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Pregnancy Weight gain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938562/the-effect-of-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-on-the-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-in-advanced-maternal-age
#1
Beibei Dong, Hong Yu, Qiong Wei, Mengmeng Zhi, Chunhua Wu, Xiangyun Zhu, Ling Li
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: With the popularization of a two-child policy in China, the number of pregnant women of advanced maternal age will increase steadily. We aimed to assess the association between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and weight gain in the first and second trimester and the risk of gestational diabetes (GDM) in the advanced maternal age group and control group defined as maternal age of 20-35 years. RESULTS: The risk of GDM for obesity before pregnancy was 2...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933637/association-between-health-beliefs-and-gestational-weight-gain
#2
Tracey Ledoux, Saumali Daundasekara, Patricia Van Den Berg, Patrick Leung, Lorraine Walker, Pamela D Berens
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) provides recommendations for optimal weight gain during pregnancy to minimize complications associated with obesity and excessive weight gain. The Health Belief Model and prior research suggest knowledge of health recommendations and associated risks motivate health behaviors. This study determined whether knowledge of maternal and infant obesity risks during pregnancy (ORDP) and knowledge of IOM gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations were associated with total GWG and likelihood of adhering to IOM recommendations...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932201/the-placental-microbiota-is-altered-among-subjects-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-pilot-study
#3
Jia Zheng, Xinhua Xiao, Qian Zhang, Lili Mao, Miao Yu, Jianping Xu, Tong Wang
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has significant implications for the future health of the mother and child. However, the associations between human placental microbiota and GDM are poorly understood. We aimed to profile the placental microbiota of GDM and further define whether or not certain placental microbiota taxon correlates with specific clinical characteristics. Placenta were collected from GDM women and women with normal pregnancies (n = 10, in each group) consecutively recruited at Peking Union Medical College Hospital...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930827/comparative-efficacy-and-safety-of-oral-antidiabetic-drugs-and-insulin-in-treating-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-an-updated-prisma-compliant-network-meta-analysis
#4
Hui-Ling Liang, Shu-Juan Ma, Yan-Ni Xiao, Hong-Zhuan Tan
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of different drugs in treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) patients who could not maintain normal glucose level only through diet and exercise remains to be debated. We performed this network meta-analysis (NAM) to compare and rank different antidiabetic drugs in glucose level control and pregnancy outcomes in GDM patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase up to December 31, 2016...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906530/the-effect-of-lifestyle-interventions-on-maternal-body-composition-during-pregnancy-in-developing-countries-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Estelle D Watson, Shelley Macaulay, Kim Lamont, Philippe J-L Gradidge, Sandra Pretorius, Nigel J Crowther, Elena Libhaber
Optimal maternal body composition during pregnancy is a public health priority due to its implications on maternal health and infant development. We therefore aimed to conduct a systematic review of randomised, controlled trials, and case-control and cohort studies using lifestyle interventions to improve body composition in developing countries. Of the 1 708 articles that were searched, seven studies, representing three countries (Brazil, Iran and Argentina), were included in the review. Two articles suggested that intervention with physical activity during pregnancy may significantly reduce maternal weight gain, and five studies were scored as being of poor quality...
August 24, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903892/effectiveness-of-smartmoms-a-novel-ehealth-intervention-for-management-of-gestational-weight-gain-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#6
Leanne M Redman, L Anne Gilmore, Jeffrey Breaux, Diana M Thomas, Karen Elkind-Hirsch, Tiffany Stewart, Daniel S Hsia, Jeffrey Burton, John W Apolzan, Loren E Cain, Abby D Altazan, Shelly Ragusa, Heather Brady, Allison Davis, J Mick Tilford, Elizabeth F Sutton, Corby K Martin
BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of pregnant women exceed gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations. Because excess GWG is associated with adverse outcomes for mother and child, development of scalable and cost-effective approaches to deliver intensive lifestyle programs during pregnancy is urgent. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to decrease the proportion of women who exceed the Institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 GWG guidelines. METHODS: In a parallel-arm randomized controlled trial, 54 pregnant women (age 18-40 years) who were overweight (n=25) or obese (n=29) were enrolled to test whether an intensive lifestyle intervention (called SmartMoms) decreased the proportion of women with excess GWG, defined as exceeding the 2009 IOM guidelines, compared to no intervention (usual care group)...
September 13, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903110/flavor-perception-and-preference-development-in-human-infants
#7
Catherine A Forestell
As most parents and caregivers are aware, feeding children a nutritionally balanced diet can be challenging. Children are born with a biological predisposition to prefer sweet and to avoid bitter foods such as green leafy vegetables. It has been hypothesized that this predisposition evolved to attract children to energy-dense foods while discouraging the consumption of toxins. Although this may have enhanced survival in environments historically characterized by food scarcity, it is clearly maladaptive in many of today's food environments where children are surrounded by an abundance of sweet-tasting, unhealthful foods and beverages that place them at risk for excessive weight gain...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902375/provider-and-patient-knowledge-and-views-of-office-practices-on-weight-gain-and-exercise-during-pregnancy
#8
Arlin Delgado, Lauren M Stark, Charles J Macri, Michael L Power, Jay Schulkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901851/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-post-partum-risk-and-follow-up
#9
Silpa Poola-Kella, Rachel A Steinman, Bayan Mesmar, Rana Malek
BACKGROUND: Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at an increased risk for developing metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and cardiovascular disease. In this review, we will discuss postpartum cardiovascular and diabetes risk in women with a history of GDM and different ways to improve postpartum screening. METHODS: This review involves a comprehensive literature review on gestational diabetes and post-partum risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus as well as post-partum screening methods...
September 11, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901544/effect-of-obesity-on-neonatal-hypoglycaemia-in-mothers-with-gestational-diabetes-a-comparative-study
#10
Katherine Collins, Raoul Oehmen, Shailender Mehta
BACKGROUND: Rates of pre-gestational obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are increasing in Australia. While both are established risk factors for neonatal hypoglycaemia, the additive effect of both risks on neonatal hypoglycaemia is not well understood. AIMS: To determine the influence of obesity on neonatal hypoglycaemia among infants born to GDM mothers. The authors hypothesise the presence of a greater frequency and severity of neonatal hypoglycaemia in infants born to obese GDM women...
September 13, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895680/optimising-preconception-health-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#11
Adina Y Lang, Jacqueline A Boyle, Grace Fitzgerald, Helena Teede, Danielle Mazza, Lisa J Moran, Cheryce Harrison
There is a growing realisation that efforts to optimise the health of women and reduce the risk of adverse maternal, perinatal and neonatal outcomes during pregnancy should commence in the preconception period. The preconception period (prior to or between pregnancies) provides an opportune time to address reproductive intentions and promote and support wellbeing and healthy behaviour change regardless of pregnancy intention. Research over the last 30 years has explored the influence of a range of preconception risk factors and determinants of health on pregnancy and maternal and neonatal outcomes including: pregnancy planning, diet and micronutrient supplementation, physical activity, weight, smoking, recreational drug and alcohol use, mental health, oral hygiene, and chronic health and medical conditions...
September 12, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894539/prevalence-risk-factors-and-character-of-abdominal-hernia-in-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia-in-2017
#12
Abdulmajeed AhmedAlenazi, Mahmoud Mohammed Alsharif, Malik Azhar Hussain, Naif Gharbi Alenezi, Abdulrhman Ahmed Alenazi, Shouq Amjad Almadani, Nour Homoud Alanazi, Jazzaa Hammad Alshammari, Alwaleed Oqab Altimyat, Tariq Hulayyil Alanazi
BACKGROUND: Abdominal wall hernias are a very common surgical condition affecting all ages and both sexes. The main risk factors of hernias include pregnancy, weight lifting, constipation, and weight gain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of abdominal hernias, their causes, treatment and complications among both sexes of the Arar population (Saudi Arabia). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,567 adults living in Arar city in 2017...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886825/exercise-in-pregnancy
#13
REVIEW
Vanessa H Gregg, James E Ferguson
Routine exercise should be recommended to healthy pregnant women after consultation with an obstetric provider. Even pregnant women who have not been exercising regularly can gradually increase their exercise during pregnancy. Regular exercise during pregnancy promotes overall wellness and helps maintain appropriate gestational weight gain and appropriate fetal weight gain. Exercise in pregnancy may also reduce hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and gestational diabetes, and may be associated with shorter first stage of labor and decreased risk for cesarean section...
October 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886590/corpora-lutea-in-superovulated-ewes-fed-different-planes-of-nutrition
#14
A Kraisoon, D A Redmer, C S Bass, C Navanukraw, S T Dorsam, V Valkov, A Reyaz, A T Grazul-Bilska
The corpus luteum (CL) is an ovarian structure which is critical for the maintenance of reproductive cyclicity and pregnancy support. Diet and/or diet components may affect some luteal functions. FSH is widely used to induce multiple follicle development and superovulation. We hypothesized that FSH would affect luteal function in ewes fed different nutritional planes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine if FSH-treatment affects (1) ovulation rate; (2) CL weight; (3) cell proliferation; (4) vascularity; (5) expression of endothelial nitric oxide (eNOS) and soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) proteins; and (6) luteal and serum progesterone (P4) concentration in control (C), overfed (O), and underfed (U) ewes at the early- and mid-luteal phases...
August 12, 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886253/female-offspring-born-to-obese-and-insulin-resistant-dams-are-not-at-increased-risk-for-obesity-and-metabolic-dysfunction-during-early-development
#15
Hanin Aburasayn, Rami Al Batran, Keshav Gopal, Malak Almutairi, Amina Eshreif, Farah Eaton, John Ussher
The percentage of women who are obese at the time of conception/pregnancy is increasing, with animal and human studies demonstrating that offspring born to obese dams/mothers are at increased risk for obesity and the metabolic syndrome. Our goal was to confirm in an experimental model of metabolic syndrome in the dam, whether the offspring would be at increased risk of obesity. Conversely, we observed that male offspring born to dams with metabolic syndrome had no alterations in their body weight profiles, whereas female offspring born to dams with metabolic syndrome were heavier at weaning, but exhibited no perturbations in energy metabolism...
September 8, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885564/relationship-between-the-nutritional-status-of-vitamin-a-per-trimester-of-pregnancy-with-maternal-anthropometry-and-anemia-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#16
Sabrina Cruz, Andréa Matos, Suelem Pereira da Cruz, Silvia Pereira, Carlos Saboya, Andréa Ramalho
The aim of this study was to compare the nutritional status of vitamin A per trimester of pregnancy, as well as to assess its influence on pre-pregnancy BMI, total gestational weight gain (TGWG) and presence of anemia in women who had previously undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). An analytical, longitudinal and retrospective study comprising 30 pregnant women who had previously undergone RYGB was undertaken. In all trimesters of pregnancy, the serum concentrations of retinol, β-carotene, stages of vitamin A deficiency (VAD), night blindness (NB), anemia and anthropometric variables were assessed...
September 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883541/prenatal-risk-factors-influencing-childhood-bmi-and-overweight-independent-of-birth-weight-and-infancy-bmi-a-path-analysis-within-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#17
C S Morgen, L Ängquist, J L Baker, A-Mn Andersen, K F Michaelsen, T I A Sørensen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prenatal risk factors for childhood overweight may operate indirectly through development in body size in early life and/or directly independent hereof. We quantified the effects of maternal and paternal body mass index (BMI), maternal age, socioeconomic position (SEP), parity, gestational weight gain, maternal smoking during pregnancy, caesarean section, birth weight, and BMI at 5 and 12 months on BMI and overweight at 7 and 11 years. METHODS: Family triads with information on maternal, paternal and child BMI at ages 7 (n=29 374) and 11 years (n=18 044) were selected from the Danish National Birth Cohort...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882122/prevalence-and-predictors-of-early-gestational-weight-gain-associated-with-obesity-risk-in-a-diverse-australian-antenatal-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
K Cheney, S Berkemeier, K A Sim, A Gordon, K Black
BACKGROUND: Excess gestational weight gain (GWG) leads to adverse short- and long-term consequences for women and their offspring. Evidence suggests that excess GWG in early pregnancy may be particularly detrimental, contributing to the intergenerational cycle of obesity. The primary outcome was to investigate the prevalence and predictors of excess GWG in early pregnancy, and if women understand the risks to themselves and their offspring stratified by maternal body mass index (BMI)...
September 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879820/effects-of-the-healthy-start-randomized-intervention-on-dietary-intake-among-obesity-prone-normal-weight-children
#19
Jeanett F Rohde, Sofus C Larsen, Lars Ängquist, Nanna J Olsen, Maria Stougaard, Erik L Mortensen, Berit L Heitmann
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the impact of a 15-month intervention on dietary intake conducted among obesity-prone normal-weight pre-school children. DESIGN: Information on dietary intake was obtained using a 4 d diet record. A diet quality index was adapted to assess how well children's diet complied with the Danish national guidelines. Linear regression per protocol and intention-to-treat analyses of differences in intakes of energy, macronutrients, fruit, vegetables, fish, sugar-sweetened beverages and diet quality index between the two groups were conducted...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877895/trajectories-of-maternal-weight-from-before-pregnancy-through-postpartum-and-associations-with-childhood-obesity
#20
Stephanie A Leonard, Kathleen M Rasmussen, Janet C King, Barbara Abrams
Background: Prepregnancy body mass index [BMI (in kg/m(2))], gestational weight gain, and postpartum weight retention may have distinct effects on the development of child obesity, but their combined effect is currently unknown.Objective: We described longitudinal trajectories of maternal weight from before pregnancy through the postpartum period and assessed the relations between maternal weight trajectories and offspring obesity in childhood.Design: We analyzed data from 4436 pairs of mothers and their children in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (1981-2014)...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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