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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036209/understanding-differences-in-conception-and-abortion-rates-among-under-20-year-olds-in-britain-and-france-examining-the-contribution-of-social-disadvantage
#1
Rachel H Scott, Nathalie Bajos, Emma Slaymaker, Kaye Wellings, Catherine H Mercer
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic status has been shown to be associated with sexual activity, contraceptive-use, pregnancy and abortion among young people. Less is known about whether the strength of the association differs for each outcome, between men and women, or cross-nationally. We investigate this using contemporaneous national probability survey data from Britain and France. METHODS: Data were analysed for 17-29 year-olds in Britain's third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3, n = 5959) undertaken 2010-2012, and the 2010 French Fertility, Contraception and Sexual Dysfunction survey (FECOND, n = 3027)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034499/early-interaction-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-mothers-and-children-s-behaviours-during-joint-engagement
#2
A Kaale, L Smith, A Nordahl-Hansen, M W Fargerland, C Kasari
BACKGROUND: More knowledge about the interaction between young children with autism spectrum disorder and their parents is one way to improve intervention. This study aims to investigate the behaviours of mothers and children with autism spectrum disorder during joint engagement, with a focus on pacing or rate (i.e., incidences per minute) of their behaviours when being in this state. METHOD: Video recordings of 10 min of free-play between 58 children (2-4 years) diagnosed with childhood autism and their mothers were used to examine rate of mothers' and children's behaviours (i...
October 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032715/frequent-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-sweets-starts-at-early-age
#3
Marja-Liisa Laitala, Miira M Vehkalahti, Jorma I Virtanen
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the habitual consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and sweets in relation to mothers' behaviours and practices with their infants. METHODS: We targeted mothers with children 1-24 months (N = 200) visiting Public Child Health clinics in Finland. During routine visits mothers (N = 179) volunteered to complete a self-administered anonymous questionnaire about their child's health-related behaviours (consumption of sweets and SSBs, tooth brushing frequency)...
October 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031753/the-short-and-long-of-adolescent-sleep-the-unique-impact-of-day-length
#4
Kate Bartel, Annette van Maanen, Jamie Cassoff, Oddgeir Friborg, Anne Marie Meijer, Frans Oort, Paul Williamson, Reut Gruber, Bärbel Knäuper, Michael Gradisar
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Variation in day length is proposed to impact sleep, yet it is unknown whether this is above the influence of behavioural factors. Day length, sleep hygiene, and parent-set bedtime were simultaneously explored, to investigate the relative importance of each on adolescents' sleep. METHODS: An online survey was distributed in four countries at varying latitudes/longitudes (Australia, The Netherlands, Canada, Norway). RESULTS: Overall, 711 (242 male; age M = 15...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031695/-hesitant-compliers-qualitative-analysis-of-concerned-fully-vaccinating-parents
#5
Stephanie L Enkel, Katie Attwell, Thomas L Snelling, Hayley E Christian
OBJECTIVE: Some parents are hesitant about vaccines and yet still vaccinate their children. Vaccine behaviours are not fixed and parents who are concerned but nonetheless adherent to standard schedules could switch to an unconventional schedule, delaying or cherry-picking vaccines. There is a need to better understand vaccine hesitancy in specific contexts, acknowledging cultural and geographical variation, to ensure interventions targeting hesitancy are well directed and received. METHODS: To identify the behaviours, knowledge and attitudes of 'hesitant compliers' in Perth, Western Australia, nine one-on-one in-depth interviews were conducted with vaccinating parents of children (<5 years) who were identified as being hesitant...
October 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030965/fear-affects-parental-care-which-predicts-juvenile-survival-and-exacerbates-the-total-cost-of-fear-on-demography
#6
Blair P Dudeck, Michael Clinchy, Marek C Allen, Liana Y Zanette
Fear itself (perceived predation risk) can affect wildlife demography, but the cumulative impact of fear on population dynamics is not well understood. Parental care is arguably what most distinguishes birds and mammals from other taxa, yet only one experiment on wildlife has tested fear effects on parental food provisioning and the repercussions this has for the survival of dependent offspring, and only during early-stage care. We tested the effect of fear on late-stage parental care of mobile dependent offspring, by locating radio-tagged song sparrow fledglings and broadcasting predator or non-predator playbacks in their vicinity, measuring their parent's behaviour and their own, and tracking the offspring's survival to independence...
October 14, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030264/exploring-the-effect-of-parental-influence-on-children-s-physical-activity-the-mediating-role-of-children-s-perceptions-of-parental-support
#7
Piotr Wilk, Andrew F Clark, Alana Maltby, Patricia Tucker, Jason A Gilliland
The purpose of this study was to test a conceptual model linking parental support and parental physical activity (PA), with children's perception of parental support and children's PA. Baseline data were drawn from the Grade 5 ACT-i-Pass community-based PA intervention conducted in London, Ontario between May and October 2014. Parent and child PA were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and Physical Activity Questionnaire for Children, respectively. Questions pertaining to parental support and children's perception of that parental support were obtained via questionnaires...
October 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028562/common-and-differential-factors-associated-with-abstinence-and-poly-drug-use-among-australian-adolescents
#8
Simone Pettigrew, Michelle Jongenelis, David Lawrence, Wavne Rikkers
BACKGROUND: Social norms relating to youth substance use are changing. In Australia, alcohol use among adolescents has fallen dramatically and tobacco and cannabis use have also reduced, albeit more moderately. The aim of the present study was to identify (i) factors associated with compliance with recommendations for zero intake of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis and (ii) factors associated with poly drug use (intake of all three substances). METHODS: As part of the Young Minds Matter Study, a self-report survey was administered to 1661 Australian adolescents aged 15-17 years...
October 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026188/practitioner-evaluation-of-an-online-oral-health-and-risk-assessment-tool-for-young-patients
#9
M Busby, S Fayle, L Chapple, H Clover, I Chapple
Aim To test the validity and acceptability of an online oral health assessment and biofeedback tool for young patients (under 17) for use in general dental practice.Methods A convenience sample of thirteen practitioners were recruited to test the functionality of a novel version of the Denplan PreViser Patient Assessment tool (DEPPA) developed for young patients (YDEPPA). Dentists who had completed eight or more assessments during a one month window were sent a link to an online feedback survey, comprising eight statements about YDEPPA, with scoring options of 0-10, where a score of 10 indicated complete agreement with the relevant questions...
October 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025844/investigating-canadian-parents-hpv-vaccine-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviour-a-study-protocol-for-a-longitudinal-national-online-survey
#10
Gilla K Shapiro, Samara Perez, Anila Naz, Ovidiu Tatar, Juliet R Guichon, Rhonda Amsel, Gregory D Zimet, Zeev Rosberger
INTRODUCTION: Human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, can cause anogenital warts and a number of cancers. To prevent morbidity and mortality, three vaccines have been licensed and are recommended by Canada's National Advisory Committee on Immunisation (for girls since 2007 and boys since 2012). Nevertheless, HPV vaccine coverage in Canada remains suboptimal in many regions. This study will be the first to concurrently examine the correlates of HPV vaccine decision-making in parents of school-aged girls and boys and evaluate changes in parental knowledge, attitudes and behaviours over time...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024294/cognitive-motor-behavioural-and-academic-performances-of-children-born-preterm-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-involving-64-061-children
#11
REVIEW
J Allotey, J Zamora, F Cheong-See, M Kalidindi, D Arroyo-Manzano, E Asztalos, Jam van der Post, B W Mol, D Moore, D Birtles, K S Khan, S Thangaratinam
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth may leave the brain vulnerable to dysfunction. Knowledge of future neurodevelopmental delay in children born with various degrees of prematurity is needed to inform practice and policy. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the long-term cognitive, motor, behavioural and academic performance of children born with different degrees of prematurity compared with term-born children. SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed and Embase were searched from January 1980 to December 2016 without language restrictions...
October 11, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023731/physiological-tremor-increases-when-skeletal-muscle-is-shortened-implications-for-fusimotor-control
#12
Kian Jalaleddini, Akira Nagamori, Christopher M Laine, Mahsa A Golkar, Robert E Kearney, Francisco J Valero-Cuevas
The involuntary force fluctuations associated with physiological (as distinct from pathological) tremor are an unavoidable component of human motor control. While the origins of physiological tremor are known to depend on muscle afferentation, it is possible that the mechanical properties of muscle-tendon systems also affect its generation, amplification and maintenance. In this paper, we investigated the dependence of physiological tremor on muscle length in healthy individuals. We measured physiological tremor during tonic, isometric plantarflexion torque at 30% of maximum at three ankle angles...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022679/brand-awareness-and-access-to-cigarettes-among-children-8-12-years-old-in-the-czech-republic
#13
Jarmila Kučerová, Jiří Rameš, Keely Fraser, Eva Králíková
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess smoking behaviour, knowledge of cigarette brands and access to cigarettes among children 8-12 years old in the Czech Republic. METHOD: Between 2009 and 2012, a cross sectional survey was conducted among 4,439 children aged 8-12 years attending 51 primary schools in Prague and Central Bohemia, Czech Republic. Data including age, gender, ever smoking, parental and sibling smoking, knowledge of cigarette brands, sources of cigarettes, and smoking frequency were collected...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022520/prevalence-of-suicidal-behaviour-and-associated-factors-in-a-large-sample-of-chinese-adolescents
#14
X C Liu, H Chen, Z Z Liu, J Y Wang, C X Jia
AIMS: Suicidal behaviour is prevalent among adolescents and is a significant predictor of future suicide attempts (SAs) and suicide death. Data on the prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of suicidal behaviour in Chinese adolescents are limited. This study was aimed to examine the prevalence, characteristics and risk factors of suicidal behaviour, including suicidal thought (ST), suicide plan (SP) and SA, in a large sample of Chinese adolescents. METHOD: This report represents the first wave data of an ongoing longitudinal study, Shandong Adolescent Behavior and Health Cohort...
October 12, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021899/reliability-of-self-report-measures-of-correlates-of-obesity-related-behaviours-in-hong-kong-adolescents-for-the-ihealt-h-and-ipen-adolescent-studies
#15
Ester Cerin, Cindy H P Sit, Anthony Barnett, Wendy Y J Huang, Gemma Y Gao, Stephen H S Wong, James F Sallis
BACKGROUND: This study examined the reliability of measures of correlates of dietary behaviours (DBs), physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) for Hong Kong adolescents. METHOD: Individual, social and environmental correlates of obesity-related behaviours were assessed twice, 15-27 days apart (average 20 days), via self-administered questionnaires. These questionnaire included measures of decisional balance, self-efficacy, enjoyment and social support related to intake of fruits, vegetables, high-fat foods and sugar-sweetened beverages, PA behaviour and SB...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994719/an-iot-based-solution-for-monitoring-a-fleet-of-educational-buildings-focusing-on-energy-efficiency
#16
Dimitrios Amaxilatis, Orestis Akrivopoulos, Georgios Mylonas, Ioannis Chatzigiannakis
Raising awareness among young people and changing their behaviour and habits concerning energy usage is key to achieving sustained energy saving. Additionally, young people are very sensitive to environmental protection so raising awareness among children is much easier than with any other group of citizens. This work examines ways to create an innovative Information & Communication Technologies (ICT) ecosystem (including web-based, mobile, social and sensing elements) tailored specifically for school environments, taking into account both the users (faculty, staff, students, parents) and school buildings, thus motivating and supporting young citizens' behavioural change to achieve greater energy efficiency...
October 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994358/a-qualitative-study-conducted-in-the-usa-exploring-latino-fathers-beliefs-attitudes-and-practices-related-to-their-young-children-s-eating-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviours
#17
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Mario A Muñoz, Mary L Greaney
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence documents fathers' influential role in their children's eating, physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours (SB). We aimed to expand limited existing research examining fathers' influence in these areas by exploring Latino fathers' beliefs, attitudes and practices related to eating, PA and SB of their young children. DESIGN: Seven focus group discussions were conducted in Spanish with Latino fathers (n 28) of children aged 2-8 years...
October 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993543/psychiatric-and-behavioural-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-with-epilepsy
#18
K A Salayev, B Sanne, R Salayev
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychiatric and behavioural symptoms in children and adolescents with epilepsy. METHODS: Patients with epilepsy and aged 4 to 16 years were recruited from a medical centre in Azerbaijan during January 2012 to December 2013. A community sample was drawn from 3 schools as the comparison group. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was administered to parents of both patients with epilepsy and children in the comparison group...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989266/measuring-anxiety-in-children-the-importance-of-separate-mother-and-father-reports
#19
Mélou Jansen, Denise H M Bodden, Peter Muris, Marleen van Doorn, Isabela Granic
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that it is important to use parental reports when assessing children's anxiety, but it remains unclear to what extent there are differences between mothers' and fathers' scores and whether these potential differences have any repercussions for the psychometric properties of the scale being used. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate parental differences on the Parent version of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders-Revised (SCARED-RP), a rating scale for measuring child anxiety symptoms...
2017: Child & Youth Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988543/sociodemographic-anthropometric-and-behavioural-risk-factors-for-ultra-processed-food-consumption-in-a-sample-of-2-9-year-olds-in-brazil
#20
Laís Amaral Mais, Sarah Warkentin, Juliana Bergamo Vega, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Susan Carnell, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo Taddei
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to identify food patterns among 2-9-year-olds and investigate sociodemographic, anthropometric and behavioural predictors of less healthy dietary patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Parents of 2-9-year-olds completed an FFQ and factor analysis was applied to identify dietary patterns. Parents also completed questionnaires assessing sociodemographic, anthropometric and behavioural characteristics of parents and children, including parental feeding practices...
October 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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