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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331701/the-use-of-triiodothyronine-t3-in-the-treatment-of-bipolar-depression-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
T Parmentier, P Sienaert
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of treatment options for bipolar depression. The use of triiodothyronine (T3) has been suggested as adjunctive treatment. METHODS: A search on Medline, Limo and ScienceDirect was performed using the search terms bipolar disorder, bipolar depression, treatment resistant, treatment refractory, thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine, T3, acceleration and augmentation. RESULTS: We retrieved three open studies, one comparative study, two double blind and one retrospective chart review...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328683/fatigue-and-related-comorbidities-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-2007-2016
#2
Robert M Guido, Shauna Stahlman, Saixia Ying
Fatigue is a common complaint in the civilian population and may be a presenting symptom of more serious physical and mental disorders. Data from the Defense Medical Surveillance System (DMSS) were utilized to characterize the incidence and burden of fatigue in active component military members from 1 January 2007 through 31 December 2016. A subanalysis of 3 years within this surveillance period (2012-2014) was also conducted to assess the burden of comorbidities related to incident fatigue and the strength of the association between fatigue and selected comorbidities...
December 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325864/infections-genetic-and-environmental-factors-in-pathogenesis-of-autoimmune-thyroid-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Sanjeev Kumar Shukla, Govind Singh, Shahzad Ahmad, Prabhat Pant
In Autoimmune disease a combination of infection, genetic and environmental factors causes an autoimmune response to the thyroid gland (characterized by lymphocytic infiltrations), thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) and different thyroid antigens. Graves' and Hashimoto disease are autoimmune disorders with genetic predisposition. CD40 that stimulates the proliferation and differentiation of lymphocytes is an essential immunomodulatory component for follicular cells in the thyroid and the cell that present the antigen...
January 8, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325223/maternal-thyroid-hormone-insufficiency-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-offspring-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
William Thompson, Ginny Russell, Genevieve Baragwanath, Justin Matthews, Bijay Vaidya, Jo Thompson-Coon
BACKGROUND: In the last two decades, several studies have examined the association between maternal thyroid hormone insufficiency during pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders in children and shown conflicting results. AIM: This systematic review aimed to assess the evidence for an association between maternal thyroid hormone insufficiency during pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders in children. We also sought to assess whether levothyroxine treatment for maternal thyroid hormone insufficiency improves child neurodevelopment outcomes...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321381/association-between-genetic-polymorphism-and-levothyroxine-bioavailability-in-hypothyroid-patients
#5
Merve Arici, Ezgi Oztas, Fatih Yanar, Nihat Aksakal, Beyza Ozcinar, Gul Ozhan
Thyroid hormones play a vital role in the human body for growth and differentiation, regulation of energy metabolism, and physiological function. Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disorder, which generally results from diminished normal circulating concentrations of serum thyroxine (fT4) and triiodothyronine (fT3). The primary choice in hypothyroidism treatment is oral administration of levothyroxine (L-T4), a synthetic T4 hormone, as approximately 100-125 μg/day. Generally, dose adjustment is made by trial and error approach...
January 11, 2018: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320782/thyroid-hormone-status-in-overweight-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#6
Christian Langrock, Johannes Hebebrand, Katharina Radowksi, Eckard Hamelmann, Thomas Lücke, Martin Holtmann, Tanja Legenbauer, Börge Schmidt, Mirjam Frank, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Thomas Reinehr
BACKGROUND: There is an ongoing discussion whether thyroid hormones are involved in the development and course of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Since obesity is associated with both higher thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free triiodothyronine (fT3) concentrations and increased rates of ADHD, we hypothesized that overweight children with ADHD show higher TSH and fT3 concentrations compared to overweight children without ADHD. METHODS: TSH, fT3, fT4, and leptin levels were analyzed in 230 children (60...
January 10, 2018: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319133/the-assessment-of-testosterone-and-radioisotopic-index-of-bone-metabolism-and-bone-mineral-density-in-men-with-testosterone-deficiency-after-one-year-of-testosterone-therapy
#7
Wieslaw Tryniszewski, Grzegorz Kamiński, Zbigniew Maziarz, Michal Nowak, Mariusz Gadzicki, Maciej Radek
BACKGROUND: Testosterone deficiency in men is characterized by typical symptoms of hypogonadism and negative influence on the preservation of bone mass. In this study, we analysed the relationship between testosterone concentration and bone metabolism. Moreover, we assessed the impact of one-year compensation of testosterone deficiency in elderly men on bone metabolism and bone mineral density. Radioisotopic methods of bone metabolism assessment provide new research opportunities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men with total testosterone concentration (TT) ≤ 3 ng/ml were included into this study...
January 10, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Review. Central & Eastern Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317955/pattern-of-thyroid-lesions-in-western-region-of-saudi-arabia-a-retrospective-analysis-and-literature-review
#8
Muhammad I Saeed, Amal Ali Hassan, Muhammad Ejaz Butt, Khalid Ali Baniyaseen, Muhammad I Siddiqui, Neda M Bogari, Faisal A Al-Allaf, Mohiuddin M Taher
Background: Ultrasonography (US) is being recognized as a traditional way of the diagnosis of various thyroid disorders, and this will help in detecting the thyroid tumors in early stage. Thyroid nodules are common and usually benign; steps to diagnose malignancy should include a careful clinical evaluation, laboratory tests, a thyroid US exam and a fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy. Methods: A total of 173 registered cases were used for analysis in this study...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315154/characteristics-and-comorbidities-of-inpatients-without-celiac-disease-on-a-gluten-free-diet
#9
John W Blackett, Meghana Shamsunder, Norelle R Reilly, Peter H R Green, Benjamin Lebwohl
OBJECTIVES: Despite the increasing popularity of gluten-free diet (GFD), the demographic characteristics and medical features of patients without celiac disease on this diet have not been extensively investigated.We aimed to characterize the medical conditions and demographic backgrounds of hospitalized patients without celiac disease who adhere to a GFD, to further understand their reasons for gluten avoidance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an observational cohort study on all inpatients at Columbia University Medical Center on a GFD in 2011-2016, excluding those with celiac disease, compared with age-matched and sex-matched inpatients on a regular diet...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313284/endocrinological-aspects-of-hiv-infection
#10
REVIEW
F S Mirza, P Luthra, L Chirch
PURPOSE: Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are living longer with effective antiretroviral therapies and are enjoying near normal life span. Therefore, they are encountering endocrine issues faced by the general population along with those specific to HIV infection. The purpose of this article is to review the common endocrine aspects of HIV infection, and the early detection and management strategies for these complications. METHODS: Recent literature on HIV and endocrine disease was reviewed...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310810/radiological-features-and-metastatic-patterns-of-thymic-neuroendocrine-tumours
#11
T Araki, L M Sholl, H Hatabu, M Nishino
AIM: To investigate the clinical and image features of thymic neuroendocrine tumours (NETs), and characterise the radiological patterns of recurrence and metastasis on serial imaging studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 14 patients (11 males) with a histopathological diagnosis of thymic NETs (one typical carcinoid, eight atypical carcinoid, and five large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma). Preoperative images were assessed for features of primary tumours...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310665/a-patient-specific-treatment-model-for-graves-hyperthyroidism
#12
Balamurugan Pandiyan, Stephen J Merrill, Flavia Di Bari, Alessandro Antonelli, Salvatore Benvenga
BACKGROUND: Graves' is disease an autoimmune disorder of the thyroid gland caused by circulating anti-thyroid receptor antibodies (TRAb) in the serum. TRAb mimics the action of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and stimulates the thyroid hormone receptor (TSHR), which results in hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland) and goiter. Methimazole (MMI) is used for hyperthyroidism treatment for patients with Graves' disease. METHODS: We have developed a model using a system of ordinary differential equations for hyperthyroidism treatment with MMI...
January 9, 2018: Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302478/thyroid-nodules-coexisting-with-either-cystic-or-solid-breast-nodules-a-new-clue-for-this-association-between-nodules-coming-from-ultrasonography
#13
Alessandro Sindoni, Fausto Fama', Antonio Rosano', Claudio Scisca, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Christian A Koch, Maria Gioffrè-Florio, Salvatore Benvenga
Background: Thyroid and breast nodules (BNs) are common, their prevalence varying based mainly on the population (including age, residence in area of different iodine availability) studied and methods used. The coincidence of thyroid and breast diseases remains controversial and the majority of the studies evaluate the association between breast cancer and thyroid disorders. Here we describe our experience of such association in a non-oncological series. Methods: Between the years 2000 and 2005, 3,372 patients from outpatient clinics were referred for thyroid ultrasonography (US) at our University Hospital; concurrent breast US in the 1,896 women revealed the presence of BNs in 127...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301248/differences-in-the-plasma-proteome-of-patients-with-hypothyroidism-before-and-after-thyroid-hormone-replacement-a-proteomic-analysis
#14
Assim A Alfadda, Hicham Benabdelkamel, Afshan Masood, Anwar A Jammah, Aishah A Ekhzaimy
Thyroid hormone is a potent stimulator of metabolism, playing a critical role in regulating energy expenditure and in key physiological mechanisms, such as growth and development. Although administration of thyroid hormone in the form of levo thyroxine (l-thyroxine) has been used to treat hypothyroidism for many years, the precise molecular basis of its physiological actions remains uncertain. Our objective was to define the changes in circulating protein levels that characterize alterations in thyroid hormone status...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299645/transcutaneous-laryngeal-ultrasonography-for-laryngeal-immobility-diagnosis-in-patients-with-voice-disorders-after-thyroid-parathyroid-surgery
#15
Diane S Lazard, Héloïse Bergeret-Cassagne, Muriel Lefort, Laurence Leenhardt, Gilles Russ, Frédérique Frouin, Christophe Trésallet
BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous laryngeal ultrasonography (TLUS) was recently developed to assess recurrent nerve palsy after thyroid/parathyroid surgery, with variable rates of efficiency. The aim of the current study was to evaluate this technique using subjective estimation and post-processing quantitative data. METHODS: Fifty subjects presenting with a recurrent nerve palsy and 50 "controls" presenting with voice, swallowing, or breathing disorders following thyroid/parathyroid surgery were prospectively included...
January 3, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289659/elevated-aggressive-behavior-in-male-mice-with-thyroid-specific-prkar1a-and-global-epac1-gene-deletion
#16
Kathryn L G Russart, Danielle Huk, Randy J Nelson, Lawrence S Kirschner
Alterations in circulating thyroid hormone concentrations are associated with several psychological and behavioral disorders. In humans, behavioral disorders such as anxiety, depression, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder can be associated with thyroid disease. The Tpo-Cre;Prkar1aflox/flox;Epac1-/- (R1A-Epac1KO) mice, originally bred to investigate the role of exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac1) in follicular thyroid cancer, displayed self-mutilating and aggressive behaviors during casual observation...
December 28, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286511/cerebral-impact-of-prenatal-irradiation-by-131i-an-experimental-model-of-clinical-neuroradioembryological-effects
#17
V V Talko, K M Loganovsky, I P Drozd, Ye V Tukalenko, T K Loganovska, S Yu Nechayev, S V Masiuk, Ye M Prokhorova
Human brain in prenatal period is a most vulnerable to ionizing radiation body structure. Unlike atomic bombings or radiological interventions in healthcare leading at most to external irradiation the intensive internal exposure may occur upon nuclear reactor accidents followed by substantial release and fallout of radioactive 131I. The latter can lead to specific neuroradioembryological effects. OBJECTIVE: To create an experimental model of prenatal cerebral radiation effects of 131I in human and to determine the experimental and clinical neuroradioembryological effects...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286493/twenty-five-years-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine-progress-and-priorities-for-future-of-radiation-medicine-and-biology
#18
D Bazyka
After the creation of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine in 1993 the Research Center for Radiation Medicine was among the first institutions to join the Academy (fig. 1). Estab lishing the Academy was among the first steps of the independent Ukrainian government and aimed to provide a high level health care for population. It was extremely needed for the minimization of Chornobyl medical consequences. This choice was related to a growing recognition of the scientific research in fulfilling the Сenter's mission - study of the effects of low dose radiation on human body and radiation protection of the exposed population...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285444/optimal-levothyroxine-replacement-adequately-improves-symptoms-of-hypothyroidism-residual-symptoms-need-further-evaluation-for-other-than-hypothyroidism-causation
#19
Rekha Singh, Ashwani Tandon, Sushil Kumar Gupta, K Saroja
Objectives: Many patients with hypothyroidism complain of persistent residual symptoms, despite optimal treatment, although the similar prevalence is seen in patients with documented absence of thyroid disorder in primary health-care setup. We aimed to investigate symptomatic relief in new cases of primary hypothyroidism and compare with controls with other chronic conditions. Methods: This prospective case-control follow-up study enrolled patients from July 2014 to May 2015 in an endocrine outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285439/incidence-of-endocrine-disorders-in-indian-adult-male-population
#20
K V S H Kumar, S K Patnaik
Background: The comprehensive epidemiology of endocrine disorders is lacking from our country. Most of the available data pertain to the prevalence of diabetes and thyroid disorders only. We studied the incidence of endocrine disorders in a cohort of service personnel followed for a long duration. Materials and Methods: The data for this descriptive epidemiologic study were derived from the electronic medical records of the male service personnel enrolled between 1990 and 2015...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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