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Pregnancy Weight gain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792061/diet-and-exercise-for-preeclampsia-prevention-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Argyro Syngelaki, Miguel Sequeira Campos, Stephanie Roberge, Walkyria Andrade, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of diet and/or exercise in overweight or obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials examining the effect of diet and/or exercise interventions in overweight and obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia (PE) and hypertensive disorders. We completed a literature search through PubMed, Embase, Cinahl, Web of science, Cochrane CENTRAL Library from their earliest entries to November 2017 and from references of other systematic reviews...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791594/low-protein-diet-does-not-alter-reproductive-biochemical-and-hematological-parameters-in-pregnant-wistar-rats
#2
M A V Barros, E B Andrade, R G N Barros, I K M Costa, I C L Costa, G F A Vitorino, J J C Andrade, K M Paulino-Silva, V O Nogueira, J L de Brito Alves, J H Costa-Silva
The aim of this study was to investigate the reproductive, biochemical, and hematological outcomes of pregnant rats exposed to protein restriction. Wistar rat dams were fed a control normal-protein (NP, 17% protein, n=8) or a low-protein (LP, 8% protein, n=14) diet from the 1st to the 20th day of pregnancy. On the 20th day, the clinical signs of toxicity were evaluated. The pregnant rats were then anesthetized and blood samples were collected for biochemical-hematological analyses, and laparotomy was performed to evaluate reproductive parameters...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790945/the-effects-of-protein-supplementation-of-fall-calving-beef-cows-on-pre-and-postpartum-plasma-insulin-glucose-and-igf-i-and-postnatal-growth-and-plasma-insulin-and-igf-i-of-calves
#3
Kyle J McLean, Brit H Boehmer, Leon J Spicer, Robert P Wettemann
Fall calving (September to October) cows (n = 189 calvings in 5 replications; body weight [BW] = 626 ± 6 kg, body condition score [BCS] = 4.76 ± 0.06) grazing native dormant range were used to determine the effects of protein supplementation on performance and endocrine function of cows and calves. Cows were individually fed either a control (CON; 1.82 kg/d of 38% crude protein [CP]) or restricted (RES; 0.2 kg/d of 8% CP) protein supplement from mid-November to mid-March for 6 consecutive years. During each year, cows were reassigned dietary treatments according to calving date and BCS, and half of the CON and half of the RES cows remained on the same diets as the previous year and the other halves were assigned to the other diet...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785874/-because-the-baby-asks-for-it-a-mixed-methods-study-on-local-perceptions-toward-nutrition-during-pregnancy-among-marginalised-migrant-women-along-the-myanmar-thailand-border
#4
Ahmar H Hashmi, Moo Kho Paw, Suphak Nosten, Mu Chae Darakamon, Mary Ellen Gilder, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, Verena I Carrara, Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Emma Plugge, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Under- and over-nutrition during pregnancy are known risk factors for pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes. Understanding perceptions around nutrition in pregnancy can create culturally appropriate interventions for improved health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: A mixed-methods study was performed to explore local perceptions and practices of diet and physical activity in pregnancy in a marginalised population along the Myanmar-Thailand border...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778786/body-weight-and-breast-cancer-nested-case-control-study-in-southern-brazil
#5
Natália Luiza Kops, Marina Bessel, Maira Caleffi, Rodrigo Antonini Ribeiro, Eliana Marcia Wendland
BACKGROUND: Current studies have shown that fast weight gain may be more important than body mass index on the incidence of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between body weight and breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study nested in a cohort of a breast cancer mammography screening program in Southern Brazil. A trained investigator administered a standardized interview to collect sociodemographic and clinical data, and body weight history (weight at menarche, at marriage, at first and last pregnancy, and at menopause)...
April 28, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777240/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-women-with-excessive-weight-gain-during-pregnancy-and-in-their-offspring-at-age-5-6-years
#6
Gemma Carreras-Badosa, Cristina Armero-Bujaldón, Laia Solé-Amat, Anna Prats-Puig, Ferran Díaz-Roldán, Pilar Soriano-Rodriguez, Francis de Zegher, Lourdes Ibañez, Judit Bassols, Abel López-Bermejo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels [25(OH)D] may increase the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). In pregnant women excessive weight gain and 25(OH)D deficiency are common complications and both could have deleterious consequences on their children. We aimed to study the relationship between serum 25(OH)D and CVD risk factors in pregnant women and in their offspring at school age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Fasting serum 25(OH)D and its bioavailable fraction were quantified in 310 healthy pregnant women [with adequate (n = 113), insufficient (n = 113) and excessive (n = 84) weight gain]...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776801/determinants-of-a-good-perinatal-outcome-in-588-pregnancies-in-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#7
J Lepercq, C Le Ray, C Godefroy, L Pelage, D Dubois-Laforgue, J Timsit
AIM: This study assessed pregnancy outcomes in women with type 1 diabetes (T1D) over the last 15 years and identified modifiable factors associated with good perinatal outcomes. METHODS: Pregnancy outcomes were prospectively assessed in this cohort study of 588 singleton pregnancies (441 women) managed by standardized care from 2000 to 2014. A good perinatal outcome was defined as the uncomplicated delivery of a normally formed, non-macrosomic, full-term infant with no neonatal morbidity...
May 8, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776399/simulation-based-power-calculations-for-planning-a-two-stage-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#8
Joie Ensor, Danielle L Burke, Kym I E Snell, Karla Hemming, Richard D Riley
BACKGROUND: Researchers and funders should consider the statistical power of planned Individual Participant Data (IPD) meta-analysis projects, as they are often time-consuming and costly. We propose simulation-based power calculations utilising a two-stage framework, and illustrate the approach for a planned IPD meta-analysis of randomised trials with continuous outcomes where the aim is to identify treatment-covariate interactions. METHODS: The simulation approach has four steps: (i) specify an underlying (data generating) statistical model for trials in the IPD meta-analysis; (ii) use readily available information (e...
May 18, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774465/effect-of-inositol-stereoisomers-at-different-dosages-in-gestational-diabetes-an-open-label-parallel-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Federica Fraticelli, Claudio Celentano, Isaia Al Zecca, Giacoma Di Vieste, Basilio Pintaudi, Marco Liberati, Marica Franzago, Marta Di Nicola, Ester Vitacolonna
AIMS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most common metabolic disorder of pregnancy. The aim of the study is to compare the effect of different dosages of inositol stereoisomers supplementation on insulin resistance levels and several maternal-fetal outcomes in GDM women. METHODS: Participants were randomly allocated to receive daily: 400 mcg folic acid (control treatment), 4000 mg myo-inositol plus 400 mcg folic acid (MI treatment), 500 mg D-chiro-inositol plus 400 mcg folic acid (DCI treatment) or 1100/27...
May 17, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772083/effects-of-prenatal-stress-on-anxiety-and-depressive-like-behaviors-are-sex-specific-in-prepubertal-rats
#10
Ann Mary Iturra-Mena, Marcia Arriagada-Solimano, Ariane Luttecke-Anders, Alexies Dagnino-Subiabre
The fetal brain is highly susceptible to stress in late pregnancy, with lifelong effects of stress on physiology and behavior. The aim of this study was to determine the physiological and behavioral effects of prenatal stress during the prepubertal period of female and male rats. We subjected pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats to a restraint stress protocol from gestational day 14 until 21, a critical period for fetal brain susceptibility to stress effects. Male and female offspring were subsequently assessed at postnatal day 24 for anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors, and spontaneous social interaction...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770760/adherence-to-the-new-nordic-diet-during-pregnancy-and-subsequent-maternal-weight-development-a-study-conducted-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study-moba
#11
Marianne Skreden, Elisabet R Hillesund, Andrew K Wills, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Elling Bere, Nina C Øverby
The rising prevalence of overweight and obesity is a worldwide public health challenge. Pregnancy and beyond is a potentially important window for future weight gain in women. We investigated associations between maternal adherence to the New Nordic diet (NND) during pregnancy and maternal BMI trajectories from delivery to 8 years post delivery. Data are from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort. Pregnant women from all of Norway were recruited between 1999 and 2008, and 55 056 are included in the present analysis...
June 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767680/propensity-for-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-african-american-women-may-be-explained-by-low-energy-expenditure-in-early-pregnancy
#12
Jasper Most, L Anne Gilmore, Abby D Altazan, Marshall St Amant, Robbie A Beyl, Eric Ravussin, Leanne M Redman
Background: African-American (AA) women have poorer pregnancy outcomes and studies in nonpregnant women suggest a different etiology of weight gain in AA compared with white women. We hypothesized that physiologic factors such as low energy expenditure and physical activity would be present in AA compared with white women in pregnancy. Objective: We aimed to identify physiologic risk factors for disordered energy balance in AA and white women early in pregnancy...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764575/-association-between-overweight-obesity-in-parents-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-offspring
#13
Ting Qiu, Bing-Bing Guo, Li-Zhen Wang, Heng Zhang, Yin Xu, Xin-Ye Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between overweight/obesity in parents before maternal pregnancy and the development of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in offspring. METHODS: A total of 36 children who were diagnosed with ASD (ASD group) and 72 normal children matched for sex and age (control group) were enrolled. A questionnaire survey was performed to collect the general information, including body height and body weight of parents before maternal pregnancy and maternal weight gain during pregnancy...
May 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763993/weight-gain-during-pregnancy
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758544/conduct-and-reporting-of-acceptability-attitudes-beliefs-and-experiences-of-pregnant-women-in-randomised-trials-on-diet-and-lifestyle-interventions-a-systematic-review
#15
E Adela A Hamilton, Ann K Nowell, Angela Harden, Shakila Thangaratinam
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the conduct and reporting of views of pregnant women on the acceptability, attitudes, beliefs and their experiences in randomised trials on diet and lifestyle interventions. STUDY DESIGN: We undertook a systematic review of literature of randomised trials identified from our previous search in major electronic databases (until February 2017) without language restrictions. We included trials on diet and lifestyle interventions that reported acceptability, attitudes, beliefs and experiences of pregnant women...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758115/antepartum-care-of-women-who-are-obese-during-pregnancy-systematic-review-of-the-current-evidence
#16
REVIEW
Nicole S Carlson, Sharon Lynn Leslie, Alexis Dunn
INTRODUCTION: Nearly 40% of US women of childbearing age are obese. Obesity during pregnancy is associated with multiple risks for both the woman and fetus, yet clinicians often feel unprepared to provide optimal antepartum care for this group of women. We collected and reviewed current evidence concerning antepartum care of women who are obese during pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review using PRISMA guidelines. Current evidence relating to the pregnancy care of women with a prepregnancy body mass index of 30kg/m2 or higher was identified using MEDLINE databases via PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science Core Collection between January 2012 and February 2018...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757063/gut-microbiota-composition-in-mid-pregnancy-is-associated-with-gestational-weight-gain-but-not-prepregnancy-body-mass-index
#17
Anna-Katariina Aatsinki, Henna-Maria Uusitupa, Eveliina Munukka, Henri Pesonen, Anniina Rintala, Sami Pietilä, Leo Lahti, Erkki Eerola, Linnea Karlsson, Hasse Karlsson
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a time of numerous hormonal, metabolic, and immunological changes for both the mother and the fetus. Furthermore, maternal gut microbiota composition (GMC) is altered during pregnancy. One major factor affecting GMC in pregnant and nonpregnant populations is obesity. The aim was to analyze associations between maternal overweight/obesity, as well as gestational weight gain (GWG) and GMC. Moreover, the modifying effect of depression and anxiety symptom scores on weight and GMC were investigated...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748651/advances-in-assessing-body-composition-during-pregnancy
#18
REVIEW
Jasper Most, Kara Lynn Marlatt, Abby Duhé Altazan, Leanne Maree Redman
The prevalence of excess gestational weight gain is increasing worldwide and is associated with pregnancy complications, including gestational diabetes mellitus, pre-eclampsia, preterm birth, macrosomia, and development of obesity in offspring. Whereas gestational weight gain positively correlates with the gain in fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (FFM) gain is relatively consistent across pregnancies. Commonly used methods to assess body composition include anthropometry, densitometry (air displacement plethysmography, underwater weighing), and hydrometry (isotope dilution, bioimpedance analysis)...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744612/maternal-non-glycemic-contributors-to-fetal-growth-in-obesity-and-gestational-diabetes-spotlight-on-lipids
#19
REVIEW
Linda A Barbour, Teri L Hernandez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Excess fetal growth is increasingly recognized as a risk factor for childhood obesity, and mounting evidence supports that maternal glucose is not the only driver. This review focuses on the role of clinically applicable maternal non-glycemic contributors to excess fetal growth, particularly lipids, in addition to amino acids (AA), insulin resistance, inflammation, maternal nutrition, and gestational weight gain (GWG) in obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)...
May 9, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743026/the-effectiveness-of-an-online-intervention-in-preventing-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-the-e-moms-roc-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Christine M Olson, Susan W Groth, Meredith L Graham, Jennifer E Reschke, Myla S Strawderman, Isabel Diana Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is common and contributes to the development of obesity in women and their offspring. Electronic or e-health interventions have the potential to reach large groups of women and prevent excessive GWG, but their effectiveness has not been demonstrated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in a real-world setting, the effectiveness of a self-directed, integrated online and mobile phone behavioral intervention in preventing excessive GWG...
May 9, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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