find anthropometric correlates for strength and flexibility score in young Indian field hockey players. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen female and 19 male subjects volunteered for the study. Selected anthropometric variables: lengths, breadths, girths and body composition; strength and sit and reach score were measured for each subject...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761721/preventing-running-related-injuries-using-evidence-based-online-advice-the-design-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Tryntsje Fokkema, Robert-Jan de Vos, John M van Ochten, Jan An Verhaar, Irene S Davis, Patrick Je Bindels, Sita Ma Bierma-Zeinstra, Marienke van Middelkoop
INTRODUCTION: Running-related injuries (RRIs) are frequent and can lead to cessation of health promoting activities. Several risk factors for RRIs have been identified. However, no successful injury prevention programme has been developed so far. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of an evidence-based online injury prevention programme on the number of RRIs. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The INSPIRE trial is a randomised-controlled trial with a 3-month follow-up...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761698/sports-injuries-and-illnesses-in-first-year-physical-education-teacher-education-students
#14
Anne-Marie van Beijsterveldt, Angelo Richardson, Benjamin Clarsen, Janine Stubbe
BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to investigate the magnitude and characteristics of injuries and illnesses in Dutch physical education teacher education (PETE) students. METHODS: During the first 21 weeks of the academic year, 245 first-year students registered their health problems online using the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) Questionnaire on Health Problems. RESULTS: A total of 276 injuries, 140 illnesses and 69 unclassified health problems were reported...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759729/the-effects-of-injury-prevention-programs-on-the-biomechanics-of-landing-tasks-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#15
Thiago Jambo Alves Lopes, Milena Simic, Gregory D Myer, Kevin R Ford, Timothy E Hewett, Evangelos Pappas
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear is a common injury in sports and often occurs during landing from a jump. PURPOSE: To synthesize the evidence on the effects of injury prevention programs (IPPs) on landing biomechanics as they relate to the ligament, quadriceps, trunk, and leg dominance theories associated with ACL injury risk. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis. METHODS: Six electronic databases were searched for studies that investigated the effect of IPPs on landing task biomechanics...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757236/fiber-based-modeling-of-in-situ-ankle-ligaments-with-consideration-of-progressive-failure
#16
Bingbing Nie, Jason L Forman, Matthew B Panzer, Alexander R Mait, John-Paul Donlon, Richard W Kent
Ligament sprains account for a majority of injuries to the foot and ankle complex among athletic populations. The infeasibility of measuring the in situ response and load paths of individual ligaments has precluded a complete characterization of their mechanical behavior via experiment. In the present study a fiber-based modeling approach of in situ ankle ligaments was developed and validated for determining the heterogeneous force-elongation characteristics and the consequent injury patterns. Nine major ankle ligaments were modeled as bundles of discrete elements, corresponding functionally to the structure of collagen fibers...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751530/a-10-year-review-of-child-injury-hospitalisations-health-outcomes-and-treatment-costs-in-australia
#17
Rebecca J Mitchell, Kate Curtis, Kim Foster
BACKGROUND: Childhood injury is a leading cause of hospitalisation, yet there has been no comprehensive examination of child injury and survival over time in Australia. To examine the characteristics, temporal trend and survival for children who were hospitalised as a result of injury in Australia. METHOD: A retrospective examination of linked hospitalisation and mortality data for injured children aged 16 years or less during 1 July 2001 to 30 June 2012. Negative binomial regression examined change in injury hospitalisation trends...
July 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744988/adherence-to-evidence-based-pressure-injury-prevention-guidelines-in-routine-clinical-practice-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Wendy Chaboyer, Tracey Bucknall, Brigid Gillespie, Lukman Thalib, Elizabeth McInnes, Julie Considine, Edel Murray, Paula Duffy, Michelle Tuck, Emma Harbeck
The aim of this longitudinal study was to describe adherence to evidence-based pressure injury (PI) prevention guidelines in routine clinical practice in Australian hospitals. Data were analysed from four control sites of a larger-cluster randomised trial of a PI intervention. The sample of 799 included 220 (27·5%) Not at risk, 344 (43·1%) At risk and 110 (13·8%) At high risk patients. A total of 84 (10·5%) patients developed a PI during the study: 20 (9·0% of 220) in the Not at risk group, 45 (13·1% of 344) in the At risk group, 15 (13·6% of 110) in the At high risk group and 4 (3·2% of 125) patients who did not have a risk assessment completed...
July 25, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742608/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-women-s-lacrosse-implications-for-sport-level-and-sex-specific-injury-prevention-strategies
#19
Kim D Barber Foss, Ed Le Cara, Teri McCambridge, Richard Y Hinton, Adam Kushner, Gregory D Myer
OBJECTIVE: By the end of 2013, the United States had an estimated 278 000 female lacrosse players, with half of those participating at the youth level. The effects of the sport's rapid growth on injury rates have yet to be determined. The purpose of this clinical review is to synthesize the available published data on injuries that have occurred in the sport of women's lacrosse. Of particular interest was the risk of injury based on the level of play and position. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, High Wire Press, SPORTDiscus, Google Scholar, and Ovid using the keywords "Lacrosse Injuries," "Epidemiology Lacrosse Injuries," "Lacrosse Injury," "Lacrosse," and "Injury...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742607/pitch-counts-in-youth-baseball-and-softball-a-historical-review
#20
Brian T Feeley, Jessica Schisel, Julie Agel
OBJECTIVE: Pitching injuries are getting increased attention in the mass media. Many references are made to pitch counts and the role they play in injury prevention. The original purpose of regulating the pitch count in youth baseball was to reduce injury and fatigue to pitchers. This article reviews the history and development of the pitch count limit in baseball, the effect it has had on injury, and the evidence regarding injury rates on softball windmill pitching. DATA SOURCE: Literature search through PubMed, mass media, and organizational Web sites through June 2015...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
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