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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944710/high-rates-of-antimicrobial-resistance-of-esbl-producing-enterobacteriaceae-isolated-from-clinical-samples-in-northeast-of-brazil
#1
Miguel Araújo Rios Neto, Vaneska Magalhães Rios, Luiza Franco Corá, Marcela Machado Fonseca, Kennio Ferreira-Paim, Fernanda Machado Fonseca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944617/genetic-diversity-anti-microbial-resistance-plasmid-profile-and-frequency-of-the-vi-antigen-in-salmonella-dublin-strains-isolated-in-brazil
#2
F P Vilela, M R Frazão, D P Rodrigues, R G Costa, M R T Casas, S A Fernandes, J P Falcão, F Campioni
Salmonella Dublin is strongly adapted to cattle causing enteritis and/or systemic disease with high rates of mortality. However, it can be sporadically isolated from humans, usually causing serious disease, especially in patients with underlying chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to molecularly type S. Dublin strains isolated from humans and animals in Brazil to verify the diversity of these strains as well as to ascertain possible differences between strains isolated from humans and animals. Moreover, the presence of the capsular antigen Vi and the plasmid profile was characterized in addition to the anti-microbial resistance against 15 drugs...
September 24, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943446/evaluation-of-genotoxicity-and-subchronic-toxicity-of-the-standardized-leaves-infusion-extract-of-copaifera-malmei-harms-in-experimental-models
#3
Eduarda Pavan, Amilcar Sabino Damazo, Larissa Maria Scalon Lemos, Bulus Adzu, Sikiru Olaitan Balogun, Karuppusamy Arunachalam, Domingos Tabajara de Oliveira Martins
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Copaifera malmei Harms (Fabaceae), known mainly as óleo-mirim, is a native and endemic plant found in the states of Mato Grosso and Goiás of Brazil. The plant's leaves infusion is popularly used by riverine communities of the northern Araguaia microregion, Mato Grosso, Brazil, for the treatment of gastric ulcers and inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract. The gastric antiulcer activity of the standardized leaves infusion extract of Copaifera malmei (SIECm) in rodents has been reported...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943267/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-mortality-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-130%C3%A2-000-people-from-17-high-income-middle-income-and-low-income-countries-the-pure-study
#4
Scott A Lear, Weihong Hu, Sumathy Rangarajan, Danijela Gasevic, Darryl Leong, Romaina Iqbal, Amparo Casanova, Sumathi Swaminathan, R M Anjana, Rajesh Kumar, Annika Rosengren, Li Wei, Wang Yang, Wang Chuangshi, Liu Huaxing, Sanjeev Nair, Rafael Diaz, Hany Swidon, Rajeev Gupta, Noushin Mohammadifard, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Aytekin Oguz, Katarzyna Zatonska, Pamela Seron, Alvaro Avezum, Paul Poirier, Koon Teo, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has a protective effect against cardiovascular disease (CVD) in high-income countries, where physical activity is mainly recreational, but it is not known if this is also observed in lower-income countries, where physical activity is mainly non-recreational. We examined whether different amounts and types of physical activity are associated with lower mortality and CVD in countries at different economic levels. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we recruited participants from 17 countries (Canada, Sweden, United Arab Emirates, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Poland, Turkey, Malaysia, South Africa, China, Colombia, Iran, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Zimbabwe)...
September 21, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943246/molecular-detection-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-ehrlichia-canis-in-a-philippine-dog
#5
Naoya Maekawa, Satoru Konnai, Michelle M Balbin, Claro N Mingala, Karlo R B Gicana, Francis A E M Bernando, Shiro Murata, Kazuhiko Ohashi
Canine monocytic ehrlichiosis (CME), caused by a rickettsial bacterium, Ehrlichia canis, is distributed worldwide, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. Transmission of E. canis is primarily mediated by the vector tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato and the bacteria then infect and replicate in monocytes and macrophages. Many cases are seen in veterinary hospitals and treated routinely; however, the genetic variation of E. canis strains found in the Philippines has been poorly investigated to date...
September 20, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943149/genomic-analysis-of-codon-usage-shows-influence-of-mutation-pressure-natural-selection-and-host-features-on-senecavirus-a-evolution
#6
Ye Chen, Quanming Xu, Xinxin Li, Xiaojuan Chi, Binxiang Cai, Ziding Yu, Ji-Long Chen
Senecavirus A (SVA) infection was recently confirmed in pigs in Brazil, United States of America and Canada. To better understand the molecular characteristics of isolated SVA genomes, we first reported genome-wide comprehensive analyses of codon usage and various factors that have contribute to the molecular evolution in SVA. The effective number of codons (ENC) ranged from 54.51 to 55.54 with an average of 54.87 ± 0.285, which reveals a relatively stable nucleotide composition. We found that codon usage bias of the SVA was low...
September 21, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942589/simultaneous-energy-generation-and-uv-quencher-removal-from-landfill-leachate-using-a-microbial-fuel-cell
#7
Syeed Md Iskander, John T Novak, Brian Brazil, Zhen He
The presence of UV quenching compounds in landfill leachate can negatively affect UV disinfection in a wastewater treatment plant when leachate is co-treated. Herein, a microbial fuel cell (MFC) was investigated to remove UV quenchers from a landfill leachate with simultaneous bioelectricity generation. The key operating parameters including hydraulic retention time (HRT), anolyte recirculation rate, and external resistance were systematically studied to maximize energy recovery and UV absorbance reduction...
September 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942326/determination-of-the-hpge-detector-efficiency-in-measurements-of-radioactivity-in-extended-environmental-samples
#8
Diango M Montalván Olivares, M V Manso Guevara, Fermin G Velasco
A combination of experimental measurements and Monte Carlo (MC) calculations was used to determine the full-energy peak efficiency of a HPGe detector employed in environmental measurements. The manufacturer-provided parameters of the detector were corrected by comparing measured values of the efficiency with those obtained by MC simulations. After the adjustment of the active volume of the detector, the simulated and experimentally measured efficiencies agreed within 1%. A full-energy peak efficiency curve for a new distance was obtained by simulation...
September 13, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942188/study-of-a-tropical-soil-in-order-to-use-it-to-retain-aluminum-iron-manganese-and-fluoride-from-acid-mine-drainage
#9
Miriam Gonçalves Miguel, Rodrigo Paiva Barreto, Sueli Yoshinaga Pereira
The Ore Treatment Unit (UTM-Caldas), in the city of Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil, nowadays in decommissioning stage, was the first uranium extraction mine in Brazil. Several negative environmental impacts in the area have occurred, because of mining, treatment and beneficiation processes. Waste rock pile 4 (WRP-4) generates acid mine drainage (AMD), which is discharged in the Nestor Figueiredo retention pond (NFP). However, leakage of acid water by the NFP dam foundation has been constantly observed. Therefore, this research aimed to investigate a typical tropical soil, in order to use it as mineral liner for the NFP to minimize the leakage of acid water through the dam foundation and to retain predominant chemical species...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941958/disability-in-older-adults-with-acute-low-back-pain-the-study-back-complaints-in-the-elderly-brazil
#10
Alessandra Regina Silva Araujo Aguiar, Giane Amorim Ribeiro-Samora, Leani Souza Maximo Pereira, Larissa Birro Godinho, Marcella Guimarães Assis
BACKGROUND: The increase in the older adult and oldest old population in Brazil is growing. This phenomenon may be accompanied by an increase in musculoskeletal symptoms such as low back pain. This condition is usually associated with disability. OBJECTIVE: To verify the association between pain intensity and disability in older adults with acute low back pain and assess whether these variables differ depending on the age group and marital status. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with 532 older adults with acute low back pain episodes...
July 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941935/diversity-of-piroplasmids-among-wild-and-domestic-mammals-and-ectoparasites-in-pantanal-wetland-brazil
#11
Keyla Carstens Marques de Sousa, Marina Pugnaghi Fernandes, Heitor Miraglia Herrera, Carla Roberta Freschi, Rosangela Zacarias Machado, Marcos Rogério André
Piroplasmoses are one of the most prevalent arthropod-borne diseases of animals. The present work aimed to investigate the occurrence of piroplasmid in wild mammals, domestic dogs and ectoparasites in southern Pantanal region, central-western Brazil. For that purpose, blood or tissue samples from 31 Nasua nasua, 78 Cerdocyon thous, 7 Leopardus pardalis, 42 dogs, 110 wild rodents, and 30 marsupials, and 1582 ticks were submitted to PCR assays for piroplasmid targeting 18SrRNA and hps70 genes. Seven dogs, one C...
September 20, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941730/insights-into-the-epidemiological-link-between-biting-flies-and-pemphigus-foliaceus-in-southeastern-brazil
#12
S Vernal, M Pepinelli, C Casanova, T Goulart, O Kim, N De Paula, M Pinto, A Sá-Nunes, A M Roselino
BACKGROUND: Black fly and sandfly bites are related to the endemicity of pemphigus foliaceus (PF); however, an immune reaction against the salivary proteins from these flies still requires determination in the case of PF patients living in southeastern Brazil. PURPOSE: To georeference the distribution of Simuliidae (Diptera: Simuliidae) and Phlebotominae (Diptera: Psychodidae) and of PF cases in the northeastern region of São Paulo State, and to assess the humoral immune response against salivary gland extracts (SGEs) from biting flies in PF patients, relatives, and neighbours...
September 20, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941631/chikungunya-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-series-of-cases
#13
Lígia Camera Pierrotti, Max Igor Banks Lopes, Ana Patrícia Nascimento, Hélio Caiaffa-Filho, Francine Brambate Carvalhinho Lemos, José Otto Reusing Junior, Odeli Nicole Encinas Sejas, Elias David-Neto, Luiz Sergio Azevedo
Chikungunya (CHIK) is a mosquito-borne virus (CHIKV) infection that recently appeared in the Americas and thousands of confirmed cases have been reported in Brazil since the first autochthonous cases were reported in September 2014. We reported four cases of CHIK in kidney transplant recipients. The diagnosis was confirmed by positive CHIKV real-time polymerase chain reaction in two cases and positive CHIKV-IgM serology in two patients. The time between transplantation and CHIKV infection ranged from 2 to 11 years...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940753/prevalence-virulence-factors-and-antifungal-susceptibility-of-candida-spp-isolated-from-bloodstream-infections-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-brazil
#14
Heliara Maria Spina Canela, Bárbara Cardoso, Lucia Helena Vitali, Harnoldo Colares Coelho, Roberto Martinez, Márcia Eliana da Silva Ferreira
Candida spp. are responsible for 80% of all systemic fungal infections and are associated with high mortality rates. This study characterised 79 bloodstream isolates of C. albicans, C. glabrata, C. orthopsilosis, C. parapsilosis and C. tropicalis from patients in a Brazilian hospital. The susceptibility to amphotericin B, caspofungin, fluconazole and voriconazole was determined; virulence factor production was assessed based on haemolysin, phospholipase and proteinase activities, and the patients' clinical characteristics were analysed...
September 22, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940668/challenges-facing-community-health-workers-in-brazil-s-family-health-strategy-a-qualitative-study
#15
Rebecca Grossman-Kahn, Julia Schoen, John William Mallett, Alexandra Brentani, Elizabeth Kaselitz, Michele Heisler
Community health worker (CHW) programs are implemented in many low- and middle-income countries such as Brazil to increase access to and quality of care for underserved populations; CHW programs have been found to improve certain indicators of health, but few studies have investigated the daily work of CHWs, their perspectives on what both helps and hinders them from fulfilling their roles, and ways that their effectiveness and job satisfaction could be increased. To examine these questions, we observed clinic visits, CHW home visits, and conducted semistructured interviews with CHWs in 7 primary care centers in Brazil-2 in Salvador, Bahia, and 5 in São Paulo, SP-in which CHWs are incorporated into the work of all primary care health teams...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940511/climate-mitigation-by-dairy-intensification-depends-on-intensive-use-of-spared-grassland
#16
David Styles, Alejandra Gonzalez-Mejia, Jon Moorby, Andreas Foskolos, James Gibbons
Milk and beef production cause 9% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Previous life cycle assessment (LCA) studies have shown that dairy intensification reduces the carbon footprint of milk by increasing animal productivity and feed conversion efficiency. None of these studies simultaneously evaluated indirect GHG effects incurred via teleconnections with expansion of feed crop production and replacement suckler-beef production. We applied consequential LCA to incorporate these effects into GHG mitigation calculations for intensification scenarios among grazing-based dairy farms in an industrialized country (UK), in which milk production shifts from average to intensive farm typologies, involving higher milk yields per cow and more maize and concentrate feed in cattle diets...
September 21, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940118/erratum-to-discovery-of-two-small-circular-ssdna-viruses-associated-with-the-whitefly-bemisia-tabaci
#17
Erich Y T Nakasu, Fernando L Melo, Miguel Michereff-Filho, Tatsuya Nagata, Bergmann M Ribeiro, Simone G Ribeiro, Cristiano Lacorte, Alice K Inoue-Nagata
The complete genome sequences of two novel small circular DNA viruses isolated from sweet-potato whiteflies collected in Central-West (AdDF) and Southeast (AdO) regions of Brazil were determined by Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), and confirmed by cloning and Sanger sequencing. The genomes are 2,199 and 2,211 nt-long, respectively, encoding a putative coat protein (CP) and a replication-associated protein (Rep) and showing a genomic organization typical of viruses from the family Genomoviridae. Phylogenetic analysis with deduced amino acid sequences of Rep indicates that the virus from AdO is closely related to other members of the genus Gemycircularvirus, while the virus from AdDF is related to those of the genus Gemyduguivirus...
September 22, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939977/full-genome-sequence-of-rocio-virus-reveal-substantial-variations-from-the-prototype-rocio-virus-sph-34675-sequence
#18
Yin Xiang Setoh, Alberto A Amarilla, Nias Y Peng, Andrii Slonchak, Parthiban Periasamy, Luiz T M Figueiredo, Victor H Aquino, Alexander A Khromykh
Rocio virus (ROCV) is an arbovirus belonging to the genus Flavivirus, family Flaviviridae. We present an updated sequence of ROCV strain SPH 34675 (GenBank: AY632542.4), the only available full genome sequence prior to this study. Using next-generation sequencing of the entire genome, we reveal substantial sequence variation from the prototype sequence, with 30 nucleotide differences amounting to 14 amino acid changes, as well as significant changes to predicted 3'UTR RNA structures. Our results present an updated and corrected sequence of a potential emerging human-virulent flavivirus uniquely indigenous to Brazil (GenBank: MF461639)...
September 22, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939534/a-new-genus-and-two-new-species-of-dactylogyrid-monogeneans-from-gills-of-neotropical-catfishes-siluriformes-doradidae-and-loricaridae
#19
Aline Angelina Acosta, Tomáš Scholz, Isabel Blasco-Costa, Philippe Vieira Alves, Reinaldo José da Silva
A new genus of dactylogyrid monogeneans (Ancyrocephalinae), Paracosmetocleithrum n. gen., is erected to accommodate P. trachydorasi n. sp. from Trachydoras paraguayensis (Siluriformes: Doradidae) in the Upper Paraná River basin, Brazil. The new genus differs from Neotropical dactylogyrids in the presence of a well-developed ornamentation in the middle portion of the ventral bar, and a sclerotized patch on the surface of the dorsal bar with an inconspicuous medial process that possesses two submedial projections arising from the tapered ends of this patch...
September 19, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939084/dimensional-changes-from-the-sintering-process-and-fit-of-y-tzp-copings-micro-ct-analysis
#20
Carlos Eduardo Edwards Rezende, Ana Flávia Sanches Borges, Rander Moreira Macedo, José Henrique Rubo, Jason Alan Griggs
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dimensional changes from the sintering process of Y-TZP and relate them to the fit of zirconia copings. METHODS: The sintering shrinkage rate (SSR) was obtained from the measurement of geometric specimens (4×4×2mm). Thirty-six zirconia copings made using CAD/CAM were equally divided into three groups (n=12): ZMAX - IPS e.max ZirCAD (Ivoclar Vivadent, Liechtenstein); ZYZ - InCeram YZ (Vita Zahnfabrik, Germany); and ZK - Zirklein (Zirklein, Brazil)...
September 19, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
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