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Pregnancy Weight gain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224678/microbiome-autoimmunity-allergy-and-helminth-infection-the-importance-of-the-pregnancy-period
#1
Xian Chen, Su Liu, Qiao Tan, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Yong Zeng
Pregnancy is a special physical period in reproductive age women, which has a beneficial influence on the course of certain autoimmune diseases. It has been recently suggested that the microbiome undergoes profound changes during pregnancy that are associated with host physiological and immunological adaptations. The maternal microbiome remodeling during pregnancy is an active response of the mother, possibly to alter immune system status and to facilitate metabolic and immunological adaptations, which are needed for a successful pregnancy...
February 21, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220604/a-mobile-health-intervention-promoting-healthy-gestational-weight-gain-for-women-entering-pregnancy-at-a-high-body-mass-index-the-txt4two-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
J C Willcox, S A Wilkinson, M Lappas, K Ball, D Crawford, E A McCarthy, B Fjeldsoe, R Whittaker, R Maddison, K J Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an mHealth intervention promoting healthy diet, physical activity and gestational weight gain in pregnant women. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: Australian tertiary obstetric hospital. POPULATION: One hundred pregnant women who were overweight or obese prior to pregnancy. METHODS: Women recruited at the first antenatal clinic visit were randomised to either an intervention or a control group...
February 20, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218564/-a-brief-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-risk-factors-and-current-criteria-of-diagnosis
#3
Zahra Al-Aissa, Orsolya Hadarits, Klára Rosta, András Zóka, János Rigó, Gábor Firneisz, Anikó Somogyi
Diabetes is one of the most common metabolic disorders that may cause pathological pregnancy. Treating diabetes recognized during pregnancy results in lowering maternal and fetal complications. These patients present higher risk for excessive weight gain, preeclampsia, delivery with cesarean sections, high risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in the future. Fetuses of mothers with gestational diabetes are at higher risk for macrosomia and birth trauma, after delivery they present higher risk of developing neonatal hypoglycemia, hyperbilirubinemia, and respiratory distress syndrome...
February 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216995/prevalence-and-predictors-of-unhealthy-weight-gain-in-pregnancy
#4
Sara Lindberg, Cynthia Anderson, Parvathy Pillai, Aman Tandias, Brian Arndt, Lawrence Hanrahan
IMPORTANCE: Weight gain during pregnancy affects obesity risk in offspring. OBJECTIVE: To assess weight gain among UW Health prenatal patients and to identify predictors of unhealthy gestational weight gain. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of women delivering at UW Health during 2007-2012. Data are from the UW eHealth Public Health Information Exchange (PHINEX) project. The proportion of women with excess and insufficient (ie, unhealthy) gestational weight gain was computed based on 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines...
November 2016: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216644/infant-adiposity-following-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-behavioural-intervention-in-obese-pregnancy
#5
N Patel, K M Godfrey, D Pasupathy, J Levin, A C Flynn, L Hayes, A L Briley, R Bell, D A Lawlor, E Oteng-Ntim, S M Nelson, S C Robson, N Sattar, C Singh, J Wardle, S White, P T Seed, L Poston
OBJECTIVE: Randomised controlled trials are required to address causality in the reported associations between maternal influences and offspring adiposity. The aim of this study was to determine whether an antenatal lifestyle intervention in obese pregnant women associated with improved maternal diet and reduced gestational weight gain leads to a reduction in infant adiposity and sustained improvements in maternal lifestyle behaviours at 6 months postpartum. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We conducted a planned postnatal follow up of a randomised controlled trial (UPBEAT) of a complex behavioural intervention targeting maternal diet (glycemic load and saturated fat intake) and physical activity in 1555 obese pregnant women...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214043/-i-just-want-to-be-normal-a-qualitative-study-of-pregnant-women-s-blogs-who-present-themselves-as-overweight-or-obese
#6
Lovisa Lingetun, Madicken Fungbrant, Ing-Marie Claesson, Christina Baggens
OBJECTIVE: to describe what pregnant women who present themselves as overweight or obese write about their pregnancy in their blogs. SETTING: Swedish private blogs. DESIGN: a qualitative study, using 13 Internet blogs as the source of data. Google was used to find the blogs. The blog content was analysed using thematic analysis. FINDINGS: three main themes were identified: Pregnancy as an excuse, Perspectives on the pregnant body and Becoming a mother...
January 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198729/influence-of-land-or-water-exercise-in-pregnancy-on-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Ruben Barakat, Maria Perales, Yaiza Cordero, Mariano Bacchi, Michelle F Mottola
PURPOSE: To compare the cross-sectional results from three experimental studies conducted on land, in water, and mixed form (land + water) during pregnancy on maternal and newborn outcomes. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used to analyze the results of three randomized clinical trials in healthy pregnant women from Madrid (Spain) and Buenos Aires (Argentina). Five hundred-sixty-eight pregnant women were recruited. For each of the studies, the number of women in the Exercise Group (EG) totalled 107 for Study I (land), 49 women for Study II (water), and 101 women for Study III (land + water)...
February 15, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198036/sleep-disruption-and-duration-in-late-pregnancy-is-associated-with-excess-gestational-weight-gain-among-overweight-and-obese-women
#8
Caryl L Gay, Sarah E Richoux, Kathleen R Beebe, Kathryn A Lee
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep during pregnancy has been associated with poorer birth outcomes. High body mass index (BMI) is often associated with poor sleep, but little is known about the relationship between gestational weight gain and sleep in late pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships of both gestational weight gain and pre-pregnancy BMI to objective and subjective measures of sleep during late pregnancy. METHODS: Pregnant women (n=128) were recruited from prenatal clinics and childbirth classes primarily serving low-income women...
February 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197646/an-observational-follow-up-study-on-pelvic-floor-disorders-to-3-5-years-after-delivery
#9
Karen Ng, Rachel Yau Kar Cheung, Lai Loi Lee, Tony Kwok Hung Chung, Symphorosa Shing Chee Chan
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI), fecal incontinence (FI), and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) 3-5 years after the first pregnancy and their associated risk factors. METHODS: We assessed 506 women using the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI) and the Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ). Maternal characteristics and obstetric data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, independent sample t test, chi-squared test, and logistic regression...
February 14, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196346/organochlorine-pesticides-ocps-and-polychlorinated-biphenyls-pcbs-in-human-breast-milk-and-associated-health-risks-to-nursing-infants-in-northern-tanzania
#10
M H B Müller, A Polder, O B Brynildsrud, M Karimi, E Lie, W B Manyilizu, R H Mdegela, F Mokiti, M Murtadha, H E Nonga, J U Skaare, J L Lyche
This is the first study to report organochlorines (OCs), including chlorinated pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in human milk from Tanzania. The main aims of this study were to assess the level of contamination and the possible health risks related to OC exposure in nursing infants from the Northern parts of Tanzania. Ninety-five healthy mother-infant couples attending Mount Meru Regional Referral Hospital (MMRRH), Arusha, Tanzania, were assessed for associations between maternal/infant characteristics, i...
February 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188774/helicobacter-pylori-infection-a-predictor-of-vomiting-severity-in-pregnancy-and-adverse-birth-outcome
#11
Iris J Grooten, Wouter J Den Hollander, Tessa J Roseboom, Ernst J Kuipers, Vincent W Jaddoe, Romy Gaillard, Rebecca C Painter
BACKGROUND: Nausea and occasional vomiting in early pregnancy (NVP) is common. It is unknown why some women experience severe NVP. Causes are multifactorial and only symptomatic treatment options are available, while adverse birth outcomes have been described. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection has been implicated in the etiology of NVP. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of H. pylori with vomiting severity in pregnancy and its effect on birth outcome...
February 7, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179267/obesity-and-pregnancy-mechanisms-of-short-term-and-long-term-adverse-consequences-for-mother-and-child
#12
REVIEW
Patrick M Catalano, Kartik Shankar
Obesity is the most common medical condition in women of reproductive age. Obesity during pregnancy has short term and long term adverse consequences for both mother and child. Obesity causes problems with infertility, and in early gestation it causes spontaneous pregnancy loss and congenital anomalies. Metabolically, obese women have increased insulin resistance in early pregnancy, which becomes manifest clinically in late gestation as glucose intolerance and fetal overgrowth. At term, the risk of cesarean delivery and wound complications is increased...
February 8, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179204/understanding-maternal-dietary-choices-during-pregnancy-the-role-of-social-norms-and-mindful-eating
#13
A D Hutchinson, M Charters, I Prichard, C Fletcher, C Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Serious health complications associated with excessive weight have been documented for pregnant women and their babies during pregnancy, birth and beyond. Whilst research has focused on identifying particular foods that can be either detrimental or essential for the developing baby, pregnant women's food choices are likely determined by broader considerations. This study examined social influences as represented in reports of descriptive and injunctive social norms related to healthy eating during pregnancy, and individual differences in mindfulness while eating, as important potential correlates of pregnant women's self-reported diet...
February 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179065/women-s-dietary-changes-before-and-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#14
Sarah E Hillier, Ellinor K Olander
BACKGROUND: dietary intake before and during pregnancy has significant health outcomes for both mother and child, including a healthy gestational weight gain. To ensure effective interventions are successfully developed to improve dietary intake during pregnancy, it is important to understand what dietary changes pregnant women make without intervention. AIMS: to systematically identify and review studies examining women's dietary changes before and during pregnancy and to identify characteristics of the women making these changes...
January 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178940/accuracy-of-clinical-fetal-weight-estimation-by-midwives
#15
Assaad Kesrouani, Chady Atallah, Ramzi AbouJaoude, Norma Assaf, Hanaa Khaled, Elie Attieh
BACKGROUND: Clinical fetal weight estimation is a common practice in obstetrics. This study aims to evaluate the accuracy of fetal weight estimation by midwives, and to identify factors that may lead to overestimation or underestimation of fetal weight. METHODS: A cohort prospective study in a Lebanese university hospital, included weight estimation of singleton pregnancies above 35 weeks. Multiple pregnancies, unclear dating, growth retardation, malformations and stillbirths cases are excluded...
February 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178748/weight-in-the-first-year-of-life-associations-with-maternal-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain-findings-from-a-longitudinal-pregnancy-cohort
#16
Skye McPhie, Helen Skouteris, Richard P Mattick, Judy Wilson, Ingrid Honan, Steve Allsop, Lucy Burns, Elizabeth Elliott, Samantha Teague, Craig A Olsson, Delyse Hutchinson
Objective To investigate the obesogenic influence of maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on infant weight at birth and 12 months postpartum in an Australian general population sample. Methods Data on 1,305 pregnant women were collected on prepregnancy BMI and GWG through maternal interview, on infant weight at birth through hospital records, and on infant weight 12 months postbirth through direct measurement. Relationships between prepregnancy, gestational weight exposures, and infant weight outcomes were assessed with and without adjustment for potential confounding...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177566/what-characteristics-of-nutrition-and-physical-activity-interventions-are-key-to-effectively-reducing-weight-gain-in-obese-or-overweight-pregnant-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
SeonAe Yeo, Jennifer S Walker, Melissa C Caughey, Amanda M Ferraro, Josephine K Asafu-Adjey
: Lifestyle interventions targeting gestational weight gain (GWG) report varying degrees of success. To better understand factors influencing efficacy, we reviewed randomized trials specifically among obese and overweight pregnant women. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and a meta-analysis of 32 studies with a pooled population of 5,869 overweight or obese pregnant women. Random effects models were fit to compute the weighted mean difference (WMD) in GWG between groups across studies...
February 8, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177374/influence-of-dietary-arginine-supplementation-of-sows-during-late-pregnancy-on-piglet-birth-weight-and-sow-and-litter-performance-during-lactation
#18
B E Bass, C L Bradley, Z B Johnson, C E Zier-Rush, R D Boyd, J L Usry, C V Maxwell, J W Frank
Two experiments were conducted to determine the effect of feeding supplemental -Arg during late pregnancy on piglet birth weight and preweaning performance. In Exp. 1, 97 gilts and sows were allotted (gestation d 93) to receive a control diet (CON; 19.8 g standardized ileal digestible [SID] Arg/d) or the CON + 1.0% -Arg (ARG; 46.6 g SID Arg/d). Gilts and sows were weighed on gestation d 93 and 110, 48 h after farrowing, and at weaning. Data, including number born alive, number weaned, individual birth and weaning weight, and placenta weight, were recorded...
January 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177093/-pharmacological-and-nutritional-problems-in-pregnant-patient-on-chronic-dialysis
#19
Michele Giannattasio, Federica Giannattasio, Giuseppe Gernone
Many of information on the safety of drugs during pregnancy were obtained many years ago, before the pregnant women were excluded from the study protocols for possible fetal risks. Because randomized trials in pregnancy are complex and considered unethical. For the same reasons, there are no randomized controlled trials in pregnant women on dialysis. Moreover Compared to the normal subject, the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in these patients are influenced or by pregnancy or from dialysis techniques or from chronic uremia...
January 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176775/investigating-the-relationship-between-sleep-and-macronutrient-intake-in-women-of-childbearing-age
#20
C J Bennett, H Truby, Z Zia, S W Cain, M L Blumfield
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Reduced sleep is a strong and independent risk factor for weight gain and obesity. Maternal obesity preconception and throughout gestation can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and impact on offspring health in later life. This study investigated the relationship between sleeping behaviour and macronutrient intake in childbearing aged women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health 1973-78 cohort, aged 31-36 years in 2009 (n=8200)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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