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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926790/molecular-surveillance-of-dengue-in-minas-gerais-provides-insights-on-dengue-virus-1-and-4-circulation-in-brazil
#1
Karina Rocha Dutra, Betânia Paiva Drumond, Izabela Maurício de Rezende, Maurício Lacerda Nogueira, Débora de Oliveira Lopes, Carlos Eduardo Calzavara Silva, Jaqueline Maria Siqueira Ferreira, Luciana Lara Dos Santos
Dengue, caused by any of the four types of Dengue virus (DENV) is the most important arbovirus in the world. In this study we performed a molecular surveillance of dengue during the greatest dengue outbreak that took place in Divinópolis, Minas Gerais state, Southeast Brazil, in 2013. Samples from 100 patients with clinical symptoms of dengue were studied and 26 were positive. The capsid/premembrane (CprM) and envelope gene sequences of some samples were amplified and sequenced. Molecular analyses demonstrated that two DENV-1 lineages, belonging to genotype V were introduced and co-circulated in Divinópolis...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925697/prevalence-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-in-brazilian-patients-infected-with-human-t-cell-lymphotropic-virus
#2
Daniela Assis do Vale, Jorge Casseb, Augusto César Penalva de Oliveira, Ivo Bussoloti Filho, Suzana Cantanhede Orsini Machado de Sousa, Karem López Ortega
BACKGROUND: Human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) is known to be associated with neoplastic and neurodegenerative changes, and it is believed to be associated with various systemic inflammatory diseases, including Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Although HTLV-I infection is endemic in Brazil, there is no information regarding the association between HTLV-I infection and SS in the Brazilian population. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of SS in HTLV-I-infected individuals and the prevalence of HTLV-I-infection in individuals diagnosed with SS...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925606/increasing-awareness-and-acceptance-through-mindfulness-and-somatic-education-movements
#3
Paulo Vicente Bloise, Mário César Rezende Andrade, Hans Machado, Sérgio Baxter Andreoli
Context • The main feature of mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) is the encouragement of present moment awareness and of self-regulation, which are associated with health benefits. Meditating with the body in movement has been referred to as one of the most accessible ways of reaching such awareness. An MBI program, Mindfulness and Movements of Integration (MMI), has the same structure as mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) but puts more emphasis on the body and uses somatic education (SE) movements instead of yoga postures...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925426/the-impact-of-home-fortification-with-multiple-micronutrient-powder-on-vitamin-a-status-in-young-children-a-multicenter-pragmatic-controlled-trial-in-brazil
#4
Lara Livia Santos Silva, Rosângela Aparecida Augusto, Daniela Cardoso Tietzmann, Leopoldina Augusta Souza Sequeira, Maria Claret Costa Monteiro Hadler, Pascoal Torres Muniz, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira, Marly Augusto Cardoso
Home fortification with multiple micronutrient powder (MNP) is effective in the prevention of anemia in young children. However, the impact on their vitamin A status remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of MNP on vitamin A status in young Brazilian children. A multicenter pragmatic, controlled trial was carried out in primary health centers in four Brazilian cities. In the beginning of the study, the control group (CG) consisted of children 11-14 months old (n = 395) attending in routine pediatric health care...
December 7, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925134/-leptospirosis-space-time-distribution-and-risk-factors-in-bel%C3%A3-m-par%C3%A3-brazil
#5
Nelson Veiga Gonçalves, Ediane Nunes de Araujo, Alcinês da Silva Sousa, Waltair Maria Martins Pereira, Claudia do Socorro Carvalho Miranda, Pedro Silvestre da Silvia Campos, Mauro Wendel de Souza Matos, Vera Regina da Cunha Menezes Palácios
The occurrence of leptospirosis has defied epidemiology even when using different analysis technologies at local geographical levels. This cross-sectional and descriptive study sought to identify spatial correlations between social and environmental risk factors and leptospirosis in Belém in the State of Pará from 2007 to 2013. Epidemiological data were obtained from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases of the Pará State Department of Public Health and the environmental, demographic and cartographical data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925132/-modern-day-slavery-as-a-public-health-issue
#6
Luís Henrique da Costa Leão
Modern-day slave labor is one of the most pernicious and persistent social problems in Brazil. In the light of the need to implement a national occupational health policy, this paper discusses slave labor as a public health concern, highlighting possibilities for broadening strategies for vigilance and comprehensive care for this specific working population. Exploratory qualitative research was carried out based on the "social construction of reality" proposed by Lenoir, Berger and Luckmann. The investigation consisted of a theoretical review of modern-day slave labor on the national and international scene within the scope of the human, social and public health sciences and an analysis of social and political practices to tackle modern-day slave labor was conducted in the State of Rio de Janeiro...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925130/-completeness-of-notifications-of-violence-perpetrated-against-adolescents-in-the-state-of-pernambuco-brazil
#7
Taciana Mirella Batista Dos Santos, Mirian Domingos Cardoso, Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui, Yasmim Gabriella Cardoso Santos, Saul Martins Paiva, João Paulo Ramos Melo, Lygia Maria Pereira Silva
The scope of this study was to analyze the trend of completeness of the data on violence perpetrated against adolescents registered in the State of Pernambuco between 2009 and 2012. This involved a cross-sectional survey of 5,259 adolescents, who were the victims of violence reported in SINAN-VIVA of the Pernambuco State Health Department. Simple linear regression was used to investigate the trend of completeness of the variables. The percentages of completeness were considered to be dependent variables (Y) and the number of years as independent variables (X)...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925129/-public-sector-participation-in-the-supply-of-dyslipidemia-medication-in-a-population-based-study
#8
Airton José Petris, Regina Kazue Tanno de Souza, Maira Sayuri Sakay Bortoletto
The use of medications for the treatment of dyslipidemia is relevant in the control of cardiovascular disease. This article aims to analyze the prevalence, the use and the participation of the public sector in the supply of medication for adults aged 40 years and above using pharmacotherapy for dyslipidemia control living in a city in the southern region of Brazil. A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted. Household interviews were staged with 1180 individuals aged over 40 living in Cambé, State of Paraná, of which 967 took laboratory examinations...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925128/-incidence-and-mortality-of-children-and-teenagers-with-aids-challenges-in-the-southern-region-of-brazil
#9
Márcio Cristiano de Melo, Rosemeire de Olanda Ferraz, Juliana Luporini do Nascimento, Maria Rita Donalisio
The objective of this study is to describe the time trend of coefficients of incidence and mortality associated with AIDS in children and adolescents. An ecological time trend study was conducted among individuals under 14 living in the regional context of high incidence of AIDS - Porto Alegre and the State of Rio Grande do Sul - from 1996 to 2012. For this purpose, a segmented regression model was adjusted for age categories and place of residence. AIDS morbidity and mortality indicators in Porto Alegre are still higher than those registered in the State, the southern region and other areas of the country...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925126/factors-related-to-the-dental-caries-incidence-in-youth-a-cohort-study-in-brazilian-northeastern
#10
Ana Karine Macedo Teixeira, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, Luiz Roberto Augusto Noro
The conceptual model of the life course considers that health-disease is a dynamic process that is also affected by previous and current lifelong experiences. The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of caries and its determinants in young people in Sobral-Ceará, Brazil. This was a cohort study of oral health started in 2000, with waves in 2006 and 2012. 482 young people aged 17-21 years were examined and interviewed. The incidence of caries between 2006 and 2012 was the outcome analyzed and the independent variables were socioeconomic conditions and use of oral health actions and services...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925122/-abortion-and-stigma-an-analysis-of-the-scientific-literature-on-the-theme
#11
Leila Adesse, Claudia Bonan Jannotti, Katia Silveira da Silva, Vania Matos Fonseca
This article analyzes the scientific output on abortion and social stigma and the potential of the stigma category for abortion care in Brazil. An integrative review of publications on scientific databases without a time limit was conducted. Sixty-five publications with the social representations of women who had an abortion and the professionals who attended them were analyzed. The obstacles to the implementation of abortion laws and the protocols and norms that facilitate access to quality services care was explored...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925121/review-of-deaths-correction-methods-and-quality-dimensions-of-the-underlying-cause-for-accidents-and-violence-in-brazil
#12
Adauto Martins Soares, Juan José Cortez-Escalante, Elisabeth França
This review article aims to perform analysis and critical discussion about the literature on methods correcting mortality from accidents and violence reported to the Brazilian Mortality Information System. We consulted Medline and SciELO databases, as well as the Global Burden of Disease site, using time filter for the 1996-2015 interval. Of the 77 studies identified, we selected 29, and 14 met the corrections production criteria for cases of underreporting: underreporting of deaths in the Mortality Information System, deaths declared as ill-defined causes or deaths from external causes declared with nonspecific codes...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925118/alcohol-abuse-and-involvement-in-traffic-accidents-in-the-brazilian-population-2013
#13
Giseli Nogueira Damacena, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza, Wanessa da Silva de Almeida, Lucas Sisinno Ribeiro, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald
Abstract This article aims to analyze alcohol abuse and frequent consumption according to sociodemographic characteristics and investigate the risk of greater involvement in traffic accidents, using data from the National Health Survey (PNS), 2013, Brazil. Events investigated were alcohol abuse and frequent consumption and if the individual was involved in a traffic accident and sustained an injury in the last 12 months. We investigated both events according to sociodemographic characteristics and assessed the association among them through multivariate logistic regression...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925116/truck-drivers-traffic-accidents-in-the-state-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-prevalence-and-predictors
#14
Lucio Garcia de Oliveira, Carlos Vinícius Dias de Almeida, Lucia Pereira Barroso, Marcela Julio Cesar Gouvea, Daniel Romero Muñoz, Vilma Leyton
Abstract The mortality rate of traffic accidents (TA) is high in Brazil. Trucks are the second category of motor vehicles most often involved in TA. However, few studies have addressed the issue of TA among these professionals. The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of TA and their predictors in a sample of 684 truck drivers recruited in the state of São Paulo during 2012 and 2013. We requested participants to answer a research instrument on their personal and occupational data and their involvement in TA and traffic violations...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925114/the-occurrence-of-external-causes-in-childhood-in-emergency-care-epidemiological-aspects-brazil-2014
#15
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Mércia Gomes Oliveira de Carvalho, Laura Augusta Barufaldi, Jovina Quintes Avanci, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal
Objective: To describe emergency care for external causes in childhood, age group 0-9 years, in Brazilian capitals, collected from the Violence and Accident Surveillance System (VIVA) Survey in 2014. Methods: To review data from the VIVA survey conducted in public emergency services in 24 Brazilian capitals. Variables analyzed were gender, age group (0-1 years, 2-5 years and 6-9 years), race/skin color, type of events and injuries, aggressors and other. Results: Eight thousand five hundred eighty-eight children received care, of which 8,164 (95%) were victims of accidents and 424 (5%) of violence...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925111/use-of-motorcycle-in-brazil-users-profile-prevalence-of-use-and-traffic-accidents-occurrence-a-population-based-study
#16
Lenise Menezes Seerig, Giancarlo Bacchieri, Gustavo Giacomelli Nascimento, Aluisio J D Barros, Flávio Fernando Demarco
This study aimed to describe the profile of motorcycle users and determine the prevalence of use. Also, to evaluate the reason for using a motorcycle, users' perceived risk of traffic accident, pattern of helmet wearing and number of accidents related to motorcycle use in the last 12 months. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil. Sampling process was carried out in two stages, with the primary unit being the census track and the secondary the house. The study included 3,004 individuals aged 10 to 59 years, which answered a structured questionnaire...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925109/analysis-of-factors-associated-with-traffic-accidents-of-cyclists-attended-in-brazilian-state-capitals
#17
Carlos Augusto Moreira de Sousa, Camila Alves Bahia, Patrícia Constantino
Introduction: Brazil has the sixth largest bicycles fleet in the world and bicycle is the most used individual transport vehicle in the country. Few studies address the issue of cyclists' accidents and factors that contribute to or prevent this event. Methodology: VIVA is a cross-sectional survey and is part of the Violence and Accidents Surveillance System, Brazilian Ministry of Health. We used complex sampling and subsequent data review through multivariate logistic regression and calculation of the respective odds ratios...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925107/characteristics-of-motorcyclists-involved-in-road-traffic-accidents-attended-at-public-urgent-and-emergency-services
#18
Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Rayone Moreira Costa Veloso Souto, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Cheila Marina de Lima, Marli de Mesquita Silva Montenegro
Injuries resulting from motorcycle road traffic accidents are an important public health issue in Brazil. This study aimed to describe the characteristics of motorcyclists involved in traffic accidents attended in public urgent and emergency services in the state capitals and the Federal District. This is a cross-sectional study based on data from the Violence and Accident Surveillance System (VIVA Survey) in 2014. Data were analyzed according to sociodemographic, event and attendance characteristics. Proportional differences between genders were analyzed by chi-square test (Rao-Scott) with 5% significance level...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925102/case-studies-and-role-play-learning-strategies-in-nursing
#19
Ana Luísa Petersen Cogo, Daiane Dal Pai, Graziella Badin Aliti, Heloísa Karnas Hoefel, Karina de Oliveira Azzolin, Lurdes Busin, Margarita Ana Rubin Unicovsky, Maria Henriqueta Luce Kruse
Objective: to report professors' experience in a public university of Southern region of Brazil using case studies and role play as learning strategies for nursing care of hospitalized adults. Method: learning experience report from the Nursing Care of Adults I class of nursing undergraduate course. Results: the development of case studies and role play considered health care needs from epidemiological profile of chronic noncommunicable diseases morbidity and mortality, nursing as an assisting method, and social aspects of hospitalized individuals...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925096/socio-environmental-approach-in-nursing-focusing-on-rural-labor-and-the-use-of-pesticides
#20
Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz, Clarice Alves Bonow, Marlise Capa Verde Almeida de Mello, Mara Regina Santos da Silva
Objective: to apply a socio-environmental approach to the relationship between human health and rural labor through a link verification/association between health disorders and the use of pesticides. Method: this is a quantitative, cross-sectional, observational and exploratory study with 331 inhabitants of two cities in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data analysis was conducted by Poisson regression. Results: reported health disorders included: mental (62...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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