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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786028/evaluation-of-a-distance-learning-academic-support-program-for-medical-graduates-during-rural-hospital-service-in-india
#1
Rashmi Vyas, Anand Zachariah, Isobel Swamidasan, Priya Doris, Ilene Harris
Background: Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore, India, a tertiary care hospital, designed a year-long Fellowship in Secondary Hospital Medicine (FSHM) for CMC graduates, with the aim to support them during rural service and be motivated to consider practicing in these hospitals. The FSHM was a blend of 15 paper-based distance learning modules, 3 contact sessions, community project work, and networking. This paper reports on the evaluation of the FSHM program. Methods: The curriculum development process for the FSHM reflected the six-step approach including problem identification, needs assessment, formulating objectives, selecting educational strategies, implementation, and evaluation...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786027/curriculum-development-for-a-module-on-noncommunicable-diseases-for-the-master-of-public-health-program
#2
Anu Mary Oommen, Rashmi Vyas, Minnie Faith, Dhayakani Selvakumar, Kuryan George
Background: As the burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has been rising globally, various educational programs have introduced chronic disease epidemiology teaching, which is now a component of most of the Master of Public Health (MPH) programs. However, the process of curriculum development for these courses has not been adequately documented for use by educators planning such courses. Methods: A detailed process of curriculum development based on David Kern's six-step approach was undertaken for a 2-week course on NCDs, as part of the MPH program of a tertiary institution in South India...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786024/needs-assessment-of-ophthalmology-education-for-undergraduate-medical-students-a-study-from-a-medical-college-in-south-india
#3
Karuppannasamy Divya, Kannappan Suvetha, Alo Sen, Devisundaram Sundar
Background: Adequate ophthalmic diagnostic and clinical skills are essential for practitioners in primary care settings as well as specialty care physicians. The objectives of this study were to assess the adequacy of ophthalmology teaching in undergraduate medical education and to evaluate the comfort of medical students in diagnosing common eye problems and performing ophthalmic skills. Methods: A questionnaire based, cross-sectional survey was conducted among third-year undergraduate students from a medical college in South India at the end of ophthalmology training from February 2014 to December 2014...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785995/impact-on-the-pattern-of-ocular-injuries-and-awareness-following-a-ban-on-firecrackers-in-new-delhi-a-tertiary-eye-hospital-based-study
#4
Amar Pujari, Atul Kumar, Rohan Chawla, Sudarshan Khokhar, Divya Agarwal, Meghal Gagrani, Namrata Sharma, Pradeep Sharma
Purpose: To review the nature of firecracker-related ocular injuries at a tertiary eye hospital in northern India following the firecracker ban and also to review the level of awareness among the victims. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study involving the patients presenting with firecracker-related ocular injuries from October 18 to 27, 2017 were assessed for demographic distribution, detailed ocular evaluation, and a questionnaire related to the awareness about the injuries...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785991/all-india-ophthalmological-society-members-survey-results-cataract-surgery-antibiotic-prophylaxis-current-practice-pattern-2017
#5
Prafulla Kumar Maharana, Jay K Chhablani, Tara Prasad Das, Atul Kumar, Namrata Sharma
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to document the current practice pattern of Indian ophthalmologists for antibiotic prophylaxis in cataract surgery to prevent endophthalmitis. Methods: Fifteen structured questions were sent online to all ophthalmologists registered with the All India Ophthalmological Society. The questionnaire was divided into three main categories of prophylaxis - preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative. A web-based anonymous survey was conducted, and a unique response link allowed completing the survey only once...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785989/cerebral-visual-impairment-in-children-causes-and-associated-ophthalmological-problems
#6
Niranjan Pehere, Pratik Chougule, Gordon N Dutton
Purpose: The aim of this study is to identify common causes, associated ophthalmological abnormalities, and systemic comorbidities in children in Andhra Pradesh, India, with cerebral visual impairment (CVI). Methods: A retrospective review of case records of all children aged <16 years with diagnosis of CVI seen between January 2016 and December 2016 was carried out. Data were collected for their age, gender, cause of CVI, refraction, accommodation, anterior and posterior segment examination findings, and systemic problems...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785984/residency-evaluation-and-adherence-design-study-iii-ophthalmology-residency-training-in-india-then-and-now-improving-with-time
#7
Partha Biswas, Parikshit Madhav Gogate, Quresh Badr Maskati, Sundaram Natarajan, Lalit Verma, Payal K Bansal
Purpose: To gauge the differences in ophthalmology residency training, academic, clinical and surgical, in the last three decades of the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st century. Methods: A survey was conducted by the Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmological Society, in 2014-2016, using a prevalidated questionnaire, which was circulated to ophthalmologists to gauge the practicality of the teaching protocols of clinical and surgical skills during postgraduate residency program...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785982/a-national-curriculum-for-ophthalmology-residency-training
#8
Ashok Kumar Grover, Santosh G Honavar, Rajvardhan Azad, Lalit Verma
We present a residency curriculum for Ophthalmology in India. The document derives from a workshop by the All India Ophthalmological Society (AlOS) which adapted the International Council of Ophthalmology residency curriculum and refined and customized it based on inputs by the residency program directors who participated in the work shop. The curriculum describes the course content, lays down the minimum requirements of infrastructure and mandates diagnostic and therapeutic procedures required for optimal training...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785979/residency-training-in-india-time-for-a-course-correction
#9
EDITORIAL
Ashok Kumar Grover
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785978/elevating-ophthalmic-education-and-practice-in-india
#10
EDITORIAL
Bruce E Spivey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785977/steps-to-standardize-ophthalmology-residency-programs-in-india
#11
EDITORIAL
Santosh G Honavar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785398/marker-assisted-introgression-of-saltol-qtl-enhances-seedling-stage-salt-tolerance-in-the-rice-variety-pusa-basmati-1
#12
Vivek Kumar Singh, Brahma Deo Singh, Amit Kumar, Sadhna Maurya, Subbaiyan Gopala Krishnan, Kunnummal Kurungara Vinod, Madan Pal Singh, Ranjith Kumar Ellur, Prolay Kumar Bhowmick, Ashok Kumar Singh
Marker-assisted selection is an unequivocal translational research tool for crop improvement in the genomics era. Pusa Basmati 1 (PB1) is an elite Indian Basmati rice cultivar sensitive to salinity. Here, we report enhanced seedling stage salt tolerance in improved PB1 genotypes developed through marker-assisted transfer of a major QTL, Saltol . A highly salt tolerant line, FL478, was used as the Saltol donor. Parental polymorphism survey using 456 microsatellite (SSR)/QTL-linked markers revealed 14.3% polymorphism between PB1 and FL478...
2018: International Journal of Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785213/a-case-series-and-review-of-bacillus-cereus-endocarditis-from-india
#13
Anusha Gopinathan, Anil Kumar, Amitabh C Sen, Srisruthy Sudha, Praveen Varma, Sunil Gs, Malini Eapen, Kavitha R Dinesh
Introduction: Bacillus cereus is a gram positive bacilli found commonly in the soil and environment. It is a bacteria rarely associated with endocarditis. Case History: Intravenous drug abuse, presence of valvular defects, pacemakers, immunodeficiency are some of the known risk factors for B.cereus endocarditis. We present here a case series of two patients with B.cereus endocarditis along with a review of the literature. Conclusion: This is the first report of B...
2018: Open Microbiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785159/assessment-of-the-quality-of-life-and-performance-status-in-patients-with-oral-submucous-fibrosis-in-central-india
#14
Revant H Chole, Ranjitkumar Patil
Background and aims: Measuring quality of life in patients with oral submucous fibrosis is of utmost importance in assessing treatment outcomes. This study examined the impact of oral submucous fibrosis and its treatment on the quality of life and performance status of persons with oral submucous fibrosis. Methods: Quality of life was measured in patients with oral submucous fibrosis using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life head and neck 35 Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C35); performance status was measured by Performance Status Scale for Head and Neck Cancer Patients (PSS-HN), at four points in time: baseline, one month, two months and three months after start of treatment...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785069/genetic-characterization-of-chikungunya-virus-2009-isolates-from-south-india
#15
Gopalsamy Sarangan, Seema A Nayar, Monika Mani, Sudharsana Sundarrajan, Sathish Sankar, Gunasekaran Palani, Gracy Fathima Selvaraj, Jayachandran Damodharan, Karuppaiah Muthumani, Padma Srikanth
Chikungunya Virus (CHIKV) is a single stranded positive sense enveloped RNA virus. Re-emergence of CHIKV caused a massive outbreak with severe clinical manifestation affecting multiple organs. The genetic diversity of CHIKV, which caused recurring outbreaks in India, was studied. Blood samples were collected from suspected human cases of CHIKV infection in Chennai, Tamil Nadu and three Northern districts of Kerala in Southern India during the CHIKV outbreak in 2009. A partial E2 gene segment was amplified by RT-PCR...
2018: Bioinformation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784796/paleocene-ipomoea-convolvulaceae-from-india-with-implications-for-an-east-gondwana-origin-of-convolvulaceae
#16
Gaurav Srivastava, Rakesh C Mehrotra, David L Dilcher
The morning glory family, Convolvulaceae, is globally important in medicine and food crops. The family has worldwide distribution in a variety of habitats; however, its fossil record is very poorly documented. The current fossil record suggests an origin in North America, which is in contrast to molecular data that indicate an East Gondwana origin. We report Ipomoea leaves from the late Paleocene (Thanetian; 58.7-55.8 million years ago) of India, which was a part of East Gondwana during this time. This is the earliest fossil record for both the family Convolvulaceae and the order Solanales...
May 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783915/rape-myth-acceptance-in-contemporary-times-a-comparative-study-of-university-students-in-india-and-the-united-kingdom
#17
Ravinder Barn, Ráchael A Powers
Much of the literature on rape, victim blaming, and rape myth acceptance is focused on the United States, and there is a general dearth of such scholarly activity in other countries. This article offers insights on university students' perspectives in two new country contexts-India and the United Kingdom. A total of 693 students contributed to the data collection for this study. Rape myth acceptance was fairly low for both countries, however, students in India were more likely to endorse rape myths. Several demographic characteristics were significant for rape myth acceptance in each country...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783869/is-hinduism-ambivalent-about-suicide
#18
Lakshmi Vijayakumar, Sujit John
BACKGROUND: Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world and has over 1.1 billion adherents comprising about 16% of the global population living mainly in India and Nepal. The stand of Hinduism on suicide has been ambiguous through the ages, on one hand, condemning general suicides, while condoning religious suicides on the other. This ambiguity is reflected in contemporary India and among the Indian diaspora. AIMS: To examine the stand of Hinduism as a religion in the context of suicide...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782528/threat-of-wheat-blast-to-south-asia-s-food-security-an-ex-ante-analysis
#19
Khondoker Abdul Mottaleb, Pawan Kumar Singh, Kai Sonder, Gideon Kruseman, Thakur Prasad Tiwari, Naresh C D Barma, Paritosh Kumar Malaker, Hans-Joachim Braun, Olaf Erenstein
New biotic stresses have emerged around the globe over the last decades threatening food safety and security. In 2016, scientists confirmed the presence of the devastating wheat-blast disease in Bangladesh, South Asia-its first occurrence outside South America. Severely blast-affected wheat fields had their grain yield wiped out. This poses a severe threat to food security in a densely-populated region with millions of poor inhabitants where wheat is a major staple crop and per capita wheat consumption has been increasing...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782444/prevalence-of-hearing-impairment-in-mahabubnagar-district-telangana-state-india
#20
Tess Bright, Islay Mactaggart, Hannah Kuper, G V Murthy, Sarah Polack
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of hearing impairment in Mahabubnagar district, Telangana state, India. METHODS: A population-based prevalence survey of hearing impairment was undertaken in 2014. Fifty-one clusters of 80 people aged 6 months and older were selected using probability-proportionate-to-size sampling. A two-stage hearing screening was conducted using otoacoustic emissions on all participants followed by pure-tone audiometry on those aged 4 years and older who failed otoacoustic emissions...
May 16, 2018: Ear and Hearing
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