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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273896/baby-boomers-and-beds-a-demographic-challenge-for-the-ages
#1
Zirui Song, Timothy G Ferris
The United States is facing a significant demographic transition, with about 10,000 baby boomers turning age 65 each day. At the same time, the nation is experiencing a similarly striking transition in hospital capacity, as the supply of hospital beds has declined in recent decades. The juxtaposition of population aging and hospital capacity portends a potentially widening divergence between supply and demand for hospital care. We provide a closer look at current hospital capacity and a rethinking of the future role of hospital beds in meeting the needs of an aging population...
December 22, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220668/nonmedical-prescription-opioids-and-pathways-of-drug-involvement-in-the-us-generational-differences
#2
Melanie Wall, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Mei-Chen Hu, Tianshu Feng, Pamela Griesler, Denise B Kandel
BACKGROUND: This study sought to specify (1) the position of nonmedical prescription opioids (NMPO) in drug initiation sequences among Millennials (1979-96), Generation X (1964-79), and Baby Boomers (1949-64) and (2) gender and racial/ethnic differences in sequences among Millennials. METHODS: Data are from the 2013-2014 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (n=73,026). We identified statistically significant drug initiation sequences involving alcohol/cigarettes, marijuana, NMPO, cocaine, and heroin using a novel method distinguishing significant sequences from patterns expected only due to correlations induced by common liability among drugs...
November 27, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217868/age-cohort-variation-in-drinking-among-people-with-physical-impairments-politically-oriented-coping-in-the-wake-of-the-great-recession
#3
Judith A Richman, Robyn Lewis Brown, Kathleen M Rospenda
People with physical impairments are at greater risk for economic hardship and more alcohol-related problems compared to the general population. We address age cohort differences in modes of coping with economic adversity and the extent to which modes of coping explain the relationships between age cohort membership and drinking outcomes among people with physical impairments. 176 respondents with physical impairments derived from a national sample completed a mail survey. Using SEM, we demonstrate that members of the Generation X age cohort manifest higher levels of alcohol consumption and problem-related drinking compared to baby boomers due to their lesser tendency to engage in politically-oriented coping to deal with economic adversity...
2017: Journal of Drug Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215845/-millennials-a-baby-boomer-compromises-with-gen-y
#4
Steve Berry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: JEMS: a Journal of Emergency Medical Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210619/gray-divorce-explaining-midlife-marital-splits
#5
Jocelyn Elise Crowley
Recent research suggests that one out of every four divorces in the United States is now "gray," meaning that at least one half of the couple has reached the age of 50 when the marriage breaks down. To understand why this age group-the Baby Boomer generation-is splitting up, this study conducted 40 in-depth, semistructured interviews with men and 40 with women who have experienced a gray divorce in their lifetimes. Respondents' beliefs in an expressive individualistic model of marriage, where partnerships are only valuable if they help individuals achieve personal growth, were compared against their potential adherence to what I call a commitment-based model of marriage, where binding, romantic love holds couples together unless there is severe relationship strain...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209663/electronic-medical-record-alert-improves-hcv-testing-for-baby-boomers-in-primary-care-setting-adults-born-during-1945-1965
#6
Eyad Al-Hihi, Caylin Shankweiler, David Stricklen, Cheryl Gibson, Winston Dunn
Method: This project aims to implement the HCV birth cohort screening guidelines over a 9-month period in the primary care setting at the University of Kansas Health System General Internal Medicine Division. The project team measured the number of patients in the baby boomer population who received a one-time screen for HCV. An electronic medical record (EMR) intervention was implemented to identify baby boomers who did not have an HCV screening or diagnosis. Additionally, education was provided to all primary care providers in the clinic to increase awareness of the HCV birth cohort screening...
2017: BMJ Open Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203023/identifying-compensatory-driving-behavior-among-older-adults-using-the-situational-avoidance-questionnaire
#7
Jessica J Davis, Elizabeth G Conlon
INTRODUCTION: Driving self-regulation is considered a means through which older drivers can compensate for perceived declines in driving skill or more general feelings of discomfort on the road. One form of driving self-regulation is situational avoidance, the purposeful avoidance of situations perceived as challenging or potentially hazardous. This study aimed to validate the Situational Avoidance Questionnaire (SAQ, Davis, Conlon, Ownsworth, & Morrissey, 2016) and identify the point on the scale at which drivers practicing compensatory avoidance behavior could be distinguished from those whose driving is unrestricted, or who are avoiding situations for other, non-compensatory reasons (e...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200354/hepatitis-c-testing-increased-among-baby-boomers-following-the-2012-change-to-cdc-testing-recommendations
#8
Joshua A Barocas, Jianing Wang, Laura F White, Abriana Tasillo, Joshua A Salomon, Kenneth A Freedberg, Benjamin P Linas
In 2012 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended routine testing for hepatitis C for people born in the period 1945-65. Until now, the recommendation's impact on hepatitis C screening rates in the United States has not been fully understood. We used an interrupted time series with comparison group design to analyze hepatitis C screening rates in the period 2010-14 among 2.8 million commercially insured adults in the MarketScan database. Hepatitis C screening rates increased yearly between 2010 and 2014, from 1...
December 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190748/low-hepatitis-c-antibody-screening-rates-among-an-insured-population-of-tennessean-baby-boomers
#9
James G Carlucci, Syeda A Farooq, Lindsey Sizemore, Michael Rickles, Brandon Cosley, Leigh McCormack, Carolyn Wester
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection is common and can cause liver disease and death. Persons born from 1945 through 1965 ("Baby Boomers") have relatively high prevalence of chronic HCV infection, prompting recommendations that all Baby Boomers be screened for HCV. If chronic HCV is confirmed, evaluation for antiviral treatment should be performed. Direct-acting antivirals can cure more than 90% of people with chronic HCV. This sequence of services can be referred to as the HCV "cascade of cure" (CoC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145549/generational-differences-in-the-5-year-incidence-of-age-related-macular-degeneration
#10
Karen J Cruickshanks, David M Nondahl, Lauren J Johnson, Dayna S Dalton, Mary E Fisher, Guan-Hua Huang, Barbara E Klein, Ronald Klein, Carla R Schubert
Importance: Whether a reported decline in the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD) continued for people born during the Baby Boom years (1946-1964) or later is unknown. These data are important to plan for ocular health care needs in the 21st century. Objectives: To determine whether the 5-year risk for AMD declined by generation and to identify factors that contributed to improvement in risk. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data came from the longitudinal cohort Beaver Dam Eye Study (March 1, 1988, through September 15, 1990, and March 1, 1993, through June 15, 1995) and the Beaver Dam Offspring Study (June 8, 2005, through August 4, 2008, and July 12, 2010, through March 21, 2013)...
December 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132525/hepatitis-c-a-new-era
#11
REVIEW
Dee Ann Bragg, Ashley Crowl, Emily Manlove
More than 2 million Americans are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), and only about half are aware that they are infected. Primarily blood-borne, risk factors for the virus include injection or intranasal drug use, unregulated tattoos, incarceration, and blood transfusion before 1992. In addition, 75% of those with the virus were born between 1945 and 1965, thus making the baby-boomer cohort a population of screening interest. Because acute and early chronic HCV are often asymptomatic, screening of at-risk individuals is of utmost importance...
December 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095334/developing-a-strong-direct-care-workforce
#12
Lynda A Stear
The aging population of the United States has led to a need for more direct care workers to provide personal care to older adults and disabled people in their homes. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts employment of paraprofessionals in home care will grow 49% between 2012 and 2022 as the baby boomer generation ages and requires more assistance in activities of daily living. The typical direct care worker is a female aged 25 to 54 years old, a demographic that is projected to remain flat in the coming years...
November 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076447/aging-in-place-our-house-is-a-very-very-very-fine-house
#13
Jeannette Y Wick
As 10,000 American baby boomers turn 65 years of age every day between 2017 and 2030, society needs to help our aging population find ways to handle the restrictions and limitations that come with increasing age: visual impairment, hearing loss, osteoarthritis, dementia, and other conditions common in older adults. Institutional or long-term care for elderly individuals costs an average of $82,000 to $92,000 per person per year and varies by location. Care in an assisted living facility costs $43,500 per person annually...
October 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056400/social-media-utilization-at-an-academic-radiology-practice
#14
Nicholas A Koontz, Aaron P Kamer, Sean C Dodson, Alisha E Capps, Courtney M Tomblinson, Brandon P Brown, Mark S Frank, Darel E Heitkamp
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We report social media (SoMe) utilization trends at an academic radiology department, highlighting differences between trainees and faculty and between Baby Boomers versus Generation X and Millennials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous online survey regarding SoMe utilization and SoMe-based educational curriculum was distributed to all radiologists (trainees and faculty) in our department. Regular chi-square, ordered (Mantel-Haenszel) chi-square, and Fischer exact tests were performed...
January 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045799/opt-out-hiv-and-hepatitis-c-testing-at-the-dallas-county-jail-uptake-prevalence-and-demographic-characteristics-of-testers
#15
Carolina de la Flor, Esmaeil Porsa, Ank E Nijhawan
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are common in the criminal justice system. We offered opt-out HIV/HCV testing at the Dallas County Jail during intake from June 2015 to November 2016, after which testing was integrated into routine phlebotomy processes. The uptake of testing increased from 12.9% (118/915) in June 2015 to 80.5% (269/334) in January 2016. HIV was confirmed in 1.0% (30/3155) of inmates; 6 were new diagnoses and all were linked to care. HCV antibody positivity was found in 16...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036555/cultural-capital-factors-associated-with-life-satisfaction-in-korean-baby-boomers
#16
Hyun-Jung Kwon, Hwa-Ok Hannah Park
Background: As aging baby boomers retire, cultural capital is expected to play a major role in representing new types of need for social inclusion for this group of people. This study aims to examine the association between cultural capital and life satisfaction among Korean baby boomers born between 1955 and 1963. Methods: Data on 297 baby boomers were extracted from the 2007 Korean General Social Survey and multiple regression models were tested. Results: The findings indicated that acquired cultural capital (i...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029666/exercising-with-veterans-how-social-interaction-with-a-pharmacy-student-improves-patient-care
#17
Genna Holder, Brent Salvig
With the baby boomer population anticipated to explode between 2010 and 2030, it is essential that student pharmacists learn how to properly care for older patients. One way for pharmacy students to prepare for providing health care to the elderly is to partake in an Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) elective course in geriatrics. Pharmacy students, and health care professionals in general, have an immense amount of information available to them that is not found in a patient's chart or textbook, but can be uncovered through increased social interaction with patients, promoting the best possible care...
August 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994454/healthcare-professionals-work-engagement-in-finnish-university-hospitals
#18
Sari Lepistö, Seija Alanen, Pirjo Aalto, Päivi Järvinen, Kaija Leino, Elina Mattila, Marja Kaunonen
BACKGROUND: Concerns about the sufficiency and dedication of the healthcare workforce have arisen as the baby boomer generation is retiring and the generation Y might have different working environment demands. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To describe the association between work engagement of healthcare professionals' and its background factors at five Finnish university hospitals. METHODS: Survey data were collected from nurses, physicians and administrative staff (n = 561) at all five university hospitals in Finland...
October 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994173/looking-for-japan-s-missing-third-baby-boom
#19
Sachiko Baba, Aya Goto, Michael R Reich
AIM: High-income countries are now experiencing a decline in fertility. After experiencing baby booms in 1947-1949 and 1971-1974, Japan's population has been decreasing since 2015. In an attempt to predict the next baby boom, we searched for any upward demographic trends occurring after 1974. METHODS: We analyzed time trends of the numbers and rates of live births, stillbirths and induced abortions using Japanese government data from 1975 to 2014. We then selected two birth cohorts: the first baby boomers who were 0-4 years old in 1950, and the second baby boomers who were 0-4 years old in 1975, and analyzed their rates of live births, stillbirths, and abortions by five-year age groups...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987298/palliative-care-symptom-management-in-the-emergency-department-the-abc-s-of-symptom-management-for-the-emergency-physician
#20
Mari Siegel, Suzanne Bigelow
BACKGROUND: Palliative care is a rapidly evolving area of emergency medicine. With an estimated 5,000 to 10,000 baby boomers per day reaching retirement age, emergency departments (EDs) are treating more patients with chronic and serious disease. Palliative care offers comprehensive care for patients with advanced medical illness, aims to alleviate suffering and improve quality of life, and plays an important role in caring for these patients in the ED. OBJECTIVES: We sought to increase the emergency physician's knowledge of and comfort with symptom control in palliative and hospice patients...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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