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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166727/-analysis-on-the-trends-in-mortality-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-from-1999-to-2015-in-tianjin-of-china
#1
D Z Wang, H Zhang, Z L Xu, Y Zhang, G D Song, X D Xue, C Wang, G H Jiang
Objective: To explore the trends change in mortality following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from 1999 to 2015 in Tianjin, China. Methods: AMI mortality data from 1999 to 2015 were obtained from Tianjin population based mortality surveillance system operated by the Tianjin Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and population data of permanent residents were obtained from Tianjin Municipal Public Security Bureau. The trends change and affecting factors including gender, age, and geographic distribution on mortality following AMI were analyzed...
November 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166649/extended-light-exposure-increases-stem-digestibility-and-biomass-production-of-switchgrass
#2
Chunqiao Zhao, Xifeng Fan, Xincun Hou, Yi Zhu, Yuesen Yue, Juying Wu
Switchgrass is a photoperiod-sensitive energy grass suitable for growing in the marginal lands of China. We explored the effects of extended photoperiods of low-irradiance light (7 μmol·m-2·s-1, no effective photosynthesis) on the growth, the biomass dry weight, the biomass allocation, and, especially, the stem digestibility and cell wall characteristics of switchgrass. Two extended photoperiods (i.e., 18 and 24 h) were applied over Alamo. Extended light exposure (18 and 24 h) resulted in delayed heading and higher dry weights of vegetative organs (by 32...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166402/early-pleistocene-archaeological-occurrences-at-the-feiliang-site-and-the-archaeology-of-human-origins-in-the-nihewan-basin-north-china
#3
Shuwen Pei, Fei Xie, Chenglong Deng, Zhenxiu Jia, Xiaomin Wang, Ying Guan, Xiaoli Li, Dongdong Ma, Ignacio de la Torre
The Early Pleistocene archaeological evidence from the fluvio-lacustrine sequence of the Nihewan Basin (North China) offers an excellent opportunity to explore early human evolution and behavior in a temperate setting in East Asia, following the earliest 'Out of Africa'. Here we present the first comprehensive study of the Feiliang (FL) site, with emphasis on the archaeological sequence, site integrity, and stone artifact assemblages. Magnetostratigraphic dating results show that early humans occupied the site ca...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166378/blood-pressure-variability-is-independent-of-systolic-pressure-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#4
Jingjing Da, Zulong Zhang, Yan Shen, Qian Li, Ying Hu, Yan Zha
OBJECTIVE: Pre-dialysis blood pressure variability (BPV) in adolescent and young-adult maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients remains unknown. This study aimed to show the degree of 44-hour BPV and to explore its related risk factors in adolescent and young-adult MHD patients. METHOD: One hundred and fifty-three hemodialysis patients aged from 14 to 29 were selected from 11 medical facilities in Guizhou, China. Variability independent of mean BP (VIM) obtained by 44-hour ambulatory BP monitoring was used to calculate BPV...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166273/first-report-of-feline-calicivirus-fcv-infection-in-stray-cats-in-northeast-china
#5
Kai Wang, Zhihua Pei, Guixue Hu
To improve our understanding of Feline calicivirus (FCV) infection in cats in Northeast China, 1584 serum samples from 974 domestic cats and 610 stray cats were collected between 2012 and 2015. The samples were tested for FCV antibodies using a commercially available ELISA kit. The results revealed an overall seroprevalence of 37.56% (595/1584), a seroprevalence in domestic cats of 32.85% (320/974) and a seroprevalence in stray cats of 45.08% (275/610). Risk factor analysis indicated that species was the only risk factor for the presence of FCV (OR=1...
September 26, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166136/the-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-b-receptor-gabab-encephalitis-clinical-manifestations-and-response-to-immunotherapy
#6
Junzhao Cui, Hui Bu, Junying He, Zeyan Zhao, Weixin Han, Ruiping Gao, Xiaoqing Li, Qing Li, Xiaosu Guo, Yueli Zou
PURPOSE: We report 11 patients diagnosed with GABAB receptor (GABABR) antibodies encephalitis in China and aim to analyse the clinical characteristics, laboratory and imaging findings, therapeutic modalities and outcomes. METHODS: Clinical data from patients diagnosed with anti-GABAB receptor encephalitis in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University from February 2016 to October 2016 January were retrospectively collected and evaluated. RESULTS: Seven of the eleven patients were males, and a mean age at presentation of 63 years (range: 47-79 years)...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165892/assays-for-estimating-hiv-incidence-updated-global-market-assessment-and-estimated-economic-value
#7
Charles S Morrison, Rick Homan, Natasha Mack, Pairin Seepolmuang, Megan Averill, Jamilah Taylor, Jennifer Osborn, Peter Dailey, Neil Parkin, Stefano Ongarello, Timothy D Mastro
INTRODUCTION: Accurate incidence estimates are needed to characterize the HIV epidemic and guide prevention efforts. HIV Incidence assays are cost-effective laboratory assays that provide incidence estimates from cross-sectional surveys. We conducted a global market assessment of HIV incidence assays under three market scenarios and estimated the economic value of improved incidence assays. METHODS: We interviewed 27 stakeholders, and reviewed journal articles, working group proceedings, and manufacturers' sales figures...
November 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165735/thyroid-stimulating-hormone-within-the-reference-range-is-associated-with-visceral-adiposity-index-and-lipid-accumulation-product-a-population-based-study-of-spect-china
#8
Yi Chen, Yingchao Chen, Ningjian Wang, Chi Chen, Xiaomin Nie, Qin Li, Bing Han, Yingli Lu
Few studies about the relationship of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level with visceral adiposity index (VAI) and lipid accumulation product (LAP) in large Chinese population are available. The aim of this study was to explore whether TSH level within the reference range was associated with these two newer reliable cardiovascular risk factors. The data were obtained from a cross-sectional study (SPECT-China study, 2014-2015), which was based on the population. Participants underwent several checkups, which included anthropometric parameters, blood pressure, TSH levels, and glucose and lipid profiles...
November 17, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165664/analysis-of-the-huge-immigration-of-sogatella-furcifera-hemiptera-delphacidae-to-southern-china-in-the-spring-of-2012
#9
Si-Si Sun, Yun-Xuan Bao, Yan Wu, Min-Hong Lu, Hoang-Anh Tuan
Sogatella furcifera (Horváth) is a migratory rice pest that periodically erupts across Asia, and early immigration is an important cause of its outbreak. The early immigration of S. furcifera into southern China shows evident annual fluctuations. In the spring of 2012, the huge size of the immigrant population and the large number of immigration peaks were at levels rarely seen prior to that year. However, little research has been done on the entire process of round-trip migration to clarify the development of the population, the long-distance migration and the final eruption...
November 19, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165645/down-regulation-of-mir-378a-3p-induces-decidual-cell-apoptosis-a-possible-mechanism-for-early-pregnancy-loss
#10
Lihua Hong, Tiantian Yu, Haiyan Xu, Ningning Hou, Qi Cheng, Lihua Lai, Qingqing Wang, Jianzhong Sheng, Hefeng Huang
STUDY QUESTION: Do microRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to human early pregnancy loss (EPL)? SUMMARY ANSWER: miR-378a-3p expression is regulated by progesterone and is down-regulated in ducidua of EPL patients which may contribute to decidual apoptosis through Caspase-3 activation. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: A variety of miRNAs have been demonstrated to be associated with the development of decidualization and placental formation. However, little has been reported on the roles of miRNA in the pathogenesis of EPL...
November 18, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165365/integrated-evaluation-of-coupling-coordination-for-land-use-change-and-ecological-security-a-case-study-in-wuhan-city-of-hubei-province-china
#11
Ji Chai, Zhanqi Wang, Hongwei Zhang
As land resources and ecosystems provide necessary materials and conditions for human development, land use change and ecological security play increasingly important roles in sustainable development. This study aims to reveal the mutual-influence and interaction between land use change and ecological security in Wuhan, based on the coupling coordination degree model. As such, it provides strategies for the achievement of the synchronous and coordinated development of urbanization and ecological security. The results showed that, during the period from 2006 to 2012, the size of built-up area in Wuhan increased to 26...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165326/aspersymmetide-a-a-new-centrosymmetric-cyclohexapeptide-from-the-marine-derived-fungus-aspergillus-versicolor
#12
Xue-Mei Hou, Ya-Hui Zhang, Yang Hai, Ji-Yong Zheng, Yu-Cheng Gu, Chang-Yun Wang, Chang-Lun Shao
A new centrosymmetric cyclohexapeptide, aspersymmetide A (1), together with a known peptide, asperphenamate (2), was isolated from the fungus Aspergillus versicolor isolated from a gorgonian coral Carijoa sp., collected from the South China Sea. The chemical structure of 1 was elucidated by analyzing its NMR spectroscopy and MS spectrometry data, and the absolute configurations of the amino acids of 1 were determined by Marfey's method and UPLC-MS analysis of the hydrolysate. Aspersymmetide A (1) represents the first example of marine-derived centrosymmetric cyclohexapeptide...
November 22, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165238/clusters-of-human-infection-and-human-to-human-transmission-of-avian-influenza-a-h7n9-virus-2013-2017
#13
Lei Zhou, Enfu Chen, Changjun Bao, Nijuan Xiang, Jiabing Wu, Shengen Wu, Jian Shi, Xianjun Wang, Yaxu Zheng, Yi Zhang, Ruiqi Ren, Carolyn M Greene, Fiona Havers, A Danielle Iuliano, Ying Song, Chao Li, Tao Chen, Yali Wang, Dan Li, Daxin Ni, Yanping Zhang, Zijian Feng, Timothy M Uyeki, Qun Li
To detect changes in human-to-human transmission of influenza A(H7N9) virus, we analyzed characteristics of 40 clusters of case-patients during 5 epidemics in China in 2013-2017. Similarities in number and size of clusters and proportion of clusters with probable human-to-human transmission across all epidemics suggest no change in human-to-human transmission risk.
February 17, 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165219/porcine-circovirus-type-1-was-undetected-in-vaccine-but-could-be-cultured-in-the-cell-substrate-of-lanzhou-lamb-rotavirus-vaccine
#14
Qingchuan Yu, Yan Liu, Jialiang Du, Yueyue Liu, Lili Zhang, Tai Guo
In 2010, Rotarix was found to be contaminated with infectious porcine circovirus type 1 (PCV1). In China, the Lanzhou lamb rotavirus (LLR) vaccine is the only vaccine used to prevent rotavirus disease. From 2006 to September 2014, more than 54 million doses of LLR vaccines have been lot released. It is a safety issue whether PCV1 is present in the LLR vaccine. Although the cell substrate of LLR, bovine kidney (BK), is different from that of Rotarix, we have investigated the cell's permissivity for PCV1 by both infectivity and full-length PCR analysis...
November 22, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165167/the-relation-between-cigarette-taxes-and-older-adult-smoking-in-zhejiang-and-gansu-what-happened-following-the-2009-chinese-tax-adjustments
#15
Qing Wang
BACKGROUND: In May 2009, the Chinese government raised cigarette excise tax rates and adjusted standards for Grade A cigarettes and Grade B cigarettes. The present study aimed to examine the effects of the tax adjustments in 2009 on smoking behaviors and health outcomes among smokers aged above 45. METHODS: Data from the 2008 and 2012 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study of Zhejiang and Gansu provinces were used to estimate the influence of tax increase on the number of cigarettes smoked daily and health capital...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165161/rare-variants-of-rnf213-and-moyamoya-non-moyamoya-intracranial-artery-stenosis-occlusion-disease-risk-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#16
Xin Liao, Jing Deng, Wenjie Dai, Tong Zhang, Junxia Yan
BACKGROUND: The p.R4810K and other rare variants of ring finger protein 213 gene (RNF213) were illustrated as susceptibility variants for moyamoya (MMD) and non-moyamoya intracranial artery stenosis/occlusion disease (ICASO) recently. However, the effect sizes of p.R4810K were in great discrepancy even in studies of the same ethnic population and firm conclusions of other rare variants have been elusive given the small sample sizes and lack of replication. Thus, we performed this study to quantitatively evaluate whether or to what extent the rare variants of RNF213 contribute to MMD and ICASO in different populations...
November 2, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165159/increase-in-the-prevalence-of-hypertension-among-adults-exposed-to-the-great-chinese-famine-during-early-life
#17
Lingli Liu, Xianglong Xu, Huan Zeng, Yong Zhang, Zumin Shi, Fan Zhang, Xianqing Cao, Yao Jie Xie, Cesar Reis, Yong Zhao
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the association between exposure to the Great Chinese Famine (1959-1961) during early life and hypertension in adulthood. METHODS: From July to September 2009, 1224 eligible adults were recruited in a cross-sectional survey using a multi-stage stratified random sampling method in Chongqing China. A questionnaire was used to collect information of hypertension and sociodemographic factors. Participants were categorized as childhood, fetal, and none exposure to famine based on the date of birth...
August 25, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165156/total-arsenic-and-speciation-analysis-of-saliva-and-urine-samples-from-individuals-living-in-a-chronic-arsenicosis-area-in-china
#18
Dapeng Wang, Yasuyo Shimoda, Sanxiang Wang, Zhenghui Wang, Jian Liu, Xing Liu, Huanyu Jin, Fenfang Gao, Jian Tong, Kenzo Yamanaka, Jie Zhang, Yan An
BACKGROUND: It is generally acknowledged that the determination of harmful chemical compounds excreted into saliva is useful for assessing their exposure levels. The aim of the present study was to compare the total arsenic and its species in saliva and urine samples collected from the people residing in an arsenic-contaminated area of China and to further verify the feasibility of using salivary arsenic as a new biomarker of arsenic exposure. METHODS: Total arsenic and speciation analyses in urine and saliva samples among 70 residents exposed to arsenic from drinking water in Shanxi, China were carried out by high-performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP/MS)...
May 11, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165144/isolation-and-identification-of-acanthamoeba-strains-from-soil-and-tap-water-in-yanji-china
#19
Yinghua Xuan, Yanqin Shen, Yuxi Ge, Gen Yan, Shanzi Zheng
BACKGROUND: Members of the genus Acanthamoeba are widely distributed throughout the world, and some of them are considered pathogenic, as they are capable of causing corneal and central nervous system diseases. In this study, we isolated Acanthamoeba strains from soil and tap water in Yanji, China. METHODS: We identified four strains of Acanthamoeba (CJY/S1, CJY/S2, CJY/S3, and CJY/W1) using mitochondrial DNA restriction fragment length polymorphism (mtDNA RFLP) analysis...
June 30, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165137/anorexia-nervosa-depression-and-suicidal-thoughts-among-chinese-adolescents-a-national-school-based-cross-sectional-study
#20
Qiguo Lian, Xiayun Zuo, Yanyan Mao, Shan Luo, Shucheng Zhang, Xiaowen Tu, Chaohua Lou, Weijin Zhou
BACKGROUND: Although there is much literature on adolescent suicide, combined effects of depression and anorexia nervosa on suicide were rarely investigated. The aims of this study are to examine the association between anorexia nervosa and suicidal thoughts and explore the interaction between anorexia nervosa and depression. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, in the study, a sample of 8,746 Chinese adolescents was selected by multistage stratified method in 2012/2013 from 20 middle schools in 7 provinces across China Mainland...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
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