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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239760/incidence-and-outcome-of-acute-cardiorenal-syndrome-in-hospitalized-children
#1
Vivek Athwani, Maneesha Bhargava, Rahul Chanchlani, Amar Jeet Mehta
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence, etiology and outcome of Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) in hospitalized children. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was carried out in 242 children between 6 mo to 18 y of age hospitalized with primary cardiac, renal or any systemic disorder at a tertiary care center in India. The primary outcome was the development of CRS. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to determine the risk of mortality secondary to CRS...
February 27, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239592/hand-dominance-and-blood-group-association-in-epistaxis
#2
Leena Jain, Sadat Qureshi, Ashish Maurya, Shalini Jadia, S Mrityunjay
The present work was undertaken to study the association of epistaxis with hand dominance and blood group. The present cross sectional study was conducted among 360 cases of epistaxis who reported to the E.N.T outpatient department of tertiary care centre in central India during the period of July 2014 to July 2015. Examination was carried out by self prepared Performa which included demographic information, detailed history and clinical examination findings. Total of 360 patients were included in the study, the mean age being 31...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239590/socio-demographic-correlates-of-rhinosporidiosis-a-hospital-based-epidemiologic-study-in-purulia-india
#3
Sirshak Dutta, Dibakar Haldar, Mainak Dutta, Sabyasachi Barik, Kaustuv Das Biswas, Ramanuj Sinha
The present paper attempts to explore the socio-demographic profile of patients with rhinosporidiosis in an endemic area. A cross-sectional study was carried out in a tertiary-care hospital in Purulia district, India, including consecutive patients with histologically-proved rhinosporidiosis. Their socio-demographic profiles were obtained through a pre-designed proforma with given epidemiologic parameters. Data was statistically analyzed with inputs from literature review. Of the 39 patients included, 87 % were fresh/new cases...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239586/triamcinolone-impregnated-nasal-pack-in-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-our-experience
#4
V Sabarinath, M R Harish, Shilpa Divakaran
The selection of an effective packing method to prevent postoperative complications and recurrence following Endoscopic Sinus Surgery remains ambiguous at present. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of Triamcinolone impregnated nasal pack in Endoscopic Sinus Surgery, in the prevention of postoperative crusting, edema, infection and recurrence. This study was an interventional randomized placebo-controlled study, conducted at a tertiary care centre in South India between February 2015 and May 2016, after getting approval from Institute Ethical Committee...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239579/neck-trauma-ent-prospects
#5
Kavita Sachdeva, Aparaajita Upadhyay
Neck trauma is a very important surgical emergency faced by ENT surgeons in day to day practice. They are potentially life threatening conditions due to the presence of many vital structures in this area. Timely presentation to the referral centre and proper multidisciplinary approach towards management plays a pivotal role in the healing pattern of the wound and prevention of serious complication like shock, sepsis, laryngeal stenosis or fistula formation. A retrospective study was done in ENT Department, NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India during the period of 2014-2016...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239573/role-of-buccal-pad-of-fat-in-reconstruction-of-the-buccal-mucosa-defects
#6
A Sagayaraj, N Divya Jyothi, S M Azeem Mohiyuddin, Ravindra P Deo, B Vageesh Padiyar
Carcinoma buccal mucosa is the most common oral cavity cancer in India. Following excision of these lesions the defects can be reconstructed using various reconstructive techniques. Buccal pad of fat has been successfully used in the reconstruction of small palatal defects and in the closure of the oro antral fistula. This study aims at evaluating the role of buccal pad of fat in reconstruction of defects following excision of the small to medium premalignant lesions and T1-T2 malignant lesions of buccal mucosa...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239572/study-of-ulcero-membranous-lesions-of-tonsil-in-an-indian-scenario
#7
D Sridhar Reddy, A Shoban Babu, J B S Rathod, Ch Sravan Kumar, S Rajesh
'Ulcero-membranous lesions over tonsil' is a special entity, which puzzles every physician and surgeon because of it's diverse etiology. Every insult to the tonsil heals by ulcer and later membrane formation. A retrospective study has been conducted at our institute to analyse the cases of ulcero-membranous lesions of tonsil in terms of etiology, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment protocols and outcome in an Indian context. Diphtheria, if not detected early and treated, can lead to significant morbidity and mortality because of critical complications...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239554/the-development-and-characterization-of-a-novel-yet-simple-3d-printed-tool-to-facilitate-phantom-imaging-of-photoacoustic-contrast-agents
#8
Santiago J Arconada-Alvarez, Jeanne E Lemaster, Junxin Wang, Jesse V Jokerst
We report a new approach to preparing phantoms using 3D printing. This device supports plastic tubing containing the contrast agent and is immersed in a solution with absorption or scattering properties that mimic tissue. Up to 12 tubing samples could be placed in the device with sample-to-sample spacing as low as 0.3 mm and at a constant distance from the transducer (±0.16 mm), which is critical in validating photoacoustic contrast agents. We also studied different types of tubing and found that tubing with a larger outside diameter has more inherent signal...
March 2017: Photoacoustics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239550/metagenomic-exploration-of-microbial-community-in-mine-tailings-of-malanjkhand-copper-project-india
#9
Abhishek Gupta, Avishek Dutta, Jayeeta Sarkar, Dhiraj Paul, Mruganka Kumar Panigrahi, Pinaki Sar
Mine tailings from copper mines are considered as one of the sources of highly hazardous acid mine drainage (AMD) due to bio-oxidation of its sulfidic constituents. This study was designed to understand microbial community composition and potential for acid generation using samples from mine tailings of Malanjkhand copper project (MCP), India through 16S rRNA gene based amplicon sequencing approach (targeting V4 region). Three tailings samples (T1, T2 and T3) with varied physiochemical properties selected for the study revealed distinct microbial assemblages...
June 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239319/prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-hepatitis-c-and-human-immunodeficiency-viral-infections-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-north-india
#10
Parnita Harsh, Vipin Gupta, Saurabh Kedia, Sawan Bopanna, Sucharita Pilli, Surendernath, Govind Kumar Makharia, Vineet Ahuja
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) often require immunosuppressive therapy and blood transfusions and therefore are at a high risk of contracting infections due to hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In the present study, we assessed the prevalence of these infections in patients with IBD. METHODS: This retrospective study included 908 consecutive patients with IBD (ulcerative colitis [UC], n=581; Crohn's disease [CD], n=327) who were receiving care at a tertiary care center...
January 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238804/challenges-in-diagnosing-and-treating-snakebites-in-a-rural-population-of-tamil-nadu-india-the-views-of-clinicians
#11
Harry F Williams, Rajendran Vaiyapuri, Prabu Gajjeraman, Gail Hutchinson, Jonathan M Gibbins, Andrew Bicknell, Sakthivel Vaiyapuri
Snakebites cause death, disability and economic devastation to their victims, people who live almost exclusively in rural areas. Annually an estimated two million venomous bites cause as many as 100,000 deaths worldwide as well as hundreds of thousands of deformities and amputations. Recent studies suggest that India has the highest incidence of snakebite and associated deaths worldwide. In this study, we interviewed 25 hospital-based clinicians who regularly treat snakebites in Tamil Nadu, India, in order to gauge their opinions and views on the diagnostic tools and treatment methods available at that time, the difficulties encountered in treating snakebites and improvements to snakebite management protocols they deem necessary...
February 23, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238627/a-systematic-review-of-east-african-indian-family-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-brazil
#12
Tonya Azevedo Duarte, Joilda Silva Nery, Neio Boechat, Susan Martins Pereira, Vera Simonsen, Martha Oliveira, Maria Gabriela Miranda Gomes, Carlos Penha-Gonçalves, Mauricio Lima Barreto, Theolis Barbosa
INTRODUCTION: The Mycobacterium tuberculosis East African-Indian (EAI) spoligotyping family (belonging to lineage 1, Indo-Oceanic, defined by the region of deletion RD239) is distributed worldwide, but is more prevalent in Southeast Asia, India, and East Africa. Studies in Latin America have rarely identified EAI. In this study, we describe the occurrence of the EAI family in Brazil. METHODS: EAI was identified in a systematic literature review of genetic diversity studies pertaining to M...
February 23, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238487/human-waste-an-underestimated-source-of-nutrient-pollution-in-coastal-seas-of-bangladesh-india-and-pakistan
#13
Md Nurul Amin, Carolien Kroeze, Maryna Strokal
Many people practice open defecation in south Asia. As a result, lot of human waste containing nutrients such as nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) enter rivers. Rivers transport these nutrients to coastal waters, resulting in marine pollution. This source of nutrient pollution is, however, ignored in many nutrient models. We quantify nutrient export by large rivers to coastal seas of Bangladesh, India and Pakistan, and the associated eutrophication potential in 2000 and 2050. Our new estimates for N and P inputs from human waste are one to two orders of magnitude higher than earlier model calculations...
February 23, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238291/modelling-the-risk-factors-for-birth-weight-in-twin-gestations-a-quantile-regression-approach
#14
A John Michael, Belavendra Antonisamy, S Mahasampath Gowri, Ramasami Prakash
Birth weight is used as a proxy for the general health condition of newborns. Low birth weight leads to adverse events and its effects on child growth are both short- and long-term. Low birth weight babies are more common in twin gestations. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of maternal and socio-demographic risk factors at various quantiles of the birth weight distribution for twin gestations using quantile regression, a robust semi-parametric technique. Birth records of multiple pregnancies from between 1991 and 2005 were identified retrospectively from the birth registry of the Christian Medical College and hospitals in Vellore, India...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238245/rheumatic-fever-and-rheumatic-heart-disease-collaboration-patterns-and-research-core-topics
#15
Alejandro Salinas, Gregorio González, Jose Manuel Ramos
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) are important health problems in developing countries. The study aim was to provide a review and content analysis of the scientific literature on rheumatic fever and RHD over a 70-year period. METHODS: Medline was employed via the online PubMed service of the US National Library of Medicine, to search for all documents containing the MeSH terms 'rheumatic fever' or 'rheumatic heart disease' between January 1945 and December 2013...
September 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237953/evaluating-the-relative-effectiveness-of-high-intensity-and-low-intensity-models-of-behaviour-change-communication-interventions-for-abortion-care-seeking-in-bihar-and-jharkhand-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Sushanta K Banerjee, Kathryn Andersen, Erin Pearson, Janardan Warvadekar, Danish U Khan, Sangeeta Batra
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of a high-intensity model (HIM) and a low-intensity model (LIM) of behaviour change communication interventions in Bihar and Jharkhand states of India designed to improve women's knowledge and usage of safe abortion services, as well as the dose effect of intervention exposure. METHODS: We conducted two cross-sectional household surveys among married women aged 15-49 years in intervention and comparison districts...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237305/investigation-of-pm2-5-mass-concentration-over-india-using-a-regional-climate-model
#17
Sherin Hassan Bran, Rohit Srivastava
Seasonal variation of PM2.5 (Particulate Matter <2.5 μm) mass concentration simulated from WRF-Chem (Weather Research and Forecasting coupled with Chemistry) over Indian sub-continent are studied. The simulated PM2.5 are also compared with the observations during winter, pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon seasons of 2008. Higher value of simulated PM2.5 is observed during winter followed by post-monsoon, while lower values are found during monsoon. Indo-Gangetic Basin (IGB) exhibits high amount of PM2...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237123/temporal-trends-in-intravenous-thrombolysis-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#18
Dheeraj Khurana, Biplab Das, Ashok Kumar, Amith Kumar S, Niranjan Khandelwal, Vivek Lal, Sudesh Prabhakar
BACKGROUND: Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is a time-dependent treatable cause of morbidity and mortality. Despite the increasing stroke incidence in developing countries, parallel increasing stroke thrombolysis rates have not been documented. AIM: This study aims to determine trends in patient characteristics and rates of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) use in AIS patients in a tertiary care center in northern India. METHODS: All AIS patients presenting within 8 hours of symptoms onset from January 2011 to December 2015 were enrolled and analyzed...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236813/decomposition-of-body-mass-growth-into-linear-and-ponderal-growth-in-children-with-application-to-india
#19
Aalok R Chaurasia
In this paper, we decompose the difference between the weight of a child and the weight of a reference child into the difference between the height of the child and the height of the reference child and the difference between the weight per unit height of the child and the weight per unit height of the reference child. The decomposition provides the theoretical justification to the classification of the nutritional status proposed by Svedberg and by Nandy et al. An application of the decomposition framework to the Indian data shows that the level, depth and severity of the faltering of the growth of the body mass in Indian children are primarily due to the level, depth and severity of the faltering of the ponderal growth...
February 27, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236707/effect-of-landscape-tree-cover-sex-and-season-on-the-bioaccumulation-of-persistent-organochlorine-pesticides-in-fruit-bats-of-riparian-corridors-in-eastern-mexico
#20
Carolina Valdespino, Vinicio J Sosa
Riparian forests are recognized as important ecosystems for biodiversity conservation in transformed landscapes. Many animal species that use this type of vegetation facilitate its recovery through pollination and seed dispersal. In landscapes dominated by agrosystems and cattle ranching, persistent organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in the riparian system may have an effect on the physiology and fitness of animals. In this study, we measured bioaccumulation of OCPs in the most abundant frugivorous bat, Sturnira hondurensis, from the upper part of La Antigua basin, Veracruz, Mexico and, from these data, estimated accumulation by the frugivorous bat community of riparian forests in contrasting, transformed (TL) and forested (FL) landscapes...
February 15, 2017: Chemosphere
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