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Anatomy curriculum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781108/an-exploratory-study-of-sectra-table-visualization-improves-the-effectiveness-of-emergency-bedside-echocardiography-training
#1
Di Shi, Joseph H Walline, Jihai Liu, Xuezhong Yu, Jun Xu, Priscilla P Song, Huadong Zhu, John M O'Donnell
OBJECTIVES: Echocardiography is an essential tool in emergency medicine, and its training is the most challenging of all types of bedside ultrasound (US) training. This study investigated the effectiveness of the Sectra Table (Sectra AB, Linköping, Sweden), an anatomy visualization and collaboration tool, in improving the quality of echocardiography training for emergency medicine physicians. METHODS: We conducted an exploratory prospective observational study from 2015 to 2017 and enrolled 66 trainees who participated in a 2...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769495/analyses-of-the-neuroanatomy-portion-of-the-anatomy-question-papers-for-written-summative-assessment-at-the-medical-undergraduate-level-in-bangladesh
#2
M Akter, K M Shamim, N F Amin
Neuroanatomy is a vital part of the undergraduate medical (MBBS) Anatomy curriculum of different universities of Bangladesh. The teaching-learning and assessment of Neuroanatomy have gone through significant changes in current times in various parts of the world. Neuroanatomy textbooks are supposed to be useful reflectors of these changes and of the present inclinations. The importance of an understanding approach towards Neuroanatomy is beyond doubt. Consequently, the contemporary Neuroanatomy books are inclined more towards an understanding approach in their presentation...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767571/student-perceptions-of-veterinary-anatomy-practical-classes-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Erica Gummery, Kate A Cobb, Liz H Mossop, Malcolm A Cobb
Using cadaveric material to teach veterinary students poses many challenges. However, little research exists on the contribution of this traditional approach to student learning. This longitudinal study aimed to investigate student perceptions of cadaver-based anatomy classes in a vertically integrated veterinary curriculum at the University of Nottingham's School of Veterinary Medicine and Science. Likert-scale statements and free-text boxes were used in a questionnaire distributed to second-year veterinary students (response rate 59%, 61/103)...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759952/head-and-neck-anatomy-effect-of-focussed-near-peer-teaching-on-anatomical-confidence-in-undergraduate-medical-students
#4
Simon Morris, Max Sallis Osborne, Duncan Bowyer
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of near-peer head and neck anatomy teaching on undergraduates and to quantify the benefit from a focussed teaching course. Near-peer teaching involves colleagues within close seniority and age proximity teaching one another on a specified topic. DESIGN: Small group teaching sessions were delivered to medical students on 3 key areas of ENT anatomy. Participants were given a precourse and postcourse questionnaire to determine the benefit attained from the course...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732601/longitudinal-ultrasound-curriculum-incorporation-at-west-virginia-university-school-of-medicine-a-description-and-graduating-students-perceptions
#5
Joseph Minardi, Holly Ressetar, Theresa Foreman, Kristen Craig, Melinda Sharon, John Bassler, Stephen Davis, Anthony Machi, Scott Cottrell, Nicolas Denne, Norman Ferrari, Kenneth Landreth, Bruce Palmer, Gregory Schaefer, Robert Tallaksen, David Wilks, Dorian Williams
OBJECTIVES: Sonography is a clinical tool being incorporated in multiple medical specialties with evidence of improved patient care and cost. Some schools have begun implementing ultrasound curricula. We hope to build upon that foundation and provide another potential framework of incorporation. There are several barriers, including curricular space, equipment and physical space, adequate faculty, and performing assessment. METHODS: At West Virginia University, we began a longitudinal ultrasound curriculum in 2012 with incorporation of didactic and practical sessions into gross anatomy, our systems-based second-year curriculum, physical diagnosis course, and clinical rotations...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724984/a-study-on-the-korean-medicine-education-and-the-changes-in-the-traditional-korean-medicine-during-the-japanese-colonial-era-focused-on-the-korean-medicine-training-schools
#6
Yongyuan Huang
The modern education institutes play an important role in fostering professional talents, reproducing knowledge and studies, and forming the identities of certain academic fields and vocational communities. It is a matter of common knowledge that the absence of an official Korean medicine medical school during the Japanese colonial era was a severely disadvantageous factor in the aspects of academic progress, fostering follow-up personnel, and establishment of social capability. Therefore, the then Korean medicine circle put emphasis on inadequate official education institutes as the main factor behind oppression...
April 2018: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698413/proof-of-concept-of-a-workflow-methodology-for-the-creation-of-basic-canine-head-anatomy-veterinary-education-tool-using-augmented-reality
#7
Roxie Christ, Julien Guevar, Matthieu Poyade, Paul M Rea
Neuroanatomy can be challenging to both teach and learn within the undergraduate veterinary medicine and surgery curriculum. Traditional techniques have been used for many years, but there has now been a progression to move towards alternative digital models and interactive 3D models to engage the learner. However, digital innovations in the curriculum have typically involved the medical curriculum rather than the veterinary curriculum. Therefore, we aimed to create a simple workflow methodology to highlight the simplicity there is in creating a mobile augmented reality application of basic canine head anatomy...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674109/mixed-method-evaluation-of-a-cadaver-dissection-course-for-general-surgery-interns-an-innovative-approach-for-filling-the-gap-between-gross-anatomy-and-the-operating-room
#8
Yen-Yi Juo, Christina Hanna, Quach Chi, Grace Chang, Warwick J Peacock, Areti Tillou, Catherine E Lewis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an innovative whole cadaver dissection curriculum designed to focus on teaching procedure-relevant anatomy and surgical skills to surgery interns. DESIGN: A mixed methods explanatory sequential design incorporating both quantitative and qualitative evaluations was used to evaluate the cadaver dissection course. Quantitative data were prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed in order to compare anatomy knowledge and operative skills before and after the course...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671198/cancer-community-education-in-somali-refugees-in-nebraska
#9
Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway, Nada Alnaji, Brandon Grimm, Melissa Leypoldt
Nebraska has one of the highest numbers of refugees per capita in the U.S. A high number of Somalis have resettled in Nebraska due to job opportunities and the low cost of living. In this paper, we report the process and the results of a cervical and breast cancer education program for Somali women conducted through a collaboration among public health, academia, and community entities. The curriculum was built to be suitable for the literacy level and cultural values of this community. Topics include female reproductive anatomy; breast and cervical cancer knowledge and screening; hepatitis C and liver cancer; and preparing for a health screening visit...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669259/anatomy-learning-from-prosected-cadaveric-specimens-versus-three-dimensional-software-a-comparative-study-of-upper-limb-anatomy
#10
Vasileios Mitrousias, Sokratis E Varitimidis, Michael E Hantes, Konstantinos N Malizos, Dimitrios L Arvanitis, Aristeidis H Zibis
INTRODUCTION: modern, three-dimensional (3D) anatomy software is a promising teaching method, though few studies examine its effectiveness on upper limb and musculoskeletal anatomy learning. The purpose of this study is to investigate which method is associated with a better outcome, as assessed by students' performance on examinations, when comparing learning with prosections to the use of 3D software. MATERIALS AND METHODS: two groups of undergraduate, first-year medical students without previous knowledge of anatomy were compared...
April 15, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627304/low-fidelity-model-making-activity-by-students-a-novel-way-of-learning-concepts-of-neuroanatomy
#11
Shilpi Gupta Dixit, Pushpa Potaliya, S M Nayeemudin, Surajit Ghatak
Teaching and learning anatomy has always been an integral part of medical education. Teaching neuroanatomy has always faced innate and contextual challenges therefore various innovative teaching-learning methods have been devised on the idea of engaging learners in meaningful learning activities through apt guidance, communication among peers and cluster activities. The present study aims at such an innovative method. The study was conducted in practical sessions of first year MBBS at the Institute during second semester...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616574/the-art-of-talking-about-science-beginning-to-teach-physiology-students-how-to-communicate-with-nonscientists
#12
Andrew M Petzold, Robert L Dunbar
The ability to clearly disseminate scientific knowledge is a skill that is necessary for any undergraduate student within the sciences. Traditionally, this is accomplished through the instruction of scientific presentation or writing with a focus on peer-to-peer communication at the expense of teaching communication aimed at a nonscientific audience. One of the ramifications of focusing on peer-to-peer communication has presented itself as an apprehension toward scientific knowledge within the general populace...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610538/new-approaches-in-cancer-biology-can-inform-the-biology-curriculum
#13
Lynda Jones, Diana Gordon, Mary Zelinski
Students tend to be very interested in medical issues that affect them and their friends and family. Using cancer as a hook, the ART of Reproductive Medicine: Oncofertility curriculum (free, online, and NIH sponsored) has been developed to supplement the teaching of basic biological concepts and to connect biology and biomedical research. This approach allows integration of up-to-date information on cancer and cancer treatment, cell division, male and female reproductive anatomy and physiology, cryopreservation, fertility preservation, stem cells, ethics, and epigenetics into an existing biology curriculum...
March 2018: American Biology Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578649/assessing-the-impact-of-the-graduate-certificate-in-anatomical-sciences-instruction-a-post-degree-survey
#14
April Richardson-Hatcher, Brian MacPherson, Douglas Gould, Jennifer Brueckner-Collins
There are few graduate programs available for pursuing a doctorate in anatomy where students gain specific training in gross anatomy dissection and the responsibilities of a medical educator. In light of this fact, the University of Kentucky created a Graduate Certificate in Anatomical Sciences Instruction in 2006. This 12-credit hour curriculum includes detailed training in gross anatomy and/or neuroscience courses, practicum experiences, a seminar class in pedagogical literature, and a course in educational strategies for the anatomical sciences...
March 26, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569347/first-year-medical-student-peer-nominations-of-professionalism-a-methodological-detective-story-about-making-sense-of-non-sense
#15
Trey C Mullikin, Varun Shahi, Douglas Grbic, Wojciech Pawlina, Frederic W Hafferty
This article explores the assessment of professionalism within a cohort of medical students during a sequential 13-week medical school histology and anatomy course. Across seven data points, students were asked to identify a professionalism role model from amongst their peers and to score Likert-structured rationales for their decision. Based on density scores, an initial social network analysis identified six peer-nomination "stars." However, analysis of these stars revealed considerable variability and random-like "noise" in both the nomination and explanation data sets...
March 22, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547446/long-term-retention-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-training-during-residency
#16
Robert W Irwin, Jeffrey Smith, S Barry Issenberg
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (ABPMR) developed milestones for evaluation of resident physicians that include proper musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) examination of major joints. To date, there have been no published data demonstrating acquisition and retention of these skills and correlation with the milestone evaluation. The investigators developed and implemented a curriculum in musculoskeletal ultrasound examination for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) residents at a large academic medical center...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529601/cadaver-dissection-is-obsolete-in-medical-training-a-misinterpreted-notion
#17
Ismail Memon
Cadaver dissection is considered a tool for studying the structural details of the human body. Lately, conflicting opinions regarding the utility of this modality in medical training have been published in medical literature. This review of literature was done to examine the status of anatomy teaching with cadaver dissection in traditional, modern, and postgraduate medical training across the world. Literature published in the English language on topics related to cadaver dissection in the past three decades was scrutinized using different search engines...
March 12, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503310/effectiveness-of-a-retention-program-to-improve-performance-during-the-first-semester-of-a-doctor-of-physical-therapy-program
#18
S Christopher Owens, Yolanda Rainey, Pamela Tucker, Brian Edmunds
BACKGROUND: To meet the expanding need for physical therapists universities are under increasing pressure to enroll, educate, and train physical therapists. Poor academic performance can result in student dismissal from a physical therapy program. The purpose of this study is to determine if implementation of a retention program would improve student academic performance in the foundational science curriculum in a physical therapy program. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort design was used...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490531/the-development-of-a-pragmatic-clinically-driven-ultrasound-curriculum-in-a-uk-medical-school
#19
Richard J Wakefield, Asoka Weerasinghe, Patrick Tung, Laura Smith, James Pickering, Tendekayi Msimanga, Mohit Arora, Karen Flood, Pawan Gupta, Suzanne Bickerdike, James McLaughlan, Ashley Uttley, Jean Wilson, Tony Evans, Stephen Wolstenhulme, Trudie E Roberts
Whether ultrasound (US) should be incorporated into a medical undergraduate curriculum remains a matter of debate within the medical education arena. There are clear potential benefits to its early introduction particularly with respect to the study of living anatomy and physiology in addition to the learning of clinical skills and procedures required for the graduate clinical practice. However, this needs to be balanced against what is perceived as an added value in addition to financial and time constraints which may potentially lead to the sacrifice of other aspects of the curriculum...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444389/anatomy-integration-effective-change-or-change-of-affect
#20
Rebecca S Hartley, Gary A Smith, Martina J Rosenberg
Anatomy is fundamental to clinical practice, is considered a rite of passage in becoming a physician and is key to professional identity formation. The anatomy course that began the medical curriculum at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine was recently dissolved to address content and process gaps in the pre-clinical curriculum. Anatomy was integrated into the organ system blocks to make room for new courses to address content gaps. Previous reports of anatomy integration document more positive attitudes and perceptions to teaching anatomy in context, as compared to an independent course...
February 14, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
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