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Baby boomers

Camillia K Lui, William C Kerr, Nina Mulia, Yu Ye
BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status (SES) has been associated with lower alcohol consumption, but also with heavier drinking. To explain this contradictory relationship, we examined SES differences in drinking patterns from an age-period-cohort (APC) perspective. METHODS: Data are from seven waves of the U.S. National Alcohol Surveys from 1979 to 2010. As a proxy for SES, educational attainment was used. Past-year alcohol volume was calculated from frequency (never-to-every day) and usual quantity (1-2, 3-4, or 5-6 drinks)...
March 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Robert D Ashford, Kevin Lynch, Brenda Curtis
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorder research and practice have not yet taken advantage of emerging changes in communication patterns. While internet and social media use is widespread in the general population, little is known about how these mediums are used in substance use disorder treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this paper were to provide data on patients' with substance use disorders mobile phone ownership rates, usage patterns on multiple digital platforms (social media, internet, computer, and mobile apps), and their interest in the use of these platforms to monitor personal recovery...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Meera Balasubramaniam
Geriatricians are increasingly encountering older adults expressing suicidal wishes in the absence of overt mental illness. This is expected to grow as life expectancy increases. This article describes the case of an older adult who expressed the wish to end his life in the absence of a diagnosable mental illness. Although he had chronic medical illnesses, he was not terminally ill. The complex subject of rational suicide in elderly adults is approached from a clinician's perspective. Issues of ageism, gerontophobia, and changing perspectives on death are highlighted...
March 2, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Michael Matthews, Melissa K Carsten, Douglas J Ayers, Nir Menachemi
The demand for Long-Term Care (LTC) is steadily increasing as Baby Boomers age and enter retirement. High turnover rates among employees in LTC creates challenges for supervisors and administrators, and can negatively impact quality of care. This study examines manager-subordinate relationship quality using Leader-Member Exchange Theory (LMX) as an antecedent to turnover among low-wage earners in the LTC environment. Survey data measuring LMX, job satisfaction, and demographic information was collected at time 1, and turnover data was collected 18 months later at time 2...
February 27, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
Sarah E Mossburg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Nursing Management
Michael A Franklin
Recent and rapid advances in the implementation of technology have greatly affected the quality and efficiency of healthcare delivery in the United States. Simultaneously, diverse generational pressures-including the consumerism of millennials and unsustainable growth in the costs of care for baby boomers-have accelerated a revolution in healthcare delivery that was marked in 2010 by the passage of the Affordable Care Act.Against this backdrop, Maryland and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services entered into a partnership in 2014 to modernize the Maryland All-Payer Model...
April 2018: Frontiers of Health Services Management
Mitchell L Shiffman
The epidemic of hepatitis C virus (HCV) began in the 1960s when transmission was primarily the result of blood transfusions. By 1990, when HCV was identified and a serologic test for screening donated blood was implemented, 123 million persons had already become infected worldwide and HCV was the most common cause of cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and the most common indication for liver transplantation. Approximately 75% of persons with HCV are "baby boomers" born between the years 1945 and 1965...
February 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
S Stevanin, A Palese, V Bressan, K Vehviläinen-Julkunen, T Kvist
AIMS: Describe and summarize workplace characteristics of three nursing generations: Baby Boomers, Generations X and Y. BACKGROUND: Generational differences affect occupational well-being, nurses' performance, patient outcomes and safety; therefore, nurse managers, administrators and educators are interested increasingly in making evidence-based decisions about the multigenerational nursing workforce. DESIGN: Mixed-methods systematic review...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Sang-Ju Yu
Taiwan's rapidly aging society is expected to make it a super-aged society in 2026. By 2060, people aged 65 or older will account for 40% of the population, a ratio that will approximate that in Japan. In Japan, the elderly population was 27.3% in 2016. By 2025, when the baby-boomers become 75 years old in Japan, issues of long-term care and end-of-life care will be more important and challenging. Since 1976, more Japanese have died in hospital settings than in home settings. Although the percentage of people dying at home increased slightly to 12...
February 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Daniel F Battafarano, Marcia Ditmyer, Marcy B Bolster, John D FitzGerald, Chad Deal, Anne R Bass, Rodolfo Molina, Alan R Erickson, Jonathan S Hausman, Marisa Klein-Gitelman, Lisa F Imundo, Benjamin J Smith, Karla Jones, Kamilah Greene, Seetha U Monrad
OBJECTIVE: Describe the character and composition of the 2015 U.S. adult rheumatology workforce; evaluate workforce trends; and project supply and demand for clinical rheumatology care 2015-2030. METHODS: The 2015 Workforce Study of Rheumatology Specialists in the U.S. used primary and secondary data sources to estimate the baseline adult rheumatology workforce and determine demographic and geographic factors relevant to workforce modeling. Supply and demand was projected through 2030, utilizing data-driven estimations regarding the proportion and clinical full-time equivalent (FTE) of academic vs...
February 5, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
Tia Powell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The anticipated number of persons with dementia continues to grow, and the US has insufficiently planned to provide and pay for care for this large population. RECENT FINDINGS: A number of significant clinical trials aiming to prevent or cure dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, have not demonstrated success. Because of the lack of efficacious treatments, and the fact that brain changes associated with dementia may begin decades before symptoms, we can predict that efforts to cure or prevent dementia will not succeed in time for millions of people in the baby boomer generation...
February 1, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
Isabel Aguilar-Palacio, Ana Isabel Gil-Lacruz, Raquel Sánchez-Recio, Mª José Rabanaque
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the influence of micro- and macro-factors on self-rated health, and the role of generation on this relationship. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using data from European Health Interview Surveys from 14 European countries. Individuals were divided into four generations ("silent generation", "baby boomers", and "generation X" and "Y"). We conducted multilevel analyses for each generation to study the influence of individual and national explanatory variables on self-rated health...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Scott S Christensen, Barbara L Wilson, Linda S Edelman
AIMS: The purpose of this review is to help the nurse leader develop an understanding of the five generations currently in the health care workforce by providing defining characteristics, general behaviours, and strategies for the nurse manager to employ for each generational cohort. BACKGROUND: Generations are groups of people born during the same 15-20 year time period who share similar experiences before adulthood, which shape long-term behaviours. Key descriptors and characteristics are provided...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
Dalia Sofer
Can this shifting workforce circumvent a nursing shortage?
February 2018: American Journal of Nursing
Jonathon P Leider, Fatima Coronado, Angela J Beck, Elizabeth Harper
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to reconcile public health workforce supply and demand data to understand whether the expected influx of public health graduates can meet turnover events. METHODS: Four large public health workforce data sources were analyzed to establish measures of workforce demand, voluntary separations, and workforce employees likely to retire at state and local health departments. Data were collected in 2014-2016 and analyzed in 2016 and 2017...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Evon Zoog, W Heath Giles, Robert A Maxwell
The management of perforated diverticulitis is a challenging aspect of general surgery. The prevalence of colonic diverticular disease has increased over the last decade and will continue to increase as the baby boomers add to the elderly population. Improvements in diagnostic imaging modalities, efforts to maintain intestinal continuity, and percutaneous drainage procedures now result in several alternatives when selecting a management strategy for complicated presentations. Specifically, laparoscopic lavage and resection with primary anastomosis have emerged as options for treatment of Hinchey III and IV diverticulitis in place of diversion in the appropriately selected patient...
December 1, 2017: American Surgeon
Zirui Song, Timothy G Ferris
The United States is facing a significant demographic transition, with about 10,000 baby boomers turning age 65 each day. At the same time, the nation is experiencing a similarly striking transition in hospital capacity, as the supply of hospital beds has declined in recent decades. The juxtaposition of population aging and hospital capacity portends a potentially widening divergence between supply and demand for hospital care. We provide a closer look at current hospital capacity and a rethinking of the future role of hospital beds in meeting the needs of an aging population...
December 22, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Melanie Wall, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Mei-Chen Hu, Tianshu Feng, Pamela Griesler, Denise B Kandel
BACKGROUND: This study sought to specify (1) the position of nonmedical prescription opioids (NMPO) in drug initiation sequences among Millennials (1979-96), Generation X (1964-79), and Baby Boomers (1949-64) and (2) gender and racial/ethnic differences in sequences among Millennials. METHODS: Data are from the 2013-2014 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (n = 73,026). We identified statistically significant drug initiation sequences involving alcohol/cigarettes, marijuana, NMPO, cocaine, and heroin using a novel method distinguishing significant sequences from patterns expected only due to correlations induced by common liability among drugs...
January 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Judith A Richman, Robyn Lewis Brown, Kathleen M Rospenda
People with physical impairments are at greater risk for economic hardship and more alcohol-related problems compared to the general population. We address age cohort differences in modes of coping with economic adversity and the extent to which modes of coping explain the relationships between age cohort membership and drinking outcomes among people with physical impairments. 176 respondents with physical impairments derived from a national sample completed a mail survey. Using SEM, we demonstrate that members of the Generation X age cohort manifest higher levels of alcohol consumption and problem-related drinking compared to baby boomers due to their lesser tendency to engage in politically-oriented coping to deal with economic adversity...
2017: Journal of Drug Issues
Steve Berry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: JEMS: a Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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