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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617761/hepatitis-c-virus-prevalence-in-egyptian-americans-in-southern-california
#1
Sammy Saab, Matthew R Viramontes, Sara L Chalifoux, Chris J Craw, Samantha D Ramirez, Sherona N Bau, Diana G Arevalo, Elena G Saab, Clara E Saab, Chloe S Craw, Abram Estafanous, Ramy Messiah, Waleed Messiah, Mohamed El Kabany
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a global medical health concern. Egypt has the highest HCV prevalence. Few studies have assessed the HCV prevalence rates among Egyptian-born expatriates. We sought to define the HCV prevalence Egyptian-born individuals residing in the Southern California area. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We screened Egyptian-born individuals in houses of worship in the Southern California area using a point of care test HCV antibody test. Results were confirmed by testing the blood for viral load...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612171/carer-characteristics-and-health-wellbeing-and-employment-outcomes-of-older-australian-baby-boomers
#2
Kate O'Loughlin, Vanessa Loh, Hal Kendig
Supporting caregivers and enabling continued workforce participation are central strategies in Australia's response to an ageing population, however these strategies have potential disadvantages for carers, particularly women, including reduced workforce participation and retirement income, and poorer health status. This paper explores the nexus between paid work and caregiving for Australia's baby boomer cohort as this group faces unprecedented pressures to manage paid work alongside caring longer and more intensively for family members, including grandchildren...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592963/atrial-fibrillation-the-current-epidemic
#3
REVIEW
Carlos A Morillo, Amitava Banerjee, Pablo Perel, David Wood, Xavier Jouven
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia diagnosed in clinical practice. The consequences of AF have been clearly established in multiple large observational cohort studies and include increased stroke and systemic embolism rates if no oral anticoagulation is prescribed, with increased morbidity and mortality. With the worldwide aging of the population characterized by a large influx of "baby boomers" with or without risk factors for developing AF, an epidemic is forecasted within the next 10 to 20 years...
March 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583661/does-retirement-benefit-health
#4
Sari Stenholm, Jussi Vahtera
Currently large postwar baby-boomer generations are retiring from labor market. Transition to retirement is considered an important turning point in life which is accompanied by changes in many aspects of life such as time availability, daily routines, income streams and social networks. Recent longitudinal studies suggest that retirement can have a major influence on people's health behaviors, health and quality of life. Retirement could also be an opportune time at which to intervene with health-promotion activities and support healthy and active aging...
July 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569658/long-term-care-safe-drug-handling-of-oral-chemotherapy
#5
Tali M Johnson
Many oral chemotherapy agents have been approved over the last 15 years and are displacing or augmenting parenteral chemotherapy. As 8,000 Baby Boomers turn 65 years of age every day, more elders will migrate to long-term care and assisted living facilities, and consultant pharmacists may need to manage chemotherapy for the first time. Though many therapeutic classes of oral drugs are hazardous, the majority of oral chemotherapy agents are hazardous by virtue of their mechanisms of action. Previous hazardous drug-handling recommendations from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the Hematology/Oncology Pharmacy Association, and the Oncology Nursing Society have matured into new standards from the United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP), Chapter <800>, "Hazardous Drugs-Handling in Health Care Settings...
February 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567302/prevalence-of-substance-abuse-and-socio-economic-differences-in-substance-abuse-in-an-australian-community-dwelling-elderly-sample
#6
Wendy Li, Nerina Caltabiano
A sample of 324 55-90-year-old Australian adults participated in a survey on elderly substance abuse using the Clinical Assessment Scales for the Elderly. Overall, males had a higher prevalence rate of substance abuse than females. Significant differences in substance abuse mean scores were found for gender, age, income, community involvement, and retirement. The findings also reveal that being a female, involved in community groups, being a retiree, and being a non-baby boomer are protective factors of substance abuse...
January 2017: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545399/general-cognitive-status-among-baby-boomers-and-pre-boomers-in-taiwan-the-interplay-between-mid-life-socioeconomic-status-and-city-residence
#7
Chi Chiao
BACKGROUND: This study seeks to assess the interaction between mid-life socioeconomic status (SES) and city residence on the cognitive status of Baby Boomers and pre-Boomers in Taiwan, a non-Western society with a distinct cultural and family context, taking apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene polymophism and life stressors into consideration. METHODS: The data used was from the Social Environment and Biomarkers of Aging Study (SEBAS) collected in Taiwan during 2006, this involved 1245 individuals from 23 communities and used multilevel regression...
May 25, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536089/smart-devices-for-older-adults-managing-chronic-disease-a-scoping-review
#8
REVIEW
Ben Yb Kim, Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: The emergence of smartphones and tablets featuring vastly advancing functionalities (eg, sensors, computing power, interactivity) has transformed the way mHealth interventions support chronic disease management for older adults. Baby boomers have begun to widely adopt smart devices and have expressed their desire to incorporate technologies into their chronic care. Although smart devices are actively used in research, little is known about the extent, characteristics, and range of smart device-based interventions...
May 23, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516309/assessing-the-process-of-retirement-a-cross-cultural-review-of-available-measures
#9
Julia C Rafalski, Jack H Noone, Kate O'Loughlin, Alexsandro L de Andrade
Retirement research is now expanding beyond the post-World War II baby boomers' retirement attitudes and plans to include the nature of their workforce exit and how successfully they adjust to their new life. These elements are collectively known as the process of retirement. However, there is insufficient research in developing countries to inform the management of their ageing populations regarding this process. This review aims to facilitate national and cross-cultural research in developing and non-English speaking countries by reviewing the existing measures of the retirement process published in English and Portuguese...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512081/effects-of-ehealth-literacy-on-general-practitioner-consultations-a-mediation-analysis
#10
Peter Johannes Schulz, Mary Anne Fitzpatrick, Alexandra Hess, Lynn Sudbury-Riley, Uwe Hartung
BACKGROUND: Most evidence (not all) points in the direction that individuals with a higher level of health literacy will less frequently utilize the health care system than individuals with lower levels of health literacy. The underlying reasons of this effect are largely unclear, though people's ability to seek health information independently at the time of wide availability of such information on the Internet has been cited in this context. OBJECTIVE: We propose and test two potential mediators of the negative effect of eHealth literacy on health care utilization: (1) health information seeking and (2) gain in empowerment by information seeking...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494011/changes-in-the-use-practitioner-based-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-over-time-in-canada-cohort-and-period-effects
#11
Mayilee Canizares, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Monique A M Gignac, Richard H Glazier, Elizabeth M Badley
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is growing. However the factors contributing to changes over time and to birth cohort differences in CAM use are not well understood. SETTING: We used data from 10186 participants, who were aged 20-69 years at the first cycle of data collection in the longitudinal component of the Canadian National Population Health Survey (1994/95-2010/11). We examined chiropractic and other practitioner-based CAM use with a focus on five birth cohorts: pre-World War II (born 1925-1934); World War II (born 1935-1944); older baby boomers (born 1945-1954); younger baby boomers (born 1955-1964); and Gen Xers (born 1965-1974)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471919/device-sales-representatives-in-the-operating-room-do-we-really-need-or-want-them-a-survey-of-orthopaedic-trauma-surgeons
#12
Berton R Moed, Heidi A Israel
INTRODUCTION: The purposes of this study were to determine the current attitude of orthopaedic trauma surgeons toward device sales representatives (DSRs), especially regarding their presence in the operating room (OR), and to establish the existence of1 any surgeon generational differences. METHODS: A survey was created using a 5-point Likert response scale, related to conflict of interest (COI) and attitudes toward DSRs. Participants were solicited from the Orthopaedic Trauma Association database of 384 active members and 127 (33%) completed the survey...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429601/later-life-preparation-patterns-on-depression-among-korean-baby-boom-generations
#13
Seok In Nam, Junpyo Kim, Jimin Shin, Arram Yim
The aim of this study was to examine the later-life preparation pattern of Korean baby boomers and its effect on depression. Using the fourth wave of Korean Retirement and Income Study, later-life preparation was measured by economic, physical, and psychological preparation, and leisure, and family relationship satisfaction. The data analysis included latent class analysis, correlations, multiple logistic regression, and analysis of variance. Later-life patterns of Korean baby boomers were classified as high-level (35...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299821/baby-boomers-in-the-united-states-factors-associated-with-working-longer-and-delaying-retirement
#14
Xiuwen Sue Dong, Xuanwen Wang, Knut Ringen, Rosemary Sokas
OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the self-reported probability of working full-time past age 62 (P62) or age 65 (P65) among four cohorts of Americans born between 1931 and 1959. METHODS: Data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) were analyzed. Respondents in four age cohorts were selected for comparison. Multivariable linear regression models were used to assess cohort differences in P62 and P65 while adjusting for covariates. RESULTS: P62 and P65 increased among boomers despite worsened self-rated health compared to the two preceding cohorts, with 37% and 80% increases among mid-boomers in construction trades...
April 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295785/improving-support-and-education-of-low-income-baby-boomers-diagnosed-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-through-universal-screening
#15
Barbara J Turner, Kathryn Craig, Vidhi S Makanji, Bertha E Flores, Ludivina Hernandez
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify support needs of low-income baby boomers recently diagnosed with chronic hepatitis C virus infection. BACKGROUND: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has endorsed one-time screening of all baby boomers (born 1945-1965) for hepatitis C because 75% of the estimated 2-3 million persons with chronic infection are in this age range. We hypothesised that persons diagnosed by routine screening would have significant psycho-emotional, cognitive and healthcare challenges that need to be met by collaborative care and services from nurses and other healthcare personnel...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288626/hepatitis-c-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-the-era-of-new-generation-antivirals
#16
REVIEW
Thomas F Baumert, Frank J├╝hling, Atsushi Ono, Yujin Hoshida
Hepatitis C virus infection is a major cause of hepatocellular carcinoma worldwide. Interferon has been the major antiviral treatment, yielding viral clearance in approximately half of patients. New direct-acting antivirals substantially improved the cure rate to above 90%. However, access to therapies remains limited due to the high costs and under-diagnosis of infection in specific subpopulations, e.g., baby boomers, inmates, and injection drug users, and therefore, hepatocellular carcinoma incidence is predicted to increase in the next decades even in high-resource countries...
March 14, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284746/recent-hepatitis-c-virus-testing-patterns-among-baby-boomers
#17
Ahmedin Jemal, Stacey A Fedewa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271622/a-population-based-study-of-changes-in-arthritis-prevalence-and-arthritis-risk-factors-over-time-generational-differences-and-the-role-of-obesity
#18
Elizabeth M Badley, Mayilee Canizares, Anthony V Perruccio
OBJECTIVES: To investigate cohort effects in arthritis prevalence across four birth cohorts: World War II (born: 1935-1944), older and younger baby boomers (born: 1945-1954 and 1955-1964), and Generation X (born: 1965-1974) and to determine whether birth cohort effects in arthritis prevalence were associated with differences in risk factors over time or period effects. METHODS: Analysis of biannually collected data from the Canadian longitudinal National Population Health Survey 1994-2011 (n= 8817 at baseline)...
March 8, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249237/the-influence-of-age-related-health-difficulties-and-attitudes-toward-driving-on-driving-self-regulation-in-the-baby-boomer-and-older-adult-generations
#19
Elizabeth G Conlon, Nicole Rahaley, Jessica Davis
Our study aimed to determine how age- and disease-related difficulties were associated with attitudes and beliefs about driving self-regulation in men and women in the baby boomer and older generations. Three hundred and ninety-nine men (n=204) and women (n=195) aged between 48 and 91 years participated in a cross-sectional study of Australian drivers. Demographic characteristics and measures of driving confidence, driving difficulty and driving self-regulation; perceptions of visual, physical and cognitive capacity; and attitudes and beliefs about driving were obtained...
May 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242590/exploring-the-measurement-properties-of-the-ehealth-literacy-scale-eheals-among-baby-boomers-a-multinational-test-of-measurement-invariance
#20
Lynn Sudbury-Riley, Mary FitzPatrick, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND: The eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS) is one of only a few available measurement scales to assess eHealth literacy. Perhaps due to the relative paucity of such measures and the rising importance of eHealth literacy, the eHEALS is increasingly a choice for inclusion in a range of studies across different groups, cultures, and nations. However, despite its growing popularity, questions have been raised over its theoretical foundations, and the factorial validity and multigroup measurement properties of the scale are yet to be investigated fully...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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