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Yuhui Yang, Xue Liu, Yunpeng Liu, Hui Fu, Ying Gao, Xing Liu, Xiaoliang Jiang
Background and objective: Chronic inflammatory is involved in the development of salt-sensitive hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases. PSGL-1 plays an important role in the inflammatory response. Methods and results: In this study, we used PSGL-1-/- and PSGL-1+/+ mice fed with high salt diet to measure the blood pressure, inflammatory response and vascular injury. We found that, in PSGL-1+/+ mice, high salt diet resulted in high blood pressure with the increased expression of serum inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-1β and TNFɑ, vascular injury markers MCP-1, ET-1, and VWF, and renal macrophages and T cells infiltration, and endothelium-dependent acetylcholine vasodilation dysfunction...
2018: Cell & Bioscience
Rong Wang, Lei Cao, Zhenxing Shen, Yongxiao Cao
Fine particle matters (PM2.5 ) is a well-known risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. Vascular hyper-reactivity plays an important roles in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. The present study was designed to investigate a hypothesis that PM2.5 up-regulated endothelin receptors in mesenteric artery and the potential underlying mechanisms. Rat mesenteric arteries were cultured with PM2.5 . The artery contractile responses were recorded by a sensitive myograph...
March 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Adekunle Emmanuel Alagbe, John Ayodele Olaniyi, Oladapo Wale Aworanti
Background and Objectives: Inflammatory markers that influence bone pain crisis (BPC) and other complications of sickle cell anaemia (SCA) are numerous and play various roles. This study determined the plasma levels of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) - α, interleukin - 8 (IL-8), and endothelin - 1 (ET-1) in adult SCA patients during BPC and in steady state. In addition, the plasma levels of these cytokines were correlated with the severity of BPC of the patients. Methods and Materials: Sixty adult SCA patients (30 during BPC and 30 during steady state) and 30 haemoglobin A controls were enrolled for this cross-sectional study...
2018: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
Shuang Wu, Yan-Min Yang, Jun Zhu, Jia-Meng Ren, Juan Wang, Han Zhang, Xing-Hui Shao
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prognostic role of big endothelin-1 (ET-1) in atrial fibrillation (AF) is unclear. We aimed to assess its predictive value in patients with AF. METHODS: A total of 716 AF patients were enrolled and divided into two groups based on the optimal cut-off value of big ET-1 in predicting all-cause mortality. The primary outcomes were all-cause mortality and major adverse events (MAEs). Cox regression analysis and net reclassification improvement (NRI) analysis were performed to assess the predictive value of big ET-1 on outcomes...
March 2, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Xingjian Liu, Nikhil Khadtare, Hardek Patel, Ralph Stephani, Jerome Cantor
INTRODUCTION: A number of studies indicate that endothelin-1 (ET-1) may act as an inflammatory cell "gatekeeper," by regulating the influx of neutrophils following pulmonary injury. To further examine the role of ET-1 in modulating lung inflammation, hamsters were treated with an endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA), HJP272, either 1 h prior to intratracheal instillation of amiodarone (AM) or 24 h afterwards. METHODS: In both cases, the extent of lung injury and repair was determined by (1) histopathological changes; (2) neutrophil content in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF); (3) lung collagen content; (4) tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 expression by BALF macrophages; (5) BALF levels of (a) transforming growth factor beta-1, (b) stromal cell-derived factor 1 (commonly referred to as CXCL12), and (c) platelet-derived growth factor BB; (6) alveolar septal cell apoptosis...
March 7, 2018: Lung
F Z Gonçalves, F S Lizarte Neto, P C Novais, D Gattas, L G Lourenço, C A M de Carvalho, D P C Tirapelli, C A F Molina, L F Tirapelli, S Tucci
Recent evidence shows that chronic ethanol consumption increases endothelin (ET)-1 induced sustained contraction of trabecular smooth muscle cells of the corpora cavernosa in corpus cavernosum of rats by a mechanism that involves increased expression of ETA and ETB receptors. Our goal was to evaluate the effects of alcohol and diabetes and their relationship to miRNA-155, miRNA-199 and endothelin receptors in the corpus cavernosum and blood of rats submitted to the experimental model of diabetes mellitus and chronic alcoholism...
March 1, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Yuan Li, Huiping Zhang, Yi Liang, Wei Wang, Tongshun Xu, Jifang Zhang, Wenliang Xiao, Tao Wang
BACKGROUND: To improve therapy for slow coronary flow (SCF), the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy on vascular endothelial function in SCF patients is the focus of this investigation. METHODS: Ninety-eight patients who exhibited chest discomfort were retrospectively analyzed, and di-agnosed with SCF by coronary artery angiography at the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China from 2014 to 2016. The patients were divided into two groups according to the following treatment: HBO group (n = 48) and the control group (n = 50)...
2018: Cardiology Journal
Qing Liu, Hui Hu, Tingting Hu, Ting Han, Ahui Wang, Lijie Huang, Qiwen Tan, Wen Tan
Right heart failure and pulmonary artery remodeling resulting from increased left heart pressure are prevalent in a clinical setting, and the specific pathological feature exhibits cancer-like cell proliferation in lung. STVNa has been previously demonstrated its anti-proliferation property. In this study, we want to verify the therapeutic effect of STVNa against right ventricle hypertrophy and pulmonary artery remodeling in rats induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC). The results show that TAC surgery increased mean right ventricle pressure (mRVP) less in the STVNa group than that in the vehicle group (11...
February 27, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Lili Cui, Meimei Xing, Lanting Xu, Junya Wang, Xiaofeng Zhang, Changyang Ma, Wenyi Kang
Flowers of Malus halliana (M. halliana) Koehne have been used as a Chinese traditional medicine to treat metrorrhagia and in our study, its chemical composition and anticoagulant effect were investigated. Five compounds were isolated and identified from M. halliana flowers, including limocitrin-3-O-glucoside (1), baohuoside Ⅱ (2), kaempferol-3-O-α-L-furan arabinoside (3), phloretin-4'-O-glycosidase (4) and afzeloside (5). Compound 1-3 were isolated for the first time from this genus. The anticoagulant effect of the compounds and extracts of M...
February 26, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Xiaohong Wang, Lei Chu, Chun Liu, Ronglong Wei, Xianglong Xue, Yuefen Xu, Mengjie Wu, Qing Miao
OBJECTIVES: To observe the therapeutic effects of Saussurea involucrata (Sau) injection against severe acute pancreatitis (SAP)-induced brain injury. METHODS: Sodium taurocholate-induced SAP-modeled rats were equally randomized into an SAP model group (SAP group) and a Sau treated group (Sau  +  S group). Healthy rats were equally randomized into a Sau treated group (Sau  +  H group) and a sham operation group (SO group). Serum amylase levels, endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO) contents were determined by optical turbidimetry, ELISA and nitrate reductase method respectively...
February 23, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Xiu-Xia Wu, Xian Li, Zhong-Qin Dang, Wen-Zhao Luo, Chang-Pu Zhao, Kun Yu
To explore the therapeutic effect and security of Zisheng decoction recipein treatment of the chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) with intestinal metaplasia(IM). A total of 147 eligible cases were randomly divided into the traditional Chinese medicine group, Western medicine group and the combined group,47 cases in each group. Zisheng decoction recipe, famotidine, as well as Zisheng decoction recipe + famotidine were respectively given in the above three groups, with a treatment course of 30 d. The symptoms of traditional Chinese medicine, pathological score of gastric mucosa and the negative rate of Helicobacter pylori before and after treatment were observed in each group...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Xin Zhao, Peng Sun, Guijie Li, Ruokun Yi, Yu Qian, Kun-Young Park
We conducted the present study to determine the gastric injury preventive effects of polyphenols in Kuding tea (KTPs) in Kunming (KM) mice through the inhibition of gastric-acid secretion and the protection of the gastric mucosa. Mice treated with a high concentration of Kuding tea polyphenols (HKTP) had lower serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-12, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), motilin (MOT), substance P (SP), and endothelin-1 (ET-1), and higher serum levels of somatostatin (SS) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) than did the mice in the control group...
February 27, 2018: Food & Function
Wendy Rosales, Fernando Lizcano
The development of cardiovascular pathologies is partly attributed to epigenetic causes, including histone methylation, which appears to be an important marker in hearts that develop cardiac hypertrophy. Previous studies showed that the histone demethylase JMJD2A can regulate the hypertrophic process in murine cardiomyocytes. However, the influence of JMJD2A on cardiac hypertrophy in a human cardiomyocyte model is still poorly understood. In the present study, cardiomyocytes derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) were used...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Carlee D Ruediger, Bobby John, Sathesh Kumar, Han S Lim, Geetanjali Rangnekar, Kurt C Roberts-Thomson, Glenn D Young, David Chase, Prashanthan Sanders, Scott R Willoughby
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that ethnicity can make a significant difference to the likelihood of thromboembolic stroke related to atrial fibrillation. Ethnic differences have been shown to alter inflammatory and haemostatic factors; however, this may all be confounded by differences in cardiovascular risk factors between different ethnicity. The impact of different ethnicities on the thrombogenic profile is not known. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in markers of inflammation, endothelial function and tissue remodelling between Caucasian and Indian populations with supraventricular tachycardia (SVT)...
January 2018: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
William M Armstead, Hugh Hekierski, Philip Pastor, Serge Yarovoi, Abd Al-Roof Higazi, Douglas B Cines
The sole FDA-approved drug treatment for ischemic stroke is tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA). However, upregulation of JNK mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and endothelin 1 (ET-1) by tPA after stroke contributes to impaired cerebrovascular autoregulation. Wild-type (wt) tPA can bind to the lipoprotein-related receptor (LRP), which mediates vasodilation, or NMDA receptors (NMDA-Rs), exacerbating vasoconstriction. Elevations in IL-6, a marker of inflammation that accompanies stroke, are reported to be an adverse prognostic factor...
February 23, 2018: Translational Stroke Research
Ioannis Smyrnias, Normann Goodwin, Dagmar Wachten, Jonas Skogestad, Jan Magnus Aronsen, Emma L Robinson, Kateryna Demydenko, Anne Segonds-Pichon, David Oxley, Sakthivel Sadayappan, Karin Sipido, Martin D Bootman, H Llewelyn Roderick
The shortening of sarcomeres that co-ordinates the pump function of the heart is stimulated by electrically-mediated increases in [Ca2+ ]. This process of excitation-contraction coupling (ECC) is subject to modulation by neurohormonal mediators that tune the output of the heart to meet the needs of the organism. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent modulator of cardiac function with effects on contraction amplitude, chronotropy and automaticity. The actions of ET-1 are evident during normal adaptive physiological responses and increased under pathophysiological conditions, such as following myocardial infarction and during heart failure, where ET-1 levels are elevated...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Hima C S Abeysinghe, Carli L Roulston
Multiple methods exist to model permanent and transient ischemia under anesthesia in animals, however most human strokes occur while conscious. The use of endothelin-1 as a vasoconstrictor applied to the perivascular surface of the middle cerebral artery is one of the only methods for inducing stroke in conscious animals. Here, we describe standard operating procedures for stereotaxic placement of an ET-1 guide probe above the middle cerebral artery, induction of stroke in conscious rats, predictive outcome scoring during stroke, and neurological behavioral tests that we use to monitor transient and continuing deficits...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Tu'uhevaha J Kaitu'u-Lino, Fiona C Brownfoot, Sally Beard, Ping Cannon, Roxanne Hastie, Tuong V Nguyen, Natalie K Binder, Stephen Tong, Natalie J Hannan
INTRODUCTION: The discovery of new treatments that prevent or treat preeclampsia would be a major advance. Antiangiogenic factors soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and soluble endoglin (sENG) are secreted in excess from the placenta, causing hypertension, endothelial dysfunction, and multiorgan injury. We recently identified metformin and esomeprazole as potential treatments for preeclampsia. Both reduce placental and endothelial secretion of sFlt-1 and soluble endoglin, and reduce endothelial dysfunction...
2018: PloS One
J-M Wang, S-D Ye, S-M Li, W Hu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and the lipid profile, inflammatory cytokines, and endothelial function in diabetic patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 77 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated in our hospital from January 2015 to March 2017 and 73 healthy volunteers were selected. The 25(OH)D, lipids, inflammatory factors, and endothelial function were compared between the two groups. The levels of 25(OH)D in diabetic patients were also compared to detect the levels of serum lipids and inflammatory cytokines in different groups...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Brandon M Fox, Bryan K Becker, Analia S Loria, Kelly A Hyndman, Chunhua Jin, Hannah Clark, Robin Johns, Masashi Yanagisawa, David M Pollock, Jennifer S Pollock
BACKGROUND: Acute psychosocial stress provokes increases in circulating endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels in humans and animal models. However, key questions about the physiological function and cellular source of stress-induced ET-1 remain unanswered. We hypothesized that endothelium-derived ET-1 contributes to the acute pressor response to stress via activation of the endothelin A receptor. METHODS AND RESULTS: Adult male vascular endothelium-specific ET-1 knockout mice and control mice that were homozygous for the floxed allele were exposed to acute psychosocial stress in the form of cage switch stress (CSS), with blood pressure measured by telemetry...
February 16, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
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