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Pregnancy Weight gain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160923/pregnancy-weight-gain-by-gestational-age-and-stillbirth-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Kari Johansson, Jennifer A Hutcheon, Lisa M Bodnar, Sven Cnattingius, Olof Stephansson
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between total and early pregnancy (<22 completed weeks) weight gain and risk of stillbirth, stratified by early-pregnancy body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Stockholm-Gotland Region, Sweden. POPULATION: Pregnant women with singleton births (n=160,560). METHODS: Pregnancy weight gain was standardized into gestational age-specific z-scores...
November 21, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156548/patient-provider-communication-and-counseling-about-gestational-weight-gain-and-physical-activity-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perceptions-and-experiences-of-latinas-pregnant-with-their-first-child
#2
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Mary L Greaney, Marcia M Tavares Machado, Gabriela P De Andrade
Latina women in the United States (U.S.) are disproportionately affected by obesity and are more likely to begin pregnancy overweight and gain excessive weight during pregnancy. The prenatal care period represents a window of opportunity for women to access the healthcare system and receive preventive services, education, nutritional support, and other social services to improve pregnancy outcomes. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) has numerous negative short- and long-term consequences for both the mother and newborn...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156189/obesity-in-pregnancy-optimizing-outcomes-for-mom-and-baby
#3
REVIEW
Heidi Dutton, Sarah Jean Borengasser, Laura Marie Gaudet, Linda A Barbour, Erin Joanne Keely
Obesity is common in women of childbearing age, and management of this population around the time of pregnancy involves specific challenges. Weight and medical comorbidities should be optimized both before and during pregnancy. During pregnancy, gestational weight gain should be limited, comorbidities should be appropriately screened for and managed, and fetal health should be monitored. Consideration should be given to the optimal timing of delivery and to reducing surgical and anesthetic complications. In the postpartum period, breastfeeding and weight loss should be promoted...
January 2018: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154942/levels-of-palmitic-acid-ester-of-hydroxystearic-acid-pahsa-are-reduced-in-the-breast-milk-of-obese-mothers
#4
Marie Brezinova, Ondrej Kuda, Jana Hansikova, Martina Rombaldova, Laurence Balas, Kristina Bardova, Thierry Durand, Martin Rossmeisl, Marcela Cerna, Zbynek Stranak, Jan Kopecky
To achieve optimal development of a newborn, breastfeeding is extensively recommended, but little is known about the role of non-nutritive bioactive milk components. We aimed to characterize the fatty acid esters of hydroxy fatty acids (FAHFAs), namely palmitic acid hydroxystearic acids (PAHSAs)-endogenous lipids with anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic properties, in human breast milk. Breast milk samples from 30 lean (BMI=19-23) and 23 obese (BMI>30) women were collected 72h postpartum. Adipose tissue and milk samples were harvested from C57BL/6J mice...
November 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154467/central-and-peripheral-leptin-and-agouti-related-protein-during-and-after-pregnancy-in-relation-to-weight-change
#5
Ulrika Andersson Hall, Pernilla Svedin, Ulf Andreasson, Magnus Gren, Ameli Ingemansson, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow, Aurimantas Pelanis, Carina Mallard, Agneta Holmäng
OBJECTIVE: To study changes of neuropeptides and adipokines in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum from pregnancy to post-pregnancy in relation to weight changes, fat mass and glucose metabolism. CONTEXT: With high postpartum weight retention being a risk factor in future pregnancies and of life-long obesity we evaluated neuropeptide and adipokine changes in women who either gained weight or were weight stable. DESIGN: Women were followed for 5±1 years after pregnancy and divided into two groups, Weight-Stable and Weight-Gain, by weight change from start of pregnancy...
November 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153686/progression-of-gestational-hypertension-to-pre-eclampsia-a-cohort-study-of-20-103-pregnancies
#6
Kuo-Hu Chen, Kok-Min Seow, Li-Ru Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate previously un-identified risk factors for the progression of gestational hypertension (GH) to pre-eclampsia (PE) by considering Grade III preterm placental calcification (PPC) and excessive weight gain (≧10kgw) at 28weeks gestation. METHODS: At a tertiary teaching hospital, obstetric ultrasonography was performed at 28weeks gestation to establish a diagnosis of grade III PPC. Weight gain during pregnancy was recorded at the same time...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144057/prepregnancy-body-mass-index-gestational-weight-gain-and-odds-of-cesarean-delivery-in-hispanic-women
#7
Megan W Harvey, Barry Braun, Karen A Ertel, Penelope S Pekow, Glenn Markenson, Lisa Chasan-Taber
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the association between prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG), and cesarean delivery in Hispanics. METHODS: We examined these associations among 1,215 participants in Proyecto Buena Salud, a prospective cohort of Hispanic women studied from 2006 to 2011. Prepregnancy BMI, GWG, and the mode of delivery were abstracted from medical records. RESULTS: A quarter of the participants entered pregnancy with obesity, 23% delivered via cesarean, and 52% exceeded the Institute of Medicine guidelines for GWG...
November 16, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142651/prevention-of-insulin-resistance-by-dietary-intervention-among-pregnant-mothers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Masoomeh Goodarzi-Khoigani, Seyed Saeed Mazloomy Mahmoodabad, Mohammad Hossein Baghiani Moghadam, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Farahnaz Mardanian, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Azam Dadkhah-Tirani
Background: Chronic insulin resistance (IR) is a basic part of the pathophysiology of gestational diabetes mellitus. Nutrition significantly impacts IR and weight loss reduces insulin levels, whereas weight gain increases the concentrations. Therefore, we surveyed the effect of nutrition intervention on IR in pregnant women and whether this effect is irrespective of weight gaining in accordance with Institute of Medicine limits. Methods: This prospective, randomized clinical trial was carried out among 150 primiparous pregnant mothers in fifteen health centers, five hospitals, and 15 private obstetrical offices in Isfahan...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142039/risk-factors-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-exposure-to-cigarette-smoke-and-air-pollution-from-pregnancy-to-disease-diagnosis
#9
Camila Maria Paiva França, Adriana Maluf Elias Sallum, Alfésio Luis Ferreira Braga, Fernando Louzada Strufaldi, Clovis Artur Almeida Silva, Sylvia Costa Lima Farhat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate exposure to environmental factors inhaled during pregnancy and after birth until juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) diagnosis among residents of a large city. METHODS: This is an exploratory case-control study that consists of 66 patients with JIA and 124 healthy controls matched by age and sex, living in the São Paulo, Brazil, metropolitan area until JIA diagnosis, and whose mothers had resided in this region during pregnancy. A structured and reliable questionnaire (κ index for test-retest was 0...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138209/healthcare-providers-gestational-weight-gain-counselling-practises-and-the-influence-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study
#10
Jill Morris, Hara Nikolopoulos, Tanya Berry, Venu Jain, Michael Vallis, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Rhonda C Bell
OBJECTIVE: To understand current gestational weight gain (GWG) counselling practices of healthcare providers, and the relationships between practices, knowledge and attitudes. DESIGN: Concurrent mixed methods with data integration: cross-sectional survey and semistructured interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Prenatal healthcare providers in Canada: general practitioners, obstetricians, midwives, nurse practitioners and registered nurses in primary care settings...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137874/investigating-antenatal-nutrition-education-preferences-in-south-east-queensland-including-maori-and-pasifika-women
#11
Andrea Cruickshank, Helen E Porteous, Michelle A Palmer
BACKGROUND: Little is reported about the nutrition-related needs and preferences of women seeking maternity services, particularly Maori and Pasifika (M&P) women who have higher chronic disease rates in Queensland. AIM: Nutrition-related knowledge, needs, behaviours and education preferences were compared between women of M&P ancestry and non-Maori and Pasifika women (NMP). METHOD: Women (≥18 years) admitted to the postnatal ward were surveyed...
November 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136189/serum-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-treatment-outcomes-among-women-undergoing-assisted-reproduction
#12
Y-H Chiu, A E Karmon, A J Gaskins, M Arvizu, P L Williams, I Souter, B R Rueda, R Hause, J E Chavarro
STUDY QUESTION: Are serum polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) concentrations, including omega-3 (ω3-PUFA) and omega-6 (ω6-PUFA), related to ART outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Serum levels of long-chain ω3-PUFA were positively associated with probability of live birth among women undergoing ART. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Intake of ω3-PUFA improves oocyte and embryo quality in animal and human studies. However, a recent cohort study found no relation between circulating ω3-PUFA levels and pregnancy rates after ART...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136159/associations-between-maternal-lifestyle-factors-and-neonatal-body-composition-in-the-screening-for-pregnancy-endpoints-cork-cohort-study
#13
Darren L Dahly, Xia Li, Hazel A Smith, Ali S Khashan, Deirdre M Murray, Mairead E Kiely, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Fergus P McCarthy, Louise C Kenny, Patricia M Kearney
Background: Neonatal body composition likely mediates fetal influences on life long chronic disease risk. A better understanding of how maternal lifestyle is related to newborn body composition could thus inform intervention efforts. Methods: Using Cork participant data (n = 1754) from the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) cohort study [ECM5(10)05/02/08], we estimated how pre-pregnancy body size, gestational weight gain, exercise, alcohol, smoking and diet were related to neonatal fat and fat-free mass, as well as length and gestational age at birth, using quantile regression...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134477/difference-in-the-size-of-the-placenta-and-umbilical-cord-between-women-with-natural-pregnancy-and-those-with-ivf-pregnancy
#14
Atsushi Yanaihara, Shota Hatakeyama, Shirei Ohgi, Kenichirou Motomura, Ryoma Taniguchi, Aguri Hirano, Shin Takenaka, Takumi Yanaihara
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the sizes of the placenta and umbilical cord in women with natural pregnancy versus those undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: Overall, 1610 cases of uncomplicated single pregnancies with vaginal delivery at ≥ 37 weeks of gestation were included in this study. The patients were divided into two groups: natural pregnancy group (n = 1453) and IVF pregnancy not including intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment (n = 157)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132221/2009-iom-guidelines-for-gestational-weight-gain-how-well-do-they-predict-outcomes-across-ethnic-groups
#15
Amal R Khanolkar, Gillian E Hanley, Ilona Koupil, Patricia A Janssen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Institute Of Medicine's (IOM) 2009 guidelines for weight-gain during pregnancy are predictive of maternal and infant outcomes in ethnic minority populations. METHODS: We designed a population-based study using administrative data on 181,948 women who delivered live singleton births in Washington State between 2006-2008. We examined risks of gestational hypertension, preeclampsia/eclampsia, cesarean delivery, and extended hospital stay in White, Black, Native-American, East-Asian, Hispanic, South-Asian and Hawaiian/Pacific islander women according to whether they gained more or less weight during pregnancy than recommended by IOM guidelines...
November 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131740/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131068/maternal-cannabinoid-use-alters-cannabinoid-cb1-and-endothelin-etb-receptor-expression-in-the-brains-of-dams-but-not-their-offspring
#17
Aarti Amlani, Mary G Hornick, Kevin Cooper, Preetha Prazad, Ramona Donovan, Anil Gulati
According to the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, cannabis (marijuana) is the most commonly used recreational drug in the US. Among pregnant women aged 14-55 years, 3.4% were cannabis users. Presently, little is known about the neurodevelopmental effect of cannabis use during pregnancy and/or nursing on neonates. Endothelin (ET) is essential for normal development of the central nervous system (CNS). Decreases in ETB receptor expression correlate with a decline in nerve growth factor (NGF) and an increase in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in postnatal brain...
November 4, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130713/-gestational-weight-gain-and-postpartum-weight-retention-in-a-cohort-of-women-in-aragon-spain
#18
Enrique Ramón-Arbués, Blanca Martínez Abadía, Susana Martín Gómez
OBJECTIVES: To describe gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention in women classified by pre-pregnancy body mass index BMI). METHODS: Prospective cohort study with a sample of 301 women. Weight was evaluated throughout pregnancy and puerperium. Multilinear regression models were performed to assess determinants of gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention by pre-gestationalBMI categories. RESULTS: During pregnancy, 36...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129541/weight-gain-in-early-pregnancy-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-among-latinas
#19
T A Moore Simas, M E Waring, K Callaghan, K Leung, M Ward Harvey, A Buabbud, L Chasan-Taber
AIM: To evaluate the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) in early pregnancy and incidence of abnormal glucose tolerance (AGT) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among Latinas. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 2039 Latinas using pooled data from two medical centres in Massachusetts. Gestational weights were abstracted from medical records and GWG was categorized as low, appropriate and excessive according to 2009 Institute of Medicine Guidelines...
November 9, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129039/combined-diet-and-exercise-interventions-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#20
REVIEW
Emily Shepherd, Judith C Gomersall, Joanna Tieu, Shanshan Han, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a wide range of adverse health consequences for women and their infants in the short and long term. With an increasing prevalence of GDM worldwide, there is an urgent need to assess strategies for GDM prevention, such as combined diet and exercise interventions. This is an update of a Cochrane review that was first published in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet interventions in combination with exercise interventions for pregnant women for preventing GDM, and associated adverse health consequences for the mother and her infant/child...
November 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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