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Anatomy curriculum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893968/interprofessional-approach-for-teaching-functional-knee-joint-anatomy
#1
Jakob J Meyer, Markus M Obmann, Marianne Gießler, Dominik Schuldis, Ann-Kathrin Brückner, Peter C Strohm, Florian Sandeck, Björn Spittau
Profound knowledge in functional and clinical anatomy is a prerequisite for efficient diagnosis in medical practice. However, anatomy teaching does not always consider functional and clinical aspects. Here we introduce a new interprofessional approach to effectively teach the anatomy of the knee joint. The presented teaching approach involves anatomists, orthopaedists and physical therapists to teach anatomy of the knee joint in small groups under functional and clinical aspects. The knee joint courses were implemented during early stages of the medical curriculum and medical students were grouped with students of physical therapy to sensitize students to the importance of interprofessional work...
November 25, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887620/anatomy-meets-dentistry-linking-anatomy-and-clinical-practice-in-the-preclinical-dental-curriculum
#2
Nicole Rafai, Martin Lemos, Lieven Nils Kennes, Ayichah Hawari, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép, Irmgard Classen-Linke
BACKGROUND: Establishing a strong link early on between preclinical coursework and the clinical context is necessary for students to be able to recognize the practical relevance of the curriculum during their preclinical anatomical courses and to transfer knowledge more easily. Our objective was to enhance the clinical relevance of a preclinical anatomy course for second-year medical students of dentistry by implementing an interdisciplinary skills training course on "Palpation of the Head and Neck Muscles" and to measure the learning outcomes...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882040/a-new-model-of-master-of-philosophy-in-physiological-sciences
#3
H R Ahmad, F M Arain, N A Khan
The objectives of Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Physiological Sciences are: 1) to describe the new ways in which anatomy, biochemistry and physiology on one hand, and microbiology, pathology and pharmacology on other hand meet their functional requirements through multidisciplinary integrated concepts; 2) to elucidate relationships between cell biology, molecular biology and molecular genetics by connecting dots of how cell functions are driven by molecules and being controlled by genes. This forms the basis of cell, molecular and genetics [CMG] module upon which 7 multidisciplinary modules of Physiological Sciences follow; 3) these 24 credit hours provide the physiological basis for PhD studies as well as faculty development to enhance learning abilities of medical student; 4) the modules constitute Cardio- Respiratory Physiological Sciences, GI and Renal Physiological Sciences, Neurosciences, Endo-Reproductive Physiological Sciences...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870531/evaluation-of-an-innovative-hands-on-anatomy-centered-ultrasound-curriculum-to-supplement-graduate-gross-anatomy-education
#4
Danielle F Royer, Ross Kessler, Jeffrey R Stowell
Ultrasound (US) can enhance anatomy education, yet is incorporated into few non-medical anatomy programs. This study is the first to evaluate the impact of US training in gross anatomy for non-medical students in the United States. All 32 master's students enrolled in gross anatomy with the anatomy-centered ultrasound (ACUS) curriculum were recruited. Mean Likert ratings on pre- and post-course surveys (100% response rates) were compared to evaluate the effectiveness of the ACUS curriculum in developing US confidence, and gauge its impact on views of US...
November 21, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836858/assessment-of-first-year-medical-students-perceptions-of-teaching-and-learning-through-team-based-learning-sessions
#5
Adam S Obad, Ahmed A Peeran, Mohammad Abrar Shareef, Wissal J Alsheikh, Dana A Kalagi, Abdulhadi A AlAmodi, Tehreem A Khan, Abdul Ahad Shaikh, Paul Ganguly, Ahmed Yaqinuddin
Team-based learning (TBL) is an emerging teaching and learning strategy being employed in medical schools. The College of Medicine at Alfaisal University has adopted a TBL approach as an instructional method for first-year medical students. The aim of the present study was to describe the TBL method employed at Alfaisal University College of Medicine and to assess first-year medical students' perceptions of this learning modality for the anatomy- and physiology-based blocks/courses in organ systems form of curriculum...
December 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833681/pilot-point-of-care-ultrasound-curriculum-at-harvard-medical-school-early-experience
#6
Joshua S Rempell, Fidencio Saldana, Donald DiSalvo, Navin Kumar, Michael B Stone, Wilma Chan, Jennifer Luz, Vicki E Noble, Andrew Liteplo, Heidi Kimberly, Minna J Kohler
INTRODUCTION: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is expanding across all medical specialties. As the benefits of US technology are becoming apparent, efforts to integrate US into pre-clinical medical education are growing. Our objective was to describe our process of integrating POCUS as an educational tool into the medical school curriculum and how such efforts are perceived by students. METHODS: This was a pilot study to introduce ultrasonography into the Harvard Medical School curriculum to first- and second-year medical students...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790469/student-project-in-anatomy-spa-making-the-first-year-medical-students-responsible-and-creative
#7
Satheesha B Nayak, Snigdha Mishra, Bincy M George, Naveen Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Creativity is a combination of ones' capacity to think outside the box, the gained knowledge and the passion for creating something. It very easily and effectively provides the creator a chance to be responsible for his/her creation and acts as a confidence booster for him/her. Creativity is inherent, but needs to be polished and nurtured. If nurtured well through proper motivation, the creator excels leaps and bounds. It develops an empathetic behaviour in the creator, when he allows his creations to be used by others...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785729/relevance-of-anatomy-to-medical-education-and-clinical-practice-perspectives-of-medical-students-clinicians-and-educators
#8
Amgad Sbayeh, Mohammad A Qaedi Choo, Kathleen A Quane, Paul Finucane, Deirdre McGrath, Siun O'Flynn, Siobhain M O'Mahony, Colm M P O'Tuathaigh
INTRODUCTION: Against a backdrop of ever-changing diagnostic and treatment modalities, stakeholder perceptions (medical students, clinicians, anatomy educators) are crucial for the design of an anatomy curriculum which fulfils the criteria required for safe medical practice. This study compared perceptions of students, practising clinicians, and anatomy educators with respect to the relevance of anatomy education to medicine. METHODS: A quantitative survey was administered to undergraduate entry (n = 352) and graduate entry students (n = 219) at two Irish medical schools, recently graduated Irish clinicians (n = 146), and anatomy educators based in Irish and British medical schools (n = 30)...
October 26, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777116/digital-preservation-of-anatomical-variation-3d-modeling-of-embalmed-and-plastinated-cadaveric-specimens-using-uct-and-mri
#9
Colin W Moore, Timothy D Wilson, Charles L Rice
Anatomy educators have an opportunity to teach anatomical variations as a part of medical and allied health curricula using both cadaveric and three-dimensional (3D) digital models of these specimens. Beyond published cadaveric case reports, anatomical variations identified during routine gross anatomy dissection can be powerful teaching tools and a medium to discuss several anatomical sub-disciplines from embryology to medical imaging. The purpose of this study is to document how cadaveric anatomical variation identified during routine dissection can be scanned using medical imaging techniques to create two-dimensional axial images and interactive 3D models for teaching and learning of anatomical variations...
October 21, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771339/the-value-of-clinical-practice-in-cadaveric-dissection-lessons-learned-from-a-course-in-eye-and-orbital-anatomy
#10
Christopher Schulz
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that there is greater benefit in a dissection-based anatomy course among those participants with clinical experience in the relevant field, and those without. DESIGN: A retrospective comparative study. SETTING: Brighton and Sussex Medical School Anatomy Department: an educational facility that provides undergraduate and postgraduate anatomy teaching using cadaveric specimens. PARTICIPANTS: All attendees (n = 40) to a postgraduate course in eye and orbital anatomy completed course evaluation forms...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760438/white-paper-radiological-curriculum-for-undergraduate-medical-education-in-germany
#11
(no author information available yet)
Purpose: Radiology represents a highly relevant part of undergraduate medical education from preclinical studies to subinternship training. It is therefore important to establish a content base for teaching radiology in German Medical Faculties. Materials and Methods: The German Society of Radiology (DRG) developed a model curriculum for radiological teaching at German medical universities, which is presented in this article. There is also a European model curriculum for undergraduate teaching (U-level curriculum of the European Society of Radiology)...
November 2016: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706913/longitudinal-retention-of-anatomical-knowledge-in-second-year-medical-students
#12
Denise E Doomernik, Harry van Goor, Jan G M Kooloos, Richard P Ten Broek
The Radboud University Medical Center has a problem-based, learner-oriented, horizontally, and vertically integrated medical curriculum. Anatomists and clinicians have noticed students' decreasing anatomical knowledge and the disability to apply knowledge in diagnostic reasoning and problem solving. In a longitudinal cohort, the retention of anatomical knowledge gained during the first year of medical school among second-year medical students was assessed. In May 2011, 346 medical students applied for the second-year gastro-intestinal (GI) tract course...
October 5, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680320/design-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-simulation-based-clinical-correlation-curriculum-as-an-adjunctive-pedagogy-in-an-anatomy-course
#13
Carmen M Coombs, Ryan Y Shields, Elizabeth A Hunt, Ying Wei Lum, Patrick R Sosnay, Julianne S Perretta, Rhett H Lieberman, Nicole A Shilkofski
PROBLEM: Because reported use of simulation in preclinical basic science courses is limited, the authors describe the design, implementation, and preliminary evaluation of a simulation-based clinical correlation curriculum in an anatomy course for first-year medical students at Perdana University Graduate School of Medicine (in collaboration with Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine). APPROACH: The simulation curriculum, with five weekly modules, was a component of a noncadaveric human anatomy course for three classes (n = 81 students) from September 2011 to November 2013...
September 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586154/longitudinal-cohort-study-on-medical-student-retention-of-anatomical-knowledge-in-an-integrated-problem-based-learning-curriculum
#14
Jennifer M McBride, Richard L Drake
BACKGROUND: When modifying a curriculum to accommodate changes in the methods of subject matter presentation or fit within a shortened time frame, student retention of knowledge remains an important issue. AIM: This study evaluates medical student retention of anatomical knowledge as they matriculate through an anatomy curriculum where the instruction hours are less than half of the current national average. METHOD: Medical students completed an assessment tool developed to evaluate their baseline level of anatomical knowledge at the beginning of the first year...
September 2, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585370/anatomical-sciences-a-foundation-for-a-solid-learning-experience-in-dental-technology-and-dental-prosthetics
#15
Mahmoud M Bakr, C Mark Thompson, Magdalena Massadiq
Basic science courses are extremely important as a foundation for scaffolding knowledge and then applying it in future courses, clinical situations as well as in a professional career. Anatomical sciences, which include tooth morphology, oral histology, oral embryology, and head and neck anatomy form a core part of the preclinical courses in dental technology programs. In this article, the importance and relevance of anatomical sciences to dental personnel with no direct contact with patients (dental technicians) and limited discipline related contact with patients (dental prosthetists) is highlighted...
September 1, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577015/anatomy-radiology-and-practical-procedure-education-for-foundation-doctors-in-england-a-national-observational-study
#16
Thomas L Lewis, Markus L Sagmeister, George W Miller, Matthew A Boissaud-Cooke, Peter H Abrahams
INTRODUCTION: There are concerns regarding the anatomy knowledge amongst medical school graduates and foundation doctors. Clinical procedures performed without relevant anatomical knowledge could result in serious harm to patients. The aim of this quantitative study was to assess education provision in the domains of anatomy, radiology and practical procedures for foundation year doctors during their first two years of training (FY1, FY2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A national survey of acute hospital trusts in England was conducted...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574911/cadaveric-dissection-as-an-educational-tool-for-anatomical-sciences-in-the-21st-century
#17
Sanjib Kumar Ghosh
Anatomical education has been undergoing reforms in line with the demands of medical profession. The aim of the present study is to assess the impact of a traditional method like cadaveric dissection in teaching/learning anatomy at present times when medical schools are inclining towards student-centered, integrated, clinical application models. The article undertakes a review of literature and analyzes the observations made therein reflecting on the relevance of cadaveric dissection in anatomical education of 21st century...
August 30, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568182/cadaver-specific-ct-scans-visualized-at-the-dissection-table-combined-with-virtual-dissection-tables-improve-learning-performance-in-general-gross-anatomy
#18
Daniel Paech, Frederik L Giesel, Roland Unterhinninghofen, Heinz-Peter Schlemmer, Thomas Kuner, Sara Doll
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to quantify the benefit of the incorporation of radiologic anatomy (RA), in terms of student training in RA seminars, cadaver CT scans and life-size virtual dissection tables on the learning success in general anatomy. METHODS: Three groups of a total of 238 students were compared in a multiple choice general anatomy exam during first-year gross anatomy: (1) a group (year 2015, n 1 = 50) that received training in radiologic image interpretation (RA seminar) and additional access to cadaver CT scans (CT + seminar group); (2) a group (2011, n 2 = 90) that was trained in the RA seminar only (RA seminar group); (3) a group (2011, n 3 = 98) without any radiologic image interpretation training (conventional anatomy group)...
August 27, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563579/role-of-computer-based-learning-in-tooth-carving-in-dentistry-an-indian-perspective
#19
Saurabh Juneja, Manjushree Juneja
Tooth carving is an important practical preclinical exercise in the curriculum in Indian dental education setup. It forms the basis of introduction to tooth anatomy, morphology and occlusion of primary and permanent teeth through practical approach. It requires enormous time and manpower to master the skill. Therefore, there is an imminent necessity to incorporate computer-based learning of the art of tooth carving for effective teaching and efficient student learning. This will ensure quality time to be spent on other academic and research activities by students and faculty in addition to adding value as a teaching aid...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562859/integration-of-the-musculature-in-the-course-functional-anatomy-of-the-locomotor-system-preparing-medical-students-for-the-dissection-course
#20
Christian M Hammer, Friedrich Paulsen, Pascal H M Burger, Michael Scholz
PURPOSE: To enhance the efficacy of the preclinical first-year course for medical and dental students 'functional anatomy of the locomotor system' (demo course) was offered in preparation for the dissection course at the Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany. METHODS: The muscular system was integrated into the curriculum of the demo course. Moreover, the number of tutors was increased from around 5 to 15 for approximately 120 students. A detailed course agenda, which had been lacking hitherto, was developed for each course day...
August 22, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
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