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Clinical anatomy curriculum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913755/applications-of-three-dimensional-printing-in-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Chi Li, Tsz Fung Cheung, Vei Chen Fan, Kin Man Sin, Chrisity Wai Yan Wong, Gilberto Ka Kit Leung
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a rapidly advancing technology in the field of surgery. This article reviews its contemporary applications in 3 aspects of surgery, namely, surgical planning, implants and prostheses, and education and training. Three-dimensional printing technology can contribute to surgical planning by depicting precise personalized anatomy and thus a potential improvement in surgical outcome. For implants and prosthesis, the technology might overcome the limitations of conventional methods such as visual discrepancy from the recipient's body and unmatching anatomy...
December 2, 2016: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893968/interprofessional-approach-for-teaching-functional-knee-joint-anatomy
#2
Jakob J Meyer, Markus M Obmann, Marianne Gießler, Dominik Schuldis, Ann-Kathrin Brückner, Peter C Strohm, Florian Sandeck, Björn Spittau
Profound knowledge in functional and clinical anatomy is a prerequisite for efficient diagnosis in medical practice. However, anatomy teaching does not always consider functional and clinical aspects. Here we introduce a new interprofessional approach to effectively teach the anatomy of the knee joint. The presented teaching approach involves anatomists, orthopaedists and physical therapists to teach anatomy of the knee joint in small groups under functional and clinical aspects. The knee joint courses were implemented during early stages of the medical curriculum and medical students were grouped with students of physical therapy to sensitize students to the importance of interprofessional work...
November 25, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887620/anatomy-meets-dentistry-linking-anatomy-and-clinical-practice-in-the-preclinical-dental-curriculum
#3
Nicole Rafai, Martin Lemos, Lieven Nils Kennes, Ayichah Hawari, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép, Irmgard Classen-Linke
BACKGROUND: Establishing a strong link early on between preclinical coursework and the clinical context is necessary for students to be able to recognize the practical relevance of the curriculum during their preclinical anatomical courses and to transfer knowledge more easily. Our objective was to enhance the clinical relevance of a preclinical anatomy course for second-year medical students of dentistry by implementing an interdisciplinary skills training course on "Palpation of the Head and Neck Muscles" and to measure the learning outcomes...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833681/pilot-point-of-care-ultrasound-curriculum-at-harvard-medical-school-early-experience
#4
Joshua S Rempell, Fidencio Saldana, Donald DiSalvo, Navin Kumar, Michael B Stone, Wilma Chan, Jennifer Luz, Vicki E Noble, Andrew Liteplo, Heidi Kimberly, Minna J Kohler
INTRODUCTION: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is expanding across all medical specialties. As the benefits of US technology are becoming apparent, efforts to integrate US into pre-clinical medical education are growing. Our objective was to describe our process of integrating POCUS as an educational tool into the medical school curriculum and how such efforts are perceived by students. METHODS: This was a pilot study to introduce ultrasonography into the Harvard Medical School curriculum to first- and second-year medical students...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785729/relevance-of-anatomy-to-medical-education-and-clinical-practice-perspectives-of-medical-students-clinicians-and-educators
#5
Amgad Sbayeh, Mohammad A Qaedi Choo, Kathleen A Quane, Paul Finucane, Deirdre McGrath, Siun O'Flynn, Siobhain M O'Mahony, Colm M P O'Tuathaigh
INTRODUCTION: Against a backdrop of ever-changing diagnostic and treatment modalities, stakeholder perceptions (medical students, clinicians, anatomy educators) are crucial for the design of an anatomy curriculum which fulfils the criteria required for safe medical practice. This study compared perceptions of students, practising clinicians, and anatomy educators with respect to the relevance of anatomy education to medicine. METHODS: A quantitative survey was administered to undergraduate entry (n = 352) and graduate entry students (n = 219) at two Irish medical schools, recently graduated Irish clinicians (n = 146), and anatomy educators based in Irish and British medical schools (n = 30)...
December 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771339/the-value-of-clinical-practice-in-cadaveric-dissection-lessons-learned-from-a-course-in-eye-and-orbital-anatomy
#6
Christopher Schulz
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that there is greater benefit in a dissection-based anatomy course among those participants with clinical experience in the relevant field, and those without. DESIGN: A retrospective comparative study. SETTING: Brighton and Sussex Medical School Anatomy Department: an educational facility that provides undergraduate and postgraduate anatomy teaching using cadaveric specimens. PARTICIPANTS: All attendees (n = 40) to a postgraduate course in eye and orbital anatomy completed course evaluation forms...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706913/longitudinal-retention-of-anatomical-knowledge-in-second-year-medical-students
#7
Denise E Doomernik, Harry van Goor, Jan G M Kooloos, Richard P Ten Broek
The Radboud University Medical Center has a problem-based, learner-oriented, horizontally, and vertically integrated medical curriculum. Anatomists and clinicians have noticed students' decreasing anatomical knowledge and the disability to apply knowledge in diagnostic reasoning and problem solving. In a longitudinal cohort, the retention of anatomical knowledge gained during the first year of medical school among second-year medical students was assessed. In May 2011, 346 medical students applied for the second-year gastro-intestinal (GI) tract course...
October 5, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680320/design-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-simulation-based-clinical-correlation-curriculum-as-an-adjunctive-pedagogy-in-an-anatomy-course
#8
Carmen M Coombs, Ryan Y Shields, Elizabeth A Hunt, Ying Wei Lum, Patrick R Sosnay, Julianne S Perretta, Rhett H Lieberman, Nicole A Shilkofski
PROBLEM: Because reported use of simulation in preclinical basic science courses is limited, the authors describe the design, implementation, and preliminary evaluation of a simulation-based clinical correlation curriculum in an anatomy course for first-year medical students at Perdana University Graduate School of Medicine (in collaboration with Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine). APPROACH: The simulation curriculum, with five weekly modules, was a component of a noncadaveric human anatomy course for three classes (n = 81 students) from September 2011 to November 2013...
September 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585370/anatomical-sciences-a-foundation-for-a-solid-learning-experience-in-dental-technology-and-dental-prosthetics
#9
Mahmoud M Bakr, C Mark Thompson, Magdalena Massadiq
Basic science courses are extremely important as a foundation for scaffolding knowledge and then applying it in future courses, clinical situations as well as in a professional career. Anatomical sciences, which include tooth morphology, oral histology, oral embryology, and head and neck anatomy form a core part of the preclinical courses in dental technology programs. In this article, the importance and relevance of anatomical sciences to dental personnel with no direct contact with patients (dental technicians) and limited discipline related contact with patients (dental prosthetists) is highlighted...
September 1, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577015/anatomy-radiology-and-practical-procedure-education-for-foundation-doctors-in-england-a-national-observational-study
#10
Thomas L Lewis, Markus L Sagmeister, George W Miller, Matthew A Boissaud-Cooke, Peter H Abrahams
INTRODUCTION: There are concerns regarding the anatomy knowledge amongst medical school graduates and foundation doctors. Clinical procedures performed without relevant anatomical knowledge could result in serious harm to patients. The aim of this quantitative study was to assess education provision in the domains of anatomy, radiology and practical procedures for foundation year doctors during their first two years of training (FY1, FY2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A national survey of acute hospital trusts in England was conducted...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574911/cadaveric-dissection-as-an-educational-tool-for-anatomical-sciences-in-the-21st-century
#11
Sanjib Kumar Ghosh
Anatomical education has been undergoing reforms in line with the demands of medical profession. The aim of the present study is to assess the impact of a traditional method like cadaveric dissection in teaching/learning anatomy at present times when medical schools are inclining towards student-centered, integrated, clinical application models. The article undertakes a review of literature and analyzes the observations made therein reflecting on the relevance of cadaveric dissection in anatomical education of 21st century...
August 30, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549656/self-directed-learning-modules-of-ct-scan-images-to-improve-students-perception-of-gross-anatomy
#12
Pananghat Achutha Kumar, Ramakrishnan Jothi, Dharmalingam Mathivanan
BACKGROUND: A contemporary anatomy curriculum that aims to be clinically relevant requires medical students to be introduced to radiological anatomy in the preclinical years. Ideally, the curriculum should also support self-directed learning, a habit best instilled early. Based on these educational requirements, we designed an interesting and clinically-meaningful program of self-learning modules in radiological anatomy to augment students' learning of gross anatomy. The program is guided by current theories of learning, which emphasize an individualized learning pace for students...
May 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487540/-reliability-and-validity-of-assessment-of-educational-outcomes-obtained-by-students-of-medical-rescue-at-medical-university-of-warsaw
#13
Mariusz Panczyk, Grzegorz Stachacz, Robert Gałązkowski, Joanna Gotlib
INTRODUCTION: In the interest of preservation of high degree of objectivity of information about students' educational outcomes, a system of assessment needs to meet criteria of appropriate reliability and validity. THE AIM: Analysis of reliability and validity of the system of assessment of students' educational outcomes for courses followed by an examination and covered by a curriculum in Medical Rescue at Medical University of Warsaw (MU W). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study enrolling a group of 421 students of eight subsequent full education cycles...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466256/acquisition-and-long-term-retention-of-bedside-ultrasound-skills-in-first-year-medical-students
#14
Peter Steinmetz, Sharon Oleskevich, John Lewis
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess bedside ultrasound skill acquisition and retention in medical students after completion of the first year of a new undergraduate bedside ultrasound curriculum at McGill University. METHODS: Skill acquisition was assessed in first-year medical students (n = 195) on completion of their bedside ultrasound instruction. Instruction included 6 clinically based 60-minute practical teaching sessions evenly spaced throughout the academic year...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433415/expert-facilitated-development-of-an-objective-assessment-tool-for-point-of-care-ultrasound-performance-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#15
Holly Black, Gillian Sheppard, Brian Metcalfe, Jordan Stone-McLean, Heather McCarthy, Adam Dubrowski
BACKGROUND: With the various applications of point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) steadily increasing, many medical schools across North America are incorporating PoCUS training into their undergraduate curricula. The Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University also intends to introduce PoCUS training into its own undergraduate medical program. The proposed approach is to introduce a PoCUS curriculum focusing on anatomy and physiology while developing cognitive and psychomotor skills that are later transferred into clinical applications...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350650/the-role-for-peer-assisted-ultrasound-teaching-in-medical-school
#16
Jonathan Dickerson, Katie Paul, Pierre Vila, Rebecca Whiticar
BACKGROUND: Bedside ultrasonography has an increasing role in medicine yet medical students have limited exposure. Although countless hours are devoted to plain radiograph and electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation, ultrasound is frequently glossed over. Yet this imaging modality could enhance students' understanding of anatomy, physiology and pathology, and may increase their integration into hospital teams. We aimed to investigate whether a peer-assisted ultrasound course has a place within the undergraduate medical curriculum...
June 27, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339302/an-assessment-of-the-anatomical-knowledge-of-laypersons-and-their-attitudes-towards-the-clinical-importance-of-gross-anatomy-in-medicine
#17
Bernard John Moxham, Helen Hennon, Baptiste Lignier, Odile Plaisant
If it is accepted that increasingly we live within a consumerist society then axiomatically 'ownership' of medical training does not belong to political authorities (whether governmental or medical), nor to the medical profession, nor indeed to the teachers, educationalists and even the students but to the laypersons in society who are patients or potential patients (viz. the clients/recipients of medical care). As yet, however, there has been no attempt to evaluate how much anatomy laypersons know and what their attitudes are towards the importance of anatomy in medicine...
June 20, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314837/how-the-integration-of-pathology-in-the-gross-anatomy-laboratory-affects-medical-students
#18
Guenevere Rae, John R Cork, Aryn C Karpinski, Robin McGoey, William Swartz
PROBLEM: The main objective of this project was to integrate pathologists into the gross anatomy laboratory setting to increase the exposure that early medical students receive to pathologists as clinicians. INTERVENTION: Pathologists visited the gross anatomy laboratory 3 times throughout the 15-week course to assist medical students in determining the cause of death of the cadaver being dissected. CONTEXT: This intervention was implemented with 1st-semester medical students for 2 consecutive years (a total of 100 dissection teams consisting of 4 students in each team)...
June 17, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27286419/ultrasound-imaging-in-medical-student-education-impact-on-learning-anatomy-and-physical-diagnosis
#19
Sokpoleak So, Rita M Patel, Steven L Orebaugh
Ultrasound use has expanded dramatically among the medical specialties for diagnostic and interventional purposes, due to its affordability, portability, and practicality. This imaging modality, which permits real-time visualization of anatomic structures and relationships in vivo, holds potential for pre-clinical instruction of students in anatomy and physical diagnosis, as well as providing a bridge to the eventual use of bedside ultrasound by clinicians to assess patients and guide invasive procedures. In many studies, but not all, improved understanding of anatomy has been demonstrated, and in others, improved accuracy in selected aspects of physical diagnosis is evident...
June 10, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259397/improving-medical-students-application-of-knowledge-and-clinical-decision-making-through-a-porcine-based-integrated-cardiac-basic-science-program
#20
Martyn Charles Stott, Michael Richard Gooseman, Norman Paul Briffa
OBJECTIVE: Despite the concerted effort of modern undergraduate curriculum designers, the ability to integrate basic sciences in clinical rotations is an ongoing problem in medical education. Students and newly qualified doctors themselves report worry about the effect this has on their clinical performance. There are examples in the literature to support development of attempts at integrating such aspects, but this "vertical integration" has proven to be difficult. We designed an expert-led integrated program using dissection of porcine hearts to improve the use of cardiac basic sciences in clinical medical students' decision-making processes...
July 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
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