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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691921/parental-attitudes-to-myopia-a-key-agent-of-change-for-myopia-control
#1
Saoirse McCrann, Ian Flitcroft, Kevin Lalor, John Butler, Aaron Bush, James Loughman
PURPOSE: With the increasing prevalence in myopia there is growing interest in active myopia prevention. This study aims to increase our understanding of parental attitudes to myopia development and control, as a means to inform future health planning and policy. It evaluates, for the first time, the attitude of parents to myopia and its associated risks, as well as assessing the exposure of Irish children to environmental factors that may influence their risk profile for myopia development...
May 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691250/long-term-neuroprotective-effect-of-erythropoietin-on-executive-functions-in-very-preterm-children-epokids-protocol-of-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#2
Flavia Maria Wehrle, Ulrike Held, Ruth Tuura O'Gorman, Vera Disselhoff, Barbara Schnider, Jean-Claude Fauchère, Petra Hüppi, Beatrice Latal, Cornelia Franziska Hagmann
INTRODUCTION: Premature infants are particularly vulnerable to brain injuries with associated cognitive and behavioural deficits. The worldwide first randomised interventional multicentre trial investigating the neuroprotective effects of erythropoietin (entitled 'Does erythropoietin improve outcome in very preterm infants?' (NCT00413946)) included 450 very preterm infants in Switzerland. MRI at term equivalent age showed less white matter (WM) injury in the erythropoietin group compared with the placebo group...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689128/helmet-use-in-bicycles-and-non-motorised-wheeled-recreational-vehicles-in-children
#3
Jessica Sy Ong, Sannappa V Soundappan, Sarah Adams, Susan Adams
AIM: Injuries involving non-motorised wheeled recreational vehicles (NMWRV) and bicycles are a common cause for hospitalisation in children. Studies show that helmet use whilst bicycle riding can decrease mortality and morbidity due to head injury. However, there remains an important proportion of children who are non-helmet users (NHU). This study aims to investigate helmet use and attitudes and injury patterns in children presenting with trauma after riding bicycles and other NMWRVs...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685768/accelerated-long-term-forgetting-and-behavioural-difficulties-in-children-with-epilepsy
#4
Michael B Gascoigne, Mary Lou Smith, Belinda Barton, Richard Webster, Deepak Gill, Suncica Lah
Patients with epilepsy have been shown to exhibit a range of memory deficits, including the rapid forgetting of newly-learned material over long, but not short, delays (termed accelerated long-term forgetting; ALF). Behavioural problems, such as mood disorders and social difficulties, are also overrepresented among children with epilepsy, when compared to patients with other chronic diseases and the general population. We investigated whether ALF was associated with behavioural or psychosocial deficits in children with epilepsy...
March 30, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684656/the-effect-of-regional-anaesthesia-versus-general-anaesthesia-on-behavioural-functions-in-children
#5
Abdul Razzak Khochfe, Mariam Rajab, Fouad Ziade, Zeina Z Naja, Ahmad Salah Naja, Zoher M Naja
PURPOSE: The primary objective was to assess the effect of general anaesthesia versus regional anaesthesia in a single exposure before the age of 2 years on the development of long-term behavioural changes in children. METHODS: The study was conducted between January 2014 and March 2015. Medical records of eligible children were reviewed. Then, parents of children who were included in the study were contacted and asked to visit the Outpatient Department to fill the Eyberg Child Behaviour Inventory questionnaire to measure behavioural changes in children...
April 19, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681248/effectiveness-of-a-parental-school-based-intervention-to-improve-young-children-s-eating-patterns-a-pilot-study
#6
Ana Isabel Gomes, Luisa Barros, Ana Isabel Pereira, Magda Sofia Roberto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a pilot study of a parental school-based intervention to promote healthy eating behaviours in young children. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental longitudinal design with three conditions (complete intervention (CIG), minimal intervention (MIG), control (CG)), with repeated measures at baseline, immediately after the intervention, 6 months and 1 year after intervention. SETTING: Fourteen public and state-funded kindergartens near Lisbon, Portugal...
April 23, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681144/a-school-based-study-of-the-influence-of-students%C3%A2-relationship-with-teachers-on-their-cigarette-smoking-behaviour-in-jamaican
#7
Sarah N Oshi, Daniel C Oshi, Steve Weaver, Chinwendu F Agu, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Tania Rae, Wendel D Abel
Background: Cigarette is one of the most widely used addictive substances and a leading cause of death. Prevalence of cigarette smoking has been reported to be high in the Caribbean, including Jamaica. The aim of this study was to determine whether students’ relationship with teachers influences their cigarette smoking behaviour in Jamaica. Methods: This was a statistical analysis of data based on a nationally representative sample of 3,365 secondary school students drawn from 8th to 12th grade across 38 secondary schools in Jamaica in 2013...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681143/alcohol-consumption-and-sexual-risk-behaviour-among-jamaican-adolescents
#8
Chinwendu F Agu, Daniel C Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Sarah N Oshi, Tana Ricketts-Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Joy Harrison, Uche Dimkpa, Steve Weaver
Alcohol consumption has significant health, social and economic implications. Alcohol is the most prevalent psychoactive substance used by Jamaican adolescents. The aim of this study was to determine whether alcohol is associated with sexual risk behaviour among Jamaican adolescents. Methods: The data from National Secondary School Survey (NSS) conducted in 2013 was analysed. Descriptive statistics consisting of frequencies, percentages and Pearson’s Chi square was done. Multivariate analysis was done using binary logistic regression...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680970/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-child-mental-disorders-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-hiv-exposed-and-unexposed-african-children-aged-7-11-years
#9
Tamsen J Rochat, Brian Houle, Alan Stein, Rebecca M Pearson, Ruth M Bland
Despite being home to a large population of vulnerable children there is a dearth of population-based evidence on childhood mental disorders in sub-Saharan Africa. Parent and child mental health are rarely measured concurrently, despite potential for confounding with other risk factors, including parental HIV. Using the parent-report Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) we assessed children's mental health in a population-based cohort of 1536 HIV-negative children (31% HIV-exposed, 18% HIV-affected, 51% HIV-unexposed) aged 7-11 years...
April 21, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678982/purpose-in-life-and-tobacco-use-among-community-dwelling-mothers-of-early-adolescents
#10
Yuko Morimoto, Syudo Yamasaki, Shuntaro Ando, Shinsuke Koike, Shinya Fujikawa, Sho Kanata, Kaori Endo, Miharu Nakanishi, Stephani L Hatch, Marcus Richards, Kiyoto Kasai, Mariko Hiraiwa-Hasegawa, Atsushi Nishida
OBJECTIVES: The rising prevalence of tobacco use and tobacco-attributable deaths among women is of worldwide concern. In particular, smoking prevention for mothers in early midlife is a significant international public health goal. A higher sense of purpose in life (PIL) is thought to reduce detrimental health behaviours. However, little is known about the association between a sense of PIL and tobacco use. This study investigates this association among community-dwelling mothers of early adolescents...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675588/parenting-a-child-with-phenylketonuria-an-investigation-into-the-factors-that-contribute-to-parental-distress
#11
Olivia Ambler, Emma Medford, Dougal J Hare
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inherited metabolic condition that can lead to the onset of intellectual disabilities if not strictly managed through a low-protein diet. Parents are responsible for supervising their child's treatment for PKU, which may impact on their experience of distress. This cross-sectional study aimed to identify the factors that contribute to distress in parents who care for a child with PKU, distinct from parents in the general population. Thirty-eight parents of children and adolescents with PKU and 32 parents in the general population completed the questionnaires measuring parental psychological resilience, child behaviour problems, perceived social support and distress...
April 20, 2018: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673403/parents-perspectives-of-change-in-child-physical-activity-screen-viewing-between-y1-5-6-y4-8-9-of-primary-school-implications-for-behaviour-change
#12
Russell Jago, Emma Solomon-Moore, Zoi Toumpakari, Deborah A Lawlor, Janice L Thompson, Simon J Sebire
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore parents' responses to changes in children's physical activity and screen-time between Year 1 (5-6 years) and Year 4 (8-9 years of age) of primary school. A secondary aim was to identify how parents adapt their parenting to rapidly changing screen-based technology. METHODS: Data were from the longitudinal B-Proact1v Study. Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted between July and October 2016 with a sub-sample of 51 parents who participated in the study at Year 4...
April 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673391/parenting-resilient-kids-park-an-online-parenting-program-to-prevent-anxiety-and-depression-problems-in-primary-school-aged-children-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Luwishennadige Madhawee N Fernando, Wan Hua Sim, Anthony F Jorm, Ron Rapee, Katherine A Lawrence, Marie B H Yap
BACKGROUND: Preventive efforts targeting childhood anxiety and depression symptoms have the potential to alter the developmental trajectory of depression and anxiety disorders across the lifespan. Substantial previous research suggests that modifiable parenting factors such as parental aversiveness and over-involvement are associated with childhood anxiety, depressive and internalising symptoms, indicating that parents can play a critical role in prevention. The Parenting Resilient Kids study is a new evidence-based online parenting program designed to prevent anxiety and depression problems in primary school-aged children by reducing family-based risk factors and enhancing protective factors through increased positive interactions between parent and child...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672988/evaluation-of-a-public-education-campaign-to-support-parents-to-reduce-adolescent-alcohol-use
#14
Robyn S Johnston, Julia Stafford, Michelle I Jongenelis, Therese Shaw, Hannah Samsa, Eleanor Costello, Gary Kirby
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Mass media education campaigns targeting parents may influence parent factors that reduce adolescent drinking; however few such campaigns have been evaluated. DESIGN AND METHODS: The Parents, Young People and Alcohol campaign included two phases of mass media advertising, Cogs and I See, to deliver consistent messages across multiple media channels. The campaign targeted Western Australian parents of 12-17 year olds with messages describing alcohol's effect on the developing brain and adolescent physical and mental health...
April 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672448/a-dyadic-analysis-of-siblings-relationship-quality-behavioural-responses-and-pain-experiences-during-experimental-pain
#15
Meghan G Schinkel, Christine T Chambers, Penny Corkum, Sophie Jacques
Research on family factors in paediatric pain has primarily focused on parents; the role of siblings has been largely ignored. This study examined whether sibling relationship quality was related to siblings' behaviours during experimental pain, and whether the behaviours of an observing sibling were related to children's pain outcomes. Ninety-two sibling dyads between 8-12 years old completed both observational and questionnaire measures of sibling relationship quality. Children took turns completing the cold pressor task (CPT) in a counterbalanced order with their sibling present...
April 16, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667223/mental-health-and-well-being-in-parents-of-excessively-crying-infants-prospective-evaluation-of-a-support-package
#16
C Powell, D Bamber, J Long, R Garratt, J Brown, S Rudge, T Morris, N Bhupendra Jaicim, R Plachcinski, S Dyson, E M Boyle, I St James-Roberts
BACKGROUND: During the first 4 months of age, approximately 20% of infants cry a lot without an apparent reason. Most research has targeted the crying, but the impact of the crying on parents, and subsequent outcomes, need to receive equal attention. This study reports the findings from a prospective evaluation of a package of materials designed to support the well-being and mental health of parents who judge their infant to be crying excessively. The resulting "Surviving Crying" package comprised a website, printed materials, and programme of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy-based support sessions delivered to parents by a qualified practitioner...
April 17, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666137/the-french-prospective-multisite-registry-on-sudden-unexpected-infant-death-omin-rationale-and-study-protocol
#17
Karine Levieux, Hugues Patural, Inge Harrewijn, Elisabeth Briand Huchet, Sophie de Visme, Géraldine Gallot, Martin Chalumeau, Christèle Gras Le Guen, Matthieu Hanf
INTRODUCTION: Even after 'back-to-sleep' campaigns, sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) continues to be the leading cause of death for infants 1 month to 1 year old in developed countries, with devastating social, psychological and legal implications for families. To sustainably tackle this problem and decrease the number of SUIDs, a French SUID registry was initiated in 2015 to (1) inform prevention with standardised data, (2) understand the mechanisms leading to SUID and the contribution of the already known or newly suggested risk factors and (3) gather a multidisciplinary group of experts to coordinate and develop innovative and urgent research in the SUID area...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666130/does-dexmedetomidine-given-as-a-premedication-or-intraoperatively-reduce-post-hospitalisation-behaviour-change-in-children-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-hospital
#18
Paul Lee-Archer, Craig McBride, Rebecca Paterson, Michael Reade, Britta Regli-von Ungern-Sternberg, Deborah Long
INTRODUCTION: It has been reported that post-hospitalisation behaviour change (PHBC) occurs in over 50% of children undergoing a general anaesthetic and manifests as behaviours such as sleep and eating disorders, defiance of authority, nightmares, enuresis and temper tantrums. The effect is usually short-lived (2-4 weeks); however, in 5-10% of children, these behaviours can last up to 12 months. The risk factors for developing PHBC include underlying anxiety in the child or parent, a previous bad hospital experience, emergence delirium and preschool age...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665469/total-mercury-exposure-in-early-pregnancy-has-no-adverse-association-with-scholastic-ability-of-the-offspring-particularly-if-the-mother-eats-fish
#19
Joseph Hibbeln, Steven Gregory, Yasmin Iles-Caven, Caroline M Taylor, Alan Emond, Jean Golding
There is a public perception that relatively low doses of mercury found in seafood are harmful to the fetal brain but little consistent evidence to support this. In earlier publications we have shown no adverse associations between maternal total blood mercury levels and child behaviour, early development or cognitive function as measured by IQ. However, for IQ the lack of adverse association was conditional upon the mother being a fish eater. In this paper we analyse further data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), this time examining whether prenatal exposure to total mercury is associated with the child's scholastic abilities in reading, spelling, phoneme awareness, mathematics and science; the number of participants with prenatal mercury and relevant test results varied from 1500 to 2200...
April 14, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660183/interaction-of-maternal-environment-and-allelic-differences-in-seed-vigour-genes-determines-seed-performance-in-brassica-oleracea
#20
Sajjad Awan, Steven Footitt, William E Finch-Savage
Seed vigour is a key trait essential for the production of sustainable and profitable crops. The genetic basis of variation in seed vigour has recently been determined in Brassica oleracea, but the relative importance of the interaction with parental environment is unknown. We produced seeds under a range of maternal environments, including global warming scenarios. Lines were compared that had the same genetic background, but different alleles (high and low vigour) at QTLs responsible for determining seed vigour by altering ABA content and sensitivity...
April 16, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
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