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J O Frimpong, E S K Ofori, S Yeboah, D Marri, B K Offei, F Apaatah, J O Sintim, E Ofori-Ayeh, M Osae
This study evaluated three herbicides active ingredients: Paraquat, Glyphosate and 2,4-D Amine in commercial formulations as Frankoquat, Roundup and Agriherb respectively under field conditions to determine their influence on soil dwelling macrobes and the physical state of soil. Herbicides were serially diluted to three treatment concentrations for each plus three controls. Herbicide concentrations were applied to the demarcated field on three consecutive occasions in splits. Macrobes extraction from soil was done under a stereo microscope at 20 × magnification...
March 15, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
E Kondera, B Teodorczuk, K Ługowska, M Witeska
The effects of Roundup (glyphosate-based herbicide) on peripheral blood parameters and hematopoietic tissue cellular composition and activity in common carp juveniles were evaluated. The fish were exposed for 7 days at 0.0, 0.1, 0.5, or 5.0 mg/L of glyphosate. In fish exposed to Roundup, hematological alterations were observed; however, most of them were not directly related to the herbicide concentration. An increase in Ht and MCV, and decrease in Hb, MCH, and MCHC compared to the control were observed. Fish exposed to Roundup showed also a reduction in WBC and oxidative metabolic activity of phagocytes (NBT) compared to the control...
March 14, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Zorica Nikolić, Gordana Petrović, Dejana Panković, Maja Ignjatov, Dragana Marinković, Milan Stojanović, Vuk Đorđević
The aim of this study is to assess DNA degradation, DNA amplification, and GMO quantity during tofu production. Soybean seeds were spiked with Roundup Ready® soybeans (RRS) at 0.9, 2, 3 and 5% (by mass), to assess the level of RSS that would be of practical interest for threshold labelling. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was more effective than conventional PCR in the analysis of raw soymilk, okara, boiled soymilk and tofu. The negative effect of grinding and mechanical manipulation was obvious in the okara sample prepared with 3 and 5% RRS, where GMO content was reduced to (2...
December 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Eniko Farkas, Andras Szekacs, Boglarka Kovacs, Marianna Olah, Robert Horvath, Inna Szekacs
Rapid and inexpensive biosensor technologies allowing real-time analysis of biomolecular and cellular events have become the basis of next-generation cell-based screening techniques. Our work opens up novel opportunities in the application of the high-throughput label-free Epic BenchTop optical biosensor in cell toxicity studies. The Epic technology records integrated cellular responses about changes in cell morphology and dynamic mass redistribution of cellular contents at the 100-150 nm layer above the sensor surface...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
John Costello
Synopses of a selection of recently published research articles of relevance to palliative care.
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
Tainá Carneiro de Castro Monte, Brunna Vianna Braga, Maurício Carvalho de Vasconcellos, Arnon Dias Jurberg, Ester Maria Mota, Helene Santos Barbosa, Juberlan Silva Garcia, Arnaldo Maldonado Júnior
Helminth parasites have been studied as potential accumulators for different pollutants. Echinostoma paraensei is a foodborne trematode whose vertebrate host, the rodent Nectomys squamipes, is naturally exposed to environmental pesticides. However, little information exists regarding the pesticide's effects on helminths. This study investigated the morphological effects on the trematode, E. paraensei, after experimental Roundup® herbicide exposure, in concentrations below those recommended for agricultural use...
February 19, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
Peter Good
Because certain hereditary diseases show autistic behavior, and autism often runs in families, researchers seek genes underlying the pathophysiology of autism, thus core behaviors. Other researchers argue environmental factors are decisive, citing compelling evidence of an autism epidemic in the United States beginning about 1980. Recognition that environmental factors influence gene expression led to synthesis of these views - an 'epigenetic epidemic' provoked by pervasive environmental agents altering expression of vulnerable genes, inducing characteristic autistic biochemistries in many mothers and infants...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Glaucia Dal Santo, Alan Grotto, Aline A Boligon, Bárbara Da Costa, Cassiano L Rambo, Emily A Fantini, Elisa Sauer, Luan M V Lazzarotto, Kanandra T Bertoncello, Osmar Tomazelli Júnior, Solange C Garcia, Anna M Siebel, Denis B Rosemberg, Jacir Dal Magro, Greicy M M Conterato, Leila Zanatta
Oxidative stress and DNA damage are involved in the glyphosate-based herbicide toxicity. Uncaria tomentosa (UT; Rubiaceae) is a plant species from South America containing bioactive compounds with known beneficial properties. The objective of this work was to evaluate the antioxidant and antigenotoxic potential of UT extract in a model of acute exposure to glyphosate-Roundup® (GR) in zebrafish (Danio rerio). We showed that UT (1.0 mg/mL) prevented the decrease of brain total thiols, the increase of lipid peroxidation in both brain and liver, and the decrease of liver GPx activity caused after 96 h of GR (5...
February 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
António Chamuene, Tamíris Alves Araújo, Gerson Silva, Thiago Leandro Costa, Paulo Geraldo Berger, Marcelo Coutinho Picanço
Natural mortality factors are responsible for regulating pest populations in the field. However, plant attributes such as the variety and phenological stage can influence the performance of these factors. Therefore, we investigated the performance of the natural mortality factors of Aphis gossypii (Glover; Hemiptera: Aphididae) as a function of the plant variety and phenology. To investigate the performance of these factors, we evaluated the mortality of A. gossypii caused by natural mortality factors for 2 yr in field conditions in transgenic (Bacillus thuringiensis/Roundup Ready) and non-transgenic cotton crops during vegetative, flowering, and fruiting stages...
February 7, 2018: Environmental Entomology
Júlia Carina Niemeyer, Fernanda Benedet de Santo, Naiara Guerra, Altair Maçaneiro Ricardo Filho, Tatiani Maria Pech
Despite glyphosate-based herbicides are widely used in agriculture, forestry and gardens, little is known about its effects on non-target organisms. The present work evaluated the ecotoxicity of four formulated products (Roundup ® Original, Trop ® , Zapp ® Qi 620 and Crucial ® ) on soil invertebrates. Screening ecotoxicity tests were carried out with soil and oat straw collected in a field experiment, besides laboratory-spiked soils. Screening tests included avoidance behaviour of earthworms (Eisenia andrei), collembolans (Folsomia candida) and isopods (Porcellio dilatatus) in single and multispecies tests; reproduction of collembolans (F...
January 31, 2018: Chemosphere
Tanilene Sotero Pinto Persch, Patrícia Rodrigues da Silva, Sarah Helen Dias Dos Santos, Betânia Souza de Freitas, Guendalina Turcato Oliveira
This study analyzed the effect of different concentrations of herbicides (Facet®, Primoleo®, and Roundup®) on metabolism and oxidative balance (superoxide dismutase and catalase activity, lipid peroxidation) in the gills, liver, kidneys, and tail muscle of adult catfish. All herbicides caused protein depletion in gills, increased glycogen and triacylglycerol consumption in the liver, and changes in muscle glycogen. Roundup® and Primoleo® stimulated lipid deposition in the liver, while Roundup® and Facet® stimulated lipid consumption in gills...
January 9, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
U Reno, S R Doyle, F R Momo, L Regaldo, A M Gagneten
The general objective of this work is to experimentally assess the effects of acute glyphosate pollution on two freshwater cladoceran species (Daphnia magna and Ceriodaphnia dubia) and to use this information to predict the population dynamics and the potential for recovery of exposed organisms. Five to six concentrations of four formulations of glyphosate (4-Gly) (Eskoba®, Panzer Gold®, Roundup Ultramax® and Sulfosato Touchdown®) were evaluated in both cladoceran species through acute tests and 15-day recovery tests in order to estimate the population dynamics of microcrustaceans...
February 5, 2018: Ecotoxicology
John Costello
Synopses of a selection of recently published research articles of relevance to palliative care.
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
Yuri Dornelles Zebral, Luize Real Lansini, Patrícia Gomes Costa, Mauricio Roza, Adalto Bianchini, Ricardo Berteaux Robaldo
Roundup is the most popular glyphosate-based herbicide (GBH) worldwide. These formulations kill a wide range of plants. Despite that, non-target species can be jeopardized by GBH, such as the annual fish Austrolebias nigrofasciatus. This species occurs in wetlands that dries annually. Key-adaptations permit them to live in such harsh habitats, e. i. Elevated fertility, drought-tolerant diapausing embryos and elevated thermal tolerance. We aimed to evaluate acute (96 h) effects of Roundup exposure (0.36 or 3...
January 2, 2018: Chemosphere
Patrizia Bonfanti, M Saibene, R Bacchetta, P Mantecca, A Colombo
Glyphosate is the active ingredient in broad-spectrum herbicide formulations used in agriculture, domestic area and aquatic weed control worldwide. Its market is growing steadily concurrently with the cultivation of glyphosate-tolerant transgenic crops and emergence of weeds less sensitive to glyphosate. Ephemeral and lentic waters near to agricultural lands, representing favorite habitats for amphibian reproduction and early life-stage development, may thus be contaminated by glyphosate based herbicides (GBHs) residues...
December 24, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
Hui Li, Adam F Wallace, Mingjing Sun, Patrick N Reardon, Deb P Jaisi
Glyphosate is the active ingredient of the common herbicide Roundup®. The increasing presence of glyphosate and its byproducts has raised concerns about its potential impact on the environment and human health. In this research, we investigated abiotic pathways of glyphosate degradation as catalyzed by birnessite under aerobic and neutral pH conditions to determine whether certain pathways have the potential to generate less harmful intermediate products. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were utilized to identify and quantify reaction products, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations were used to investigate the bond critical point (BCP) properties of the C‒N bond in glyphosate and Mn(IV)‒complexed glyphosate...
January 3, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: American Journal of Nursing
M L Jaramillo, A G Pereira, C E Davico, L Nezzi, D Ammar, Y M R Müller, E M Nazari
Roundup is a glyphosate-based herbicide (GBH) widely used in agriculture and may cause toxic effects in non-target organisms. Model organisms, as zebrafish, and analysis of gene expression by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) could be used to better understand the Roundup toxicity. A prerequisite for RT-qPCR is the availability of appropriate reference genes; however, they have not been described for Roundup-exposed fish. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression stability of six reference genes (rpl8, β-act, gapdh, b2m, ef1α, hprt1) and one expressed repetitive element (hatn10) in organs of males (brain, gill, testis) and females (ovary) of zebrafish exposed to Roundup WG at three concentrations (0...
November 27, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
John Costello
Synopses of a selection of recently published research articles of relevance to palliative care.
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
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