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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451458/immigrant-mothers-preferences-for-children-s-sexes-a-register-based-study-of-fertility-behaviour-in-norway
#1
Mats Lillehagen, Torkild Hovde Lyngstad
Parental sex preferences have been documented in many native populations, but much less evidence is available on immigrants' preferences for the sexes of their children. Using high-quality longitudinal register data from Norway, a country with a recent immigration history, we estimate hazards regression models of third birth risks by the sex composition of the first two children. A central question in the extant literature is whether the sex preferences of immigrant mothers match those observed in their country of origin, or if cultural adaption to local conditions is more important...
March 2018: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450232/predicting-early-onset-of-intoxication-versus-drinking-a-population-based-prospective-study-of-norwegian-adolescents
#2
Frøydis Enstad, Willy Pedersen, Wendy Nilsen, Tilmann von Soest
Aims: Recent research suggests that early onset of intoxication (EOI) may be of greater importance for a wide range of subsequent adverse outcomes than early drinking experiences without intoxication. However, research on antecedents of EOI is scarce. The present study identifies predictors of EOI and whether they differ from those of early onset of drinking (EOD). Methods: Data was drawn from the prospective Tracking Opportunities and Problems (TOPP) study of Norwegian families ( n = 382), which followed up mothers and their children with six data collections from childhood (age 1...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449757/why-and-how-the-early-life-environment-affects-development-of-coping-behaviours
#3
REVIEW
M Rohaa Langenhof, Jan Komdeur
Understanding the ways in which individuals cope with threats, respond to challenges, make use of opportunities and mediate the harmful effects of their surroundings is important for predicting their ability to function in a rapidly changing world. Perhaps one of the most essential drivers of coping behaviour of adults is the environment experienced during their early-life development. Although the study of coping, defined as behaviours displayed in response to environmental challenges, has a long and rich research history in biology, recent literature has repeatedly pointed out that the processes through which coping behaviours develop in individuals are still largely unknown...
2018: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446658/post-concussive-symptoms-after-a-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#4
Nicola J Starkey, Kelly Jones, Rosalind Case, Alice Theadom, Suzanne Barker-Collo, Valery Feigin
OBJECTIVE: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is common injury during childhood and adolescence but the long-term outcomes are poorly understood. This study examined post-concussive symptoms and behavioural outcomes in children and adolescents up to 24 months post-mTBI. METHOD: Parents of children aged 8-15 years with mTBI completed the BASC-2 and Rivermead Post-Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire at baseline, 1-, 6-, 12- and 24 months post-injury. An age-matched traumatic brain injury-free cohort was recruited and assessed at 12- and 24 months...
February 15, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446218/influence-of-grandparents-on-the-dietary-intake-of-their-2-12-year-old-grandchildren-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Kylie G Young, Kerith Duncanson, Tracy Burrows
AIM: Grandparents are assuming increased child-caregiving responsibilities, which potentially influences the dietary intake of grandchildren. The aim of this systematic review is to determine the influence of grandparental care on the dietary intake, food-related behaviours, food choices and weight status of their preschool and school-aged grandchildren. METHODS: Six electronic health databases were searched in January 2017. Inclusion criteria were publication in English language, peer-reviewed journal between 2000 and 2017; children aged 2-12 years; study outcomes included child dietary intake/weight status, grandparent nutrition knowledge/beliefs or grandparent/parent feeding practices...
February 15, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446174/comorbid-depressive-symptoms-and-self-esteem-improve-after-either-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-or-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-bulimia-nervosa
#6
Fabiola Valenzuela, James Lock, Daniel Le Grange, Cara Bohon
This study examined the effect of family-based treatment for bulimia nervosa (FBT-BN) and cognitive behavioral therapy for adolescents (CBT-A) on depressive symptoms and self-esteem in adolescents with BN. Data were collected from 110 adolescents, ages 12-18, who met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition, text revision criteria for BN or partial BN. Participants were randomly assigned to FBT-BN or CBT-A and completed measures of depressive symptoms and self-esteem before and after treatment and at 6- and 12-month follow-up assessments...
February 15, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440777/views-of-rare-disease-participants-in-a%C3%A2-uk-whole-genome-sequencing-study-towards-secondary-findings-a-qualitative-study
#7
Michael P Mackley, Edward Blair, Michael Parker, Jenny C Taylor, Hugh Watkins, Elizabeth Ormondroyd
With large-scale genome sequencing initiatives underway, vast amounts of genomic data are being generated. Results-including secondary findings (SF)-are being returned, although policies around generation and management remain inconsistent. In order to inform relevant policy, it is essential that the views of stakeholders be considered-including participants who have made decisions about SF since the wider debate began. We conducted semi-structured interviews with sixteen rare disease patients and parents enroled in genome sequencing to explore views towards SF...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438910/is-there-a-generalized-timing-impairment-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-across-time-scales-and-paradigms
#8
Sofia Isaksson, Susanna Salomäki, Jarno Tuominen, Valtteri Arstila, Christine M Falter-Wagner, Valdas Noreika
Individuals with ASD have abnormal motor and perceptual functions that do not currently form diagnostic criteria of ASD, but nevertheless may affect everyday behaviour. Temporal processing seems to be one of such non-diagnostic yet impaired domains, although the lack of systematic studies testing different aspects of timing in the same sample of participants prevents a conclusive assessment of whether there is a generalized temporal deficit in ASD associated with diagnostic symptoms. 17 children diagnosed with ASD and 18 typically developing age- and IQ-matched controls carried out a set of motor and perceptual timing tasks: free tapping, simultaneity judgment, auditory duration discrimination, and verbal duration estimation...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436016/identification-of-caries-risk-in-2-year-olds
#9
Tove Irene Wigen, Christine Sophie Baumgartner, Nina Johanne Wang
OBJECTIVE: The first aim was to describe presence of plaque, caries and oral health behaviours in 2-year-old children. The second aim was to measure increments in caries experience from 2 to 5 years of age and to study whether national background, visible plaque, caries and oral health behaviour at 2 years of age were associated with increments in caries experience. METHODS: The study population consisted of 392 children, of whom 211 were monitored from 2 to 5 years of age...
February 13, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431150/evidence-for-negative-thermal-expansion-in-the-superconducting-precursor-phase-smfeaso
#10
H D Zhou, P M Sarte, B S Conner, L Balicas, C R Wiebe, X H Chen, T Wu, G Wu, R H Liu, H Chen, D F Fang
The fluorine-doped rare-earth iron oxypnictide series SmFeAsO1-x F x (0 [Formula: see text] 0.10) was investigated with high resolution powder x-ray scattering. In agreement with previous studies (Margadonna et al 2009 Phys. Rev. B. 79 014503), the parent compound SmFeAsO exhibits a tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural distortion at [Formula: see text]  =  130 K which is rapidly suppressed by [Formula: see text] 0.10 deep within the superconducting dome. The change in unit cell symmetry is followed by a previously unreported magnetoelastic distortion at 120 K...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428545/the-montreal-children-s-hospital-feeding-scale-relationships-with-parental-report-of-child-eating-behaviours-and-observed-feeding-interactions
#11
Samantha Rogers, Maria Ramsay, Jackie Blissett
Feeding problems are common, with implications for nutrition, growth and family stress, placing burden on primary care services. The Montreal Children's Hospital Feeding Scale (MCHFS) is a quick and reliable measure of feeding problems for clinical settings, but there is little examination of its relationship to commonly used research measures of parental feeding practice, child eating behaviour and observations of parent-infant interaction at mealtimes. We examined the relationships between the MCHFS, demographics and early feeding history, weight across the first year, parental report of feeding practices and child eating behaviours, and observations of maternal-infant feeding interaction at 1 year...
February 8, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426583/-use-of-new-technologies-by-adolescents-in-the-search-for-health-information
#12
Minerva Blázquez Barba, Dolores Gómez Romero, Isidora Frontaura Fernández, Abdón Camacho Ojeda, Francisco M Rodríguez Salas, Higinio Toriz Cano
OBJECTIVE: To describe Internet sources used by adolescents to consult health information and their sociodemographic characteristics, as well as to identify the variables that influence the choice of Internet site. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Survey adapted from the questionnaire validated by Rideout. PARTICIPANTS AND LOCATION: Adolescents aged 12-18 from 4schools in rural municipalities. RESULTS: The study included a total of 405 adolescents, of whom 51...
February 6, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426064/successful-weight-loss-initiation-and-maintenance-among-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-does-age-matter
#13
D Rancourt, C D Jensen, K M Duraccio, E W Evans, R R Wing, E Jelalian
Treatments for adolescents with overweight/obesity demonstrate mixed success, which may be due to a lack of consideration for developmental changes during this period. Potential developmental differences in weight loss motivations, weight maintenance behaviours and the role of parents in these efforts were examined in a sample of successful adolescent weight losers. Participants enrolled in the Adolescent Weight Control Registry (n = 49) self-reported demographic information and weight history, reasons for weight loss and weight control, weight loss approach and weight maintenance strategies, and perceived parental involvement with weight loss...
February 9, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423608/a-systematic-review-of-group-social-skills-interventions-and-meta-analysis-of-outcomes-for-children-with-high-functioning-asd
#14
J Wolstencroft, L Robinson, R Srinivasan, E Kerry, W Mandy, D Skuse
Group social skills interventions (GSSIs) are a commonly offered treatment for children with high functioning ASD. We critically evaluated GSSI randomised controlled trials for those aged 6-25 years. Our meta-analysis of outcomes emphasised internal validity, thus was restricted to trials that used the parent-report social responsiveness scale (SRS) or the social skills rating system (SSRS). Large positive effect sizes were found for the SRS total score, plus the social communication and restricted interests and repetitive behaviours subscales...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420655/context-or-composition-how-does-neighbourhood-deprivation-impact-upon-adolescent-smoking-behaviour
#15
Tim Morris, David Manley, Maarten Van Ham
Neighbourhood effects studies have demonstrated an association between area deprivation and smoking behaviour whereby people living in deprived neighbourhoods are more likely to smoke than those in non-deprived neighbourhoods. This evidence though is based largely upon data that ignores long term exposures to neighbourhood contexts and is confounded by neighbourhood selection bias. In this study, we investigate the temporal ordering of exposure to neighbourhood deprivation throughout childhood and whether associations between neighbourhood deprivation and cigarette smoking are due to compositional or contextual neighbourhood effects...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420612/correlates-of-sexual-initiation-among-european-adolescents
#16
Pietro Gambadauro, Vladimir Carli, Gergö Hadlaczky, Marco Sarchiapone, Alan Apter, Judit Balazs, Raphaela Banzer, Julio Bobes, Romuald Brunner, Doina Cosman, Luca Farkas, Christian Haring, Christina W Hoven, Michael Kaess, Jean Pierre Kahn, Elaine McMahon, Vita Postuvan, Merike Sisask, Airi Värnik, Nusa Zadravec Sedivy, Danuta Wasserman
BACKGROUND: Sexuality is a physiological component of adolescent development, though early initiation is associated with reproductive health risk. This study aimed at identifying correlates and predictors of sexual initiation in a large multinational cohort of European adolescents. METHODS: A questionnaire addressing socio-demographics, behaviours, mental health and sexual activity, was delivered to 11,110 adolescents recruited from 168 randomly selected schools in 10 European countries between 2009 and 2011...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418040/male-gender-school-attendance-and-sports-participation-are-positively-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-congenital-bleeding-disorders
#17
P F Limperg, M M H Joosten, K Fijnvandraat, M Peters, M A Grootenhuis, L Haverman
BACKGROUND: This study assesses health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and variables associated with HRQOL, in children and adolescents with haemophilia and congenital bleeding disorders (CBD) in the Netherlands. METHODS: Patients <18 years with CBD under treatment at the Hemophilia Comprehensive Care Center of the Academic Medical Center were included. Participants completed generic HRQOL questionnaires (TAPQOL 0-5 years; PedsQL 6-18 years). Differences and effect sizes in HRQOL compared to healthy peers, and between hemophilia severity groups, were tested using Mann Whitney U-tests...
February 8, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413138/mitigating-the-effect-of-persistent-postnatal-depression-on-child-outcomes-through-an-intervention-to-treat-depression-and-improve-parenting-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Alan Stein, Elena Netsi, Peter J Lawrence, Charlotte Granger, Claire Kempton, Michelle G Craske, Alecia Nickless, Jill Mollison, D Anne Stewart, Elizabeth Rapa, Valerie West, Gaia Scerif, Peter J Cooper, Lynne Murray
BACKGROUND: Maternal postnatal depression occurs following 10-15% of births and is associated with a range of negative child outcomes. Risks to children are particularly increased when postnatal depression is persistent. We aimed to examine whether a parenting video-feedback therapy (VFT) intervention versus a control treatment of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR), both added to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for persistent postnatal depression, would lead to improved child outcomes at age 2 years...
February 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410816/parenting-behaviour-is-highly-heritable-in-male-stickleback
#19
Alison M Bell, Rebecca Trapp, Jason Keagy
Parental care is critical for fitness, yet little is known about its genetic basis. Here, we estimate the heritability of parenting behaviour in a species famous for its diversity and its behavioural repertoire: three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus). Male three-spined stickleback are the sole providers of parental care that is necessary for offspring survival; therefore, this system offers the opportunity to study the inheritance of parental behaviour when selection is primarily acting on males...
January 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408332/cross-sectional-associations-between-maternal-self-efficacy-and-dietary-intake-and-physical-activity-in-four-year-old-children-of-first-time-swedish-mothers
#20
Rohde Jeanett Friis, Bohman Benjamin, Berglind Daniel, M Hansson Lena, Frederiksen Peder, Mortensen Erik Lykke, Heitmann Berit Lilienthal, Rasmussen Finn
BACKGROUND: Healthy dietary and physical activity behaviours are established early in life where children learn by observing their parents. Therefore, parents can act as role models and influence their children toward a healthier lifestyle. Besides a strong association between parental and child health behaviours, parents also influence their children's health behaviours through socio-cognitive processes, where perceived self-efficacy is the central component. The objective was to examine if parental self-efficacy among Swedish mothers was associated with their four-year-old children's dietary and physical activity behaviours...
February 2, 2018: Appetite
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