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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810088/the-impact-of-maternal-diabetes-obesity-and-race-on-infant-birth-weights-in-south-dakota
#1
Kari L Halvorson, H Bruce Vogt, Lon Kightlinger, Dennis Stevens
INTRODUCTION: Maternal obesity, high gestational weight gain and diabetes mellitus during pregnancy are known risk factors that correlate with high infant birth weight and the mother's race. Previous studies have focused on low birth weight, prematurity and infant mortality. This study examined the interaction between race, maternal risk factors and high infant birth weights at the population level in South Dakota to identify factors contributing to the high Native American infant birth weights...
February 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807059/lower-education-predicts-poor-response-to-dietary-intervention-in-pregnancy-regardless-of-neighbourhood-affluence-secondary-analysis-from-the-rolo-randomised-control-trial
#2
Eileen C O'Brien, Goiuri Alberdi, Aisling A Geraghty, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
OBJECTIVE: To determine if response to a low glycaemic index (GI) dietary intervention, measured by changes in dietary intake and gestational weight gain, differed across women of varying socio-economic status (SES). DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of the ROLO randomised control trial. The intervention consisted of a two-hour low-GI dietary education session in early pregnancy. Change in GI was measured using 3 d food diaries pre- and post-intervention. Gestational weight gain was categorised as per the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines...
August 15, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799164/preconception-care-for-diabetic-women-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#3
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Infants born to mothers with pre-existing type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus are at greater risk of congenital anomalies, perinatal mortality and significant morbidity in the short and long term. Pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes are at greater risk of perinatal morbidity and diabetic complications. The relationship between glycaemic control and health outcomes for both mothers and infants indicates the potential for preconception care for these women to be of benefit...
August 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797671/pregnancy-after-bariatric-surgery-the-effect-of-time-to-conception-on-pregnancy-outcomes
#4
Patricia O Yau, Manish Parikh, John K Saunders, Patricia Chui, Tara Zablocki, Akuezunkpa Ude Welcome
BACKGROUND: At our medical center, female patients who have undergone bariatric surgery are advised to defer pregnancy for 2 years after surgery to avoid the following complications and their potential consequences for the fetus: inadequate gestational weight gain, inadequate postsurgical weight loss, hyperemesis gravidarum, nutritional deficiencies, gestational diabetes, and gestational hypertension. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of time from surgery to conception on pregnancy course and outcomes in bariatric patients...
July 17, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797036/first-trimester-smoking-cessation-in-pregnancy-did-not-increase-the-risk-of-preeclampsia-eclampsia-a-murmansk-county-birth-registry-study
#5
Olga A Kharkova, Andrej M Grjibovski, Alexandra Krettek, Evert Nieboer, Jon Ø Odland
BACKGROUND: Although prior studies have shown that smoking reduces preeclampsia/eclampsia risk, the consequence of giving up this habit during pregnancy should be assessed. The aims of the current study were threefold: (i) describe maternal characteristics of women with preeclampsia/eclampsia; (ii) examine a possible association between the number of cigarettes smoked daily during pregnancy and the development of this affliction; and (iii) determine if first-trimester discontinuation of smoking during pregnancy influences the risk...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795682/effects-of-antenatal-diet-and-physical-activity-on-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis-and-health-economic-evaluation
#6
Ewelina Rogozińska, Nadine Marlin, Louise Jackson, Girish Rayanagoudar, Anneloes E Ruifrok, Julie Dodds, Emma Molyneaux, Mireille Nm van Poppel, Lucilla Poston, Christina A Vinter, Fionnuala McAuliffe, Jodie M Dodd, Julie Owens, Ruben Barakat, Maria Perales, Jose G Cecatti, Fernanda Surita, SeonAe Yeo, Annick Bogaerts, Roland Devlieger, Helena Teede, Cheryce Harrison, Lene Haakstad, Garry X Shen, Alexis Shub, Nermeen El Beltagy, Narges Motahari, Janette Khoury, Serena Tonstad, Riitta Luoto, Tarja I Kinnunen, Kym Guelfi, Fabio Facchinetti, Elisabetta Petrella, Suzanne Phelan, Tânia T Scudeller, Kathrin Rauh, Hans Hauner, Kristina Renault, Christianne Jm de Groot, Linda R Sagedal, Ingvild Vistad, Signe Nilssen Stafne, Siv Mørkved, Kjell Å Salvesen, Dorte M Jensen, Márcia Vitolo, Arne Astrup, Nina Rw Geiker, Sally Kerry, Pelham Barton, Tracy Roberts, Richard D Riley, Arri Coomarasamy, Ben Willem Mol, Khalid S Khan, Shakila Thangaratinam
BACKGROUND: Diet- and physical activity-based interventions in pregnancy have the potential to alter maternal and child outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether or not the effects of diet and lifestyle interventions vary in subgroups of women, based on maternal body mass index (BMI), age, parity, Caucasian ethnicity and underlying medical condition(s), by undertaking an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis. We also evaluated the association of gestational weight gain (GWG) with adverse pregnancy outcomes and assessed the cost-effectiveness of the interventions...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793991/trial-of-ready-to-use-supplemental-food-and-corn-soy-blend-in-pregnant-malawian-women-with-moderate-malnutrition-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Meghan Callaghan-Gillespie, Andrew A Schaffner, Patsy Garcia, Jocelyn Fry, Rachael Eckert, Shirin Malek, Indi Trehan, Chrissie Thakwalakwa, Kenneth M Maleta, Mark J Manary, Peggy C Papathakis
Background: Malnutrition during pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa is associated with poor birth outcomes.Objective: This study compared maternal and offspring anthropometry for moderately malnourished pregnant women receiving ready-to-use supplemental food (RUSF), a fortified corn-soy blend (CSB+) with a daily multiple micronutrient antenatal supplement [United Nations International Multiple Micronutrient Preparation (UNIMMAP)], or standard of care comprising CSB+ and iron and folic acid (IFA).Design: A single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in southern Malawi among 1828 pregnant women with moderate malnutrition, defined as a midupper arm circumference (MUAC) ≥20...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793989/early-enteral-tube-feeding-in-optimizing-treatment-of-hyperemesis-gravidarum-the-maternal-and-offspring-outcomes-after-treatment-of-hyperemesis-by-refeeding-mother-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Iris J Grooten, Marjette H Koot, Joris Am van der Post, Joke Mj Bais, Carrie Ris-Stalpers, Christiana Naaktgeboren, Henk A Bremer, David P van der Ham, Wieteke M Heidema, Anjoke Huisjes, Gunilla Kleiverda, Simone Kuppens, Judith Oeh van Laar, Josje Langenveld, Flip van der Made, Mariëlle G van Pampus, Dimitri Papatsonis, Marie-José Pelinck, Paula J Pernet, Leonie van Rheenen, Robbert J Rijnders, Hubertina Cj Scheepers, Tatjana E Vogelvang, Ben W Mol, Tessa J Roseboom, Rebecca C Painter
Background: Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) leads to dehydration, poor nutritional intake, and weight loss. HG has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as low birth weight. Information about the potential effectiveness of treatments for HG is limited.Objective: We hypothesized that in women with HG, early enteral tube feeding in addition to standard care improves birth weight.Design: We performed a multicenter, open-label randomized controlled trial [Maternal and Offspring outcomes after Treatment of HyperEmesis by Refeeding (MOTHER)] in 19 hospitals in the Netherlands...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791980/the-influence-of-maternal-anthropometric-characteristics-on-the-birth-size-of-term-singleton-south-east-nigerian-newborn-infants
#9
C U Onubogu, I Egbuonu, E F Ugochukwu, A S Nwabueze, O Ugochukwu
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the usefulness of maternal anthropometry in predicting the birth size of term singleton newborn infants at NAUTH, Nnewi, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 301 mother/newborn infant pairs. RESULTS: The mean birth weight was 3.27 ± 0.60 kg whereas the incidence of low birth weight and fetal macrosomia were 8.0% and 11.3%, respectively. The anthropometric indices varied in their ability to detect newborn babies who experienced abnormal intrauterine growth...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782412/gestational-weight-gain-in-obese-pregnancy-impact-on-maternal-and-foetal-metabolic-parameters-and-birthweight
#10
Karen L Lindsay, Lorraine Brennan, Ann Rath, Orla C Maguire, Thomas Smith, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
The aim of this prospective, observational study was to investigate the impact of gestational weight gain (GWG) among euglycaemic obese pregnant women on maternal and foetal metabolic parameters and neonatal outcome. Total GWG was recorded for 101 obese, non-diabetic women with a singleton pregnancy. At 28 weeks of gestation, fasting maternal blood samples were analysed for glucose, insulin, c-peptide and lipids. Cord bloods were collected at delivery for analysis of glucose, c-peptide and lipids. GWG (mean ± SD =10...
August 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780912/exercise-during-pregnancy-and-its-impact-on-mothers-and-offspring-in-humans-and-mice
#11
N Ferrari, I Bae-Gartz, C Bauer, R Janoschek, I Koxholt, E Mahabir, S Appel, M A Alejandre Alcazar, N Grossmann, C Vohlen, K Brockmeier, J Dötsch, E Hucklenbruch-Rother, C Graf
Exercise during pregnancy has beneficial effects on maternal and offspring's health in humans and mice. The underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This comparative study aimed to determine the long-term effects of an exercise program on metabolism, weight gain, body composition and changes in hormones [insulin, leptin, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)]. Pregnant women (n=34) and mouse dams (n=44) were subjected to an exercise program compared with matched controls (period I). Follow-up in the offspring was performed over 6 months in humans, corresponding to postnatal day (P) 21 in mice (period II)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780682/assessing-the-risk-of-having-small-for-gestational-age-newborns-among-lebanese-underweight-and-normal-pre-pregnancy-weight-women
#12
Rym El Rafei, Hussein A Abbas, Hind Alameddine, Ayah Al Bizri, Imad Melki, Khalid A Yunis
Introduction It has been established that underweight women with low gestational weight gain (GWG) are at a higher risk of having Small for Gestational Age (SGA) newborns. However, the association remains poorly studied in Middle Eastern societies exhibiting different ethnic groups, genetic predisposing factors along with differences in nutritional food intake during pregnancy. The aim of this study is to assess the risk of having a SGA newborn among underweight and normal weight BMI women while studying the role of GWG in this association...
August 5, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780476/health-behaviour-information-provided-to-clients-during-midwife-led-prenatal-booking-visits-findings-from-video-analyses
#13
Ruth Baron, Linda Martin, Janneke T Gitsels-van der Wal, Janneke Noordman, Martijn W Heymans, Evelien R Spelten, Johannes Brug, Eileen K Hutton
OBJECTIVE: to quantify to what extent evidence-based health behaviour topics relevant for pregnancy are discussed with clients during midwife-led prenatal booking visits and to assess the association of client characteristics with the extent of information provided. DESIGN: quantitative video analyses. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 173 video recordings of prenatal booking visits with primary care midwives and clients in the Netherlands taking place between August 2010 and April 2011...
July 10, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771519/the-effects-of-various-diets-on-glycemic-outcomes-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#14
Vanessa Ha, Ashley J Bonner, Jaynendr K Jadoo, Joseph Beyene, Sonia S Anand, Russell J de Souza
AIMS: Evidence to support dietary modifications to improve glycemia during pregnancy is limited, and the benefits of diet beyond limiting gestational weight gain is unclear. Therefore, a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized trials was conducted to compare the effects of various common diets, stratified by the addition of gestational weight gain advice, on fasting glucose and insulin, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in pregnant women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771289/screening-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-based-on-different-risk-profiles-and-settings-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#15
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Andrew J McPhee, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that occurs in pregnancy. Although GDM usually resolves following birth, it is associated with significant morbidities for mothers and their infants in the short and long term. There is strong evidence to support treatment for GDM. However, there is uncertainty as to whether or not screening all pregnant women for GDM will improve maternal and infant health and if so, the most appropriate setting for screening. This review updates a Cochrane Review, first published in 2010, and subsequently updated in 2014...
August 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768569/tissue-cell-stress-response-to-obesity-and-its-interaction-with-late-gestation-diet
#16
Vivek Saroha, Neele S Dellschaft, Duane H Keisler, David S Gardner, Helen Budge, Sylvain P Sebert, Michael E Symonds
Intrauterine growth restriction in late pregnancy can contribute to adverse long-term metabolic health in the offspring. In the present study we used an animal (sheep) model of maternal dietary manipulation in late pregnancy, combined with exposure of the offspring to a low-activity, obesogenic environment after weaning, to characterise the effects on glucose homeostasis. Dizygotic twin-pregnant sheep were either fed to 60% of requirements (nutrient restriction (R)) or fed ad libitum (~140% of requirements (A)) from 110 days gestation until term (~147 days)...
August 3, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767281/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764678/the-specific-and-combined-role-of-domestic-violence-and-mental-health-disorders-during-pregnancy-on-new-born-health
#18
Alexandre Archanjo Ferraro, Luis Augusto Rohde, Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk, Adriana Argeu, Euripides Constantino Miguel, Sandra Josefina Ferraz Ellero Grisi, Bacy Fleitlich-Bilyk
BACKGROUND: Addressing impaired foetal growth is recognized as a public health priority. Certain risk factors for this condition, such as poor nutritional status at birth, have been found to be highly correlated with poverty. However, the role of psychosocial factors, specifically the mother's mental health and exposure to violence during pregnancy, have yet to be further explored. Our objective was to determine if there is a measurable association between combined psychosocial factors, specifically domestic violence and mental disorders, and birth outcomes, specifically birth nutritional status and preterm delivery...
August 1, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763446/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-interpregnancy-weight-change-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
L M Sorbye, R Skjaerven, K Klungsoyr, N H Morken
BACKGROUND: Being overweight is an important risk factor for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), but the underlying mechanisms are not understood. Weight change between pregnancies has been suggested to be an independent mechanism behind GDM. We assessed the risk for GDM in second pregnancy by change in Body Mass Index (BMI) from first to second pregnancy and whether BMI and gestational weight gain modified the risk. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In this observational cohort, we included 24,198 mothers and their 2 first pregnancies in data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (2006-2014)...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762666/developmental-toxicity-evaluation-of-pimenta-pseudocaryophyllus-gomes-landrum-e-methyl-isoeugenol-chemotype-in-wistar-rats
#20
Bruce Soares Cardoso, Katia Borges Machado, José Realino de Paula, Joelma Abadia Marciano de Paula, Wilson de Melo Cuvinel, Vanessa Cristiane Santana Amaral
BACKGROUND: Pimenta pseudocaryophyllus (Gomes) Landrum (Myrtaceae) has been traditionally used in Brazilian folk medicine. Studies have established the botanical characterization, phytochemistry profile, and pharmacological potential of this species, including antibiotic, anxiolytic, antidepressant, antioxidant, antinociceptive, and anti-inflammatory properties. Despite its widespread use, no previous study has been conducted regarding its toxicological profile, especially during pregnancy...
August 1, 2017: Birth defects research
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