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Anatomy curriculum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534720/spatial-and-visual-reasoning-do-these-abilities-improve-in-first-year-veterinary-medical-students-exposed-to-an-integrated-curriculum
#1
J Claudio Gutierrez, Munashe Chigerwe, Jan E Ilkiw, Patricia Youngblood, Steven D Holladay, Sakti Srivastava
Spatial visualization ability refers to the human cognitive ability to form, retrieve, and manipulate mental models of spatial nature. Visual reasoning ability has been linked to spatial ability. There is currently limited information about how entry-level spatial and visual reasoning abilities may predict veterinary anatomy performance or may be enhanced with progression through the veterinary anatomy content in an integrated curriculum. The present study made use of two tests that measure spatial ability, and one test that measures visual reasoning ability in veterinary students: Guay's Visualization of Views Test, adapted version (GVVT), the Mental Rotations Test (MRT), and Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices Test, short form (RavenT)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527481/rethinking-anatomy-how-to-overcome-challenges-of-medical-education-s-evolution
#2
REVIEW
Bruno Guimarães, Luís Dourado, Stanislav Tsisar, José Miguel Diniz, Maria Dulce Madeira, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Due to scientific and technological development, Medical Education has been readjusting its focus and strategies. Medical curriculum has been adopting a vertical integration model, in which basic and clinical sciences coexist during medical instruction. This context favours the introduction of new complementary technology-based pedagogical approaches. Thus, even traditional core sciences of medical curriculum, like Anatomy, are refocusing their teaching/learning paradigm...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509328/anatomy-based-dmek-wetlab-in-homburg-saar-novel-aspects-of-donor-preparation-and-host-maneuvers-to-teach-descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty
#3
B Seitz, L Daas, M Bischoff-Jung, N Szentmáry, S Suffo, M El-Husseiny, A Viestenz, G Milioti
INTRODUCTION: Use of Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty (DMEK) has been limited because of problems with donor preparation, i.e. tearing of the Descemet membrane and difficulties in unfolding the Endothelium-Descemet-Membrane-Layer (EDML) in the anterior chamber (AC). The purpose of this work was to describe a novel approach to teaching anatomy-based donor and recipient preparation in a DMEK-Wetlab. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We teach successful mono-manual donor preparation of human corneas in organ culture not suitable for transplantation, including peripheral markers for orientation...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473955/orthopaedic-education-in-the-era-of-surgical-simulation-still-at-the-crawling-stage
#4
EDITORIAL
Kivanc Atesok, Peter MacDonald, Jeff Leiter, James Dubberley, Richard Satava, Ann VanHeest, Shepard Hurwitz, J Lawrence Marsh
Surgical skills education is in the process of a crucial transformation from a master-apprenticeship model to simulation-based training. Orthopaedic surgery is one of the surgical specialties where simulation-based skills training needs to be integrated into the curriculum efficiently and urgently. The reason for this strong and pressing need is that orthopaedic surgery covers broad human anatomy and pathologies and requires learning enormously diverse surgical procedures including basic and advanced skills...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472546/an-exploration-of-anatomists-views-toward-the-use-of-body-painting-in-anatomical-and-medical-education-an-international-study
#5
Natalie E Cookson, Justine J Aka, Gabrielle M Finn
Previous research has explored the experiences of medical students using body painting as a learning tool. However, to date, faculty experiences and views have not been explored. This international qualitative study utilized a grounded theory approach with data collection through interviews with academics and clinicians who utilized body painting as part of their anatomical teaching. Twenty-six anatomists participated in the study from 14 centers worldwide. Three themes emerged from the data: (1) the efficacy of body painting, (2) the promotion of knowledge retention and recall, (3) considerations and practicalities regarding the use of body painting as a teaching tool...
May 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360541/students-perceptions-of-lecturing-approaches-traditional-versus-interactive-teaching
#6
Eiman Abdel Meguid, Matthew Collins
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing trend toward transcending from traditional teaching to student-centered methodologies that actively engage students. We aimed to analyze students' perceptions of effective interactive teaching using PollEverywhere Audience Response System (ARS) as a worthwhile teaching methodology. It can be of great help in maintaining students' attention and in facilitating the lecturer to pick up students' misunderstandings and correct them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This system was introduced to the undergraduate dental curriculum to increase student's motivation and attention, giving immediate feedback on student understanding during an anatomy module...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323395/development-of-a-didactical-training-concept-for-peer-tutors-in-gross-anatomy
#7
Simone Alvarez, Christoph Nikendei, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
Even though peer tutors are often used in gross anatomy courses, research in the field is rather a subject of the last two decades. This is especially true about the didactical challenges these types of peer tutors experience during their tutorials and about how they are prepared for the task. The aim of the presented study was to learn about the training needs of the tutors, and to subsequently design, implement, and evaluate a didactical training concept. A qualitative design was chosen to examine how tutors can best be prepared for tutorials of gross anatomy...
March 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315694/incorporation-of-autopsy-case-based-learning-into-phd-graduate-education-a-novel-approach-to-bridging-the-bench-to-bedside-gap
#8
Erin G Brooks, Joanne M Thornton, Erik A Ranheim, Zsuzsanna Fabry
Given the current rapid expansion of biological knowledge and the challenges of translating that knowledge into clinical practice, finding effective methods of teaching graduate students clinical medicine concepts has become even more critical. The utility of autopsy in medical student and resident education has been well-established. Multiple studies have reported it to be a helpful means of teaching anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical problem-solving skills, and medical diagnostic techniques. While various models of training Ph...
March 15, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304001/students-perceptions-of-usefulness-of-anatomy-demonstrations-in-traditional-and-hybrid-undergraduate-medical-education-curricula
#9
Ayesha Saba Naz, Rehana Rehman, Zehra Jamil, Khalid Ahmed, Ambreen Surti
A cross-sectional study was carried out to study students' perceptions on the usefulness of Anatomy demonstrations (AD) in the undergraduate medical education by comparing the Conventional Medical College (CMC) and problem-based learning as hybrid curriculum (HMC). Purposive sampling technique was used and all students were included. The completed questionnaire responses were returned by 92 CMC and 87 HMC students. CMC cohort understood the structural relationship more than HMC (p=0.03). AD helped 50 students (54%) of CMC to get through the theory examination, however 73 (84%) students of HMC found them useful in preparation for theory examinations (p<0...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273559/designing-an-oral-health-module-for-the-bachelor-of-midwifery-program-at-an-australian-university
#10
Margaret Duff, Hannah G Dahlen, Elaine Burns, Holly Priddis, Virginia Schmied, Ajesh George
Maternal oral health is important yet many pregnant women are unaware of its significance. Midwives are advised to promote oral health during pregnancy and are supported to do this in Australia through the Midwifery Initiated Oral Health training program. However, limited undergraduate education is being provided to midwifery students in this area. The objective of this paper is to describe how an innovative oral health education module for an undergraduate midwifery course in Australia was designed using a multidisciplinary approach...
March 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165673/a-preliminary-survey-of-professionalism-teaching-practices-in-anatomy-education-among-indian-medical-colleges
#11
Ilavenil Karunakaran, Ponniah Thirumalaikolundusubramanian, Sheela Das Nalinakumari
Professionalism and ethics have gained widespread recognition as competencies to be fulfilled, taught, and assessed within medical education. The role of the anatomy course in developed nations has evolved over time and now encompasses multiple domains, including knowledge, skills, and the inculcation of professionalism and ethics. The Medical Council of India recently recommended the integration of professionalism teaching in undergraduate medical curricula. The authors investigated whether the initial orientation lectures and instructions given by faculty at the outset of undergraduate medical anatomy courses throughout India served a "hidden curriculum" regarding professionalism practices, and whether these orientation messages could serve as an early exposure to medical professionalism and ethics for medical students...
February 6, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143823/introductory-anatomy-and-physiology-in-an-undergraduate-nursing-curriculum
#12
S J Brown, S White, N Power
Using an educational data mining approach, first-year academic achievement of undergraduate nursing students, which included two compulsory courses in introductory human anatomy and physiology, was compared with achievement in a final semester course that transitioned students into the workplace. We hypothesized that students could be grouped according to their first-year academic achievement using a two-step cluster analysis method and that grades achieved in the human anatomy and physiology courses would be strong predictors of overall achievement...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135037/anatomy-education-environment-measurement-inventory-a-valid-tool-to-measure-the-anatomy-learning-environment
#13
Siti Nurma Hanim Hadie, Asma' Hassan, Zul Izhar Mohd Ismail, Mohd Asnizam Asari, Aaijaz Ahmed Khan, Fazlina Kasim, Nurul Aiman Mohd Yusof, Husnaida Abdul Manan Sulong, Tg Fatimah Murniwati Tg Muda, Wan Nor Arifin, Muhamad Saiful Bahri Yusoff
Students' perceptions of the education environment influence their learning. Ever since the major medical curriculum reform, anatomy education has undergone several changes in terms of its curriculum, teaching modalities, learning resources, and assessment methods. By measuring students' perceptions concerning anatomy education environment, valuable information can be obtained to facilitate improvements in teaching and learning. Hence, it is important to use a valid inventory that specifically measures attributes of the anatomy education environment...
January 30, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127792/learner-improvement-from-a-simulation-enhanced-ultrasonography-curriculum-for-first-year-medical-students
#14
Geoffrey T Miller, Mark W Scerbo, Samantha Zybak, Donald V Byars, Craig W Goodmurphy, Frank A Lattanzio, Barry J Knapp, Felicia Toreno, Alex Levitov, Sarah Shaves, Alfred Abuhamad
OBJECTIVES: We describe a simulation-enhanced ultrasonography (US) curriculum for first-year medical students as part of a comprehensive curricular integration of US skills. Our goal was to assess student knowledge and performance of US and determine their satisfaction with the integrated curriculum. METHODS: A committee of basic science, clinical, and interinstitutional faculty developed 7 educational US modules integrated into existing anatomy and physiology courses...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091357/assessment-of-the-need-for-a-cardiac-morphology-curriculum-for-paediatric-cardiology-fellows
#15
Lindsay S Rogers, Melissa Klein, Jeanne James, Michael FitzGerald
BACKGROUND: Expert knowledge of cardiac malformations is essential for paediatric cardiologists. Current cardiac morphology fellowship teaching format, content, and nomenclature are left up to the discretion of the individual fellowship programmes. We aimed to assess practices and barriers in morphology education, perceived effectiveness of current curricula, and preferences for a standardised fellow morphology curriculum. METHODS: A web-based survey was developed de novo and administered anonymously via e-mail to all paediatric cardiology fellowship programme directors and associate directors in the United States of America; leaders were asked to forward the survey to fellows...
January 16, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060967/medical-students-help-bridge-the-gap-in-sexual-health-education-among-middle-school-youth
#16
Naomi Adjei, Michael Yacovelli, Dorothy Liu, Kunal Sindhu, Mary Roberts, Susanna Magee
BACKGROUND: School-based programs are important in addressing risky teenage sexual behavior. We implemented a sex education program using trained medical student volunteers. METHODS: Medical students (n=30) implemented a seven-session curriculum, designed by medical students and faculty, to 7th and 8th grade students (n=310) at a local school. Middle school students completed pre- and post-assessments. Teachers and medical students completed questionnaires relating their perceptions of students' attitudes and understanding of sexual health...
January 6, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032227/development-of-a-standardized-curriculum-concept-for-continuing-training-in-hernia-surgery-german-hernia-school
#17
R Lorenz, B Stechemesser, W Reinpold, R Fortelny, F Mayer, W Schröder, F Köckerling
INTRODUCTION: The increasingly more complex nature of hernia surgery means that training programs for young surgeons must now meet ever more stringent requirements. There is a growing demand for improved structuring and standardization of education and training in hernia surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2011, the concept of a Hernia School was developed in Germany and has been gradually implemented ever since. That concept comprises the following series of interrelated, tiered course elements: Hernie kompakt (Hernia compact), Hernie konkret (Hernia concrete), and Hernie complex (Hernia complex)...
December 28, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025624/impact-of-a-revised-curriculum-focusing-on-clinical-neurology-and-musculoskeletal-care-on-a-required-fourth-year-medical-student-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-clerkship
#18
John W Norbury, Clinton E Faulk, Kelly M Harrell, Luan E Lawson, Daniel P Moore
Background. A Required Fourth-Year Medical Student Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) Clerkship was found to increase students' knowledge of PM&R; however the students' overall rotation evaluations were consistently lower than the other 8 required clerkships at the medical school. Objective. To describe the impact of a revised curriculum based upon Entrustable Professional Activities and focusing on basic pain management, musculoskeletal care, and neurology. Setting. Academic Medical Center. Participants...
2016: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009487/implementation-and-modification-of-an-anatomy-based-integrated-curriculum
#19
Brenda J Klement, Douglas F Paulsen, Lawrence E Wineski
Morehouse School of Medicine elected to restructure its first-year medical curriculum by transitioning from a discipline-based to an integrated program. The anatomy course, with regional dissection at its core, served as the backbone for this integration by weaving the content from prior traditional courses into the curriculum around the anatomy topics. There were four primary goals for this restructuring process. Goal 1: develop new integrated courses. Course boundaries were established at locations where logical breaks in anatomy content occurred...
December 23, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990464/human-dissection-in-medical-education-more-than-just-anatomy
#20
Gerd Rehkämper
The dissection course is an essential component of the medical curriculum. Nonetheless, the time expenditure and intensity of supervising the students in this course has been diminishing since the 1970s. That endangers not only the transmission of fundamental knowledge of anatomy. It also concerns key concepts such as establishing values, the concept of humans, and physician competencies, because medical education must be seen not merely as fact-directed instruction but instead should be connected with a mission for professional acculturation...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
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