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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551884/habitat-monitoring-and-conservation-prioritisation-of-protected-areas-in-western-ghats-kerala-india
#1
K Athira, C Sudhakar Reddy, K R L Saranya, Shijo Joseph, R Jaishanker
Spatially explicit approach is essential to prioritise the ecosystems for biodiversity conservation. In the present study, the conservation status of 20 protected areas of the Western Ghats of Kerala, India, was analysed based on long-term changes in forests (1975-1985-1995-2005-2013), landscape level changes in fragmentation and forest fires (2005-2015). This study has shown that a significant forest loss occurred in protected areas before declaration. Idukki is one of the major protected areas which showed a drastic reduction (18...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551840/pregnancy-after-endometrial-scratching-in-infertile-couples-undergoing-ovulation-induction-and-intrauterine-insemination-cycles-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Tuhina Goel, Reeta Mahey, Neerja Bhatla, Mani Kalaivani, Sangeeta Pant, Alka Kriplani
PURPOSE: To study the effect of endometrial scratching in infertile couples undergoing ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India. One hundred forty-four women with primary/secondary infertility were recruited. Couples were either unexplained or male factor infertility. Subjects were randomized into intervention (scratching) and control group...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551005/electronic-health-record-use-in-an-affluent-region-in-india-findings-from-a-survey-of-chandigarh-hospitals
#3
Adam C Powell, Jasmine K Ludhar, Yuri Ostrovsky
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the electronic health record (EHR) systems in use in an affluent region of India in order to understand the state-of-the-art within the Indian market. METHODS: A survey on EHR features was created by combining an instrument developed by the Organisation for International Cooperation and Development and an instrument developed by an American team of researchers. An interviewer directly administered the survey to leaders from hospitals in greater Chandigarh which possessed electronic health information systems...
July 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550399/addition-of-second-line-steroid-sparing-immunosuppressants-like-mycophenolate-mofetil-improves-outcome-of-immunoglobulin-g4-related-disease-igg4-rd-a-series-from-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-south-india
#4
Nikhil Gupta, John Mathew, Hindhumathi Mohan, Sudipta Dhar Chowdhury, Reuben Thomas Kurien, D J Christopher, Balamugesh Thangakunam, Mathew Alexander, Ajith Sivadasan, V Tamilarasi, Anna T Valson, Mahasampath Gowri, Jayakanthan Kabeerdoss, Debashish Danda
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic fibro-inflammatory disease. This disease may be associated with elevated serum and tissue IgG4 levels. Early treatment prevents fibrosis and organ damage. We retrospectively studied the clinicopathologic correlation and outcome of treatment in IgG4-RD. This single-center retrospective study was done using electronic records of patients subjected to assay of serum IgG4 levels in our laboratory by nephelometry. There were 473 patients with suspected IgG4-RD. Of them, 41 patients fulfilled comprehensive diagnostic criteria for IgG4-RD and 432 had diseases other than IgG4-RD...
May 26, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549942/tissue-specific-expression-profile-of-some-immune-related-genes-in-labeo-rohita-to-edwardsiella-tarda-infection
#5
Sajal Kole, Deepika Anand, Rupam Sharma, Gayatri Tripathi, Makesh M, Rajendran Kv, Megha Kadam Bedekar
Rohu (Labeo rohita), an Indian Major Carp (IMC) is an economically important aquaculture species in India. Inspite of the technological advances, infectious diseases caused by viruses, bacteria and parasites have been a major limiting factor in the development and profitability of fish farms. At present, information regarding the immune status of the Indian major carps is limited. This lack of knowledge is a major impediment for establishment of effective preventive measures against broad spectrum of infectious agents...
May 23, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549544/genetic-dissection-of-five-ethnic-groups-from-punjab-north-west-india-a-study-based-on-autosomal-markers
#6
Gagandeep Singh, Indu Talwar, Harkirat Singh Sandhu, Kawaljit Matharoo, A J S Bhanwer
The present study assessed the applicability of Alu insertion elements and Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in forensic identification and estimated the extent of genetic variation in five major ethnic groups of Punjab, North-West India. A total of 1012 unrelated samples belonging to Banias, Brahmins, Jat Sikhs, Khatris and Scheduled Castes were genotyped for four Alu elements (ACE, APO, PLAT, D1) and six Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms [ESR (PvuII), LPL (PvuII), HTR2A (MspI), DRD2 Taq1A, Taq1B, Taq1D]...
May 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549390/clinical-and-molecular-monitoring-of-plasmodium-falciparum-resistance-to-antimalarial-drug-artesunate-sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine-in-two-highly-malarious-district-of-madhya-pradesh-central-india-from-2012-2014
#7
Sweta Mishra, Praveen K Bharti, Man M Shukla, Nazia A Ali, Sher S Kashyotia, Avdhesh Kumar, Akshay C Dhariwal, Neeru Singh
The spread of P. falciparum resistant strain has led to a significant resurgence of malaria morbidity and mortality. The current cornerstone in malaria treatment in India is Artemisinin based Combination (Artesunate + Sulphadoxine-Pyrimethamine) Therapy (ACT) for treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria since 2010. In the present study we assessed the therapeutic efficacy of ACT and molecular monitoring of antimalarial resistance. Therapeutic efficacy was determined by in vivo method using 28 days follow-up...
May 26, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548622/fungal-contamination-in-green-coffee-beans-samples-a-public-health-concern
#8
Carla Viegas, Cátia Pacífico, Tiago Faria, Ana Cebola de Oliveira, Liliana Aranha Caetano, Elisabete Carolino, Anita Quintal Gomes, Susana Viegas
Studies on the microbiology of coffee cherries and beans have shown that the predominant toxigenic fungal genera (Aspergillus and Penicillium) are natural coffee contaminants. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of fungi in Coffea arabica L. (Arabica coffee) and Coffea canephora L. var. robusta (Robusta coffee) green coffee samples obtained from different sources at the pre-roasting stage. Twenty-eight green coffee samples from different countries of origin (Brazil, Timor, Honduras, Angola, Vietnam, Costa Rica, Colombia, Guatemala, Nicaragua, India, and Uganda) were evaluated...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548615/social-media-networking-in-pediatric-hydrocephalus-a-point-prevalence-analysis-of-utilization
#9
Ghassan Awad Elkarim, Naif M Alotaibi, Nardin Samuel, Shelly Wang, George M Ibrahim, Aria Fallah, Alexander G Weil, Abhaya V Kulkarni
OBJECTIVE A recent survey has shown that caregivers of children with shunt-treated hydrocephalus frequently use social media networks for support and information gathering. The objective of this study is to describe and assess social media utilization among users interested in hydrocephalus. METHODS Publicly accessible accounts and videos dedicated to the topic of hydrocephalus were comprehensively searched across 3 social media platforms (Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube) throughout March 2016. Summary statistics were calculated on standard metrics of social media popularity...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547956/pap-smears-in-endometrial-adenocarcinoma-does-it-have-a-role
#10
Asma Nadaf, Hephzibah Rani, Parinitha S S, Ravikala Rao, Dinesh Shastri
Background: Historically the conventional Pap smear has been an effective screening tool for Carcinoma cervix. However the reporting of benign and malignant endometrial cells on Pap smear has remained controversial. There are very few studies addressing the utility of Pap smears in diagnosing endometrial carcinomas. Objective: To rescreen the Pap smears of patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma for the detection of normal/ atypical endometrial cells and to correlate with clinico-pathological parameters. Methods: The present study was carried out at SDM College of Medical Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka, India for a period of 7 years...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546968/assessment-of-nonscholastic-abilities-and-its-associated-factors-among-medical-students-an-exploratory-study
#11
S Ganesh Kumar, Sonali Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Nonscholastic abilities among medical students are an important area of concern for the health professionals. Very few studies had been conducted in the past with regard to it. OBJECTIVE: This study was an exploratory study aimed to assess the nonscholastic abilities among medical students in a medical institution in coastal South India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study assessed three broad domains of nonscholastic abilities namely personal qualities, interpersonal activities, and communication skills among 106 medical students using a structured questionnaire (27 questions with a total score of 27)...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546950/genetic-polymorphisms-of-multidrug-and-toxin-extrusion-proteins-mate1-and-mate2-in-south-indian-population
#12
Gerard Marshall Raj, Jayanthi Mathaiyan, Mukta Wyawahare, Katiboina Srinivasa Rao, Rekha Priyadarshini
Introduction: Drug transporters are key determinants of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles of certain drugs. SLC47A1 (MATE1) and SLC47A2 (MATE2) are major efflux transporters involved in the hepatic and renal excretion of many cationic drugs including metformin. Our study was proposed to determine the normative frequencies of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs2289669 and rs12943590 in the SLC47A1 and SLC47A2 genes, respectively, in South Indian population and also to compare those with those of the HapMap populations...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546927/safety-of-hydroimplantation-in-cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome
#13
Tevfik Oğurel, Reyhan Oğurel, Zafer Onaran, Kemal Örnek
AIM: To evaluate the safety of hydroimplantation in cataract surgery in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome. METHODS: This prospective randomized study comprised 100 eyes of 100 consecutive patients who underwent cataract surgery and implantation of foldable intraocular lens (IOL). Each eye was assigned to group 1 or group 2. Hydroimplantation without using viscoelastic agent as group 1 (n=50), and hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (Eyevisc, Biotech, India) was used in group 2 (n=50)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546763/mutation-analysis-of-%C3%AE-thalassemia-in-east-western-indian-population-a-recent-molecular-approach
#14
Parth S Shah, Nidhi D Shah, Hari Shankar P Ray, Nikunj B Khatri, Ketan K Vaghasia, Rutvik J Raval, Sandip C Shah, Mandava V Rao
BACKGROUND: β-Thalassemia is the most prevalent genetic disorder in India. Its traits and coinheritance vary from mild to severe conditions, resulting in thalassemia minor, intermediate, and major, depending upon many factors. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to identify the incidence of β-thalassemia traits, their coinheritance, and mutations, as well as to support the patients already diagnosed with β-thalassemia in East-Western Indian population for better management...
2017: Application of Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546703/histological-surprises-in-benign-cytologies-after-lymph-node-biopsy-surgeon-s-knife-improving-patient-care
#15
Mario Victor Newton, Rakesh S Ramesh, Suraj Manjunath, K ShivaKumar, Hemanth G Nanjappa, Ramu Damuluri, Elvis Peter Joseph, C Prasad
Lymphadenopathy can be due to multitude of causes. Owing to the high prevalence of infectious diseases in India, and malignancy being a life threatening cause for lymphadenopathy; accurate diagnosis is important in preventing delay or misdiagnosis and in improving patient care, thereby increasing longevity with quality. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is the first line investigation commonly done. Should the doctor be contented with the benign FNAC or is a lymph node biopsy needed in this age? The aims of this study are the following: (1) to study the spectral pattern of lymph node biopsies done in a surgical oncology unit of tertiary care centre, (2) to assess the yield of malignant cases from lymph node biopsy and (3) to compare the reliability of benign FNAC with lymph node biopsy...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546668/tale-of-the-tails-the-missing-postpartum-iucd-strings
#16
Sujnanendra Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Using an intrauterine device (IUD) is many times safer than pregnancy and more effective in preventing pregnancy than oral contraceptives, condoms, spermicidal, any barrier method, or natural family planning. Benefits of healthy timing and spacing of pregnancy are many. Postpartum contraception is becoming popular after introduction of PPIUCD services. OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence, management, clinical outcome of missing strings cases in post-placental and intra-cesarean IUCD...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546667/adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-vulva-11%C3%A2-years-single-institution-experience
#17
Leena Rose Johnson, Rema Prabhakaran Nair, Suchetha Sambasivan, Rari P Mony, Jayapriya Gangadharan, Aswin Kumar, Iqbal M Ahamed
INTRODUCTION: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of vulva (ACC-vulva) is an extremely rare entity with <100 cases reported in the literature so far. OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical profile and outcome of ACC-vulva treated at a tertiary cancer care centre in South India. METHODS: This is a retrospective, record-based study of histopathologically confirmed cases of ACC-vulva treated at our centre from January 2005 to March 2016. RESULTS: Only four patients were diagnosed with ACC-vulva during the 11-year period under study...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546665/proposing-a-hybrid-model-based-on-robson-s-classification-for-better-impact-on-trends-of-cesarean-deliveries
#18
Punit Hans, Renu Rohatgi
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To construct a hybrid model classification for cesarean section (CS) deliveries based on the woman-characteristics (Robson's classification with additional layers of indications for CS, keeping in view low-resource settings available in India). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted at Nalanda Medical College, Patna. All the women delivered from January 2016 to May 2016 in the labor ward were included. Results obtained were compared with the values obtained for India, from secondary analysis of WHO multi-country survey (2010-2011) by Joshua Vogel and colleagues' study published in "The Lancet Global Health...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546231/the-brave-new-world-of-biosimilars-similar-biologics-in-india
#19
EDITORIAL
Ramesh Jois
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545833/cognitive-stimulation-therapy-for-dementia-pilot-studies-of-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-cultural-adaptation-for-india
#20
Shruti Raghuraman, Monisha Lakshminarayanan, Sridhar Vaitheswaran, Thara Rangaswamy
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to culturally adapt, translate, and test the feasibility and acceptability of delivering cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) for persons with mild to moderate dementia in Chennai, India. METHODS: The adaptation followed a five-stage process in accordance with the formative method for adapting psychotherapy. Focus-group discussions with experts and feedback from participants, carers, and facilitators after two consecutive pilot studies provided the basis for adaptation...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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