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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098188/insecticide-resistance-status-in-the-whitefly-bemisia-tabaci-genetic-groups-asia-i-asia-ii-1-and-asia-ii-7-on-the-indian-subcontinent
#1
N C Naveen, Rahul Chaubey, Dinesh Kumar, K B Rebijith, Raman Rajagopal, B Subrahmanyam, S Subramanian
The present study is a summary of the current level of the insecticide resistance to selected organophosphates, pyrethroids, and neonicotinoids in seven Indian field populations of Bemisia tabaci genetic groups Asia-I, Asia-II-1, and Asia-II-7. Susceptibility of these populations was varied with Asia-II-7 being the most susceptible, while Asia-I and Asia-II-1 populations were showing significant resistance to these insecticides. The variability of the LC50 values was 7x for imidacloprid and thiamethoxam, 5x for monocrotophos and 3x for cypermethrin among the Asia-I, while, they were 7x for cypermethrin, 6x for deltamethrin and 5x for imidacloprid within the Asia-II-1 populations...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098101/insulin-resistance-in-predialytic-nondiabetic-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-hospital-based-study-in-eastern-uttar-pradesh-india
#2
Neha Srivastava, R G Singh, Alok Kumar, Shivendra Singh
Most investigations have focused on patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). More recently, due to increased recognition of the high prevalence of moderate-to-severe chronic kidney disease (CKD), attention has been redirected to this patient population to identify risk factors associated with hospitalization, death, and progression to ESRD. The objective of this study was to examine the degree and determinants of insulin resistance (IR) in predialytic, nondiabetic, CKD patients. Our study is a hospital-based cross-sectional study...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098082/occupational-health-profile-of-workers-employed-in-the-manufacturing-sector-of-india
#3
REVIEW
Shivali Suri, Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: The occupational health scenario of workers engaged in the manufacturing sector in India deserves attention for their safety and increasing productivity. We reviewed the status of the manufacturing sector, identified hazards faced by workers, and assessed the existing legislations and healthcare delivery mechanisms. METHODS: From October 2014 to March 2015, we did a literature review by manual search of pre-identified journals, general electronic search, electronic search of dedicated websites/databases and personal communication with experts of occupational health...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098081/is-tobacco-use-increasing-among-medical-students-of-bengaluru-city-india-evidence-from-two-cross-sectional-studies
#4
Prem K Mony
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating secular changes in tobacco use are rare in India. We estimated self-reported prevalence of tobacco use, across a 5-year interval, among medical students in Bengaluru, India. METHODS: We did two cross-sectional studies during 2007 and 2013 among third year undergraduate medical students of four medical colleges in Bengaluru. A self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit information on tobacco smoking and chewing. RESULTS: The participation rates were 82% (323/395) in 2007 and 78% (253/324) in 2013 (p=0...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098080/access-to-healthcare-among-the-empowered-action-group-eag-states-of-india-current-status-and-impeding-factors
#5
Virendra Kumar, Pushpendra Singh
BACKGROUND: Access to healthcare is crucial for meeting the health needs of Indians. We explored factors impeding access to public sources of healthcare among the Empowered Action Group (EAG) states of India. We also examined the extent to which Indians depend on public and private sources of healthcare in the EAG states. METHODS: Our study is based on the unit-level records of 9988 ailing persons, who were surveyed among the EAG states in the 71st round of the National Sample Survey (NSS), conducted during January-June 2014 on the theme 'Social consumption: Health'...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098078/knowledge-attitude-and-behaviour-of-the-general-population-towards-organ-donation-an-indian-perspective
#6
Poreddi Vijayalakshmi, T S Sunitha, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Rohini Thimmaiah, Suresh Bada Math
BACKGROUND: The rate of organ donation in India is low and research on organ donation among the general population is limited. We assessed the knowledge, attitude and willingness to donate organs among the general population. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional descriptive study among 193 randomly selected relatives of patients (not of those seeking organ donation) attending the outpatient department at a tertiary care centre. We used a structured questionnaire to collect data through face-to-face interviews...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097656/palliation-and-breast-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Cheng-Har Yip
Metastatic breast cancer is an incurable disease. With improvement in systemic therapy, survival has improved over the past few years. Removing the primary tumor has shown improved survival in retrospective studies, but this may be due to selection bias. The first reported randomized controlled trial (RCT) from India showed no difference in survival with surgery. However another RCT from Turkey showed that a select group of patient with bone-only metastases have a survival benefit.
January 18, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097354/global-burden-of-hypertension-and-systolic-blood-pressure-of-at-least-110-to-115-mm-hg-1990-2015
#8
Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Patrick Liu, Gregory A Roth, Marie Ng, Stan Biryukov, Laurie Marczak, Lily Alexander, Kara Estep, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Tomi F Akinyemiju, Raghib Ali, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Peter Azzopardi, Amitava Banerjee, Till Bärnighausen, Arindam Basu, Tolesa Bekele, Derrick A Bennett, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Ferrán Catalá-López, Valery L Feigin, Joao C Fernandes, Florian Fischer, Alemseged Aregay Gebru, Philimon Gona, Rajeev Gupta, Graeme J Hankey, Jost B Jonas, Suzanne E Judd, Young-Ho Khang, Ardeshir Khosravi, Yun Jin Kim, Ruth W Kimokoti, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Dhaval Kolte, Alan Lopez, Paulo A Lotufo, Reza Malekzadeh, Yohannes Adama Melaku, George A Mensah, Awoke Misganaw, Ali H Mokdad, Andrew E Moran, Haseeb Nawaz, Bruce Neal, Frida Namnyak Ngalesoni, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Farshad Pourmalek, Anwar Rafay, Rajesh Kumar Rai, David Rojas-Rueda, Uchechukwu K Sampson, Itamar S Santos, Monika Sawhney, Aletta E Schutte, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Girma Temam Shifa, Ivy Shiue, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Amanda G Thrift, Marcello Tonelli, Thomas Truelsen, Nikolaos Tsilimparis, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Olalekan A Uthman, Tommi Vasankari, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Theo Vos, Ronny Westerman, Lijing L Yan, Yuichiro Yano, Naohiro Yonemoto, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Christopher J L Murray
Importance: Elevated systolic blood (SBP) pressure is a leading global health risk. Quantifying the levels of SBP is important to guide prevention policies and interventions. Objective: To estimate the association between SBP of at least 110 to 115 mm Hg and SBP of 140 mm Hg or higher and the burden of different causes of death and disability by age and sex for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015. Design: A comparative risk assessment of health loss related to SBP...
January 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097169/molecular-characterization-of-argulus-bengalensis-and-argulus-siamensis-crustacea-argulidae-infecting-the-cultured-carps-in-west-bengal-india-using-18s-rrna-gene-sequences
#9
Avijit Patra, Anjan Mondal, Sayani Banerjee, Harresh Adikesavalu, Siddhartha Narayan Joardar, Thangapalam Jawahar Abraham
The present study characterized Argulus spp. infecting the cultured carps using 18S rRNA gene sequences, estimated the genetic similarity among Argulus spp. and established their phylogenetic relationship. Of the 320 fish samples screened, 34 fish (10.6%) had Argulus infection. The parasitic frequency index (PFI) was observed to be high (20%) in Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Labeo bata. The frequency of infection was high in September (PFI: 17%) and October (PFI: 12.9%). The 18S rRNA sequences of five A. bengalensis (KF583878, KF192316, KM016968, KM016969, and KM016970) and one A...
September 2016: Molecular Biology Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096645/peri-and-post-menopausal-women-with-complex-adnexal-masses-ascites-and-raised-ca-125-is-it-ovarian-cancer-or-tuberculosis
#10
Rashmi Bagga, Tanuja Muthyala, Subhas Chandra Saha, Shalini Gainder, Pradip Kumar Saha, Radhika Srinivasan, Arvind Rajwanshi, Nalini Gupta
Pelvic and peritoneal tuberculosis may resemble advanced ovarian cancer due to the presence of ascites, complex adnexal masses, peritoneal deposits and raised CA-125 level, especially in peri- and postmenopausal women. Other common features among women with these two conditions are abdominal pain and distension, weight loss and reduced appetite. As the treatment of pelvic-peritoneal tuberculosis is completely different from that of ovarian cancer, it is important to reach a correct diagnosis. Sometimes women with pelvic-peritoneal tuberculosis may be subjected to a laparotomy for suspected ovarian cancer which is likely to increase their morbidity...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096640/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-pre-and-post-menopausal-women-a-prospective-study-from-apex-institute-of-north-india
#11
Sandeep Sharma, Neelam Aggarwal, Bharti Joshi, Vanita Suri, Sanjay Badada
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MS) (syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome) is a constellation of metabolic abnormalities and a complex predisease state that predicts future development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Menopausal transition and postmenopausal state are considered as a vulnerable period for developing MS, and this increased risk has been attributed to decreasing estrogen levels with an increasing risk of insulin resistance following menopause...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096606/phylogenetic-analysis-of-glycoprotein-b-gene-sequences-of-bovine-herpesvirus-1-isolates-from-india-reveals-the-predominance-of-subtype-1-1
#12
S S Patil, A Prajapati, D Hemadri, K P Suresh, G S Desai, G B Manjunatha Reddy, B M Chandranaik, S Ranganatha, H Rahman
AIM: This study was conducted for the isolation and molecular characterization of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) isolated from the nasal and vaginal swabs collected from naturally infected cattle showing clinical symptoms of the respiratory disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Isolation of BoHV-1 virus performed on clinical samples collected from 65 cattle from five states of India. The BoHV-1 isolates were further confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using primers specific for glycoprotein B (gB) genomic region...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096602/surface-plasmon-resonance-based-biosensor-a-new-platform-for-rapid-diagnosis-of-livestock-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Pravas Ranjan Sahoo, Parthasarathi Swain, Sudhanshu Mohan Nayak, Sudam Bag, Smruti Ranjan Mishra
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) based biosensors are the most advanced and developed optical label-free biosensor technique used for powerful detection with vast applications in environmental protection, biotechnology, medical diagnostics, drug screening, food safety, and security as well in livestock sector. The livestock sector which contributes the largest economy of India, harbors many bacterial, viral, and fungal diseases impacting a great loss to the production and productive potential which is a major concern in both small and large ruminants...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096145/association-of-household-wealth-index-educational-status-and-social-capital-with-hypertension-awareness-treatment-and-control-in-south-asia
#14
Rajeev Gupta, Manmeet Kaur, Shofiqul Islam, Viswanathan Mohan, Prem Mony, Rajesh Kumar, Vellappillil Raman Kutty, Romaina Iqbal, Omar Rahman, Mohan Deepa, Justy Antony, Krishnapillai Vijaykumar, Khawar Kazmi, Rita Yusuf, Indu Mohan, Raja Babu Panwar, Sumathy Rangarajan, Salim Yusuf
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension control rates are low in South Asia. To determine association of measures of socioeconomic status (wealth, education, and social capital) with hypertension awareness, treatment, and control among urban and rural subjects in these countries we performed the present study. METHODS: We enrolled 33,423 subjects aged 35-70 years (women 56%, rural 53%, low-education status 51%, low household wealth 25%, low-social capital 33%) in 150 communities in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh during 2003-2009...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095992/changes-in-ecosystem-carbon-pool-and-soil-co2-flux-following-post-mine-reclamation-in-dry-tropical-environment-india
#15
Jitendra Ahirwal, Subodh Kumar Maiti, Ashok Kumar Singh
Open strip mining of coal results in loss of natural carbon (C) sink and increased emission of CO2 into the atmosphere. A field study was carried out at five revegetated coal mine lands (7, 8, 9, 10 and 11years) to assess the impact of the reclamation on soil properties, accretion of soil organic C (SOC) and nitrogen (N) stock, changes in ecosystem C pool and soil CO2 flux. We estimated the presence of C in the tree biomass, soils, litter and microbial biomass to determine the total C sequestration potential of the post mining reclaimed land...
January 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095802/a-case-control-study-investigating-factors-associated-with-high-infant-death-in-saiha-district-of-mizoram-india-bordering-myanmar
#16
Alok K Deb, Shanta Dutta, Chhaihlo Hnichho, Mary Vanlalpeki, Hli Thapi Phosa, Khaila Rakhu, Samuel Lalfakawma Fanai, Manoj Chakrabarti, Samiran Panda
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality has dropped considerably in India over the last 5 years. A sharp contrast to this decline in national average of infant mortality is the rate recorded during 2014-2015 from the southernmost district of Saiha, Mizoram having a common international border with Myanmar. As this district specific rate (113 per 1000 live births) is 3 times higher compared to the national and state average, the present investigation was carried out to identify associated factors...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095796/a-severe-case-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-and-liposomal-amphotericin-b-treatment-failure-in-an-immunosuppressed-patient-15%C3%A2-years-after-exposure
#17
Anna Eichenberger, Annina E Buechi, Andreas Neumayr, Chistroph Hatz, Andri Rauch, Marc Huguenot, Eva Diamantis-Karamitopoulou, Cornelia Staehelin
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a protozoan disease, which is responsible for 200.000-400.000 yearly infections worldwide. If left untreated, the fatality rate can be as high as 100% within 2 years. 90% of cases occur in just six countries: India, Bangladesh, Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Brazil. It is thus a disease rarely seen by physicians in Europe or North America. We report on the fatal case of VL in an 80-year-old immunosuppressed patient who presented with a latency of over 15 years after having visited an endemic region...
January 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095708/locational-comparison-of-essential-oils-from-selected-conifers-of-himachal-pradesh
#18
Shruti Sharma, Vinod Bhatt, Neeraj Kumar, Bikram Singh, Upendra Sharma
Nine samples of essential oil from needles of three conifers of Pinacea family namely Abies pindrow, Picea smithiana and Cedrus deodara collected from three different locations of Himachal Pradesh (India) were evaluated using gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. A total of 31, 17 and 13 compounds were identified from essential oil of A. pindrow, P. smithiana and C. deodara, respectively. Among the characterised components, monoterpenoid hydrocarbons were predominated. α-Pinene, β-pinene, β-merycene, limonene and camphene were characterised as major components...
January 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095659/molecular-characterization-of-nippostrongylus-brasiliensis-nematoda-heligmosomatidae-from-mus-musculus-in-india
#19
Anshu Chaudhary, Urvashi Goswami, Hridaya Shanker Singh
Mus musculus (Rodentia: Muridae) has generally been infected with a rodent hookworm Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. In this report, we present morphological and molecular identification of N. brasiliensis by light and scanning electron microscopy and PCR amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) gene and the protein sequences encoded by cox1 gene, respectively. Despite the use of N. brasiliensis in many biochemistry studies from India, their taxonomic identification was not fully understood, especially at the species level, and no molecular data is available in GenBank from India...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095658/therapeutic-assessment-of-primaquine-for-radical-cure-of-plasmodium-vivax-malaria-at-primary-and-tertiary-care-centres-in-southwestern-india
#20
Rishikesh Kumar, Vasudeva Guddattu, Kavitha Saravu
Acquaintance is scanty on primaquine (PQ) efficacy and Plasmodium vivax recurrence in Udupi district, Karnataka, India. We assessed the efficacy of 14 days PQ regimen (0.25 mg/kg/day) to prevent P. vivax recurrence. Microscopically, aparasitemic adults (≥18 years) after acute vivax malaria on day 28 were re-enrolled into 15 months' long follow-up study. A peripheral blood smear examination was performed with participants at every 1-2 month interval. A nested PCR test was performed to confirm the mono-infection with P...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
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