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Mauro Fisberg, Irina Kovalskys, Georgina Gómez, Attilio Rigotti, Lilia Yadira Cortés Sanabria, Martha Cecilia Yépez García, Rossina Gabriella Pareja Torres, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Ioná Zalcman Zimberg, Berthold Koletzko, Michael Pratt, Luis A Moreno Aznar, Viviana Guajardo, Regina Mara Fisberg, Cristiane Hermes Sales, Ágatha Nogueira Previdelli
Non-communicable diseases are growing at an alarming rate in Latin America. We assessed total and added sugar intake in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, to verify the adequacy of the World Health Organization's recommendations, considering gender, socioeconomic level (SEL) and age. A total of 9218 non-institutionalized individuals living in urban areas (age range 15-65 years) were assessed in the Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health (ELANS), a multicenter household population-based cross-sectional survey...
March 22, 2018: Nutrients
Kátia R Groch, Josué Díaz-Delgado, Carlos Sacristán, Denyiélim E Oliveira, Gabriela Souza, Angélica M Sánchez-Sarmiento, Samira Costa-Silva, Juliana Marigo, Pedro V Castilho, Marta J Cremer, Aline Rodrigues Hoffmann, Fernando Esperón, José L Catão-Dias
We report the gross and microscopic findings and molecular identification of 2 cases of hyphate fungal infection in cetaceans from Brazil. The first case involved an adult male Atlantic spotted dolphin Stenella frontalis with localized pulmonary disease characterized by pyogranulomatous and necrotizing bronchopneumonia with intralesional hyphae. The second case involved an adult male Bryde's whale Balaenoptera edeni with orchitis, periorchitis, mesenteric lymphadenitis and pyogranulomatous bronchopneumonia with intralesional hyphae...
March 22, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Juliana Naldoni, Antônio A M Maia, Lincoln L Correa, Marcia R M da Silva, Edson A Adriano
Myxozoans are a diverse group of parasitic cnidarians, with some species recognized as serious pathogens to their hosts. The present study describes 2 new myxobolid species (Myxobolus figueirae sp. nov. and Henneguya santarenensis sp. nov.) infecting skin and gill filaments of the Amazonian pimelodid fish Phractocephalus hemioliopterus, based on ultrastructural, histology and phylogenetic analysis. The fish were caught in the Amazon River, Pará, Brazil. The plasmodial development of M. figueirae sp. nov. was in the dermis and those of H...
March 22, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Danielle Cristina Guimarães da Silva, Kelly Aparecida da Cunha, Wellington Segheto, Vanessa Guimarães Reis, France Araújo Coelho, Sílvia Helena O Morais, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Giana Zarbato Longo
INTRODUCTION: The identification of risk or protective behavioral patterns associated with abdominal adiposity may aid in prevention and health promotion measures. OBJECTIVE: To identify and to associate behavioral patterns of risk and protection to abdominal adiposity in adults in a Brazilian city. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Viçosa, Brazil, with 1,226 adults of both sexes. Information on social-demographic characteristics, food intake, level of physical activity, alcohol consumption and smoking were collected by using a questionnaire...
February 13, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Bruno Santos Assis, Jairza Maria Barreto-Medeiros Jairza, Jamile Almeida Lopes, Ana Karla Carneiro Roriz, Adriana Lima Melo, Agatha Previdell, Rita De Cássia Aquino, Lilian Barbosa Ramos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ingestion of micronutrients in elderly living in nursing homes. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, conducted with 216 individuals of both sexes, age equal or greater than 60 years, living in nursing homes for elderly in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Direct weighing of the food was used to get food intake, and prevalence of inadequacy was obtained using the software Multiple Source Method (MSM) and evaluated by estimated average requirement (EAR)...
February 13, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Bianca Abreu Dos Santos de Oliveira, Elenir Rose Jardim Cury Pontes, Teresa Cristina Abranches Rosa
INTRODUCTION: Patients in intensive care status are in nutritional threat and frequently present innutrition, therefore monitoring the nutritional offer becomes indispensable. AIM: To purpose a control and monitoring form of enteral nutritional therapy and to evaluate its resoluteness. METHODS: Observational, analytical and retrospective study performed in intensive care patients receiving an enteral diet exclusively and/or associated with the oral/parenteral route, from January to April 2015 and from January to April 2016...
January 10, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Ingridi Souza Sene, Vladimir Costa Silva, Gisele Elias Nunes Pauli, Ivan Helmuth Bechtold, Livio Cesar Cunha Nunes, Carla Eiras, Carlos Henrique Nery Costa
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine that plays a crucial role not only in the immune system, but also in numerous biological processes. Elevated IL-6 levels have been observed in many types of cancer and inflammatory diseases. Among the techniques that have been used to quantify IL-6, a Lateral Flow Assay (LFA) is one of the most promising. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to perform a technological and scientific exploration of the development of a LFA for IL-6...
March 20, 2018: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
Judi Mesman
This introduction to the special issue on video observations of sensitive caregiving in different cultural communities provides a general theoretical and methodological framework for the seven empirical studies that are at the heart of this special issue. It highlights the cross-cultural potential of the sensitivity construct, the importance of research on sensitivity "off the beaten track," the advantages and potential challenges of the use of video in diverse cultural contexts, and the benefits of forming research teams that include local scholars...
March 22, 2018: Attachment & Human Development
Mariana Volpe Arnoni, Claudete Rodrigues Paula, Marcos Ereno Auler, Cirilo Cesar Naozuka Simões, Shirley Nakano, Maria Walderez Szeszs, Márcia de Souza Carvalho Melhem, Virgínia Bodelão Richini Pereira, Hans Garcia Garces, Eduardo Bagagli, Eriques Gonçalves Silva, Melissa Ferreira de Macêdo, Luciana da Silva Ruiz
Fusarium species have emerged as responsible for a broad spectrum of infections, including superficial, locally invasive and disseminated ones, especially in the hospital environment. Since there are few reports of invasive and disseminated fusariosis in children, the aim of this study was to report four cases of nosocomial infection caused by this microorganism in children with cancer hospitalized in a public children's hospital located in Brazil. Two of these patients were female and two were male. All patients presented febrile neutropenia, while three patients had acute lymphocytic leukemia and one patient had Wilms' tumor as underlying disease...
March 21, 2018: Mycopathologia
Letícia Pereira Úngari, André Luiz Quagliatto Santos, Lucia Helena O'Dwyer, Maria Regina Lucas da Silva, Natália Nasser de Melo Fava, Guilherme Carrara Moreira Paiva, Rogério de Melo Costa Pinto, Márcia Cristina Cury
Based on morphological, morphometric, and molecular data, we describe a new hemoparasite of the genus Haemogregarina Danilewsky 1885, isolated from the Brazilian aquatic turtle Podocnemis unifilis (Testudines: Podocnemididae). The new species, Haemogregarina podocnemis sp. nov. (Apicomplexa: Haemogregarinidae), is characterized by small trophozoites with a single cytoplasmic vacuole on one side; pre-meronts with nuclear chromatin dispersed in the cytoplasm, with or without cytoplasmic vacuoles; meronts that are usually broad and slightly curved (kidney-shaped), with an average of eight small rectangular nuclei; immature gamonts (bean-shaped) with two morphological types: one with nuclear chromatin dispersed in the cytoplasm and the other with nuclei in the middle of the cell; mature gamonts of two morphological types: one with a length equal to or greater than that of the erythrocyte and the width of the nuclei similar to that of the hemoparasite and the other smaller than the erythrocyte with the width of the nuclei less than that of the hemoparasite...
March 22, 2018: Parasitology Research
Christopher J Fonnesbeck, Katriona Shea, Spencer Carran, Jose Cassio de Moraes, Christopher Gregory, James L Goodson, Matthew J Ferrari
Resurgent outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases that have previously been controlled or eliminated have been observed in many settings. Reactive vaccination campaigns may successfully control outbreaks but must necessarily be implemented in the face of considerable uncertainty. Real-time surveillance may provide critical information about at-risk population and optimal vaccination targets, but may itself be limited by the specificity of disease confirmation. We propose an integrated modelling approach that synthesizes historical demographic and vaccination data with real-time outbreak surveillance via a dynamic transmission model and an age-specific disease confirmation model...
March 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Transgender community is marginalized and under-researched. Analysis of peer-reviewed literature in transgender health is needed to better understand health needs and human rights of transgender people. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze global research activity in transgender health published in peer-reviewed journals. METHODS: Peer-reviewed documents in transgender health were retrieved using Scopus database. VOSviewer was used to map frequently encountered author keywords while ArcGIS 10...
March 21, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
Paulo Afonso Medeiros Kanda, Aline de Almeida Xavier Aguiar, Jose Lucivan Miranda, Alexandre Loverde Falcao, Claudia Suenia Andrade, Luigi Neves Dos Santos Reis, Ellen White R Bacelar Almeida, Yanes Brum Bello, Arthur Monfredinho, Rafael Guimaraes Kanda
Microcephaly (MC), previously considered rare, is now a health emergency of international concern because of the devastating Zika virus pandemic outbreak of 2015. The authors describe the electroencephalogram (EEG) findings in sleep EEG of epileptic children who were born with microcephaly in areas of Brazil with active Zika virus transmission between 2014 and 2017. The authors reviewed EEGs from 23 children. Nine were females (39.2%), and the age distribution varied from 4 to 48 months. MC was associated with mother positive serology to toxoplasmosis (toxo), rubella (rub), herpes, and dengue (1 case); toxo (1 case); chikungunya virus (CHIKV) (1 case); syphilis (1 case); and Zika virus (ZIKV) (10 cases)...
2018: Neurodiagnostic Journal
Gustavo Furquim, Geraldo P R Filho, Roozbeh Jalali, Gustavo Pessin, Richard W Pazzi, Jó Ueyama
The rise in the number and intensity of natural disasters is a serious problem that affects the whole world. The consequences of these disasters are significantly worse when they occur in urban districts because of the casualties and extent of the damage to goods and property that is caused. Until now feasible methods of dealing with this have included the use of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) for data collection and machine-learning (ML) techniques for forecasting natural disasters. However, there have recently been some promising new innovations in technology which have supplemented the task of monitoring the environment and carrying out the forecasting...
March 19, 2018: Sensors
Bruno Leite Rodrigues, Luís Fernando Carvalho-Costa, Israel de Souza Pinto, José Manuel Macário Rebêlo
Sand fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) taxonomy is complex and time-consuming, which hampers epidemiological efforts directed toward controlling leishmaniasis in endemic regions such as northeastern Brazil. Here, we used a fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) gene to identify sand fly species in Maranhão State (northeastern Brazil) and to assess cryptic diversity occurring at different spatial scales. For this, we obtained 148 COI sequences of 15 sand fly species (10 genera) from Maranhão (fine spatial scale), and joined them to COI sequences from other Brazilian localities (distant about 2,000 km from Maranhão, broad spatial scale) available in GenBank...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
Dândara Nayara Azevêdo Dantas, Bertha Cruz Enders, Déborah Raquel Carvalho de Oliveira, Caroline Evelin Nascimento Kluczynic Vieira, Ana Angélica Rêgo de Queiroz, Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio
OBJECTIVE: To identify social, clinical and behavioral factors of tuberculosis patients that are associated with delay in the search for primary health care. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional, quantitative study conducted with 56 people on treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis in the city of Natal, in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. The data were collected through a structured instrument. The Chi-square and Fisher tests were applied to test the association between independent and dependent variables (search time)...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Ana Cristina Viana Campos, Lucia Hisako Takase Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: To investigate socioeconomic and demographic differences regarding population aging in municipalities of the state of Pará, Brazil. METHOD: Ecological study with secondary demographic, socioeconomic and health data from the 144 municipalities of the state of Pará, Brazil. Data were treated with segmentation analysis, the Mann-Whitney U test and logistic regression models, with a significance level of p ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: Segmentation analysis provided a single variable to describe aging in the municipalities of Pará and originated two clusters, the high and low aging rate ones, with 104 (72...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Suelayne Gonçalves do Nascimento, Cleonice Patrícia Andrade Lima de Carvalho, Ricarlly Soares da Silva, Conceição Maria de Oliveira, Cristine Vieira do Bonfim
OBJECTIVE: To describe occurrences of mortality due to cervical cancer in Recife (PE), in northeastern Brazil. METHOD: This was a time-series ecological study using data from the Mortality Information System (SIM) regarding the total number of deaths due to cervical cancer (C53 ICD10) that occurred between 2000 and 2012. RESULTS: It was observed that the risk of death due to this form of cancer was higher among women over 60 years of age, those of mixed skin color (53...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Claúdia Mendes da Silva, Regina de Souza Alves, Tâmyssa Simões Dos Santos, Gabriela Rodrigues Bragagnollo, Clodis Maria Tavares, Amuzza Aylla Pereira Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To learn the epidemiological characteristics of HIV infection in pregnant women. METHOD: Descriptive study with quantitative approach. The study population was composed of pregnant women with HIV/AIDS residing in the state of Alagoas. Data were organized into variables and analyzed according to the measures of dispersion parameter relevant to the arithmetic mean and standard deviation (X ± S). RESULTS: Between 2007 and 2015, 773 cases of HIV/AIDS were recorded in pregnant women in Alagoas...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
João Paulo Belini Jacques, Renata Perfeito Ribeiro, Alessandro Rolim Scholze, Maria José Quina Galdino, Júlia Trevisan Martins, Benedita Gonçalves de Assis Ribeiro
OBJECTIVE: To compare occupational stress levels of nurse staff working in the surgical unit before and after the intervention "wellness room". METHOD: Quasi-experimental study with a sample of 60 nurse staff working in a surgical unit of a teaching hospital in the Southern Region of Brazil. The intervention was conducted in a room in the workplace for six months and consisted of sections of aesthetic care, relaxation, lectures and workshops to reduce occupational stress...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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